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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340521/stable-and-controllable-synthesis-of-silver-nanowires-for-transparent-conducting-film
#1
Bitao Liu, Hengqing Yan, Shanyong Chen, Youwei Guan, Guoguo Wu, Rong Jin, Lu Li
Silver nanowires without particles are synthesized by a solvothermal method at temperature 150 °C. Silver nanowires are prepared via a reducing agent of glycerol and a capping agent of polyvinylpyrrolidone (M w  ≈ 1,300,000). Both of them can improve the purity of the as-prepared silver nanowires. With controllable shapes and sizes, silver nanowires are grown continuously up to 10-20 μm in length with 40-50 nm in diameter. To improve the yield of silver nanowires, the different concentrations of AgNO3 synthesis silver nanowires are discussed...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340301/ten-years-of-barcoding-at-the-african-centre-for-dna-barcoding
#2
Simeon Bezeng Bezeng, T Jonathan Davies, Barnabas H Daru, Ronny Mukala Kabongo, Olivier Maurin, Kowiyou Yessoufou, Herman van der Bank, Michelle Van der Bank
The African Centre for DNA Barcoding (ACDB) was established in 2005 as part of a global initiative to accurately and rapidly survey biodiversity using short DNA sequences. The mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase 1 gene (CO1) was rapidly adopted as the de facto barcode for animals. Following the evaluation of several candidate loci for plants, the Plant Working Group of the Consortium for the Barcoding of Life in 2009 recommended that the two plastid genes, rbcLa and matK, be adopted as core DNA barcodes for terrestrial plants...
March 24, 2017: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340240/osteonecrosis-splenic-calcification-sickle-cell-disease
#3
A K Pannu, A Lakshman, V Damaraju, S Jain, S C Varma
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a major public health problem. Approximately 300,000 children born annually with the disease. SCD is a chronic condition, and spleen and bone are two commonly affected organs. We recently had the opportunity of observing a girl with deformed femoral head and calcified lesions in spleen, who was initially diagnosed as disseminated tuberculosis, but later a diagnosis of SCD was made on detailed hematological investigations and advanced imaging techniques.
March 11, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340151/effect-of-excess-dietary-fluoride-on-laying-performance-and-antioxidant-capacity-of-laying-hens
#4
L P Miao, M Y Zhou, X Y Zhang, C Yuan, X Y Dong, X T Zou
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of excess dietary fluoride (F) on laying performance and antioxidant capacity of laying hens. A total of 576 laying hens, 51 wk old, was randomly divided into 6 groups, each of which included 6 replicates of 16 hens. Graded amounts of sodium fluoride (NaF) were added to the basal diet to achieve concentrations of 16 (control), 200, 400, 600, 800, and 1,000 mg/kg F, respectively. Dietary F at 1,000 mg/kg significantly decreased ADFI, laying rate, and average egg weight, and increased feed conversion ratio (FCR) (P < 0...
March 11, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340108/cigarette-smoking-and-musculoskeletal-pain-severity-among-male-and-female-afghanistan-iraq-era-veterans
#5
Kimberly T Green, Sarah M Wilson, Paul A Dennis, Jennifer J Runnals, Rebecca A Williams, Lori A Bastian, Jean C Beckham, Eric A Dedert, Harold S Kudler, Kristy Straits-Tröster, Jennifer M Gierisch, Patrick S Calhoun
Objective.:  Cigarette smoking and musculoskeletal pain are prevalent among Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care system users. These conditions frequently co-occur; however, there is limited empirical information specific to Afghanistan/Iraq era veterans. The present study sought to examine gender differences in the association between cigarette smoking and moderate to severe musculoskeletal pain in US veterans with Afghanistan/Iraq era service. Methods.:  A random sample of 5,000 veterans with service after November 11, 2001, participated in a survey assessing health care needs and barriers to care...
March 14, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340102/impact-of-unrestricted-access-to-pregabalin-on-the-use-of-opioids-and-other-cns-active-medications-a-cross-sectional-time-series-analysis
#6
Herman Kwok, Wayne Khuu, Kimberly Fernandes, Diana Martins, Mina Tadrous, Samantha Singh, David N Juurlink, Tara Gomes
Objective. : Access to pregabalin via Ontario's public drug insurance program was expanded to an unrestricted model on April 1, 2013, from a prior authorization model. This study aims to identify the effect of expanded access on the rate of pregabalin use by publicly insured persons and to assess the characteristics of new patients initiating pregabalin following this expanded access. Methods. : We conducted a cross-sectional time series analysis using the linked health administrative records of residents of Ontario, Canada, with public drug coverage who were dispensed a prescription for pregabalin between April 1, 2006, and December 31, 2014...
