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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944181/septal-myectomy-after-failed-septal-alcohol-ablation
#1
Eduard Quintana, Pietro Bajona, María José Arguis, Susanna Prat-González
Despite septal myectomy remaining the gold standard septal reduction therapy for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM), there has been a disproportionate use of alcohol septal ablation (ASA) worldwide. Absolute resolution of left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction with ASA is not achieved in a substantial proportion of patients. The mechanisms of failure from ASA are partially understood and described. Residual obstruction in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is associated with worse clinical outcomes and mortality...
July 2017: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943921/safety-and-feasibility-of-laparoscopic-intersphincteric-resection-for-a-lower-rectal-tumor
#2
Nobuhisa Matsuhashi, Takao Takahashi, Toshiyuki Tanahashi, Satoshi Matsui, Hisashi Imai, Yoshihiro Tanaka, Kazuya Yamaguchi, Shinji Osada, Kazuhiro Yoshida
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the short-term surgical outcomes of laparoscopic intersphincteric resection (ISR) for a lower rectal tumor in comparison with a case-control series of patients undergoing open ISR. Quality of life factors and anal function were also evaluated. Between July 2008 and April 2013, 103 patients with lower rectal cancer underwent laparoscopic surgery at the Surgical Oncology Department of Gifu University School of Medicine. A total of 25 patients with lower rectal cancer underwent ISR, and 19/25 patients who underwent laparoscopic ISR were compared with the control group of 6 patients who underwent open ISR...
October 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943515/bleeding-impacting-mortality-after-noncardiac-surgery-a-protocol-to-establish-diagnostic-criteria-estimate-prognostic-importance-and-develop-and-validate-a-prediction-guide-in-an-international-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Pavel S Roshanov, John W Eikelboom, Mark Crowther, Vikas Tandon, Flavia K Borges, Clive Kearon, Andre Lamy, Richard Whitlock, Bruce M Biccard, Wojciech Szczeklik, Gordon H Guyatt, Mohamed Panju, Jessica Spence, Amit X Garg, Michael McGillion, Tomas VanHelder, Peter A Kavsak, Justin de Beer, Mitchell Winemaker, Daniel I Sessler, Yannick Le Manach, Tej Sheth, Jehonathan H Pinthus, Lehana Thabane, Marko R I Simunovic, Ryszard Mizera, Sebastian Ribas, P J Devereaux
INTRODUCTION: Various definitions of bleeding have been used in perioperative studies without systematic assessment of the diagnostic criteria for their independent association with outcomes important to patients. Our proposed definition of bleeding impacting mortality after noncardiac surgery (BIMS) is bleeding that is independently associated with death during or within 30 days after noncardiac surgery. We describe our analysis plan to sequentially 1) establish the diagnostic criteria for BIMS, 2) estimate the independent contribution of BIMS to 30-day mortality and 3) develop and internally validate a clinical prediction guide to estimate patient-specific risk of BIMS...
August 4, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943484/endovascular-chimney-technique-for-aortic-arch-pathologies-treatment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Yue Li, Zhongzhou Hu, Jianchang Wang, Yue Zhang, Zhong Chen, Hongchao Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Endovascular chimney technique has been increasingly reported in treating aortic arch pathologies. However, there are still concerns about this technique. The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and outcome of this technique by performing a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Medline, EMBASE and Cochrane databases were systematically searched to identify studies on the management of aortic arch pathologies using chimney technique. Studies were reviewed and selected using a priori defined criteria by two independent observers who abstracted data on study characteristics, study quality and outcomes...
September 21, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939365/acute-cholecystitis-in-elderly-patients-a-case-for-early-cholecystectomy
#5
C S Loozen, B van Ramshorst, H C van Santvoort, D Boerma
BACKGROUND: Recent advances in laparoscopic techniques and perioperative care have changed the indications for surgery in elderly patients. Consequently, the willingness to offer early surgery for acute cholecystitis continues to increase. This study aims to assess the perioperative outcome of early cholecystectomy for acute calculous cholecystitis in elderly patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All consecutive patients treated by early cholecystectomy for acute calculous cholecystitis in a major teaching hospital, between January 2002 and November 2016, were retrospectively analyzed...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937460/utility-of-the-surgical-apgar-score-for-patients-who-undergo-surgery-for-spinal-metastasis
#6
Darryl Lau, Timothy J Yee, Frank La Marca, Rakesh Patel, Paul Park
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of patients who underwent surgery for spinal metastasis between 2005 and 2011. OBJECTIVE: To assess the utility of the surgical Apgar score (SAS) in patients who underwent surgery for spinal metastasis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Surgery for spinal metastasis can be associated with relatively high morbidity and mortality. Consequently, identifying patients at risk for major postoperative complications is important...
October 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937421/methylene-blue-to-treat-refractory-latex-induced-anaphylactic-shock-a-case-report
#7
Paulo Sergio Da Silva, Paula Furtado
Anaphylaxis occurs in 1/5000-1/20,000 of anesthesia cases and may evolve with shock and cardiovascular collapse in up to 54% of cases. Mortality varies from 3% to 10%. Latex is the second leading cause of anaphylaxis during the perioperative period. We report a case of latex-induced anaphylactic shock refractory to the usual catecholamine treatment that was reversed with the aid of methylene blue. Exaggerated activation of the nitric oxide-cyclic guanosine monophosphate pathway is observed in refractory shock...
