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Pancreatitis after ERCP

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208000/two-cases-of-plug-or-stone-in-remnant-intrapancreatic-choledochal-cysts-treated-with-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#1
Eunbee Kim, Min Ho Kang, Jisun Lee, Hanlim Choi, Jae-Woon Choi, Joung-Ho Han, Seon Mee Park
Incomplete resection of choledochal cysts (CCs) that extend deep into the pancreas can lead to protein plug or stone formation, pancreatitis, and cholangiocarcinoma. We encountered two cases of choledocholithiasis in remnant intrapancreatic CCs (IPCCs), in which the patients exhibited symptoms after 3 and 21 years of cyst excision. A 21-year-old woman who had undergone excision of a CC, as a neonate, presented with epigastric pain. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) revealed stones inside the remnant pancreatic cyst, which were removed by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), and her symptoms improved...
February 16, 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207747/chronic-pancreatitis-multicentre-prospective-data-collection-and-analysis-by-the-hungarian-pancreatic-study-group
#2
Ákos Szücs, Tamás Marjai, Andrea Szentesi, Nelli Farkas, Andrea Párniczky, György Nagy, Balázs Kui, Tamás Takács, László Czakó, Zoltán Szepes, Balázs Csaba Németh, Áron Vincze, Gabriella Pár, Imre Szabó, Patrícia Sarlós, Anita Illés, Szilárd Gódi, Ferenc Izbéki, Judit Gervain, Adrienn Halász, Gyula Farkas, László Leindler, Dezső Kelemen, Róbert Papp, Richárd Szmola, Márta Varga, József Hamvas, János Novák, Barnabás Bod, Miklós Sahin-Tóth, Péter Hegyi
INTRODUCTION: Chronic pancreatitis is an inflammatory disease associated with structural and functional damage to the pancreas, causing pain, maldigestion and weight loss and thus worsening the quality of life. AIMS AND METHODS: Our aim was to find correlations from a multicentre database representing the epidemiological traits, diagnosis and treatment of the disease in Hungary. The Hungarian Pancreatic Study Group collected data prospectively from 2012 to 2014 on patients suffering from chronic pancreatitis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194668/value-of-raw-rhubarb-solution-in-the-precaution-of-post-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-pancreatitis-in-patients-with-high-risk-factors-a-predictive-random-compared-research-in-one-center
#3
Chong Wang, Qirui Li, Peng Ye, Sheng Zeng, Guo-Hua Li, You-Xiang Chen, Xiao-Jiang Zhou, Nong-Hua Lv
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Post-ERCP pancreatitis and hyperamylasemia are common complications of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), especially in high-risk patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether a raw rhubarb solution can reduce the incidence of PEP and post-ERCP hyperamylasemia. METHODS: From October 2012 to October 2013, 2100 patients received ERCP in our Endoscopic Center. Five hundred patients with high-risk factors were enrolled randomly into the raw rhubarb group (RG, 250 cases drank a raw rhubarb soak solution per 3 h until defecation after ERCP) and the control group (CG, 250 cases drank water after ERCP) in the study...
February 13, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167118/indomethacin-and-diclofenac-in-the-prevention-of-post-ercp-pancreatitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prospective-controlled-trials
#4
REVIEW
Árpád Patai, Norbert Solymosi, László Mohácsi, Árpád V Patai
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Diclofenac and indomethacin are the most studied drugs for preventing post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP). However, there are no prospective, randomized multicenter trials with sufficient number of patients for the correct evaluation of their efficacy. Our aim was to evaluate of all trials published in full text and studied efficacy of diclofenac or indomethacin prospective controlled with placebo or non-treatment for the prevention of PEP in adult patients undergoing ERCP...
