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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893214/public-perceptions-of-behavioral-and-substance-addictions
#1
Brent Lang, Harold Rosenberg
Most of the research on public perceptions of people with addictive disorders has focused on alcohol and illicit drugs, rather than addiction to behavioral activities. To expand the range of addictive behaviors and types of perceptions studied, we designed the present study to assess the lay public's definitions of and willingness to affiliate with people described as addicted to 1 of 2 specific behaviors (i.e., pornography or gambling) or 1 of 3 specific substances (i.e., alcohol, marijuana, or heroin). A nationwide convenience sample (N = 612) of American adults completed online questionnaires during the summer of 2015...
November 28, 2016: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844314/spousal-religiosity-religious-bonding-and-pornography-consumption
#2
Samuel L Perry
Religiosity and pornography use are often closely connected. Relatively few studies, however, have examined how this religion-pornography connection plays out within the context of committed romantic relationships. Moreover, virtually all studies of religion and pornography use conceptualize religiosity as a quality intrinsic to the person that typically reduces pornography viewing. Focusing on married Americans, this study shifted the focus to consider whether the religiosity of one's spouse relates to one's own pornography viewing and under what circumstances...
November 14, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831753/cyberpornography-time-use-perceived-addiction-sexual-functioning-and-sexual-satisfaction
#3
Sarah Blais-Lecours, Marie-Pier Vaillancourt-Morel, Stéphane Sabourin, Natacha Godbout
Using pornography through the Internet is now a common activity even if associated sexual outcomes, including sexual satisfaction, are highly variable. The present study tested a two-step sequential mediation model whereby cyberpornography time use is related to sexual satisfaction through the association with, in a first step, perceived addiction to cyberpornography (i.e., perceived compulsivity, effort to access, and distress toward pornography) and with, in a second step, sexual functioning problems (i.e...
November 2016: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784182/the-effects-of-sexually-explicit-material-use-on-romantic-relationship-dynamics
#4
Jenny Minarcik, Chad T Wetterneck, Mary B Short
Background and aims Pornography use has become increasingly common. Studies have shown that individuals who use sexually explicit materials (SEMs) report negative effects (Schneider, 2000b). However, Bridges (2008b) found that couples who use SEM together have higher relationship satisfaction than those who use SEM independently. A further investigation into various types of SEM use in relationships may highlight how SEM is related to various areas of couple satisfaction. Thus, the purpose of the current study is to examine the impact of SEM use related to different relationship dynamics...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770079/naked-aggression-the-meaning-and-practice-of-ejaculation-on-a-woman-s-face
#5
Chyng Sun, Matthew B Ezzell, Olivia Kendall
Based on in-depth interviews with 16 heterosexual men, this study focuses on participants' meaning-making surrounding a common and controversial sexual act in pornography: ejaculation on a woman's face (EOWF). We analyze the ways that male consumers decoded EOWF and the ways that EOWF, as a sexual script, was included in the men's accounts of their sexual desires and practices. The majority of the men decoded EOWF through the preferred (encoded) meaning as an act of male dominance and sexual aggression and that they wanted to engage in it despite their general belief that women would not be interested in it...
October 21, 2016: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743067/erratum-to-perceived-effects-of-pornography-on-the-couple-relationship-initial-findings-of-open-ended-participant-informed-bottom-up-research
#6
Taylor Kohut, William A Fisher, Lorne Campbell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732028/an-internet-study-of-men-sexually-attracted-to-children-correlates-of-sexual-offending-against-children
#7
J Michael Bailey, Paula A Bernhard, Kevin J Hsu
We conducted an Internet survey of 1,102 men sexually attracted to children concerning their history of adjudicated offenses related to child pornography and sexual contact with children. Most of the men reported no offenses, but their rate of offenses was much higher than that expected for adult-attracted men. Correlates of offending are consistent with a strong role of the cumulative effects of temptation, especially age. Older men, men who had repeatedly worked in jobs with children, men who had repeatedly fallen in love with children, and men who had often struggled not to offend were especially likely to have offended...
October 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693826/pornography-classification-the-hidden-clues-in-video-space-time
#8
Daniel Moreira, Sandra Avila, Mauricio Perez, Daniel Moraes, Vanessa Testoni, Eduardo Valle, Siome Goldenstein, Anderson Rocha
As web technologies and social networks become part of the general public's life, the problem of automatically detecting pornography is into every parent's mind - nobody feels completely safe when their children go online. In this paper, we focus on video-pornography classification, a hard problem in which traditional methods often employ still-image techniques - labeling frames individually prior to a global decision. Frame-based approaches, however, ignore significant cogent information brought by motion...
