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interstitial keratitis

Yukiko Terada, Koju Kamoi, Takashi Komizo, Kazunori Miyata, Manabu Mochizuki
Human T cell leukemia virus type 1, also known as human T lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1), is a retrovirus that encodes a reverse transcriptase, which translates viral RNA into a DNA provirus that is integrated into the host genome. The virus was found to be a causative agent of adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) in the early 1980s, and was also found to cause the neurological disorder tropical spastic paraparesis (TSP)/HTLV-1-associated myelopathy (HAM) and the inflammatory disorder HTLV-1 uveitis in the mid 1980s and early 1990s, respectively...
May 2017: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Esther Hereth He'bert, Mamadou Oury Bah, Jean François E'tard, Mamadou Saliou Sow, Serge Resnikoff, Christine Fardeau, Abdoulaye Toure', Alexis Niouma Ouendeno, Isaac Ceougna Sagno, Laura March, Suzanne Izard, Pierre Louis Lama, Moumié Barry, Eric Delaporte
PURPOSE: The Ebola outbreak of 2013-2016 severely affected West Africa and resulted in 2544 deaths and 1270 survivors in Guinea, the country where it began. This Ebola virus was the Zaire strain of the virus family Filoviridae. In this outbreak the case fatality rate was about 67%. The survivors, declared cured after two negative blood PCR results, face psychosocial disorders, rheumatic, ear-nose-throat, neurocognitive, and ophthalmological complications. The goal of this study was to detect and describe ocular complications afflicting these survivors and to observe their occurrence and recurrences...
December 17, 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
C Bason, I Pagnini, A Brucato, S Maestroni, A Puccetti, C Lunardi, R Cimaz
Immune-mediated sensorineural hearing loss may complicate systemic autoimmune diseases. We have previously reported the presence of antibodies directed against inner ear antigens in patients with Cogan syndrome, a disease characterized by sudden hearing loss and interstitial keratitis. Such autoantibodies cross-react with an epitope of SSA/Ro60 protein. Anti-Ro/SSA antibodies in pregnant women cross the placenta and reach the fetal tissues inducing an immune-mediated damage of the cardiac conduction system...
January 1, 2016: Lupus
A S Gauthier, S Tea, L Hustache Mathieu, C Schwartz, M Saleh, B Delbosc
Syphilis is a disease with ocular involvement may be opening and cover all ocular structures. The objective of the study was to retrospectively identify and describe all cases of ocular syphilis diagnosed in the ophthalmology department of Besançon University Hospital from March 2004 to April 2014. Between March 2004 and April 2014, we diagnosed and monitored 9 male patients (13 eyes) with ocular syphilis (1 interstitial keratitis, chorioretinitis associated with a 1 hyalite, 3 panuvéites, 1 chorioretinitis after placoid, 3 bilateral papillary edema)...
November 2016: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
G K P Cruz, S B da Silva, I C de Azevedo, D P S R P Carvalho, P F Meireles, M A F Júnior, A F Vitor
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to characterize the epidemiological profile and average time on the waiting list of patients undergoing an urgent corneal transplantation (CT) in a referral center in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, northeastern Brazil. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included cases of urgent corneal transplants performed in a referral center from January 2010 to December 2014. Data were collected between January and March 2015. RESULTS: Seventy-four cases of emergency CT were analyzed...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Yonguk Kim, Seung-Young Yu, Hyung Woo Kwak
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical manifestations and treatment outcomes of ocular syphilis in patients without human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. METHODS: A total of 45 eyes from 39 patients with ocular syphilis confirmed by serologic tests were reviewed retrospectively. The included cases were all non-HIV-infected patients presenting with intraocular inflammation from 2002 to 2014 at Kyung Hee University Hospital. Medical records of 45 eyes were analyzed and included best-corrected visual acuity and ophthalmologic examination findings of the anterior and posterior segments to determine the focus of inflammation...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
Roland Höllhumer, Aida Zairani Mz, Stephanie Watson
PURPOSE: Syphilitic interstitial keratitis is a stromal inflammatory disease with characteristic secondary vascularization. This case illustrates a late complication of hemorrhagic Descemet membrane detachment. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: The patient presented with painless sudden visual loss and progressive shallowing of the anterior chamber caused by hemorrhagic Descemet membrane detachment. She had corneal neovascularization and a positive syphilis serology...
