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mindful substance

Isabelle Biseul, Romain Icick, Perrine Seguin, Frank Bellivier, Jan Scott
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the feasibility and acceptability of an integrated group therapy (called HABIT) for comorbid bipolar disorder (BD) and alcohol and substance use disorders (ASUD) (BD-ASUD), a disabling clinical presentation for which no specific treatment has been validated. The 14-session HABIT programme employs psychoeducation-oriented cognitive-behaviour therapy (CBT) followed by mindfulness-based relapse prevention (MBRP) therapy. METHOD: Potential group participants were recruited from adult clients with a DSM-IV diagnosis of BD and an ASUD who were referred by their treating clinician...
October 20, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Felix Inchausti, Javier Ortuño-Sierra, Nancy V García-Poveda, Alejandro Ballesteros-Prados
BACKGROUND: The term metacognition reflects a spectrum of psychological activities that allows people to form and integrate representations about their own mental states and those of others. The main goal of this study was to examine whether people with substance abuse disorders (SUDs), and treated in therapeutic community regime, displayed specific patterns of metacognitive deficits on Self-reflectivity, Understanding others’ mind, Decentration, and Mastery, comparing their scores with two clinical groups of patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSDs) and anxiety disorders...
September 29, 2016: Adicciones
Thomas Bieber, Stefan Vieths, Karl Broich
Atopic conditions (atopic dermatitis, rhinitis and asthma) belong to the most common non communicable diseases and are driven by chronic inflammatory reactions. They have a strong impact on the quality of life and represent a substantial and growing socio-economic burden. Interestingly, there is an increasing interest in the development of new therapeutic options with a number of biologics and small molecules targeting potential key mechanisms in atopic conditions. However, besides the safety issue, most of the new active substances are still evaluated according to the traditional efficacy paradigm focusing on the success in treating exacerbations and flares...
October 7, 2016: Allergy
Jhansi R Kalluri, Roberto Gonzalez-Rodriguez, Phil S Hartman, Armando Loni, Leigh T Canham, Jeffery L Coffer
Multiple new approaches to tackle multidrug resistant infections are urgently needed and under evaluation. One nanotechnology-based approach to delivering new relevant therapeutics involves silicon accumulator plants serving as a viable silicon source in green routes for the fabrication of the nanoscale drug delivery carrier porous silicon (pSi). If the selected plant leaf components contain medicinally-active species as well, then a single substance can provide not only the nanoscale high surface area drug delivery carrier, but the drug itself...
2016: PloS One
Sarah Bowen, Danielle De Boer, Aaron L Bergman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
Luz H Ospina, Manuela Russo, George M Nitzburg, Armando Cuesta-Diaz, Megan Shanahan, Mercedes M Perez-Rodriguez, Meaghan Mcgrath, Hannah Levine, Sandra Mulaimovic, Katherine E Burdick
OBJECTIVES: Several studies have documented the prevalence and effects of cigarette smoking on cognition in psychotic disorders; fewer have focused on bipolar disorder (BD). Cognitive and social dysfunction are common in BD, and the severity of these deficits may be related both to illness features (e.g., current symptoms, psychosis history) and health-related behaviors (e.g., smoking, alcohol use). The current study assessed the influence of cigarette smoking on general and social cognition in a BD cohort, accounting for illness features with a focus on psychosis history...
September 21, 2016: Bipolar Disorders
Breno Sanvicente-Vieira, Aline Romani-Sponchiado, Bruno Kluwe-Schiavon, Elisa Brietzke, Renata Brasil Araujo, Rodrigo Grassi-Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Theory of mind concerns the sociocognitive ability to infer others' thoughts. It has been theorized to be impaired in substance use and abuse, as its alterations might explain negative social and interpersonal outcomes noted in the course of disorders. In addition, the brain structures involved in Theory of Mind (ToM) have been found to be disrupted in drug use conditions. OBJECTIVE: We undertook a systematic review of ToM functioning in drug use conditions...
