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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322013/evidence-of-boldenone-nandrolone-5-10-estrene-3%C3%AE-17%C3%AE-diol-and-4-estrene-3-17-dione-as-minor-metabolites-of-testosterone-in-equine
#1
Jenny K Y Wong, David K K Leung, Peter Curl, Peter J Schiff, Kenneth K H Lam, Terence S M Wan
The detection of boldenone, nandrolone, 5(10)-estrene-3β,17α-diol and 4-estrene-3,17-dione in a urine sample collected from a gelding having been treated with testosterone (500 mg "Testosterone Suspension 100", single dose, injected intramuscularly) in 2009 led the authors' laboratory to suspect that these 'testicular' steroids could be minor metabolites of testosterone in geldings. Administration trials on six castrated horses with "Testosterone Suspension 100" confirmed that low levels of boldenone, nandrolone, 5(10)-estrene-3β,17α-diol and 4-estrene-3,17-dione could indeed be detected and confirmed in the early post-administration urine samples from all six geldings...
March 20, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236045/detection-and-quantification-of-12-anabolic-steroids-and-analogs-in-human-whole-blood-and-20-in-hair-using-lc-hrms-ms-application-to-real-cases
#2
Nicolas Fabresse, Stanislas Grassin-Delyle, Isabelle Etting, Jean-Claude Alvarez
We developed and validated a method to detect and quantify 12 anabolic steroids in blood (androstenedione, dihydrotestosterone, boldenone, epitestosterone, mesterolone, methandienone, nandrolone, stanozolol, norandrostenedione, tamoxifene, testosterone, trenbolone) and eight more in hair samples (nandrolone phenylpropionate, nandrolone decanoate, testosterone propionate, testosterone benzoate, testosterone cypionate, testosterone decanoate, testosterone phenylpropionate, testosterone undecanoate) using liquid chromatography coupled to high-resolution mass spectrometry...
February 24, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215508/biocatalyst-mediated-production-of-11-15-dihydroxy-derivatives-of-androst-1-4-dien-3-17-dione
#3
Yuqian Qiao, Yanbing Shen, Wei Huang, Yanping Wang, Jiajia Ren, Ting Xia, Min Wang
Hydroxylation of steroids at various positions is a powerful tool for the production of valuable pharmaceutical ingredients and precursors. Our paper reported the synchronous dihydroxylation of an efficient strain, i.e., Colletotrichum lini AS3.4486, at two points. C. lini AS3.4486 was selected from 10 strains; this strain can catalyze the dihydroxylation of androst-1,4-dien-3,17-dione at C-11α and C-15α positions. Transformation of ADD(I) by C. lini AS3.4486 produced metabolites II-IV. The structures of these compounds were elucidated by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS), Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and X-ray as 15-hydroxyandrost-1,4-dien-3,17-dione (15α-OH-ADD; II), 11,15-dihydroxyandrost-1,4-dien-3,17-dione (11,15-diOH-ADD; III), and 15,17β-dihy-droxyandrost-1,4-dien-3-one (15-OH-BD; BD is the abbreviation of boldenone; IV)...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166954/impacts-of-dose-and-time-of-boldenone-and-stanazolol-exposure-in-inflammatory-markers-oxidative-and-nitrosative-stress-and-histopathological-changes-in-the-rat-testes
#4
Andressa Bueno, Fabiano B Carvalho, Jessié M Gutierres, Cibele L Lhamas, Indiara Brusco, Sara M Oliveira, Marta G Amaral, Guilherme Dorneles, Juliana Sorraila, Marta M Duarte, Cinthia M de Andrade
The present study was conducted to analyze the adverse effects of the anabolic steroids boldenone (BOL) and stanazolol (ST) in the reproductive function of male rats. These molecules were administered using three different protocols. In Protocol I, BOL and ST were administered in a higher dose than what is recommended but for a short period. In Protocol II, a moderate dose of these compounds was applied for an intermediate period, whereas in Protocol III a reduced dose was administered but for an extended period...
