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Accident and emergency medicine

Funda Karbek Akarca, Tanzer Korkmaz, Celal Çınar, Elif Dilek Çakal, Murat Ersel
BACKGROUND: The purpose of our study was to retrospectively evaluate traumatic aortic transection patients and their bedside plain chest radiographs for signs of aortic injury. METHODS: Emergency department (ED) patients from a 5-year period with traumatic aortic transection who were over 18 years of age were included in the study. Demographic characteristics, mechanism of trauma, Revised Trauma Score, Glasgow Coma Score, vital signs, physical exam findings, laboratory parameters, length of stay in the ED, and patient outcomes were documented...
September 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
Ce Yang, Jie Gao, Juan Du, Haiyan Wang, Jianxin Jiang, Zhengguo Wang
BACKGROUND: Rescue after a maritime disaster remains a great challenge in emergency medicine. OBJECTIVE: We performed an overview of rescue efforts among the victims in the sunken cruise ship Eastern Star in the 2015 Changjiang River marine disaster, as well as possible preventive measures in maritime transport situations. METHODS: The rescue records of 454 victims of the sunken ship were analyzed retrospectively. Their demographic data, rescue effects, accident inducement, and injury disposition were reviewed...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Graham Scott
Nurses need more training in dealing with the death of patients in accident and emergency departments, a report from the Royal College of Nursing and the British Association for Accident and Emergency Medicine claims.
March 22, 1995: Nursing Standard
S Aleksanin
This article presents an overview of the capabilities for clinical management of radiation injuries available at the Nikiforov Russian Center of Emergency and Radiation Medicine (NRCERM) of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (EMERCOM). NRCERM is a federal state budgetary institution and the Russian Federation's head organization for providing medical assistance for persons overexposed to ionizing radiation, responders to radiation emergencies and people evacuated from radiation contaminated areas...
September 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
McAleese Aisling, Diamond Aisling, Curran David
SETTING: Psychological stress is increasingly recognised within emergency medicine, given the environmental and clinical stressors associated with the specialism. The current study assessed whether psychological distress is experienced by emergency medical staff and if so, what is the expressed need within this population? PARTICIPANTS: Participants included ambulance personnel, nursing staff, doctors and ancillary support staff within two Accident and Emergency (A&E) departments and twelve ambulance bases within one Trust locality in NI (N = 107)...
May 2016: Ulster Medical Journal
Erica Simon, Brit Long, Alex Koyfman
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease (SCD) affects approximately 100,000 individuals in the United States. Due to alterations in the structural conformation of hemoglobin molecules under deoxygenated conditions, patients with SCD are predisposed to numerous sequelae, many of which require acute intervention. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to provide emergency physicians with an evidence-based update regarding the diagnosis and management of SCD complications. DISCUSSION: SCD patients experience significant morbidity and mortality secondary to cerebrovascular accident, acute chest syndrome, acute vaso-occlusive pain crises, SCD-related multi-organ failure, cholecystitis, acute intrahepatic cholestasis, acute sickle hepatic crisis, acute hepatic sequestration, priapism, and renal disease...
October 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Elizabeth G Clark, Jessica Watson, Allison Leemann, Alan H Breaud, Frank G Feeley, James Wolff, Tamorish Kole, Gabrielle A Jacquet
BACKGROUND: Emergencies such as road traffic accidents (RTAs), acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and cerebrovascular accident (CVA) are the most common causes of death and disability in India. Robust emergency medicine (EM) services and proper education on acute care are necessary. In order to inform curriculum design for training programs, and to improve the quality of EM care in India, a better understanding of patient epidemiology and case burden presenting to the emergency department (ED) is needed...
2016: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Q Tan, H B Qiu, B W Sun, Y M Shen, L J Nie, H W Zhang
On August 2nd, 2014, a massive dust explosion occurred in a factory of Kunshan, resulting in a mass casualty involving 185 burn patients. They were transported to 20 medical institutions in Jiangsu province and Shanghai. More than one thousand of medical personnel of our country participated in this emergency rescue, and satisfactory results were achieved. In this paper, the characteristics of this accident were analyzed, the positive effects of interdisciplinary cooperation were affirmed, and the contingency plan, rescue process and pattern, and reserve, organization and management of talents during this rescue process were reviewed retrospectively...
January 2016: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
Ozlem Asci, Guleser Hazar, Isa Sercan
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to determine the states of health care personnel, working at 112 emergency stations in the province of Artvin, to encounter with regarding forensic cases and determine their practices aimed at recognizing, protecting, and reporting the evidences that may affect the forensic process. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted with nurses and emergency medicine technicians working at 112 emergency stations in Artvin between January 2013 and February 2014...
September 2015: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
Lynda Holt
Evidence that patients attending accident and emergency claiming to be HIV positive when they have been tested negative and are known to be negative by other departments in the hospital is presented in a paper in the Journal of Accident and Emergency Medicine. Acknowledging the reasons for these patients claims are not always apparent, the authors believe they may place an inappropriate workload on an already busy department.
