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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450694/characteristics-of-women-with-mixed-mass-formation-after-evacuation-following-uterine-artery-chemoembolization-for-cesarean-scar-pregnancy
#1
Qiu-Lei Sun, Xiao-Hua Wu, Li Luo, De-Mei Ying, Ying Yang, Zheng-Qiong Chen
PURPOSE: To explore the efficacy of treatment for early cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) and to evaluate the characteristics of women with subsequent mixed mass formation. METHODS: Women with CSP, who received UACE followed by evacuation, were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical/sonographic characteristics in patients with or without mixed mass formation were compared. RESULTS: From a total of 395 cases, 105 cases had a pregnancy residual with mixed mass formation...
February 15, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447050/added-value-of-cerebro-placental-ratio-and-uterine-artery-doppler-at-routine-third-trimester-screening-as-a-predictor-of-sga-and-fgr-in-nonselected-pregnancies
#2
M Rial-Crestelo, R J Martinez-Portilla, A Cancemi, J Caradeux, L Fernandez, A Peguero, E Gratacos, Francesc Figueras
OBJECTIVES: To determine the added value of cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) and uterine Doppler velocimetry at third trimester scan in an unselected obstetric population to predict smallness and growth restriction. METHODS: We constructed a prospective cohort study of women with singleton pregnancies attended for routine third trimester screening (32 +0 -34 +6 weeks). Fetal biometry and fetal-maternal Doppler ultrasound examinations were performed by certified sonographers...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436718/fetal-doppler-changes-one-week-after-endoscopic-equatorial-laser-for-twin-to-twin-transfusion-syndrome-a-longitudinal-study
#3
Nicola Persico, Francesco D'Ambrosi, Isabella Fabietti, Simona Boito, Elisa Aiello, Alessandro Bulfoni, Fabrizio Ciralli, Alessandra Kustermann, Fabio Mosca, Luigi Fedele
OBJECTIVE: To investigate sequential Doppler changes in donors and recipients before and one week after endoscopic laser for twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) and to examine factors that may be associated with such changes. METHODS: In TTTS pregnancies undergoing laser treatment, we examined fetal Doppler changes before and one week post-intervention. Intrauterine death rates and preoperative factors were analysed in relation to Doppler changes. RESULTS: Among 129 (85...
February 13, 2018: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436080/fetoscopic-laser-photocoagulation-for-twin-twin-transfusion-syndrome
#4
Haruhiko Sago, Keisuke Ishii, Rika Sugibayashi, Katsusuke Ozawa, Masahiro Sumie, Seiji Wada
The aim of this study was to review fetoscopic laser photocoagulation (FLP), which ablates placental vascular anastomoses to treat twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). A review of studies reporting on the procedures, outcomes, complications and nonconventional applications of FLP for TTTS was conducted. FLP has been established as the primary treatment for monochorionic twin pregnancy associated with TTTS at 16-26 weeks. FLP is the only therapy that directly addresses the underlying pathophysiology. The recent technique modification of FLP, referred to as the 'Solomon technique', induces selective coagulation to connect the anastomoses ablation sites and has been introduced to reduce residual anastomoses...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422214/evidence-based-national-guidelines-for-the-management-of-suspected-fetal-growth-restriction-comparison-consensus-and-controversy
#5
REVIEW
Lesley M McCowan, Francesc Figueras, Ngaire H Anderson
Small for gestational age is usually defined as an infant with a birthweight <10th centile for a population or customized standard. Fetal growth restriction refers to a fetus that has failed to reach its biological growth potential because of placental dysfunction. Small-for-gestational-age babies make up 28-45% of nonanomalous stillbirths, and have a higher chance of neurodevelopmental delay, childhood and adult obesity, and metabolic disease. The majority of small-for-gestational-age babies are not recognized before birth...
