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Grape seed oil

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117688/lipidomic-and-antioxidant-response-to-grape-seed-corn-and-coconut-oils-in-healthy-wistar-rats
#1
Abraham Wall-Medrano, Laura A de la Rosa, Alma A Vázquez-Flores, Gilberto Mercado-Mercado, Rogelio González-Arellanes, José A López-Díaz, Aarón F González-Córdova, Gustavo A González-Aguilar, Belinda Vallejo-Cordoba, Francisco J Molina-Corral
Specialty oils differ in fatty acid, phytosterol and antioxidant content, impacting their benefits for cardiovascular health. The lipid (fatty acid, phytosterol) and antioxidant (total phenolics, radical scavenging capacity) profiles of grapeseed (GSO), corn (CO) and coconut (CNO) oils and their physiological (triacylglycerides, total and HDL-cholesterol and antioxidant capacity (FRAP) in serum and fatty acid and phytosterol hepatic deposition) and genomic (HL, LCAT, ApoA-1 and SR-BP1 mRNA hepatic levels) responses after their sub-chronic intake (10% diet for 28 days) was examined in healthy albino rats...
January 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111767/effect-of-shortening-replacement-with-oleogels-on-the-rheological-and-tomographic-characteristics-of-aerated-baked-goods
#2
Jeongtaek Lim, Sungmin Jeong, JaeHwan Lee, Sungkwon Park, Jonggil Lee, Suyong Lee
BACKGROUND: A great deal of effort has been made to reduce the use of shortening due to a high level of saturated fats as well as the presence of trans fats. Grape seed oil high in unsaturated fats was structured with candelilla wax to form solid-like oleogels that were utilized as a shortening replacer in aerated baked goods, specifically muffins. RESULTS: Muffin batters with greater amounts of oleogels exhibited lower viscosity, greater shear-thinning behavior, and less elastic nature...
January 23, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990170/evaluation-of-wound-healing-properties-of-grape-seed-sesame-and-fenugreek-oils
#3
Dorsaf Moalla Rekik, Sameh Ben Khedir, Kamilia Ksouda Moalla, Naziha Grati Kammoun, Tarek Rebai, Zouheir Sahnoun
Background. Medicinal plants have proved at all times to be a powerful remedy for health care. Accordingly, grape seed, sesame, and fenugreek extracted oils with pharmacological properties are investigated as wound treatments. This study assesses the potential of our oils for healing wounds induced on rats. Methods. Phytochemical analyses of oils have involved: quality value, polyphenol, chlorophylls, carotene, and fatty acids. Antibacterial activity was carried out. Antioxidant activity was evaluated: the scavenging effect on DPPH radicals, the reducing power, and β-carotene discoloration...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987185/cloning-characterization-and-expression-analysis-of-a-gene-encoding-a-putative-lysophosphatidic-acid-acyltransferase-from-seeds-of-paeonia-rockii
#4
Qing-Yu Zhang, Li-Xin Niu, Rui Yu, Xiao-Xiao Zhang, Zhang-Zhen Bai, Ke Duan, Qing-Hua Gao, Yan-Long Zhang
Tree peony (Paeonia section Moutan DC.) is an excellent woody oil crop, and the cloning and functional analysis of genes related to fatty acid (FA) metabolism from this organism has not been reported. Lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase (LPAAT), which converts lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) to phosphatidic acid (PA), catalyzes the addition of fatty acyl moieties to the sn-2 position of the LPA glycerol backbone in triacylglycerol (TAG) biosynthesis. This project reports a putative lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase gene PrLPAAT1 isolated from Paeonia rockii...
December 16, 2016: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873332/monitoring-of-compositional-changes-during-berry-ripening-in-grape-seed-extracts-of-cv-sangiovese-vitis-vinifera-l
#5
Giuseppe Bombai, Federica Pasini, Vito Verardo, Onur Sevindik, Michele Di Foggia, Paola Tessarin, Anna Maria Bregoli, Paola Taddei, Maria Fiorenza Caboni, Adamo Domenico Rombolà
BACKGROUND: Seed oil and flours have been attracting the interest of researchers and industry, since they contain various bioactive components. We monitored the effects of ripening on lipids, flavan-3-ols, proanthocyanidins and tocols concentration in seed extracts from organically-cultivated cv. Sangiovese vines. RESULTS: Linoleic acid was the most abundant fatty acid, followed by oleic, palmitic and stearic acids. The tocols detected were α-tocopherol, α-tocotrienol and γ-tocotrienol...
