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Quantitative susceptibility mapping

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933544/dissection-of-host-susceptibility-to-bacterial-infections-and-its-toxins
#1
Aysar Nashef, Mahmoud Agbaria, Ariel Shusterman, Nicola Ivan Lorè, Alessandra Bragonzi, Ervin Wiess, Yael Houri-Haddad, Fuad A Iraqi
Infection is one of the leading causes of human mortality and morbidity. Exposure to microbial agents is obviously required. However, also non-microbial environmental and host factors play a key role in the onset, development and outcome of infectious disease, resulting in large of clinical variability between individuals in a population infected with the same microbe. Controlled and standardized investigations of the genetics of susceptibility to infectious disease are almost impossible to perform in humans whereas mouse models allow application of powerful genomic techniques to identify and validate causative genes underlying human diseases with complex etiologies...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933538/systems-genetics-of-liver-fibrosis
#2
Rabea A Hall, Frank Lammert
This systems genetics analysis comprises quantitative measurements of hepatic fibrogenesis in mouse models and mapping of quantitative traits in mouse genetic reference populations. It is part of a large mapping project of fibrogenic genes including the analyses of experimental crosses from different inbred mouse strains. Extensive quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping of fibrosis phenotypes and liver expression profiling in combination with in silico mapping facilitated the identification of QTL regions and underlying candidate genes that confer fibrosis susceptibility also in humans...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914629/cytoplasmic-fmr1-interacting-protein-2-is-a-major-genetic-factor-underlying-binge-eating
#3
Stacey L Kirkpatrick, Lisa R Goldberg, Neema Yazdani, R Keith Babbs, Jiayi Wu, Eric R Reed, David F Jenkins, Amanda F Bolgioni, Kelsey I Landaverde, Kimberly P Luttik, Karen S Mitchell, Vivek Kumar, W Evan Johnson, Megan K Mulligan, Pietro Cottone, Camron D Bryant
BACKGROUND: Eating disorders are lethal and heritable; however, the underlying genetic factors are unknown. Binge eating is a highly heritable trait associated with eating disorders that is comorbid with mood and substance use disorders. Therefore, understanding its genetic basis will inform therapeutic development that could improve several comorbid neuropsychiatric conditions. METHODS: We assessed binge eating in closely related C57BL/6 mouse substrains and in an F2 cross to identify quantitative trait loci associated with binge eating...
October 25, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906525/the-clinical-utility-of-qsm-disease-diagnosis-medical-management-and-surgical-planning
#4
REVIEW
Sarah Eskreis-Winkler, Yan Zhang, Jingwei Zhang, Zhe Liu, Alexey Dimov, Ajay Gupta, Yi Wang
Quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) is an MR technique that depicts and quantifies magnetic susceptibility sources. Mapping iron, the dominant susceptibility source in the brain, has many important clinical applications. Herein, we review QSM applications in the diagnosis, medical management, and surgical treatment of disease. To assist in early disease diagnosis, QSM can identify elevated iron levels in the motor cortex of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients, in the substantia nigra of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients, in the globus pallidus, putamen, and caudate of Huntington's disease patients, and in the basal ganglia of Wilson's disease patients...
December 1, 2016: NMR in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898833/a-cluster-of-nucleotide-binding-site-leucine-rich-repeat-genes-resides-in-a-barley-powdery-mildew-resistance-quantitative-trait-loci-on-7hl
#5
Carlos P Cantalapiedra, Bruno Contreras-Moreira, Cristina Silvar, Dragan Perovic, Frank Ordon, María Pilar Gracia, Ernesto Igartua, Ana M Casas
Powdery mildew causes severe yield losses in barley production worldwide. Although many resistance genes have been described, only a few have already been cloned. A strong QTL (quantitative trait locus) conferring resistance to a wide array of powdery mildew isolates was identified in a Spanish barley landrace on the long arm of chromosome 7H. Previous studies narrowed down the QTL position, but were unable to identify candidate genes or physically locate the resistance. In this study, the exome of three recombinant lines from a high-resolution mapping population was sequenced and analyzed, narrowing the position of the resistance down to a single physical contig...
