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pneumonie in children

Jyotiranjan Champatiray, Jyotiranjan Satapathy, Baikunthanath Kashyap, Dipankar Mondal
Introduction: Pneumonia is a major cause of mortality under five-year-old children. In spite of recent advances in management, there is paucity of data on clinical, aetiological profile of severe and very severe pneumonia among under five-year-old children in developing countries. Aim: To determine the clinico-aetiological factors of severe and very severe pneumonia and its outcome in children aged two -months to five-years in a tertiary health care centre in Odisha, India...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Paul Simusika, Allen C Bateman, Andros Theo, Geoffrey Kwenda, Christine Mfula, Edward Chentulo, Mwaka Monze
BACKGROUND: Morbidity and mortality from respiratory infections are higher in resource-limited countries than developed countries, but limited studies have been conducted in resource-limited settings to examine pathogens from patients with acute respiratory infections. Influenza surveillance has been conducted in Zambia since 2008; however, only 4.3% of patients enrolled in 2011-2012 were positive for influenza. Therefore, we examined non-influenza respiratory pathogens in children with severe acute respiratory illness (SARI) in Zambia, to estimate the scope of disease burden and determine commonly-identified respiratory pathogens...
2015: BMC Infectious Diseases
Cristina Tecu, Maria E Mihai, Viorel I Alexandrescu, Dumitru Orăşanu, Carmen Zapucioiu, Dumitru Matei, M Craiu, Alexis Cochino
UNLABELLED: The objective of this study was to investigate the percent of infections with adenovirus (ADV) in children who had pneumonia, acute bronchiolitis or viral respiratory infections and were admitted to two pediatrics hospitals in Bucharest (Grigore Alexandrescu Hospital and Alfred Rusescu Hospital). MATERIALS AND METHODS: <AbstractText Label="SUBJECTS" NlmCategory="METHODS">70 children aged one month - five years, admitted to the above mentioned pediatrics hospitals in Bucharest, who were negative for the Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) and the human Metapneumovirus (hMPV) by Reverse Transcription -Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR)...
January 2012: Roumanian Archives of Microbiology and Immunology
Pasi Huttunen, Maija Lappalainen, Eeva Salo, Tuula Lönnqvist, Pia Jokela, Timo Hyypiä, Heikki Peltola
AIM: Except bacterial meningitis, the agents causing acute central nervous system (CNS) infections in children are disclosed in only approximately half of the cases, and even less in encephalitis. We studied the potential of modern microbiological assays to improve this poor situation. METHODS: In a prospective study during 3 years, all children attending hospital with suspected CNS infection were examined using a wide collection of microbiological tests using samples from the cerebrospinal fluid, serum, nasal swabs and stool...
August 2009: Acta Paediatrica
Agnieszka Szczepanik, Maria Kozioł-Montewka, Ewa Tuszkiewicz-Misztal, Grazyna Niedzielska, Grazyna Górnicka, Justyna Niedźwiadek, Artur Niedzielski
Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Chlamydia pneumonie are important etiological agents responsible for human respiratory tract diseases. Recently, these atypical microorganisms received much attention regarding their role in bronchial asthma pathogenesis, which is one of the most frequent chronic diseases in children. The aim of the study was to investigate the association between infections caused by these pathogens and respiratory tract diseases in children. Levels of M. pneumoniae and C. pneumoniae-specific antibodies were determined in serum samples obtained from 30 patients suffering from bronchial asthma exacerbations, 10 patients with pneumonia, 28 patients with chronic otitis media with effusion (COME) and 22 sinusitis patients...
2004: Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Skłodowska. Sectio D: Medicina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1964: Developmental Biology
V Rollan, N Sanz, M Alvarez, A Sequeiros, M Gimeno
Middle lobe syndrome (MLS) or atelectasis syndrome can affect any pulmonary lobe but occurs more frequently in the right middle lobe. Only 15 per cent of the reported cases are children. We report two cases of MLS in two boys of 4 and 12 years of age who were referred to our institution because they had suffered from recurrent pneumonies of the right middle lobe for ten months and six years respectively. We performed chest radiographs, computed tomography scanning, ventilation-perfusion scintigraphy and flexible bronchoscopy...
April 1994: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
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