November 21, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765984/characterisation-of-seed-oils-from-different-grape-cultivars-grown-in-china
#6
Xin Wen, Minghui Zhu, Rui Hu, Jinhong Zhao, Ziye Chen, Jingming Li, Yuanying Ni
To explore the potential of the large amount of grape pomace in wineries of China, oils of three Eurasian grape cultivars (Chardonnay, Merlot and Carbernet Sauvignon) and two Chinese traditional grape cultivars (Vitis amurensis and Vitis davidii), were characterised. The results showed seed oil properties differ for various grape varities. Grape seed oils were demonstrated to be good sources of polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) (63.88-77.12 %), sterols (227.99-338.83 mg/100 g oil) and tocotrienols (320...
July 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570274/in-vitro-physicochemical-phytochemical-and-functional-properties-of-fiber-rich-fractions-derived-from-by-products-of-six-fruits
#7
Sangeeta Saikia, Charu Lata Mahanta
A comparative study was done on the health promoting and functional properties of the fibers obtained as by-products from six fruits viz., pomace of carambola (Averrhoa carambola L.) and pineapple (Ananas comosus L. Merr), peels of watermelon (Citrullus lanatus), Burmese grape (Baccurea sapida Muell. Arg) and Khasi mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata Blanco), and blossom of seeded banana (Musa balbisiana, ABB). Highest yield of fiber was obtained from Burmese grape peel (BGPL, 79.94 ± 0.41 g/100 g) and seeded banana blossom (BB 77...
March 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559299/grape-seed-oil-compounds-biological-and-chemical-actions-for-health
#8
REVIEW
Juliano Garavaglia, Melissa M Markoski, Aline Oliveira, Aline Marcadenti
Grape seed oil is rich in phenolic compounds, fatty acids, and vitamins, with economic importance to pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and food industry. Its use as an edible oil has also been suggested, especially due to its pleasant sensory characteristics. Grape seed oil has beneficial properties for health that are mainly detected by in vitro studies, such as anti-inflammatory, cardioprotective, antimicrobial, and anticancer properties, and may interact with cellular and molecular pathways. These effects have been related to grape seed oil constituents, mainly tocopherol, linolenic acid, resveratrol, quercetin, procyanidins, carotenoids, and phytosterols...
2016: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451202/antioxidative-and-prooxidative-effects-in-food-lipids-and-synergism-with-%C3%AE-tocopherol-of-a%C3%A3-a%C3%A3-seed-extracts-and-grape-rachis-extracts
#9
Priscilla Siqueira Melo, Leandro de Oliveira Rodrigues Arrivetti, Severino Matias de Alencar, Leif H Skibsted
Extracts of açaí seed and of grape rachis alone or in combination with α-tocopherol were evaluated as antioxidants in (i) bulk soybean oil, (ii) soybean oil liposomes and (iii) soybean-oil/water emulsions. The extracts made with 57% aqueous ethanol showed an antioxidant activity not dependent on concentration for grape rachis extracts and a concentration-dependent prooxidative activity for açaí seed extracts in bulk soybean oil. Both the extracts, however, protected liposome suspensions and oil/water emulsions against lipid oxidation...
December 15, 2016: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27130817/modulation-of-in-vitro-rumen-biohydrogenation-by-cistus-ladanifer-tannins-compared-with-other-tannin-sources
#10
Mónica Costa, Susana P Alves, Ângelo Cabo, Olinda Guerreiro, George Stilwell, Maria T Dentinho, Rui Jb Bessa
BACKGROUND: Tannins are polyphenolic compounds able to modify the ruminal biohydrogenation (BH) of unsaturated fatty acids, but their activity may vary among different tannin sources. The effect of rockrose (Cistus ladanifer) on BH has never been compared with other more common tannin sources. Tannin extracts (100 g kg(-1) substrate dry matter) from chestnut (CH), quebracho (QB), grape seed (GS) and rockrose (CL) were incubated in vitro for 6 h with ruminal fluid using as substrate a feed containing 60 g kg(-1) of sunflower oil...
