keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

000

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823124/administration-of-vitamin-d%C3%A2-by-injection-or-drinking-water-alters-serum-25-hydroxycholecalciferol-concentrations-of-nursery-pigs
#1
Young Dal Jang, Jingyun Ma, Ning Lu, Jina Lim, H James Monegue, Robert L Stuart, Merlin Lindemann
Objective: Two experiments were conducted to evaluate vitamin D₃(VD₃) administration to nursery pigs by injection or in drinking water on serum 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25-OHD₃) concentrations. Methods: At weaning, 51 pigs (27 and 24 pigs in experiments 1 and 2, respectively) were allotted to VD₃ treatments. Treatments in experiment 1 were: 1) control (CON), no vitamin administration beyond that in the diet, 2) intramuscular (i.m.) injection of 40,000 IU of VD₃ at weaning, and 3) water administration, 5,493 IU of VD₃/L drinking water for 14 d postweaning...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822935/assessing-urban-population-vulnerability-and-environmental-risks-across-an-urban-area-during-heatwaves-implications-for-health-protection
#2
H L Macintyre, C Heaviside, J Taylor, R Picetti, P Symonds, X-M Cai, S Vardoulakis
Heatwaves can lead to a range of adverse impacts including increased risk of illness and mortality; the heatwave in August 2003 has been associated with ~70,000 deaths across Europe. Due to climate change, heatwaves are likely to become more intense, more frequent and last longer in the future. A number of factors may influence risks associated with heat exposure, such as population age, housing type, and location within the Urban Heat Island, and such factors may not be evenly distributed spatially across a region...
August 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822712/socioeconomic-inequality-in-childhood-obesity-and-its-determinants-in-iran-a-blinder-oaxaca-decomposition
#3
Roya Kelishadi, Mostafa Qorbani, Ramin Heshmat, Shirin Djalalinia, Ali Sheidaei, Saeid Safiri, Nastaran Hajizadeh, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Gelayol Ardalan, Hamid Asayesh, Morteza Mansourian
OBJECTIVE: Childhood obesity has become a priority health concern worldwide. Socioeconomic status (SES) is one of its main determinants. This study aimed to assess the socioeconomic inequality of obesity in children and adolescents at national and provincial levels in Iran. METHODS: This multicenter cross-sectional study was conducted in 2011-2012, as part of a national school-based surveillance program performed in 40,000 students, aged 6-18-years, from urban and rural areas of 30 provinces of Iran...
August 17, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822684/cross-reactivity-and-inhibition-myotoxic-effects-induced-by-bothrops-snake-venoms-using-specific-polyclonal-anti-bnsp7-antibodies
#4
Lamartine L Melo, Mirian M Mendes, Lívia M Alves, Thais F Isabel, Sâmela A P B Vieira, Sarah N C Gimenes, Andreimar M Soares, Veridiana M Rodrigues, Luiz F M Izidoro
Polyclonal antibodies raised in Balb-c mice against BnSP-7, a Lys-49 phospholipase A2, were used to measure cross reactivity against other snake venoms. Using ELISA, these antibodies were able to recognize PLA2s isoforms present in venoms of botropic snakes at 1:6400, 1:3200 and 1:100 ratios (w/w). These antibodies highly recognized proteins of low molecular weight (∼14,000) from crude snake venom Bp and Bm by Western Blotting. PLA2 these venoms, by alignment of primary structures demonstrated high identity with BnSP-7 PLA2, especially in the C-terminal region...