March 6, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340071/variable-potassium-concentrations-which-is-right-and-which-is-wrong
#7
Talent Theparee, Robert C Benirschke, Hong-Kee Lee
Reverse pseudohyperkalemia is a term used to describe in vitro, falsely elevated potassium concentrations in plasma specimens that occur in association with extreme leukocytosis and are commonly associated with hematologic malignant neoplasms. Tumor lysis syndrome is an in vivo lysis of tumor cells that leads to elevated levels of potassium, uric acid, phosphate, and lactate dehydrogenase, as well as decreased calcium concentrations. Herein, we report a case of a 66-year-old Caucasian man with stage IV mantle-cell lymphoma who has elevated levels of potassium, uric acid, and phosphorus, as well as a white blood cell (WBC) count greater than 100,000 cells per mm3...
March 6, 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340060/physician-dispensing-of-oxycodone-and-other-commonly-used-opioids-2000-2015-united-states
#8
Karin Ann Mack, Christopher McCall Jones, Roderick John McClure
Objective.:  An average of 91 people in the United States die every day from an opioid-related overdose (including prescription opioids and heroin). The direct dispensing of opioids from health care practitioner offices has been linked to opioid-related harms. The objective of this study is to describe the changing nature of the volume of this type of prescribing at the state level. Methods.:  This descriptive study examines the distribution of opioids by practitioners using 1999-2015 Automation of Reports and Consolidated Orders System data...
March 15, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340059/topic-modeling-of-smoking-and-cessation-related-posts-to-the-american-cancer-society-s-cancer-survivor-network-csn-implications-for-cessation-treatment-for-cancer-survivors-who-smoke
#9
J Lee Westmaas, Bennett McDonald, Ken Portier
Introduction: Smoking is a risk factor in at least 18 cancers, and approximately two-thirds of cancer survivors continue smoking following diagnosis. Text mining of survivors' online posts related to smoking and quitting could inform strategies to reduce smoking in this vulnerable population. Methods: We identified posts containing smoking/cessation-related keywords from the Cancer Survivors Network (CSN), an online cancer survivor community of 166,000 members and over 468,000 posts since inception...
March 15, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340021/phenamil-an-amiloride-derivative-restricts-long-bone-growth-and-alters-keeled-sternum-bone-architecture-in-growing-chickens
#10
Tara R Price, Kristin Moncada, Hector Leyva-Jimenez, Kye Won Park, Peter Tontonoz, Rosemary L Walzem
"Broiler-type" chickens are fast-grow-ing, heavy-bodied birds with high demands on bone quality. Phenamil increased mineralization in cultured murine mesenchymal stem cells. Phenamil effects were tested in 2 groups of weight and gender matched day-old broiler chickens (n = 13). Oral administration of 30 mg phenamil/kg body weight d 1 to 13 reduced growth of chicks d 5 to 14 (P = 0.002); with phenamil-treated (PT) chick body weight being 84% of vehicle-treated (VT) chicks' body weight on d 14. Tissues collected on d 15 showed that femur lengths and widths did not differ, but tibias from PT chicks were 6% shorter (P = 0...
March 3, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340013/implications-of-thoracic-epidural-analgesia-on-hospital-charges-in-rib-fracture-patients
#11
Courtney D Jensen, Jamie T Stark, Lewis E Jacobson, Jan M Powers, Kathy L Leslie, Jeffrey M Kinsella-Shaw, Michael F Joseph, Craig R Denegar
Objective.:  Rib fractures are present in more than 150,000 patients admitted to US trauma centers each year. Those who fracture two or more ribs are typically treated with oral analgesic drugs and are discharged with few complications. The cost of this care generally reflects its brevity. When a patient fractures three or more ribs, there is an elevated risk of complication. In response, treatments are often broadened and their durations prolonged; this affects cost. While health, function, and survival have been widely explored, patient billing has not...
March 7, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339796/the-identification-of-fungi-collected-from-the-ceca-of-commercial-poultry
#12
J A Byrd, D Y Caldwell, D J Nisbet
Under normal conditions, fungi are ignored unless a disease/syndrome clinical signs are reported. The scientific communities are largely unaware of the roles fungi play in normal production parameters. Numerous preharvest interventions have demonstrated that beneficial bacteria can play a role in improving productions parameters; however, most researchers have ignored the impact that fungi may have on production. The goal of the present study was to record fungi recovered from commercial broiler and layer houses during production...
February 22, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339766/higher-bioavailability-of-doxycycline-in-broiler-chickens-with-a-novel-in-feed-pharmaceutical-formulation
#13
Lilia Gutiérrez, Juan Zermeño, Yazmín Alcalá, Héctor Sumano
Bioavailability of a new, long-acting (LA) pharmaceutical preparation for administering doxycycline as in-feed medication to broiler chickens was compared to the standard in-feed administration of doxycycline. A commercial poultry house harboring Ross-308 broiler chickens, weighing 450 g, was divided into 7 sections as follows: doxy-FOLA group (n = 6,000 chickens divided into 3 replicates) medicated with 10% doxycyline, long-acting pellets at a dose of 400 g of doxycycline HCl/ton of food, resulting in a calculated dose of 48 mg/kg for 5 d; doxy-ref group (n = 6,000, divided into 3 replicates) medicated as for doxy-FOLA, but using a 20% commercial preparation of doxycycline...
