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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663159/synchronous-solid-pseudopapillary-tumor-and-insulinoma-in-an-adolescent-men1-patient-presenting-with-diagnostic-dilemmas
#1
Ahmet Uçar, Banu Özgüven, Muharrem Battal, Felda Alpaslan, Evrim Özmen, Aylin Yetim, Yasin Yılmaz
Multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN1) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by primary hyperparathyroidism, enteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, and anterior pituitary adenomas. A 16-year-old male presented to the emergency outpatient clinic with tonic convulsions. Physical examination in the postconvulsive period was unremarkable and revealed a muscular, postpubertal adolescent. Biochemical tests at admission were consistent with hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia and remarkable for elevated levels of liver transaminases and creatine kinase...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648787/online-turbulent-flow-extraction-coupled-with-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-for-high-throughput-screening-of-anabolic-steroids-in-horse-urine
#2
Hyun Du Shin, Joon Hyuk Suh, Junghyun Kim, Hyun-Deok Cho, Su Duk Lee, Kwan Seok Han, Yu Wang, Sang Beom Han
A high throughput method for simultaneous screening of anabolic steroids and their metabolites (4-esterendione, trenbolone, boldenone, oxandrolone, nandrolone, methandrostenolone, testosterone, 1-androstendione, ethisterone, normethandrolone, methyltestosterone, 16β-Hydroxystanozolol, epitestosterone, bolasterone, norethandrolone, danazol, stanozolol and androstadienone) in equine urine by online turbulent flow extraction coupled with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was developed. The use of turbulent flow chromatography could simplify pretreatment of horse urine, which has complex matrices as well as high viscosity...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604639/inhibitory-effects-of-diclofenac-on-steroid-glucuronidation-in-vivo-do-not-affect-hair-based-doping-tests-for-stanozolol
#3
Gergely Zachár, Naved I K Deshmukh, Andrea Petróczi, Andrea D Székely, Iltaf Shah, James Barker, Declan P Naughton
In vitro studies show that diclofenac inhibits enzymatic steroid glucuronidation. This study was designed to investigate the influence of diclofenac on the excretion of stanozolol and 3'-hydroxystanozolol via analyses in hair, blood and urine in vivo in a rat study. Brown Norway rats were administered with stanozolol (weeks 1-3) and diclofenac (weeks 1-6). Weekly assessment of steroid levels in hair was complemented with spot urine and serum tests. Levels of both stanozolol and 3'-hydroxystanozolol steadily increased in hair during stanozolol treatment and decreased post-treatment, but remained readily detectable for 6 weeks...
June 12, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352339/determination-of-dna-damage-and-telomerase-activity-in-stanozolol-treated-rats
#4
Mehtap Kara, Eren Ozcagli, Persefoni Fragkiadaki, Tugba Kotil, Polychronis D Stivaktakis, Demetrios A Spandidos, Aristides M Tsatsakis, Buket Alpertunga
Anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) are performance-enhancing drugs commonly abused by atheletes. Stanozolol is a synthetic testosterone-derived anabolic steroid. Although it is well known that AAS have several side-effects, there are only few toxicological studies available on the toxic effects and mechanisms of action of stanozolol. The aim of this study was to investigate the genotoxic effects of stanozolol and to determine its effects on telomerase activity in Sprague-Dawley male rats. For this purpose, 34 male rats were divided into 5 groups as follows: i) the control group (n=5); ii) the propylene glycol (PG)-treated group (n=5); iii) the stanozolol-treated group (n=8); iv) the PG-treated group subjected to exercise (n=8); and v) the stanozolol-treated group subjected to exercise (n=8)...
