keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

AIDS guidelines

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213925/rotator-cuff-disease-opinion-regarding-surgical-criteria-and-likely-outcome
#1
Alison Thorpe, Mark Hurworth, Peter O'Sullivan, Tim Mitchell, Anne Smith
BACKGROUND: Clinical guidelines for the management of rotator cuff disease are not clear. Surgeon surveys in the USA and UK lack agreement regarding surgical indications. Physical examination tests aid surgical decision-making but also lack robust evidence. Study aims were to evaluate: Western Australian orthopaedic surgeons' perceptions about surgical indications; utility of physical examination tests; findings at surgery predictive of outcome and surgeon opinion of a successful surgical outcome...
February 17, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212161/hearing-impairment-and-the-amelioration-of-avoidable-medical-error-a-cross-sectional-survey
#2
Patrick Henn, Colm OʼTuathaigh, Darrelle Keegan, Simon Smith
OBJECTIVES: Hearing loss contributes to suboptimal medical treatment. We investigated the nature and magnitude of potential health-care harm of hearing loss alone on a patient's understanding of medical consultations, investigations, and treatments of health conditions unrelated to their hearing loss. METHODS: A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based design of a convenience sample of students with hearing loss, registered with the institutional disability support service in 8 Irish and 15 UK third-level institutions...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208179/a-quantitative-approach-to-determining-the-ideal-female-lip-aesthetic-and-its-effect-on-facial-attractiveness
#3
Natalie A Popenko, Prem B Tripathi, Zlatko Devcic, Koohyar Karimi, Kathryn Osann, Brian J F Wong
Importance: Aesthetic proportions of the lips and their effect on facial attractiveness are poorly defined. Established guidelines would aid practitioners in achieving optimal aesthetic outcomes during cosmetic augmentation. Objective: To assess the most attractive lip dimensions of white women based on attractiveness ranking of surface area, ratio of upper to lower lip, and dimensions of the lip surface area relative to the lower third of the face. Design, Setting, and Participants: In phase 1 of this study, synthetic morph frontal digital images of the faces of 20 white women ages 18 to 25 years old were used to generate 5 varied lip surface areas for each face...
February 16, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207816/hiv-drug-therapy-duration-a-swedish-real-world-nationwide-cohort-study-on-infcarehiv-2009-2014
#4
Amanda Häggblom, Stefan Lindbäck, Magnus Gisslén, Leo Flamholc, Bo Hejdeman, Andreas Palmborg, Amy Leval, Eva Herweijer, Sverrir Valgardsson, Veronica Svedhem
BACKGROUND: As HIV infection needs a lifelong treatment, studying drug therapy duration and factors influencing treatment durability is crucial. The Swedish database InfCareHIV includes high quality data from more than 99% of all patients diagnosed with HIV infection in Sweden and provides a unique opportunity to examine outcomes in a nationwide real world cohort. METHODS: Adult patients who started a new therapy defined as a new 3rd agent (all antiretrovirals that are not N[t]RTIs) 2009-2014 with more than 100 observations in treatment-naive or treatment-experienced patients were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194692/role-of-cftr-mutation-analysis-in-the-diagnostic-algorithm-for-cystic-fibrosis
#5
Michelle Ratkiewicz, Matthew Pastore, Karen Sharrock McCoy, Rohan Thompson, Don Hayes, Shahid Ijaz Sheikh
BACKGROUND: The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene mutation identification is being used with increased frequency to aid in the diagnosis of cystic fibrosis (CF) in those suspected with CF. Aim of this study was to identify diagnostic outcomes when CFTR mutational analysis was used in CF diagnosis. CFTR mutational analysis results were also compared with sweat chloride results. METHODS: This study was done on all patients at our institution who had CFTR mutation analysis over a sevenyear period since August 2006...
February 14, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192674/designing-visual-aids-that-promote-risk-literacy
#6
Rocio Garcia-Retamero, Edward T Cokely
Background Effective risk communication is essential for informed decision making. Unfortunately, many people struggle to understand typical risk communications because they lack essential decision-making skills. Objective The aim of this study was to review the literature on the effect of numeracy on risk literacy, decision making, and health outcomes, and to evaluate the benefits of visual aids in risk communication. Method We present a conceptual framework describing the influence of numeracy on risk literacy, decision making, and health outcomes, followed by a systematic review of the benefits of visual aids in risk communication for people with different levels of numeracy and graph literacy...
