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Gastric Artery Embolization

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918297/a-rare-case-of-spontaneous-rupture-of-an-aneurysm-of-the-right-gastric-artery
#1
Yu-Ki Takemoto, Nobuaki Fujikuni, Kazuaki Tanabe, Hironobu Amano, Toshio Noriyuki, Masahiro Nakahara
BACKGROUND: Visceral artery aneurysms at the origin of the gastric and gastroepiploic artery are uncommon. Raptured visceral aneurysms cause high mortality and require urgent and adequate intervention and treatment. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 65-year-old woman was transferred to the emergency department with sudden abdominal and back pain. Radiographically, we diagnosed intra-abdominal bleeding due to a ruptured aneurysm of the right gastric artery. Although her vital signs were relatively stable, transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) could not be performed due to thrombotic occlusion of her abdominal aorta, and bilateral axillary arteries...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901321/supplemental-conventional-transarterial-embolization-chemoembolization-therapy-via-extrahepatic-arteries-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#2
Yuanqan Huang, Zhongzhi Jia, Jianfei Tu, Tao Shen, Feng Tian, Guomin Jiang
PURPOSE: To assess the value of conventional transarterial embolization/chemoembolization (cTAE/TACE) therapy via extrahepatic arteries for patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Patients with unresectable HCC who underwent cTAE/TACE therapy via extrahepatic arteries between May 2008 and July 2016 across 4 medical centers were identified. The technical success, serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) levels changes, tumor response, disease control rate, survival rate, and major complication were analyzed...
2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882969/successful-resection-and-vascular-ligation-of-a-large-hepatic-artery-aneurysm-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Nicolae Bacalbasa, Iulian Brezean, Claudiu Anghel, Ion Barbu, Mihai Pautov, Irina Balescu, Vladislav Brasoveanu
The occurrence of hepatic artery aneurysms is rare and might be incidentally diagnosed, as the patient remains asymptomatic for a long period of time. However, due to the fact that these lesions are associated with a high risk of developing life threatening complications, such as intraperitoneal rupture, it has been stated that all cases should be submitted to treatment by endovascular or surgical approach. We present the case of a 68-year-old patient, who presented with recurrent upper digestive tract bleedings and was diagnosed with a large aneurysm of the common and the proper hepatic artery, and the gastroduodenal artery...
September 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882938/imatinib-dramatically-alleviates-pulmonary-tumour-thrombotic-microangiopathy-induced-by-gastric-cancer
#4
Kana Kubota, Taro Shinozaki, Yasushi Imai, Kazuomi Kario
Pulmonary tumour thrombotic microangiopathy (PTTM) is a rare complication of cancer, which can be lethal due to progressive pulmonary hypertension (PH). Several case reports have demonstrated that imatinib, a platelet-derived growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor, can improve severe PH in patients with PTTM.We describe the case of a 56-year-old woman. Her mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) was 47 mm Hg, and her dyspnoea worsened rapidly over several days. Although pulmonary embolism was not observed on CT, enlargement of the para-aortic lymph nodes was detected...
September 7, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810606/aspergillus-niger-bloodstream-infection-in-gastric-cancer-after-common-hepatic-artery-embolization-a-case-report
#5
Li Lin, Chuan-Hua Zhao, Xiu-Yun Yin, Yu-Ling Chen, Hong-Yan Zhai, Chun-Wei Xu, Yan Wang, Fei-Jiao Ge, Jian-Ming Xu
The present case study reported on a 62-year-old male patient with gastric cancer-associated Aspergillus (A.) niger bloodstream infection. The patient presented with massive hemorrhage in the gastrointestinal tract 3 months after total gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Conservative treatment consisting of blood transfusion to supplement blood volume loss was ineffective. Digital subtraction angiography indicated gastroduodenal artery bleeding. The first attempt of performing arterial embolization using gelatin sponges failed, while the second attempt of performing common hepatic artery embolization using gelatin sponges and micro-coil springs stopped the bleeding...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776354/multidisciplinary-approach-to-refractory-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-case-series-of-angiographic-embolization
#6
Ko Eun Lee, Ki Nam Shim, Chung Hyun Tae, Min Sun Ryu, Sun Young Choi, Chang Mo Moon, Seong Eun Kim, Hey Kyung Jung, Sung Ae Jung
Although medical and endoscopic hemostasis is now considered as the first-line therapy for nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal (UGI) bleeding, refractory bleeding still occurs in 5%-10% of the patients. In these patients, transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) or surgery is required, but research on embolization for unmanageable UGI bleeding in Korea is scanty. We reviewed the medical records of 518 patients who underwent endoscopic hemostasis during 4 years. Among these subjects, 8 patients who required embolization due to failure of endoscopic hemostasis were enrolled...
