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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243564/deportation-of-non-citizen-military-veterans-a-critical-analysis-of-implications-for-the-right-to-health
#1
Danielle Horyniak, Ietza Bojorquez, Richard F Armenta, Peter J Davidson
Military personnel are commonly exposed to health-harming conditions during their service, resulting in higher rates of physical and mental health conditions compared with the general population. In an era of mass deportations, it is notable that non-citizen military veterans are not exempt from deportation. We utilised a human rights framework to conduct a critical analysis of potential health consequences of deportation for U.S. military veterans, identifying three ways in which veterans' rights to health may be constrained through deportation...
December 15, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240853/the-evaluation-of-medical-inpatients-who-are-admitted-on-long-term-opioid-therapy-for-chronic-pain
#2
Hilary Mosher, Shoshana J Herzig, Itai Danovitch, Christina Boutsicaris, Sameer Hassamal, Karl Wittnebel, Azadeh Dashti, Teryl Nuckols
Individuals who are on long-term opioid therapy (LTOT) for chronic noncancer pain are frequently admitted to the hospital with acute pain, exacerbations of chronic pain, or comorbidities. Consequently, hospitalists find themselves faced with complex treatment decisions in the context of uncertainty about the effectiveness of LTOT as well as concerns about risks of overdose, opioid use disorders, and adverse events. Our multidisciplinary team sought to synthesize guideline recommendations and primary literature relevant to assessing medical inpatients on LTOT, with the objective of assisting practitioners in balancing effective pain treatment and opioid risk reduction...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230972/the-choice-pilot-project-challenges-of-implementing-a-combined-peer-work-and-shared-decision-making-programme-in-an-early-intervention-service
#3
Magenta B Simmons, Dominiek Coates, Samantha Batchelor, Tara Dimopoulos-Bick, Deborah Howe
AIM: Youth participation is central to early intervention policy and quality frameworks. There is good evidence for peer support (individuals with lived experience helping other consumers) and shared decision making (involving consumers in making decisions about their own care) in adult settings. However, youth programs are rarely tested or described in detail. This report aims to fill this gap by describing a consumer focused intervention in an early intervention service. METHODS: This paper describes the development process, intervention content and implementation challenges of the Choices about Healthcare Options Informed by Client Experiences and Expectations (CHOICE) Pilot Project...
December 12, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229589/the-effect-of-group-support-psychotherapy-delivered-by-trained-lay-health-workers-for-depression-treatment-among-people-with-hiv-in-uganda-protocol-of-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomized-trial
#4
Etheldreda Nakimuli-Mpungu, Seggane Musisi, Kizito Wamala, James Okello, Sheila Ndyanabangi, Ramin Mojtabai, Jean Nachega, Ofir Harari, Edward Mills
BACKGROUND: There is limited information on the effectiveness of task shifting of mental health services in populations with HIV. OBJECTIVE: This trial aims to evaluate the effectiveness of group support psychotherapy delivered by trained lay health workers to persons living with HIV (PLWH) with depression in primary care. METHODS: Thirty eligible primary care health centers across three districts were randomly allocated to have their lay health workers trained to deliver group support psychotherapy (intervention arm) or group HIV education and treatment as usual (control arm) to PLWH with depression...
December 11, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224570/mapping-the-evidence-on-pharmacological-interventions-for-non-affective-psychosis-in-humanitarian-non-specialised-settings-a-unhcr-clinical-guidance
#5
Giovanni Ostuzzi, Corrado Barbui, Charlotte Hanlon, Sudipto Chatterjee, Julian Eaton, Lynne Jones, Derrick Silove, Peter Ventevogel
BACKGROUND: Populations exposed to humanitarian emergencies are particularly vulnerable to mental health problems, including new onset, relapse and deterioration of psychotic disorders. Inadequate care for this group may lead to human rights abuses and even premature death. The WHO Mental Health Gap Action Programme Intervention Guide (mhGAP-IG), and its adaptation for humanitarian settings (mhGAP-HIG), provides guidance for management of mental health conditions by non-specialised healthcare professionals...
December 11, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209694/workers-safety-in-public-psychiatric-services-problems-laws-and-protections
#6
F Carabellese, M Urbano, A Coluccia, G Gualtieri
The dramatic case of murder of a psychiatrist during her service in her public office (Centro di Salute Mentale of Bari-Libertà) has led the authors to reflect on the safety of workplaces, in detail of public psychiatric services. It is in the light of current legislation, represented by the Legislative Decree of April 9th, 2008 no. 81, which states the implementing rules of Law 123/2007. In particular, the Authors analyzed the criticalities of the application of this Law, with the aim of safeguarding the health and safety of the workers in all psychiatric services (nursing departments, outpatient clinics, community centers, day care centers, etc...
