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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715948/the-motivation-facilitation-model-of-sexual-offending
#1
Michael C Seto
In this article, I describe the motivation-facilitation model of sexual offending, which identifies the traits of paraphilia, high sex drive, and intense mating effort as primary motivations for sexual offenses, as well as trait (e.g., antisocial personality) and state (e.g., intoxication) factors that can facilitate acting on these motivations when opportunities exist. Originally developed to explain contact sexual offending against children, the motivation-facilitation model was subsequently extended as an explanation for child pornography offending and for online solicitations of young adolescents...
July 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691375/gender-differences-in-preferences-for-psychological-treatment-coping-strategies-and-triggers-to-help-seeking
#2
Louise Liddon, Roger Kingerlee, John A Barry
OBJECTIVE: There is some evidence that men and women deal with stress in different ways; for example, a meta-analysis found that women prefer to focus on emotions as a coping strategy more than men do. However, sex differences in preferences for therapy is a subject little explored. DESIGN: A cross-sectional online survey. METHOD: Participants (115 men and 232 women) were recruited via relevant websites and social media. The survey described therapies and asked participants how much they liked each...
July 9, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686631/a-new-approach-for-the-analysis-of-facial-growth-and-age-estimation-iris-ratio
#3
Carlos Eduardo Palhares Machado, Marta Regina Pinheiro Flores, Laíse Nascimento Correia Lima, Rachel Lima Ribeiro Tinoco, Ademir Franco, Ana Cristina Barreto Bezerra, Martin Paul Evison, Marco Aurélio Guimarães
The study of facial growth is explored in many fields of science, including anatomy, genetics, and forensics. In the field of forensics, it acts as a valuable tool for combating child pornography. The present research proposes a new method, based on relative measurements and fixed references of the human face-specifically considering measurements of the diameter of the iris (iris ratio)-for the analysis of facial growth in association with age in children and sub-adults. The experimental sample consisted of digital photographs of 1000 Brazilian subjects, aged between 6 and 22 years, distributed equally by sex and divided into five specific age groups (6, 10, 14, 18, and 22 year olds ± one month)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685211/predicting-the-emergence-of-sexual-violence-in-adolescence
#4
Michele L Ybarra, Richard E Thompson
This study aims to report the epidemiology of sexual violence (SV) perpetration for both female and male youth across a broad age spectrum. Additionally, the etiology of SV perpetration is examined by identifying prior exposures that predict a first SV perpetration. Six waves of data were collected nationally online, between 2006 and 2012, from 1586 youth between 10 and 21 years of age. Five types of SV were assessed: sexual harassment, sexual assault, coercive sex, attempted rape, and rape. To identify how prior exposures may predict the emergence of SV in adolescence, parsimonious lagged multivariable logistic regression models estimated the odds of first perpetrating each of the five types of SV within the context of other variables (e...
July 7, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664609/young-australians-use-of-pornography-and-associations-with-sexual-risk-behaviours
#5
Megan S C Lim, Paul A Agius, Elise R Carrotte, Alyce M Vella, Margaret E Hellard
OBJECTIVES: Amid public health concern that rising pornography use may have a negative impact on young people's health and wellbeing, we report prevalence of pornography viewing and explore factors associated with viewing frequency and age at first viewing. METHODS: Cross-sectional online survey in a convenience sample of Victorians aged 15 to 29 years recruited via social media. RESULTS: Ever viewing pornography was reported by 815 of 941 (87%) participants...
June 29, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657997/women-s-perception-of-their-vulvar-appearance-in-a-predominantly-low-income-minority-population
#6
Christina Truong, Stephanie Amaya, Tajnoos Yazdany
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of certain predictors, such as age and media exposure, on a woman's perception of her vulva anatomy. METHODS: We recruited 346 female visitors from a county teaching hospital to complete questionnaires that determine the following: demographics, satisfaction with their vulvar appearance, whether they consider their vulvar anatomy to be normal, exposure to media (namely having had Internet access or learned about genitalia from the Internet or any type of pornography), and consideration of cosmetic vulvar surgery for themselves...
