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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426912/the-association-between-inflammatory-back-pain-characteristics-and-mri-findings-in-the-spine-and-sacroiliac-joints
#1
Bodil Arnbak, Anne G Jurik, Tue S Jensen, Claus Manniche
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between MRI findings at the sacroiliac joints (SIJs) and vertebral endplates and pain characteristics assumed to be indicative of axial inflammation. METHODS: Patients aged 18-40 years with persistent low back pain referred to an outpatient spine clinic participated, including an unknown proportion of axial spondyloarthritis patients. Data included MRI of the spine and SIJs and self-reported responses to questions covering the Calin, Berlin, ASAS and Bailly inflammatory back pain (IBP) definitions...
April 20, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422854/immunohistological-analysis-of-active-sacroiliitis-in-patients-with-axial-spondyloarthritis
#2
Jianhua Peng, Yao Gong, Yuping Zhang, Danmin Wang, Zhengyu Xiao
The sacroiliac joints (SIJs) are one of the most common sites involved in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), and there are few studies on the histopathology of the SIJ in this group of patients.Mononuclear cell infiltrates in the bone marrow and fibrous tissue resembling a pannus formation were the pathological features of early sacroiliitis in our previous study. We undertook a further immunohistological evaluation of these features in patients with axSpA.Biopsy specimens from the SIJ of 6 patients with established ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and 13 patients with nonradiographic axial spondyloarthritis (nr-axSpA) were analyzed...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420081/spondyloarthritis-matrix-metalloproteinasesas-biomarkers-of-pathogenesis-and-response-to-tumor-necrosis-factor-tnf-inhibitors
#3
REVIEW
Stefania Moz, Ada Aita, Daniela Basso, Roberta Ramonda, Mario Plebani, Leonardo Punzi
The term spondyloarthritis (SpA) is used to describe a group of multifactorial chronic inflammatory diseases characterized by a predisposing genetic background and clinical manifestations typically involving the sacroiliac joint. The absence of pathognomonic clinical and/or laboratory findings generally results in a delay in diagnosis and, consequently, in treatment. In addition, 20-40% of SpA patients are non-responders to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitor therapies. Given these considerations, it is important to identify biomarkers that can facilitate the diagnosis and assessment of disease activity...
April 14, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413624/recent-advances-in-understanding-spondyloarthritis
#4
REVIEW
J S H Gaston
This review is concerned with a number of recent publications that contribute to current thinking on the pathogenesis of spondyloarthritis. The areas covered include the lymphocyte population in the enthesis, which is thought to drive enthesitis, and hence clinical manifestations. The debate on how HLA-B27 is implicated in inflammation is also considered, together with recent and contradictory evidence on the effects of the peptide-trimming enzyme ERAP1 on B27 expression and hence susceptibility to spondylitis...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413099/second-line-biologic-therapy-optimization-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-psoriatic-arthritis-and-ankylosing-spondylitis
#5
REVIEW
Fabrizio Cantini, Laura Niccoli, Carlotta Nannini, Emanuele Cassarà, Olga Kaloudi, Ennio Giulio Favalli, Andrea Becciolini, Maurizio Benucci, Francesca Li Gobbi, Serena Guiducci, Rosario Foti, Marta Mosca, Delia Goletti
OBJECTIVE: The Italian board for the TAilored BIOlogic therapy (ITABIO) reviewed the most consistent literature to indicate the best strategy for the second-line biologic choice in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), spondyloarthritis (SpA), and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: Systematic review of the literature to identify English-language articles on efficacy of second-line biologic choice in RA, PsA, and ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Data were extracted from available randomized, controlled trials, national biologic registries, national healthcare databases, post-marketing surveys, and open-label observational studies...