September 2016: Cornea
Dragosloveanu Serban, Christiana Celea, Cristian Celea
CASE REPORT: A young healthy patient, health-care worker in a state hospital, presented in the eye department complaining of pain and blurred vision in the left eye for approx. 2 weeks. Examination revealed a VA of 12/20 in the left eye, an interstitial keratitis, some signs of vitreal inflammation and two chorioretinal mass lesions (at echography appearing cystic) in the affected eye. She also mentioned a chronic pain in the right wrist. No systemic association was found. Based on the orthopaedic examination, biopsy, and surgical intervention, a strong suspicion of ocular tuberculosis was made and the patient was advised to start tuberculostatic treatment for 12 months and ocular steroidian treatment for 4 months...
April 2015: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
Takeshi Joko, Atsushi Shiraishi, Miki Ogata, Yuichi Ohashi
PURPOSE: To report our findings in a case of childhood refractory interstitial keratitis successfully treated with 0.1% topical tacrolimus. METHODS: A 12-year-old boy presented with a 3-year history of interstitial keratitis. For the recurrent interstitial keratitis he had been treated with topical and systemic acyclovir, steroids, and topical cyclosporine for 3 years. Our examinations revealed severe stromal infiltrates and neovascularization. Treatment was changed from topical 0...
2016: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
Monika Derda, Agnieszka Wojtkowiak-Giera, Agnieszka Kolasa-Wołosiuk, Danuta Kosik-Bogacka, Edward Hadaś, Paweł P Jagodziński, Elżbieta Wandurska-Nowak
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play a key role in the innate immune responses to a variety of pathogens including parasites. TLRs are among the most highly conserved in the evolution of the receptor family, localized mainly on cells of the immune system and on other cells such as lung cells. The aim of this study was to determine for the first time the expression of TLR2 and TLR4 in the lung of Acanthamoeba spp. infected mice using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR) and immunohistochemical (IHC) staining...
June 2016: Experimental Parasitology
Ali Fadlallah, Elias Chelala, Jean-Marc Legeais
Staphylococcus aureus is a major pathogen in bacterial keratitis, a vision-threatening disease. Although the incidence of S. aureus keratitis varies worldwide, the increasing trend of resistance to certain antibiotics makes this condition an important, global, healthcare concern. We report the case of a 65-year-old woman with nosocomial left-eye corneal abscess and interstitial keratitis.The patient then undergo topical Phage therapy with successful results.
2015: Open Ophthalmology Journal
Ngamjit Kasetsuwan, Usanee Reinprayoon, Patchima Chantaren
PURPOSE: To present a case of syphilitic interstitial keratitis with Descemet's scrolls, as well as its characteristic findings in an anterior segment investigation in relation to the histopathologic findings from a literature review. CASE PRESENTATION: A case report of a 64-year-old woman with syphilitic infection presented with band keratopathy and retrocorneal scrolls. Slit-lamp photography, confocal microscopy, anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT), and ultrasound biomicroscopy were performed...
2015: International Medical Case Reports Journal
James R Singer, Rahul K Reddy
PURPOSE: To present a case of a 71-year-old woman with possible focal choroiditis and secondary serous neurosensory retinal detachment associated with atypical Cogan syndrome. METHODS: Retrospective case report. RESULTS: On initial evaluation, the patient had decreased vision with photopsias and distortion in the affected eye. Her history revealed 3 years of preexisting neurosensory hearing loss and corneal scarring in the affected eye. Examination findings were significant for unilateral interstitial keratitis and focal macular neurosensory retinal detachment...