February 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236045/detection-and-quantification-of-12-anabolic-steroids-and-analogs-in-human-whole-blood-and-20-in-hair-using-lc-hrms-ms-application-to-real-cases
#5
Nicolas Fabresse, Stanislas Grassin-Delyle, Isabelle Etting, Jean-Claude Alvarez
We developed and validated a method to detect and quantify 12 anabolic steroids in blood (androstenedione, dihydrotestosterone, boldenone, epitestosterone, mesterolone, methandienone, nandrolone, stanozolol, norandrostenedione, tamoxifene, testosterone, trenbolone) and eight more in hair samples (nandrolone phenylpropionate, nandrolone decanoate, testosterone propionate, testosterone benzoate, testosterone cypionate, testosterone decanoate, testosterone phenylpropionate, testosterone undecanoate) using liquid chromatography coupled to high-resolution mass spectrometry...
February 24, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105335/detection-of-stanozolol-in-the-urine-of-athletes-at-a-pg-level-the-possibility-of-passive-exposure
#6
Christina Tsitsimpikou, Konstantinos Tsarouhas, Demetrios A Spandidos, Aristides M Tsatsakis
Stanozolol is a synthetic heterocyclic steroid with anabolic and androgenic properties, which has been abused by several high-profile professional athletes. Stanozolol is also used in veterinary medicine to increase appetite, cause weight gain and treat certain types of anemia. The detection of stanozolol metabolites in human urine for doping control purposes depends on the analytical method applied. The most commonly applied methods in the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA)-accredited doping control laboratories are gas chromatography/high-resolution mass spectrometry (GC/HRMS) or gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS/MS)...
December 2016: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009930/incorporation-of-a-metabolizing-system-in-biodetection-assays-for-endocrine-active-substances
#7
Julie Mollergues, Barbara van Vugt-Lussenburg, Christian Kirchnawy, Reka Anna Bandi, Rosan B van der Lee, Maricel Marin-Kuan, Benoit Schilter, Karma C Fussell
The use of in vitro assays is important for the biodetection of endocrine active substances (EAS), reducing and replacing the in vivo studies required for regulatory assessment. However, this approach often fails to take into account the role of biotransformation on the activity of the test substances. A method incorporating an S9 metabolic system into the CALUX-reporter gene assays for estrogen receptor α- and anti-androgen receptor -mediated activities has been developed. Methoxychlor, which is known to exhibit increased estrogenic and anti-androgenic activities after biotransformation, was used to set up the method in ERa and anti-AR CALUX...
December 22, 2016: ALTEX
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896593/biochemical-and-oxidative-stress-markers-in-the-liver-and-kidneys-of-rats-submitted-to-different-protocols-of-anabolic-steroids
#8
Guilherme Lopes Dornelles, Andressa Bueno, Juliana Sorraila de Oliveira, Aleksandro Schafer da Silva, Raqueli Teresinha França, Cássia Bagolin da Silva, Márcia Silveira Netto Machado, Letícia do Santos Petry, Fátima Husein Abdalla, Cibele Lima Lhamas, Cinthia Melazzo de Andrade
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of different protocols (P1, P2, and P3) of boldenone undecylenate (BU) and stanozolol (ST) on markers of liver and kidney function and variables of oxidative stress in these organs. For this, 54 male Wistar rats were divided into nine groups of six animals each. Each animal received intramuscularly 5.0 mg kg(-1) of BU or ST once a week for 4 weeks (P1); 2.5 mg kg(-1) of BU or ST once a week for 8 weeks (P2); and 1.25 mg kg(-1) of BU or ST once a week for 12 weeks (P3)...
January 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866079/multimodal-plasmonic-biosensing-nanostructures-prepared-by-dna-directed-immobilization-of-multifunctional-dna-gold-nanoparticles
#9
Nuria Tort, J-Pablo Salvador, M-Pilar Marco
Biofunctional multimodal plasmonic nanostructures suitable for multiplexed localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) biosensing have been created by DNA-directed immobilization (DDI) of two distinct multifunctional biohybrid gold nanoparticles. Gold nanoparticles (AuNP) of distinct sizes, and therefore showing distinct plasmon resonant peaks (RP), have been biofunctionalized and codified with two different single stranded-DNA (ssDNA) chains. One of these oligonucleotide chains has been specifically designed to direct each AuNP to a distinct location of the surface of a DNA microarray chip through specific hybridization with complementary oligonucleotide strands...
