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The Health Effects of Electronic Cigarettes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107337/e-cigarettes-and-smoking-cessation-a-primer-for-oncology-clinicians
#1
Yanina Zborovskaya
BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarettes 
(e-cigarettes) are a psychosocial phenomenon of the 21st century with serious implications to public and individual health. The significant increase of their popularity and use has raised concerns in the healthcare community regarding their potential benefits and harm, particularly their use as a smoking cessation methodology. 
. OBJECTIVES: Current knowledge is presented about e-cigarettes, including the clinical implications of their use, and associated controversies are analyzed...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090560/perceptions-of-secondhand-e-cigarette-aerosol-among-twitter-users
#2
Jennifer B Unger, Patricia Escobedo, Jon-Patrick Allem, Daniel W Soto, Kar-Hai Chu, Tess Cruz
OBJECTIVES: There is considerable debate among the public health community about the health risks of secondhand exposure to the aerosol from electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes). Despite mounting scientific evidence on the chemical content of e-cigarette aerosol, public perceptions of the relative safety of secondhand e-cigarette aerosol have not been well characterized. METHOD: This study collected tweets, or messages sent using Twitter, about exposure to secondhand e-cigarette aerosol over a 6-week period in 2015...
April 2016: Tobacco Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087586/using-e-cigarettes-in-the-home-to-reduce-smoking-and-secondhand-smoke-disadvantaged-parents-accounts
#3
Neneh Rowa-Dewar, Catriona Rooke, Amanda Amos
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are subject to considerable public health debate. Most public health experts agree that for smokers who find it particularly challenging to quit, e-cigarettes may reduce harm. E-cigarette use in the home may also reduce children's secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure, although e-cigarette vapour may pose risks. This is the first qualitative study to explore disadvantaged parents' views and experiences of e-cigarettes in relation to reducing SHS exposure in the home. Interviews with 25 disadvantaged parents from Edinburgh who smoked and had children aged 1-3 were conducted in 2013, with 17 re-interviewed in 2014...
January 13, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062390/the-readability-of-electronic-cigarette-health-information-and-advice-a-quantitative-analysis-of-web-based-information
#4
Albert Park, Shu-Hong Zhu, Mike Conway
BACKGROUND: The popularity and use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) has increased across all demographic groups in recent years. However, little is currently known about the readability of health information and advice aimed at the general public regarding the use of e-cigarettes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to examine the readability of publicly available health information as well as advice on e-cigarettes. We compared information and advice available from US government agencies, nongovernment organizations, English speaking government agencies outside the United States, and for-profit entities...
January 6, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059903/tobacco-e-cigarettes-and-child-health
#5
Lisa A Peterson, Stephen S Hecht
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: The availability of the Children's Health Exposure Assessment Resource funded by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences provides new opportunities for exploring the role of tobacco smoke exposure in causing harm to children. RECENT FINDINGS: Children of smokers are exposed to nicotine and other harmful tobacco smoke chemicals in utero as well as in their environment. This passive exposure to tobacco smoke has a variety of negative effects on children...
January 5, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029910/the-health-effects-of-electronic-cigarettes
#6
LETTER
Chitra Dinakar, George T O’Connor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
29, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997237/lost-in-e-cigarette-clouds-a-culture-on-the-rise
#7
Stephanie Jarmul, Angela Aherrera, Ana M Rule, Pablo Olmedo, Rui Chen, Ana Navas-Acien
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988415/emergence-of-electronic-cigarette-use-in-us-adolescents-and-the-link-to-traditional-cigarette-use
#8
Stephanie T Lanza, Michael A Russell, Jessica L Braymiller
BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are increasingly used by US adolescents and may be a gateway to traditional cigarette use. We examine rates of both products by age and examine differences in age-varying rates by sex and race/ethnicity. METHODS: Data are from the 2014 National Youth Tobacco Survey, a national sample of US middle and high school students (n=22.007); students ages 11-19 were included. Past 30-day e-cigarette and traditional cigarette use were examined as a function of age; sex and race/ethnicity were included as moderators...