September 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756909/gastroduodenal-artery-coiling-to-curb-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#7
Krishnamurti A Rao, Ramsey Al-Hakim, Thomas Scagnelli, George Sanchez, William Munios, Erick Hernandez, Juan E Sola, Holly Neville, Anthony Hogan, Eduardo A Perez
BACKGROUND: Peptic ulcers in pediatric populations are uncommon and can present with upper gastrointestinal bleeding and shock on presentation. An endoscopy is done initially to identify bleeding source. However, definitive treatment is achieved with angiography. The use of coiling is effective in achieving hemorrhagic control in duodenal ulcers or gastric ulcers, particularly in adults. However, the use in pediatric populations is unknown. We present a case of peptic ulcer disease treated with a gastroduodenal artery coil in a pediatric patient that has never been reported in the literature...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740566/salvage-embolization-and-histologic-analysis-of-gastric-cancer-with-hemorrhagic-shock-using-spherical-embolic-material
#8
Norifumi Kennoki, Toru Saguchi, Jun Otaka, Yosuke Makuuchi, Takafumi Watanabe, So Katayanagi, Hiromi Serizawa, Kiyoshi Koizumi, Koichi Tokuuye
BACKGROUND: In a recent study, it was reported that transcatheter arterial embolization with spherical embolic material for life-threatening hemorrhages in various cancer patients was safe and effective. Calibrated microspheres are able to access distal regions of the target arteries, which results in the disappearance of tumor staining. However, there are few reports on the pathological behavior of EmboSpheres in gastric cancer specimens. In this case, we succeeded in salvage embolization for advanced gastric cancer with hemorrhagic shock using spherical embolic material...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730139/gastric-hemangioma-treated-with-argon-plasma-coagulation-in-a-newborn-infant
#9
Young Ah Lee, Peter Chun, Eun Ha Hwang, Yeoun Joo Lee, Chang Won Kim, Jae Hong Park
Gastric hemangioma in the neonatal period is a very rare cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. We present a case of hemangioma limited to the gastric cavity in a 10-day-old infant. A huge, erythematous mass with bleeding was observed on the lesser curvature side of the upper part of the stomach. Surgical resection was ruled out because the location of the lesion was too close to the gastroesophageal junction. Medical treatment with intravenous H2 blockers, octreotide, packed red blood cell infusions, local epinephrine injection at the lesion site, application of hemoclip, and gel-form embolization of the left gastric artery did not significantly alter the transfusion requirement...
June 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726017/retrosternal-reconstruction-can-be-a-risk-factor-for-upper-extremity-deep-vein-thrombosis-after-esophagectomy
#10
Takamasa Takahashi, Masahide Fukaya, Kazushi Miyata, Yayoi Sakatoku, Masato Nagino
BACKGROUND: Upper extremity deep vein thrombosis (UEDVT) is a rare but important complication because it can cause pulmonary embolism. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of UEDVT after esophagectomy and the risk factors related to UEDVT. METHODS: This study included 88 patients who underwent esophagectomy with retrosternal or posterior mediastinal reconstruction using gastric tube. The incidence of UEDVT and the diameter of left brachiocephalic vein were measured using postoperative contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT)...