September 21, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665026/reliability-and-validity-of-the-dsm-iv-tr-and-proposed-dsm-5-criteria-for-pedophilia-implications-for-the-icd-11-and-the-next-dsm
#9
Michael C Seto, J Paul Fedoroff, John M Bradford, Natasha Knack, Nicole C Rodrigues, Susan Curry, Brad Booth, Jonathan Gray, Colin Cameron, Dominique Bourget, Sarina Messina, Elizabeth James, Diane Watson, Sanjiv Gulati, Rufino Balmaceda, Adekunle G Ahmed
We tested the inter-rater reliability and criterion-related validity of the DSM-IV-TR pedophilia diagnosis and proposed DSM-5 pedohebephilia diagnosis in a sample of 79 men who had committed child pornography offenses, contact sexual offenses against children, or who were referred because of concerns about whether they had a sexual interest in children. Participants were evaluated by two independent psychiatrists with an interview and questionnaire regarding demographic characteristics, sexual history, and self-reported sexual interests; they also completed phallometric and visual reaction time testing...
September 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644870/revenge-pornography-mental-health-implications-and-related-legislation
#10
Mudasir Kamal, William J Newman
Revenge pornography, also known as nonconsensual pornography, is a subtype of cyberharassment/cyberstalking, and a serious problem facing society in the Internet age. Revenge pornography can result in lifelong mental health consequences for victims, damaged relationships, and social isolation. Recently, a growing number of states have recognized the importance of this phenomenon and have enacted legislation that criminalizes it. The technology industry has also taken steps to assist victims of revenge pornography by creating web forms to request removal of links leading to the explicit content...
September 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631866/clinical-errors-and-therapist-discomfort-with-client-disclosure-of-troublesome-pornography-use-implications-for-clinical-practice-and-error-reduction
#11
Nathan T Walters, Paul M Spengler
Mental health professionals are increasingly aware of the need for competence in the treatment of clients with pornography-related concerns. However, while researchers have recently sought to explore efficacious treatments for pornography-related concerns, few explorations of potential clinical judgment issues have occurred. Due to the sensitive, and at times uncomfortable, nature of client disclosures of sexual concerns within therapy, therapists are required to manage their own discomfort while retaining fidelity to treatment...
September 2016: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590829/integrating-psychological-and-neurobiological-considerations-regarding-the-development-and-maintenance-of-specific-internet-use-disorders-an-interaction-of-person-affect-cognition-execution-i-pace-model
#12
REVIEW
Matthias Brand, Kimberly S Young, Christian Laier, Klaus Wölfling, Marc N Potenza
Within the last two decades, many studies have addressed the clinical phenomenon of Internet-use disorders, with a particular focus on Internet-gaming disorder. Based on previous theoretical considerations and empirical findings, we suggest an Interaction of Person-Affect-Cognition-Execution (I-PACE) model of specific Internet-use disorders. The I-PACE model is a theoretical framework for the processes underlying the development and maintenance of an addictive use of certain Internet applications or sites promoting gaming, gambling, pornography viewing, shopping, or communication...
December 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574507/visual-sexual-stimuli-cue-or-reward-a-perspective-for-interpreting-brain-imaging-findings-on-human-sexual-behaviors
#13
Mateusz Gola, Małgorzata Wordecha, Artur Marchewka, Guillaume Sescousse
There is an increasing number of neuroimaging studies using visual sexual stimuli (VSS), especially within the emerging field of research on compulsive sexual behaviors (CSB). A central question in this field is whether behaviors such as excessive pornography consumption share common brain mechanisms with widely studied substance and behavioral addictions. Depending on how VSS are conceptualized, different predictions can be formulated within the frameworks of Reinforcement Learning or Incentive Salience Theory, where a crucial distinction is made between conditioned and unconditioned stimuli (related to reward anticipation vs...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543105/predictors-of-sexual-aggression-victimization-and-perpetration-among-polish-university-students-a-longitudinal-study
#14
Paulina Tomaszewska, Barbara Krahé
This two-wave study investigated predictors of sexual aggression victimization and perpetration in a convenience sample of 318 Polish university students (214 women), considering males and females from the perspective of both victims and perpetrators. At T1, we assessed participants' risky sexual scripts (defined as cognitive representations of consensual sexual interactions containing elements related to sexual aggression), risky sexual behavior, pornography use, religiosity, sexual self-esteem, and attitudes toward sexual coercion...