March 1, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107105/optimised-deconjugation-of-androgenic-steroid-conjugates-in-bovine-urine
#5
Mikael Pedersen, Henrik L Frandsen, Jens H Andersen
After administration of steroids to animals the steroids are partially metabolised in the liver and kidney to phase 2 metabolites, i.e., glucuronic acid or sulphate conjugates. During analysis these conjugated metabolites are normally deconjugated enzymatically with aryl sulphatase and glucuronidase resulting in free steroids in the extract. It is well known that some sulphates are not deconjugated using aryl sulphatase; instead, for example, solvolysis can be used for deconjugation of these aliphatic sulphates...
April 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896593/biochemical-and-oxidative-stress-markers-in-the-liver-and-kidneys-of-rats-submitted-to-different-protocols-of-anabolic-steroids
#6
Guilherme Lopes Dornelles, Andressa Bueno, Juliana Sorraila de Oliveira, Aleksandro Schafer da Silva, Raqueli Teresinha França, Cássia Bagolin da Silva, Márcia Silveira Netto Machado, Letícia do Santos Petry, Fátima Husein Abdalla, Cibele Lima Lhamas, Cinthia Melazzo de Andrade
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of different protocols (P1, P2, and P3) of boldenone undecylenate (BU) and stanozolol (ST) on markers of liver and kidney function and variables of oxidative stress in these organs. For this, 54 male Wistar rats were divided into nine groups of six animals each. Each animal received intramuscularly 5.0 mg kg(-1) of BU or ST once a week for 4 weeks (P1); 2.5 mg kg(-1) of BU or ST once a week for 8 weeks (P2); and 1.25 mg kg(-1) of BU or ST once a week for 12 weeks (P3)...
January 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487497/effects-of-boldenone-undecylenate-on-growth-performance-maintenance-behaviour-reproductive-hormones-and-carcass-traits-of-growing-rabbits
#7
H H Mohammed, M E Badawi, M S El-Tarabany, M Rania
The present study was done to evaluate the effect of boldenone undecylenate (BOL) on growth performance, maintenance behaviour, reproductive hormones and carcass traits of male rabbits. Sixty apparently healthy New Zealand White male rabbits, 5 weeks of age, were allotted to 3 equal groups. Each group was subdivided into 5 replicates, where the first group is control. The second group (B1) comprised rabbits that received 2 intramuscular injections of BOL (5 mg/kg) with 3 week intervals (9 and 12 weeks of age), while the third group (B2) included rabbits that received 3 intramuscular injections of BOL (5 mg/kg) with 2 week intervals (8, 10 and 12 weeks of age)...
2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26472592/analysis-of-anabolic-androgenic-steroids-as-sulfate-conjugates-using-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-coupled-to-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#8
S Rzeppa, G Heinrich, P Hemmersbach
Improvements in doping analysis can be effected by speeding up analysis time and extending the detection time. Therefore, direct detection of phase II conjugates of doping agents, especially anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS), is proposed. Besides direct detection of conjugates with glucuronic acid, the analysis of sulfate conjugates, which are usually not part of the routine doping control analysis, can be of high interest. Sulfate conjugates of methandienone and methyltestosterone metabolites have already been identified as long-term metabolites...
November 2015: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26352508/generation-of-phase-ii-in-vitro-metabolites-using-homogenized-horse-liver
#9
Jenny K Y Wong, George H M Chan, David K K Leung, Francis P W Tang, Terence S M Wan
The successful use of homogenized horse liver for the generation of phase I in vitro metabolites has been previously reported by the authors' laboratory. Prior to the use of homogenized liver, the authors' laboratory had been using mainly horse liver microsomes for carrying out equine in vitro metabolism studies. Homogenized horse liver has shown significant advantages over liver microsomes for in vitro metabolism studies as the procedures are much quicker and have higher capability for generating more in vitro metabolites...
February 2016: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26319750/metabolism-study-of-boldenone-in-human-urine-by-gas-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Xinchen Wu, Feng Gao, Wenxin Zhang, Jian Ni
Boldenone (BOLD), an anabolic steroid, is likely to be abused in livestock breeding and in sports. Although some of BOLD metabolites in human urine, such as 5β-adrost-1-en-17β-ol-3-one (BM1), have been detected, investigations on their excretion patterns for both genders are insufficient. Moreover, little research on 17α-BOLD glucuronide as a metabolite in human urine has been reported. The aim of this study is to make a contribution to the knowledge of 17β-BOLD metabolism in humans. Three male and three female volunteers were orally administrated with 30mg 17β-BOLD...
