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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916687/a-unique-combination-of-micronutrients-rejuvenates-cognitive-performance-in-aged-mice
#1
Sam D Perez, Kristy Du, Catarina Rendeiro, Lin Wang, Qian Wu, Stanislav S Rubakhin, Rema Vazhappilly, Jeffrey H Baxter, Jonathan V Sweedler, Justin S Rhodes
It is widely believed that diet can influence the onset and severity of cognitive aging, but the optimal combination of micronutrients and molecular and cellular mechanisms remain elusive. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of eight distinct diets, consisting of various concentrations of selected micronutrients, on learning and memory as well as markers of neuronal plasticity, and metabolic and neuro-immune status of the aged hippocampus. Eighteen-month-old male and female C57BL/6J mice were fed the diets for 16 weeks, followed by learning and memory trials on the active avoidance task...
December 1, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915130/gamma-irradiation-enhanced-tollip-mediated-anti-inflammatory-action-through-structural-modification-of-quercetin-in-lipopolysaccharide-stimulated-macrophages
#2
Eui-Baek Byun, Beom-Su Jang, Hye-Min Kim, Mi-So Yang, Nak-Yun Sung, Eui-Hong Byun
The changes in molecular structure and anti-inflammatory action of a gamma-irradiated quercetin were examined. Quercetin was gamma-irradiated at doses of 0, 15, 30, 50, 100 and 150kGy, which induced new radiolytic peaks (the highest radiolytic peak at a dose of 30kGy). Treatment of intact- and gamma-irradiated quercetin did not induce a significant cellular toxicity of macrophages at concentrations ranging from 12.5 to 50μM. Treatment of LPS-stimulated macrophages with gamma-irradiated quercetin (30kGy) showed a higher inhibitory action than intact-quercetin groups in the excessive expression of inducible nitric oxide synthases-mediated nitric oxide, prostaglandin E2, pro-inflammatory cytokines level, such as tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6 and interleukin-1β, reactive oxygen species, as well as cell surface molecules (CD80, CD86, and MHC class I/II)...
November 30, 2016: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909560/induction-of-heme-oxygenase-1-with-dietary-quercetin-reduces-obesity-induced-hepatic-inflammation-through-macrophage-phenotype-switching
#3
Chu-Sook Kim, Hye-Seon Choi, Yeonsoo Joe, Hun Taeg Chung, Rina Yu
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Obesity-induced steatohepatitis accompanied by activated hepatic macrophages/Kupffer cells facilitates the progression of hepatic fibrinogenesis and exacerbates metabolic derangements such as insulin resistance. Heme oxyganase-1 (HO-1) modulates tissue macrophage phenotypes and thus is implicated in protection against inflammatory diseases. Here, we show that the flavonoid quercetin reduces obesity-induced hepatic inflammation by inducing HO-1, which promotes hepatic macrophage polarization in favor of the M2 phenotype...
December 2016: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896629/remote-limb-ischemic-preconditioning-protects-rats-against-cerebral-ischemia-via-hif-1%C3%AE-ampk-hsp70-pathway
#4
Ming Xia, Qian Ding, Zhidan Zhang, Qinggen Feng
Remote limb ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) is a clinically feasible strategy to protect against ischemia/reperfusion injury, but the knowledge concerning the mechanism underlying RIPC is scarce. This study was performed to examine the effect of RIPC on brain tissue suffering from ischemia challenge and explore its underlying mechanism in a rat model. The animals were divided into four groups: Sham, middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), RIPC, and MCAO+RIPC. We found that previous exposure to RIPC significantly attenuated neurological dysfunction and lessened brain edema in MCAO+RIPC group...
November 28, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846826/natural-product-htp-screening-for-antibacterial-e-coli-0157-h7-and-anti-inflammatory-agents-in-lps-from-e-coli-o111-b4-activated-macrophages-and-microglial-cells-focus-on-sepsis
#5
Elizabeth A Mazzio, Nan Li, David Bauer, Patricia Mendonca, Equar Taka, Mohammed Darb, Leeshawn Thomas, Henry Williams, Karam F A Soliman
BACKGROUND: Acute systemic inflammatory response syndrome arising from infection can lead to multiple organ failure and death, with greater susceptibility occurring in immunocompromised individuals. Moreover, sub-acute chronic inflammation is a contributor to the pathology of diverse degenerative diseases (Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease and arthritis). Given the known limitations in Western medicine to treat a broad range of inflammatory related illness as well as the emergence of antibiotic resistance, there is a renewed interest in complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs) to achieve these means...
