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adipocyte maturation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320833/inflammatory-changes-in-bone-marrow-microenvironment-associated-with-declining-b-lymphopoiesis
#1
Domenick E Kennedy, Katherine L Knight
B lymphopoiesis arrests precipitously in rabbits such that by 2-4 mo of age, before sexual maturity, little to no B lymphopoiesis occurs in the bone marrow (BM). Previously, we showed that in mice, adipocytes inhibit B lymphopoiesis in vitro by inducing inflammatory myeloid cells, which produce IL-1β. In this study, we characterized rabbit BM after the arrest of B lymphopoiesis and found a dramatic increase in fat, increased CD11b(+) myeloid cells, and upregulated expression of the inflammatory molecules, IL-1β and S100A9, by the myeloid cells...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316325/silencing-of-the-small-gtpase-diras3-induces-cellular-senescence-in-human-white-adipose-stromal-progenitor-cells
#2
Asim Ejaz, Monika Mattesich, Werner Zwerschke
Inhibition of Akt-mTOR signaling protects from obesity and extends life span in animals. In the present study, we analyse the impact of the small GTPase, GTP-binding RAS-like 3 (DIRAS3), a recently identified weight-loss target gene, on cellular senescence in adipose stromal/progenitor cells (ASCs) derived from human subcutaneous white adipose tissue (sWAT). We demonstrate that DIRAS3 knock-down (KD) in ASCs induces activation of Akt-mTOR signaling and proliferation arrest. DIRAS3 KD ASCs lose the potential to form colonies and are negative for Ki-67...
March 17, 2017: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300914/nevus-lipomatosus-cutaneous-superficialis
#3
Gustavo de Sá Menezes Carvalho, Silvana Maria de Morais Cavalcanti, Alzinira Souza Herênio, Márcia Almeida Galvão Teixeira, Eliane Ruth Barbosa de Alencar, Sergio Paulo Mendes Gonçalves
We report a case of nevus lipomatosus cutaneous superficialis of Hoffman-Zurhelle (NCLS), with multiple lesions, in a ten-year-old child. The NLCS is considered rare. The classical clinical presentation is characterized by multiple skin-colored or yellowish papules and nodules, which can have a linear distribution. Histologically, it is characterized by the presence of mature ectopic adipocytes in the dermis. The main therapeutic option is surgical excision. The classical Nevus lipomatosus cutaneous superficialis is reported in this case...
September 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285642/a-new-hope-for-obesity-management-boron-inhibits-adipogenesis-in-progenitor-cells-through-the-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-pathway
#4
Ayşegül Doğan, Selami Demirci, Hüseyin Apdik, Omer Faruk Bayrak, Sukru Gulluoglu, Emre Can Tuysuz, Oleg Gusev, Albert A Rizvanov, Emrah Nikerel, Fikrettin Şahin
Obesity is a worldwide medical problem resulting in serious morbidity and mortality involving differentiation of pre-adipocytes into mature adipocytes (adipogenesis). Boron treatment has been reported to be associated with weight reduction in experimental animals; however, its effects on pre-adipocyte differentiation and anti-adipogenic molecular mechanisms are unknown. In this study, we demonstrate the inhibitory activities of boric acid (BA) and sodium pentaborate pentahydrate (NaB) on adipogenesis using common cellular models...
April 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276197/phenyl-%C3%AE-valerolactones-flavan-3-ol-colonic-metabolites-protect-brown-adipocytes-from-oxidative-stress-without-affecting-their-differentiation-or-function
#5
Laura Mele, Stefania Carobbio, Nicoletta Brindani, Claudio Curti, Sergio Rodriguez-Cuenca, Guillaume Bidault, Pedro Mena, Ilaria Zanotti, Michele Vacca, Antonio Vidal-Puig, Daniele Del Rio
SCOPE: Consumption of products rich in flavan-3-ols, such as tea and cocoa, has been associated with decreased obesity, partially dependent on their capacity to enhance energy expenditure. Despite these phenolics having been reported to increase the thermogenic program in brown and white adipose tissue, flavan-3-ols are vastly metabolised in vivo to phenyl-γ-valerolactones. Therefore, we hypothesize that phenyl-γ-valerolactones may directly stimulate the differentiation and the activation of brown adipocytes...