June 27, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636608/the-construct-of-sexual-openness-for-females-in-steady-intimate-relationships
#7
Diana Rausch, Arne Dekker, Martin Rettenberger
The analysis of open-minded attitudes towards sexuality in general requires a construct based on attitudinal dimensions. Although several existing studies involve sexual attitudes, they differ substantially and standardized conceptual work is missing. Thus, the authors introduce the latent variable sexual openness to develop a construct based on self-oriented attitudes towards different sexual topics. Available survey data of female German students in a steady relationship allowed providing a first empirical test for the applicability of this construct...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632461/consuming-ecstasy-representations-of-male-and-female-orgasm-in-mainstream-pornography
#8
Léa J Séguin, Carl Rodrigue, Julie Lavigne
Social representations, which appear in a variety of media, can influence the way sexual experiences are perceived and understood. While pornography is not the only medium in which orgasm is portrayed, it is the most explicit, and it is widespread and easily accessible. As such, pornography is an ideal medium for examining representations of male and female orgasm. PornHub's 50 most viewed videos of all time were viewed and coded for the frequency of male and female orgasm, orgasm-inducing sex acts (and whether activity inducing female orgasms included some form of clitoral stimulation), and auditory (verbal, vocal) and visual (bodily) indicators of orgasm...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632412/not-practicing-what-you-preach-religion-and-incongruence-between-pornography-beliefs-and-usage
#9
Samuel L Perry
Religious Americans, and conservative Protestants in particular, have historically been the most ardent opponents of pornography's production, dissemination, and use. Yet while religiously committed and theologically conservative Americans are generally less likely to view pornography than others, the difference is often not as great or consistent as one might suppose given their strong moral stance. Drawing on insights from religious incongruence theory, this study considered whether religious commitment and theological conservatism predicted a greater incongruence between what Americans say they believe about pornography morally and whether they actually watch it...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628898/-talking-about-child-sexual-abuse-would-have-helped-me-young-people-who-sexually-abused-reflect-on-preventing-harmful-sexual-behavior
#10
Gemma McKibbin, Cathy Humphreys, Bridget Hamilton
Harmful sexual behavior carried out by children and young people accounts for about half of all child sexual abuse perpetration. The aim of this study was to draw on the insights of young people who had been sexually abusive to enhance the current prevention agenda. The study involved semi-structured interviews with 14 young people and six treatment-providing workers. Sampling was purposive and the young people had previously completed a treatment program for harmful sexual behaviour in Victoria, Australia...
June 16, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597921/feasibility-of-canine-detection-of-mass-storage-devices-a-study-of-volatile-organic-compounds-emanating-from-electronic-devices-using-solid-phase-microextraction
#11
Lauryn E DeGreeff, Michelle Cerreta, Mark Rispoli
Detection of canines are well-known to be valuable in the location of contraband, such as explosives or narcotics. More recently, canines have been trained and utilized in the detection of concealed mass storage devices that might contain evidence of illegal activity such as child pornography. To lay the analytical foundation for this detection work, research was carried out to determine the volatile organic compounds associated with mass storage devices (MSD) that could be used by trained canines for detection...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546649/seeing-is-not-believing-how-viewing-pornography-shapes-the-religious-lives-of-young-americans
#12
Samuel L Perry, George M Hayward
Pornography has become increasingly accessible in the United States, and particularly for younger Americans. While some research considers how pornography use affects the sexual and psychological health of adolescents and emerging adults, sociologists have given little attention to how viewing pornography may shape young Americans' connection to key social and cultural institutions, like religion. This article examines whether viewing pornography may actually have a secularizing effect, reducing young Americans' personal religiosity over time...
June 2017: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538657/social-support-religious-involvement-and-alcohol-use-among-students-at-a-conservative-religious-university
#13
Wendy E Thompson
The misuse of alcohol among college students remains a significant public health concern in the United States. Excessive drinking among college students has been linked to numerous negative consequences, including rape, impaired academic performance, absenteeism from work and school and damaged social relations. This study examined whether religious involvement and social support played a role in reducing the frequency of alcohol use. A non-random convenience sample of 364 students from a larger study of 760 college students-18 years old and older-were recruited over a 2 month period...