November 15, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761080/free-radical-scavenging-%C3%AE-glucosidase-inhibitory-and-anti-inflammatory-constituents-from-indian-sedges-cyperus-scariosus-r-br-and-cyperus-rotundus-l
#6
Lavanya Kakarla, Suresh Babu Katragadda, Ashok K Tiwari, K Srigiridhar Kotamraju, K Madhusudana, D Anand Kumar, Mahendran Botlagunta
BACKGROUND: Cyperus scariosus R. Br and Cyperus rotundus L are widely used in ayurvedic preparation for the treatment of diabetes and other diseases. The early literature, so far, does not indicate the presence of any bioactive principle isolated from these plants. OBJECTIVE: To identify free radical scavenging, anti-diabetic and anti- inflammatory principles from these two species. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The bioassay guided fractionation and isolation of active constituents was done by chromatographic techniques...
July 2016: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709826/buckwheat-bioactive-compounds-their-derived-phenolic-metabolites-and-their-health-benefits
#7
Juan Antonio Giménez-Bastida, Henryk Zielinski, Mariusz Piskula, Danuta Zielinska, Dorota Szawara-Nowak
SCOPE: Buckwheat (BW) consumption has been associated with a broad range of health benefits: antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anticancer. These beneficial effects have been partially related to the presence of flavonoids. However, some of these compounds (i.e., rutin and quercetin) are metabolized in the gastrointestinal tract generating derived phenolic metabolites. In this study, we investigated the biological activity of rutin (Ru), quercetin (Q) an their derived phenolic metabolites 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (3,4-DHPAA), 3-hydroxyphenylacetic acid (3-HPAA), and 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenylacetic acid (homovanillic acid, HVA)...
October 6, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648736/anti-inflammatory-potential-of-quercetin-3-o-%C3%AE-d-2-galloyl-glucopyranoside-and-quercetin-isolated-from-diospyros-kaki-calyx-via-suppression-of-map-signaling-molecules-in-lps-induced-raw-264-7-macrophages
#8
Yong-Hun Cho, Na-Hyung Kim, Imran Khan, Jae Myo Yu, Hyun Gug Jung, Han Hyuk Kim, Jae Yoon Jang, Hyeon Jeong Kim, Dong-In Kim, Jae-Hoon Kwak, Sun Chul Kang, Bong Jeun An
Diospyros kaki (DK) contains an abundance of flavonoids and has been used in folk medicine in Korea for centuries. Here, we report for the first time the anti-inflammatory activities of Quercetin (QCT) and Quercetin 3-O-β-("2"-galloyl)-glucopyranoside (Q32G) isolated from DK. We have determine the no cytotoxicity of Q32G and QCT against RAW 264.7 cells up to concentration of 50 μM. QCT and Q32G demonstrated potent anti-inflammatory activities by reducing expression of nitric oxide (NO), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 inducible NO synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPKs) in mouse RAW 264...
October 2016: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607841/hyaluronic-acid-nanohydrogel-loaded-with-quercetin-alone-or-in-combination-to-a-macrolide-derivative-of-rapamycin-rad001-everolimus-as-a-new-treatment-for-hormone-responsive-human-breast-cancer
#9
V Quagliariello, R V Iaffaioli, E Armenia, O Clemente, M Barbarisi, G Nasti, M Berretta, A Ottaiano, A Barbarisi
The aim of this study is based on the evaluation of anticancer, anti-inflammatory activities and cellular uptake of hyaluronic acid nanohydrogel of quercetin tested alone and in combination to a macrolide derivative of rapamycin RAD001 (everolimus) on hormone-responsive breast cancer cell line MCF-7. Biological investigations were focused on the receptor mediated cellular internalization of the nanohydrogel and its abilities to reduce secretion of several cytokines (IL-8, IL-6, IL-19), VEGF and metalloproteases (MMP-2, MMP-9) under pro-inflammatory conditions...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598863/anti-oxidative-assays-as-markers-for-anti-inflammatory-activity-of-flavonoids
#10
Wasaporn Chanput, Narumol Krueyos, Pitiporn Ritthiruangdej
The complexity of in vitro anti-inflammatory assays, the cost and time consumed, and the necessary skills can be a hurdle to apply to promising compounds in a high throughput setting. In this study, several antioxidative assays i.e. DPPH, ABTS, ORAC and xanthine oxidase (XO) were used to examine the antioxidative activity of three sub groups of flavonoids: (i) flavonol: quercetin, myricetin, (ii) flavanone: eriodictyol, naringenin (iii) flavone: luteolin, apigenin. A range of flavonoid concentrations was tested for their antioxidative activities and were found to be dose-dependent...
