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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326197/parents-2-study-protocol-pilot-of-parents-active-role-and-engagement-in-the-review-of-their-stillbirth-perinatal-death
#1
Danya Bakhbakhi, Dimitrios Siassakos, Claire Storey, Alexander Heazell, Mary Lynch, Laura Timlin, Christy Burden
BACKGROUND: The perinatal mortality review meeting that takes place within the hospital following a stillbirth or neonatal death enables clinicians to learn vital lessons to improve care for women and their families for the future. Recent evidence suggests that parents are unaware that a formal review following the death of their baby takes place. Many would welcome the opportunity to feedback into the meeting itself. Parental involvement in the perinatal mortality review meeting has the potential to improve patient satisfaction, drive improvements in patient safety and promote an open culture within healthcare...
January 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325534/increasing-trend-in-hospital-deaths-consistent-among-older-decedents-in-korea-a-population-based-study-using-death-registration-database-2001-2014
#2
Tran Thi Xuan Mai, Eunsook Lee, Hyunsoon Cho, Yoon Jung Chang
BACKGROUND: With improvement in hospice palliative care services and long-term care, Republic of Korea (hereafter South Korea) has recorded significant changes in places of death (e.g., hospital, home), especially among older adults. Over the last few decades, the most common places of death in South Korea were hospitals. However, Koreans, especially older adults, reportedly prefer to receive terminal care and eventually die at home. This study was conducted to investigate trends in places of death among older Korean adults and factors associated therewith...
January 11, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323930/the-economic-burden-of-asthma-in-the-united-states-2008-2013
#3
Tursynbek Nurmagambetov, Robin Kuwahara, Paul Garbe
RATIONALE: Asthma is a chronic disease that affects quality of life, productivity at work and school, healthcare use, and can result in death. Measuring the current economic burden of asthma provides important information on the impact of asthma on society. This information can be used to make informed decisions about allocation of limited public health resources. OBJECTIVES: In this paper, we provide a comprehensive approach to estimate current prevalence, medical costs, cost of absenteeism (missed work and schooldays) and mortality attributable to asthma from a national perspective...
January 11, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322351/from-pacemaker-to-wearable-techniques-for-ecg-detection-systems
#4
REVIEW
Ashish Kumar, Rama Komaragiri, Manjeet Kumar
With the alarming rise in the deaths due to cardiovascular diseases (CVD), present medical research scenario places notable importance on techniques and methods to detect CVDs. As adduced by world health organization, technological proceeds in the field of cardiac function assessment have become the nucleus and heart of all leading research studies in CVDs in which electrocardiogram (ECG) analysis is the most functional and convenient tool used to test the range of heart-related irregularities. Most of the approaches present in the literature of ECG signal analysis consider noise removal, rhythm-based analysis, and heartbeat detection to improve the performance of a cardiac pacemaker...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320588/a-guide-to-tissue-engineered-skin-substitutes
#5
Penelope J Kallis, Adam J Friedman, Hadar Lev-Tov
<p>Wounds that exhibit delayed healing have a tremendous impact on health care expenditures and place patients at serious risk for severe complications including death. The healing of a chronic wound requires the restoration of multiple factors that normally work in concert to repair the damaged skin barrier. Skin substitutes have shown great promise for use as adjunctive therapies for refractory wounds by providing cells, soluble mediators, and extracellular matrix materials needed to stimulate healing...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320495/the-who-2016-verbal-autopsy-instrument-an-international-standard-suitable-for-automated-analysis-by-interva-insilicova-and-tariff-2-0
#6
Erin K Nichols, Peter Byass, Daniel Chandramohan, Samuel J Clark, Abraham D Flaxman, Robert Jakob, Jordana Leitao, Nicolas Maire, Chalapati Rao, Ian Riley, Philip W Setel
BACKGROUND: Verbal autopsy (VA) is a practical method for determining probable causes of death at the population level in places where systems for medical certification of cause of death are weak. VA methods suitable for use in routine settings, such as civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems, have developed rapidly in the last decade. These developments have been part of a growing global momentum to strengthen CRVS systems in low-income countries. With this momentum have come pressure for continued research and development of VA methods and the need for a single standard VA instrument on which multiple automated diagnostic methods can be developed...
January 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318991/in-vitro-investigation-of-the-pediculicidal-activities-of-the-volatile-oil-components-of-some-medical-plants-raised-in-turkey
#7
M Emin Limoncu, Cüneyt Balcıoğlu, Tuğba Oyur, Gizem Zeybek, Ulvi Zeybek
OBJECTIVE: The human head louse Pediculus capitis has recently acquired resistance to commercially available insecticides, which has expanded the search concerning the pediculicidal activities of some herbal products. The present study aimed to assess the in vitro pediculicidal activities of volatile oils extracted from 10 medical plants raised in Turkey: Rosa damascena (red provins rose), Pelargonium graveolens (geranium), Lavandula angustifolia (lavender), Salvia triloba (salvia), Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary; two different chemotypes), Citrus bergamia (citrus tree), Cymbopogon nardus (citronella), Citrus limonum (lemon), and Cymbopogon flexuosus (lemongrass)...