July 19, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713067/eus-guided-drainage-of-peripancreatic-fluid-collections-with-lumen-apposing-metal-stents-and-plastic-double-pigtail-stents-comparison-of-efficacy-and-adverse-event-rates
#11
Gabriel D Lang, Cassandra Fritz, Trisha Bhat, Koushik K Das, Faris M Murad, Dayna S Early, Steven A Edmundowicz, Vladimir M Kushnir, Daniel K Mullady
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Transmural drainage with double-pigtail plastic stents (DPPSs) was the mainstay of endoscopic therapy for symptomatic peripancreatic fluid collections (PPFCs) until the introduction of lumen-apposing covered self-expanding metal stents (LAMSs). Currently, there are limited data regarding the efficacy and adverse event rate of LAMSs compared with DPPSs. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of EUS-guided PPFC drainage at a single tertiary care center between 2008 and 2015 was performed...
July 14, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682846/punctate-radiation-dermatitis-of-the-foot-and-ankle-caused-by-distal-embolization-of-90y-microspheres-during-liver-directed-therapy
#12
Benjamin B Nia, Emily S Nia, Ryan J Avery, Phillip H Kuo, Charles T Hennemeyer
A 41-year-old man with gastric adenocarcinoma presented with hepatic metastases. The metastases were refractory to systemic chemotherapy, so radioembolization with Y microspheres was performed. Because of stasis or saturation of the tumor with embolic particles, 79% of the microspheres were injected. At follow-up, the patient complained of "red bumps" that had developed on his right foot/ankle the day after the radioembolization. Because a portion of the dose was still in the catheter when withdrawn from the right femoral artery, the interventional radiologist used a Geiger counter to confirm radioactivity in the cutaneous lesions and thus the distal embolization of the microspheres...
September 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645108/prognostic-factors-influencing-the-survival-of-patients-with-carcinoma-of-the-gastric-cardia-receiving-preoperative-interventional-embolization-chemotherapy
#13
Hai-Li Cao, Shu-Qiang Jin, Kai-Bing Wang, Bin Bai
The purpose of this study was to analyze the characteristics of patients with gastric cardia cancer (GCC) to identify the main factors the influence the survival rate after interventional embolization chemotherapy (IEC). One hundred and fifty-six patients with advanced GCC were treated with IEC via the left gastric artery. Survival time was defined as from the date of diagnosis until death or the end of this study in June 2015. The median survival time was 15 months (range 3 to 29 months). The Cox proportional hazard model found that patients' age (p< 0...
June 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577412/postmortem-computed-tomography-evaluation-of-fatal-gas-embolism-due-to-connection-of-an-intravenous-cannula-to-an-oxygen-supply
#14
Yoichiro Takahashi, Rie Sano, Akiyuki Yasuda, Eri Kuboya, Keiko Takahashi, Rieko Kubo, Yoshihiko Kominato, Hiroyuki Takei, Susumu Kobayashi, Takehiro Shimada, Sachiko Awata, Hiroyuki Tokue, Satoshi Hirasawa
An 84-year-old man who had suffered from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease accompanied by moderate pneumonia as well as gastric cancer with liver metastasis was found dead by a nurse, who noticed that the patient's intravenous catheter in the left forearm had been erroneously connected to an oxygen supply in his hospital room, leading to infusion of oxygen into a vein. Postmortem CT scanning demonstrated multiple accumulations of gas in the pulmonary artery, the right atrium and ventricle, as well as the left subclavian and brachiocephalic veins, corresponding to the route that the infused gas would have taken to the heart and pulmonary artery...
May 26, 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514380/-transcatheter-embolization-in-prevention-of-recurrent-bleeding-from-stomach-ulcers
#15
N V Lebedev, G E Belozerov, A E Klimov, P Yu Sokolova, A A Spasskiy, A A Barkhudarov
AIM: To evaluate an efficacy of endovascular hemostasis in patients with gastric ulcerative bleeding and high risk of recurrent bleeding and death. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The work is based on a study of the results in 30 patients with gastric ulcerative bleeding, high risk of recurrent bleeding (rebleeding forecast system (RFS) score over 17) and high risk of death (SAPS II score over 30). We attempted transcatheter embolization of left gastric artery to prevent rebleeding...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507835/endoscopic-view-of-gastroduodenal-artery-coils-at-the-base-of-duodenal-ulcer-in-case-of-recurrent-massive-upper-gastrointestinal-bleed
#16
Rawaa Ebrahem, Salam Kadhem, John W Frey, William Salyers
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is one of the major causes of bleeding peptic ulcer disease, which is associated with serious complications; therefore, the eradication of H. pylori is essential to prevent these devastating complications. Post-treatment follow-up is crucial to guarantee the eradication of the organism and may be conducted via the urea breath test, the stool antigen test, or a gastric biopsy. Acute massive upper gastrointestinal (UGI) bleeding is one of the most common complications of peptic ulcer disease...