November 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200799/improving-police-interventions-during-mental-health-related-encounters-past-present-and-future
#7
Jennifer D Wood, Amy C Watson
There are calls across America for police to re-imagine themselves as "guardians" rather than "warriors" in the performance of their innumerable duties. The contentious history of police attitudes and practices surrounding encounters with people affected by mental illnesses can be understood through the lens of this wider push toward guardianship. At least as far back as the de-institutionalization of mental health care and the profound lack of community-based resources to fill service deficits, the role of police as mental health interventionists has been controversial and complex...
2017: Policing & Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198393/differential-diagnosis-in-archaeology
#8
D F Lawler
Diagnosing archaeological bone specimens can be likened to practices used in medical and veterinary medical health care. Increasing the rigor of archaeological diagnosis can be supported by a systematic approach derived from health care settings. The process of information synthesis and diagnosis can be viewed as being very similar among these disciplines. A first diagnostic step is developing an Initial Information Set (sometimes called an Initial Database in health care environments) from descriptive data about the archaeological specimen or the patient, accompanied by recording environmental and ecological observations...
December 2017: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194885/evaluating-effectiveness-in-adolescent-mental-health-inpatient-units-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Claire Hayes, Magenta Simmons, Christine Simons, Malcolm Hopwood
Adolescent mental health research is a developing area. Inpatient units are the most widely used acute element of adolescent mental health services internationally. Little is known about inpatient units, particularly when it comes to measuring improvement for adolescents. Clinical outcome measurement in the broad context has gathered momentum in recent years, driven by the need to assess services. The measurement of outcomes for adolescents who access inpatient care is critical, as they are particularly vulnerable and are often considered the most difficult to treat...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194328/the-power-of-the-frame-systems-transformation-framework-for-health-care-leaders
#10
Kathy A Scott, Janice Pringle
Health care leaders are responsible for oversight of multiple and competing change interventions. These interventions regularly fail to achieve the desired outcomes and/or sustainable results. This often occurs because of the mental models and approaches that are used to plan, design, implement, and evaluate the system. These do not account for inherent characteristics that determine the system's likely ability to innovate while maintaining operational effectiveness. Theories exist on how to assess a system's readiness to change, but the definitions, constructs, and assessments are diverse and often look at facets of systems in isolation...
January 2018: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181091/parenting-and-child-mental-health
#11
Rachael Ryan, Christine O'Farrelly, Paul Ramchandani
This paper reviews parenting programmes and their effectiveness with families of young children and highlights additional resources for primary care practitioners. Typically, 30% of GP consultations concern child behaviour problems and established behaviour problems can have lasting effects on children's life chances. These problems can be identified in infancy and toddlerhood.Parenting is a key risk factor in their development and maintenance, yet is also amenable to change. In this paper we consider six parenting programmes that are widely evaluated and/or available in the U...
November 2017: London Journal of Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179832/capturing-the-interpersonal-process-of-psychiatric-nurses-a-model-for-engagement
#12
REVIEW
Kathleen R Delaney, Mona Shattell, Mary E Johnson
Staff members' engagement with patients is a critical element of inpatient psychiatric care, essential to safety, the hospitalization experience and the development of a culture of care. Currently broad concerns exist around the amount of time inpatient psychiatric nurses expend in patient engagement and the quality of these interactions. In this paper we present a model of engagement that clarifies necessary skills to support the engagement process. The model is based on Peplau's theory of interpersonal relations, patients' ideas on healing elements of psychiatric hospitalization and research on inpatient therapeutic relationships...
December 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179820/early-intervention-in-psychosis-health-of-the-nation-outcome-scales-honos-outcomes-from-a-five-year-prospective-study
#13
Steve J Penno, Bridget Hamilton, Melissa Petrakis
INTRODUCTION: Over the last two decades, mental health services internationally have shifted towards intervening early in psychosis. The critical period for intervention is estimated to be five-years and many specialised programs target early psychosis. AIM/QUESTION: This prospective cohort study aimed to evaluate five-year outcomes from an early psychosis program (EPP) that adopted an integrated model, providing nursing and multidisciplinary community mental healthcare to clients aged 16-65years, beyond the typical age range of 16-25years...