March 9, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273662/dedifferentiated-fat-cells-as-a-novel-source-for-cell-therapy-to-target-neonatal-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy
#6
Alkisti Mikrogeorgiou, Yoshiaki Sato, Taiki Kondo, Tetsuo Hattori, Yuichiro Sugiyama, Miharu Ito, Akiko Saito, Keiko Nakanishi, Masahiro Tsuji, Tomohiko Kazama, Koichiro Kano, Taro Matsumoto, Masahiro Hayakawa
Neonatal hypoxic-ischemic (HI) encephalopathy (HIE) remains a major cause of mortality and persistent neurological disabilities in affected individuals. At present, hypothermia is considered to be the only applicable treatment option, although growing evidence suggests that cell-based therapy might achieve better outcomes. Dedifferentiated fat (DFAT) cells are derived from mature adipocytes via a dedifferentiation strategy called ceiling culture. Their abundance and ready availability might make them an ideal therapeutic tool for the treatment of HIE...
March 9, 2017: Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264489/tenebrio-molitor-larvae-inhibit-adipogenesis-through-ampk-and-mapks-signaling-in-3t3-l1-adipocytes-and-obesity-in-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-mice
#7
Minchul Seo, Tae-Won Goo, Mi Yeon Chung, Minhee Baek, Jae-Sam Hwang, Mi-Ae Kim, Eun-Young Yun
Despite the increasing interest in insect-based bioactive products, the biological activities of these products are rarely studied adequately. Larvae of Tenebrio molitor, the yellow mealworm, have been eaten as a traditional food and provide many health benefits. Therefore, we hypothesized that T. molitor larvae might influence adipogenesis and obesity-related disorders. In the present study, we investigated the anti-adipogenic and antiobesity effects of T. molitor larvae in vitro and in vivo. The lipid accumulation and triglyceride content in mature adipocytes was reduced significantly (up to 90%) upon exposure to an ethanol extract of T...
February 28, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256115/serum-preadipocyte-factor-1-levels-are-not-associated-with-bone-mineral-density-among-healthy-postmenopausal-korean-women
#8
Hoon Sung Choi, Sang Wook Kim, Eun Hee Cho
BACKGROUND: Multipotent mesenchymal stem cells can differentiate into adipocytes or osteoblasts through closely regulated lineage-control processes. However, adipocyte precursor cells release preadipocyte factor 1 (Pref-1), which inhibits the differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells into mature adipocytes and osteoblasts. Previous studies have also reported an inverse association between Pref-1 levels and bone mineral density (BMD) among patients with anorexia nervosa. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we examined the correlations between Pref-1 levels and BMD among 124 healthy postmenopausal women (>50 years old)...
February 28, 2017: Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244048/isolation-and-patch-clamp-of-primary-adipocytes
#9
Yanhui Zhang, Dan Tong, Anil Mishra, Litao Xie, Isaac Samuel, Jessica K Smith, Rajan Sah
The patch-clamp technique allows for the study of ion channel activity in the native adipocyte environment to better understand the contributions of ion channels to adipocyte signaling. Here, we describe methods for isolating primary mature adipocytes from both mouse and human white adipose tissues (subcutaneous and visceral). From the same preparation, we describe how to culture and differentiate preadipocytes isolated from the stromal vascular fraction. We then describe in detail patch-clamp methods, including both whole-cell and perforated-patch configurations...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244041/differentiation-and-metabolic-interrogation-of-human-adipocytes
#10
Nicki A Baker, Lindsey A Muir, Carey N Lumeng, Robert W O'Rourke
Adipocytes differentiated from preadipocytes provide a valuable model for the study of human adipocyte metabolism. We describe methods for isolation of human stromal vascular cells, expansion of preadipocytes, differentiation into mature adipocytes, and in vitro metabolic interrogation of adipocytes.
