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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622589/improving-outcomes-for-babies-and-toddlers-in-child-welfare-a-model-for-infant-mental-health-intervention-and-collaboration
#1
Susan Chinitz, Hazel Guzman, Ellen Amstutz, Joaniko Kohchi, Miriam Alkon
Children under three comprise a sizable and growing proportion of foster care placements. Very young children who enter the child welfare system experience disruptions of critical attachments that are essential to this formative stage of brain development, as well as other traumatic events, leaving them at great risk for lifelong impairments. To reverse these concerning outcomes, babies who have been removed from their homes require intensive, relationship-based interventions that promote secure attachment to a primary caregiver and holistic attention the child's developmental needs...
June 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617665/prevalence-and-correlates-of-sleep-apnea-among-us-male-veterans-2005-2014
#2
Maylen Jackson, Benjamin J Becerra, Connie Marmolejo, Robert M Avina, Nicole Henley, Monideepa B Becerra
The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of and factors associated with sleep apnea among US male veterans. We used data from the 2005-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health to conduct survey-weighted descriptive, bivariate, and regression analyses. The prevalence of sleep apnea increased from 3.7% to 8.1% (P for trend <.001 for adjusted model) from 2005 through 2014. Increasing severity of psychological distress and unmet mental health care need were associated with increased odds of sleep apnea, as was a diagnosis of asthma...
June 15, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617197/chronic-early-life-stress-induced-by-limited-bedding-and-nesting-lbn-material-in-rodents-critical-considerations-of-methodology-outcomes-and-translational-potential
#3
Claire-Dominique Walker, Kevin G Bath, Marian Joels, Aniko Korosi, Muriel Larauche, Paul J Lucassen, Margaret J Morris, Charlis Raineki, Tania L Roth, Regina M Sullivan, Yvette Taché, Tallie Z Baram
The immediate and long term effects of exposure to early life stress (ELS) have been documented in humans and animal models. Even relatively brief periods of stress during the first 10 days of life in rodents can impact later behavioral regulation and the vulnerability to develop adult pathologies, in particular an impairment of cognitive functions and neurogenesis, but also modified social, emotional and conditioned fear responses. The development of preclinical models of ELS exposure allows the examination of mechanisms and testing of therapeutic approaches that are not possible in humans...
June 15, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610811/human-factors-in-mental-healthcare-a-work-system-analysis-of-a-community-based-program-for-older-adults-with-depression-and-dementia
#4
Siobhan M Heiden, Richard J Holden, Catherine A Alder, Kunal Bodke, Malaz Boustani
Mental healthcare is a critical but largely unexplored application domain for human factors/ergonomics. This paper reports on a work system evaluation of a home-based dementia and depression care program for older adults, the Aging Brain Care program. The Workflow Elements Model was used to guide data collection and analysis of 59 h of observation, supplemented by key informant input. We identified four actors, 37 artifacts across seven types, ten action categories, and ten outcomes including improved health and safety...
October 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604354/mental-health-insurance-parity-and-provider-wages
#5
Ezra Golberstein, Susan H Busch
BACKGROUND: Policymakers frequently mandate that employers or insurers provide insurance benefits deemed to be critical to individuals' well-being. However, in the presence of private market imperfections, mandates that increase demand for a service can lead to price increases for that service, without necessarily affecting the quantity being supplied. We test this idea empirically by looking at mental health parity mandates. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated whether implementation of parity laws was associated with changes in mental health provider wages...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603550/health-system-governance-to-support-scale-up-of-mental-health-care-in-ethiopia-a-qualitative-study
#6
Charlotte Hanlon, Tigist Eshetu, Daniel Alemayehu, Abebaw Fekadu, Maya Semrau, Graham Thornicroft, Fred Kigozi, Debra Leigh Marais, Inge Petersen, Atalay Alem
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia is embarking upon a ground-breaking plan to address the high levels of unmet need for mental health care by scaling up mental health care integrated within primary care. Health system governance is expected to impact critically upon the success or otherwise of this important initiative. The objective of the study was to explore the barriers, facilitators and potential strategies to promote good health system governance in relation to scale-up of mental health care in Ethiopia...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601140/psychiatric-aspects-of-organ-transplantation-in-critical-care-an-update
#7
REVIEW
Yelizaveta Sher, Paula Zimbrean
Transplant patients face challenging medical journeys, with many detours to the intensive care unit. Before and after transplantation, they have significant psychological and cognitive comorbidities, which decrease their quality of life and potentially compromise their medical outcomes. Critical care staff are essential in these journeys. Being cognizant of relevant psychosocial and mental health aspects of transplant patients' experiences can help critical care personnel take comprehensive care of these patients...