February 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422212/diagnosis-and-surveillance-of-late-onset-fetal-growth-restriction
#6
REVIEW
Francesc Figueras, Javier Caradeux, Fatima Crispi, Elisenda Eixarch, Anna Peguero, Eduard Gratacos
By consensus, late fetal growth restriction is that diagnosed >32 weeks. This condition is mildly associated with a higher risk of perinatal hypoxic events and suboptimal neurodevelopment. Histologically, it is characterized by the presence of uteroplacental vascular lesions (especially infarcts), although the incidence of such lesions is lower than in preterm fetal growth restriction. Screening procedures for fetal growth restriction need to identify small babies and then differentiate between those who are healthy and those who are pathologically small...
February 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422211/outcome-in-early-onset-fetal-growth-restriction-is-best-combining-computerized-fetal-heart-rate-analysis-with-ductus-venosus-doppler-insights-from-the-trial-of-umbilical-and-fetal-flow-in-europe
#7
REVIEW
Tiziana Frusca, Tullia Todros, Christoph Lees, Caterina M Bilardo
BACKGROUND: Early-onset fetal growth restriction represents a particular dilemma in clinical management balancing the risk of iatrogenic prematurity with waiting for the fetus to gain more maturity, while being exposed to the risk of intrauterine death or the sequelae of acidosis. OBJECTIVE: The Trial of Umbilical and Fetal Flow in Europe was a European, multicenter, randomized trial aimed to determine according to which criteria delivery should be triggered in early fetal growth restriction...
February 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422209/fetal-growth-velocity-and-body-proportion-in-the-assessment-of-growth
#8
REVIEW
Liran Hiersch, Nir Melamed
Fetal growth restriction implies failure of a fetus to meet its growth potential and is associated with increased perinatal mortality and morbidity. Therefore, antenatal detection of fetal growth restriction is of major importance in an attempt to deliver improved clinical outcomes. The most commonly used approach towards screening for fetal growth restriction is by means of sonographic fetal weight estimation, to detect fetuses small for gestational age, defined by an estimated fetal weight <10th percentile for gestational age...
February 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29418032/birth-weight-differences-at-term-are-explained-by-placental-dysfunction-but-not-by-maternal-ethnicity
#9
José Morales-Roselló, Tiran Dias, Asma Khalil, Victoria Fornes-Ferrer, Ricardo Ciammella, Laura Gimenez Roca, Alfredo Perales-Marín, Basky Thilaganathan
OBJECTIVE: The main aim of this study was to investigate the influence of ethnicity, fetal gender and placental dysfunction on birth weight (BW) in term fetuses of South Asian and Caucasian origin. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 627 term pregnancies assessed in two public tertiary hospitals in Spain and Sri Lanka. All fetuses underwent a scan and Doppler examination within two weeks of delivery. The influences of fetal gender, ethnicity, gestational age (GA) at delivery, cerebroplacental ratio (CPR), maternal age, height, weight and parity on BW were evaluated by multivariable regression analysis...
