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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192127/long-term-treatment-with-nandrolone-decanoate-impairs-mesenteric-vascular-relaxation-in-both-sedentary-and-exercised-female-rats
#1
Izabela F Caliman, Cristian S Bernabe, Antônio F de Melo, Girlândia A Brasil, Andrews M do Nascimento, Ewelyne M de Lima, Suely G Figueiredo, Tadeu U de Andrade, Nazaré S Bissoli
Nandrolone Decanoate (ND) is an Anabolic Androgenic Steroid (AAS) that under abusive regimen can lead to multiple physiological adverse effects. Studies of AAS-mediated cardiovascular (CV) alterations were mostly taken from male subjects, even though women are also susceptible to the effects of AAS and gender-specific differences in susceptibility to vascular diseases exist. Here we investigate ND-induced vascular reactivity alterations in both sedentary and exercised female rats and whether these alterations depend on endothelium-derived factors...
February 10, 2017: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144902/ameliorative-effects-of-endurance-exercise-with-two-different-intensities-on-nandrolone-decanoate-induced-neurodegeneration-in-rats-involving-redox-and-apoptotic-systems
#2
Siyavash Joukar, Reza Vahidi, Alireza Farsinejad, Majid Asadi-Shekaari, Beydolah Shahouzehi
Despite the importance of this issue, less has been paid to the influence of exercise on the neural side effects of anabolic androgenic steroids and mechanisms. We investigated the effects of two levels of endurance exercise on neurodegeneration side effects of nandrolone. The study period was 8 weeks. Wistar rats were divided into nine groups including the control (CTL) group, mild exercise (mEx) group, and vehicle (Arach) group which received arachis oil intramuscularly, nandrolone (Nan) group which received nandrolone decanoate 5 mg/kg two times weekly, mEx+Arach group which treated with arachis oil along with mild exercise, mEx+Nan group which treated with nandrolone along with mild exercise, severe exercise (sEx) group, sEx+Arach, and sEx+Nan groups...
January 31, 2017: Neurotoxicity Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048973/effect-of-physical-exercise-and-anabolic-steroid-treatment-on-spinal-motoneurons-and-surrounding-glia-of-wild-type-and-als-mice
#3
Roman M Kassa, Roberta Bonafede, Federico Boschi, Marina Bentivoglio, Raffaella Mariotti
Motoneuron degeneration is the hallmark of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The cause and predisposing factors for sporadic ALS are still unknown. Exposure to a specific environmental risk factors in subjects with a susceptibility genotype may increase the risk of the disease. The role of physical activity and the use of anabolic steroids are still debated in epidemiological studies on patients and murine models of ALS. To assess at the cellular level the role (beneficial or detrimental) of physical exercise and the use of anabolic steroid, we here investigated, in SOD1(G93A) (mSOD1) mice and wild-type littermates, changes in the ventral horn after regular exercise, treatment with the anabolic androgenic steroid 19-nortestosterone (nandrolone), and their combination, compared with matched control sedentary mice...
February 15, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019124/immediate-and-residual-effects-of-low-dose-nandrolone-decanoate-and-treadmill-training-on-adipose-and-reproductive-tissues-of-male-wistar-rats
#4
Josilene M Rodrigues, Vinicius P P Oliveira, Julia P Furlan, Ana Claudia Munhoz, Marcelo R S Rempel, Marcia N Brito, Nilton A Brito, Maria M D Pedrosa, Cecília E M Costa
CONTEXT: Residual effects after nandrolone decanoate (ND) treatment are not reported. OBJECTIVE: Immediate and residual effects of low-dose ND and treadmill training were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male rats were trained and/or ND-treated for four weeks and the assessments were made after this period or four weeks later. RESULTS: The groups did not differ in final plasma glucose or AUC of the ivGTT, but hyperinsulinemia was noticed in some trained/treated groups...
December 25, 2016: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989828/where-does-hydrolysis-of-nandrolone-decanoate-occur-in-the-human-body-after-release-from-an-oil-depot
#5
R W Kalicharan, M R Bout, C Oussoren, H Vromans
Long-term therapy of nandrolone (N) is recommended to increase mineral density and muscle strength. Using a parenteral sustained release drug formulation with nandrolone decanoate (ND), therapeutic N levels can be achieved and maintained. Until now, it is unknown if hydrolysis of ND into N occurs in tissue at the injection site or after systemic absorption. Therefore, hydrolysis studies were conducted to investigate the location and rate of ND hydrolysis after its release from the oil depot. ND hydrolysis was studied in porcine tissues, to mimic the human muscular and subcutaneous tissues...