August 1, 1995: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
(no author information available yet)
This book is designed to provide key information on acute injuries and sudden illnesses which commonly present to AE departments and is designed to bring together a range of topics in a structured manner which lends its use to both clinical practice and to the doctor studying for higher examinations.
May 1, 1995: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
M Kreinest, S Goller, B Gliwitzky, P A Grützner, M Küffer, D Häske, V Papathanassiou, M Münzberg
PURPOSE: Spinal immobilization is a standard procedure in emergency medicine. Increasing awareness of complications associated with immobilization of trauma patients leads to controversial discussions in the literature. Current guidelines require to include considerations of accident mechanism, an assessment of the patient's condition and an examination of the spine in the decision-making process if immobilization of the spine should be performed. This requires sound knowledge of assessing these parameters...
May 12, 2016: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Akshay Kumar, Upendra Baitha, Praveen Aggarwal, Nayer Jamshed
Menthol is a monocyclic terpene alcohol, which is present naturally in peppermint and can be synthesized artificially as well. Generally, it is considered as very safe and has wide usage in medicine and food. There are case reports of toxicity due to excessive consumption of menthol, but a fatal intoxication has never been reported in the medical literature. We present a case of fatal menthol intoxication in a worker, who accidently got exposed when he was working in a peppermint factory. Emergency physicians must keep in mind this extremely rare manifestation of menthol poisoning...
April 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
M I Geer, P A Koul, S A Tanki, M Y Shah
INTRODUCTION: Hospital-based adverse drug reaction (ADR) monitoring and reporting studies are conducted to identify, quantify and minimize such risks associated with the use of drugs particularly on long-term basis. Kashmir province of Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir presents a huge market for medicines that runs into millions of rupees. Yet there was no provision to monitor these drugs for their adverse effects prior to this study in any of the leading hospitals of the province. As such the present study, which was first of its kind in the valley, was undertaken to assess the frequency, preventability, category, severity, causality, extension of hospital stay and costs of drug-related adverse effects in Kashmiri patients at a Srinagar-based tertiary care hospital...
September 2016: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
L P He, X Y Hu
In the missionary hospitals founded in the nineteenth century by the missionaries in China, the sprout of consciousness of medical risk control emerged. They did their best to avoid medical accidents which might lead to anti-missionary struggle by the Chinese people, and were especially cautious to control the happening of medical accidents. First of all, the hospitals made careful screening on patients by giving priority to those patients pursuing treatment of eye diseases, and barely forced to accept patients with intractable and critical diseases...
January 28, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
O J Olubor, O M Uhumwangho, A E Omoti
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a medical emergency of public health importance which affects the physical, mental, and emotional well-being of its victims. Management and rehabilitation are cumbersome for patients and caregivers. Ocular involvement and visual loss could further increase the burden of care. AIM: To determine the prevalence of ocular disorders in patients with stroke in a Tertiary Hospital in Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive hospital-based study was performed on all consenting and conscious adult patients aged 18 years and above with a diagnosis of stroke made within 1-year who were admitted to the stroke ward or attended the stroke clinic of the Neurology Unit in the Department of Medicine, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City from October 2013 to December 2013...
May 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Yì Xiáng J Wáng, Yáo T Li
This is a part of the study of AME survey-003, aiming to understand the motivation and attractiveness of a career in medicine in China. The surveys were conducted on DXY platform with 3,564 medical professionals during October 26 to November 20; on Sojump platform with 1,587 medical professionals during October 28 to December 14, and 443 non-medical professionals during November 15 to December, all in 2015. Similar to our previous result, the not regretted participants vs. regretted participants (N/Y) ratio was 1...
February 2016: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
Alex Dubov, Julia H Appleton, Sheldon Campbell
CONTEXT: Emerging pathogens have affected, and will continue to affect, the health care system in diverse ways. Clinical laboratories face ethical challenges in responding to emerging pathogens. We use the 2014-2015 outbreak of Ebola virus disease as a model to explore some of the ethical issues in laboratory medicine related to emerging infectious disease. OBJECTIVE: To describe the major ethical concerns raised in the clinical laboratory environment by emerging infections...
February 2016: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Jodi DeAraugo, Suzanne McLaren, Phil McManus, Paul D McGreevy
While the role of the horse in riding hazards is well recognised, little attention has been paid to the role of specific theoretical psychological processes of humans in contributing to and mitigating risk. The injury, mortality or compensation claim rates for participants in the horse-racing industry, veterinary medicine and equestrian disciplines provide compelling evidence for improving risk mitigation models. There is a paucity of theoretical principles regarding the risk of injury and mortality associated with human-horse interactions...
2016: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
Takashi Hatanaka, Narumi Eguchi, Mayumi Deguchi, Manami Yazawa, Masami Ishii
The Japanese government at present is implementing international health and medical growth strategies mainly from the viewpoint of business. However, the United Nations is set to resolve the Post-2015 Development Agenda in the fall of 2015; the agenda will likely include the achievement of universal health coverage (UHC) as a specific development goal. Japan's healthcare system, the foundation of which is its public, nationwide universal health insurance program, has been evaluated highly by the Lancet. The World Bank also praised it as a global model...
September 2015: Japan Medical Association Journal: JMAJ
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