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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807889/activity-trackers-implement-different-behavior-change-techniques-for-activity-sleep-and-sedentary-behaviors
#1
Mitch Duncan, Beatrice Murawski, Camille E Short, Amanda L Rebar, Stephanie Schoeppe, Stephanie Alley, Corneel Vandelanotte, Morwenna Kirwan
BACKGROUND: Several studies have examined how the implementation of behavior change techniques (BCTs) varies between different activity trackers. However, activity trackers frequently allow tracking of activity, sleep, and sedentary behaviors; yet, it is unknown how the implementation of BCTs differs between these behaviors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the number and type of BCTs that are implemented by wearable activity trackers (self-monitoring systems) in relation to activity, sleep, and sedentary behaviors and to determine whether the number and type of BCTs differ between behaviors...
August 14, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807041/the-feasibility-and-re-aim-evaluation-of-the-tame-health-pilot-study
#2
Zakkoyya H Lewis, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, Steve R Fisher, Kristofer Jennings, Arleen F Brown, Maria C Swartz, Eloisa Martinez, Elizabeth J Lyons
BACKGROUND: Conducting 5 A's counseling in clinic and utilizing technology-based resources are recommended to promote physical activity but little is known about how to implement such an intervention. This investigation aimed to determine the feasibility and acceptability, using the RE-AIM (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, Maintenance) framework, of a pragmatic, primary care-based intervention that incorporated 5 A's counseling and self-control through an activity monitor...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795513/the-economic-implications-of-sylvatic-rabies-eradication-in-italy
#3
S Sartore, P Mulatti, S Trestini, M Lorenzetto, L Gagliazzo, S Marangon, L Bonfanti
After more than 10 years of absence, sylvatic rabies re-appeared in Italy in 2008. To prevent disease spread, three oral rabies vaccination (ORV) campaigns targeting red foxes were performed through manual distribution of vaccine baits between January and September 2009. As these campaigns proved unsuccessful, at the end of December 2009, baits started being distributed using helicopters, allowing uniform coverage of larger areas in a shorter time period. From winter 2009 to autumn 2016, a total of 15 ORV campaigns (four emergency, four regular and seven preventive ORV) were implemented through aerial distribution of baits...
August 9, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746370/neogene-proto-caribbean-porcupinefishes-diodontidae
#4
Orangel Aguilera, Guilherme Oliveira Andrade Silva, Ricardo Tadeu Lopes, Alessandra Silveira Machado, Thaís Maria Dos Santos, Gabriela Marques, Thayse Bertucci, Thayanne Aguiar, Jorge Carrillo-Briceño, Felix Rodriguez, Carlos Jaramillo
Fossil Diodontidae in Tropical America consist mostly of isolated and fused beak-like jawbones, and tooth plate batteries. These durophagous fishes are powerful shell-crushing predators on shallow water invertebrate faunas from Neogene tropical carbonate bottom, rocky reefs and surrounding flats. We use an ontogenetic series of high-resolution micro CT of fossil and extant species to recognize external and internal morphologic characters of jaws and tooth plate batteries. We compare similar sizes of jaws and/or tooth-plates from both extant and extinct species...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726648/-cone-beam-computed-tomography-in-diagnostics-of-odontogenic-maxillary-sinusitis-case-reports
#5
E Demidova, G Khurdzidze
Diagnostic studies performed by cone beam computed tomography Morita 3D made possible to obtain high resolution images of hard tissues of upper jawbone and maxillary sinus, to detect bony tissue defects, such as odontogenic cysts, cystogranulomas and granulomas. High-resolution and three dimensional tomographic image reconstructions allowed for optimal and prompt determination of the scope of surgical treatment and planning of effective conservative treatment regimen. Interactive diagnostics helped to estimate cosmetic and functional results of surgical treatment, to prevent the occurrence of surgical complications, and to evaluate the efficacy of conservative treatment...
June 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692444/effect-of-restorative-configurations-and-occlusal-schemes-on-strain-levels-in-bone-surrounding-implants
#6
Jonathan Block, Shlomo Matalon, Gabriela Tanase, Zeev Ormianer
AIM: This study investigated strain levels during and after implant insertion, and during and after simulated mastication, in splinted and nonsplinted restorations with different occlusal schemes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fresh bovine bone resembling type I jawbone was collected. Strain gauges were placed at each implant's neck, one horizontally and one vertically. Strains at and after implant insertion were recorded. The restoration was loaded with cyclic load simulating mastication...
