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Ashwin Kishtagari

Ashwin Kishtagari, Justin Watts
Telomeres at the ends of linear chromosomes protect the genome. Telomeres shorten with each round of cell division, placing a finite limit on cell growth. Telomere attrition is associated with cell senescence and apoptosis. Telomerase, a specialized ribonucleoprotein complex, maintains telomeres homeostasis through repeat addition of telomere sequences to the 3' telomeric overhang. Telomere biology is closely related to cancer and normal aging. Upregulation of telomerase or activation of the alternative pathway of telomere lengthening is a hallmark of cancer cells, making telomerase an attractive target for cancer therapeutics...
November 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
Catherine C Coombs, Ahmet Zehir, Sean M Devlin, Ashwin Kishtagari, Aijazuddin Syed, Philip Jonsson, David M Hyman, David B Solit, Mark E Robson, José Baselga, Maria E Arcila, Marc Ladanyi, Martin S Tallman, Ross L Levine, Michael F Berger
Clonal hematopoiesis (CH), as evidenced by recurrent somatic mutations in leukemia-associated genes, commonly occurs among aging human hematopoietic stem cells. We analyzed deep-coverage, targeted, next-generation sequencing (NGS) data of paired tumor and blood samples from 8,810 individuals to assess the frequency and clinical relevance of CH in patients with non-hematologic malignancies. We identified CH in 25% of cancer patients, with 4.5% harboring presumptive leukemia driver mutations (CH-PD). CH was associated with increased age, prior radiation therapy, and tobacco use...
September 7, 2017: Cell Stem Cell
Bartlomiej M Getta, Ashwin Kishtagari, Patrick Hilden, Martin S Tallman, Molly Maloy, Patrick Gonzales, Hugo Castro-Malaspina, Miguel-Angel Perales, Sergio Giralt, Roni Tamari, Virginia Klimek
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) is the only curative treatment for myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). The proportion of MDS patients referred for transplantation evaluation, those undergoing transplantation, and the reasons for not undergoing transplantation are unknown. In this retrospective analysis, predefined HCT eligibility and indications criteria were applied to 362 unselected patients with newly diagnosed MDS seen by leukemia faculty between 2008 and 2015 at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center...
March 20, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Justin M Watts, Bogdan Dumitriu, Patrick Hilden, Ashwin Kishtagari, Franck Rapaport, Christina Chen, Jihae Ahn, Sean M Devlin, Eytan M Stein, Raajit Rampal, Ross L Levine, Neal Young, Martin S Tallman
We examined the genetic implications and clinical impact of telomere length (TL) in 67 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). There was a trend toward improved survival at 6 months in patients with longer TL. We found that patients with activating mutations, such as FLT3-ITD, had shorter TL, while those with mutations in epigenetic modifying enzymes, particularly IDH1 and IDH2, had longer TL. These are intriguing findings that warrant further investigation in larger cohorts. Our data show the potential of TL as a predictive biomarker in AML and identify genetic subsets that may be particularly vulnerable to telomere-targeted therapies...
October 2016: Leukemia Research
Justin M Watts, Ashwin Kishtagari, Meier Hsu, Mario E Lacouture, Michael A Postow, Jae H Park, Eytan M Stein, Julie Teruya-Feldstein, Omar Abdel-Wahab, Sean M Devlin, Martin S Tallman
Few studies have examined melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) incidence rates after a diagnosis of hairy cell leukaemia (HCL). We assessed 267 HCL patients treated at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) and Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) data for melanoma and NMSC incidence rates after HCL. Incidence data from MSKCC patients demonstrated a 10-year combined melanoma and NMSC skin cancer rate of 11·3%, melanoma 4·4% and NMSC 6·9%. Molecular analysis of skin cancers from MSKCC patients revealed activating RAS mutations in 3/9 patients, including one patient with melanoma...
October 2015: British Journal of Haematology
Ashwin Kishtagari, Montreh Tavakkoli, Jae H Park
In the USA, approximately 26,000 adolescents and young adults (AYAs) aged 15-29 years are diagnosed with cancer every year. The cure rate among this population exceeds 80%, resulting in a growing number of AYA cancer survivors. AYA cancer survivors suffer from a wide range of long-term treatment-related toxicities that adversely affect quality of life and increase the risk of premature death. Therefore, it is important to recognize the unique medical needs of the AYA cancer survivors and develop a cost-effective and systemic approach to screen and prevent cancer treatment-related sequelae and the adverse health outcomes...
2014: Acta Haematologica
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