February 3, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133066/-a-case-of-bismuth-iii-b-hilar-cholangiocarcinoma-resected-with-extended-left-hepatic-lobectomy-after-ercp-induced-pancreatitis
#5
Toru Mizutani, Hisashi Ikoma, Toshiyuki Kosuga, Hirotaka Konishi, Ryo Morimura, Yasutoshi Murayama, Shuhei Komatsu, Atsushi Shiozaki, Yoshiaki Kriu, Masayoshi Nakanishi, Daisuke Ichikawa, Hitoshi Fujiwara, Kazuma Okamoto, Toshiya Ochiai, Eigo Otsuji
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography(ERCP)is widely accepted as the standard therapy before surgery for hilar cholangiocarcinoma. The patient is a 68-year-old man who presented with liver dysfunction. Computed tomography (CT)revealed abnormal lesions in his liver. He was referred to our hospital for therapy. We present a rare case of expansion of left lobectomy for Bismuth III b hilar cholangiocarcinoma after grade 2 severe pancreatitis caused by ERCP. He received arterial infusion therapy and endoscopic necrosectomy 6 times and percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage(PTBD)...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127713/optimal-timing-for-a-second-ercp-after-failure-of-initial-biliary-cannulation-following-precut-sphincterotomy-an-analysis-of-experience-at-two-tertiary-centers
#6
Juan Colan-Hernandez, Alexandra Aldana, Mar Concepción, Karina Chavez, Cristina Gómez, Angela Mendez-Bocanegra, Miguel Martínez-Guillen, Oriol Sendino, Càndid Villanueva, Josep Llach, Carlos Guarner-Argente, Andrés Cárdenas, Carlos Guarner
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Precut sphincterotomy increases the success of deep biliary cannulation, but the method fails at the initial ERCP in 5-12% of cases. Although other invasive strategies are often used to access the bile duct, a second ERCP may be effective and safe. We evaluated the efficacy, safety, and factors related to a second ERCP after failed cannulation using a precut sphincterotomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed all patients that underwent an ERCP with native papilla from 2006 to 2014 at two tertiary institutions...
January 26, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077962/the-influence-of-duodenally-delivered-shakuyakukanzoto-shao-yao-gan-cao-tang-on-duodenal-peristalsis-during-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Haruka Fujinami, Shinya Kajiura, Jun Nishikawa, Takayuki Ando, Toshiro Sugiyama
BACKGROUND: Anti-cholinergic agents may be used to inhibit duodenal peristalsis, but they may have adverse effects. Shakuyakukanzoto (Shao Yao Gan Cao Tang) has an anti-spasmodic effect and has been used before for oesophagogastroduodenoscopy and colonoscopy. This randomised clinical trial aimed to evaluate the inhibitory effect of Shakuyakukanzoto on duodenal peristalsis, and its usefulness when administered into the duodenum just before endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042392/combination-of-two-hour-post-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-amylase-levels-and-cannulation-times-is-useful-for-predicting-post-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-pancreatitis
#8
Shiro Hayashi, Tsutomu Nishida, Hiromi Shimakoshi, Akiyoshi Shimoda, Takahiro Amano, Aya Sugimoto, Kei Takahashi, Kaori Mukai, Tokuhiro Matsubara, Masashi Yamamoto, Sachiko Nakajima, Koji Fukui, Masami Inada
AIM: To estimate the efficacy of 2 h post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) serum amylase levels and other factors for predicting post-ERCP pancreatitis. METHODS: This was a retrospective, single-center cohort study of consecutive patients who underwent ERCP from January 2010 to December 2013. Serum amylase levels were measured 2 h post-procedure, and patient- and procedure-related pancreatitis (PEP) risk factors were analyzed using a logistic model...