August 16, 2017: Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822551/disruption-of-staphylococcus-aureus-biofilms-using-rhamnolipid-biosurfactants
#5
S S E Silva, J W P Carvalho, C P Aires, M Nitschke
Staphylococcus aureus is an important pathogen that has shown ability to establish biofilm communities that can represent a source of contamination and resistance in food processing. Rhamnolipids (RL) have attracted attention as candidates to replace synthetic surfactants, exhibiting high surface activity combined with its microbial origin, biodegradability, and low toxicity. In this work, an RL biosurfactant was evaluated regarding its ability to disrupt or remove S. aureus biofilms established on polystyrene plates using nutrient broth and skim milk as the growth media...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822515/assessment-of-knowledge-about-healthy-heart-habits-in-urban-and-rural-population-of-punjab-after-sms-campaign-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Bishav Mohan, Sarit Sharma, Shruti Sharma, Dinesh Kaushal, Bhupinder Singh, Shibba Takkar, Naved Aslam, Abhishek Goyal, Gurpreet S Wander
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) is increasing in developing countries but the awareness regarding prevention and treatment of these diseases is still low. Therefore the present study was conducted with the aim of imparting health education regarding certain changes in lifestyle and dietary habits among general population through the use of short message service (SMS) that may lead to improved knowledge about prevention of cardiovascular diseases. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted over a period of seven months...
July 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822507/prevalence-and-incidence-of-hypertension-results-from-a-representative-cohort-of-over-16-000-adults-in-three-cities-of-south-asia
#7
Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Panniyammakal Jeemon, Shreeparna Ghosh, Roopa Shivashankar, Vamadevan S Ajay, Dimple Kondal, Ruby Gupta, Mohammed K Ali, Deepa Mohan, Viswanathan Mohan, Masood M Kadir, Nikhil Tandon, Kolli Srinath Reddy, K M Venkat Narayan
BACKGROUND: Despite high projected burden, hypertension incidence data are lacking in South Asian population. We measured hypertension prevalence and incidence in the Center for cArdio-metabolic Risk Reduction in South Asia (CARRS) adult cohort. METHODS: The CARRS Study recruited representative samples of Chennai, Delhi, and Karachi in 2010/11, and socio-demographic and risk factor data were obtained using a standard common protocol. Blood pressure (BP) was measured in the sitting position using electronic sphygmomanometer both at baseline and two year follow-up...
July 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822453/-influence-of-saccharomyces-boulardii-sachets-combined-with-bismuth-quadruple-therapy-for-initial-helicobacter-pylori-eradication
#8
X Y Zhu, J Du, J Wu, L W Zhao, X Meng, G F Liu
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Saccharomyces boulardii Sachets combined with bismuth quadruple therapy for initial Helicobacter pylori(H.pylori) eradication. Methods: From March 2014 to March 2015, 240 participants from the third hospital of Hebei medical university with H. pylori infection were recruited and randomized into three groups: Quadruple therapy group received bismuth potassium citrate 220 mg bid + Rabeprazole 10 mg bid + amoxicillin 1 000 mg bid+ furazolidone 100 mg bid for 10 days...
August 8, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822411/-effect-of-treating-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-on-chronic-cough-in-children
#9
C Pang, J Q Liang, Q L Gu
Objective: To understand the effect of treating obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) on chronic cough in children. Methods: A total of 100 consecutive children with OSAHS diagnosed by polysomnography(PSG) and chronic cough were included in this study. All children underwent cough condition assessment, OSA-18 scales and MS-IOS before and after surgery, and all children were followed-up for 3 months. Children were separated into three groups according to the severity of OSAHS. Related parameters like Zr, Rf, R5, R20, X5, X35, Rc, Rp obtained from MS-IOS, OSA-18 scores and cough scores were compared between different groups using paired t-test or Wilcoxon sum test...