December 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317395/the-role-of-elotuzumab-in-the-treatment-of-relapsed-or-refractory-multiple-myeloma
#8
REVIEW
Jill M Comeau, Katherine Kelly, Gary W Jean
PURPOSE: The pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, clinical efficacy and safety, cost, and place in therapy of elotuzumab for treatment of relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma (MM) are reviewed. SUMMARY: Elotuzumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody that targets the signaling lymphocytic activation molecule (SLAM) protein SLAMF7 and facilitates an antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity interaction between myeloma cells and natural killer cells. Elotuzumab has U.S...
January 15, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317062/could-the-screening-for-correct-oral-health-reduce-the-impact-of-death-due-to-bolus-asphyxia-in-adult-patients-a-forensic-case-report
#9
Isabella Aquila, Santo Gratteri, Matteo A Sacco, Emilio Nuzzolese, Vittorio Fineschi, Paola Frati, Pietrantonio Ricci
INTRODUCTION: "Bolus death" or "Café Coronary syndrome" refers to death due to asphyxia caused by an occlusion of the upper airways due to food. In this kind of asphyxia, the food bolus obstructs the larynx or the bronchial branches. This kind of event often affects subjects with acute intoxication due to alcohol or drugs, or with edentulism and with neurological or psychiatric diseases. CASE REPORT: An elderly woman, suffering from schizophrenia, was found dead in her house due to food bolus asphyxia...
January 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316061/pediatric-kidney-transplantation-and-mortality-distance-to-transplant-center-matters
#10
Bonnie Cao, Joel T Adler, Yanik J Bababekov, James F Markmann, David C Chang, Heidi Yeh
Distance from pediatric kidney transplant centers may be a significant barrier in accessing care for patients and families, particularly due to the lower number of pediatric kidney transplant centers compared with the number of adult centers. We performed a retrospective cohort study using data from the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients to determine the effect of distance on pediatric kidney transplant waitlist outcomes. We found that distance did not play a role in the likelihood of transplantations for patients who were placed on the waitlist...
January 7, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313512/mortality-during-road-traffic-accidents-in-bangui-central-african-republic
#11
B J D Tékpa, H C Diemer, P A Issa Mapouka, V Ndoma Ngatchokpo, B Gassima, M N Nali
The authors examined mortality during road traffic accidents (RTAs) to propose solutions for their prevention. This descriptive prospective study took place over a 12-month period (June 1, 2011, to May 30, 2012) and included all fatalities from RTAs brought to selected hospitals. These RTA fatalities were studied in the morgues and selected sites. An autopsy was conducted for each victim to clarify the cause of death. An injury severity score (ISS) was also calculated for each victim. The data were analyzed with Epi-Info 2008...
November 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311698/comparative-analysis-of-bones-mites-soil-chemistry-nematodes-and-soil-micro-eukaryotes-from-a-suspected-homicide-to-estimate-the-post-mortem-interval
#12
Ildikó Szelecz, Sandra Lösch, Christophe V W Seppey, Enrique Lara, David Singer, Franziska Sorge, Joelle Tschui, M Alejandra Perotti, Edward A D Mitchell
Criminal investigations of suspected murder cases require estimating the post-mortem interval (PMI, or time after death) which is challenging for long PMIs. Here we present the case of human remains found in a Swiss forest. We have used a multidisciplinary approach involving the analysis of bones and soil samples collected beneath the remains of the head, upper and lower body and "control" samples taken a few meters away. We analysed soil chemical characteristics, mites and nematodes (by microscopy) and micro-eukaryotes (by Illumina high throughput sequencing)...
January 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306625/epidemiology-of-morbidity-and-mortality-in-us-and-canadian-recreational-scuba-diving
#13
P Buzzacott, D Schiller, J Crain, P J Denoble
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates morbidity and mortality suffered by divers in the USA and Canada. STUDY DESIGN: Prospectively recruited probability-weighted sample for estimating the national burden of injury and a weighted retrospective survey for estimating exposure. METHODS: The National Electronic Surveillance System and Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (CHIRPP) were searched for scuba diving injuries. The Divers Alert Network diving fatality database was searched for deaths, and Sports and Fitness Industry Association estimates for diving were obtained from annual surveys...