December 16, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018225/role-of-somatostatin-in-preventing-post-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-ercp-pancreatitis-an-update-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Jing Hu, Pei-Lin Li, Tao Zhang, Jin-Ping Chen, Yao-Jun Hu, Zheng Yu, Jin-Peng Wang, Dan Zhu, Xiao-Fei Tong
Background: Acute pancreatitis is the most common serious complication of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Although, somatostatin (SOM) has been used in the prevention of post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP), the efficacy of SOM remains inconsistent. Methods: Electronic databases, including PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL, The Cochrane Library), and the Science Citation Index were searched to retrieve relevant studies. Details of the study population, including patients' characteristics, sample size, regimen of drug administration and incidence of PEP, hyperamylasemia and abdominal pain were extracted by two investigators...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998426/-value-of-integrated-pancreatic-and-biliary-stents-for-prevention-of-post-ercp-pancreatitis
#10
C Zhang, Y L Yang, Y Yu, C C Qi, M J Lin, L J Shi, H W Zhang, J Y Li, Y F Ma
Objective: To investigate the value of integrated pancreatic and biliary stents for prevention of post-Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis. Methods: The clinical data of patients whom had pancreatic stents for prevention of post-ERCP pancreatitis from December 2013 to October 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical effect and complication were compared between straight pancreatic stents group and integrated pancreatic and biliary stents group. Results: A total of 214 patients had pancreatic stents for prevention of post-ERCP pancreatitis...
December 13, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957289/efficacy-of-endoscopic-ultrasonography-in-evaluation-of-undetermined-etiology-of-common-bile-duct-dilatation-on-abdominal-ultrasonography
#11
Rasoul Sotoudehmanesh, Naimeh Nejati, Maryam Farsinejad, Shadi Kolahdoozan
BACKGROUND The cause of common bile duct (CBD) dilatation cannot be determined by imaging modalities in many patients. The aim of this study was to assess the value of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) in detecting the cause of CBD dilatation in patients in whom ultrasonography could not demonstrate the cause of dilation. METHODS Prospectively, 152 consecutive patients who were referred for evaluation of dilated CBD (diameter ≥7 mm) of undetermined origin by ultrasonography were included in this study. All the patients underwent EUS...
October 2016: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938583/-meta-analysis-somatostatin-for-prophylaxis-against-post-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-pancreatitis
#12
S B Pan, X P Geng
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of somatostatin in preventing pancreatitis after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography(ERCP). Methods: A standardized comprehensive literature search was performed by Cochrane library, PubMed, OVID, Springer Linker, Science Direct, EBSCO. Randomized controlled studies on the prevention of pancreatitis after ERCP before Octorber 2015 were enrolled in the study and were analyzed by 2 independent reviewers. Random-effects model(REM) or fixed-effects model (FEM) was applied to calculate pooled estimates of drug efficacy depending on the outcomes...
1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909551/post-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-pancreatitis-risk-factors-and-predictors-of-severity
#13
Ayman El Nakeeb, Ehab El Hanafy, Tarek Salah, Ehab Atef, Hosam Hamed, Ahmad M Sultan, Emad Hamdy, Mohamed Said, Ahmed A El Geidie, Tharwat Kandil, Mohamed El Shobari, Gamal El Ebidy
AIM: To detect risk factors for post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis (PEP) and investigate the predictors of its severity. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study of all patients who underwent ERCP. Pre-ERCP data, intraoperative data, and post-ERCP data were collected. RESULTS: The study population consisted of 996 patients. Their mean age at presentation was 58.42 (± 14.72) years, and there were 454 male and 442 female patients...
November 16, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905178/follow-up-to-determine-unplanned-hospitalization-and-complications-after-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#14
Edwina Chan, Teresa Neeman, Andrew Thomson
BACKGROUND: Studies of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)-related complications are inconsistent and sometimes have insufficient patient follow-up. The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors for ERCP-related events, leading to hospitalization in the case of outpatients and prolonged hospital stay in the case of inpatients, using assiduous follow-up and contemporaneous recording of data. METHODS: Prospectively collected data of 1000 consecutive ERCP procedures performed by a single endoscopist at a tertiary referral centre in Canberra, Australia, were studied and the complications evaluated...
December 1, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866907/radiofrequency-ablation-for-intraductal-extension-of-ampullary%C3%A2-neoplasms
#15
Tarun Rustagi, Shayan Irani, D Nageshwar Reddy, Barham K Abu Dayyeh, Todd H Baron, Christopher J Gostout, Michael J Levy, John Martin, Bret T Petersen, Andrew Ross, Mark D Topazian
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Extension of ampullary adenomas into the common bile duct (CBD) or pancreatic duct (PD) may be difficult to treat endoscopically. We evaluated the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of endoscopic radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in the management of ampullary neoplasms with intraductal extension. METHODS: This was a multicenter, retrospective analysis of all patients with intraductal extension of ampullary neoplasms treated with endoscopic RFA between February 2012 and June 2015...
