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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118989/patients-with-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-associated-with-high-stimulated-serum-calcitonin-levels
#1
Kursad Unluhizarci, Hulya Akgun, Bahadır Oz, Zuleyha Karaca, Fatih Tanriverdi, Fahrettin Kelestimur
Among various substances produced by C-cells, the most important one is calcitonin (CT) that is used for detection, post-operative follow-up and evaluation of individuals at risk of developing medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). However, the role of serum CT measurement in the evaluation of thyroid nodules has been widely discussed, and there is still no consensus about the role of CT in the initial evaluation of all thyroid nodules. Two patients with thyroid nodules whose fine-needle aspiration results were compatible with benign cytology besides having mildly elevated basal serum calcitonin levels were reported...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098679/psychotherapy
#2
Ri-Hui He, Ran Tao
This chapter focuses on psychotherapy of substance and non-substance addiction (see Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in Chap. 16 ) and introduces the latest advances, mainly in the mindfulness-based relapse prevention, PITDH, and points out that complete elimination of psychological addiction is hopefully to become the target and core of the psychotherapy of addiction disorder. This chapter also introduces methods and progress of various types of substance and non-substance addiction.
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083220/baseline-patterns-of-substance-use-disorder-severity-and-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-moderate-the-efficacy-of-mindfulness-based-relapse-prevention
#3
Corey R Roos, Sarah Bowen, Katie Witkiewitz
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have evaluated moderators of mindfulness-based relapse prevention (MBRP) for substance use disorders (SUDs). We tested whether baseline patterns of scores for SUD symptom severity and depression and anxiety symptoms moderated the efficacy of MBRP. METHOD: We used a latent class moderation approach with data from a randomized trial of MBRP compared to cognitive-behavioral relapse prevention and treatment as usual (TAU; Bowen et al., 2014; N = 286, 71...
November 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058116/longitudinal-associations-of-social-cognition-and-substance-use-in-childhood-and-early-adolescence-findings-from-the-avon-longitudinal-study-of-parents-and-children
#4
Meg E Fluharty, Jon Heron, Marcus R Munafò
Substance use is associated with impaired social cognition. Experimental studies have shown that acute intoxication of alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis decreases the performance in non-verbal, social communication and theory of mind tasks. However, in epidemiological studies the temporal direction of this association has gone relatively unstudied. We investigated both directions of association within an adolescent birth cohort: the association of social cognition with subsequent substance use, and the association of early substance use with subsequent social cognition...
October 20, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028562/common-and-differential-factors-associated-with-abstinence-and-poly-drug-use-among-australian-adolescents
#5
Simone Pettigrew, Michelle Jongenelis, David Lawrence, Wavne Rikkers
BACKGROUND: Social norms relating to youth substance use are changing. In Australia, alcohol use among adolescents has fallen dramatically and tobacco and cannabis use have also reduced, albeit more moderately. The aim of the present study was to identify (i) factors associated with compliance with recommendations for zero intake of alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis and (ii) factors associated with poly drug use (intake of all three substances). METHODS: As part of the Young Minds Matter Study, a self-report survey was administered to 1661 Australian adolescents aged 15-17 years...
October 10, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023807/application-of-rape-pod-sealants-to-reduce-adverse-environmental-impacts
#6
Laimis Bauša, Dainius Steponavičius, Eglė Jotautienė, Aurelija Kemzūraitė, Ernestas Zaleckas
BACKGROUND: Rape (Brassica napus L.) is a major global oilseed crop characterized by its high potential as an alimentary oil and in biodiesel production. The two most popular pod sealants (PS) used to reduce rape pod shattering are products in the pinolene range (di-1-p-menthene) and latex polymer products. Reports on the effective preservation of seed yield by these products are fairly contradictory. With this in mind, an experimental PS (PS4) that contained the active agents acrylic and trisiloxane was developed...
October 11, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017960/upper-respiratory-tract-nociceptor-stimulation-and-stress-response-following-acute-and-repeated-cyfluthrin-inhalation-in-normal-and-pregnant-rats-physiological-rat-specific-adaptions-can-easily-be-misunderstood-as-adversities
#7
Juergen Pauluhn
This paper reviews the results from past regulatory and mechanistic inhalation studies in rats with the type II pyrethroid Cyfluthrin. Apart from many chemical irritants, Cyfluthrin was shown to be a neuroexcitatory agent without any inherent tissue-destructive or irritant property. Thus, any Cyfluthrin-induced neuroexcitatory afferent sensory stimulus from peripheral nociceptors in the upper respiratory tract is likely to be perceived as a transient stimulus triggering annoyance and/or avoidance by both rats and humans...