2015: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
Juan Carlos Serna-Ojeda, Arturo Ramirez-Miranda, Alejandro Navas, Aida Jimenez-Corona, Enrique O Graue-Hernandez
PURPOSE: To analyze the clinical presentation, characteristics, treatment, recurrences, and final outcomes and complications of herpes simplex virus (HSV) disease of the anterior segment in patients aged 17 years or younger. METHODS: This is an observational and retrospective study with review of the medical records of all the children diagnosed with herpes simplex infection of the anterior segment at an ophthalmologic referral center, from 2002 to 2012. The diagnosis was made on the basis of the history and examination of patients and in specific cases by viral culture and the polymerase chain reaction...
October 2015: Cornea
David H Jung, Joseph B Nadol, Rebecca D Folkerth, Joseph F Merola
The association of sensorineural hearing loss and vertigo with inflammatory eye disease, usually interstitial keratitis, has been called Cogan's syndrome. The pathogenesis of Cogan's syndrome is unknown, but it has been assumed to be an immune mediated disorder with vasculitis. The histopathology of the inner ear in Cogan's syndrome has been described in 6 case reports. Although common pathologic findings in these reports include degeneration of the auditory and vestibular neuroepithelium, endolymphatic hydrops, fibrosis, and new bone formation, direct pathologic evidence of a vasculitis has not been published...
January 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Elżbieta Semik-Grabarczyk, Antoni Hrycek
Cogan syndrome is a persistent disease with the autoimmunologic background connected with vasculitis. It can be diagnosed by symptoms such as interstitial keratitis, optic nerve dysfunction and nervus acusticus dysfunction with subsequent hearing impairment or deafness. In its course, such systemic symptoms frequently occur: exhaustion, weight loss and joint pain. Due to the rare occurrence of Cogan syndrome and vast obstacles in diagnosing it, the case of34 years old patient with Cogan syndrome is discussed...
2015: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Tatyana Milman, Andrew A Kao, David Chu, Matthew Gorski, Annie Steiner, Carrie Zaslow Simon, Carolyn Shih, Anthony J Aldave, Ralph C Eagle, Frederick A Jakobiec, Ira Udell
PURPOSE: To describe 7 patients with paraproteinemic keratopathy and to highlight the clinical and pathologic diversity of this rare entity and the importance of timely, systemic evaluation. DESIGN: Retrospective, multicenter collaborative case series. PARTICIPANTS: Seven patients with paraproteinemic keratopathy. METHODS: Clinical and pathologic records were reviewed to identify patients with well-documented corneal immunoglobulin deposits...
September 2015: Ophthalmology
B Seitz, A Heiligenhaus
In Europe, herpes simplex virus type I (HSV) is a common cause of keratitis. The disease may be well treated if the ophthalmologtist is aware of the various types of clinical expressions of this typical unilateral chameleon, and treatment is adjusted accordingly. Types of expression include: (i) epithelial keratitis (dendritica/geographica), (ii) stromal keratitis (necrotising vs. non-necrotising = "interstitial keratitis"), (iii) endotheliitis (= "disciform keratitis"), (iv) so-called "metaherpetic keratitis" (= neurotrophic keratopathy), (v) (vascularised) corneal scars...
June 2015: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Mahmoud Jabbarvand, Hesam Hashemian, Mehdi Khodaparast, Amin Rafatnejad, Amirhooshang Beheshtnejad, Amir Salami
PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare the ocular surface condition in herpetic interstitial stromal keratitis and neurotrophic ulcer groups and their normal fellow eyes. METHODS: In this observational, cross-sectional case-control study, 85 consecutive patients were included, including 56 cases of treated herpetic interstitial keratitis and 29 patients with neurotrophic ulcers. Fifty-six age- and sex-matched participants were also recruited from a normal population as the control group...
July 2015: Cornea
Andrea Bruno, Alan M Fedynich, Autumn Smith-Herron, Dale Rollins
The effects of Oxyspirura petrowi infections in northern bobwhites ( Colinus virginianus ) are not well understood. While studies have reported O. petrowi infections, none has histopathologically examined the eye surface and intraorbital glands to assess cellular-level impacts associated with infection. This study is the first to document the histopathology associated with O. petrowi infections. Oxyspirura petrowi occurred on the eye surface as well as in the conjunctiva, lacrimal ducts, lacrimal glands, and Harderian glands...
June 2015: Journal of Parasitology
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