February 8, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410542/utility-of-prenatal-doppler-ultrasound-to-predict-neonatal-impaired-cerebral-autoregulation
#10
Sruthi R Polavarapu, Garrett D Fitzgerald, Stephen Contag, Suma B Hoffman
OBJECTIVE: Determine if abnormal prenatal Doppler ultrasound indices are predictive of postnatal impaired cerebral autoregulation. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of 46 subjects, 240-296 weeks' gestation. Utilizing near-infrared spectroscopy and receiver-operating characteristic analysis, impaired cerebral autoregulation was defined as >16.5% time spent in a dysregulated state within 96 h of life. Normal and abnormal Doppler indices were compared for perinatal outcomes...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409368/reference-centiles-for-the-middle-cerebral-artery-and-umbilical-artery-pulsatility-index-and-cerebro-placental-ratio-from-a-low-risk-population-a-generalised-additive-model-for-location-shape-and-scale-gamlss-approach
#11
Christopher Flatley, Sailesh Kumar, Ristan M Greer
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to create reference ranges for the fetal Middle Cerebral artery Pulsatility Index (MCA PI), Umbilical Artery Pulsatility Index (UA PI) and the Cerebro-Placental Ratio (CPR) in a clearly defined low-risk cohort using the Generalised Additive Model for Location, Shape and Scale (GAMLSS) method. METHODS: Prospectively collected cross-sectional biometry and Doppler data from low-risk women attending the Mater Mother's Hospital, Maternal and Fetal Medicine Department in Brisbane, Australia between January 2010 and April 2017 were used to derive gestation specific centiles for the MCA PI, UA PI and CPR...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400112/risk-of-neonatal-care-unit-admission-in-small-for-gestational-age-fetuses-at-term-a-prediction-model-and-internal-validation
#12
Erkan Kalafat, Jose Morales-Rosello, Basky Thilaganathan, Jasreen Dhother, Asma Khalil
OBJECTIVE: Small for gestational age (SGA) fetuses are at increased risk of admission to the neonatal unit, even at term. We aimed to develop and validate a predictive model for the risk of prolonged neonatal unit admission in suspected SGA fetuses at term. METHODS: A single-center cohort study of singleton pregnancies with SGA fetus, defined as estimated fetal weight (EFW) less than the 10th centile, at term. The variables included known risk factors for neonatal unit admissions: maternal characteristics, EFW, abdominal circumference (AC), fetal Dopplers, gestational age (GA) at delivery, and intrapartum risk factors (meconium, pyrexia)...
February 4, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398806/lower-transcranial-doppler-flow-velocities-in-sickle-cell-anemia-patients-on-hydroxyurea-myth-or-fact
#13
Sawsan M Moeen, Ahmad F Thabet, Hosam A Hasan, Medhat A Saleh
Transcranial Doppler (TCD) detects stroke risk in patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA). Hydroxyurea therapy has the ability to induce increased levels of fetal hemoglobin in sickle cells thus decreasing tendency for red cell sickling. This study aimed to evaluate TCD findings in SCA patients on hydroxyurea and correlate the time-averaged mean velocity (TAMV) with their hematological parameters. Forty SCA patients of both sexes, aged 16-22 years with no history of stroke were screened with TCD for an elevated TAMV, divided into: Group T (20 patients on blood transfusion); and Group H (20 patients on daily hydroxyurea)...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397792/uterine-artery-doppler-ultrasound-in-second-pregnancy-with-previous-elective-cesarean-section
#14
Shirin Torabi, Mahdi Sheikh, Farzaneh Fattahi Masrour, Alireza A Shamshirsaz, Zhoobin H Bateni, Ahmed A Nassr, Parichehr Pooransari, Marzieh Talebian, Sedigheh Hantoushzadeh
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of previous cesarean delivery (CD) and placental location on second trimester uterine artery Doppler indices in subsequent pregnancy and to assess the predictive values of abnormal Doppler findings for adverse pregnancy outcomes in women with previous CD. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective cohort study evaluated 400 gravida two pregnant women (200 with previous none medically indicated CD and 200 with previous normal vaginal deliveries (NVD)) who were referred for second trimester fetal anatomic survey...