February 1, 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192574/primary-care-asthma-management-inhaled-corticosteroids-and-other-clinical-pearls
#7
Zachary Marcus, Nanah Suk Park
Most children in the United States with intermittent, mild, and moderate persistent asthma are cared for by primary care practitioners (PCPs). Despite inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) being highly effective at controlling asthma symptoms, many PCPs are uncomfortable prescribing these medications. Cumbersome guidelines, increasing numbers of medication choices, and concerns regarding side effects are some of the barriers to prescribing ICS for children with asthma. This article serves as a quick-start guide for PCPs that (1) condenses the routine diagnosis and management of asthma into concise clinical tools for children who would benefit from ICS therapy and (2) provides clinical pearls to aid in the treatment of mild- to moderate-persistent asthma...
February 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186947/survey-of-community-pharmacists-perception-of-electronic-cigarettes-in-london
#8
Ana C N Marques Gomes, Shereen Nabhani-Gebara, Reem Kayyali, Federico Buonocore, Gianpiero Calabrese
OBJECTIVES: To seek community pharmacists' perception on use, safety and possible effectiveness of e-cigarettes as quit smoking tools, and their future regulation. SETTING: A survey of a sample of 154 community pharmacies across London, UK. CONTEXT: E-cigarettes have exclusively established themselves in the market through consumers-led demand. To date, e-cigarettes still remain unregulated and can be easily purchased in shops, over the internet, but more controversially also in pharmacies in the UK...
November 10, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186940/missed-opportunities-for-earlier-diagnosis-of-hiv-in-patients-who-presented-with-advanced-hiv-disease-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Itzchak Levy, Yasmin Maor, Naim Mahroum, Liraz Olmer, Anat Wieder, Vladislav Litchevski, Orna Mor, Galia Rahav
OBJECTIVE: To quantify and characterise missed opportunities for earlier HIV diagnosis in patients diagnosed with advanced HIV. DESIGN: A retrospective observational cohort study. SETTING: A central tertiary medical centre in Israel. MEASURES: The proportion of patients with advanced HIV, the proportion of missed opportunities to diagnose them earlier, and the rate of clinical indicator diseases (CIDs) in those patients...
November 10, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186933/use-of-the-diabetes-medication-choice-decision-aid-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-in-greece-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#10
Thomas Karagiannis, Aris Liakos, Megan E Branda, Eleni Athanasiadou, Maria Mainou, Panagiota Boura, Dimitrios G Goulis, Annie LeBlanc, Victor M Montori, Apostolos Tsapas
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of the Diabetes Medication Choice Decision Aid among patients with type 2 diabetes in Greece. DESIGN: Open-label cluster randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Primary and secondary care practices across Greece. PARTICIPANTS: 5 sites allocated to the decision aid (n=101 patients) and 4 sites to control (n=103 patients). INTERVENTION: Clinicians and patients in the intervention arm used a decision aid, based on outcomes that both consider important when choosing among antihyperglycaemic medications...
November 14, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179737/updates-in-nutrition-support-for-critically-ill-adult-patients
#11
Diana Wells Mulherin, Sarah V Cogle
Specialized nutrition support is often employed in critically ill patients who are unable to maintain volitional intake. The Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) and American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (A.S.P.E.N.) recently updated guidelines for the provision of nutrition support in critically ill patients. The purpose of this review is to summarize key changes from the previous guidelines as they relate to recently published literature, which will aid the hospital pharmacist in optimizing nutrition support therapies in the critical care setting...
January 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167010/the-role-of-bone-conduction-hearing-aids-in-congenital-unilateral-hearing-loss-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
C Carrie Liu, Devon Livingstone, Warren K Yunker
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the literature on the audiological and/or quality of life benefits of a bone conduction hearing aid (BCHA) in children with congenital unilateral conductive or sensorineural deafness. METHODS: A systematic search was performed according to the PRISMA guidelines using the PubMed, Medline, and Embase databases. Data were collected on the following outcomes of interest: speech reception threshold, speech discrimination, sound localization, and quality of life measures...
March 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165791/improving-documentation-in-surgical-operation-notes
#13
Hammad Parwaiz, Rushan Perera, John Creamer, Hamish Macdonald, Ian Hunter
BACKGROUND: Accurate documentation in surgical operation notes is crucial in facilitating the postoperative care of surgical patients and forms an important medicolegal document. This study audited the quality and completeness of documentation in surgical operation notes at a single district general hospital against the Royal College of Surgeons (2014) Good Surgical Practice guidelines, and looked to improve clinical practice through improved compliance with these guidelines. METHOD: A total of 101 operation notes were audited from a variety of surgical specialities in November 2014 (cycle 1) and 100 notes in May 2015 (cycle 2)...