March 22, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412702/case-control-study-on-dactylitis-enthesitis-and-anterior-uveitis-in-spondyloarthritis-associated-with-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-role-of-coexistent-psoriasis
#6
Fabrizio Cantini, Laura Niccoli, Carlotta Nannini, Emanuele Cassarà, Olga Kaloudi, Fernando Rizzello, Paolo Gionchetti
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency of dactylitis, enthesitis, and anterior uveitis (AU) in spondyloarthritis (SpA) associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD-SpA) compared with other SpA, and to assess the role of associated psoriasis in the occurrence of dactylitis and enthesitis. METHODS: In a 12-month case-control study, the frequency of dactylitis and enthesitis in 29 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and 59 with Crohn disease (CD) who satisfied the Spondyloarthritis international Society criteria for axial or peripheral SpA was compared with 176 controls, including 97 (55...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412700/takayasu-arteritis-and-spondyloarthritis-coincidence-or-association-a-study-of-14-cases
#7
Elodie Rivière, Laurent Arnaud, Mikael Ebbo, Yannick Allanore, Pascal Claudepierre, Emmanuelle Dernis, Jean-Marc Ziza, Corinne Miceli-Richard, Peggy Philippe, Christophe Richez, Martin Soubrier, Rakiba Belkhir, Raphaèle Seror, Xavier Mariette, Stephan Pavy
OBJECTIVE: Spondyloarthritis (SpA) and Takayasu arteritis (TA) are 2 chronic inflammatory diseases; their coexistence in a single patient is uncommon. The aims of our study were to describe clinical features of patients having SpA associated with TA and to identify some characteristics of the types of patients with SpA associated with TA. We also analyzed treatments used in this context. METHODS: This French multicenter retrospective survey called for observations on behalf of the Club Rhumatismes et Inflammations, with a standardized questionnaire established by the investigators...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407841/cardiovascular-comorbidity-in-inflammatory-rheumatological-conditions
#8
Jürgen Braun, Klaus Krüger, Bernhard Manger, Matthias Schneider, Christof Specker, Hans Joachim Trappe
BACKGROUND: Approximately 1.5 million adults in Germany suffer from an inflammatory rheumatological condition. The most common among these are rheumatoid arthritis and spondyloarthritis-above all axial spondyloarthritis, including ankylosing spondylitis (Bekhterev's disease) and psoriatic arthritis. These systemic inflammatory diseases often affect the heart as well. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent articles retrieved by a selective literature search, on current European guidelines, and on the authors' clinical experience...
March 24, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405472/course-of-patients-with-juvenile-spondyloarthritis-during-4%C3%A2-years-of-observation-juvenile-part-of-gespic
#9
Anja Weiß, Kirsten Minden, Joachim Listing, Ivan Foeldvari, Joachim Sieper, Martin Rudwaleit
OBJECTIVE: To describe the course and the 4-year outcome of juvenile spondyloarthritis (jSpA). METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of jSpA and an age at onset ≤16 years were included in the German Spondyloarthritis Inception cohort (GESPIC) and followed up prospectively for 4 years. RESULTS: 118 patients (73% men, 66% HLA-B27 positive, mean age 13.5 years, mean symptom duration 2.2 years) were enrolled in 2 study centres: 52% of patients with jSpA were captured by the enthesitis-related arthritis subgroup of the International League of Associations for Rheumatology classification criteria...
2017: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399875/asas-definition-for-sacroiliitis-on-mri-in-spa-applicable-to-children
#10
Nele Herregods, Joke Dehoorne, Filip Van den Bosch, Jacob Lester Jaremko, Joke Van Vlaenderen, Rik Joos, Xenofon Baraliakos, Gaëlle Varkas, Koenraad Verstraete, Dirk Elewaut, Lennart Jans
BACKGROUND: The Assessment of Spondyloarthritis International Society (ASAS) definition for a 'positive' Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) for sacroiliitis is well studied and validated in adults, but studies about the value of this definition in children are lacking. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether the adult ASAS definition of a positive MRI of the sacroiliac joints can be applied to children with a clinical suspicion of Juvenile Spondyloarthritis (JSpA). METHODS: Two pediatric musculoskeletal radiologists blinded to clinical data independently retrospectively reviewed sacroiliac (SI) joint MRI in 109 children suspected of sacroiliitis...
