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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922476/perceptions-of-an-adapted-mindfulness-program-for-persons-experiencing-substance-use-disorders-and-traumatic-brain-injury
#1
Gisli K Kristofersson, Tom Beckers, Rick Krueger
BACKGROUND: Of the 1.4 million Americans who sustain traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) each year up to half experience substance use disorders (SUDs). This often leads to various issues such as increased rates of mental health problems and delay or lack of return to full employment. AIMS: The purpose of this program evaluation was to describe Vinland National Center's (Vinland's) client and staff perceptions of a 4-week mindfulness-based intervention adapted from the original mindfulness-based stress reduction program for persons experiencing SUDs and TBIs...
October 2016: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909988/predicting-the-abuse-liability-of-entactogen-class-new-and-emerging-psychoactive-substances-via-preclinical-models-of-drug-self-administration
#2
Shawn M Aarde, Michael A Taffe
Animal models of drug self-administration are currently the gold standard for making predictions regarding the relative likelihood that a recreational drug substance will lead to continued use and addiction. Such models have been found to have high predictive accuracy and discriminative validity for a number of drug classes including ethanol, nicotine, opioids, and psychostimulants such as cocaine and methamphetamine. Members of the entactogen class of psychostimulants (drugs that produce an "open mind state" including feelings of interpersonal closeness, intimacy and empathy) have been less frequently studied in self-administration models...
December 2, 2016: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858228/prenatal-diagnosis-of-abnormal-umbilical-cord-insertion-a-rare-case-of-furcate-insertion
#3
Yasuyuki Fujita, Yasuo Yumoto, Kiyoko Kato
Furcate insertion (FI) is an extremely rare abnormality of umbilical cord insertion. One of the complications associated with FI is hemorrhage from the umbilical vein at the site of FI of the umbilical cord, which can cause sudden intrauterine fetal death. Because of its rarity, no prenatal diagnosis of FI has been reported. A 31-year-old woman at 34 weeks' gestation was referred to us for suspected abnormal cord insertion. Ultrasonography showed normal fetal growth and amniotic fluid volume, with no fetal anomalies...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853437/the-use-of-virtual-reality-to-facilitate-mindfulness-skills-training-in-dialectical-behavioral-therapy-for-borderline-personality-disorder-a-case-study
#4
Maria V Nararro-Haro, Hunter G Hoffman, Azucena Garcia-Palacios, Mariana Sampaio, Wadee Alhalabi, Karyn Hall, Marsha Linehan
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a severe mental disorder characterized by a dysfunctional pattern of affective instability, impulsivity, and disturbed interpersonal relationships. Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT®) is the most effective treatment for Borderline Personality Disorder, but demand for DBT® far exceeds existing clinical resources. Most patients with BPD never receive DBT®. Incorporating computer technology into the DBT® could help increase dissemination. Immersive Virtual Reality technology (VR) is becoming widely available to mainstream consumers...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837572/clinical-and-cognitive-factors-affecting-psychosocial-functioning-in-remitted-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#5
G Konstantakopoulos, N Ioannidi, M Typaldou, D Sakkas, P Oulis
Impaired interpersonal, social, and occupational functioning is very often observed in patients with bipolar disorder, not only at the acute stages of the illness but in remission as well. This finding raises the question of multiple factors that might affect psychosocial functioning in bipolar patients, such as residual subsyndromal symptoms and neuropsychological deficits. Social cognition impairment, especially impaired Theory of Mind (ToM), might also play an important role in bipolar patients' every-day functioning, similarly to what was found in patients with schizophrenia...
July 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821069/ill-and-substance-abusing-parents-how-can-the-general-practitioner-help-their-children-a-qualitative-study
#6
Frøydis Gullbrå, Tone Smith-Sivertsen, Guri Rortveit, Norman Anderssen, Marit Hafting
BACKGROUND: Severe illness among parents may interfere with their parenting. Children having ill or substance-abusing parents are at risk of own health problems and psychosocial difficulties. The health care system should identify families in need of help and provide the help needed. For ill parents, it can be difficult to seek help and advices for their parenting. The aim of this study was to identify important factors for the general practitioner (GP) to bear in mind during encounters with ill and substance-abusing parents, to enable the GP to provide appropriate support for the children...
November 8, 2016: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761983/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-the-habit-group-programme-for-comorbid-bipolar-and-alcohol-and-substance-use-disorders
#7
Isabelle Biseul, Romain Icick, Perrine Seguin, Frank Bellivier, Jan Scott
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the feasibility and acceptability of an integrated group therapy (called HABIT) for comorbid bipolar disorder (BD) and alcohol and substance use disorders (ASUD) (BD-ASUD), a disabling clinical presentation for which no specific treatment has been validated. The 14-session HABIT programme employs psychoeducation-oriented cognitive-behaviour therapy (CBT) followed by mindfulness-based relapse prevention (MBRP) therapy. METHOD: Potential group participants were recruited from adult clients with a DSM-IV diagnosis of BD and an ASUD who were referred by their treating clinician...
