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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417507/understanding-the-roots-of-health-inequalities-requires-new-methods
#1
Shawn Walker
It is easy to teach health care professionals and students to follow a guideline, tricky to teach them to become aware of unconscious biases and assumptions which may influence how they execute that guideline. Substandard care may be easily recognised in retrospect, but understanding how and why it continues to happen, to some populations more than others, is key to reducing such disparities. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy affect women of immigrant populations more often and with worse outcomes than native residents of industrialised countries...
April 17, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359580/racialized-legal-status-as-a-social-determinant-of-health
#2
Asad L Asad, Matthew Clair
This article advances the concept of racialized legal status (RLS) as an overlooked dimension of social stratification with implications for racial/ethnic health disparities. We define RLS as a social position based on an ostensibly race-neutral legal classification that disproportionately impacts racial/ethnic minorities. To illustrate the implications of RLS for health and health disparities in the United States, we spotlight existing research on two cases: criminal status and immigration status. We offer a conceptual framework that outlines how RLS shapes disparities through (1) primary effects on those who hold a legal status and (2) spillover effects on racial/ethnic in-group members, regardless of these individuals' own legal status...
March 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324794/the-socio-political-context-of-migration-and-reproductive-health-disparities-the-case-of-early-sexual-initiation-among-mexican-origin-immigrant-young-women
#3
Kate Coleman-Minahan
Prior research often explains the lower risk of early sexual initiation among foreign-born Mexican-origin young women by a patriarchal and sexually conservative "traditional Latino culture." This definition overlooks structural factors such as exploitation of migrant workers, and conflates gender inequality and sexual expectations. I use an intersectional framework and the theory of gender and power to explore how gender inequality and sexual expectations are both influenced by structural factors and affect reproductive health outcomes...
May 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289039/socioeconomic-gradients-in-all-cause-premature-and-avoidable-mortality-among-immigrants-and-long-term-residents-using-linked-death-records-in-ontario-canada
#4
Anam M Khan, Marcelo Urquia, Kathy Kornas, David Henry, Stephanie Y Cheng, Catherine Bornbaum, Laura C Rosella
BACKGROUND: Immigrants have been shown to possess a health advantage, yet are also more likely to reside in arduous economic conditions. Little is known about if and how the socioeconomic gradient for all-cause, premature and avoidable mortality differs according to immigration status. METHODS: Using several linked population-based vital and demographic databases from Ontario, we examined a cohort of all deaths in the province between 2002 and 2012. We constructed count models, adjusted for relevant covariates, to attain age-adjusted mortality rates and rate ratios for all-cause, premature and avoidable mortality across income quintile in immigrants and long-term residents, stratified by sex...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282529/evidence-of-socio-economic-stress-and-female-foeticide-in-racial-disparities-in-the-gender-ratio-at-birth-in-the-united-states-1995-2014
#5
Victor Grech
BACKGROUND: Males are born in excess of females, expressed as M/T (male/total births), which is expected to approximate 0.515. Racial M/T disparities have been long known. This study was carried out in order to identify such disparities in different races in the United States. DESIGN: Monthly male and female live births by race for the entire US were obtained from the website of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for 1995-2014 for the four racial groups: American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian or Pacific Islander, Black or African American and White...
March 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257434/determinants-of-geographic-inequalities-in-hpv-vaccination-in-the-most-populated-region-of-france
#6
Delphine Héquet, Roman Rouzier
BACKGROUND: In France, there are recommendations and reimbursements for human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination but no HPV vaccination programs. Therefore, vaccination is largely determined by parents' initiative, which can lead to inequalities. The objective of this study was to determine the factors associated with poorer vaccination coverage rates in the most populated region of France. METHODS: The data of this study were obtained from the National Health Insurance between 2011 and 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795587/parent-child-relationships-at-the-transition-to-adulthood-a-comparison-of-black-hispanic-and-white-immigrant-and-native-born-youth
#7
Jessica Halliday Hardie, Judith A Seltzer
Parents play a key role in launching their children into adulthood. Differences in the resources they provide their children have implications for perpetuating patterns of family inequality. Using data on 6,962 young adults included in the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997, we examine differences in the support parents provide to young adult children by immigrant status and race/ethnicity and whether and how those differences are explained by parent resources and young adult resources and roles. Immigrant status and race/ethnicity are associated with patterns of support in complex ways...