January 4, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306448/fulminant-giant-cell-myocarditis-on-mechanical-circulatory-support-management-and-outcomes-of-a-french-multicentre-cohort
#14
Santiago Montero, Nadia Aissaoui, Jean-Marc Tadié, Philippe Bizouarn, Vincent Scherrer, Romain Persichini, Clément Delmas, Florence Rolle, Emmanuel Besnier, Alexandre Le Guyader, Alain Combes, Matthieu Schmidt
AIMS: Giant-cell myocarditis (GCM) is a rare and often fatal form of myocarditis. Only a few reports have focused on fulminant forms. We describe the clinical characteristics, management and outcomes of GCM patients rescued by mechanical circulatory support (MCS). METHODS AND RESULTS: The clinical features, diagnoses, treatments and outcomes of MCS-treated patients in refractory cardiogenic shock secondary to fulminant GCM admitted to eight French intensive care units (2002-2016) were analysed...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305321/factors-associated-with-symptom-relief-in-end-of-life-care-in-residential-care-homes-a-national-register-based-study
#15
Sofia Andersson, Kristofer Årestedt, Olav Lindqvist, Carl-Johan Fürst, Margareta Brännström
BACKGROUND: Residential care homes (RCHs) are a common place of death. Previous studies have reported a high prevalence of symptoms such as pain and shortness of breath among residents in the last week of life. AIM: To explore the presence of symptoms and symptom relief, and identify factors associated with symptom relief of pain, nausea, anxiety, and shortness of breath among RCH residents in end-of-life care. METHOD: The data consisted of all expected deaths at RCHs registered in the Swedish Register of Palliative Care (n=22 855)...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302327/uptake-and-predictors-of-early-postnatal-follow-up-care-amongst-mother-baby-pairs-in-south-africa-results-from-three-population-based-surveys-2010-2013
#16
Anna Larsen, Mireille Cheyip, Getahun Aynalem, Thu-Ha Dinh, Debra Jackson, Nobubelo Ngandu, Witness Chirinda, Mary Mogashoa, Gupreet Kindra, Carl Lombard, Ameena Goga
Background: Achieving World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations for postnatal care (PNC) within the first few weeks of life is vital to eliminating early mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT) and improving infant health. Almost half of the annual global deaths among children under five occur during the first six weeks of life. This study aims to identify uptake of three PNC visits within the first six weeks of life as recommended by WHO among South African mother-infant pairs, and factors associated with uptake...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301481/public-awareness-of-palliative-care-in-sweden
#17
Caroline Westerlund, Carol Tishelman, Inger Benkel, Carl Johan Fürst, Ulla Molander, Birgit H Rasmussen, Sylvia Sauter, Olav Lindqvist
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the awareness of palliative care (PC) in a general Swedish population. DESIGN: We developed an e-survey based on a similar study conducted in Northern Ireland, consisting of 10 questions. Closed questions were primarily analyzed using descriptive statistics. Open questions were subject to inductive qualitative analysis. SUBJECTS: The study utilized a population sample of 7684 persons aged 18-66, of which 2020 responded, stratified by gender, age and region...
January 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300890/lateral-thoracotomy-for-epicardial-pacemaker-placement-in-patients-with-congenital-heart-disease
#18
Paulina J Haight, Robert E Stewart, Elizabeth V Saarel, Gosta B Pettersson, Hani K Najm, Peter F Aziz
OBJECTIVES: Our institution adopted a lateral thoracotomy approach to epicaridal pacemaker implantation with the objective of avoiding epicardial scar tissue and to achieve adequate lead pacing and sensing. We sought to assess the short-term outcomes of this approach. METHODS: A single-centre review was conducted in paediatric patients and adults with congenital heart disease or inherited arrhythmia syndromes who underwent a lateral thoracotomy for epicardial pacemaker placement from August 2010 to January 2016...
January 2, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298104/associations-between-mild-cognitive-dysfunction-and-end-of-life-outcomes-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#19
Keiko Kurita, M Cary Reid, Eugenia L Siegler, Eli L Diamond, Holly G Prigerson
BACKGROUND: Cognitive function of patients with advanced cancer is frequently compromised. OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent that patients' cognitive screening scores was associated with their end-of-life (EoL) treatment preferences, advance care planning (ACP), and care. DESIGN: Patients were interviewed at baseline and administered a cognitive screen. Caregivers completed a postmortem assessment. SETTING/SUBJECTS: Patients with distant metastases and disease progression after first-line chemotherapy and their caregivers (n = 609) were recruited from outpatient clinics and completed baseline and postmortem assessments...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297380/recognition-of-and-care-seeking-for-maternal-and-newborn-complications-in-jayawijaya-district-papua-province-indonesia-a-qualitative-study
#20
Alfonso Rosales, Sigit Sulistyo, Oktarinda Miko, Lila K Hairani, Meita Ilyana, Joanne Thomas, Emily Hirata, Rhonda Holloway, Michael Bantung, Kristina Pabate, Candra Wijaya, Dennis Cherian
BACKGROUND: Indonesia's progress on reducing maternal and newborn mortality rates has slowed in recent years, predominantly in rural areas. To reduce maternal and newborn mortality, access to quality and skilled care, particularly at the facility level, is crucial. Yet, accessing such care is often delayed when maternal and newborn complications arise. Using the "Three Delays" model originated by Thaddeus and Maine (1994), investigation into reasons for delaying the decision to seek care, delaying arrival at a health facility, and delaying the receiving of adequate care, may help in establishing more focused interventions to improve maternal and newborn health in this region...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
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