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immigrant disparities inequalities

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796150/high-burden-of-atopy-in-immigrant-families-in-substandard-apartments-in-sweden-on-the-contribution-of-bad-housing-to-poor-health-in-vulnerable-populations
#1
Jens Christian Richter, Kristina Jakobsson, Tahir Taj, Anna Oudin
Background: Atopic disorders are a global concern. Studies in migrant populations can illuminate the interplay of genetic and environmental factors. Exposures related to bad housing (indoor dampness, mould growth, crowding etc.) are likely to play a role in how socioeconomic inequalities can turn into health disparities for disadvantaged populations. The sizable immigrant population living in very poor-quality housing in Malmö, Sweden, became the focus of a cross-sectional study. Objective: To describe atopic disorders and sensitizations in a population living in substandard housing in Malmö, Sweden, with an emphasis on their relation to harmful exposures from the built environment...
2018: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726691/chronic-health-disparities-among-refugee-and-immigrant-children-in-canada
#2
Ginny Lane, Marwa Farag, Judy White, Christine Nisbet, Hassan Vatanparast
There are knowledge gaps related to understanding the development of chronic disease risks in children, especially with regards to risk differentials experienced by immigrants and refugees. The Healthy Immigrant Children study employed a mixed-methods cross-sectional study design to characterize the health and nutritional status of 300 immigrant and refugee children aged 3-13 who had been in Canada for less than five years. We collected quantitative data on socio-economic status, food security, physical activity, diet, bone and body composition, and anthropometric measurements...
May 4, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499852/short-and-long-term-prognosis-following-acute-myocardial-infarction-according-to-the-country-of-origin-soroka-acute-myocardial-infarction-ii-sami-ii-project
#3
Rachel Shvartsur, Arthur Shiyovich, Harel Gilutz, Abed N Azab, Ygal Plakht
BACKGROUND: Reports from many countries have shown birthplace-associated disparities in the incidence and mortality following acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The aims of the study were to identify and compare short- and long-term post-AMI mortality according to birthplace. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of Israeli AMI patients from a tertiary medical center in Southern Israel throughout 2002-2012. DATA SOURCE: the hospital's computerized systems...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455566/-he-supported-me-100-mexican-immigrant-fathers-daughters-and-adolescent-sexual-health
#4
Kate Coleman-Minahan, Goleen Samari
OBJECTIVE: First and second generation Mexican-origin adolescents in the U.S. face social and economic disadvantage and sexual health disparities. Although fathers can support child and adolescent development, the literature has portrayed Mexican-origin immigrant fathers as emotionally distant and sexist. This study aims to treat migration as a social determinant of health to examine father-daughter relationships and adolescent sexual health in Mexican-origin immigrant families. METHODS: Integrating qualitative data from life history interviews with 21 Mexican-origin young women in immigrant families with quantitative data on first and second generation Mexican-origin young women in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, this study describes father-daughter relationships, examines the association between father-daughter relationships and daughters' early sexual initiation, and considers the impact of migration on the father-daughter relationship and sexual health among Mexican-origin young women...
February 19, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427688/asset-based-community-development-as-a-strategy-for-developing-local-global-health-curricula
#5
Sarah Webber, Sabrina M Butteris, Laura Houser, Karen Coller, Ryan J Coller
BACKGROUND: A significant and growing proportion of US children have immigrant parents, an issue of increasing importance to pediatricians. Training globally minded pediatric residents to address health inequities related to globalization is an important reason to expand educational strategies around local global health (LGH). METHODS: We developed a curriculum in the pediatric global health residency track at the University of Wisconsin in an effort to address gaps in LGH education and to increase resident knowledge about local health disparities for global community members...
February 7, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374977/navigating-the-health-care-system-in-community-perspectives-from-asian-immigrant-parents-of-children-with-special-health-care-needs
#6
Esther Son, Nechama Sammet Moring, Leah Igdalsky, Susan L Parish
Children with special health-care needs (CSHCNs) face notable barriers to health-care access and to receiving quality and family-centered care, despite higher health-care utilization rates. Within the population of CSHCNs, there are significant inequities in health-care quality impacting immigrants who have migrated to the United States. However, little is known about the experiences and needs of Asian immigrant families who have CSHCNs. This study aimed to explore how Asian immigrant parents of CSHCNs view their child's health-care access, quality, and utilization...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172580/apa-efforts-in-promoting-human-rights-and-social-justice
#7
Frederick T L Leong, Wade E Pickren, Melba J T Vasquez
This article reviews the American Psychological Association's (APA) efforts in promoting human rights and social justice. Beginning with a historical review of the conceptualizations of human rights and social justice, the social challenges that have faced the United States over time are discussed in relation to the APA's evolving mission and strategic initiatives enacted through its boards, committees, and directorates. From early efforts on the Board for Social and Ethical Responsibility in Psychology and the Board of Ethnic Minority Affairs to the establishment of the Public Interest Directorate, the APA's efforts to address these human rights and social justice challenges through its task force reports, guidelines, and policies are described...