July 2016: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898820/dissecting-the-genetic-basis-of-resistance-to-soybean-cyst-nematode-combining-linkage-and-association-mapping
#6
Ying-Hui Li, Xue-Hui Shi, Hui-Hui Li, Jochen C Reif, Jia-Jun Wang, Zhang-Xiong Liu, Sang He, Bai-Shuang Yu, Li-Juan Qiu
A set of 585 informative single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) loci was used to genotype both a panel of diverse accessions and a set of recombinant inbred lines (RILs) bred from the cross Zhongpin03-5373 (ZP; resistant to SCN) × Zhonghuang13 (ZH; susceptible). The SNP loci are mostly sited within genic sequence in regions of the soybean [ (L.) Merr.] genome thought to harbor genes determining resistance to the soybean cyst nematode (SCN, Ichinohe). The three strongest quantitative trait nucleotides (QTNs) identified by association mapping (AM) involved the genes (a component of the multigene locus ), and (an paralog), as well as some other loci with smaller effects...
July 2016: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898809/sequence-based-introgression-mapping-identifies-candidate-white-mold-tolerance-genes-in-common-bean
#7
Sujan Mamidi, Phillip N Miklas, Jennifer Trapp, Erin Felicetti, Jane Grimwood, Jeremy Schmutz, Rian Lee, Phillip E McClean
White mold, caused by the necrotrophic fungus (Lib.) de Bary, is a major disease of common bean ( L.). WM7.1 and WM8.3 are two quantitative trait loci (QTL) with major effects on tolerance to the pathogen. Advanced backcross populations segregating individually for either of the two QTL, and a recombinant inbred (RI) population segregating for both QTL were used to fine map and confirm the genetic location of the QTL. The QTL intervals were physically mapped using the reference common bean genome sequence, and the physical intervals for each QTL were further confirmed by sequence-based introgression mapping...
July 2016: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898701/assessing-white-matter-microstructure-in-brain-regions-with-different-myelin-architecture-using-mri
#8
Samuel Groeschel, Gisela E Hagberg, Thomas Schultz, Dávid Z Balla, Uwe Klose, Till-Karsten Hauser, Thomas Nägele, Oliver Bieri, Thomas Prasloski, Alex L MacKay, Ingeborg Krägeloh-Mann, Klaus Scheffler
OBJECTIVE: We investigate how known differences in myelin architecture between regions along the cortico-spinal tract and frontal white matter (WM) in 19 healthy adolescents are reflected in several quantitative MRI parameters that have been proposed to non-invasively probe WM microstructure. In a clinically feasible scan time, both conventional imaging sequences as well as microstructural MRI parameters were assessed in order to quantitatively characterise WM regions that are known to differ in the thickness of their myelin sheaths, and in the presence of crossing or parallel fibre organisation...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882200/calcification-in-globus-pallidus-and-putamen-of-multiple-sclerosis-patients-versus-healthy-subjects-using-quantitative-susceptibility-mapping
#9
Muhammad Arshad Javid, M Afzal Khan, Naima Amin, Azeem Nabi
BACKGROUND: Calcification has been well reported in basal ganglia and it grows rapidly in globus pallidus (GP) followed by putamen (PUT) and caudate nucleus because of their high metabolic rate and displays high susceptibility effects. Therefore, the current study focused on magnetic susceptibility effect of calcium content in normal and diseased tissue due to metabolic changes. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate calcium content in GP and PUT structures of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients versus healthy subjects using quantitative susceptibility mapping...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868479/mapping-resistance-to-alternaria-cucumerina-in-cucumis-melo
#10
James Daley, Sandra E Branham, Amnon Levi, Richard Hassell, William Patrick Wechter
Infection with Alternaria cucumerina causes Alternaria leaf blight (ALB), a disease characterized by lesion formation on leaves, leading to substantial yield and quality losses in Cucumis melo (melon). While fungicides are effective against ALB, reduction in the frequency of application would be economically and environmentally beneficial. Resistant melon lines have been identified but the genetic basis of this resistance has not been determined. A saturated melon genetic map was constructed with markers developed through genotyping-by sequencing of an MR-1 (resistant) by Ananas Yokneum (susceptible Israeli cultivar) a recombinant inbred line (RIL) population (F6-F10; N=82) derived from single seed descent of a F2 population from a cross between the ALB resistant parent MR-1 and the ALB susceptible parent Ananas Yokneum...