October 29, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979262/effects-and-detection-of-nandrosol-and-ractopamine-administration-in-veal-calves
#6
Sara Divari, Enrica Berio, Paola Pregel, Alessandra Sereno, Luca Chiesa, Radmila Pavlovic, Sara Panseri, Toine F H Bovee, Bartolomeo Biolatti, Francesca T Cannizzo
The present study describes different effects of the selective androgen receptor modulator (SARM) nandrolone phenylpropionate (Nandrosol) and the β-agonist ractopamine administration in veal calves, and it investigates different strategies applied to trace these molecules. Morphological changes of gonads and accessory glands attributed to androgen effects, such as testicular atrophy, seminiferous tubule diameter reduction and hyperplasia of prostate epithelium, were detected, although SARMs are not described to cause these lesions...
April 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890818/the-anabolic-steroid-nandrolone-alters-cannabinoid-self-administration-and-brain-cb1-receptor-density-and-function
#7
Dicky Struik, Paola Fadda, Tamara Zara, Erica Zamberletti, Tiziana Rubino, Daniela Parolaro, Walter Fratta, Liana Fattore
Clinical and pre-clinical observations indicate that anabolic-androgenic steroids can induce neurobiological changes that alter the rewarding effects of drugs of abuse. In this study, we investigated the effect of the anabolic steroid nandrolone on the rewarding properties of the cannabinoid CB1 receptor agonist WIN55,212-2 (WIN) in rats. Lister Hooded male rats were treated intramuscularly with nandrolone (15mg/kg) or vehicle for 14 consecutive days, and then allowed to self-administer WIN (12.5μg/kg/infusion) intravenously...
January 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875951/effect-of-supraphysiological-doses-of-nandrolone-decanoate-upon-aldosterone-concentration-and-serum-na-k-levels-in-albino-mice
#8
Parmita Chowdhury, Rita Mahanta
BACKGROUND: This article is a study of adverse effects associated with the abuse of recreational drugs such as Anabolic Androgenic Steroids. Nandrolone Decanoate is one such drug often abused by athletes and bodybuilders seeking enhanced physical strength or appearance. The use of such steroids has increased dramatically over the years. OBJECTIVE: The present study was conducted to investigate the impact of nandrolone decanoate when consumed at an abused dose, upon serum aldosterone concentration in albino mice...
November 21, 2016: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845609/bovine-teeth-as-a-novel-matrix-for-the-control-of-the-food-chain-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-detection-of-treatments-with-prednisolone-dexamethasone-estradiol-nandrolone-and-seven-%C3%AE-2-agonists
#9
Luca Maria Chiesa, Maria Nobile, Sara Panseri, Bartolomeo Biolatti, Francesca Tiziana Cannizzo, Radmila Pavlovic, Francesco Arioli
Veterinary drugs usually have rapid clearance rates in the liver and kidney, hampering their detection in conventional matrices such as the liver or urine. Pharmacological principles such as esterification may be applied to facilitate the administration of veterinary drugs and increase drug half-life. Prednisolone, whose therapeutic administration is regulated for food producing animals in the EU, is available in its acetate form as well as nandrolone, a banned anabolic steroid, which may be obtained as nandrolone phenylpropionate and estradiol as a benzoyl ester...
January 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752030/the-effect-of-nandrolone-treatment-with-and-without-enforced-swimming-on-histological-and-biochemical-changes-in-the-heart-and-coronary-artery-of-male-rats
#10
Asghar Tofighi, Minoo Shirpoor, M H Khadem Ansari, Alireza Shirpoor, Mitra Zerehpoosh
OBJECTIVE: Chronic anabolic androgenic steroid (AAS) consumption increases incidence of cardiovascular abnormalities in athletes and mechanisms underlying those abnormalities continue to be investigated. This study examines whether nandrolone consumption induced cardiac and coronary artery wall abnormalities via oxidative stress. It was also designed to determine whether enforced swimming augmented possible cardiotoxic effects of nandrolone in rat heart. METHODS: Twenty-four male Wistar rats were divided into 3 groups: control, nandrolone, and nandrolone with enforced swimming...