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244038/flow-cytometric-isolation-and-differentiation-of-adipogenic-progenitor-cells-into-brown-and-brite-beige-adipocytes
#11
Jochen Steinbring, Antonia Graja, Anne-Marie Jank, Tim J Schulz
Aside from mature adipocytes, adipose tissue harbors several distinct cell populations including immune cells, endothelial cells, and adipogenic progenitor cells (AdPCs). AdPCs represent the reservoir of regenerative cells that replenishes adipocytes during normal cellular turnover and during times of increased demand for triglyceride-storage capacity. The worldwide increase in pathologies associated with the metabolic syndrome, such as obesity and type-2 diabetes, has heightened public and scientific interest in adipose tissues and the cell biological processes of adipose tissue formation and function...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243204/icariin-inhibits-ampk-dependent-autophagy-and-adipogenesis-in-adipocytes-in-vitro-and-in-a-model-of-graves-orbitopathy-in-vivo
#12
Hong Li, Yifei Yuan, Yali Zhang, Xia Zhang, Long Gao, Rongjuan Xu
Graves' orbitopathy (GO), an extrathyroidal manifestation of Graves' disease, is an inflammatory autoimmune disorder of the orbit that involves the differentiation of precursor cells into mature adipocytes and retro-orbital adipose tissue accumulation. Here, we examined the involvement of autophagy in adipogenesis and explored the effects of icariin, a flavonoid isolated from the genus Epimedium with a wide range of biological and pharmacological effects, on autophagy and adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and in a mouse model of GO...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242765/novel-role-for-wnt-inhibitor-apcdd1-in-adipocyte-differentiation-implications-for-diet-induced-obesity
#13
Nicole K H Yiew, Tapan K Chatterjee, Yao Liang Tang, Rod Pellenberg, Brian K Stansfield, Zsolt Bagi, David J Fulton, David W Stepp, Weiqin Chen, Vijay Patel, Vinayak M Kamath, Sheldon E Litwin, David Y Hui, Steven M Rudich, Ha Won Kim, Neal L Weintraub
Impaired adipogenic differentiation during diet-induced obesity (DIO) promotes adipocyte hypertrophy and inflammation, thereby contributing to metabolic disease. Adenomatosis polyposis coli downregulated 1 (APCDD1) has recently been identified as an inhibitor of Wnt signaling, a key regulator of adipogenic differentiation. Here, we report a novel role for APCDD1 in adipogenic differentiation via repression of Wnt signaling, and an epigenetic linkage between miR-130 and APCDD1 in DIO. APCDD1 expression was significantly upregulated in mature adipocytes as compared to undifferentiated preadipocytes in both human and mouse subcutaneous adipose tissues...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224035/colonic-intussusception-in-descending-colon-an-unusual-presentation-of-colon-lipoma
#14
Reza Bagherzadeh Saba, Amir Sadeghi, Neda Rad, Mohammad Taghi Safari, Farnoush Barzegar
Lipomas of the colon are relatively rare benign soft tissue tumors derived from mature adipocytes of mesenchymatic origin. During colonoscopy, surgery or autopsy they are generally discovered incidentally. Most cases are asymptomatic, with a small tumor size, and do not need any special treatment. However, in the cases with larger in size of tumor some symptoms such as anemia, abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, bleeding, or intussusception may be presented. We reported a 47-year-old woman with colonic intussusception in the descending colon caused by colonic lipoma and diagnosed after surgical exploration for obstructive colonic mass...
December 2016: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219719/cysteine-deprivation-prevents-induction-of-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-gamma-2-and-adipose-differentiation-of-3t3-l1-cells
#15
Nadia Nabil Haj-Yasein, Ole Berg, Fredrik Jernerén, Helga Refsum, Hilde I Nebb, Knut Tomas Dalen
Plasma cysteine is strongly associated with body fat mass in human cohorts and diets low in cysteine prevents fat accumulation in mice. It is unclear if plasma cysteine affects fat development or if fat accumulation raises plasma cysteine. To determine if cysteine affects adipogenesis, we differentiated 3T3-L1 preadipocytes in medium with reduced cysteine. Cells incubated in media with 10-20μM cysteine exhibited reduced capacity to differentiate into triacylglycerol-storing mature adipocytes compared with cells incubated with 50μM cysteine...