November 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101516/developing-a-research-agenda-on-the-political-economy-of-immigrants-oral-health
#8
Paola Calvasina, Denise Gastaldo, Carlos Quiñonez, Carles Muntaner
Acculturation has been widely used in health research to explain oral health disparities between immigrants and their native born counterparts. However, immigrants' oral health studies have not clearly defined the acculturation construct. Also, a narrow focus on cultural oral health behaviours is likely to be inadequate for explaining immigrants' oral health inequities, which are also rooted in societal, political and economic factors produced across the globe. In this brief report, we discuss the use of the acculturation framework in the dental public health literature, note gaps in this approach, and argue for the need to incorporate the political economy lens to help better understand the complexities of immigrants' oral health...
June 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093048/digital-inequality-and-developmental-trajectories-of-low-income-immigrant-and-minority-children
#9
REVIEW
Vikki S Katz, Carmen Gonzalez, Kevin Clark
Children growing up in the United States today are more ethnically and racially diverse than at any time in the nation's history. Because of rising income inequality, almost half of the 72 million children in the United States are also growing up in low-income families, with immigrant and children of color disproportionately likely to be within their ranks. Children in low-income households are more likely to face a number of social challenges, including constrained access to the Internet and devices that connect to it (ie, digital inequality), which can exacerbate other, more entrenched disparities between them and their more privileged counterparts...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667791/a-matter-of-perception-perceived-socio-economic-status-and-cortisol-on-the-island-of-utila-honduras
#10
Angela R García, Michael Gurven, Aaron D Blackwell
OBJECTIVES: Numerous studies link low objective and subjective socioeconomic status (SES) to chronic activation of the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis. Here, we examine associations between objective and subjective SES and diurnal salivary cortisol, a primary HPA component, as well as demographic and ecological predictors associated with SES perceptions and changes in diurnal cortisol. METHODS: Participants were residents (age 18-79, n = 61) of Utila, a Honduran island where economic disparities are overt and geographically contained...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626067/the-impact-of-a-population-based-screening-program-on-income-and-immigration-related-disparities-in-colorectal-cancer-screening
#11
Tara Kiran, Richard H Glazier, Rahim Moineddin, Sumei Gu, Andrew S Wilton, Lawrence Paszat
Background: A population-based program promoting the Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT) for colorectal cancer screening was introduced in 2008 in Ontario, Canada, where opportunistic screening with colonoscopy had been increasing in frequency. We evaluated the impact of the program on income and immigration-related disparities in screening. Methods: We used linked administrative data to calculate colorectal cancer screening rates for eligible Ontarians in each year between 2001/02 ( n = 2,852,619) and 2013/14 ( n = 4,139,304)...
September 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604178/determinants-of-inequality-in-the-up-to-date-fully-immunization-coverage-among-children-aged-24-35-months-evidence-from-zhejiang-province-east-china
#12
Yu Hu, Ying Wang, Yaping Chen, Qian Li
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the degree and determinants of inequality in up-to-date fully immunization (UTDFI) coverage among children of Zhejiang province, east China. METHOD: We used data from the Zhejiang provincial vaccination coverage survey of 2014 and the health outcome was the UTDFI status among children aged 24-35 months. The household income per month was used as an index of socio-economic status for the inequality analysis. The concentration index (CI) was used to quantify the degree of inequality and the decomposition approach was applied to quantify the contributions from demographic factors to inequality in UTDFI coverage...