August 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685531/impact-of-rantes-from-jawbone-on-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
J Lechner, K Huesker, V Von Baehr
This study elucidates the question of whether chronic inflammation in the jawbone contributes to the development of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS). Fatty degenerative osteonecrosis in jawbone (FDOJ) may contribute to CFS by induction of inflammatory mediators. We examined seven cytokines by multiplex analysis in jawbone samples from two groups of patients. In order to clarify neurological interrelations, specimens from 21 CFS patients were analyzed from areas of previous surgery in the retromolar wisdom tooth area...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666177/accuracy-of-step-count-measured-by-physical-activity-monitors-the-effect-of-gait-speed-and-anatomical-placement-site
#8
Jessica J Chow, Jeanette M Thom, Michael A Wewege, Rachel E Ward, Belinda J Parmenter
INTRODUCTION: Consumer-based physical activity monitors (PAMs) are becoming increasingly popular, with multiple global organisations recommending physical activity levels that equate to 10,000 steps per day for optimal health. We therefore aimed to compare the step count of five PAMs to a visual step count to identify the most accurate monitors at varying gait speeds, along with the optimal anatomical placement site. METHODS: Participants completed 3min on a treadmill for five speeds (5...
June 21, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621323/a-robust-methodology-for-the-quantitative-assessment-of-the-rat-jawbone-microstructure
#9
Marissa Chatterjee, Fernanda Faot, Cassia Correa, Joke Duyck, Ignace Naert, Katleen Vandamme
Micro-computed tomography can be applied for the assessment of the micro-architectural characteristics of the cortical and trabecular bones in either physiological or disease conditions. However, reports often lack a detailed description of the methodological steps used to analyse these images, such as the volumes of interest, the algorithms used for image filtration, the approach used for image segmentation, and the bone parameters quantified, thereby making it difficult to compare or reproduce the studies...
June 2017: International Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597975/domestic-predation-of-an-elder-a-fatal-dog-attack-case
#10
Erwan Le Garff, Vadim Mesli, Yann Delannoy, Jocelyn Pollard, Anne Becart, Valéry Hedouin
We present the case of a 91-year-old woman lived alone at her home with two domestic dogs, that is,, a Labrador Retriever and a Staffordshire Bull Terrier and found dead. The investigation of the scene revealed that the Bull Terrier's jawbone and chest were covered with blood. The autopsy revealed multiple, histologically confirmed, life-threatening skin and bone lacerations without scavenging marks. The punctures and tearing of each of the wounds on the skin were compatible with bites. A left humeral fracture and multiple fractures of the right facial bones were observed...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593731/multimodal-3d-imaging-based-on-%C3%AE-mri-and-%C3%AE-ct-techniques-bridges-the-gap-with-histology-in-visualization-of-the-bone-regeneration-process
#11
R Sinibaldi, A Conti, B Sinjari, S Spadone, R Pecci, M Palombo, V S Komlev, M G Ortore, G Tromba, S Capuani, F De Luca, S Caputi, T Traini, S Della Penna
Bone repair/regeneration is usually investigated through x-ray computed microtomography (μCT) supported by histology of extracted samples, to analyze biomaterial structure and new bone formation processes. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (μMRI) shows a richer tissue contrast than μCT, despite at lower resolution, and could be combined with μCT in the perspective of conducting non-destructive 3D investigations of bone. A pipeline designed to combine μMRI and μCT images of bone samples is here described and applied on samples of extracted human jawbone core following bone graft...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540402/a-qualitative-evaluation-of-breast-cancer-survivors-acceptance-of-and-preferences-for-consumer-wearable-technology-activity-trackers
#12
Nga H Nguyen, Nyssa T Hadgraft, Melissa M Moore, Dori E Rosenberg, Chris Lynch, Marina M Reeves, Brigid M Lynch
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity and sedentary behaviour are common amongst breast cancer survivors. These behaviours are associated with an increased risk of comorbidities such as heart disease, diabetes and other cancers. Commercially available, wearable activity trackers (WATs) have potential utility as behavioural interventions to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviour within this population. PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to explore the acceptability and usability of consumer WAT amongst postmenopausal breast cancer survivors...
May 24, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536686/mandible-metastasis-of-small-cell-lung-cancer-mimicking-a-residual-cyst
#13
Renata Mendonça Moraes, Fabio Abreu Alves, Bruna Fernandes do Carmo Carvalho, Felipe D'Almeida Costa, Rodrigo Nascimento Lopes, Graziella Chagas Jaguar
Small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) is an uncommon tumor characterized by an aggressive behavior with early metastasis, usually to the contralateral lung, liver, brain, and bones. There are only five cases of this particular tumor metastasizing to the oral cavity described in the English literature. We present the case of metastatic SCLC in the mandible with radiographic findings resembling a residual cyst. A 66-year-old man with previous diagnosis and treatment for a SCLC was referred to the Stomatology Department with a history of persistent pain in the mandible 1 year after the inferior right pre-molar tooth extraction...
January 2017: Autopsy & case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526329/a-behaviour-change-intervention-to-reduce-sedentary-time-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Sonia Wing Mei Cheng, Jennifer Alison, Sarah Dennis, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Lissa Spencer, Renae McNamara, Susan Sims, Zoe McKeough
INTRODUCTION: Replacing sedentary behaviour with light intensity physical activity (ie, activities classified as less than three metabolic equivalents, such as slow-paced walking) may be a more realistic strategy for reducing cardiometabolic risk in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease than only aiming to increase levels of moderate-vigorous intensity physical activity. Behaviour change interventions to reduce sedentary behaviour in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease have not yet been developed or tested...