July 2017: Critical Care Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598137/the-effectiveness-of-psychosocial-assessment-in-the-detection-and-management-of-postpartum-depression-a-systematic-review
#8
Ethel Felice, Andee Agius, Roberta Sultana, Elena M Felice, Jean Calleja-Agius
INTRODUCTION: Perinatal mental disorders remain a public health concern. A psychosocial assessment gives a comprehensive understanding of a woman's circumstances by identifying risk factors that affect the overall mental state and function of the woman. The aim was to evaluate the current international evidence regarding the effectiveness of psychosocial assessments in the detection and management of postpartum depression. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Six health related databases were systematically searched from January 2000 to June 2016...
June 9, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559411/predictors-of-disruptions-in-breast-cancer-care-for-individuals-with-schizophrenia
#9
Kelly E Irwin, Elyse R Park, Jennifer A Shin, Lauren E Fields, Jamie M Jacobs, Joseph A Greer, John B Taylor, Alphonse G Taghian, Oliver Freudenreich, David P Ryan, William F Pirl
BACKGROUND: Patients with schizophrenia experience markedly increased breast cancer mortality, yet reasons for this disparity are poorly understood. We sought to characterize disruptions in breast cancer care for patients with schizophrenia and identify modifiable predictors of those disruptions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a medical record review of 95 patients with schizophrenia and breast cancer treated at an academic cancer center between 1993 and 2015...
May 30, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559366/heritage-and-stigma-co-producing-and-communicating-the-histories-of-mental-health-and-learning-disability
#10
Rob Ellis
University engagement with mental health services has traditionally been informed by the vocational and pedagogical links between the two sectors. However, a growth in the interest in public history and in the history of mental healthcare has offered new opportunities for those in the humanities to engage new audiences and to challenge perceptions about care in the past. The introduction of the 'impact agenda' and related funding streams has further encouraged academics to contribute to historical debates, and to those concerning current services...
June 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554378/high-healthcare-utilization-near-the-onset-of-medically-unexplained-symptoms
#11
Lisa M McAndrew, L Alison Phillips, Drew A Helmer, Kieran Maestro, Charles C Engel, Lauren M Greenberg, Nicole Anastasides, Karen S Quigley
OBJECTIVE: Patients with medically unexplained syndromes (MUS) often do not receive appropriate healthcare. A critical time for effective healthcare is the inception of MUS. The current study examined data from a prospective longitudinal study of Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) soldiers to understand the relationship of increasing physical symptom burden to healthcare utilization. METHODS: Data was examined from a prospective study of OEF/OIF soldiers assessed before and one year after deployment (n=336)...
July 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549459/-a-steep-learning-curve-junior-doctor-perspectives-on-the-transition-from-medical-student-to-the-health-care-workplace
#12
Nancy Sturman, Zachary Tan, Jane Turner
BACKGROUND: The transition from medical student to hospital-based first year junior doctor (termed "intern" in Australia) is known to be challenging, and recent changes in clinical learning environments may reduce graduate preparedness for the intern workplace. Although manageable challenges and transitions are a stimulus to learning, levels of burnout in junior medical colleagues are concerning. In order to prepare and support medical graduates, educators need to understand contemporary junior doctor perspectives on this transition...
May 26, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545878/burnout-and-health-among-critical-care-professionals-the-mediational-role-of-resilience
#13
Oscar Arrogante, Eva Aparicio-Zaldivar
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the mediational role of resilience in relationships between burnout and health in critical care professionals; to determine relationships among resilience level, three burnout dimensions, and physical/mental health; and to establish demographic differences in psychological variables evaluated. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: A total of 52 critical care professionals, mainly nurses, were recruited from an intensive care unit of Madrid (Spain)...