April 11, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394827/fibromyalgia-a-missed-comorbidity-in-spondyloarthritis-prevalence-and-impact-on-assessment-and-treatment
#11
Philip J Mease
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Fibromyalgia is a clinical representation of the neurobiological phenomenon of central sensitization, characterized by chronic widespread pain, fatigue, sleep disturbance, and other symptoms. Fibromyalgia may occur in conjunction with chronic rheumatic diseases, driven by the effects of chronic pain and inflammation and likely influenced by the patient's genetic and psychoemotional background. This article reviews the data on prevalence of concomitant fibromyalgia and its impact on disease assessment in patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA)...
April 7, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394822/janus-kinase-signal-transducer-and-activator-of-transcription-pathways-in-spondyloarthritis
#12
Smriti K Raychaudhuri, Siba P Raychaudhuri
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cytokines are major drivers of autoimmunity, and biologic agents targeting cytokines have revolutionized the treatment of immune-mediated diseases. Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK-STAT) pathway represents a group of several intracellular molecules with a key role in signal pathways activated by growth factors and cytokines. These kinase proteins are associated with the signaling process of multiple key cytokines, which regulates various T-cell subpopulations and their effector cytokines...
April 7, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393709/profile-of-patients-with-spondyloarthritis-in-morocco
#13
Jamila Essouiri, Abourazzak Fatima Ezzahra, Kona Irene, Khoussar Ikram, Harzy Taoufik
OBJECTIVES: to describe the characteristics of our population with spondyloarthritis: diagnostic time, clinical manifestations and laboratory investigations, activity, functional impairment, severity and therapeutic management. The authors were also interested to investigate factors associated with severe disease. METHODS: A retrospective observational study, conducted in the rheumatology department at university hospital center Hassan II of Fez, analyzing the records of patients diagnosed as spondylarthritis during the period extending from January 2009 to June 2014...
April 6, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390966/il-17-and-ifn-%C3%AE-producing-nk-and-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t-cells-are-preferentially-expanded-in-synovial-fluid-of-patients-with-reactive-arthritis-and-undifferentiated-spondyloarthritis
#14
Abhra Chandra Chowdhury, Smriti Chaurasia, Shravan Kumar Mishra, Amita Aggarwal, Ramnath Misra
IL-17/1L-23 axis is important in the pathogenesis of spondyloarthropathy. Besides Th17 cells, innate cells also produce IL-17. We studied the frequencies of natural killer (NK) (total, CD56(bright), CD56(dim), perforin+and granzyme+), NK-T, and γδ-T cells. In addition, IFN-γ, IL-17 producing NK and γδ-T cells were also studied. Peripheral blood (PB) from 40 patients (38 males) and paired synovial fluid (SF) from 34 patients with ReA/uSpA and PB from 11 healthy controls (HC) were studied. Frequency of γδ-T cells was decreased (p<0...
April 5, 2017: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387855/non-radiographic-axial-spondyloarthritis-patients-without-initial-evidence-of-inflammation-may-develop-objective-inflammation-over-time
#15
Xenofon Baraliakos, Joachim Sieper, Su Chen, Aileen L Pangan, Jaclyn K Anderson
Objectives.: In patients with active axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), inflammation in the SIJ or spine on MRI, an elevated CRP level or both are considered useful objective assessments for disease activity and initiation of TNF antagonists. The aim of this post hoc analysis of the randomized, double-blind ABILITY-1 study (NCT00939003) was to assess changes in objective inflammation over time. Methods.: Patients with non-radiographic axSpA (nr-axSpA) were randomized to receive adalimumab 40 mg every other week or placebo for 12 weeks in ABILITY-1...