July 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521767/the-impact-of-an-m-health-financial-incentives-program-on-the-physical-activity-and-diet-of-australian-truck-drivers
#15
Nicholas D Gilson, Toby G Pavey, Olivia Rl Wright, Corneel Vandelanotte, Mitch J Duncan, Sjaan Gomersall, Stewart G Trost, Wendy J Brown
BACKGROUND: Chronic diseases are high in truck drivers and have been linked to work routines that promote inactivity and poor diets. This feasibility study examined the extent to which an m-Health financial incentives program facilitated physical activity and healthy dietary choices in Australian truck drivers. METHODS: Nineteen men (mean [SD] age = 47.5 [9.8] years; BMI = 31.2 [4.6] kg/m(2)) completed the 20-week program, and used an activity tracker and smartphone application (Jawbone UP™) to regulate small positive changes in occupational physical activity, and fruit, vegetable, saturated fat and processed/refined sugar food/beverage choices...
May 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515495/the-failure-envelope-concept-applied-to-the-bone-dental-implant-system
#16
R Korabi, K Shemtov-Yona, A Dorogoy, D Rittel
Dental implants interact with the jawbone through their common interface. While the implant is an inert structure, the jawbone is a living one that reacts to mechanical stimuli. Setting aside mechanical failure considerations of the implant, the bone is the main component to be addressed. With most failure criteria being expressed in terms of stress or strain values, their fulfillment can mean structural flow or fracture. However, in addition to those effects, the bony structure is likely to react biologically to the applied loads by dissolution or remodeling, so that additional (strain-based) criteria must be taken into account...
May 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495352/reliability-of-commercially-available-sleep-and-activity-trackers-with-manual-switch-to-sleep-mode-activation-in-free-living-healthy-individuals
#17
Alexia Gruwez, Walter Libert, Lieveke Ameye, Marie Bruyneel
INTRODUCTION: Wearable health devices have become trendy among consumers, but it is not known whether they accurately measure sleep and physical activity parameters. To address this question, we have studied the measured data of two consumer-level activity monitors (Up Move Jawbone(®) (U) and Withings Pulse 02(®) (W)) and compared it with reference methods for sleep and activity recordings, namely the Bodymedia SenseWear Pro Armband(®) actigraph (SWA) and home-polysomnography (H-PSG)...
June 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492743/presence-of-cells-in-fresh-frozen-allogeneic-bone-grafts-from-different-tissue-banks
#18
Libério França Coutinho, Juliano Batista do Amaral, Érico Brito Dos Santos, Elizabeth Ferreira Martinez, Victor Angelo M Montalli, José Luiz Cintra Junqueira, Vera Cavalcanti de Araújo, Marcelo Henrique Napimoga
Bone replacement materials have been widely used to reconstruct atrophic jawbones. Based on previous reports demonstrating the presence of viable cells in bone blocks even after processing by musculoskeletal tissue banks for orthopedic use, the aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of cells in bone blocks from three Brazilian tissue banks for maxillary reconstructions. All samples were processed by the respective tissue banks, according to the guidelines of the Brazilian National Sanitary Surveillance Agency...
March 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488834/the-efficacy-of-wearable-activity-tracking-technology-as-part-of-a-weight-loss-program-a-systematic-review
#19
Scott W Cheatham, Kyle R Stull, Mike Fantigrassi, Ian Motel
INTRODUCTION: The world obesity rate has increased over the past two decades. This problem has been linked to inactivity and lack of exercise among individuals which prompted the development of wearable activity tracking technology. This technology is commonly offered as a bracelet, watch, or pendent that provides feedback of daily activity such as total step count, heart rate, and energy expenditure. Despite the popularity of these devices, their efficacy to assist in behavior change and weight loss is still being studied...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487266/assessing-the-impact-of-a-novel-smartphone-application-compared-with-standard-follow-up-on-mobility-of-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-following-treatment-with-hylan-g-f-20-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Nebojsa Skrepnik, Andrew Spitzer, Roy Altman, John Hoekstra, John Stewart, Richard Toselli
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading cause of disability in the United States. Although no disease-modifying therapies exist, patients with knee OA who increase walking may reduce risk of functional limitations. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to evaluate the impact of a mobile app (OA GO) plus wearable activity monitor/pedometer (Jawbone UP 24) used for 90 days on the mobility of patients with knee OA treated with hylan G-F 20. METHODS: Patients with knee OA aged 30 to 80 years who were eligible to receive hylan G-F 20 and were familiar with smartphone technology were enrolled in this randomized, multicenter, open-label study...
May 9, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
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