keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Risk assessment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334724/disparity-in-crohn-s-disease-activity-between-home-and-clinics-is-associated-with-unscheduled-hospital-visits-due-to-disease-flares
#1
Eun Soo Kim, Yoo Jin Lee, Byung Ik Jang, Kyeong Ok Kim, Eun Young Kim, Hyun Seok Lee, Seong Woo Jeon, Sang Gyu Kwak
Background/Aims: E-health technologies have been implemented for the management of Crohn's disease (CD). We aimed to identify differences between patient activities at home and at routine clinic visits using a web-based self-reporting CD symptom diary (CDSD) and to determine the impact of this disparity on clinical outcomes. Methods: Patients with CD from three tertiary hospitals were invited to assess their symptoms at least once a week using CDSD. We identified patients who showed disparities in disease activity (high activity at home but normal at the next hospital visit) and evaluated clinical outcomes of these patients such as unscheduled visits due to flares using Kaplan-Meier analyses...
January 17, 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334675/effects-of-running-retraining-on-biomechanical-factors-associated-with-lower-limb-injury
#2
Marcus D Dunn, David B Claxton, Graham Fletcher, Jonathan S Wheat, David M Binney
Injury risk is an important concern for runners; however, limited evidence exists regarding changes to injury risk following running style retraining. Biomechanical factors, such as absolute peak free moment, knee abduction impulse, peak foot eversion and foot eversion excursion, have been shown to predict lower limb injury. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of Pose running retraining on biomechanical factors associated with lower limb running injury. Twenty uninjured recreational runners were pair-matched based on their five km run time performance and randomly assigned to control (n = 10) and intervention (three 2-h Pose running retraining sessions) groups (n = 10)...
January 12, 2018: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334638/the-effectiveness-of-physical-exercise-on-cognitive-and-psychological-outcomes-in-individuals-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Dan Song, Doris S F Yu, Polly W C Li, Yang Lei
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are at high risk for developing dementia. Physical exercise is a promising intervention for cognitive decline. Systematic reviews regarding the effects of physical exercise on cognitive and psychological outcomes among MCI patients are limited, and a systematic review exploring the effects of exercise modalities on the results has not been conducted. This study evaluated the effects of physical exercise on cognitive and psychological outcomes for MCI patients and attempted to identify which specific modality of exercise is more effective...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334631/acceptability-of-intervention-materials-to-decrease-risk-for-alcohol-and-medication-interactions-among-older-adults
#4
Faika Zanjani, Hannah Allen, Nancy Schoenberg, Catherine Martin, Richard Clayton
BACKGROUND: The majority of older adults take prescription or over-the-counter medications and about half consume alcohol regularly. Despite high risk for alcohol medication interactions (AMI), few community-level interventions exist to prevent AMI. The current study assessed the acceptability of educational materials created for use in a brief intervention to prevent AMI among older adults. METHODS: Older adults from two senior centers reviewed intervention materials (poster, patient and pharmacist brochures, and public service announcement) and participated in a pre and post-test to provide feedback and to assess changes in AMI-related awareness and intentions...
December 24, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334624/adequate-vitamin-d3-skin-synthesis-versus-erythema-risk-in-the-northern-hemisphere-midlatitudes
#5
Jakub Guzikowski, Janusz Krzyścin, Agnieszka Czerwińska, Weronika Raszewska
Health-optimum-exposure index (HOEI) is proposed to assess if the prescribed amount of vitamin D3 (target value) could be synthesized in the human skin without erythema appearance. It is defined as the ratio between the vitamin D3 quantity received during the maximum allowed outdoor exposure without erythema risk and the target value. Sunbathing is safe for HOEI>1 and 1/HOEI represents a part of minimal erythema dose (MED) necessary to obtain the target value. We examine the following targets: a vitamin D3 quantity equivalent to 1000 IU vitamin D3 taken orally, and an optimal vitamin D3 quantity defined by Krzyścin et al...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334609/score-for-the-survival-probability-in-metastasis-breast-cancer-a-nomogram-based-risk-assessment-model
#6
Zhenchong Xiong, Guangzheng Deng, Xinjian Huang, Xing Li, Xinhua Xie, Jin Wang, Zeyu Shuang, Xi Wang
Purpose: Survival of metastatic breast cancer patient remains unknown and varies greatly from person to person. Thus, we aimed to construct a nomogram to quantify the survival probability of patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC). Materials and methods: We had included 793 MBC patients and calculated trends of case fatality rate by Kaplan-Meier method and joinpoint regression. 634 patients with MBC between January 2004 and July 2011 and 159 patients with MBC between August 2011 and July 2013 were assigned to training cohort and internal validation cohort, respectively...