November 10, 2015: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26041220/suitability-of-bovine-bile-compared-to-urine-for-detection-of-free-sulfate-and-glucuronate-boldenone-androstadienedione-cortisol-cortisone-prednisolone-prednisone-and-dexamethasone-by-lc-ms-ms
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Luca Chiesa, Maria Nobile, Sara Panseri, Daniele Vigo, Radmila Pavlovic, Francesco Arioli
The administration of boldenone and androstadienedione to cattle is forbidden in the European Union, while prednisolone is permitted for therapeutic purposes. They are pseudoendogenous substances (endogenously produced under certain circumstances). The commonly used matrices in control analyses are urine or liver. With the aim of improving the residue controls, we previously validated a method for steroid analysis in bile. We now compare urine (a 'classic' matrix) to bile, both collected at the slaughterhouse, to understand whether the detection of steroids in the latter is easier...
December 1, 2015: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26031748/metabolic-study-of-androsta-1-4-6-triene-3-17-dione-in-horses-using-liquid-chromatography-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry
#12
Wai Him Kwok, Gary N W Leung, Terence S M Wan, Peter Curl, Peter J Schiff
Androsta-1,4,6-triene-3,17-dione (ATD) is an irreversible steroidal aromatase inhibitor and is marketed as a supplement. It has been reported to effectively reduce estrogen biosynthesis and significantly increase the levels of endogenous steroids such as dihydrotestosterone and testosterone in human. ATD abuses have been reported in human sports. Its metabolism in human has been studied, and the in vitro metabolic study of ATD in horses has been reported, however, little is known about its biotransformation and elimination in horses...
August 2015: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26025555/the-development-and-single-laboratory-validation-of-a-method-for-the-determination-of-steroid-residues-in-fish-and-fish-products
#13
Lynn Watson, Ross Potter, Cory Murphy, Ryan Gibbs
Due to potential use in aquacultured fish products, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency has identified residue testing for steroids as a priority. These compounds are used in aquaculture primarily to direct sexual differentiation with both androgens and estrogens applied depending on the desired outcome. Published research is lacking with respect to steroid residue testing in fish; however, recent studies in other matrixes provided transferable cleanup techniques. A simple, rapid, and sensitive method was developed and validated for use in monitoring aquacultured fish products for the presence of methyltestosterone, nandrolone, epi-nandrolone, boldenone, and epi-boldenone residues...
May 2015: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25973986/screening-hybridomas-for-anabolic-androgenic-steroids-by-steroid-analog-antigen-microarray
#14
Hongwu Du, Guangyu Chen, Yongzhong Bian, Cenzan Xing, Xue Ding, Mengliang Zhu, Yiping Xun, Peng Chen, Yabin Zhou, Shaoxu Li
BACKGROUND: Currently, dozens of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) are forbidden in the World Anti-Doping Agency Prohibited List, however, despite extensive investigation, there are still lots of AAS without corresponding monoclonal antibodies. RESULTS: A steroid analog antigen microarray made up of ten AAS was fabricated to screen the hybridoma and it was found an original unsuccessful clone turned out to be a candidate anti-boldenone antibody, without any cross-reactions with endogenous AAS or 44 different AAS standard reference materials tested...
2015: Bioanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25903003/liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-method-to-determine-boldenone-in-bovine-liver-tissues
#15
Rodrigo H M M Granja, Alessandro G Salerno, Andreia C de Lima, Cynthia Montalvo, Karine V G Reche, Fabio M Giannotti, Amarylis C B A Wanschel
Boldenone, an androgenic steroid, is forbidden for use in meat production in most countries worldwide. Residues of this drug in food present a potential risk to consumers. A sensitive LC/MS/MS method for analysis of 17β-boldenone using boldenone-d3 as an internal standard was developed. An enzymatic hydrolysis and extraction using ethyl acetate, methanol, and hexane were performed in the sample preparation. Parameters such as decision limit (CCα), detection capability (CCβ), precision, recovery, and ruggedness were evaluated according to the Brazilian Regulation 24/2009 (equivalent to European Union Decision 2002/657/EC) and International Organization for Standardization/International Electrotechnical Commission 17025:2005...