September 12, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
Marina A Khusid, Meena Vythilingam
Mindfulness-based interventions have been increasingly utilized in the management of chronic pain since 1982. This second review of a two-part series evaluates the efficacy, mechanism, and safety of mindfulness meditation for chronic pain, substance use disorder, tobacco use disorder, and insomnia frequently co-occurring after return from deployment. Standard databases were searched until August 4, 2015. 72 relevant systematic reviews and clinical trials met the inclusion criteria. The Strength of Recommendation Taxonomy was used to assess the quality of individual studies and to rate the strength of recommendation (SOR) for each clinical condition...
September 2016: Military Medicine
Emily Rachel Edwards, Mia Gintoft Cohen, Peggilee Wupperman
BACKGROUND: Despite scientific favor, psychological interventions supported by research are often underutilized by practitioners due to perceived obstacles in implementation. Increased transparency between researchers and practitioners throughout treatment development and dissemination is therefore necessary. The rising popularity of mindfulness-based approaches in the treatment of substance-use disorders suggests such transparency is necessary in further developing, disseminating, and implementing such approaches within the context of substance treatment...
December 5, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
Ryan C Shorey, Joanna Elmquist, Michael J Gawrysiak, Scott Anderson, Gregory L Stuart
Substance use disorders (SUDs) are a serious worldwide problem. Despite years of research on the treatment of SUDs, relapse remains high. One factor that may complicate SUDs treatment for some patients is compulsive sexual behavior. Factors that are related to both SUDs and compulsive sexual behavior could be targeted in SUDs treatment. In the current study, we examined dispositional mindfulness, a protective factor for a range of mental health problems, and its relationship to compulsive sexual behavior in a SUDs treatment sample...
August 2016: Mindfulness
Alessandro Musetti, Grazia Terrone, Paola Corsano, Barbara Magnani, Sergio Salvatore
BACKGROUND: In the present study, we have explored the link among styles of attachment and psychopathology in drug users. We know that insecure attachment predisposes the individuals the development of drug-addiction and psychopathological symptoms. However, we do not know which attachment is more frequent in drug users and which is related to particular psychopathological symptoms. The aim of the present work is to explore the relationship between childhood attachment state of mind, attachment in close relationships, parental bonding and psychopathology in sample of Italian substance users...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
Anka A Vujanovic, Thomas D Meyer, Angela M Heads, Angela L Stotts, Yolanda R Villarreal, Joy M Schmitz
BACKGROUND: The co-occurrence of depression and substance use disorders (SUD) is highly prevalent and associated with poor treatment outcomes for both disorders. As compared to individuals suffering from either disorder alone, individuals with both conditions are likely to endure a more severe and chronic clinical course with worse treatment outcomes. Thus, current practice guidelines recommend treating these co-occurring disorders simultaneously. OBJECTIVES: The overarching aims of this narrative are two-fold: (1) to provide an updated review of the current empirical status of integrated psychotherapy approaches for SUD and depression comorbidity, based on models of traditional cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and newer third-wave CBT approaches, including acceptance- and mindfulness-based interventions and behavioral activation (BA); and (2) to propose a novel theoretical framework for transdiagnostic CBT for SUD-depression, based upon empirically grounded psychological mechanisms underlying this highly prevalent comorbidity...
August 5, 2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Yao Ren, Yijing Yang, Wenjia Wu, Mengmeng Zhang, Hui Wu, Xiaofeng Li
Natural and nutrient substances for cardiovascular disease are promising and capture researchers' minds. Two kinds of novel bioactive peptides (high Fischer's ratio oligopeptides and anticoagulant peptides) were obtained from Whitmania pigra protein via enzymatic hydrolysis. An oligopeptide (MW<874.0 Da) named as HF2 was obtained via chromatography purification procedures with a high Fischer's ratio of 31.92 ± 1.36 and low phenylalanine + tyrosine content of 0.98 ± 0.04 %. Another peptide (WA3-1), prepared by alcalase AF 2...