September 3, 2016: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585526/quercetin-attenuates-atherosclerotic-inflammation-and-adhesion-molecule-expression-by-modulating-tlr-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway
#11
Shobha Bhaskar, P R Sudhakaran, A Helen
Adhesion molecules expressed by activated endothelial cells play key role in regulating leukocyte trafficking to sites of inflammation. The present study attempted to explore whether the polyphenolic flavonoid quercetin influence leukocyte endothelial attraction and the involvement of TLR-NF-κB signaling pathway in the expression of adhesion molecules involved in the early development of atherosclerosis. Quercetin at 25μM concentration significantly reduced the HUVEC expression of VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 evidently enhanced by oxLDL...
August 26, 2016: Cellular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504150/hepatoprotective-effect-of-quercetin-on-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-and-inflammation-after-intense-exercise-in-mice-through-phosphoinositide-3-kinase-and-nuclear-factor-kappa-b
#12
Yuhan Tang, Juan Li, Chao Gao, Yanyan Xu, Yanyan Li, Xiao Yu, Jing Wang, Liegang Liu, Ping Yao
The mechanisms underlying intense exercise-induced liver damage and its potential treatments remain unclear. We explored the hepatoprotection and mechanisms of quercetin, a naturally occurring flavonoid, in strenuous exercise-derived endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) and inflammation. Intense exercise (28 m/min at a 5° slope for 90 min) resulted in the leakage of aminotransferases in the BALB/C mice. The hepatic ultrastructural malformations and oxidative stress levels were attenuated by quercetin (100 mg/kg·bw)...
2016: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27421015/quercetin-ameliorates-lps-induced-inflammation-in-human-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-by-inhibition-of-the-tlr2-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway
#13
M Zhang, J M Lin, X S Li, J Li
Quercetin, a dietary flavonoid abundant in fruits, vegetables, and herbs, presents various pharmacological effects. This study aimed to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect and the underlying mechanism of quercetin in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). Cell viability was measured by the Cell Counting Kit-8 assay. The mRNA expression of Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) was assessed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Inflammatory cytokine secretions and nuclear factor (NF)-kB levels were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405734/quercetin-3-7-o-dimethyl-ether-from-siegesbeckia-pubescens-suppress-the-production-of-inflammatory-mediators-in-lipopolysaccharide-induced-macrophages-and-colon-epithelial-cells
#14
Seul-Gi Lee, Mihye Kim, Cho Een Kim, Jisu Kang, Hyunji Yoo, Sang Hyun Sung, Mina Lee
Siegesbeckia pubescens (Compositae) is an annual herb indigenous to Korean mountainous regions. Recent reports have been issued on some compounds derived from S. pubescens for its anti-inflammatory activity or mode of action. The quercetin 3,7-O-dimethyl ether (QDE) isolated from the herbs of S. pubescens suppressed the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) protein production in mouse macrophages. QDE downregulated pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1β, tumor necrosis factor -α levels in LPS-stimulated macrophages...
July 13, 2016: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294919/flavonoids-as-cytokine-modulators-a-possible-therapy-for-inflammation-related-diseases
#15
REVIEW
Nayely Leyva-López, Erick P Gutierrez-Grijalva, Dulce L Ambriz-Perez, J Basilio Heredia
High levels of cytokines, such as interleukin (IL)-1β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and IL-6, are associated with chronic diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, atherosclerosis, Alzheimer's disease and cancer; therefore cytokine inhibition might be an important target for the treatment of these diseases. Most drugs used to alleviate some inflammation-related symptoms act by inhibiting cyclooxygenases activity or by blocking cytokine receptors. Nevertheless, these drugs have secondary effects when used on a long-term basis...