September 2016: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590018/health-inequity-and-restoring-fairness-through-the-canadian-refugee-health-policy-reforms-a-literature-review
#8
Valentina Antonipillai, Andrea Baumann, Andrea Hunter, Olive Wahoush, Timothy O'Shea
Refugees and refugee claimants experience increased health needs upon arrival in Canada. The Federal Government funded the Interim Federal Health Program (IFHP) since 1957, ensuring comprehensive healthcare insurance for all refugees and refugee claimants seeking protection in Canada. Over the past 4 years, the Canadian government implemented restrictions to essential healthcare services through retrenchments to the IFHP. This paper will review the IFHP, in conjunction with other immigration policies, to explore the issues associated with providing inequitable access to healthcare for refugee populations...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499654/a-public-health-priority-disparities-in-gynecologic-cancer-research-for-african-born-women-in-the-united-states
#9
Leeya F Pinder, Brett D Nelson, Melody Eckardt, Annekathryn Goodman
African-born immigrants comprise one of the fastest growing populations in the U.S., nearly doubling its population size in recent years. However, it is also one of the most underrepresented groups in health-care research, especially research focused on gynecologic and breast malignancies. While the opportunity exists for access to an advanced health-care system, as immigrants migrate to the U.S., they encounter the same health-care inequalities that are faced by the native-born population based on ethnicity and social class, potentiated by limitations of health literacy and lack of familiarity with U...
2016: Clinical Medicine Insights. Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27310870/using-community-based-participatory-research-to-address-chinese-older-women-s-health-needs-toward-sustainability
#10
E-Shien Chang, Melissa A Simon, XinQi Dong
Although community-based participatory research (CBPR) has been recognized as a useful approach for eliminating health disparities, less attention is given to how CBPR projects may address gender inequalities in health for immigrant older women. The goal of this article is to share culturally sensitive strategies and lessons learned from the PINE study-a population-based study of U.S. Chinese older adults that was strictly guided by the CBPR approach. Working with Chinese older women requires trust, respect, and understanding of their unique historical, social, and cultural positions...
October 2016: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27260183/healthcare-inequality-issues-among-immigrant-elders-after-neoliberal-welfare-reform-empirical-findings-from-the-united-states
#11
Younsook Yeo
Even with the increasing importance being placed on research into immigrant elders' healthcare use as countries change their policies to reflect their increasing immigrant and aging populations, little research has examined changes in healthcare use disparities between immigrant and native elders in relation to these policy changes. To fill this gap in the literature, this study examined healthcare disparities in relation to the welfare reform that the US implemented in 1996 and then compared significant indicators of immigrants' healthcare use during the pre- and post-reform periods...
June 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27028078/abundance-inequality-in-freshwater-communities-has-an-ecological-origin
#12
Sophia I Passy
The hollow-shaped species abundance distribution (SAD) and its allied rank abundance distribution (RAD)-showing that abundance is unevenly distributed among species-are some of the most studied patterns in ecology. To explain the nature of abundance inequality, I developed a novel framework identifying environmental favorability, which controls the balance between reproduction and immigration, as the ultimate source and species stress tolerance as a proximate factor. Thus, under harsh conditions, only a few tolerant species can reproduce, while some sensitive species can be present in low numbers due to chance immigration...
April 2016: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26918063/child-poverty-during-the-years-of-the-great-recession-an-analysis-of-racial-differences-among-immigrants-and-us-natives
#13
Kevin J A Thomas, Catherine Tucker
Although the consequences of the Great Recession are extensively discussed in previous research, three critical issue need to be addressed in order to develop a full portrait of the economic experiences of children during this period. First, given the changing immigrant composition of the US child population, new studies are needed for examining the implications of immigrant status for exposure to child poverty during the recession. Second, it is important to understand how traditional patterns of racial inequality among were transformed during the years of the recession...
December 1, 2015: Race and Social Problems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26912255/patterns-of-pharmaceutical-use-for-immigrants-to-spain-and-norway-a-comparative-study-of-prescription-databases-in-two-european-countries
#14
Luis Andres Gimeno-Feliu, Amaia Calderón-Larrañaga, Alexandra Prados-Torres, Concha Revilla-López, Esperanza Diaz
BACKGROUND: Although equity in health care is theoretically a cornerstone in Western societies, several studies show that services do not always provide equitable care for immigrants. Differences in pharmaceutical consumption between immigrants and natives are explained by variances in predisposing factors, enabling factors and needs across populations, and can be used as a proxy of disparities in health care use. By comparing the relative differences in pharmacological use between natives and immigrants from the same four countries of origin living in Spain and Norway respectively, this article presents a new approach to the study of inequity in health care...