October 7, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990206/child-maltreatment-and-eating-disorders-among-men-and-women-in-adulthood-results-from-a-nationally-representative-united-states-sample
#8
Tracie O Afifi, Jitender Sareen, Janique Fortier, Tamara Taillieu, Sarah Turner, Kristene Cheung, Christine A Henriksen
OBJECTIVE: Child maltreatment is associated with an increased likelihood of having mood disorders, anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, substance use disorders, and personality disorders, but far less is known about eating disorders. The objective of the current study was to examine the associations between child maltreatment, including harsh physical punishment, physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, emotional neglect, physical neglect, and exposure to intimate partner violence, and eating disorders in adulthood among men and women...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981244/-specificity-of-communication-in-general-practice
#9
P Thomas, J M Thomas
Beyond its scientific and ethical competencies, a good doctor is characterized by his communication skills. The ability to listen is fundamental. During an interview, the physician must keep in mind a bio-psycho-social approach while being able to hear the unspeakable and inaudible. Knowledge of patients and their relatives, which seems to be a specific knowledge for general practitioners, offers a lot of information. Among the main sensitive topics that the clinician must identify are: intrafamily violence, domestic violence, substance abuse and anxiety-depressive disorders...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966902/mental-health-in-allergic-rhinitis-depression-and-suicidal-behavior
#10
Ameya U Amritwar, Christopher A Lowry, Lisa A Brenner, Andrew J Hoisington, Robert Hamilton, John W Stiller, Teodor T Postolache
A high proportion of suicides visit their medical provider in the month prior to death, but depression, suicidal thoughts, and substance use are seldom addressed. For the clinicians routinely treating a substantial patient population with allergic diseases, there are additional concerns, as allergy has been linked with both depression and suicidal behavior. While psychotropic medications may affect diagnosis of allergies, medications used to treat allergies impact mood and behavior. Thus, we present an overview of the overlap of allergic rhinitis with depression and suicidal behavior in adults, based on clinical and epidemiological data, and our research and clinical experience...
March 2017: Current Treatment Options in Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964403/corrigendum-to-mindfulness-oriented-recovery-enhancement-versus-cbt-for-co-occurring-substance-dependence-traumatic-stress-and-psychiatric-disorders-proximal-outcomes-from-a-pragmatic-randomized-trial-behav-res-ther-77-2016-7-16
#11
Eric L Garland, Amelia Roberts-Lewis, Christine D Tronnier, Rebecca Graves, Karen Kelley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922006/process-factors-explaining-psycho-social-outcomes-in-adventure-therapy
#12
Keith C Russell, Harold L Lee Gillis, Dennis M Kivlighan
The development and factor analysis of the Adventure Therapy Experience Scale (ATES) is the first attempt found in the literature to empirically and quantitatively identify therapeutic factors theorized to affect change in the adventure therapy experience (Russell & Gillis, 2017). This study utilizes the ATES to explore how its inherent factors may impact treatment outcome utilizing a routine outcome monitoring process to empirically test how these factors may contribute to treatment outcome over time. The sample of 168 males 21...
September 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918120/moment-by-moment-in-women-s-recovery-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol-to-test-the-efficacy-of-a-mindfulness-based-intervention-on-treatment-retention-and-relapse-prevention-among-women-in-residential-treatment-for-substance-use-disorder
#13
Hortensia Amaro, David S Black
Although therapeutic treatments exist for substance use disorder (SUD), about half of individuals who enter treatment leave early and relapse to substance use. Early dropout from residential treatment places individuals at risk of relapse, and women in SUD residential treatment represent a vulnerable population. Evidence gaps persist for the use of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) among racially and ethnically diverse women with SUDs, especially regarding the efficacy of MBIs adapted to prevent residential dropout and relapse...
November 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859421/evidence-and-feasibility-of-implementing-an-integrated-wellness-program-in-northeast-georgia
#14
Amber Flanigan, Trina Salm Ward
Evidence for the connection between physical and mental health is growing, as is interest in providing a holistic, mind-body approach to improving mental health and wellness. A needs assessment in northeast Georgia identified several regional health priorities, including mental health and substance abuse, access to care, and cardiovascular health. The study's purpose is threefold: to (1) review evidence for integrated mind-body wellness services, (2) explore the feasibility of implementing wellness services in a small mental health agency serving northeast Georgia, and (3) conduct a brief survey assessing interest in a wellness program...