April 15, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842983/a-novel-hplc-mrm-strategy-to-discover-unknown-and-long-term-metabolites-of-stanozolol-for-expanding-analytical-possibilities-in-doping-control
#10
Zhe Wang, Xinmiao Zhou, Xin Liu, Ying Dong, Jinlan Zhang
Stanozolol is one of the most commonly abused anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) by athletes and usually detected by its parent drug and major metabolites. However, its metabolic pathway is complex, varied and individually different, it is important to characterize its overall metabolic profiles and discover new and long-term metabolites for the aims of expanding detection windows. High performance liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole mass spectrometer (HPLC-MS/MS) was used to analyze the human urine after oral administration of stanozolol...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714936/detection-of-stanozolol-o-and-n-sulfate-metabolites-and-their-evaluation-as-additional-markers-in-doping-control
#11
Georgina Balcells, Xavier Matabosch, Rosa Ventura
Stanozolol (STAN) is one of the most frequently detected anabolic androgenic steroids in sports drug testing. STAN misuse is commonly detected by monitoring metabolites excreted conjugated with glucuronic acid after enzymatic hydrolysis or using direct detection by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). It is well known that some of the previously described metabolites are the result of the formation of sulfate conjugates in C17, which are converted to their 17-epimers in urine. Therefore, sulfation is an important phase II metabolic pathway of STAN that has not been comprehensively studied...
July 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693991/simplifying-and-expanding-analytical-capabilities-for-various-classes-of-doping-agents-by-means-of-direct-urine-injection-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-high-resolution-high-accuracy-mass-spectrometry
#12
Christian Görgens, Sven Guddat, Andreas Thomas, Philipp Wachsmuth, Anne-Katrin Orlovius, Gerd Sigmund, Mario Thevis, Wilhelm Schänzer
So far, in sports drug testing compounds of different classes are processed and measured using different screening procedures. The constantly increasing number of samples in doping analysis, as well as the large number of substances with doping related, pharmacological effects require the development of even more powerful assays than those already employed in sports drug testing, indispensably with reduced sample preparation procedures. The analysis of native urine samples after direct injection provides a promising analytical approach, which thereby possesses a broad applicability to many different compounds and their metabolites, without a time-consuming sample preparation...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687418/perioperative-course-in-patients-with-hereditary-or-acquired-angioedema
#13
Lisa S MacBeth, Gerald W Volcheck, Juraj Sprung, Toby N Weingarten
PURPOSE: Two types of bradykinin-mediated angioedema, hereditary angioedema (HAE) and acquired angioedema (AAE), result from deficiency or dysfunction of C1 esterase inhibitor, leading to an overproduction of bradykinin, which can lead to vascular permeability and life-threatening angioedema of the airway. The objective of this study was to review perioperative outcomes in a series of patients with HAE and AAE and to review current knowledge about anesthetic complications in patients with HAE or AAE...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27272124/blood-biochemical-and-oxidant-antioxidant-alterations-following-stanozolol-treatment-along-with-resistance-training-in-rats
#14
Z Tahernejad, H Baghshani, A Rashidlamir
This study was designed to determine the effects of anabolic steroid stanozolol (ST) in conjunction with 8 weeks of resistance training on some blood biochemical and oxidant/antioxidant profile in rats. Twenty-four male rats were divided into four groups of six each: group 1: sedentary + placebo (physiological saline), group 2: training + placebo, group 3: training + ST (2 mg kg(-1) b.w.) and group 4: training + ST (5 mg kg(-1) b.w.). Erythrocytic activity of glutathione peroxidase was increased significantly in group 4 as compared to control group...
March 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27184497/acute-myocardial-infarction-in-a-young-bodybuilder-taking-anabolic-androgenic-steroids-a-case-report-and-critical-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Georgios A Christou, Konstantinos A Christou, Dimitrios N Nikas, John A Goudevenos
We describe a case report of a 30-year-old bodybuilder suffering acute myocardial infarction (AMI). He had been taking stanozolol and testosterone for two months. The coronary angiogram showed high thrombotic burden in the left anterior descending artery without underlying atherosclerosis. Few case reports of AMI in athletes taking anabolic androgenic steroids (AASs) have been reported so far. AAS-related AMI is possibly underreported in the medical literature due to the desire of the affected individuals to hide AAS use...