February 17, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209092/fibroblast-growth-factor-1-fgf-1-promotes-adipogenesis-by-downregulation-of-carboxypeptidase-a4-cpa4-a-negative-regulator-of-adipogenesis-implicated-in-the-modulation-of-local-and-systemic-insulin-sensitivity
#16
Jingjing He, Daniel L Chen, Dorit Samocha-Bonet, Kevin R Gillinder, Johanna L Barclay, Graham W Magor, Andrew C Perkins, Jerry R Greenfield, Gongshe Yang, Jonathan P Whitehead
Fibroblast growth factor-1 (FGF-1) promotes differentiation of human preadipocytes into mature adipocytes via modulation of a BMP and Activin Membrane-Bound Inhibitor (BAMBI)/Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPARγ)-dependent network. Here, we combined transcriptomic and functional investigations to identify novel downstream effectors aligned with complementary analyses of gene expression in human adipose tissue to explore relationships with insulin sensitivity. RNA-Seq and qRT-PCR analysis revealed significant down-regulation of carboxypeptidase A4 (CPA4) following FGF-1 treatment or induction of differentiation of human preadipocytes in a BAMBI/PPARγ-independent manner...
December 2016: Growth Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192372/rna-binding-protein-pspc1-promotes-the-differentiation-dependent-nuclear-export-of-adipocyte-rnas
#17
Jiexin Wang, Prashant Rajbhandari, Andrey Damianov, Areum Han, Tamer Sallam, Hironori Waki, Claudio J Villanueva, Stephen D Lee, Ronni Nielsen, Susanne Mandrup, Karen Reue, Stephen G Young, Julian Whitelegge, Enrique Saez, Douglas L Black, Peter Tontonoz
A highly orchestrated gene expression program establishes the properties that define mature adipocytes, but the contribution of posttranscriptional factors to the adipocyte phenotype is poorly understood. Here we have shown that the RNA-binding protein PSPC1, a component of the paraspeckle complex, promotes adipogenesis in vitro and is important for mature adipocyte function in vivo. Cross-linking and immunoprecipitation followed by RNA sequencing revealed that PSPC1 binds to intronic and 3'-untranslated regions of a number of adipocyte RNAs, including the RNA encoding the transcriptional regulator EBF1...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192110/risk-of-obesity-related-cardiometabolic-complications-in-special-populations-a-crisis-in-asians
#18
N Abate, M Chandalia
The prospect of significant increase in global health-related costs associated with high cardiometabolic complications of obesity in Asians has encouraged more attention to the problem of growing obesity prevalence in these populations. While these studies have shown that cardiometabolic complications occur more frequently and at lower body mass index (BMI) in Asians than in European populations, the mechanisms involved are yet to be discovered. Ethnic/racial differences in body composition and fat distribution have been extensively studied...
February 9, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173833/human-breast-adipose-tissue-characterization-of-factors-that-change-during-tumor-progression-in-human-breast-cancer
#19
Sabrina Johanna Fletcher, Paula Alejandra Sacca, Mercedes Pistone-Creydt, Federico Andrés Coló, María Florencia Serra, Flavia Eliana Santino, Corina Verónica Sasso, Constanza Matilde Lopez-Fontana, Rubén Walter Carón, Juan Carlos Calvo, Virginia Pistone-Creydt
BACKGROUND: Adipose microenvironment is involved in signaling pathways that influence breast cancer. We aim to characterize factors that are modified: 1) in tumor and non tumor human breast epithelial cell lines when incubated with conditioned media (CMs) from human breast cancer adipose tissue explants (hATT) or normal breast adipose tissue explants (hATN); 2) in hATN-CMs vs hATT-CMs; 3) in the tumor associated adipocytes vs. non tumor associated adipocytes. METHODS: We used hATN or hATT- CMs on tumor and non-tumor breast cancer cell lines...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163317/embelin-attenuates-adipogenesis-and-lipogenesis-through-activating-canonical-wnt-signaling-and-inhibits-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity
#20
Y Gao, J Li, X Xu, S Wang, Y Yang, J Zhou, L Zhang, F Zheng, X Li, B Wang
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that Embelin, a natural plant extract might have the potential to prevent body weight gain in rats. However, the mechanisms involved remain to be elucidated. METHODS: Effects of Embelin on adipocyte differentiation and lipogenesis were studied in murine ST2 stromal cells and C3H10T1/2 mesenchymal cells. The mechanisms through which Embelin regulates adipogenic differentiation and lipogenesis were explored. The in vivo anti-obesity effects of Embelin in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity mice and possible transcriptional impact were investigated...
February 6, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
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