January 2, 2018: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334564/validating-the-electronic-cardiac-arrest-risk-triage-ecart-score-for-risk-stratification-of-surgical-inpatients-in-the-postoperative-setting-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
Bartlomiej Bartkowiak, Ashley M Snyder, Andrew Benjamin, Andrew Schneider, Nicole M Twu, Matthew M Churpek, Kevin K Roggin, Dana P Edelson
OBJECTIVE: Assess the accuracy of 3 early warning scores for predicting severe adverse events in postoperative inpatients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Postoperative clinical deterioration on inpatient hospital services is associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and cost. Early warning scores have been developed to detect inpatient clinical deterioration and trigger rapid response activation, but knowledge regarding the application of early warning scores to postoperative inpatients is limited...
January 12, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334525/temporal-patterns-of-exposure-to-asbestos-and-risk-of-asbestosis-an-analysis-of-a-cohort-of-asbestos-textile-workers
#8
Andrea Farioli, Francesco S Violante, Carlo La Vecchia, Eva Negri, Claudio Pelucchi, Giovanna Spatari, Paolo Boffetta, Enrico Pira
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the risk of asbestosis death based on the temporal pattern of exposure to asbestos. METHODS: We followed up a cohort of asbestos textile workers, employed in 1946 to 1984, until November 2013. We measured the duration of the employment, the time since last employment (TSLE), the age, and the year of first employment. Hazard ratios (HR) were estimated through multivariable Cox regression models. RESULTS: We observed 51 asbestosis deaths among 1823 workers...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334505/the-association-of-chronic-air-pollutants-with-coronary-artery-spasm-vasospastic-angina-and-endothelial-dysfunction
#9
Byoung Geol Choi, Jiwon Lee, Suhng Wook Kim, Min Woo Lee, Man Jong Baek, Yang Gi Ryu, Se Yeon Choi, Jae Kyeong Byun, Ahmed Mashaly, Yoonjee Park, Won Young Jang, Woohyeun Kim, Jah Yeon Choi, Eun Jin Park, Jin Oh Na, Cheol Ung Choi, Hong Euy Lim, Eung Ju Kim, Chang Gyu Park, Hong Seog Seo, Dong Joo Oh, Seung-Woon Rha
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the effect of chronic exposure to air pollutants (APs) on coronary endothelial function and significant coronary artery spasm (CAS) as assessed by intracoronary acetylcholine (ACH) provocation test. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 6430 patients with typical or atypical chest pain who underwent intracoronary ACH provocation test were enrolled. We obtained data on APs from the Korean National Institute of Environmental Research (http://www...
January 12, 2018: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334499/cognitive-function-and-its-risk-factors-among-older-us-adults-living-at-home
#10
William Dale, Ashwin A Kotwal, Joseph W Shega, L Philip Schumm, David W Kern, Jayant M Pinto, Kelly M Pudelek, Linda J Waite, Martha K McClintock
BACKGROUND: The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) has not been administered to a representative national sample, precluding comparison of patient scores to the general population and for risk factor identification. METHODS: A validated survey-based adaptation of the MoCA (MoCA-SA) was administered to a probability sample of home-dwelling US adults aged 62 to 90, using the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (n=3129), yielding estimates of prevalence in the United States...
January 12, 2018: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334348/assessing-the-readiness-of-precision-medicine-interoperabilty-an-exploratory-study-of-the-national-institutes-of-health-genetic-testing-registry
#11
Jay G Ronquillo, Chunhua Weng, William T Lester
BACKGROUND:   Precision medicine involves three major innovations currently taking place in healthcare:  electronic health records, genomics, and big data.  A major challenge for healthcare providers, however, is understanding the readiness for practical application of initiatives like precision medicine. OBJECTIVE:   To better understand the current state and challenges of precision medicine interoperability using a national genetic testing registry as a starting point, placed in the context of established interoperability formats...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334345/arm-crank-ergometry-improves-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-and-community-mobility-independent-of-body-composition-in-high-motor-complete-spinal-cord-injury
#12
James J Bresnahan, Gary J Farkas, Jody L Clasey, James W Yates, David R Gater
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effect of aerobic exercise using arm crank ergometry (ACE) in high motor complete (ISNCSCI A/B) spinal cord injury (SCI) as primarily related to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and functional mobility and secondarily to body composition and metabolic profiles. DESIGN: Longitudinal interventional study at an academic medical center. METHODS: Ten previously untrained participants (M8/F2, Age 36.7 y ± 10.1, BMI 24...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334343/breast-milk-iodine-concentrations-and-iodine-levels-of-infants-according-to-the-iodine-status-of-the-country-of-residence-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Pantea Nazeri, Ali Kabir, Hosein Dalili, Parvin Mirmiran, Fereidoun Azizi
BACKGROUND: Iodine, an essential micronutrient, plays a critical role in normal growth and development, especially during the first two years of life. This systematic review and meta-analysis is among the first to evaluate breast-milk iodine concentrations and infant iodine status in countries characterized by iodine sufficiency or deficiency. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, and other relevant databases, as well as reference lists of previous reviews, were searched for relevant studies published between 1986 and 2016...