August 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822164/-analysis-on-microdialysis-probe-recovery-of-baicalin-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-based-on-lc-ms-ms
#10
Teng-Fei Chen, Jian-Xun Liu, Ying Zhang, Li Lin, Wen-Ting Song, Ming-Jiang Yao
To further study the brain behavior and the pharmacokinetics of baicalin in intercellular fluid of brain, and study the recovery rate and stability of brain and blood microdialysis probe of baicalin in vitro and in vivo. The concentration of baicalin in brain and blood microdialysates was determined by LC-MS/MS and the probe recovery for baicalin was calculated. The effects of different flow rates (0.50, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0,3.0 μL•min⁻¹) on recovery in vitro were determined by incremental method and decrement method...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822067/association-between-serum-osteocalcin-and-body-mass-index-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Hamed Kord-Varkaneh, Kurosh Djafarian, Masoud Khorshidi, Sakineh Shab-Bidar
PURPOSE: Osteocalcin is considered as a bone-derived hormone affecting on the body fat distribution and body mass index. Several cross-sectional studies have investigated the association between serum osteocalcin and body mass index. The aim of this study was to summarize the evidence on the relationship between serum osteocalcin and body mass index. METHODS: We conducted a complete search up to November 2016 in PubMed and SCOPUS and reviewed reference list of all relevant articles and reviews...
August 18, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822014/functional-igf1r-variant-predicts-breast-cancer-risk-in-women-with-preeclampsia-in-california-teachers-study
#12
Mark J Powell, Julie Von Behren, Susan Neuhausen, Peggy Reynolds, Christopher C Benz
PURPOSE: Hypertension in pregnancy has been associated with decreased future risk of breast cancer in many but not all studies. In the Marin Women's Study, pregnancy-induced hypertension was shown to interact with the T allele of a functional IGF1R gene variant, rs2016347, to result in lower breast density, as well as decreased breast cancer risk. Our objective was to explore these findings in a larger sample of women from the California Teachers Study (CTS). METHODS: The CTS cohort consists of over 130,000 female educators...
August 18, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821855/fifteen-year-mortality-trends-in-poland-analysed-with-the-use-of-standard-expected-years-of-life-lost-2000-2014
#13
Małgorzata Pikala, Irena Maniecka-Bryła
The aim of the study is an evaluation of years of life lost by inhabitants of Poland according to the most important causes of mortality and identification of trends in the period 2000-2014. The study material included a database which contained information gathered from 5,601,568 death certificates of inhabitants of Poland. In order to calculate years of life lost, the SEYLLp index (Standard Expected Years of Life Lost per living person) was applied. We also calculated AAPC (Average Annual Percentage Change)...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821854/dynamics-of-hydration-water-plays-a-key-role-in-determining-the-binding-thermodynamics-of-protein-complexes
#14
Song-Ho Chong, Sihyun Ham
Interfacial waters are considered to play a crucial role in protein-protein interactions, but in what sense and why are they important? Here, using molecular dynamics simulations and statistical thermodynamic analyses, we demonstrate distinctive dynamic characteristics of the interfacial water and investigate their implications for the binding thermodynamics. We identify the presence of extraordinarily slow (~1,000 times slower than in bulk water) hydrogen-bond rearrangements in interfacial water. We rationalize the slow rearrangements by introducing the "trapping" free energies, characterizing how strongly individual hydration waters are captured by the biomolecular surface, whose magnitude is then traced back to the number of water-protein hydrogen bonds and the strong electrostatic field produced at the binding interface...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821801/experimental-study-of-rheological-properties-and-oil-displacement-efficiency-in-oilfields-for-a-synthetic-hydrophobically-modified-polymer
#15
Pengcheng Liu, Zhenbao Mu, Chao Wang, Yanling Wang
In a previous study, we developed a synthetic hydrophobically modified hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC) using bromododecane (BD), which we denote as BD-HMHEC. In this work, we continually investigate the rheological properties and its oil displacement efficiency in PuTao well area in Daqing oilfields, China. Results show that BD-HMHEC solution has good viscosification, thermal-resistance, salt-tolerance, shear resistance, and acid/alkali resistance. The storage modulus (G') and the loose modulus (G") of the BD-HMHEC solutions increase significantly with increasing BD-HMHEC concentration, and the solution becomes viscoelastic at a sufficiently high BD-HMHEC concentration...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821602/large-scale-proteomics-combined-with-transgenic-experiments-demonstrates-an-important-role-of-jasmonic-acid-nbsp-in-potassium-nbsp-deficiency-response-in-wheat-and-rice
#16
Gezi Li, Yufang Wu, Guoyu Liu, Xianghong Xiao, Pengfei Wang, Tian Gao, Mengjun Xu, Qiaoxia Han, Yonghua Wang, Tiancai Guo, Guozhang Kang
Potassium (K+) is the most abundant inorganic cation in plants, and molecular dissection of K+ deficiency has received considerable interest in order to minimize K+ fertilizer input and develop high quality K+-efficient crops. However, the molecular mechanism of plant responses to K+ deficiency is still poorly understood. In this study, two-week-old bread wheat seedlings grown hydroponically in Hoagland solution were transferred to K+-free conditions for 8 d, and their root and leaf proteome profiles were assessed using the iTRAQ proteome method...