October 12, 2016: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562815/ovarian-sex-steroid-receptors-and-sex-hormones-in-androgenized-rats
#11
Vinícius Augusto Simão, Luiz Gustavo De Almeida Chuffa, Isabel Cristina Cherici Camargo
This study evaluated for the first time the effects of different doses of the anabolic steroid Nandrolone Decanoate (ND) on the expression of ovarian steroid receptors (AR, ER-α, ER-β) and related sex hormones after treatment and recovery periods in adult rats. The animals were injected subcutaneously with doses of ND (1.87, 3.75, 7.5 or 15 mg/kg b.w.) or mineral oil (control group) for 15 days, and the experimental groups were divided into three periods of evaluation: (a) ND treatment for 15 days; (b) ND treatment and recovery for a period of 30 days; and, (c) ND treatment and recovery for a period of 60 days...
August 25, 2016: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535042/novel-uses-for-the-anabolic-androgenic-steroids-nandrolone-and-oxandrolone-in-the-management-of-male-health
#12
REVIEW
Christopher Wu, Jason R Kovac
There has recently been renewed interest in novel clinical applications of the anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) testosterone and its synthetic derivatives, particularly given with the rising popularity of testosterone supplementation therapy (TST) for the treatment of male hypogonadism. In this manuscript, we provide a brief review of the history of AAS and discuss clinical applications of two of the more well-known AAS: nandrolone and oxandrolone. Both agents exhibit favorable myotrophic/androgenic ratios and have been investigated for effectiveness in numerous disease states...
October 2016: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27523963/genomic-and-lipidomic-actions-of-nandrolone-on-detached-rotator-cuff-muscle-in-sheep
#13
Martin Flück, Severin Ruoss, Christoph B Möhl, Paola Valdivieso, Mario C Benn, Brigitte von Rechenberg, Endre Laczko, Junmin Hu, Karl Wieser, Dominik C Meyer, Christian Gerber
Reversal of fatty infiltration of pennate rotator cuff muscle after tendon release is hitherto impossible. The administration of nandrolone starting at the time of tendon release prevents the increase in fat content, but does not revert established fatty infiltration. We hypothesised that tendon release and myotendinous retraction cause alterations in lipid related gene expression leading to fatty muscle infiltration, which can be suppressed by nandrolone through its genomic actions if applied immediately after tendon release...
January 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27448217/evaluation-of-nandrolone-and-ractopamine-in-the-urine-of-veal-calves-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-approach
#14
L Chiesa, S Panseri, F T Cannizzo, B Biolatti, S Divari, R Benevelli, F Arioli, R Pavlovic
Under European legislation, the use of growth promoters is forbidden in food-producing livestock. The application of unofficial protocols with diverse combinations of veterinary drugs, administered in very low concentrations, hinders reliable detection and subsequent operative prevention. It was observed that nandrolone (anabolic steroid) and ractopamine (β-adrenergic agonist) are occasionally administered to animals, but little is known about their synergic action when they are administered together. Two specific analytical methods based on liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry have been developed, both of which include hydrolysis of the corresponding conjugates...
July 22, 2016: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27367148/highly-sensitive-avidin-biotin-elisa-for-detection-of-nandrolone-and-testosterone-in-dietary-supplements
#15
Michal Jurášek, Sandra Göselová, Petra Mikšátková, Barbora Holubová, Eva Vyšatová, Martin Kuchař, Ladislav Fukal, Oldřich Lapčík, Pavel Drašar
Avidin-biotin technology was used for the implementation of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (AB-ELISA) as a sensitive method for the detection of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) present in dietary supplements. Using click chemistry, novel haptens (linker-optimized biotinylated nandrolone (NT) and testosterone (T) at positions C-3 and C-17, respectively) were designed and synthesized to be then applied as four different immobilized competitors in a proposed set of four indirect competitive AB-ELISAs...