December 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168290/gating-the-holes-in-the-swiss-cheese-part-i-expanding-professor-reason-s-model-for-patient-safety
#14
Shashi S Seshia, G Bryan Young, Michael Makhinson, Preston A Smith, Kent Stobart, Pat Croskerry
INTRODUCTION: Although patient safety has improved steadily, harm remains a substantial global challenge. Additionally, safety needs to be ensured not only in hospitals but also across the continuum of care. Better understanding of the complex cognitive factors influencing health care-related decisions and organizational cultures could lead to more rational approaches, and thereby to further improvement. HYPOTHESIS: A model integrating the concepts underlying Reason's Swiss cheese theory and the cognitive-affective biases plus cascade could advance the understanding of cognitive-affective processes that underlie decisions and organizational cultures across the continuum of care...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163666/addressing-culture-and-context-in-humanitarian-response-preparing-desk-reviews-to-inform-mental-health-and-psychosocial-support
#15
M Claire Greene, Mark J D Jordans, Brandon A Kohrt, Peter Ventevogel, Laurence J Kirmayer, Ghayda Hassan, Anna Chiumento, Mark van Ommeren, Wietse A Tol
Delivery of effective mental health and psychosocial support programs requires knowledge of existing health systems and socio-cultural context. To respond rapidly to humanitarian emergencies, international organizations often seek to design programs according to international guidelines and mobilize external human resources to manage and deliver programs. Familiarizing international humanitarian practitioners with local culture and contextualizing programs is essential to minimize risk of harm, maximize benefit, and optimize efficient use of resources...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157496/medical-considerations-in-children-and-adolescents-with-eating-disorders
#16
REVIEW
Diane DerMarderosian, Heather A Chapman, Christina Tortolani, Matthew D Willis
Eating disorders are a group of psychiatric disorders with potentially fatal medical complications. Early integrated care including the family as well as pediatric medicine, nutrition, psychology and psychiatry is critical for improving prognosis and limiting negative outcomes. Mental health services are a critical component of treatment; timely weight restoration maximizes efficacy. Despite being relatively common, there are many misperceptions about eating disorders, their severity, and the associated morbidity and mortality...
January 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157221/the-failure-of-suicide-prevention-in-primary-care-family-and-gp-perspectives-a-qualitative-study
#17
Gerard Leavey, Sharon Mallon, Janeet Rondon-Sulbaran, Karen Galway, Michael Rosato, Lynette Hughes
BACKGROUND: Although Primary care is crucial for suicide prevention, clinicians tend to report completed suicides in their care as non-preventable. We aimed to examine systemic inadequacies in suicide prevention from the perspectives of bereaved family members and GPs. METHODS: Qualitative study of 72 relatives or close friends bereaved by suicide and 19 General Practitioners who have experienced the suicide of patients. RESULTS: Relatives highlight failures in detecting symptoms and behavioral changes and the inability of GPs to understand the needs of patients and their social contexts...
November 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155486/toxic-stress-and-child-refugees
#18
John S Murray
The purpose of this article was to describe the phenomenon of toxic stress and its impact on the physical and mental health of child refugees. Almost two decades ago, researchers found that recurring adverse childhood events (ACEs; e.g., physical, psychological, and sexual abuse, neglect, and household dysfunction such as substance abuse, mental illness, and criminal behavior) were associated with a significant increase in serious illnesses during adulthood. Illnesses include heart, lung, and liver disease, cancer, and bone fractures...
November 20, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151851/participation-in-mental-healthcare-a-qualitative-meta-synthesis
#19
REVIEW
Norman J Stomski, Paul Morrison
Background: Facilitation of service user participation in the co-production of mental healthcare planning and service delivery is an integral component of contemporary mental health policy and clinical guidelines. However, many service users continue to experience exclusion from the planning of their care. This review synthesizes qualitative research about participation in mental healthcare and articulates essential processes that enable service user participation in mental health care...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147950/mental-health-consultation-among-ontario-s-immigrant-populations
#20
Farah Islam, Nazilla Khanlou, Alison Macpherson, Hala Tamim
To determine the prevalence rates and characteristics of past-year mental health consultation for Ontario's adult (18 + years old) immigrant populations. The Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) 2012 was used to calculate the prevalence rates of past-year mental health consultation by service provider type. Characteristics associated with mental health consultation were determined by carrying out multivariable logistic regression analysis on merged CCHS 2008-2012 data. Adult immigrant populations in Ontario (n = 3995) had lower estimated prevalence rates of past-year mental health consultation across all service provider types compared to Canadian-born populations (n = 14,644)...
November 16, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
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