November 17, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849643/comparison-of-rectal-indomethacin-diclofenac-and-naproxen-for-the-prevention-of-post-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-pancreatitis
#16
Amir H Mohammad Alizadeh, Mohammad Abbasinazari, Behzad Hatami, Saeed Abdi, Forozan Ahmadpour, Shideh Dabir, Aida Nematollahi, Samira Fatehi, Mohammad A Pourhoseingholi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: NSAIDs are commonly utilized for the prevention of post endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography pancreatitis (PEP). However, not much is known about the most effective drug in preventing this complication. This study aims to clarify which drug (indomethacin, diclofenac, or naproxen) is most effective for the prevention of post endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a double-blind, randomized study, patients received a single rectal dose of one of the three drugs 30 min before undergoing ERCP: diclofenac (100 mg), indomethacin (100 mg), or naproxen (500 mg)...
March 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848241/a-mixed-adenoneuroendocrine-carcinoma-of-the-pancreas-a-case-report
#17
Kouki Imaoka, Saburo Fukuda, Hirofumi Tazawa, Yoshio Kuga, Tetsuya Mochizuki, Yuzo Hirata, Seiji Fujisaki, Mamoru Takahashi, Toshihiro Nishida, Hideto Sakimoto
A tumor consisting of an adenocarcinoma component and a neuroendocrine carcinoma component, with each component accounting for at least 30% of the tumor, is defined as a mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma (MANEC). We report a case of MANEC of the pancreas. A 63-year-old man presented with hyperglycemia and was referred to our hospital for further examination. Abdominal contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed a mass of 2 cm in size in the pancreas head with portal vein narrowing. Fluorin-18 fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) CT revealed increased accumulation in the mass of the pancreas head...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824485/the-value-of-secretin-enhanced-mrcp-in-patients-with-recurrent-acute-pancreatitis
#18
Kumar Sandrasegaran, Bilal Tahir, Udaykamal Barad, Evan Fogel, Fatih Akisik, Temel Tirkes, Stuart Sherman
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to assess the additional value of secretin-enhanced MRCP over conventional (non-secretin-enhanced) MRCP in diagnosing disease in patients with recurrent acute pancreatitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of a radiology database found 72 patients with recurrent acute pancreatitis who had secretin-enhanced MRCP and ERCP correlation within 3 months of each other between January 2007 and December 2011. Of these patients, 54 had no history of pancreatic tumor or surgery and underwent MRI more than 3 months after an episode of acute pancreatitis...
February 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816497/lactated-ringer-s-solution-in-combination-with-rectal-indomethacin-for-prevention-of-post-ercp-pancreatitis-and-readmission-a-prospective-randomized-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-trial
#19
Shaffer R S Mok, Henry C Ho, Paurush Shah, Milan Patel, John P Gaughan, Adam B Elfant
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Prospective data have shown the benefit of rectal indomethacin (IND) for preventing post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP). A recent pilot study demonstrated a lower incidence of PEP after an 8-hour lactated Ringer's solution (LR) infusion. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of IND with or without bolus LR in patients at high-risk for PEP. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial we assigned patients to standard normal saline solution (NS) + placebo, NS + IND, LR + placebo, or LR + IND...
November 2, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801342/-the-efficiency-of-different-biliary-cannulation-in-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-a-meta-analysis
#20
Q Ma, Y D Yao, X X Hou, M C Wang, Z G Wei, J H Tian, Y C Zhang, X D He
Objective: To compare the success rates of wire-guided biliary cannulation (WGC) and conventional cannulation (CC) and their effect on the outcome of post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis (PEP). Methods: All randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were collected by searching CNKI, WanFang Data, CBM, PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library.The assessment of methodological quality and data extraction of the included studies were performed independently by two reviewers. Meta-analysis was conducted with RevMan 5...
November 1, 2016: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
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