January 2018: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334333/are-people-at-high-risk-for-diabetes-visiting-health-facility-for-confirmation-of-diagnosis-a-population-based-study-from-rural-india
#14
Nikhil Srinivasapura Venkateshmurthy, Kathirvel Soundappan, Balaji Gummidi, Malipeddi Bhaskara Rao, Nikhil Tandon, K Srinath Reddy, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Sailesh Mohan
BACKGROUND: India is witnessing a rising burden of type 2 diabetes mellitus. India's National Programme for Prevention and Control of Diabetes, Cancer, Cardiovascular diseases and Stroke recommends population-based screening and referral to primary health centre for diagnosis confirmation and treatment initiation. However, little is known about uptake of confirmatory tests among screen positives. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the uptake of confirmatory tests and identify the reasons for not undergoing confirmation by those at high risk for developing diabetes...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334310/dendritic-polyglycerol-nanoparticles-show-charge-dependent-bio-distribution-in-early-human-placental-explants-and-reduce-hcg-secretion
#15
Herbert Juch, Liudmila Nikitina, Sabine Reimann, Martin Gauster, Gottfried Dohr, Barbara Obermayer-Pietsch, Denise Hoch, Karin Kornmueller, Rainer Haag
A thorough understanding of nanoparticle bio-distribution at the feto-maternal interface will be a prerequisite for their diagnostic or therapeutic application in women of childbearing age and for teratologic risk assessment. Therefore, the tissue interaction of biocompatible dendritic polyglycerol nanoparticles (dPG-NPs) with first- trimester human placental explants were analyzed and compared to less sophisticated trophoblast-cell based models. First-trimester human placental explants, BeWo cells and primary trophoblast cells from human term placenta were exposed to fluorescence labeled, ∼5 nm dPG-NPs, with differently charged surfaces, at concentrations of 1 µM and 10 nM, for 6 and 24 h...
January 15, 2018: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334265/prevalence-and-covariates-of-uncontrolled-hypertension-in-ischemic-stroke-survivors-the-norwegian-stroke-in-the-young-study
#16
Åshild Oftedal, Eva Gerdts, Ulrike Waje-Andreassen, Annette Fromm, Halvor Naess, Anja Linde, Sahrai Saeed
PURPOSE: Hypertension is the most important modifiable risk factor for stroke. Few data are available on control of hypertension in younger ischemic stroke survivors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We assessed clinic and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) measurements in 320 patients aged 15-60 years (mean 48 ± 10) included in the Norwegian Stroke in the Young Study during 3-months follow-up after the index stroke. Controlled hypertension was defined as ambulatory BP <130/80 mmHg...
January 15, 2018: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334231/social-capital-and-ptsd-among-plwha-in-china-the-mediating-role-of-resilience-and-internalized-stigma
#17
Mengting Gao, Chenchang Xiao, Xuan Zhang, Shiyue Li, Hong Yan
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is frequent among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Few studies have investigated social-psychological predictors of PTSD in China. This study aimed to examine relationships between social capital, stigma, resilience and PTSD among PLWHA in China, and to provide effective suggestions for PTSD intervention. A cross-sectional study of 520 PLWHA was conducted from November 2015 to January 2016. Survey data were collected using anonymous self-reported questionnaire. Multivariable analyses were used to examine related factors of PTSD, and causal mediation analyses were conducted to assess whether stigma and resilience were mediators...
January 15, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334229/physical-and-psychological-health-of-carers-of-young-people-with-first-episode-psychosis
#18
Abner Weng Cheong Poon, Jackie Curtis, Philip Ward, Celia Loneragan, Julia Lappin
OBJECTIVE: Carers of people with psychosis may experience psychological distress and caregiving burden. However, few studies have examined both psychological and physical health of carers of young people with first episode psychosis (FEP). METHOD: A total of 32 young people with FEP and 42 of their carers were recruited from a mental health service. Standardised scales were administered to assess carers' psychological distress and risk for development of Type 2 diabetes...
January 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334228/use-of-ect-in-the-presence-of-acute-bilateral-posterior-vitreous-detachmanet
#19
Tesema Taye, Letitia Dobranici, Mark Fisher, Sarah Cullum
OBJECTIVES: We describe a case of acute bilateral posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) in a 71-year-old female, which developed during a course of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) for treatment-resistant depression. The risks and benefits of continuing ECT were assessed and the patient completed the full course of 16 ECT treatments without further ophthalmic complications. CONCLUSIONS: As the incidence of PVD increases with age, and ECT is used more frequently in elderly people with depression, we recommend paying attention to ophthalmic symptoms as part of the routine clinical monitoring of ECT side effects...
January 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334199/comparison-of-cabergoline-and-quinagolide-in-prevention-of-severe-ovarian-hyperstimulation-syndrome-among-patients-undergoing-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection
#20
Robabeh Taheripanah, Mahshid Vasef, Marzieh Zamaniyan, Anahita Taheripanah
Background: The aim of the current study is to compare quinagolide with cabergoline in prevention of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) among high risk women undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized clinical trial study was performed from March 2015 to February 2017. One hundred and twenty six women undergoing ICSI who were at high risk of developing OHSS (having over 20 follicles of >12 mm), were randomized into two groups...
April 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
keyword
keyword
1199
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"