June 9, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27224288/17-dmag-an-hsp90-inhibitor-ameliorates-multiple-organ-dysfunction-syndrome-via-induction-of-hsp70-in-endotoxemic-rats
#16
Yi-Li Wang, Hsin-Hsueh Shen, Pao-Yun Cheng, Yen-Ju Chu, Hwong-Ru Hwang, Kwok-Keung Lam, Yen-Mei Lee
Sepsis is a systemic inflammatory disorder, accompanied with elevated oxidative stress, leading to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS), and disseminated intravascular coagulation. 17-Dimethylaminoethylamino- 17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-DMAG), a heat shock protein (HSP) 90 inhibitor, has been reported to possess anti-inflammatory effects. In this study, the beneficial effects of 17-DMAG on lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced MODS and DIC was evaluated in anesthetized rats. 17-DMAG (5 mg/kg, i.p.) was significantly increased survival rate, and prevented hypotension in LPS (30 mg/kg i...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27211624/chemical-composition-antioxidant-and-anti-inflammatory-properties-of-pistachio-hull-extracts
#17
Mary H Grace, Debora Esposito, Michael A Timmers, Jia Xiong, Gad Yousef, Slavko Komarnytsky, Mary Ann Lila
Phytochemical and bioactivity analyses of pistachio hulls revealed the presence of anacardic acids (3198mg/100g), fatty acids (1500mg/100g), and phytosterols (192mg/100g) as major components. Carotenoids (4.93mg/100g), chlorophylls (10.27mg/100g), tocopherols (8.83mg/100g), and three triterpene acids (mangiferolic, isomangiferolic and mangiferonic acids) were characterized. A polar (P) extract contained quercetin-3-O-glucoside (6.27mg/g), together with smaller concentrations of quercetin, myricetin and luteolin flavonoids, accounting for 5...
November 1, 2016: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27187333/quercetin-and-its-anti-allergic-immune-response
#18
REVIEW
Jiri Mlcek, Tunde Jurikova, Sona Skrovankova, Jiri Sochor
Quercetin is the great representative of polyphenols, flavonoids subgroup, flavonols. Its main natural sources in foods are vegetables such as onions, the most studied quercetin containing foods, and broccoli; fruits (apples, berry crops, and grapes); some herbs; tea; and wine. Quercetin is known for its antioxidant activity in radical scavenging and anti-allergic properties characterized by stimulation of immune system, antiviral activity, inhibition of histamine release, decrease in pro-inflammatory cytokines, leukotrienes creation, and suppresses interleukin IL-4 production...
2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27132714/wayanin-and-guaijaverin-two-active-metabolites-found-in-a-psidium-acutangulum-mart-ex-dc-syn-p-persoonii-mcvaugh-myrtaceae-antimalarial-decoction-from-the-wayana-amerindians
#19
Emeline Houël, Flore Nardella, Valérie Jullian, Alexis Valentin, Catherine Vonthron-Sénécheau, Pascal Villa, Adeline Obrecht, Marcel Kaiser, Eliane Bourreau, Guillaume Odonne, Marie Fleury, Geneviève Bourdy, Véronique Eparvier, Eric Deharo, Didier Stien
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Psidium acutangulum Mart. ex DC is a small tree used by the Wayana Amerindians from the Upper-Maroni in French Guiana for the treatment of malaria. AIM OF THE STUDY: In a previous study, we highlighted the in vitro antiplasmodial, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potential of the traditional decoction of P. acutangulum aerial parts. Our goal was then to investigate on the origin of the biological activity of the traditional remedy, and eventually characterize active constituents...
July 1, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27092039/anti-oncogenic-perspectives-of-spices-herbs-a-comprehensive-review
#20
REVIEW
Masood Sadiq Butt, Ambreen Naz, Muhammad Tauseef Sultan, Mir Muhammad Nasir Qayyum
Contemporary nutrition regime has focused the attention of the researchers on phytochemicals enriched spices to mitigate various oncological threats. Numerous chemopreventive strategies against malignancy have been developed considering the anticancer perspectives of allied nutraceutical constituents. Current evidences have proven an inverse association of spices with that of oncological incidences. The high antioxidant activity of spices derived bioactives triggers the free radicals scavenging ability at cellular level thereby alleviating various metabolic syndromes...
2013: EXCLI journal
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