April 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986085/evidence-for-harm-reduction-in-copd-smokers-who-switch-to-electronic-cigarettes
#9
Riccardo Polosa, Jaymin Bhagwanji Morjaria, Pasquale Caponnetto, Umberto Prosperini, Cristina Russo, Alfio Pennisi, Cosimo Marcello Bruno
BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarettes (ECs) are battery-operated devices designed to vaporise nicotine, which may help smokers quitting or reducing their tobacco consumption. There is a lack of data on the health effects of EC use among smokers with COPD and whether regular use results in improvement in subjective and objective COPD outcomes. We investigated long-term changes in objective and subjective respiratory outcomes in smokers with a diagnosis of COPD who quit or reduced substantially their tobacco consumption by supplementing with or converting only to ECs use...
December 16, 2016: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934275/flavoring-compounds-dominate-toxic-aldehyde-production-during-e-cigarette-vaping
#10
Andrey Khlystov, Vera Samburova
The growing popularity of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) raises concerns about the possibility of adverse health effects to primary users and people exposed to e-cigarette vapors. E-Cigarettes offer a very wide variety of flavors, which is one of the main factors that attract new, especially young, users. How flavoring compounds in e-cigarette liquids affect the chemical composition and toxicity of e-cigarette vapors is practically unknown. Although e-cigarettes are marketed as safer alternatives to traditional cigarettes, several studies have demonstrated formation of toxic aldehydes in e-cigarette vapors during vaping...
December 6, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932811/a-pilot-study-of-the-gingival-response-when-smokers-switch-from-smoking-to-vaping
#11
R Wadia, V Booth, H F Yap, D L Moyes
Introduction Tobacco smoking is one of the most important risk factors for periodontitis as it alters the host response to plaque. Although the prevalence of tobacco smoking has declined in recent years, the use of electronic-cigarettes (vaping) has increased. The effect of vaping on the gingiva is unknown and an evidence-base needs to be established before providing dental advice about the use of these products.Objective To compare the gingival health of a group of established smokers before and after substituting vaping for smoking tobacco...
December 9, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914771/overview-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Allison M Glasser, Lauren Collins, Jennifer L Pearson, Haneen Abudayyeh, Raymond S Niaura, David B Abrams, Andrea C Villanti
CONTEXT: Rapid developments in e-cigarettes, or electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), and the evolution of the overall tobacco product marketplace warrant frequent evaluation of the published literature. The purpose of this article is to report updated findings from a comprehensive review of the published scientific literature on ENDS. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The authors conducted a systematic review of published empirical research literature on ENDS through May 31, 2016, using a detailed search strategy in the PubMed electronic database, expert review, and additional targeted searches...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901521/electronic-cigarette-use-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-prevalence-and-attitudes
#13
Brian J Miller, Alexandre Wang, Joyce Wong, Nina Paletta, Peter F Buckley
BACKGROUND: Smoking is highly prevalent in patients with schizophrenia. Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are becoming increasingly popular among smokers. Surveys indicate overall favorable attitudes toward the use of e-cigarettes to reduce or quit smoking, relieve withdrawal symptoms, and with respect to perceived health risks; however, less is known about their use in patients with schizophrenia. In the present study, we investigated the prevalence of and attitudes toward e-cigarettes in patients with schizophrenia...
November 1, 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890516/trends-in-e-cigarette-awareness-and-perceived-harmfulness-in-the-u-s
#14
Timothy R Huerta, Daniel M Walker, Deborah Mullen, Tyler J Johnson, Eric W Ford
INTRODUCTION: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are gaining in popularity as an alternative to regular cigarettes, as they are viewed as potentially less harmful. However, it remains unclear how awareness about e-cigarettes is permeating through the general U.S. POPULATION: This study seeks to extend previous research and examine trends in e-cigarette awareness and perceived harmfulness, and their association with smoking-cessation efforts. METHODS: Data from three cycles (2012, 2013, and 2014) of the Health Information National Trends Survey were combined into a single data set...