May 22, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545572/intensive-case-management-for-addiction-to-promote-engagement-with-care-of-people-with-severe-mental-and-substance-use-disorders-an-observational-study
#14
Stéphane Morandi, Benedetta Silva, Philippe Golay, Charles Bonsack
BACKGROUND: Co-occurring severe mental and substance use disorders are associated with physical, psychological and social complications such as homelessness and unemployment. People with severe mental and substance use disorders are difficult to engage with care. The lack of treatment worsens their health and social conditions and increases treatment costs, as emergency department visits arise. Case management has proved to be effective in promoting engagement with care of people with severe mental and substance use disorders...
May 25, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545519/staff-s-normative-attitudes-towards-coercion-the-role-of-moral-doubt-and-professional-context-a-cross-sectional-survey-study
#15
Bert Molewijk, Almar Kok, Tonje Husum, Reidar Pedersen, Olaf Aasland
BACKGROUND: The use of coercion is morally problematic and requires an ongoing critical reflection. We wondered if not knowing or being uncertain whether coercion is morally right or justified (i.e. experiencing moral doubt) is related to professionals' normative attitudes regarding the use of coercion. METHODS: This paper describes an explorative statistical analysis based on a cross-sectional survey across seven wards in three Norwegian mental health care institutions...
May 25, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539205/patient-participation-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#16
Anna Schandl, Ann-Charlotte Falk, Catharina Frank
OBJECTIVE: Patient participation in healthcare is important for optimizing treatment outcomes and for ensuring satisfaction with care. The purpose of the study wasto explore critical care nurses' perceptions of patient participation for critically ill patients. DESIGN AND SETTINGS: Qualitative data were collected in four separate focus group interviews with 17 nurses from two hospitals. The interviews were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. FINDINGS: Initially, the nurses stated that patient participation in the intensive care unit (ICU) was dependent on the patient's health condition and consciousness...
May 20, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538496/committee-opinion-no-702-female-athlete-triad
#17
(no author information available yet)
The female athlete triad is a medical condition observed in physically active females involving three components: 1) low energy availability with or without disordered eating, 2) menstrual dysfunction, and 3) low bone density. An individual does not need to show clinical manifestations of all three components of the female athlete triad simultaneously to be affected by the condition. Consequences of these clinical conditions may not be completely reversible, so prevention, early diagnosis, and intervention are critical...
June 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538492/committee-opinion-no-702-summary-female-athlete-triad
#18
(no author information available yet)
The female athlete triad is a medical condition observed in physically active females involving three components: 1) low energy availability with or without disordered eating, 2) menstrual dysfunction, and 3) low bone density. An individual does not need to show clinical manifestations of all three components of the female athlete triad simultaneously to be affected by the condition. Consequences of these clinical conditions may not be completely reversible, so prevention, early diagnosis, and intervention are critical...
June 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537124/family-group-interventions-in-an-early-psychosis-program-a-re-evaluation-of-practice-after-10%C3%A2-years-of-service-delivery
#19
Kate Day, Rachael Starbuck, Melissa Petrakis
INTRODUCTION: The role of family in supporting service users in coping with illness and engaging in relapse prevention in early psychosis is important. Taking on this caring though is stressful and challenging, and it has been found that support and information for carers assists in their coping and reduces isolation. AIMS: To evaluate the current utility of a psychoeducation group program in a public adult mental health service, for the families of people experiencing early psychosis...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530444/real-world-strategies-to-engage-and-retain-racial-ethnic-minority-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-hiv-prevention-services
#20
Thomas E Freese, Howard Padwa, Brandy T Oeser, Beth A Rutkowski, Marya T Schulte
Racial/ethnic minority young men who have sex with men (YMSM)-particularly African Americans and Hispanics/Latinos-are at particularly high risk for HIV infection. Devising strategies to improve engagement and retention in HIV prevention services among minority YMSM is critical if the United States is going to achieve the National HIV/AIDS Strategy goal of reducing HIV health-related disparities. This article presents findings from a national summit on racial/ethnic YMSM services convened by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration-funded Center of Excellence on Racial and Ethnic Minority Young Men Who Have Sex with Men and Other Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Populations (YMSM + LGBT CoE) in September 2015...
June 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
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