November 21, 2016: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862452/effects-of-biological-tissue-structural-anisotropy-and-anisotropy-of-magnetic-susceptibility-on-the-gradient-echo-mri-signal-phase-theoretical-background
#11
Dmitriy A Yablonskiy, Alexander L Sukstanskii
Quantitative susceptibility mapping is a potentially powerful technique for mapping tissue magnetic susceptibility from gradient recalled echo (GRE) MRI signal phase. In this review, we present up-to-date theoretical developments in analyzing the relationships between GRE signal phase and the underlying tissue microstructure and magnetic susceptibility at the cellular level. Two important phenomena contributing to the GRE signal phase are at the focus of this review - tissue structural anisotropy (e.g. cylindrical axonal bundles in white matter) and magnetic susceptibility anisotropy...
November 11, 2016: NMR in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859983/imaging-of-nigrosome-1-in-substantia-nigra-at-3t-using-multiecho-susceptibility-map-weighted-imaging-smwi
#12
Yoonho Nam, Sung-Min Gho, Dong-Hyun Kim, Eung Yeop Kim, Jongho Lee
PURPOSE: To enhance the visibility of nigrosome 1 in substantia nigra, which has recently been suggested as an imaging biomarker for Parkinson's disease (PD) at 3T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The substantia nigra structure was visualized at 3T MRI using multiecho susceptibility map-weighted imaging (SMWI) in 15 healthy volunteers and 6 patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). The visibility of nigrosome 1 was further enhanced by acquiring data in an oblique-coronal imaging plane at a high spatial resolution (0...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855705/myocardial-t1-mapping-at-3t-using-saturation-recovery-reference-values-precision-and-comparison-with-molli
#13
Sebastian Weingärtner, Nadja M Meßner, Johannes Budjan, Dirk Loßnitzer, Uwe Mattler, Theano Papavassiliu, Frank G Zöllner, Lothar R Schad
BACKGROUND: Myocardial T1-mapping recently emerged as a promising quantitative method for non-invasive tissue characterization in numerous cardiomyopathies. Commonly performed with an inversion-recovery (IR) magnetization preparation at 1.5T, the application at 3T has gained due to increased quantification precision. Alternatively, saturation-recovery (SR) T1-mapping has recently been introduced at 1.5T for improved accuracy. Thus, the purpose of this study is to investigate the robustness and precision of SR T1-mapping at 3T and to establish accurate reference values for native T1-times and extracellular volume fraction (ECV) of healthy myocardium...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836833/the-whole-brain-pattern-of-magnetic-susceptibility-perturbations-in-parkinson-s-disease
#14
Julio Acosta-Cabronero, Arturo Cardenas-Blanco, Matthew J Betts, Michaela Butryn, Jose P Valdes-Herrera, Imke Galazky, Peter J Nestor
Although iron-mediated oxidative stress has been proposed as a potential pathomechanism in Parkinson's disease, the global distribution of iron accumulation in Parkinson's disease has not yet been elucidated. This study used a new magnetic resonance imaging contrast, quantitative susceptibility mapping, and state-of-the-art methods to map for the first time the whole-brain landscape of magnetostatic alterations as a surrogate for iron level changes in n = 25 patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease versus n = 50 matched controls...
November 11, 2016: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833399/structural-mr-imaging-in-the-diagnosis-of-alzheimer-s-disease-and-other-neurodegenerative-dementia-current-imaging-approach-and-future-perspectives
#15
REVIEW
Mina Park, Won-Jin Moon
With the rise of aging population, clinical concern and research attention has shifted towards neuroimaging of dementia. The advent of 3T, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has permitted the anatomical imaging of neurodegenerative disease, specifically dementia, with improved resolution. Furthermore, more powerful techniques such as diffusion tensor imaging, quantitative susceptibility mapping, and magnetic transfer imaging have successfully emerged for the detection of micro-structural abnormalities. In the present review article, we provide a brief overview of Alzheimer's disease and explore recent neuroimaging developments in the field of dementia with an emphasis on structural MR imaging in order to propose a simple and easily applicable systematic approach to the imaging diagnosis of dementia...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832379/immunogenetics-of-igg4-related-aip
#16
Masao Ota, Takeji Umemura, Shigeyuki Kawa
Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a unique form of chronic pancreatitis characterized by high serum IgG4 concentration and a variety of complicating extra-pancreatic lesions. AIP has the features of a complex disease that is caused by multifactorial genes. However, the genetic factors underlying AIP have not been elucidated conclusively. Association studies by the candidate-gene approach and genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have revealed several susceptibility genes for AIP, including HLA DRB1*04:05-DQB1*04:01, FCRL3, CTLA4, and KCNA3, albeit in small-scale analyses...
