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The Health Effects of Electronic Cigarettes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778775/prenatal-exposures-to-tobacco-and-cannabis-associations-with-adult-electronic-cigarette-use
#1
Natacha M De Genna, Gale A Richardson, Lidush Goldschmidt, Nancy L Day, Marie D Cornelius
INTRODUCTION: Prenatal exposures to tobacco and cannabis are associated with combustible cigarette use. This study evaluated pathways from these prenatal exposures to adult electronic cigarette use. We tested whether there were indirect effects of these prenatal exposures via childhood behavior dysregulation, early tobacco use, and adolescent tobacco dependence. METHODS: Telephone interviews were conducted with 427 adult offspring (22-33 years old) from 3 prenatal cohorts with trimester-specific data on exposures to tobacco, alcohol, and cannabis...
May 5, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778082/a-review-of-the-impacts-of-tobacco-heating-system-on-indoor-air-quality-versus-conventional-pollution-sources
#2
REVIEW
Violeta Kaunelienė, Marija Meišutovič-Akhtarieva, Dainius Martuzevičius
With the introduction of novel and potentially less polluting nicotine containing products to the market, the impacts of their usage to indoor air quality as opposed to conventional pollution sources must be reviewed and considered. This review study aimed to comparatively analyse changes in indoor air quality as the consequence of tobacco heating system (THS) generated pollution against general indoor air quality in various micro-environments, especially with combustion-based pollution sources present. Indoor concentrations of formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, benzene, toluene, nicotine and PM2...
May 8, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741713/electronic-cigarette-and-cigarette-social-environments-and-ever-use-of-each-product-a-prospective-study-of-young-adults-in-southern-california
#3
Robert Urman, Rob McConnell, Jennifer B Unger, Tess Boley Cruz, Jonathan M Samet, Kiros Berhane, Jessica L Barrington-Trimis
Background: A supportive youth cigarette social environment, e.g. friends' approval of use, leads to cigarette use initiation, and cigarette users develop a more supportive social environment. Whether there is a bidirectional relationship of e-cigarette social environment with e-cigarette use has not been studied. Methods: Prospective data were collected from 1441 Children's Health Study participants in 2014 (median age=17.3 years) and at follow-up 1.5 years later...
May 8, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728187/effect-of-electronic-cigarettes-on-human-middle-ear
#4
Jae-Jun Song, Yoon Young Go, Ji Yoen Mun, Sehee Lee, Gi Jung Im, Yoo Yon Kim, Jun Ho Lee, Jiwon Chang
OBJECTIVE: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are the most commonly used electronic nicotine delivery systems and are a relatively new product designed for smoking cessation. The market scale of electronic cigarettes is growing rapidly, but the potential impact of e-cigarettes on public health has not yet been verified. In this study, we examined the effect of e-liquids on a human middle ear epithelial cell (HMEEC) line. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The main components of e-liquids are propylene glycol, vegetable glycerin and flavoring agents with or without nicotine...
June 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694428/differences-in-vaping-topography-in-relation-to-adherence-to-exclusive-electronic-cigarette-use-in-veterans
#5
Andrea Guerrero-Cignarella, Landy V Luna Diaz, Kira Balestrini, Gregory Holt, Mehdi Mirsaeidi, Rafael Calderon-Candelario, Philip Whitney, Matthias Salathe, Michael A Campos
BACKGROUND: Understanding vaping patterns of electronic cigarette (EC) use is important to understand the real-life exposure to EC vapor. Long term information on vaping topography in relation to tobacco cigarette (TC) smoking cessation success has not been explored. METHODS: Observational non-blinded study where active TC smokers were asked to replace TC with EC over 4 weeks (replacement phase, RP) followed by exclusive EC use for an additional 12 weeks (maintenance phase, MP)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686144/e-cigarette-and-liquid-nicotine-exposures-among-young-children
#6
Preethi Govindarajan, Henry A Spiller, Marcel J Casavant, Thitphalak Chounthirath, Gary A Smith
OBJECTIVES: To investigate exposures to liquid nicotine (including electronic cigarette devices and liquids) among children <6 years old in the United States and evaluate the impact of legislation requiring child-resistant packaging for liquid nicotine containers. METHODS: Liquid nicotine exposure data from the National Poison Data System for January 2012 through April 2017 were analyzed. RESULTS: There were 8269 liquid nicotine exposures among children <6 years old reported to US poison control centers during the study period...