February 4, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392755/characteristics-of-isolated-ventricular-septal-defects-less-likely-to-close-in-utero
#15
Ann C Chau, Andrew Jones, Monique Sutherland, Christian Lilje, Stefan Sernich, Joseph Hagan, Joseph Miller
OBJECTIVES: To determine the characteristics of fetal ventricular septal defects (VSDs) that will be less likely to close prenatally. METHODS: In this 4-year retrospective cohort study, 148 fetuses had a diagnosis of a VSD during a comprehensive fetal anatomy survey. The VSD diagnosis was confirmed by color and pulsed wave Doppler studies. These fetuses were followed monthly until their birth. They had postnatal echocardiography performed within 1 month of age to assess the persistence of a VSD...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381473/low-dose-aspirin-for-preventing-fetal-growth-restriction-a-randomised-trial
#16
Anca-Daniela Stanescu, Roxana Banica, Romina-Marina Sima, Liana Ples
The purpose of this study was to investigate when in pregnancy to stop the administration of low dose aspirin (150 mg/daily) so as to prevent fetal growth restriction (FGR) A randomised, placebo-controlled study was designed. The patients were all screened positive using the Fetal Medicine Foundation (FMF) early pregnancy screening test for preeclampsia (PE) and FGR prediction. One hundred and fifty patients were enrolled and divided equally into three groups: A - the controls who received placebo treatment; B - those who received aspirin till 32 weeks of gestation and C - those who received aspirin till 36 weeks of gestation...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374502/changes-in-renal-hemodynamics-of-undernourished-fetuses-appear-earlier-than-iugr-evidences
#17
A Barbero, C Porcu, A Spezzigu, S Succu, M Dattena, M Gallus, G Molle, S Naitana, A Gonzalez-Bulnes, F Berlinguer
The present study used a sheep model of intrauterine growth restriction, combining maternal undernutrition and twinning, to determine possible markers of early damage to the fetal kidney. The occurrence of early deviations in fetal hemodynamics which may be indicative of changes in blood perfusion was assessed by Doppler ultrasonography. A total of 24 sheep divided in two groups were fed with the same standard grain-based diet but fulfilling either their daily maintenance requirements for pregnancy (control group; n=12, six singleton and six twin pregnancies) or only the 50% of such quantity (food-restricted group; n=12; four singleton and eight twin pregnancies)...
January 28, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355168/reproductive-health-and-pregnancy-in-women-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#18
REVIEW
Kate S Wiles, Catherine Nelson-Piercy, Kate Bramham
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with reduced fertility and an increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Rates of pre-eclampsia, fetal growth restriction and preterm delivery increase incrementally with the severity of CKD and proteinuria. Pre-pregnancy counselling can facilitate informed decision-making. Safe and effective contraception is required for women who wish to delay or avoid pregnancy. Pregnancy planning for women who wish to conceive involves appropriate substitution of known teratogens - including mycophenolate mofetil, angiotensin blockers and cyclophosphamide - and can aid optimization of disease control...
January 22, 2018: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353282/differential-changes-in-myocardial-performance-index-and-its-time-intervals-in-donors-and-recipients-of-twin-to-twin-transfusion-syndrome-before-and-after-laser-therapy
#19
Javier U Ortiz, Ximena Torres, Elisenda Eixarch, Mar Bennasar, Monica Cruz-Lemini, Olga Gómez, Silvia M Lobmaier, Josep M Martínez, Eduard Gratacós, Fatima Crispi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate left myocardial performance index (MPI) and time intervals in fetuses with twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) before and after laser surgery. METHODS: Fifty-one fetal pairs with TTTS and 47 uncomplicated monochorionic twin pairs were included. Left ventricular isovolumetric contraction time (ICT), ejection time (ET), and isovolumetric relaxation time (IRT) were measured using conventional Doppler. RESULTS: Recipients showed prolonged ICT (46 ± 12 vs...
January 19, 2018: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346779/predictors-of-recoverability-of-renal-function-after-pyeloplasty-in-adults-with-ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction
#20
Xiao-Dong Li, Yu-Peng Wu, Yong Wei, Shao-Hao Chen, Qing-Shui Zheng, Hai Cai, Xue-Yi Xue, Ning Xu
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify factors predicting the recoverability of renal function after pyeloplasty in adult patients with ureteropelvic junction obstruction. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 138 adults with unilateral renal obstruction-induced hydronephrosis and who underwent Anderson-Hynes dismembered pyeloplasty from January 2013 to January 2016. Hydronephrosis was classified preoperatively according to the Society for Fetal Urology (SFU) grading system...
January 18, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
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