keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Place of death

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148290/single-centre-experience-with-the-impella-cp-5-0-and-rp-in-109-consecutive-patients-with-profound-cardiogenic-shock
#1
Peter Blom Jensen, Sigrun Høegholm Kann, Karsten Tange Veien, Ole Kristian Møller-Helgestad, Jordi Sanchez Dahl, Charlotte Svejstrup Rud, Marianne Kjær Jensen, Lisette Okkels Jensen, Henrik Schmidt, Jacob Eifer Møller
RATIONALE: Short-term mechanical circulatory support is increasingly used in the management of cardiogenic shock, but data from controlled studies are sparse. Thus, real-life data on complication rates and predictors of adverse outcome are important. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyse the experience with Impella devices in the management of profound cardiogenic shock. METHODS AND RESULTS: A retrospective study of 109 consecutive patients with severe shock after myocardial infarction, acute heart failure, or cardiac surgery...
November 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146926/correlations-and-forecast-of-death-tolls-in-the-syrian-conflict
#2
Kazuki Fujita, Shigeru Shinomoto, Luis E C Rocha
The Syrian armed conflict has been ongoing since 2011 and has already caused thousands of deaths. The analysis of death tolls helps to understand the dynamics of the conflict and to better allocate resources and aid to the affected areas. In this article, we use information on the daily number of deaths to study temporal and spatial correlations in the data, and exploit this information to forecast events of deaths. We found that the number of violent deaths per day in Syria varies more widely than that in England in which non-violent deaths dominate...
November 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143074/-additional-emergency-medical-measures-in-trauma-associated-cardiac-arrest
#3
B Ondruschka, C Baier, J Dreßler, A Höch, M Bernhard, C Kleber, C Buschmann
INTRODUCTION: More than half of all traumatic deaths happen in prehospital settings. Until now, there have been no long-term studies examining the actual additive treatment during trauma-associated cardiopulmonary resuscitation (tCPR), including pleural decompression, pericardiocentesis, tourniquets and external stabilization of the pelvis. The present cohort study evaluated forensic autopsy reports of trauma deaths occurring at the scene with respect to additive actions in preclinical tCPR as well as the potentially preventable nature of the individual death cases...
November 15, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142132/identification-of-a-small-molecule-that-compromises-the-structural-integrity-of-viroplasms-and-rotavirus-double-layered-particles
#4
Catherine Eichwald, Giuditta De Lorenzo, Elisabeth M Schraner, Guido Papa, Michela Bollati, Paolo Swuec, Matteo de Rosa, Mario Milani, Eloise Mastrangelo, Mathias Ackermann, Oscar R Burrone, Francesca Arnoldi
Despite the availability of two attenuated vaccines, rotavirus (RV) gastroenteritis remains an important cause of mortality among children in developing countries causing about 215,000 infant deaths annually. Currently, there are no specific antiviral therapies available. RV is a non-enveloped virus with a segmented double-stranded RNA genome. Viral genome replication and assembly of transcriptionally active double-layered particles (DLPs) take place in cytoplasmic viral structures called viroplasms. In this study, we describe strong impairment of the early stages of RV replication induced by a small molecule known as RNA polymerase III inhibitor, ML-60218 (ML)...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141897/effects-of-health-and-social-care-spending-constraints-on-mortality-in-england-a-time-trend-analysis
#5
Johnathan Watkins, Wahyu Wulaningsih, Charlie Da Zhou, Dominic C Marshall, Guia D C Sylianteng, Phyllis G Dela Rosa, Viveka A Miguel, Rosalind Raine, Lawrence P King, Mahiben Maruthappu
OBJECTIVE: Since 2010, England has experienced relative constraints in public expenditure on healthcare (PEH) and social care (PES). We sought to determine whether these constraints have affected mortality rates. METHODS: We collected data on health and social care resources and finances for England from 2001 to 2014. Time trend analyses were conducted to compare the actual mortality rates in 2011-2014 with the counterfactual rates expected based on trends before spending constraints...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141675/delayed-initiation-of-antenatal-care-and-associated-factors-in-ethiopia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Gezahegn Tesfaye, Deborah Loxton, Catherine Chojenta, Agumasie Semahegn, Roger Smith
BACKGROUND: Antenatal care uptake is among the key indicators for monitoring the progress of maternal outcomes. Early initiation of antenatal care facilitates the timely management and treatment of pregnancy complications to reduce maternal deaths. In Ethiopia, antenatal care utilization is generally low, and delayed initiation of care is very common. We aimed to systematically identify and synthesize available evidence on delayed initiation of antenatal care and the associated factors in Ethiopia...