August 19, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527226/is-internet-pornography-causing-sexual-dysfunctions-a-review-with-clinical-reports
#15
Brian Y Park, Gary Wilson, Jonathan Berger, Matthew Christman, Bryn Reina, Frank Bishop, Warren P Klam, Andrew P Doan
Traditional factors that once explained men's sexual difficulties appear insufficient to account for the sharp rise in erectile dysfunction, delayed ejaculation, decreased sexual satisfaction, and diminished libido during partnered sex in men under 40. This review (1) considers data from multiple domains, e.g., clinical, biological (addiction/urology), psychological (sexual conditioning), sociological; and (2) presents a series of clinical reports, all with the aim of proposing a possible direction for future research of this phenomenon...
August 5, 2016: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27440474/paroxetine-treatment-of-problematic-pornography-use-a-case-series
#16
Mateusz Gola, Marc N Potenza
Background How best to conceptualize problematic pornography use (PPU) and intervene most effectively remain debated, with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and addiction frameworks. We investigated the efficacy of the serotonin-reuptake inhibitor paroxetine in combination with cognitive-behavioral therapy in the treatment of problematic pornography use (PPU). Case presentation Three heterosexual males with PPU were treated with cognitive-behavioral therapy and paroxetine. Frequency of pornography use, other sexual behaviors, and anxiety were assessed during treatment...
September 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27419739/a-profile-of-pornography-users-in-australia-findings-from-the-second-australian-study-of-health-and-relationships
#17
Chris Rissel, Juliet Richters, Richard O de Visser, Alan McKee, Anna Yeung, Theresa Caruana
There are societal concerns that looking at pornography has adverse consequences among those exposed. However, looking at sexually explicit material could have educative and relationship benefits. This article identifies factors associated with looking at pornography ever or within the past 12 months for men and women in Australia, and the extent to which reporting an "addiction" to pornography is associated with reported bad effects. Data from the Second Australian Study of Health and Relationships (ASHR2) were used: computer-assisted telephone interviews (CASIs) completed by a representative sample of 9,963 men and 10,131 women aged 16 to 69 years from all Australian states and territories, with an overall participation rate of 66%...
July 15, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417665/are-mental-health-effects-of-internet-use-attributable-to-the-web-based-content-or-perceived-consequences-of-usage-a-longitudinal-study-of-european-adolescents
#18
Sebastian Hökby, Gergö Hadlaczky, Joakim Westerlund, Danuta Wasserman, Judit Balazs, Arunas Germanavicius, Núria Machín, Gergely Meszaros, Marco Sarchiapone, Airi Värnik, Peeter Varnik, Michael Westerlund, Vladimir Carli
BACKGROUND: Adolescents and young adults are among the most frequent Internet users, and accumulating evidence suggests that their Internet behaviors might affect their mental health. Internet use may impact mental health because certain Web-based content could be distressing. It is also possible that excessive use, regardless of content, produces negative consequences, such as neglect of protective offline activities. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess how mental health is associated with (1) the time spent on the Internet, (2) the time spent on different Web-based activities (social media use, gaming, gambling, pornography use, school work, newsreading, and targeted information searches), and (3) the perceived consequences of engaging in those activities...
2016: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27402579/medical-evaluations-then-and-now
#19
Randell Alexander
The role of medicine for children suspected of having been sexually abused has advanced significantly since the 1980s. Newer tests such as DNA and nucleic acid amplification have added to the detection of perpetrators and disease, respectively. Non-acute examination physical findings are seen in only 5% to 10% of instances. Physical findings regarding the hymen and anus have been found to often be normal variants-findings that some used to regard as signs of sexual abuse. Newer considerations for clinicians include Internet child pornography, human trafficking, and use of video/photographic recording...
July 10, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27393037/perceived-effects-of-pornography-on-the-couple-relationship-initial-findings-of-open-ended-participant-informed-bottom-up-research
#20
Taylor Kohut, William A Fisher, Lorne Campbell
The current study adopted a participant-informed, "bottom-up," qualitative approach to identifying perceived effects of pornography on the couple relationship. A large sample (N = 430) of men and women in heterosexual relationships in which pornography was used by at least one partner was recruited through online (e.g., Facebook, Twitter, etc.) and offline (e.g., newspapers, radio, etc.) sources. Participants responded to open-ended questions regarding perceived consequences of pornography use for each couple member and for their relationship in the context of an online survey...
July 8, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
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