January 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27085796/hepatoprotective-effect-of-grape-seed-oil-against-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-oxidative-stress-in-liver-of-%C3%AE-irradiated-rat
#11
Amel F M Ismail, Asmaa A M Salem, Mamdouh M T Eassawy
Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) and ionizing radiation are well known environmental pollutants that generate free radicals and induce oxidative stress. The liver is the primary and major target organ responsible for the metabolism of drugs, toxic chemicals and affected by irradiation. This study investigated the effect of grape seed oil (GSO) on acute liver injury induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) in γ-irradiated rats (7Gy). CCl4-intoxicated rats exhibited an elevation of ALT, AST activities, IL-6 and TNF-α level in the serum...
July 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27012716/biochemical-production-of-bioenergy-from-agricultural-crops-and-residue-in-iran
#12
Masih Karimi Alavijeh, Soheila Yaghmaei
The present study assessed the potential for biochemical conversion of energy stored in agricultural waste and residue in Iran. The current status of agricultural residue as a source of bioenergy globally and in Iran was investigated. The total number of publications in this field from 2000 to 2014 was about 4294. Iran ranked 21st with approximately 54 published studies. A total of 87 projects have been devised globally to produce second-generation biofuel through biochemical pathways. There are currently no second-generation biorefineries in Iran and agricultural residue has no significant application...
June 2016: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26988857/medium-chain-length-polyhydroxyalkanoates-consisting-primarily-of-unsaturated-3-hydroxy-5-cis-dodecanoate-synthesized-by-newly-isolated-bacteria-using-crude-glycerol
#13
Amtiga Muangwong, Thanawat Boontip, Jittakan Pachimsawat, Suchada Chanprateep Napathorn
BACKGROUND: Our study aimed to search for novel bacteria capable of producing polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) using crude glycerol residue obtained from biodiesel production in which used cooking oils were the substrates. RESULTS: Newly isolated bacteria from soils in Thailand were screened for the efficient production of PHAs from crude glycerol. The bacterial strains were cultivated on glucose, refined glycerol, crude glycerol, or various cooking oils (canola oil, palm oil, soybean oil, sunflower oil, corn oil, grape seed oil, olive oil, rice bran oil, camellia seed oil) for growth and PHA production...
2016: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26826810/development-of-cetyl-dimethicone-based-water-in-oil-emulsion-containing-botanicals-physical-characteristics-and-stability
#14
Muhammad Khurram Waqas, Naveed Akhtar, Pervaiz Akhtar Shah, Muhammad Zeeshan Danish, Arshad Ali Shah, Valdir de Andrade Braga, Barkat Ali Khan
The aim of current research was to develop a water-in-oil emulsion containing grape seed extract for application in cosmeceuticals. Finally grinded dried grape seeds powder was extracted with hydro alcoholic mixture. Emulsions consisting of different concentrations of cetyl dimethicone (Abile EM90), the nonionic emulsifier, liquid paraffin as oily phase and water as aqueous phase were developed. Color, odor, pH, viscosity, liquefaction, phase separation, centrifugation and thermal stability of the formulated emulsions were observed at various storage temperatures i...
January 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26761836/emulsion-mapping-in-pork-meat-emulsion-systems-with-various-lipid-types-and-brown-rice-fiber
#15
Yun-Sang Choi, Young-Boong Kim, Hyun-Wook Kim, Ko-Eun Hwang, Dong-Heon Song, Tae-Jun Jeong, Jinhee Park, Cheon-Jei Kim
This study was conducted to evaluate emulsion mapping between emulsion stability and cooking yields, apparent viscosity, and hardness of reduced-fat pork emulsion systems. The reduced-fat emulsion systems were supplemented with different lipid types and brown rice bran fiber (BRF) concentrations. Compared to the control with 30% back fat, lower emulsion stability and higher cooking yield of meat emulsion systems were observed in T1 (30% back fat+1% BRF), T2 (30% back fat+2% BRF), T3 (30% back fat+3% BRF), T4 (30% back fat+6% BRF), and T15 (10% back fat+10% canola oil+2% BRF)...