April 5, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387854/the-problem-in-differentiation-between-psoriatic-related-polyenthesitis-and-fibromyalgia
#16
Antonio Marchesoni, Gabriele De Marco, Mira Merashli, Frank McKenna, Ilaria Tinazzi, Helena Marzo-Ortega, Dennis G McGonagle
The recognition of the primacy of enthesitis in animal models of spondyloarthritis and the prevalence of clinically occult enthesopathy in psoriatic subjects and of persistent joint pain in PsA subjects who have ostensibly good reduction of joint swelling under biological therapy has highlighted the potential impact of polyenthesitis in psoriatic disease. In daily practice, the formal demonstration of enthesitis is challenging for the following reasons: the relatively avascular nature of enthesis, often leading to the absence of overt clinical inflammatory signs; the frequent lack of elevation of inflammatory markers; and finally, the limitations of current imaging techniques to provide supportive evidence for inflammation in these areas...
April 5, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386759/treat-to-target-in-axial-spondyloarthritis-what-are-the-issues
#17
REVIEW
Abhijeet Danve, Atul Deodhar
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: Treat to Target (T2T) strategy has been widely used in the management of chronic medical conditions, such as hypertension, diabetes, and hypothyroidism, as well as rheumatic diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis and gout. The purpose of this review is to discuss the importance, feasibility, and challenges in adopting the T2T strategy for the management of axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). RECENT FINDINGS: In 2014, a panel of international experts published recommendations for T2T in axSpA...
May 2017: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379895/current-practice-of-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-of-biopharmaceuticals-in-spondyloarthritis
#18
Frédéric Medina, Chamaida Placensia, Philippe Goupille, Gilles Paintaud, Alejandro Balsa, Denis Mulleman
Treatment of spondyloarthritis (SpA) has greatly improved in the biopharmaceutical era. These compounds, primarily tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors, are effective, but some patients may show poor response, sometimes due to the presence of anti-drug antibodies (ADAs). In some instances, clinicians may increase or taper the dose, depending on the clinical response. Besides the current clinical practice, a tailored strategy based on drug monitoring is emerging as a way to improve the use of these drugs. However, the relevance of this therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of biopharmaceuticals for SpA is still unknown...
April 4, 2017: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379663/erectile-dysfunction-in-ankylosing-spondylitis-patients
#19
Thiago Santana, Thelma Skare, Vitor Steil Delboni, Juliana Simione, Ana Paula B Campos, Renato Nisihara
BACKGROUND: Rheumatic diseases such as ankylosing spondylitis (AS) may be associated with sexual dysfunction. AIM: To study erectile function of a group of Brazilian AS patients comparing them with controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross sectional study approved by the local Committee of Ethics in Research. The questionnaire IIEF (International Index of Erectile Function) was applied to 40 AS patients and 40 healthy controls. AS patients had determination of disease activity (through BASDAI or Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease activity index), ASDAS (Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score, MASES or Maastricht Ankylosing Spondylitis Score and SPARCC or Spondyloarthritis Research Consortium of Canada), function (through BASFI or Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index and HAQ or Health Assessment Questionnaire) and BASMI (Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrological Index)...
April 6, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378098/association-of-obesity-with-patient-reported-outcomes-in-patients-with-axial-spondyloarthritis-a-cross-sectional-study-in-an-urban-asian-population
#20
Yi Xuan Lee, Yu Heng Kwan, Wan Yu Png, Ka Keat Lim, Chuen Seng Tan, Nai Lee Lui, Eng Hui Chew, Julian Thumboo, Truls Østbye, Warren Fong
To determine if obesity is associated with poorer patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), we conducted a cross-sectional study using data of the PRESPOND registry from a tertiary referral center in Singapore between 2011 and 2015. Demographics, clinical, and PRO variables were collected. Patients were divided into three categories: normal (BMI < 23 kg/m(2)), overweight (23 kg/m(2) ≤ BMI < 27.5 kg/m(2)) and obese (BMI ≥ 27.5 kg/m(2)), using Asian BMI classification...
April 4, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
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