September 2014: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25880245/determination-of-anabolic-androgenic-steroid-adulterants-in-counterfeit-drugs-by-uhplc-ms-ms
#16
So-Hyun Cho, Hyoung Joon Park, Ji Hyun Lee, Jung-Ah Do, Seok Heo, Jeong Hwa Jo, Sooyeul Cho
Anabolic-androgenic steroids (AASs) have been illegally used in counterfeit drugs to improve the performance of athletes. In addition, AASs have been used for cosmetic purpose by non-athletes. To determine the presence of 26 AASs, an analysis method using ultra-liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) was developed and validated. The validated method was applied to 19 counterfeit drugs collected from the Internet and off-line markets during 2014. Nearly 50% (9/19) of the samples contained one of these 26 AASs...
2015: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25768316/pseudoendogenous-presence-of-%C3%AE-boldenone-sulphate-and-glucuronide-in-untreated-young-bulls-from-the-food-chain
#17
Luca Chiesa, Elisa Pasquale, Sara Panseri, Francesca T Cannizzo, Bartolomeo Biolatti, Radmila Pavlovic, Francesco Arioli
The administration of boldenone (bold) to bovines, either for growth promotion or therapeutic purposes, has been banned in the EU since 1981. It is, however, a pseudoendogenous hormone, thus its detection in bovine urine, in the form of α-boldenone conjugates, is considered fully compliant up to 2 ng ml(-1). Greater attention has been placed on β-boldenone, the anabolic active epimer, whose conjugated form must be absent in urine. Recently, the identification of a biomarker representing unquestionable evidence of illicit treatment with bold or its precursor androstadienedione has been a major topic in the literature regarding the detection of residues in bovine urine, and β-boldenone sulphate is a candidate molecule...
2015: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25631391/enantioselective-palladium-catalyzed-dearomative-cyclization-for-the-efficient-synthesis-of-terpenes-and-steroids
#18
Kang Du, Pan Guo, Yuan Chen, Zhen Cao, Zheng Wang, Wenjun Tang
A novel enantioselective palladium-catalyzed dearomative cyclization has been developed for the efficient construction of a series of chiral phenanthrenone derivatives bearing an all-carbon quaternary center. The effectiveness of this method in the synthesis of terpenes and steroids was demonstrated by a highly efficient synthesis of a kaurene intermediate, the facile construction of the skeleton of the anabolic steroid boldenone, and the enantioselective total synthesis of the antimicrobial diterpene natural product (-)-totaradiol...
March 2, 2015: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25595834/a-validated-uhplc-ms-ms-method-to-quantify-low-levels-of-anabolic-androgenic-steroids-naturally-present-in-urine-of-untreated-horses
#19
Anneleen Decloedt, Ludovic Bailly-Chouriberry, Julie Vanden Bussche, Patrice Garcia, Marie-Agnes Popot, Yves Bonnaire, Lynn Vanhaecke
Doping control is a main priority for regulatory bodies of both the horse racing industry and the equestrian sports. Urine and blood samples are screened for the presence of hundreds of forbidden substances including anabolic-androgenic steroids (AASs). Based on the suspected endogenous origin of some AASs, with β-boldenone as the most illicit candidate, this study aimed to improve the knowledge of the naturally present AAS in horse urine. To this extent, a novel ultra high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) method was developed and validated according to the Association of Official Racing Chemists (AORC) and European Commission (EC) guidelines, proving the power of this new method...
June 2015: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25541059/formation-of-%C3%AE-1-and-%C3%AE-6-testosterone-metabolites-by-human-hepatocytes
#20
Andreu Fabregat, Josep Marcos, Rosa Ventura, Gregori Casals, Wladimiro Jimenez, Vedrana Reichenbach, Jordi Segura, Oscar J Pozo
The existence of urinary testosterone (T) metabolites conjugated with cysteine has been recently reported. The formation of a ring double bond by a phase I metabolic transformation and the subsequent nucleophilic conjugation with glutathione was proposed as a putative metabolic pathway for the occurrence of these metabolites in urine. The main goal of the present study was to confirm the first step of the postulated pathway. For that purpose, human hepatocyte cells systems were incubated with a pure T standard...
March 2015: Steroids
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