2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26487492/ethnic-inequalities-in-acute-myocardial-infarction-and-stroke-rates-in-norway-1994-2009-a-nationwide-cohort-study-cvdnor
#15
Kjersti S Rabanal, Randi M Selmer, Jannicke Igland, Grethe S Tell, Haakon E Meyer
BACKGROUND: Immigrants to Norway from South Asia and Former Yugoslavia have high levels of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. Yet, the incidence of CVD among immigrants in Norway has never been studied. Our aim was to study the burden of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and stroke among ethnic groups in Norway. METHODS: We studied the whole Norwegian population (n = 2,637,057) aged 35-64 years during 1994-2009. The Cardiovascular Disease in Norway (CVDNOR) project provided information about all AMI and stroke hospital stays for this period, as well as deaths outside hospital through linkage to the Cause of Death Registry...
2015: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26118208/-systematic-review-of-nursing-professional-role-in-social-health-inequalities-in-the-immigrant-population
#16
REVIEW
Alicia Alonso Salcines, María Paz Zulueta
The current situation in Spain has led to increase social inequalities in health in the population. Immigrants without economic resources are the most vulnerable group with high rates of morbidity and mortality. For this reason, the Commission on Social Determinants of Health (CSDH) was created by developing a conceptual framework to classify the inequality factors, and thus, politically designing actions in order to reduce this problem. The nursing professional collaboration in developing effective policies to reduce health inequalities would be a new framework, because this profession possesses unique knowledge of people who are cared with social problem...
November 2014: Revista de Enfermería
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25888488/prospective-register-based-study-of-the-impact-of-immigration-on-educational-inequalities-in-mortality-in-norway
#17
Jon Ivar Elstad, Einar Øverbye, Espen Dahl
BACKGROUND: Differences in mortality with regard to socioeconomic status have widened in recent decades in many European countries, including Norway. A rapid upsurge of immigration to Norway has occurred since the 1990s. The article investigates the impact of immigration on educational mortality differences among adults in Norway. METHODS: Two linked register-based data sets are analyzed; the first consists of all registered inhabitants aged 20-69 in Norway January 1, 1993 (2...
2015: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25884923/differences-in-diabetes-prevalence-and-inequalities-in-disease-management-and-glycaemic-control-by-immigrant-status-a-population-based-study-italy
#18
Paola Ballotari, Stefania Caroli, Francesca Ferrari, Gabriele Romani, Greci Marina, Antonio Chiarenza, Valeria Manicardi, Paolo Giorgi Rossi
BACKGROUND: The diabetes prevalence increases at an alarming rate around the world and understanding disparities in occurrence, care management, and health outcomes may be a starting point towards achieving more effective strategies to prevent and manage it. The aims of this study are to compare immigrants and Italians in terms of the differences in diabetes prevalence and to evaluate inequalities in disease management and glycaemic control by using information included in Reggio Emilia diabetes register...
2015: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25881154/health-inequalities-an-analysis-of-hospitalizations-with-respect-to-migrant-status-gender-and-geographical-area
#19
Chiara de Waure, Stefania Bruno, Giuseppe Furia, Luca Di Sciullo, Serena Carovillano, Maria Lucia Specchia, Salvatore Geraci, Walter Ricciardi
BACKGROUND: The quality of care includes several aspects which may be influenced by social-economic status. This study analyzes hospitalizations for several conditions, such as chronic diseases, cancer and appendectomy, in Italians and immigrant people living in Italy with the aim to evaluate possible inequalities in the quality of health care services due to migrant status, gender and geographical macro-areas (Northern, Central, Southern Italy). METHODS: The data source of hospital discharges for stroke, myocardial infarction, chronic liver disease, cervical cancer, mastectomy and appendectomy was the Ministry of Health...
2015: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25872539/migration-and-health-exploring-the-role-of-migrant-status-through-register-based-studies
#20
REVIEW
Marie Nørredam
This thesis aims to explore migrant status as a determinant in register-based studies on migrant health. It is based on eight studies that investigate the following three main issues: 1) What is the importance of migrant status for morbidity patterns among migrants compared with Native Danes? 2) Do migrant status and ethnicity affect clinical indicators of access among migrants compared with native Danes? 3) What is the importance of migrant status for mortality patterns among migrants compared with Native Danes? The thesis builds on a register-based historical prospective cohort design...
April 2015: Danish Medical Journal
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