November 11, 2016: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826821/flash-flood-susceptibility-analysis-and-its-mapping-using-different-bivariate-models-in-iran-a-comparison-between-shannon-s-entropy-statistical-index-and-weighting-factor-models
#17
Khabat Khosravi, Hamid Reza Pourghasemi, Kamran Chapi, Masoumeh Bahri
Flooding is a very common worldwide natural hazard causing large-scale casualties every year; Iran is not immune to this thread as well. Comprehensive flood susceptibility mapping is very important to reduce losses of lives and properties. Thus, the aim of this study is to map susceptibility to flooding by different bivariate statistical methods including Shannon's entropy (SE), statistical index (SI), and weighting factor (Wf). In this regard, model performance evaluation is also carried out in Haraz Watershed, Mazandaran Province, Iran...
December 0: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826737/gwas-analysis-of-qtl-for-enteric-septicemia-of-catfish-and-their-involved-genes-suggest-evolutionary-conservation-of-a-molecular-mechanism-of-disease-resistance
#18
Tao Zhou, Shikai Liu, Xin Geng, Yulin Jin, Chen Jiang, Lisui Bao, Jun Yao, Yu Zhang, Jiaren Zhang, Luyang Sun, Xiaozhu Wang, Ning Li, Suxu Tan, Zhanjiang Liu
Disease problems cause major economic losses for the aquaculture industries. In catfish, enteric septicemia of catfish (ESC), caused by the bacterial pathogen Edwardsiella ictaluri, is the leading disease problem, causing tens of millions of dollars of annual economic losses. In this study, we conducted a genome-wide association study to determine quantitative trait loci (QTL) for resistance against ESC using an interspecific hybrid system. Five hundred fish were used in the analysis and 192 phenotypic extremes were used for genotyping with the catfish 250K SNP arrays...
November 8, 2016: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818087/differential-effects-of-environmental-and-genetic-factors-on-t-and-b-cell-immune-traits
#19
Raul Aguirre-Gamboa, Irma Joosten, Paulo C M Urbano, Renate G van der Molen, Esther van Rijssen, Bram van Cranenbroek, Marije Oosting, Sanne Smeekens, Martin Jaeger, Maria Zorro, Sebo Withoff, Antonius E van Herwaarden, Fred C G J Sweep, Romana T Netea, Morris A Swertz, Lude Franke, Ramnik J Xavier, Leo A B Joosten, Mihai G Netea, Cisca Wijmenga, Vinod Kumar, Yang Li, Hans J P M Koenen
Effective immunity requires a complex network of cellular and humoral components that interact with each other and are influenced by different environmental and host factors. We used a systems biology approach to comprehensively assess the impact of environmental and genetic factors on immune cell populations in peripheral blood, including associations with immunoglobulin concentrations, from ∼500 healthy volunteers from the Human Functional Genomics Project. Genetic heritability estimation showed that variations in T cell numbers are more strongly driven by genetic factors, while B cell counts are more environmentally influenced...
November 22, 2016: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814678/quantitative-trait-loci-analysis-of-verticillium-wilt-resistance-in-interspecific-backcross-populations-of-gossypium-hirsutum%C3%A2-%C3%A3-%C3%A2-gossypium-barbadense
#20
Yuzhen Shi, Baocai Zhang, Aiying Liu, Wentan Li, Junwen Li, Quanwei Lu, Zhen Zhang, Shaoqi Li, Wankui Gong, Haihong Shang, Juwu Gong, Tingting Chen, Qun Ge, Tao Wang, Heqin Zhu, Zhi Liu, Youlu Yuan
BACKGROUND: Verticillium wilt (VW) caused by Verticillium dahliae (Kleb) is one of the most destructive diseases of cotton. The identification of highly resistant QTLs or genes in the whole cotton genome is quite important for developing a VW-resistant variety and for further molecular design breeding. RESULTS: In the present study, BC1F1, BC1S1, and BC2F1 populations derived from an interspecific backcross between the highly resistant line Hai1 (Gossypium barbadense L...
November 5, 2016: BMC Genomics
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