August 18, 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821601/high-sensitivity-quantitative-proteomics-using-automated-multidimensional-nano-flow-chromatography-and-accumulated-ion-monitoring-on-quadrupole-orbitrap-linear-ion-trap-mass-spectrometer
#17
Paolo Cifani, Alex Kentsis
Quantitative proteomics using high-resolution and accuracy mass spectrometry promises to transform our understanding of biological systems and disease. Recent development of parallel reaction monitoring (PRM) using hybrid instruments substantially improved the specificity of targeted mass spectrometry. Combined with high-efficiency ion trapping, this approach also provided significant improvements in sensitivity. Here, we investigated the effects of ion isolation and accumulation on the sensitivity and quantitative accuracy of targeted proteomics using the recently developed hybrid quadrupole-Orbitrap-linear ion trap mass spectrometer...
August 18, 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821508/a-novel-income-security-intervention-to-address-poverty-in-a-primary-care-setting-a-retrospective-chart-review
#18
Marcella K Jones, Gary Bloch, Andrew D Pinto
OBJECTIVE: To examine the development and implementation of a novel income security intervention in primary care. DESIGN: A retrospective, descriptive chart review of all patients referred to the Income Security Heath Promotion service during the first year of the service (December 2013-December 2014). SETTING: A multisite interdisciplinary primary care organisation in inner city Toronto, Canada, serving over 40 000 patients. PARTICIPANTS: The study population included 181 patients (53% female, mean age 48 years) who were referred to the Income Security Health Promotion service and engaged in care...
August 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821501/perinatal-outcomes-following-helping-babies-breathe-training-and-regular-peer-peer-skills-practice-among-village-midwives-in-sudan
#19
Ame Arabi, S A Ibrahim, M Abdel-Rahman, M S Abdalla, S E Ahmed, E P Dempsey, C A Ryan
BACKGROUND: Over 80% of deliveries in Sudan occur in rural areas, attended by village midwives (VMWs). OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of Helping Babies Breathe training and regular peer-peer skills practice (HBBT(+RPPSP)) on VMW resuscitation practices and outcomes. METHODS: In a prospective community-based intervention study, 71/82 VMWs, reporting to six East Nile rural medical centres, with previous experience in community health research, consented to HBBT(+RPPSP)...
August 18, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821292/the-relationship-between-obesity-and-body-compositions-with-respect-to-the-timing-of-puberty-in-chongqing-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Fang He, Peiyu Guan, Qin Liu, Donna Crabtree, Linli Peng, Hong Wang
BACKGROUND: It is well known that excess adiposity during childhood may influence pubertal development. However, the extent to which body compositions vary in throughout puberty in boys and girls is currently unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate whether obesity and body compositions correlate with the timing of puberty in boys and girls. METHODS: By random cluster sampling, our study analyzed data from 1472 students (690 girls, 782 boys) aged 6-17 years from two schools in the Chongqing area...
August 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
keyword
keyword
119869
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"