February 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165272/systematic-review-of-smart-recovery-outcomes-process-variables-and-implications-for-research
#14
Alison K Beck, Erin Forbes, Amanda L Baker, Peter J Kelly, Frank P Deane, Anthony Shakeshaft, David Hunt, John F Kelly
Clinical guidelines recommend Self-Management and Recovery Training (SMART Recovery) and 12-step models of mutual aid as important sources of long-term support for addiction recovery. Methodologically rigorous reviews of the efficacy and potential mechanisms of change are available for the predominant 12-step approach. A similarly rigorous exploration of SMART Recovery has yet to be undertaken. We aim to address this gap by providing a systematic overview of the evidence for SMART Recovery in adults with problematic alcohol, substance, and/or behavioral addiction, including (i) a commentary on outcomes assessed, process variables, feasibility, current understanding of mental health outcomes, and (ii) a critical evaluation of the methodology...
February 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163810/eruption-of-blood-arteriovenous-malformation-of-the-penile-urethra
#15
Joshua T White, Richard J Baverstock
While arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are a common congenital or post-traumatic abnormality, male genital AVMs are rare and have been described in the scrotum or penis in pediatric patients.1,2 We describe a 34-year-old male presenting with recurrent spontaneous penile urethral bleeding found to have an AVM of the penile urethra. While angiography has traditionally been helpful, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can aid in the diagnosis and characterization of these lesions.3 Each case of male genital AVM provides a unique challenge to manage depending on the presenting complaint, as there are no guidelines to direct treatment...
January 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160409/developing-a-charge-syndrome-checklist-health-supervision-across-the-lifespan-from-head-to-toe
#16
Carrie-Lee Trider, Angela Arra-Robar, Conny van Ravenswaaij-Arts, Kim Blake
Health supervision and management considerations for individuals with CHARGE syndrome are often complex, and a comprehensive approach is essential. The Atlantic Canadian CHARGE syndrome team developed a checklist organized by body system and age to aid healthcare providers in their approach to the ongoing care of these individuals. The checklist was evaluated qualitatively using a modified Delphi method with widespread consultation from expert healthcare practitioners, parents, and individuals with CHARGE syndrome...
February 4, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157746/prevention-and-management-of-poststroke-complications
#17
Josephine F Huang
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article provides a synopsis of the immediate and delayed medical complications of stroke, with an emphasis on prevention and management of these complications. RECENT FINDINGS: Meta-analysis of the trials for endovascular treatment of acute stroke shows no significant increase in hemorrhagic events. Rehabilitation guidelines published by the American Heart Association and American Stroke Association in 2016 aid in providing the best clinical practice for patients with stroke, from the time of their initial hospitalization to their return to the community...
February 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153337/a-practical-guide-to-propensity-score-analysis-for-applied-clinical-research
#18
Jaehoon Lee, Todd D Little
Observational studies are often the only viable options in many clinical settings, especially when it is unethical or infeasible to randomly assign participants to different treatment régimes. In such case propensity score (PS) analysis can be applied to accounting for possible selection bias and thereby addressing questions of causal inference. Many PS methods exist, yet few guidelines are available to aid applied researchers in their conduct and evaluation of a PS analysis. In this article we give an overview of available techniques for PS estimation and application, balance diagnostic, treatment effect estimation, and sensitivity assessment, as well as recent advances...
January 19, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152971/understanding-patterns-of-genetic-risk-evaluation-gre-referral-and-uptake-in-patients-pts-with-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-eoc
#19
Robert Morgan, Lucille A Leong
: 254 Background: EOC is the most common cause of gynecologic cancer death and fifth leading cause in women. ~20% cases are due to identifiable genetic risk (BRCA1/2 in 15%, Lynch syndrome 2%, other germline mutations 6%). Since 2013, National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines recommend all women with EOC be referred for GRE, to optimize risk stratification, genetic testing decisions, clinical management, with goal to reduce mortality. Yet physicians under-refer and pts under-utilize genetic services...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152894/engaging-managing-physicians-in-clinical-staging-prior-to-the-initiation-of-cancer-treatment
#20
Carol Huibregtse, Marija Bjegovich-Weidman, James L Weese
: 143 Background: Managing physicians (medical oncologist, radiation oncologist, surgeons) have a responsibility to clinically stage patients prior to the initiation of cancer treatment. Clinical staging not only directs the treatment plan, but identifies appropriate clinical trials and estimates prognosis. We sought to determine whether engagement of managing physicians would result in increased clinical staging for various types of cancer. METHODS: Baseline data on clinical staging for breast, colorectal (colon, rectal, anal, rectosigmoid junction)*, thoracic (lung esophageal)†, genitourinary (prostate, penis, testes)‡, and pancreatic primary cancers were obtained...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
keyword
keyword
119788
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"