August 1, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815876/a-treatment-development-study-of-a-cognitive-and-mindfulness-based-therapy-for-adolescents-with-co-occurring-post-traumatic-stress-and-substance-use-disorder
#15
Lisa R Fortuna, Michelle V Porche, Auralyd Padilla
OBJECTIVE: Substance use is common among adolescents with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We aimed to develop and study an integrated treatment for adolescents with co-occurring disorders. DESIGN: This is a therapy development and open pilot trial study of a manualized therapy for adolescents with post-traumatic stress, depression, and substance use that uses a combination of cognitive therapy (CT) and mindfulness. METHODS: Descriptive statistics and paired sample t-tests were calculated to assess for changes in PTSD symptoms, depression, and substance use frequency from baseline to end of treatment using standardized measures and validated by urine drug screens...
August 16, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765006/rationale-design-and-implementation-of-a-clinical-trial-of-a-mindfulness-based-relapse-prevention-protocol-for-the-treatment-of-women-with-comorbid-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-substance-use-disorder
#16
Caroline Vrana, Therese Killeen, Victoria Brant, Jana Mastrogiovanni, Nathaniel L Baker
Comorbid post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders (SUD) commonly co-occur and is associated with a more complex clinical presentation with poorer clinical outcomes when compared with either disorder alone, and untreated PTSD can predict relapse to substance abuse. A number of integrated treatment approaches addressing symptoms of both PTSD and SUD concurrently demonstrate that both disorders can safely and effectively be treated concurrently. However, attrition and SUD relapse rates remain high and there is need to further develop new treatment approaches...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760370/what-nmr-can-do-in-the-biopharmaceutical-industry
#17
REVIEW
Róbert Kiss, Ádám Fizil, Csaba Szántay
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy has a unique capability to probe the primary and higher order molecular structure and the structural dynamics of biomolecules at an atomic resolution, and this capability has been greatly fortified over the last five decades by an astonishing NMR instrumental and methodological development. Because of these factors, NMR has become a primary tool for the structure investigation of biomolecules, spawning a whole scientific subfield dedicated to the subject. This role of NMR is by now well established and broadly appreciated, especially in the context of academic research dealing with proteins that are purified and isotope-labeled in order to facilitate the necessary sophisticated multidimensional NMR measurements...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757897/a-qualitative-examination-of-yoga-for-middle-school-adolescents
#18
Bethany Butzer, Amanda Marie LoRusso, Regina Windsor, Frankye Riley, Kate Frame, Sat Bir S Khalsa, Lisa Conboy
The present study was part of a group randomized controlled trial in which 7(th) grade students were assigned to a yoga intervention or physical-education-as-usual. Sixteen students were randomly selected from the yoga condition to participate in one-on-one interviews. Qualitative analyses revealed 13 themes that were organized into two categories: Usability (student perceptions of the usefulness, learnability, and convenience of the yoga intervention) and Effect (student perceptions of the direct results of the yoga intervention)...
2017: Advances in School Mental Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746242/impact-of-mindfulness-based-parenting-on-women-in-treatment-for-opioid-use-disorder
#19
Meghan Gannon, Michael Mackenzie, Karol Kaltenbach, Diane Abatemarco
OBJECTIVES: Mothers with opioid use disorder are at high risk for maladaptive parenting. The present observational study aimed to measure the impact of a trauma-informed mindfulness-based parenting (MBP) intervention on quality of parenting behaviors of mothers primarily with opioid use disorders as well as examine associations between exposure to adverse childhood experiences and self-reported mindful parenting. METHODS: A pretest posttest design was used with repeated measures...
September 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734167/mindfulness-practice-moderates-the-relationship-between-craving-and-substance-use-in-a-clinical-sample
#20
Matthew C Enkema, Sarah Bowen
Relapse following treatment for substance use disorders is highly prevalent, and craving has been shown to be a primary predictor of relapse. Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP) is a psychosocial aftercare program integrating mindfulness and cognitive-behavioral approaches, aimed at reducing the risk and severity of relapse. Results from a recent randomized clinical trial demonstrate enhanced remission resilience for MBRP participants versus both cognitive-behavioral and treatment-as-usual controls...
October 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
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