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Perioperative biomarkers

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624104/acute-kidney-injury-after-liver-transplantation-recent-insights-and-future-perspectives
#1
REVIEW
Jubi E de Haan, Ewout J Hoorn, Hilde R H de Geus
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common postoperative complication after liver transplantation (LT). The occurrence of postoperative AKI after LT (Post-LT AKI) is associated with inferior patient and graft outcomes. Post-LT AKI is multifactorial in origin and has been related to the severity of liver disease, pre-LT renal dysfunction, graft quality, perioperative events and toxicity of immunosuppressive therapy. Furthermore it is thought that hepatic ischaemia reperfusion injury might be a driving force in the aetiology of post-LT AKI...
April 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601568/intraoperative-serum-lactate-is-not-a-predictor-of-survival-after-glioblastoma-surgery
#2
J P Cata, S Bhavsar, K B Hagan, R Arunkumar, R Grasu, A Dang, R Carlson, B Arnold, K Popat, Ganesh Rao, Y Potylchansky, I Lipski, Sally Ratty, A T Nguyen, Thomas McHugh, L Feng, T F Rahlfs
BACKGROUND: Cancer cells can produce lactate in high concentrations. Two previous studies examined the clinical relevance of serum lactate as a biomarker in patients with brain tumors. Patients with high-grade tumors have higher serum concentrations of lactate than those with low-grade tumors. We hypothesized that serum lactic could be used of biomarker to predictor of survival in patients with glioblastoma (GB). METHODS: This was a retrospective study. Demographic, lactate concentrations and imaging data from 275 adult patients with primary GB was included in the analysis...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533693/dna-methylation-at-the-mu-1-opioid-receptor-gene-oprm1-promoter-predicts-preoperative-acute-and-chronic-postsurgical-pain-after-spine-fusion
#3
Vidya Chidambaran, Xue Zhang, Lisa J Martin, Lili Ding, Matthew T Weirauch, Kristie Geisler, Bobbie L Stubbeman, Senthilkumar Sadhasivam, Hong Ji
INTRODUCTION: The perioperative pain experience shows great interindividual variability and is difficult to predict. The mu-1 opioid receptor gene (OPRM1) is known to play an important role in opioid-pain pathways. Since deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) methylation is a potent repressor of gene expression, DNA methylation was evaluated at the OPRM1 promoter, as a predictor of preoperative, acute, and chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP). METHODS: A prospective observational cohort study was conducted in 133 adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis undergoing spine fusion under standard protocols...
2017: Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523165/plasma-levels-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-9-in-patients-undergoing-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#4
Haiqing Li, Zhize Yuan, Sen Li, Quan Qi, Jun Liu, Mi Zhou, Junfeng Cai, Anqing Chen, Zhe Wang, Xiaofeng Ye, Qiang Zhao
BACKGROUND: Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) has recently emerged as a risk predictor in patients with cardiovascular diseases. However, little is known about the significance of increased plasma MMP9 in patients with perioperative myocardial injury. We aimed to investigate the role of MMP9 in the occurrence of myocardial injury during off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB). METHODS: A total of 34 consecutive patients with coronary artery diseases (CAD) were recruited in this prospective, observational study...
April 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490464/perioperative-cox-2-and-beta-adrenergic-blockade-improves-metastatic-biomarkers-in-breast-cancer-patients-in-a-phase-ii-randomized-trial
#5
Lee Shaashua, Maytal Shabat-Simon, Rita Haldar, Pini Matzner, Oded Zmora, Moshe Shabtai, Eran Sharon, Tanir Allweis, Iris Barshack, Lucile Hayman, Jesusa M G Arevalo, Jeffrey Ma, Maya Horowitz, Steve W Cole, Shamgar Ben-Eliyahu
<br /> <p>Translational studies suggest that excess perioperative release of catecholamines and prostaglandins may facilitate metastasis and reduce disease-free survival. This trial tested the combined perioperative blockade of these pathways in breast cancer patients.</p> <br />Experimental Design: <br /> <p>In a randomized placebo-controlled biomarker trial, 38 early-stage breast cancer patients received 11 days of perioperative treatment with a beta-adrenergic antagonist (propranolol) and a cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor (etodolac), beginning five days before surgery...