May 24, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497988/till-porn-do-us-part-a-longitudinal-examination-of-pornography-use-and-divorce
#14
Samuel L Perry, Cyrus Schleifer
As pornography use becomes more commonplace in the United States, and increasingly so among younger cohorts, a growing literature is considering its potential connection to key social and cultural institutions. The current study examined the relationship between pornography use and one such institution: marriage. We drew on three-wave longitudinal data from 2006 to 2014 General Social Survey panel studies to determine whether married Americans' pornography use predicted their likelihood of divorce over time and under what social conditions...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469018/pleasure-junkies-all-around-why-it-matters-and-why-the-arts-might-be-the-answer-a-biopsychological-perspective
#15
Julia F Christensen
Today's society is pleasure seeking. We expect to obtain pleasurable experiences fast and easily. We are used to hyper-palatable foods and drinks, and we can get pornography, games and gadgets whenever we want them. THE PROBLEM: with this type of pleasure-maximizing choice behaviour we may be turning ourselves into mindless pleasure junkies, handing over our free will for the next dopamine shoot. Pleasure-only activities are fun. In excess, however, such activities might have negative effects on our biopsychological health: they provoke a change in the neural mechanisms underlying choice behaviour...
May 17, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450081/a-qualitative-study-of-what-us-parents-say-and-do-when-their-young-children-see-pornography
#16
Emily F Rothman, Jennifer Paruk, Ashlee Espensen, Jeff R Temple, Kelley Adams
OBJECTIVE: There is no empirical information about how parents react when they discover that their young children have seen pornography. To address this gap in the literature, the current study sought to improve our understanding of parental reactions to discovering that their children ages <12 years old have seen pornography using a mixed-methods approach. METHODS: A convenience sample of participants (N = 279) was recruited from the online survey service Mechanical Turk...
April 24, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448246/pornography-use-and-loneliness-a-bidirectional-recursive-model-and-pilot-investigation
#17
Mark H Butler, Samuel A Pereyra, Thomas W Draper, Nathan D Leonhardt, Kevin B Skinner
Sexuality is presumptively and observably a powerful core element of the human pair-bond relationship. Technological advances of the last half-century have made media a dominant cultural and developmental presence, including scripting sexual relationship attitudes and behavior. Theoretically and empirically, we examine loneliness as it relates to pornography use in terms of pornography's relational scripting and its addictive potential. Empirically, we examine the associative nature between pornography use and loneliness using a measurement model and two structural equation models where pornography use and loneliness are regressed on each other, respectively...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441101/male-centric-and-female-centric-pornography-consumption-relationship-with-sex-life-and-attitudes-in-young-adults
#18
Ilisha M French, Lisa Dawn Hamilton
Pornography availability has increased in recent years, and while there is plenty of speculation about its effects, empirical investigation about how porn influences our lives has yielded mixed results. Additionally, few studies have addressed the effects of specific pornography characteristics. Past research has shown that male-centric pornography can be related to negative outcomes, while female-centric pornography is related to more positive outcomes, particularly in women. The present survey study examined the relationship between pornography characteristics (male- and female-centric) and the self-reported attitudes and sexual experiences of men and women...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425691/health-implications-of-new-age-technologies
#19
Zaid Bilgrami, Laura McLaughlin, Ruth Milanaik, Andrew Adesman
New age technologies are ubiquitous in the lives of adolescents. Recent trends in media use suggest that adolescents are spending more time than ever engaging with technologies, and are able to do so in virtually all settings at any time. Given that new age technologies are so heavily integrated within the daily life of adolescents, the health risks and benefits they offer must be closely examined. In this systematic review, we present recent literature related to the implications of new age technologies on adolescent health...
April 20, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409565/can-pornography-be-addictive-an-fmri-study-of-men-seeking-treatment-for-problematic-pornography-use
#20
Mateusz Gola, Małgorzata Wordecha, Guillaume Sescousse, Michał Lew-Starowicz, Bartosz Kossowski, Marek Wypych, Scott Makeig, Marc N Potenza, Artur Marchewka
Pornography consumption is highly prevalent, particularly among young adult males. For some individuals, problematic pornography use (PPU) is a reason for seeking treatment. Despite the pervasiveness of pornography, PPU appears under-investigated, including with respect to the underlying neural mechanisms. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we examined ventral striatal responses to erotic and monetary stimuli, disentangling cue-related 'wanting' from reward-related 'liking' among 28 heterosexual males seeking treatment for PPU and 24 heterosexual males without PPU...
April 14, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
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