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Prehospital qa

Novneet Sahu, Patrick Matthews, Kathryn Groner, Mia A Papas, Ross Megargel
Introduction Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) improves outcomes in patients with respiratory distress. Additional benefits are seen with CPAP application in the prehospital setting. Theoretical safety concerns regarding Basic Life Support (BLS) providers using CPAP exist. In Delaware's (USA) two-tiered Emergency Medical Service (EMS) system, BLS often arrives before Advanced Life Support (ALS). Hypothesis This study fills a gap in literature by evaluating the safety of CPAP applied by BLS prior to ALS arrival...
December 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Thomas R Calkins, Ken Miller, Mark I Langdorf
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have proven the success of the Esophageal-Tracheal Combitube (ETC) as a primary airway, but not as a rescue airway. OBJECTIVE: The object of this study was to observe success and complication rates of paramedic placement of an ETC as a rescue airway, and to compare success rates with endotracheal tube (ETT) intubation. The primary outcome indicator was placement with successful ventilation. Complication rates, esophageal placement, and return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) were secondary measures...
March 2006: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
C J Holliman, G Swope, L Mauger, R C Wuerz, S A Meador
INTRODUCTION: The need for quality assurance (QA) systems for review of prehospital advanced life support (ALS) care has long been recognized. However, there only have been limited published studies on the operation and cost of QA systems for prehospital care. A number of different systems currently are in use, and the relative effectiveness of different QA systems has not been well determined. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the personnel work-time and costs of two different systems of QA for prehospital ALS services, and thereby determine which type of system was more cost-effective in the generation of QA reports...
October 1993: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
E A Davis, A J Billitier
OBJECTIVE: The concept of the necessity of a good quality assurance (QA) plan for emergency medical services (EMS) is well-accepted; guidelines as how best to achieve this and how current systems operate have have not been defined. The purpose of this study was to survey EMS systems to discover current methods used to perform medical control and QA and to examine whether the existence of an emergency medicine residency affected these components. METHODS: A survey was mailed in 1989 to the major teaching hospitals associated with all of the emergency medicine residency programs (n = 79) and all other hospitals with greater than 350 beds within the 50 largest United States metropolitan areas (n = 172)...
April 1993: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
D Leibovici, O N Gofrit, R J Heruti, S C Shapira, J Shemer, M Stein
The need for interhospital patient transfer after mass casualties may be a consequence of triage errors. Indications for interhospital patient transfer following seven suicidal bus bombings in Israel were reviewed to identify possible errors in triage at the scene. Medical records of victims arriving to hospitals were analyzed for age, injury description, injury Severity Score (ISS), and indication and destination of interhospital transfer. A total of 473 victims were involved, 74 of whom died at the scene (15...
July 1997: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
R A Swor
QA activities in EMS systems are severely hampered unless a central agency exists to coordinate data collection, funding, and communication between agencies and field providers. EMS systems must address these issues successfully to maximize their efforts. Some regions (San Francisco, King County, Washington, Burbank, California) have developed dedicated organizations for the evaluation of prehospital care. These organizations can greatly reduce the logistic impediments to evaluating EMS care and initiating improvements...
August 1992: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
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