November 15, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141458/the-selection-of-death-place-among-patients-receiving-hospital-based-palliative-care-service-in-taiwan
#7
Ching-Sung Ho
INTRODUCTION: To analyze the selection of a place to die and its related factors in patients who received hospice shared care service in Taiwan. METHODS: This study included patients who received hospice shared care service in a metropolitan hospital as the research participants. A total of 172 questionnaires were collected, and 146 of them were used as valid samples for analysis. This study applied the multivariate logistic regression analysis to assess the significance of independent variables associated with the selection of place of death...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140615/operator-exposure-to-hydrogen-sulfide-from-dairy-manure-storages-containing-gypsum-bedding
#8
Eileen E Fabian-Wheeler, Michael L Hile, Dennis J Murphy, Davis E Hill, Robert Meinen, Robin C Brandt, Hershel A Elliott, Daniel Hofstetter
Dairy manure storages containing gypsum-based bedding have been linked anecdotally with injury and death due to presumed dangerous levels of gases released. Recycled gypsum products are used as a cost-effective bedding alternative to improve animal welfare and provide agronomic benefits to manure recycled back to the land. Sulfur contained in gypsum (calcium sulfate) can contribute to hydrogen sulfide (H2S) gas formation under the anaerobic storage conditions typical of dairy manure slurry. Disturbance of stored manure during agitation releases a burst of volatile gases...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137653/prognostic-value-of-pam50-and-risk-of-recurrence-score-in-patients-with-early-stage-breast-cancer-with-long-term-follow-up
#9
Hege O Ohnstad, Elin Borgen, Ragnhild S Falk, Tonje G Lien, Marit Aaserud, My Anh T Sveli, Jon A Kyte, Vessela N Kristensen, Gry A Geitvik, Ellen Schlichting, Erik A Wist, Therese Sørlie, Hege G Russnes, Bjørn Naume
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of the PAM50 intrinsic subtypes and risk of recurrence (ROR) score in patients with early breast cancer and long-term follow-up. A special focus was placed on hormone receptor-positive/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HR+/HER2-) pN0 patients not treated with chemotherapy. METHODS: Patients with early breast cancer (n = 653) enrolled in the observational Oslo1 study (1995-1998) were followed for distant recurrence and breast cancer death...
November 14, 2017: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137093/an-incidental-encounter-of-a-rare-high-take-off-right-coronary-artery-a-case-report
#10
Xicheng Deng, Peng Huang, Wenjuan Chen, Xiaohui Yang, Qianjun Liu, Yunbin Xiao, Cheng He
RATIONALE: High take-off of the coronary arteries is a rare cardiac anatomic anomaly, which may occur independently or with other congenital heart defects. In the clinical setting, it is noteworthy as a cause of sudden cardiac death. Further, it is vital to identify such anomalies to avoid intraoperative catastrophes in surgeries for congenital heart defects. PATIENT CONCERNS: A II/6 systolic heart murmur on physical examination was incidentally found in a 9-year-old boy; he was confirmed to have a secundum-type atrial septal defect on echocardiography...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135088/the-role-of-toll-like-receptors-in-ovarian-cancer
#11
Vlad Gata, Ignat Florin Laurentiu
Ovarian cancer (OC) is the leading cause of death in gynecological malignancies in western countries. Chemoresistance represents a major issue and a better understanding of the interactions that take place within the tumor microenvironment is needed, such as the connection between inflammation and cancer. Toll like receptors (TLRs) are part of the basic mechanisms that are involved in the activation of the innate immune system, with extensive activation of various transcription factors, that subsequently lead to an adaptive immune response, making them key players that modulate the inflammatory response and tumor dynamics...
September 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133281/should-medical-assistance-in-dying-be-extended-to-incompetent-patients-with-dementia-research-protocol-of-a-survey-among-four-groups-of-stakeholders-from-quebec-canada
#12
Gina Bravo, Claudie Rodrigue, Vincent Thériault, Marcel Arcand, Jocelyn Downie, Marie-France Dubois, Sharon Kaasalainen, Cees M Hertogh, Sophie Pautex, Lieve Van den Block
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease and related disorders affect a growing number of people worldwide. Quality of life is generally good in the early stages of these diseases. However, many individuals fear living through the advanced stages. Such fears are triggering requests for medical assistance in dying (MAiD) by patients with dementia. Legislation was recently passed in Canada and the province of Quebec allowing MAiD at the explicit request of a patient who meets a set of eligibility criteria, including competence...
November 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132946/an-interview-study-of-patient-and-caregiver-perspectives-on-advance-care-planning-in-esrd
#13
Marcus Sellars, Josephine M Clayton, Rachael L Morton, Tim Luckett, William Silvester, Lucy Spencer, Carol A Pollock, Rowan G Walker, Peter G Kerr, Allison Tong
BACKGROUND: Advance care planning (ACP) empowers patients to consider and communicate their current and future treatment goals. However, it can be an emotionally charged process for patients with kidney disease and their caregivers. This study aimed to describe the perspectives and attitudes of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and their caregivers toward ACP. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Patients with ESRD (n=24) and their caregivers (n=15) aged 36 to 91 years at various stages of ACP ("not commenced," "in progress," or "completed") from 3 renal services...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132404/comparison-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-fp-1201-lyo-intravenously-administered-recombinant-human-interferon-beta-1a-and-placebo-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-moderate-or-severe-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled
#14
Geoff Bellingan, David Brealey, Jordi Mancebo, Alain Mercat, Nicolò Patroniti, Ville Pettilä, Michael Quintel, Jean-Louis Vincent, Mikael Maksimow, Markku Jalkanen, Ilse Piippo, V Marco Ranieri
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) results in vascular leakage, inflammation and respiratory failure. There are currently no approved pharmacological treatments for ARDS and standard of care involves treatment of the underlying cause, and supportive care. The vascular leakage may be related to reduced concentrations of local adenosine, which is involved in maintaining endothelial barrier function. Interferon (IFN) beta-1a up-regulates the cell surface ecto-5'-nucleotidase cluster of differentiation 73 (CD73), which increases adenosine levels, and IFN beta-1 may, therefore, be a potential treatment for ARDS...