September 20, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936435/impact-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-protocols-on-postoperative-morbidity-and-mortality-in-patients-undergoing-routine-hepatectomy-review-of-the-current-evidence
#8
Rahul Damania, Andrei Cocieru
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery protocols are widely used in many areas of general surgery but had a limited penetration in perioperative management of patients undergoing liver resection. Recently, multiple publications described application of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program to hepatectomy patients but their definitive role is not established or accepted by hepatobiliary surgeons. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review of published series in English language medical sources detailing ERAS program application for hepatectomy for the period of 2006-2016 is performed...
September 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935429/glycemic-control-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-clinical-features-predictors-and-outcomes
#9
Judson B Williams, Eric D Peterson, Álvaro S Albrecht, Shuang Li, Sameer A Hirji, T Ferguson, Peter K Smith, Renato D Lopes
PURPOSE: Critically ill patients with hyperglycemia have worse prognosis. The degree to which glycemic control is achieved following CABG surgery and the association with clinical outcomes is not well understood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied patients undergoing higher risk CABG surgery at 55 US hospitals. Good glycemic control was defined as 70-180mg/dL in the first 24h postoperatively. Generalized estimating equations logistic regression models were used to assess the relationship between glycemic control and clinical outcomes after adjusting for baseline characteristics...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935347/geographic-variations-in-lung-cancer-lobectomy-outcomes-the-general-thoracic-surgery-database
#10
A Laurie Shroyer, Jacquelyn A Quin, Maria V Grau-Sepulveda, Andrzej S Kosinski, Babatunde A Yerokun, John D Mitchell, Thomas V Bilfinger
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer ranks as the top cancer killer in the United States. Using The Society of Thoracic Surgeons General Thoracic Surgery Database (GTSD), the geographic variability of lung cancer lobectomy for operative mortality and major morbidity were examined. METHODS: From January 2009 to June 2015, the GTSD lung cancer lobectomy records (excluding robotic procedures) were assigned to a US Census region using hospital location. Surgeons performing fewer than seven lung cancer lobectomies per year were categorized as "low volume...
September 18, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935346/resection-of-the-tracheobronchial-bifurcation-with-complete-preservation-of-lung-parenchyma
#11
Georgios Stamatis, Sylvia Fechner, Miguel Rocha, Gerhard Weinreich
BACKGROUND: The resection of the tracheobronchial bifurcation with complete preservation of lung parenchyma remains a challenge owing to the limited indications for surgery, anesthesiologic management, operative technique, and postoperative course. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate factors influencing the perioperative course and long-term survival. METHODS: Between 1989 and 2014, 19 patients underwent a resection of the distal trachea and carina with complete preservation of lung tissue, 16 for malignant tumors (7 adenoid cystic carcinomas, 3 carcinoid tumors, 3 mucoepidermoid tumors, 2 squamous cell carcinomas, and 1 small cell carcinomas), 2 for inflammatory stenosis, and 1 after a complex traumatic rupture...
September 18, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935188/liver-transplantation-for-nash-cirrhosis-is-not-performed-at-the-expense-of-major-post-operative-morbidity
#12
Eline H van den Berg, Rianne M Douwes, Vincent E de Meijer, Tim C M A Schreuder, Hans Blokzijl
BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is an emerging indication for liver transplantation (LT) and coexists with multiple comorbidities. Obese and cirrhotic patients experience more perioperative complications. Limited data exist about short-term complications after LT for NASH cirrhosis. AIM: Investigate short-term complications in patients transplanted for NASH cirrhosis. METHODS: Single center retrospective cohort study including patients >18years who underwent LT between 2009-2015...
August 12, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933805/perioperative-administration-of-buffered-versus-non-buffered-crystalloid-intravenous-fluid-to-improve-outcomes-following-adult-surgical-procedures
#13
REVIEW
Sohail Bampoe, Peter M Odor, Ahilanandan Dushianthan, Elliott Bennett-Guerrero, Suzie Cro, Tong J Gan, Michael Pw Grocott, Michael Fm James, Michael G Mythen, Catherine Mn O'Malley, Anthony M Roche, Kathy Rowan, Edward Burdett
BACKGROUND: Perioperative fluid strategies influence clinical outcomes following major surgery. Many intravenous fluid preparations are based on simple solutions, such as normal saline, that feature an electrolyte composition that differs from that of physiological plasma. Buffered fluids have a theoretical advantage of containing a substrate that acts to maintain the body's acid-base status - typically a bicarbonate or a bicarbonate precursor such as maleate, gluconate, lactate, or acetate...