May 10, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481998/minimally-invasive-heart-valve-surgery-influence-on-coagulation-and-inflammatory-response%C3%A2
#6
Domenico Paparella, Crescenzia Rotunno, Pietro Guida, Mattia Travascia, Micaela De Palo, Andrea Paradiso, Alessandro Carrozzo, Ruggero Rociola
OBJECTIVES: Minimally invasive valve surgery (MIVS) is associated with improved clinical outcome but longer cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) time. The aim of the present study is to compare inflammatory and coagulation parameters in patients undergoing minimally invasive or standard valve surgery. METHODS: A prospective non-randomized study was performed enrolling 79 patients undergoing mitral (20 right mini-thoracotomy and 18 standard sternotomy) and aortic valve (20 mini-sternotomy and 21 standard sternotomy) procedures...
May 6, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475670/randomized-trial-of-red-cell-washing-for-the-prevention-of-transfusion-associated-organ-injury-in-cardiac-surgery
#7
M J Wozniak, N Sullo, S Qureshi, W Dott, R Cardigan, M Wiltshire, T Morris, M Nath, N Bittar, S K Bhudia, T Kumar, A H Goodall, G J Murphy
Background: Experimental studies suggest that mechanical cell washing to remove pro-inflammatory components that accumulate in the supernatant of stored donor red blood cells (RBCs) might reduce inflammation and organ injury in transfused patients. Methods: Cardiac surgery patients at increased risk of large-volume RBC transfusion were eligible. Participants were randomized to receive either mechanically washed allogenic RBCs or standard care RBCs. The primary outcome was serum interleukin-8 measured at baseline and at four postsurgery time points...
May 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400133/perioperative-serum-levels-of-procalcitonin-c-reactive-protein-and-leukocytes-in-head-and-neck-free-flaps
#8
S Koerdt, N Rommel, N H Rohleder, S Sandig, G Frohwitter, T Steiner, K D Wolff, M R Kesting
Microvascular free flaps are considered to be the gold standard in reconstructive head and neck surgery. However, reduced postoperative transplant perfusion is one of the serious postoperative complications and calls for close and reliable monitoring. Procalcitonin, C-reactive protein, and leukocytes are closely associated with local and systemic inflammatory reactions and might have prognostic capacity concerning tissue necrosis. This study aimed to evaluate perioperative serum levels of these three biomarkers to assess their potential in postoperative flap monitoring...
April 8, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394869/a-longitudinal-investigation-of-inflammatory-markers-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-perioperatively-demonstrates-benefit-in-serial-remeasurement
#9
Joseph C Y Chan, Connie I Diakos, David L H Chan, Alexander Engel, Nick Pavlakis, Anthony Gill, Stephen J Clarke
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the longitudinal course of the systemic inflammatory response (SIR) throughout the perioperative period. To investigate whether postoperative changes in the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) or lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) when compared with preoperative levels ('conversion') are associated with survival differences in colorectal cancer patients undergoing resection. BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that preoperative measurements of markers of the SIR including the NLR and LMR are prognostic...