November 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129567/seizure-care-in-the-emergency-department-identifying-and-bridging-the-gaps-a-study-of-care-and-outcomes-from-644-seizure-presentations
#15
Jennifer Williams, Jack Doherty, Chiara Di Blasi, Dimitri Mabarak, Una Kennedy, Colin P Doherty
Care for seizures in an emergency department setting can be variable, and there are disparities in access to onward specialist referral. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utilization and implementation of an evidence-based seizure care pathway in a busy urban tertiary referral center. A total of 644 seizure presentations over two time points were examined. Initial pathway utilization rates were low at 26.2% but increased to 61.6% after environmental barriers had been addressed. We found that patients placed on the care pathway had higher rates of neurological examination, documentation of safety and legal guidelines as regards driving, and lower rates of seizure readmission...
November 9, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129035/trends-and-factors-associated-with-breastfeeding-and-infant-sleep-practices-in-georgia
#16
Trina C Salm Ward, Florence A Kanu, Alex K Anderson
Breastfeeding benefits both infant and mother, including reducing the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). To further reduce risk of SIDS, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends infants sleep on their backs on a separate sleep surface. Our objective was to describe trends and factors associated with breastfeeding and infant sleep practices in Georgia. Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System 2004-2013 data were obtained from the Georgia Department of Public Health. Chi square tests for trends were utilized to determine whether there were significant linear trends in breastfeeding and infant sleep overtime and by survey phase...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128729/recent-advances-in-inflammasome-biology
#17
REVIEW
David E Place, Thirumala-Devi Kanneganti
The inflammasome is a complex of proteins that through the activity of caspase-1 and the downstream substrates gasdermin D, IL-1β, and IL-18 execute an inflammatory form of cell death termed pyroptosis. Activation of this complex often involves the adaptor protein ASC and upstream sensors including NLRP1, NLRP3, NLRC4, AIM2, and pyrin, which are activated by different stimuli including infectious agents and changes in cell homeostasis. Here we discuss new regulatory mechanisms that have been identified for the canonical inflammasomes, the most recently identified NLRP9b inflammasome, and the new gasdermin family of proteins that mediate pyroptosis and other forms of regulated cell death...
November 9, 2017: Current Opinion in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128384/adverse-effects-of-single-component-measles-vaccine-in-school-children
#18
Selam Tosun, Ali Ilgın Olut, Nermin Tansug
Measles is a highly contagious viral infection potentially with serious complications and the principal method of protection from the disease is vaccination. Measles vaccination resulted in a 79% drop in measles deaths between 2000 and 2015 worldwide. There has long been a debate about the necessity and benefit-loss ratio of routine MMR vaccination due to possible AE of MMR vaccine. Especially in developed countries which are thought to be free of measles there is an increasing tendency towards hesitation for vaccination though there have been continued outbreaks of measles in countries in which measles is considered to be eliminated...
November 8, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126829/palliative-care-in-diffuse-interstitial-lund-disease-results-of-a-spanish-survey
#19
Silvia Barril, Ana Alonso, José Antonio Rodríguez-Portal, Margarita Viladot, Jordi Giner, Francisco Aparicio, Ana Romero-Ortiz, Orlando Acosta, Diego Castillo
INTRODUCTION: Interstitial lung diseases (ILD) and, in particular, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, may have a significant impact on patient survival. Recent studies highlight the need for palliative care (PC) in the management of ILD patients. The aim of this study was to determine the current situation of PC in patients in Spain. METHODS: A 36-question survey addressing the main aspects of PC in ILD patients was designed. The survey was sent via email to all members of the Spanish Society of Pulmonology and Thoracic Surgery...
November 7, 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126167/outcome-of-long-term-complications-after-permanent-metallic-left-bronchial-stenting-in-children
#20
Paola Serio, Raffaella Nenna, Marco Di Maurizio, Stefano Avenali, Roberto Leone, Roberto Baggi, Luigi Arcieri, Bruno Murzi, Andrea Quarti, Marco Pozzi, Lorenzo Mirabile, Fabio Midulla
OBJECTIVES: We describe the way we treated 7 children with critical long-term complications after metallic balloon-expandable stenting in the left mainstem bronchus. METHODS: Endoscopic follow-up included a first bronchoscopy 3 weeks after stenting, then monthly for 3 months, every 4-6 months up to 1 year and at scheduled times to calibrate stent diameter up to final calibration. When major complications occurred, patients underwent chest computed tomographic angiography...
November 8, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
keyword
keyword
119799
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"