April 13, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483303/transcatheter-arterial-embolization-for-gastrointestinal-bleeding-associated-with-gastric-carcinoma-prognostic-factors-predicting-successful-hemostasis-and%C3%A2-survival
#17
Sangik Park, Ji Hoon Shin, Dong-Il Gwon, Hyoung Jung Kim, Kyu-Bo Sung, Hyun-Ki Yoon, Gi-Young Ko, Heung Kyu Ko
PURPOSE: To evaluate outcomes of transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) for gastric cancer-related gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding and factors associated with successful TAE and improved survival after TAE. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 43 patients (34 men; age 60.6 y ± 13.6) with gastric cancer-related GI bleeding undergoing angiography between January 2000 and December 2015. Clinical course, laboratory findings, and TAE characteristics were reviewed...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480721/a-rare-cause-of-emphysematous-infectious-gastritis
#18
Jorge Galván Fernández, Maria Isabel Jiménez Cuenca, Isabel Molpeceres Martínez, María Luisa Álvarez-Quiñones
A 61 year-old man with a history of hypertension, type2 diabetes, chronic renal failure, tuberculosis and peripheral arterial disease presented with gangrene in the right leg. A right supracondylar amputation was performed, despite which the patient continued with a high fever, oliguria and hypotension (90/50). Laboratory work-up showed neutrophilic leukocytosis and metabolic acidosis. CT revealed pneumoperitoneum, emphysema and thickening of the gastric wall. Changing the CT window we can appreciate air dissecting the layers of the gastric wall...
May 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466245/pulmonary-artery-hypoplasia-associated-with-posterior-mediastinal-hematoma-accompanied-by-a-ruptured-pseudoaneurysm-of-the-esophageal-branch-of-the-left-gastric-artery
#19
Miho Nitta, Soji Ozawa, Junya Oguma, Akihito Kazuno, Yamato Ninomiya, Takayuki Nishi, Hideo Shimada, Kazunori Myojin
A 65-year-old woman with no significant medical history visited the emergency department complaining of epigastric discomfort. A computed tomography of the thorax and abdomen showed the attenuation of the pulmonary artery and a posterior mediastinal hematoma. Angiography showed a tortuous esophageal branch of the left gastric artery and a pseudoaneurysm, and during the later phase, the left lower lobe of the lung was enhanced, and finally, the left pulmonary vein was enhanced. We considered that the patient was exhibiting hypoperfusion of the left pulmonary artery arising from left pulmonary artery hypoplasia, since the left lung was supplying the systemic circulation...
May 2, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440519/-prevention-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-perioperative-complications-of-bariatric-and-metabolic-surgery
#20
Haifu Wu, Ming Zhong, Di Zhou, Chenye Shi, Heng Jiao, Wei Wu, Xinxia Chang, Jing Cang, Hua Bian
Surgical operation in treating obesity and type 2 diabetes is popularizing rapidly in China. Correct prevention and recognition of perioperation-related operative complications is the premise of ensuring surgical safety. Familiar complications of the operation include deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary artery embolism, anastomotic bleeding, anastomotic fistula and marginal ulcer. The prevention of deep venous thrombosis is better than treatment. The concrete measures contain physical prophylaxis (graduated compression stocking and intermittent pneumatic compression leg sleeves) and drug prophylaxis (unfractionated heparin and low molecular heparin), and the treatment is mainly thrombolysis or operative thrombectomy...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
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