April 7, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306681/anesthesia-in-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease
#10
Torsten Baehner, Richard K Ellerkmann
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current review focuses on patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) with regard to recent trends in global demographics, healthcare provision for noncardiac surgery, as well as anesthetic and perioperative care for these patients. RECENT FINDINGS: About 40 years after milestones of surgical innovation in CHD, the number of adults with CHD (ACHD) now surpasses those of children with CHD. This development leads to the fact that even patients with complex CHD managed for noncardiac surgery are not restricted to highly specialized centers...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287739/application-of-metabolic-profiling-to-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-research
#11
Mahim I Qureshi, Michele Greco, Panagiotis A Vorkas, Elaine Holmes, Alun H Davies
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a complex disease posing diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Metabonomics may aid in the diagnosis of AAA, determination of individualized risk, discovery of therapeutic targets, and improve understanding of pathogenesis. A systematic review of the diversity and outcomes of existing AAA metabonomic research has been performed. Original research studies applying metabonomics to human aneurysmal disease are included. Seven relevant articles were identified: four studies were based on plasma/serum metabolite profiling, and three studies examined aneurysmal tissue...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284301/perioperative-acute-kidney-injury-risk-factors-and-predictive-strategies
#12
REVIEW
Charles Hobson, Rupam Ruchi, Azra Bihorac
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication in surgical patients and is associated with increases in mortality, an increased risk for chronic kidney disease and hemodialysis after discharge, and increased cost. Better understanding of the risk factors that contribute to perioperative AKI has led to improved AKI prediction and will eventually lead to improved prevention of AKI, mitigation of injury when AKI occurs, and enhanced recovery in patients who sustain AKI. The development of advanced clinical prediction scores for AKI, new imaging techniques, and novel biomarkers for early detection of AKI provides new tools toward these ends...
April 2017: Critical Care Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243161/perioperative-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-as-a-predictor-of-poor-cardiac-surgery-patient-outcomes
#13
Konstantinos Giakoumidakis, Nikolaos V Fotos, Athina Patelarou, Stavros Theologou, Mihalis Argiriou, Anastasia A Chatziefstratiou, Christina Katzilieri, Hero Brokalaki
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the association between the perioperative neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and cardiac surgery patient outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of 145 patients who underwent cardiac surgery in a tertiary hospital of Athens, Greece, from January to March 2015, was conducted. By using a structured short questionnaire, this study reviewed the electronic hospital database and the medical and nursing patient records for data collection purposes...
2017: Pragmatic and Observational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223055/plasma-monocyte-chemotactic-protein-1-is-associated-with-acute-kidney-injury-and-death-after-cardiac-operations
#14
Dennis G Moledina, Selin Isguven, Eric McArthur, Heather Thiessen-Philbrook, Amit X Garg, Michael Shlipak, Richard Whitlock, Peter A Kavsak, Steven G Coca, Chirag R Parikh
BACKGROUND: Monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1; chemokine C-C ligand-2 [CCL-2]) is upregulated in ischemia-reperfusion injury and is a promising biomarker of inflammation in cardiac operations. METHODS: We measured preoperative and postoperative plasma MCP-1 levels in adults undergoing cardiac operations to evaluate the association of perioperative MCP-1 levels with acute kidney injury (AKI) and death in Translational Research Investigating Biomarker Endpoints in AKI (TRIBE-AKI), a prospective, multicenter, observational cohort...
February 18, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220199/-novel-pharmaceutical-treatment-approaches-for-gastric-cancer
#15
F Lordick
This review article delineates novel approaches for the pharmaceutical treatment of gastric cancer. A newly developed molecular classification of gastric cancer based on histology, genetic, epigenetic and proteomic characteristics has evolved. It provides a road map for development of new drugs and combinations as well as for patient stratification in clinical research and it is expected to be introduced into clinical practice in the near future. Anti-HER2 targeted treatment is a validated strategy for treatment of metastatic gastric cancer and is now also being studied in the perioperative setting to increase response rates and ultimately survival in patients undergoing curative surgery; however, the resistance mechanisms of HER2-targeted treatment are poorly understood and optimal patient selection remains challenging...