April 23, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658616/multiple-tobacco-use-among-young-adult-waterpipe-smokers-in-egypt
#7
Aya Mostafa, Moustafa El Houssinie, Aisha Aboul Fotouh
Background: The use of multiple tobacco products is an emerging trend. Studies on multiple use among waterpipe smokers are limited. Objectives: We aimed to estimate the proportion of other tobacco products used by current adult waterpipe smokers in Egypt and identify the determinants of multiple tobacco product use. Methods: Population-based surveys were conducted using interview questionnaires during 2015-2017 in urban Cairo and rural Menoufia...
April 5, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617887/e-cigarettes-comparing-the-possible-risks-of-increasing-smoking-initiation-with-the-potential-benefits-of-increasing-smoking-cessation
#8
Kenneth E Warner, David Mendez
Introduction: The public health community is divided regarding electronic cigarettes. Skeptics emphasize potential vaping-induced increases in smoking among children and possible health hazards for adults. Enthusiasts consider e-cigarettes much less dangerous than smoking and believe they increase adult smoking cessation. We compare potential health benefits and costs to put these two perspectives in context. Methods: Using a dynamic model that tracks the US adult population's smoking status and smoking-related deaths over time, we simulate the effects of vaping-induced smoking initiation and cessation on life-years saved or lost to the year 2070...
March 29, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604326/whether-to-push-or-pull-nicotine-reduction-and-non-combusted-alternatives-two-strategies-for-reducing-smoking-and-improving-public-health
#9
Tracy T Smith, Dorothy K Hatsukami, Neal L Benowitz, Suzanne M Colby, F Joseph McClernon, Andrew A Strasser, Jennifer W Tidey, Cassidy M White, Eric C Donny
Combustible cigarettes remain the most harmful and addictive tobacco product, and reducing the prevalence of smoking continues to be a critical public health goal. While nicotine is the constituent primarily responsible for addiction to cigarettes, most of the harm associated with smoking comes from byproducts of tobacco combustion. Recently, two different approaches for reducing the harms of smoking have emerged, both of which focus on breaking the link between the addiction to nicotine and the harms caused by smoking...
March 28, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588352/patterns-perception-and-behavior-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-use-and-multiple-product-use-among-young-adults
#10
Mary P Martinasek, Amy Bowersock, Christopher W Wheldon
BACKGROUND: Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) are battery-operated devices used to inhale vaporized or aerosolized nicotine. There is increasing research uncovering negative health effects of these devices. Less is known about the social and behavioral aspects among college students. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at a mid-sized private university in Florida. The survey was sent via e-mail to the student body of undergraduates. A final sample size of 989 students was analyzed to understand demographic differences between users and nonusers, initiation factors, and influencers, as well as multiple product behaviors...
March 27, 2018: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580719/the-toxicity-of-e-cigarettes-and-children-s-respiratory-health
#11
REVIEW
Karin C Lødrup Carlsen, Håvard O Skjerven, Kai-Håkon Carlsen
Electronic cigarettes (E-cig), also referred to as Electronic Nicotine Delivery System (ENDS), were initially developed in 2003 to reduce the harmful effects of tobacco smoking. Since then, E-cig have become widely available in many countries and are used by many young people who would be unlikely to take up cigarette smoking. However, the adverse effects on child health remain largely unknown. E-cigs are available through regulated sale in many countries, but easily accessible by the internet in others. Adverse effects may be ascribed to the nicotine itself, to the accompanying substances in the aerosol (often referred to as vapour) or to temperature modifications of the content...
February 10, 2018: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573440/do-electronic-cigarettes-have-a-role-in-tobacco-cessation
#12
Andrea S Franks, Karen Sando, Sarah McBane
Tobacco use continues to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Even with behavioral and pharmacologic treatment, long-term tobacco cessation rates are low. Electronic nicotine delivery systems, commonly referred to as electronic cigarettes or e-cigarettes, are increasingly used for tobacco cessation. Because e-cigarettes are widely used in this setting, health care professionals need to know if they are safe and effective. The purpose of this article is to review literature regarding use of e-cigarettes as a tool for tobacco cessation in patients who are ready to quit, as well as those who are not ready to quit, along with some selected patient populations...
March 24, 2018: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564955/assessing-electronic-cigarette-emissions-linking-physico-chemical-properties-to-product-brand-e-liquid-flavoring-additives-operational-voltage-and-user-puffing-patterns
#13
Jiayuan Zhao, Jordan Nelson, Oluwabunmi Dada, Georgios Pyrgiotakis, Ilias G Kavouras, Philip Demokritou
Users of electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) are exposed to particles and other gaseous pollutants. However, major knowledge gaps on the physico-chemical properties of such exposures and contradictory data in published literature prohibit health risk assessment. Here, the effects of product brand, type, e-liquid flavoring additives, operational voltage, and user puffing patterns on emissions were systematically assessed using a recently developed, versatile, e-cig exposure generation platform and state-of-the-art analytical methods...