October 20, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749965/metacognitive-abilities-in-adults-with-substance-abuse-treated-in-therapeutic-community
#8
Felix Inchausti, Javier Ortuño-Sierra, Nancy V García-Poveda, Alejandro Ballesteros-Prados
BACKGROUND: The term metacognition reflects a spectrum of psychological activities that allows people to form and integrate representations about their own mental states and those of others. The main goal of this study was to examine whether people with substance abuse disorders (SUDs), and treated in therapeutic community regime, displayed specific patterns of metacognitive deficits on Self-reflectivity, Understanding others’ mind, Decentration, and Mastery, comparing their scores with two clinical groups of patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSDs) and anxiety disorders...
September 29, 2016: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716946/new-opportunities-and-challenges-in-the-assessment-of-drugs-for-atopic-diseases
#9
REVIEW
T Bieber, S Vieths, K Broich
Atopic conditions (atopic dermatitis, rhinitis, and asthma) belong to the most common noncommunicable diseases and are driven by chronic inflammatory reactions. They have a strong impact on the quality of life and represent a substantial and growing socio-economic burden. Interestingly, there is an increasing interest in the development of new therapeutic options with a number of biologics and small molecules targeting potential key mechanisms in atopic conditions. However, besides the safety issue, most of the new active substances are still evaluated according to the traditional efficacy paradigm focusing on the success in treating exacerbations and flares...
December 2016: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684478/single-plant-derived-nanotechnology-for-synergistic-antibacterial-therapies
#10
Jhansi R Kalluri, Roberto Gonzalez-Rodriguez, Phil S Hartman, Armando Loni, Leigh T Canham, Jeffery L Coffer
Multiple new approaches to tackle multidrug resistant infections are urgently needed and under evaluation. One nanotechnology-based approach to delivering new relevant therapeutics involves silicon accumulator plants serving as a viable silicon source in green routes for the fabrication of the nanoscale drug delivery carrier porous silicon (pSi). If the selected plant leaf components contain medicinally-active species as well, then a single substance can provide not only the nanoscale high surface area drug delivery carrier, but the drug itself...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664564/the-role-of-mindfulness-as-approach-based-coping-in-the-ptsd-substance-abuse-cycle
#11
Sarah Bowen, Danielle De Boer, Aaron L Bergman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650399/the-effects-of-cigarette-smoking-behavior-and-psychosis-history-on-general-and-social-cognition-in-bipolar-disorder
#12
Luz H Ospina, Manuela Russo, George M Nitzburg, Armando Cuesta-Diaz, Megan Shanahan, Mercedes M Perez-Rodriguez, Meaghan Mcgrath, Hannah Levine, Sandra Mulaimovic, Katherine E Burdick
OBJECTIVES: Several studies have documented the prevalence and effects of cigarette smoking on cognition in psychotic disorders; fewer have focused on bipolar disorder (BD). Cognitive and social dysfunction are common in BD, and the severity of these deficits may be related both to illness features (e.g., current symptoms, psychosis history) and health-related behaviors (e.g., smoking, alcohol use). The current study assessed the influence of cigarette smoking on general and social cognition in a BD cohort, accounting for illness features with a focus on psychosis history...
September 21, 2016: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617349/theory-of-mind-in-substance-users-a-systematic-minireview
#13
Breno Sanvicente-Vieira, Aline Romani-Sponchiado, Bruno Kluwe-Schiavon, Elisa Brietzke, Renata Brasil Araujo, Rodrigo Grassi-Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Theory of mind concerns the sociocognitive ability to infer others' thoughts. It has been theorized to be impaired in substance use and abuse, as its alterations might explain negative social and interpersonal outcomes noted in the course of disorders. In addition, the brain structures involved in Theory of Mind (ToM) have been found to be disrupted in drug use conditions. OBJECTIVE: We undertook a systematic review of ToM functioning in drug use conditions...
September 12, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612339/the-emerging-role-of-mindfulness-meditation-as-effective-self-management-strategy-part-2-clinical-implications-for-chronic-pain-substance-misuse-and-insomnia
#14
Marina A Khusid, Meena Vythilingam
Mindfulness-based interventions have been increasingly utilized in the management of chronic pain since 1982. This second review of a two-part series evaluates the efficacy, mechanism, and safety of mindfulness meditation for chronic pain, substance use disorder, tobacco use disorder, and insomnia frequently co-occurring after return from deployment. Standard databases were searched until August 4, 2015. 72 relevant systematic reviews and clinical trials met the inclusion criteria. The Strength of Recommendation Taxonomy was used to assess the quality of individual studies and to rate the strength of recommendation (SOR) for each clinical condition...