September 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932873/-interventional-catheter-treatment-of-tricuspid-valve-regurgitation
#14
REVIEW
T Wißt, F Kreidel, M Schlüter, K-H Kuck, C Frerker
BACKGROUND: The tricuspid valve can be considered the "forgotten" valve because in the past hardly any research has been conducted in this field and as a result only few therapeutic options existed. The prognosis of untreated tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is poor and mortality is high for patients with severe TR. Patients frequently return to medical practices and hospitals because of cardiac decompensation, with shortness of breath and leg edema. OBJECTIVE: Recent years have seen more development in catheter-based treatment options...
September 20, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932722/the-first-year-after-colorectal-surgery-in-the-elderly
#15
Verena N N Kornmann, Jeroen L A van Vugt, Anke B Smits, Bert van Ramshorst, Djamila Boerma
PURPOSE: Surgery for colorectal malignancy is increasingly being performed in the elderly. Little is known about the impact of complications on late mortality. This study aimed to analyze whether a complicated postoperative course affects the 1-year survival in elderly patients. METHODS: All consecutive patients older than 75 years of age who underwent colorectal cancer surgery between January 2009 and April 2013 were included in this study. The main outcome was mortality at 1 year after surgery...
August 2017: Annals of Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932552/chylothorax-after-pediatric-cardiac-surgery-complicates-short-term-but-not-long-term-outcomes-a-propensity-matched-analysis
#16
Nikoletta R Czobor, György Roth, Zsolt Prodán, Daniel J Lex, Erzsébet Sápi, László Ablonczy, Mihály Gergely, Edgar A Székely, János Gál, Andrea Székely
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of postoperative chylothorax in children with congenital heart disease is a rare and serious complication in cardiac intensive care units (ICUs). The aim of our study was to identify the perioperative characteristics, treatment options, resource utilization and long term complications of patients having chylothorax after a pediatric cardiac surgery. METHODS: Patients were retrospectively assessed for the presence of chylothorax between January 2002 and December 2012 in a tertiary national cardiac center...
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932394/feasibility-and-safety-of-single-incision-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-in-elderly-patients-a-single-institution-retrospective-case-series
#17
Masaki Wakasugi, Masahiro Tanemura, Kenta Furukawa, Mitsuyoshi Tei, Yozo Suzuki, Toru Masuzawa, Kentaro Kishi, Hiroki Akamatsu
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the feasibility and safety of single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) for uncomplicated gallbladder in elderly patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 810 patients undergoing SILC from May 2009 to October 2016 at Osaka Police Hospital was performed, and the outcomes of the patients aged < 80 years and the patients ≥ 80 years were compared. RESULTS: The median operative times of patients <80 years and patients ≥80 years were 100 min and 110 min, respectively (p = 0...
October 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932266/risk-factors-for-surgical-site-infections-in-obstetrics-a-retrospective-study-in-an-ethiopian-referral-hospital
#18
Teshager Mamo, Tilaye Workneh Abebe, Tesfaye Yitna Chichiabellu, Antehun Alemayehu Anjulo
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women are at risk of infection during labor and delivery. Infection in obstetrics accounts for the second most common cause of maternal mortality next to post partum hemorrhage. Knowing the prevalence and associated risk factors would help to undertake optimal precautions and standard surgical techniques to reduce surgical site infection which poses increased hospital cost and total hospital stay of the patients. METHOD: Facility based retrospective observational study design was carried out purposively to assess the prevalence of surgical site infections and associated risk factors among mothers who had delivery related surgery at obstetric ward of Assela teaching referral hospital from April, 23, 2015 to September 5, 2015...
2017: Patient Safety in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930958/perioperative-use-of-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-and-the-risk-of-anastomotic-failure-in-emergency-general-surgery
#19
Nadeem N Haddad, Brandon R Bruns, Toby M Enniss, David Turay, Joseph V Sakran, Alisan Fathalizadeh, Kristen Arnold, Jason S Murry, Matthew M Carrick, Matthew C Hernandez, Margaret H Lauerman, Asad J Choudhry, David S Morris, Jose J Diaz, Herb A Phelan, Martin D Zielinski
BACKGROUND: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used analgesic and anti-inflammatory adjuncts. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug administration may potentially increase the risk of postoperative gastrointestinal anastomotic failure (AF). We aim to determine if perioperative NSAID utilization influences gastrointestinal AF in emergency general surgery (EGS) patients undergoing gastrointestinal resection and anastomosis. METHODS: Post hoc analysis of a multi-institutional prospectively collected database was performed...
October 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929609/benchmarking-against-the-national-emergency-laparotomy-audit-recommendations
#20
Yiu Ming Ho, Julie Cappello, Ramin Kousary, Brian McGowan, Arkadiusz P Wysocki
BACKGROUND: The Royal College of Anaesthetists published the National Emergency Laparotomy Audit (NELA) to describe and compare inpatient care and outcomes of major emergency abdominal surgery in England and Wales in 2015 and 2016. The purpose of this article is to compare emergency abdominal surgical care and mortality in a regional hospital (Logan Hospital, Queensland, Australia) with NELA results. METHODS: Data were extracted from two databases. All deaths from May 2010 to April 2015 were reviewed and patients who had an emergency abdominal operation within 30 days of death were identified...
September 19, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
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