July 1, 2016: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27346656/nephrotoxicity-in-rabbits-after-long-term-nandrolone-decanoate-administration
#16
Christina Tsitsimpikou, Fotini Vasilaki, Konstantinos Tsarouhas, Persefoni Fragkiadaki, Maria Tzardi, Nikolaos Goutzourelas, Charitini Nepka, Alexandra Kalogeraki, Ioannis Heretis, Zoi Epitropaki, Dimitrios Kouretas, Aristidis M Tsatsakis
Among the various side effects of supra-physiological dose of anabolic androgenic steroids that are described, renal toxicity remains the least evaluated. The present study provides evidence that long-term administration of nandrolone decanoate could lead to alterations of renal function and structure in the experimental rabbit model. A pronounced increase in serum urea, creatinine, SGOT and SGPT is observed in the treated animals, with intramuscular administration being more detrimental. Histopathological evaluation of kidneys indicated hyperaemia, fibrosis and focal inflammation...
September 30, 2016: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27322017/acute-effects-of-nandrolone-decanoate-on-cardiodynamic-parameters-in-isolated-rat-heart
#17
Tamara R Nikolic, Vladimir I Zivkovic, Ivan M Srejovic, Dragan S Radovanovic, Nevena S Jeremic, Maja D Jevdjevic, Dragan M Djuric, Vladimir Lj Jakovljevic
Despite worldwide use of anabolic steroids in last decades, there is still contradictory information about their acute influence on myocardium. The aim of this study was to examine the acute effects of nandrolone decanoate (ND) on cardiodynamics and coronary flow in isolated rat heart. The hearts of male Wistar albino rats (n = 48, 12 per group, age 8 weeks, body mass 180-200 g) were excised and perfused according to the Langendorff technique at gradually increased coronary perfusion pressures (40-120 cmH2O)...
March 21, 2016: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27289274/chronic-administration-of-nandrolone-increases-susceptibility-to-morphine-dependence-without-correlation-with-lvv-hemorphin-7-in-rats
#18
Eagle Yi-Kung Huang, Yuan-Hao Chen, Tzu-Ying Huang, Ying-Jie Chen, Lok-Hi Chow
LVV-hemorphin 7 (LVVYPWTQRF; LVV-H7), an N-terminal fragment of the β-chain of hemoglobin cleaved by cathepsin D/pepsin, is an atypical endogenous opioid peptide that is found in high concentration in blood. LVV-H7 acts as a μ-opioid agonist and an inhibitor of insulin-regulated aminopeptidase. Subchronic administration of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) has been clinically proven to induce the synthesis of erythrocytes and increase hemoglobin concentrations. Patients with a history of AAS abuse are more susceptible to opioid abuse...
October 2016: Neuropeptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27254659/impact-of-chronic-administration-of-anabolic-androgenic-steroids-and-taurine-on-blood-pressure-in-rats
#19
A E Roşca, I Stoian, C Badiu, L Gaman, B O Popescu, L Iosif, R Mirica, I C Tivig, C S Stancu, C Căruntu, S E Voiculescu, L Zăgrean
Supraphysiological administration of anabolic androgenic steroids has been linked to increased blood pressure. The widely distributed amino acid taurine seems to be an effective depressor agent in drug-induced hypertension. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of chronic high dose administration of nandrolone decanoate (DECA) and taurine on blood pressure in rats and to verify the potentially involved mechanisms. The study was conducted in 4 groups of 8 adult male Wistar rats, aged 14 weeks, treated for 12 weeks with: DECA (A group); vehicle (C group); taurine (T group), or with both drugs (AT group)...
2016: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27145483/targeted-analysis-and-determination-of-%C3%AE-agonists-hormones-glucocorticoid-and-psychiatric-drugs-in-feed-by-liquid-chromatography-with-electrospray-ionization-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#20
Yufei Zhu, Shuyu Xie, Dongmei Chen, Yuanhu Pan, Wei Qu, Xu Wang, Zhenli Liu, Dapeng Peng, Lingli Huang, Yanfei Tao, Zonghui Yuan
A comprehensive strategy combining a quantitative method was developed for 30 banned drugs including β-agonists, hormones, glucocorticoid and psychiatric drugs in swine and chicken feeds. This rapid, simple and effective extraction method was based on matrix solid-phase dispersion and electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. The quantitative method was validated after previous statistical optimization of the main parameters of matrix solid-phase dispersion. The limit of quantification of dopamine hydrochloride, chlormadinone acetate, melengestrol acetate, testosterone propionate, nandrolone and midazolam was 2 μg/kg and that of the other 24 drugs was 1 μg/kg...
July 2016: Journal of Separation Science
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