September 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606903/substance-treatment-professionals-perceived-barriers-to-incorporating-mindfulness-into-treatment
#15
Emily Rachel Edwards, Mia Gintoft Cohen, Peggilee Wupperman
BACKGROUND: Despite scientific favor, psychological interventions supported by research are often underutilized by practitioners due to perceived obstacles in implementation. Increased transparency between researchers and practitioners throughout treatment development and dissemination is therefore necessary. The rising popularity of mindfulness-based approaches in the treatment of substance-use disorders suggests such transparency is necessary in further developing, disseminating, and implementing such approaches within the context of substance treatment...
December 5, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570568/the-relationship-between-mindfulness-and-compulsive-sexual-behavior-in-a-sample-of-men-in-treatment-for-substance-use-disorders
#16
Ryan C Shorey, Joanna Elmquist, Michael J Gawrysiak, Scott Anderson, Gregory L Stuart
Substance use disorders (SUDs) are a serious worldwide problem. Despite years of research on the treatment of SUDs, relapse remains high. One factor that may complicate SUDs treatment for some patients is compulsive sexual behavior. Factors that are related to both SUDs and compulsive sexual behavior could be targeted in SUDs treatment. In the current study, we examined dispositional mindfulness, a protective factor for a range of mental health problems, and its relationship to compulsive sexual behavior in a SUDs treatment sample...
August 2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555832/exploring-the-link-among-state-of-mind-concerning-childhood-attachment-attachment-in-close-relationships-parental-bonding-and-psychopathological-symptoms-in-substance-users
#17
Alessandro Musetti, Grazia Terrone, Paola Corsano, Barbara Magnani, Sergio Salvatore
BACKGROUND: In the present study, we have explored the link among styles of attachment and psychopathology in drug users. We know that insecure attachment predisposes the individuals the development of drug-addiction and psychopathological symptoms. However, we do not know which attachment is more frequent in drug users and which is related to particular psychopathological symptoms. The aim of the present work is to explore the relationship between childhood attachment state of mind, attachment in close relationships, parental bonding and psychopathology in sample of Italian substance users...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507820/substance-abuse-and-addiction-among-ex-service-personnel-forces-in-mind-trust-issues-call-for-research-proposals
#18
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494547/cognitive-behavioral-therapies-for-depression-and-substance-use-disorders-an-overview-of-traditional-third-wave-and-transdiagnostic-approaches
#19
Anka A Vujanovic, Thomas D Meyer, Angela M Heads, Angela L Stotts, Yolanda R Villarreal, Joy M Schmitz
BACKGROUND: The co-occurrence of depression and substance use disorders (SUD) is highly prevalent and associated with poor treatment outcomes for both disorders. As compared to individuals suffering from either disorder alone, individuals with both conditions are likely to endure a more severe and chronic clinical course with worse treatment outcomes. Thus, current practice guidelines recommend treating these co-occurring disorders simultaneously. OBJECTIVES: The overarching aims of this narrative are two-fold: (1) to provide an updated review of the current empirical status of integrated psychotherapy approaches for SUD and depression comorbidity, based on models of traditional cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and newer third-wave CBT approaches, including acceptance- and mindfulness-based interventions and behavioral activation (BA); and (2) to propose a novel theoretical framework for transdiagnostic CBT for SUD-depression, based upon empirically grounded psychological mechanisms underlying this highly prevalent comorbidity...
August 5, 2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487778/identification-and-characterization-of-novel-anticoagulant-peptide-with-thrombolytic-effect-and-nutrient-oligopeptides-with-high-branched-chain-amino-acid-from-whitmania-pigra-protein
#20
Yao Ren, Yijing Yang, Wenjia Wu, Mengmeng Zhang, Hui Wu, Xiaofeng Li
Natural and nutrient substances for cardiovascular disease are promising and capture researchers' minds. Two kinds of novel bioactive peptides (high Fischer's ratio oligopeptides and anticoagulant peptides) were obtained from Whitmania pigra protein via enzymatic hydrolysis. An oligopeptide (MW<874.0 Da) named as HF2 was obtained via chromatography purification procedures with a high Fischer's ratio of 31.92 ± 1.36 and low phenylalanine + tyrosine content of 0.98 ± 0.04 %. Another peptide (WA3-1), prepared by alcalase AF 2...
November 2016: Amino Acids
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