February 20, 2017: Der Pathologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185687/circulating-tumor-cells-and-circulating-tumor-dna-what-surgical-oncologists-need-to-know
#16
REVIEW
L Cabel, C Proudhon, P Mariani, D Tzanis, G Beinse, I Bieche, J-Y Pierga, F-C Bidard
As a result of recent progress in detection techniques, circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) and circulating tumor cells (CTC) can now be accurately detected in the blood of most cancer patients. While these new biomarkers can provide a better understanding of key biological mechanisms underlying cancer growth and dissemination, they also open up a wide range of possible clinical applications in medical oncology, radiation oncology and surgical oncology. In this review, we summarize the results obtained with ctDNA and CTC together with their potential future clinical applications in the field of surgical oncology, with particular focus on the perioperative setting of various types of cancer...
May 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179349/does-rectus-sheath-block-analgesia-alter-levels-of-the-oxidative-stress-biomarker-glutathione-peroxidase-a-randomised-trial-of-patients-with-cancer-and-benign-disease
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Martin Purdy, Jari Kärkkäinen, Merja Kokki, Maarit Anttila, Samuli Aspinen, Petri Juvonen, Hannu Kokki, Kari Pulkki, Tuomo Rantanen, Matti Eskelinen
AIM: To evaluate whether the overall satisfaction, as measured by numeric rating scale (NRS), regarding rectus sheath block (RSB) analgesia is associated with the plasma glutathione peroxidase (GPX1) level. The second end-point of the study was to evaluate the differences in GPX1 levels in patients with and without RSB analgesia, with special emphasis on benign or malign disease status. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Initially, 56 patients were randomized to the placebo group (n=12) and to one of three active RSB analgesia groups: single-dose (n=16), repeated-dose (n=12) and continuous infusion (n=16) groups...
2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174389/-molecular-biology-for-surgical-treatment-of-lung-cancer
#18
Kenichi Suda, Tetsuya Mitsudomi
Progress in lung cancer research achieved during the last 10 years was summarized. These include identification of novel driver mutations and application of targeted therapies, resistance mechanisms to targeted therapies, and immunotherapy with immune checkpoint inhibitors. Molecular biology also affects the field of surgical treatment. Several molecular markers have been reported to predict benign/ malignant or stable/growing tumors, although far from clinical application. In perioperative period, there is a possibility of atrial natriuretic peptide to prevent cancer metastasis...
January 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164350/correlation-between-flow-mediated-dilatation-of-the-brachial-artery-and-serum-endothelial-biomarkers-in-the-evaluation-of-acute-endothelial-injury-after-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#19
Wei-Jian Wang, Jia-Hao Zhou, Guo-Liang He, Qiao-Lin Wu, Wei Gao, Jie-Hao Sun, Peng-Bo Zhang
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between flow-mediated dilatation of the brachial artery and serum endothelial biomarkers and to discuss the feasibility of sonographic evaluation of acute endothelial injury during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) surgery. METHODS: Sonography was applied to determine the percentage of change in the brachial artery size during flow-mediated dilatation. Meanwhile, the plasma concentrations of endothelial-derived biomarkers, such as endothelin 1, nitric oxide, and von Willebrand factor, were measured to monitor the changes in endothelial function...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153617/the-susceptibility-pathogenesis-of-moyamoya-disease
#20
REVIEW
Juntao Hu, Jie Luo, Qianxue Chen
Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a cerebrovascular disease characterized by progressive stenosis of the intracranial internal carotid arteries and their proximal branches. Epidemiologically, MMD is more prevalent in East Asia than any other region worldwide, and has been estimated at 0.94 per 100,000 in the Japanese and 0.43 per 100,000 in the Chinese population. The etiology of this rare disease, however, remains unknown. Regarding biomarkers, MMD is characterized by an increased expression of angiogenic factors and proinflammatory molecules such as vascular endothelial growth factors and matrix metalloproteinase-9, which may partly explain its clinical manifestations of the pathologic angiogenesis, spontaneous hemorrhage, and greater incidence of cerebral hyperperfusion after revascularization surgery...
May 2017: World Neurosurgery
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