November 2016: Amino Acids
K P C Kuypers, J Riba, M de la Fuente Revenga, S Barker, E L Theunissen, J G Ramaekers
INTRODUCTION: Ayahuasca is a South American psychotropic plant tea traditionally used in Amazonian shamanism. The tea contains the psychedelic 5-HT2A receptor agonist N,N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT), plus β-carboline alkaloids with monoamine oxidase-inhibiting properties. Increasing evidence from anecdotal reports and open-label studies indicates that ayahuasca may have therapeutic effects in treatment of substance use disorders and depression. A recent study on the psychological effects of ayahuasca found that the tea reduces judgmental processing and inner reactivity, classic goals of mindfulness psychotherapy...
September 2016: Psychopharmacology
Valerio Chiurchiù, Mauro Maccarrone
Lipids are not only constituents of cellular membranes but also key signaling mediators, thus acting as 'bioactive lipids'. Among the prominent roles exerted by bioactive lipids are immune regulation, inflammation and maintenance of homeostasis. Accumulated evidence indicates the existence of a bidirectional relationship between immune and nervous systems, whereby inflammatory mediators can directly modulate emotions that, in turn, can strongly influence immune responses, thus affecting health. This review summarizes current knowledge on the ability of several families of bioactive lipids to regulate immunity and inflammation (through pro-inflammatory or anti-inflammatory effects), as well as to control emotions and mood-related manifestations, advocating these substances as an attractive interface between 'mind' and 'body', and as a potential target to treat inflammatory/immune-mediated mood disorders...
August 2016: Current Opinion in Pharmacology
Andrzej Nowak, Elżbieta Czkwianianc
Recently, a lot of factors and mechanisms regulating body mass have been discovered, although there are still many unknowns. Their effect on the development of many diseases related to nutritional disorders (obesity, anorexia, celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease) means that the understanding of these mechanisms will make it possible to determine new therapeutic goals and create new medicinal products. This is even more important because nowadays there is no effective medication to cure nutritional disorders...
2016: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
Adrian J Bravo, Matthew R Pearson, Leah E Stevens, James M Henson
OBJECTIVE: In college student samples, the association between depressive symptoms and alcohol-related problems has been found to be mediated by drinking-to-cope motives. Mindfulness-based interventions suggest that mindfulness may attenuate the conditioned response of using substances in response to negative emotional states, and trait mindfulness has been shown to be a protective factor associated with experiencing fewer alcohol-related problems. In the present study, we examined trait mindfulness as a moderator of the indirect associations of depressive symptoms on alcohol-related problems via drinking-to-cope motives...
July 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Taryn M Park, William F Haning
Compared with other illicit substances, stimulants are not commonly used by adolescents; however, they represent a serious concern regarding substance use among youths. This article uses methamphetamine as a model for stimulant use in adolescents; cocaine and prescription stimulants are also mentioned. Methamphetamine use among adolescents and young adults is a serious health concern with potentially long-term physical, cognitive, and psychiatric consequences. Brain development and the effects of misusing stimulants align such that usage in adolescents can more dangerous than during adulthood...
July 2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
Mary Ann Pentz, Nathaniel R Riggs, Christopher M Warren
BACKGROUND: Executive function (EF) includes emotional regulation, planning and decision-making, and behavioral impulse control. Improving youth substance use (SU) prevention by targeting EF poses challenges including determining whether specific sub-domains of EF are more associated with SU than others, whether EF is related to some types of SU more than others, and whether EF programs might be enhanced by inclusion of mindfulness training. METHODS: Data were drawn from two studies from the Pathways to Health project: a randomized controlled trial of 4th-6th graders and a cross-sectional pilot study of the relationship of EF to specific types of SU in a sample of 7th graders...
June 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
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