November 24, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879608/e-cigarettes-and-potential-implications-for-plastic-surgery
#15
Peter J Taub, Alan Matarasso
The use of tobacco-based products, most notably cigarettes, is related directly to wound healing problems and poorer outcomes in plastic surgery. Current abstracts have highlighted the potential complications from nicotine, specifically following plastic surgery in patients who choose to smoke. Recently, products that use electricity to vaporize liquid nitrogen have been gaining popularity. New rules were recently proposed that would give the federal government authority over electronic cigarettes. However, the health-related issues surrounding e-cigarettes are still largely unknown or misunderstood...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861501/e-cigarette-awareness-use-and-harm-perception-among-adults-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#16
Ying Xu, Yanfang Guo, Kaiqian Liu, Zheng Liu, Xiaobo Wang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to systematically review the published literature on the awareness, previous and current use, and harm perceptions of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) among adults. METHODS: A search of the most current literature using the PubMed and Scopus database to identify articles published since 2003 yielded a total of 28 relevant articles. RESULTS: The pooled prevalence of awareness, previous use, current use of e-cigarettes and perceived healthier of e-cigarettes than regular cigarettes (healthier perception) among adults were 61...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845734/blood-pressure-control-in-smokers-with-arterial-hypertension-who-switched-to-electronic-cigarettes
#17
Riccardo Polosa, Jaymin B Morjaria, Pasquale Caponnetto, Eliana Battaglia, Cristina Russo, Claudio Ciampi, George Adams, Cosimo M Bruno
Electronic cigarettes (ECs) are battery-operated devices designed to vaporise nicotine, which may help smokers with quitting or reducing their tobacco consumption. No data is available regarding the health effects of ECs use among smokers with arterial hypertension and whether regular use results in blood pressure (BP) changes. We investigated long-term changes in resting BP and level of BP control in hypertensive smokers who quit or reduced substantially their tobacco consumption by switching to ECs. A medical records review of patients with hypertension was conducted to identify patients reporting regular daily use of ECs on at least two consecutive follow-up visits...
November 11, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806211/electronic-cigarette-use-and-respiratory-symptoms-in-adolescents
#18
Rob McConnell, Jessica L Barrington-Trimis, Kejia Wang, Robert Urman, Hanna Hong, Jennifer Unger, Jonathan Samet, Adam Leventhal, Kiros Berhane
BACKGROUND: Rates of adolescent electronic (e-) cigarette use are increasing, but there has been little study of the chronic effects of use. Components of e-cigarette aerosol have known pulmonary toxicity. METHODS: Associations of self-reported use of e-cigarettes with chronic bronchitic symptoms (chronic cough, phlegm or bronchitis) and of wheeze in the previous 12 months were examined in 2086 Southern California Children's Health Study participants completing questionnaires in 11th and 12th grade in 2014...
November 2, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798086/could-vaping-be-a-new-weapon-in-the-battle-of-the-bulge
#19
Marewa Glover, Bernhard H Breier, Linda Bauld
: As the prevalence of tobacco smoking has been decreasing, obesity has increased. Obesity is set to overtake tobacco smoking in many developed countries as the primary preventable cause of conditions such as diabetes, cancer, and heart disease. Obesity is a complex condition that is challenging public health prevention efforts. Tobacco smoking mitigates weight gain through nicotine's effect on the brain and metabolism. The prospect of gaining weight upon stopping smoking acts as an inhibitor to quitting and weight gain post-cessation is a common cause of relapse...
October 25, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776582/e-cigarettes-a-need-to-broaden-the-debate
#20
E Latif, M Nair
The unregulated market for e-cigarettes continues to grow, with debates on their efficacy and impact on global public health. E-cigarettes, or electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDs), are marketed as a 'safe' alternative to tobacco products and a tool for 'harm reduction'. Some public health experts are calling it a 'game changer' and favour the 'harm reduction' strategy, while others dispute this claim. In our opinion, the debate needs to be broadened to encompass other related concerns and effects on non-users and affected stakeholders...
November 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
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