2015: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26761810/effect-of-replacing-pork-fat-with-vegetable-oils-on-quality-properties-of-emulsion-type-pork-sausages
#16
Hyun-Jin Lee, Eun-Hee Jung, Sang-Hwa Lee, Jong-Hee Kim, Jae-Joon Lee, Yang-Ii Choi
This study was conducted to evaluate the quality properties of emulsion-type pork sausages when pork fat is replaced with vegetable oil mixtures during processing. Pork sausages were processed under six treatment conditions: T1 (20% pork fat), T2 (10% pork fat + 2% grape seed oil + 4% olive oil + 4% canola oil), T3 (4% grape seed oil + 16% canola oil), T4 (4% grape seed oil + 4% olive oil + 12% canola oil), T5 (4% grape seed oil + 8% olive oil + 8% canola oil), and T6 (4% grape seed oil + 12% olive oil + 4% canola oil)...
2015: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26574624/effect-of-grape-seed-proanthocyanidin-gelatin-colloidal-complexes-on-stability-and-in-vitro-digestion-of-fish-oil-emulsions
#17
Yu-Ru Su, Yi-Chin Tsai, Chun-Hua Hsu, An-Chong Chao, Cheng-Wei Lin, Min-Lang Tsai, Fwu-Long Mi
The colloidal complexes composed of grape seed proanthocyanidin (GSP) and gelatin (GLT), as natural antioxidants to improve stability and inhibit lipid oxidation in menhaden fish oil emulsions, were evaluated. The interactions between GSP and GLT, and the chemical structures of GSP/GLT self-assembled colloidal complexes, were characterized by isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), circular dichroism (CD), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic (FTIR) studies. Fish oil was emulsified with GLT to obtain an oil-in-water (o/w) emulsion...
November 25, 2015: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26565552/levels-of-bioactive-lipids-in-cooking-oils-olive-oil-is-the-richest-source-of-oleoyl-serine
#18
Heather B Bradshaw, Emma Leishman
BACKGROUND: Rates of osteoporosis are significantly lower in regions of the world where olive oil consumption is a dietary cornerstone. Olive oil may represent a source of oleoyl serine (OS), which showed efficacy in animal models of osteoporosis. Here, we tested the hypothesis that OS as well as structurally analogous N-acyl amide and 2-acyl glycerol lipids are present in the following cooking oils: olive, walnut, canola, high heat canola, peanut, safflower, sesame, toasted sesame, grape seed, and smart balance omega...
May 1, 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26526454/engineering-rhodosporidium-toruloides-with-a-membrane-transporter-facilitates-production-and-separation-of-carotenoids-and-lipids-in-a-bi-phasic-culture
#19
Jaslyn J L Lee, Liwei Chen, Bin Cao, Wei Ning Chen
The oleaginous yeast Rhodosporidium toruloides has great biotechnological potential. It accumulates a high amount of lipids which can be used for biofuels and also produces carotenoids which are valuable in the food and pharmaceutical industry. However, the location of these two hydrophobic products in the cell membrane prohibits its efficient harvesting and separation. Here, the transporter Pdr10 was engineered into R. toruloides and cultured in two-phase media containing oil. This enabled the production and in situ export of carotenoids into the oil and concurrent separation from intracellular lipids in the cells...
January 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26513383/protective-mechanism-of-grape-seed-oil-on-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-brain-damage-in-%C3%AE-irradiated-rats
#20
Amel F M Ismail, Fatma S M Moawed, Marwa Abdelhameed Mohamed
This study investigated the possible beneficial effects of grape seed oil (GSO) on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced acute neurotoxicity in γ-irradiated rats. A statistical significant decrease in superoxide-dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione-peroxidase (GPx) activities and reduced glutathione (GSH) content were exhibited. Further, a significant elevation in malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and transforming growth factor-beta-1 (TGF-β1) levels was observed...
December 2015: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
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