August 3, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417507/understanding-the-roots-of-health-inequalities-requires-new-methods
#13
S Walker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359580/racialized-legal-status-as-a-social-determinant-of-health
#14
Asad L Asad, Matthew Clair
This article advances the concept of racialized legal status (RLS) as an overlooked dimension of social stratification with implications for racial/ethnic health disparities. We define RLS as a social position based on an ostensibly race-neutral legal classification that disproportionately impacts racial/ethnic minorities. To illustrate the implications of RLS for health and health disparities in the United States, we spotlight existing research on two cases: criminal status and immigration status. We offer a conceptual framework that outlines how RLS shapes disparities through (1) primary effects on those who hold a legal status and (2) spillover effects on racial/ethnic in-group members, regardless of these individuals' own legal status...
February 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324794/the-socio-political-context-of-migration-and-reproductive-health-disparities-the-case-of-early-sexual-initiation-among-mexican-origin-immigrant-young-women
#15
Kate Coleman-Minahan
Prior research often explains the lower risk of early sexual initiation among foreign-born Mexican-origin young women by a patriarchal and sexually conservative "traditional Latino culture." This definition overlooks structural factors such as exploitation of migrant workers, and conflates gender inequality and sexual expectations. I use an intersectional framework and the theory of gender and power to explore how gender inequality and sexual expectations are both influenced by structural factors and affect reproductive health outcomes...
May 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289039/socioeconomic-gradients-in-all-cause-premature-and-avoidable-mortality-among-immigrants-and-long-term-residents-using-linked-death-records-in-ontario-canada
#16
Anam M Khan, Marcelo Urquia, Kathy Kornas, David Henry, Stephanie Y Cheng, Catherine Bornbaum, Laura C Rosella
BACKGROUND: Immigrants have been shown to possess a health advantage, yet are also more likely to reside in arduous economic conditions. Little is known about if and how the socioeconomic gradient for all-cause, premature and avoidable mortality differs according to immigration status. METHODS: Using several linked population-based vital and demographic databases from Ontario, we examined a cohort of all deaths in the province between 2002 and 2012. We constructed count models, adjusted for relevant covariates, to attain age-adjusted mortality rates and rate ratios for all-cause, premature and avoidable mortality across income quintile in immigrants and long-term residents, stratified by sex...
July 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282529/evidence-of-socio-economic-stress-and-female-foeticide-in-racial-disparities-in-the-gender-ratio-at-birth-in-the-united-states-1995-2014
#17
Victor Grech
BACKGROUND: Males are born in excess of females, expressed as M/T (male/total births), which is expected to approximate 0.515. Racial M/T disparities have been long known. This study was carried out in order to identify such disparities in different races in the United States. DESIGN: Monthly male and female live births by race for the entire US were obtained from the website of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for 1995-2014 for the four racial groups: American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian or Pacific Islander, Black or African American and White...
March 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257434/determinants-of-geographic-inequalities-in-hpv-vaccination-in-the-most-populated-region-of-france
#18
Delphine Héquet, Roman Rouzier
BACKGROUND: In France, there are recommendations and reimbursements for human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination but no HPV vaccination programs. Therefore, vaccination is largely determined by parents' initiative, which can lead to inequalities. The objective of this study was to determine the factors associated with poorer vaccination coverage rates in the most populated region of France. METHODS: The data of this study were obtained from the National Health Insurance between 2011 and 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795587/parent-child-relationships-at-the-transition-to-adulthood-a-comparison-of-black-hispanic-and-white-immigrant-and-native-born-youth
#19
Jessica Halliday Hardie, Judith A Seltzer
Parents play a key role in launching their children into adulthood. Differences in the resources they provide their children have implications for perpetuating patterns of family inequality. Using data on 6,962 young adults included in the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997, we examine differences in the support parents provide to young adult children by immigrant status and race/ethnicity and whether and how those differences are explained by parent resources and young adult resources and roles. Immigrant status and race/ethnicity are associated with patterns of support in complex ways...
September 2016: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590018/health-inequity-and-restoring-fairness-through-the-canadian-refugee-health-policy-reforms-a-literature-review
#20
Valentina Antonipillai, Andrea Baumann, Andrea Hunter, Olive Wahoush, Timothy O'Shea
Refugees and refugee claimants experience increased health needs upon arrival in Canada. The Federal Government funded the Interim Federal Health Program (IFHP) since 1957, ensuring comprehensive healthcare insurance for all refugees and refugee claimants seeking protection in Canada. Over the past 4 years, the Canadian government implemented restrictions to essential healthcare services through retrenchments to the IFHP. This paper will review the IFHP, in conjunction with other immigration policies, to explore the issues associated with providing inequitable access to healthcare for refugee populations...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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