February 23, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339735/triage-quality-control-is-missing-tools-a-new-observation-technique-for-ed-quality-improvement
#14
Tomi Malmström, Veli-Pekka Harjola, Paulus Torkki, Salla Kumpulainen, Raija Malmström
Objective: Correct assessment of patient urgency is critical to ensuring patient safety in emergency departments (EDs). Although significant time and effort have been devoted to developing triage systems, less attention has been paid to the development of quality control. The aim of this study is to introduce and test observation technique, which enables identifying of patient groups at risk of erroneous assessment in triage. The introduced technique is aimed to be less laborious to use than existing triage quality control methods...
February 23, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339727/rapid-decrease-in-rates-of-hospitalization-resulting-from-invasive-pneumococcal-disease-and-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-children-aged-60-months-after-13-valent-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-introduction-in-argentina
#15
Eduardo L López, Eduardo Glatstein, Gustavo C Ezcurra, Marisa Iacono, Eduardo Teplitz, Analía V Garnero, Daniela L Lazzarini, Miryan Vázquez, María M Contrini
Background.: In January 2012, Argentina included universal pneumococcal vaccination in the routine childhood vaccination program using a 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13). A 2 + 1 schedule (2 doses in the first year of life and a booster dose at 12 months of age) in children aged <2 years and 2-dose catch-up immunization in children aged 13 to 24 months was administered during the first year of vaccine introduction. The purpose of this study was to assess the burdens of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) and/or community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in hospitalized children younger than 5 years during the first 2 years of the program compared to those in the prevaccination period in our setting...
February 23, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339671/characteristics-of-donor-specific-anti-hla-antibodies-and-outcome-in-renal-transplant-patients-treated-with-a-standardized-induction-regimen
#16
Daniel Zecher, Christian Bach, Christoph Staudner, Carsten A Böger, Tobias Bergler, Bernhard Banas, Bernd M Spriewald
Background.: Pre-transplant donor-specific anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies (DSA) have been associated with antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) and early kidney allograft loss. Uncertainties remain regarding the general applicability of these findings and the optimal induction therapy in DSA-positive patients. Methods.: Pre-transplant sera from 174 patients receiving a crossmatch-negative kidney transplant were retrospectively analysed for DSA using Luminex technology...
February 18, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339670/exploring-the-variability-in-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-prevalence-a-meta-analytical-approach
#17
Carla Maldini, Katie Druce, Neil Basu, Michael P LaValley, Alfred Mahr
Background.: Surveys of Behçet's disease (BD) have shown substantial geographic variations in prevalence, but some of these differences may result from methodological inconsistencies. This meta-analysis explored the effect of geographic location and study methodology on the prevalence of BD. Methods.: We systematically searched the literature in electronic databases and by handsearching to identify population-based prevalence surveys of BD. Studies were eligible if they provided an original population-based prevalence estimate for BD with the number of prevalent cases identified in the study area...
February 17, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339643/increased-risk-of-myofascial-pain-syndrome-among-patients-with-insomnia
#18
Wei-Chen Lin, Cheng-Che Shen, Shih-Jen Tsai, Albert C Yang
Objective. : The aim of this study is to evaluate the risk of developing myofascial pain syndrome among patients diagnosed with insomnia. Methods. : We conducted a population-based longitudinal study of a matched cohort with 7,895 participants (1,579 patients with insomnia and 6,316 controls) who were selected from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. The patients were observed for a maximum of 10 years to determine the incidence of newly diagnosed myofascial pain syndrome...
February 11, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339642/meaningful-use-of-health-information-technology-and-declines-in-in-hospital-adverse-drug-events
#19
Michael F Furukawa, William D Spector, M Rhona Limcangco, William E Encinosa
Objective: Nationwide initiatives have promoted greater adoption of health information technology as a means to reduce adverse drug events (ADEs). Hospital adoption of electronic health records with Meaningful Use (MU) capabilities expected to improve medication safety has grown rapidly. However, evidence that MU capabilities are associated with declines in in-hospital ADEs is lacking. Methods: Data came from the 2010-2013 Medicare Patient Safety Monitoring System and the 2008-2013 Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS) Analytics Database...
February 16, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339625/cystatin-s-a-candidate-biomarker-for-severity-of-submandibular-gland-involvement-in-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#20
Daniela Martini, Alessia Gallo, Serena Vella, Francesca Sernissi, Antonella Cecchettini, Nicoletta Luciano, Enza Polizzi, Pier Giulio Conaldi, Marta Mosca, Chiara Baldini
Objectives.: Salivary cystatin S is a defence protein mainly produced by submandibular glands and involved in innate oral immunity. This study aimed to verify whether cystatin S was diversely expressed in different disease subsets of primary Sjogren's syndrome (pSS) patients, defined on the basis of salivary flow [unstimulated salivary flow rate (USFR)], minor salivary gland (MSG) focus score and submandibular gland ultrasonography abnormalities. We also evaluated miR-126 and miR-335-5p expression in MSG biopsies to verify whether an aberrant regulation of cystatin S at the glandular level may influence its salivary expression...
February 16, 2017: Rheumatology
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