February 2018: Inhalation Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551324/proactive-tobacco-treatment-for-smokers-using-veterans-administration-mental-health-clinics
#14
Erin S Rogers, Steven S Fu, Paul Krebs, Siamak Noorbaloochi, Sean M Nugent, Amy Gravely, Scott E Sherman
INTRODUCTION: Veterans with a mental health diagnosis have high rates of tobacco use but encounter low rates of treatment from providers. This study tested whether a proactive tobacco treatment approach increases treatment engagement and abstinence rates in Department of Veterans Affairs mental health patients. STUDY DESIGN: RCT. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: The study was performed from 2013 to 2017 and analyses were conducted in 2017. Investigators used the electronic medical record at four Veterans Administration facilities to identify patients documented as current smokers and who had a mental health clinic visit in the past 12 months...
May 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538396/quantifying-population-level-health-benefits-and-harms-of-e-cigarette-use-in-the-united-states
#15
Samir S Soneji, Hai-Yen Sung, Brian A Primack, John P Pierce, James D Sargent
BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) may help cigarette smokers quit smoking, yet they may also facilitate cigarette smoking for never-smokers. We quantify the balance of health benefits and harms associated with e-cigarette use at the population level. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Monte Carlo stochastic simulation model. Model parameters were drawn from census counts, national health and tobacco use surveys, and published literature. We calculate the expected years of life gained or lost from the impact of e-cigarette use on smoking cessation among current smokers and transition to long-term cigarette smoking among never smokers for the 2014 US population cohort...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523476/health-related-lifestyle-factors-and-sexual-dysfunction-a-meta-analysis-of-population-based-research
#16
REVIEW
Mark S Allen, Emma E Walter
BACKGROUND: Sexual dysfunction is a common problem among men and women and is associated with negative individual functioning, relationship difficulties, and lower quality of life. AIM: To determine the magnitude of associations between 6 health-related lifestyle factors (cigarette smoking, alcohol intake, physical activity, diet, caffeine, and cannabis use) and 3 common sexual dysfunctions (erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation, and female sexual dysfunction)...
April 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485365/childhood-trauma-combat-trauma-and-substance-use-in-national-guard-and-reserve-soldiers
#17
Bonnie M Vest, Rachel A Hoopsick, D Lynn Homish, Rachel C Daws, Gregory G Homish
BACKGROUND: The goal of this work was to examine associations among childhood trauma, combat trauma and substance use (alcohol problems, frequent heavy drinking (FHD), current cigarette smoking, and current/lifetime drug use) and the interaction effects of childhood trauma and combat exposure on those associations among National Guard/Reserve soldiers. METHODS: Participants (n = 248) completed an electronic survey asking questions about their military experiences, physical and mental health, and substance use...
February 27, 2018: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485005/vaping-versus-smoking-a-quest-for-efficacy-and-safety-of-e-cigarette
#18
Harmeet Singh Rehan, Jahnavi Maini, A Ps Hungin
BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarettes (ECIGs) are devices with a heating element which produces aerosol for inhalation. They have been propagated as a healthier alternative to tobacco smoking and a potential device for smoking cessation, despite non-documentation of their long-term adverse health effects. OBJECTIVES: With the glorification of ECIG, its use has increased even among non-tobacco users. This makes it critical to understand and discuss a true picture about safety and utility of ECIGs by reviewing the literature...
February 26, 2018: Current Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464666/application-of-discrete-choice-experiment-methods-in-tobacco-control-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Kabindra Regmi, Dinesh Kaphle, Sabina Timilsina, Nik Annie Afiqah Tuha
BACKGROUND: Economic evidence relating to tobacco control is generally derived from the cost effectiveness of smoking-cessation programs or the economic impact of tobacco-induced disease, based on revealed-preference data. However, empirical estimates from stated-preference data on tobacco users' preferences, smoking behaviour and smoking cessation aids using analytical techniques such as discrete-choice experiments (DCEs) could be important for policy decision making in tobacco control...
March 2018: PharmacoEconomics Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431696/e-cigarette-report-reveals-research-gaps
#20
(no author information available yet)
In a comprehensive analysis of existing studies, the U.S. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine concluded that electronic cigarettes are addictive, though less toxic than conventional cigarettes. The report also identified key areas for future research, including smoking cessation, adolescent use, and long-term health effects.
March 2018: Cancer Discovery
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