November 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26801156/stanozolol-decreases-bone-turnover-markers-increases-mineralization-and-alters-femoral-geometry-in-male-rats
#16
E Nebot, V A Aparicio, D Camiletti-Moirón, R Martinez, R G Erben, G Kapravelou, C Sánchez-González, C De Teresa, J M Porres, M López-Jurado, P Aranda, P Pietschmann
Stanozonol (ST) is a synthetic derivative of testosterone; it has anabolic/androgenic activity, increasing both the turnover of trabecular bone and the endocortical apposition of bone. The present study aimed to examine the effects of ST on bone status in rats by bone mineral content, markers of formation and resorption, bone density, and structural and microarchitectural parameters. Twenty male Wistar rats were randomly distributed into two experimental groups corresponding to placebo or ST administration, which consisted of weekly intramuscular injections of 10 mg/kg body weight of ST...
2016: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26252547/high-intensity-exercise-modifies-the-effects-of-stanozolol-on-brain-oxidative-stress-in-rats
#17
D Camiletti-Moirón, V A Aparicio, E Nebot, G Medina, R Martínez, G Kapravelou, A Andrade, J M Porres, M López-Jurado, P Aranda
We analyzed the effects of high-intensity exercise (HIE) and anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) on brain redox status. 40 male Wistar rats were randomly distributed in 4 experimental groups (n=10) with or without HIE and with or without weekly Stanozolol administration. Thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARs) and protein carbonyl content (PCC) were assessed. Total superoxide dismutase (tSOD), manganese superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD), copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (CuZn-SOD) and catalase (CAT) activities were measured...
November 2015: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26174462/bile-cast-nephropathy-due-to-cholestatic-jaundice-after-using-stanozolol-in-2-amateur-bodybuilders
#18
Seyed Morteza Tabatabaee, Reza Elahi, Shokoufeh Savaj
Elevated level of bile can cause bile cast nephropathy, which can be seen in patients with severe cholestatic liver disease. Stanozolol is a C17α-alkylation steroid derived from dihydrotestosterone and its major adverse effect is cholestatic jaundice. We report 2 bodybuilders who received stanozolol for 6 weeks and developed icterus. Serum total bilirubin was around 50 mg/dL. Liver biopsy showed intrahepatic cholestasis. In spite of fluid and albumin therapy, serum creatinine increased and the patients experienced oliguria...
July 2015: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25824243/therapeutic-effects-of-growth-hormone-combined-with-low-dose-stanozolol-on-growth-velocity-and-final-height-of-girls-with-turner-syndrome
#19
Hui Xiong, Hong-Shan Chen, Min-Lian Du, Yan-Hong Li, Hua-Mei Ma, Zhe Su, Qiu-Li Chen
OBJECTIVE: Turner syndrome (TS), which is characterized by short stature and gonadal dysfunction, is managed by pharmacotherapy. This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effects of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) combined with low-dose stanozolol on the growth and final adult height (FAH) of girls with Turner syndrome (TS). DESIGN: Prospective study. PATIENTS: A total of 44 girls with TS were treated with rhGH (47·6-52·4 μg/kg/day) and low-dose stanozolol (20-35 μg/kg/day), starting at a mean age of 12·65 ± 1·99 year...
August 2015: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25804946/anabolic-androgenic-steroid-induced-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy
#20
Angelo Placci, Gianluigi Sella, Giancarlo Bellanti, Massimo Margheri
Anabolic steroid abuse, aimed at increasing muscle mass, has been growing in recent years. We describe a case of a 25-year-old bodybuilder who, after taking nandrolone and stanozolol, presented with Takotsubo syndrome. The angiography showed a normal coronary anatomy with the absence of stenosis. The left ventricular function was completely normalised after 1 week.
March 24, 2015: BMJ Case Reports
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