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bilirubin AND diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134981/biochemical-hormonal-and-histological-changes-in-prostate-of-wistar-rats-following-long-term-streptozotocin-induced-diabetes-mellitus
#1
Bosede Popoola, Olivia Ashefor, Olubukola Akanni, Oluwatosin Adaramoye
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is characterized by hyperglycemia and endocrine disorder. Diabetes mellitus is knownto promote male infertility by affecting sperm quality through altered steroidogenesis. The role of prostatic fluid in maintenance of sperm quality have been established. However, the effect of DM on prostate health is poorly understood.This study was designed to investigate the biochemical, hormonal and histological changes in prostate of male Wistar ratsafter 3- and 5-months DM. Twenty-six adult male Wistar rats were assigned into three groups...
June 30, 2017: Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences: Official Publication of the Physiological Society of Nigeria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062242/impact-of-hepatitis-c-virus-genotype-4-eradication-following-direct-acting-antivirals-on-liver-stiffness-measurement
#2
Mohammed Tag-Adeen, Ahlam Mohamed Sabra, Yuko Akazawa, Ken Ohnita, Kazuhiko Nakao
BACKGROUND: Liver fibrosis is the most important prognostic factor in chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients, and Egypt shows the highest worldwide HCV prevalence with genotype-4 pre-dominance. The aim of this study was to investigate the degree of liver stiffness measurement (LSM) improvement after successful HCV eradication. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 84 chronic HCV Egyptian patients, and was conducted at Qena University Hospital from November 1, 2015 till October 31, 2016...
2017: Hepatic Medicine: Evidence and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982674/haptoglobin-2-2-phenotype-is-associated-with-increased-acute-kidney-injury-after-elective-cardiac-surgery-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#3
Chenzhuo Feng, Bhiken I Naik, Wenjun Xin, Jennie Z Ma, David C Scalzo, Swapna Thammishetti, Robert H Thiele, Zhiyi Zuo, Jacob Raphael
BACKGROUND: Recent studies reported an association between the 2-2 phenotype of haptoglobin (Hp 2-2) and increased cardiorenal morbidity in nonsurgical diabetic patients. Our goal was to determine whether the Hp 2-2 phenotype was associated with acute kidney injury (AKI) after elective cardiac surgery in patients with diabetes mellitus. METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively enrolled 99 diabetic patients requiring elective cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass...
October 5, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968925/restoration-of-plasma-markers-of-liver-and-kidney-functions-integrity-in-alloxan-induced-diabetic-rabbits-by-aqueous-extract-of-pleurotus-tuberregium-sclerotia
#4
Catherine Chidinma Ikewuchi, Jude Chigozie Ikewuchi, Mercy Onuekwuzu Ifeanacho
The effect of aqueous extract of the sclerotia of Pleurotus tuberregium on the plasma electrolytes, and markers of liver and kidney functions/integrity of normal and alloxan-induced rabbits was investigated. Diabetes mellitus was induced by injection of alloxan (120mg/kg body weight), via the marginal ear vein. The extract was administered orally at 100, 200 and 300mg/kg (both to normal and diabetic rabbits), and metformin at 50mg/kg. Gas chromatographic-flame ionization detector analysis of the extract revealed the presence of twelve known phenolic acids, consisting mainly of caffeic acid (80...
November 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958898/the-impact-of-pancreaticoduodenectomy-on-endocrine-and-exocrine-pancreatic-function-a-prospective-cohort-study-based-on-pre-and-postoperative-function-tests
#5
Geert Roeyen, Miet Jansen, Vera Hartman, Thiery Chapelle, Bart Bracke, Dirk Ysebaert, Christophe De Block
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Studies reporting on function after pancreatic surgery are frequently based on diabetes history, fasting glycemia or random glycemia. The aim of this study was to investigate prospectively the evolution of pancreatic function in patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy based on proper pre- and postoperative function tests. It was hypothesised that pancreatic function deteriorates after pancreaticoduodenectomy. METHODS: Between 2013 and 2016, 78 patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy for oncologic indications had a prospective evaluation of their endocrine and exocrine pancreatic function...
September 9, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923438/d-limonene-ameliorates-diabetes-and-its-complications-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#6
Merve Bacanlı, Hatice Gül Anlar, Sevtap Aydın, Tuğbagül Çal, Nuray Arı, Ülkü Ündeğer Bucurgat, A Ahmet Başaran, Nurşen Başaran
It is known that diabetes causes some complications including alterations in lipid profile, hepatic enzyme levels but also it causes oxidative stress. Limonene, a major component of Citrus oils, has important health beneficial effects in lowering the level of oxidative stress due to its antioxidant activity. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of D-limonene on streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes in Wistar albino rats. For this purpose, DNA damage was evaluated by alkaline comet assay. Changes in the activities of catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione reductase (GR) and glutathione peroxidase (GSHPx) and the levels of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), total glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA), insulin, total bilirubin and BCA protein, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), high density lipoprotein (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL), total cholesterol and triglyceride were also evaluated...
September 18, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922725/ameliorative-impact-of-morus-alba-leaves-aqueous-extract-against-embryonic-ophthalmic-tissue-malformation-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#7
Adel M A Assiri, Mohamed E El-Beeh, Ali H Amin, Mohamed Fawzy Ramadan
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is becoming a serious threat to human health. Morus alba var. multicaulis (Perr.) Loudon (Moraceae) showed a bright future in DM therapy. OBJECTIVE: The study evaluates the antioxidant activity of Morus alba leaves aqueous extract (MLAE) and antidiabetic properties of MLAE in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats focusing on the ameliorative effects against embryogenesis defects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MLAE was assayed for bioactive compounds, and antiradical potential...
November 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887918/hepatoprotective-and-hypoglycemic-effects-of-a-tannin-rich-extract-from-ximenia-americana-var-caffra-root
#8
Mansour Sobeh, Mona F Mahmoud, Mohamed A O Abdelfattah, Hesham A El-Beshbishy, Assem M El-Shazly, Michael Wink
BACKGROUND: Liver diseases and diabetes are serious health disorders associated with oxidative stress and ageing. Some plant polyphenols can lower the risk of these diseases. PURPOSE: We investigated the phytochemical profiling of a root extract from Ximenia americana var. caffra using HPLC-PDA-ESI-MS/MS. The antioxidant activities in vitro were investigated. The hepatoprotective activities were studied in rat models with d-galactosamine (d-GaIN)-induced hepatotoxicity and the antidiabetic activities in STZ-diabetic rats were also investigated...
September 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838743/total-serum-bilirubin-and-8-year-incident-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-the-korean-genome-and-epidemiology-study
#9
Y-J Kwon, Y-J Lee, B-J Park, K-W Hong, D-H Jung
AIM: In this study, the impact of serum bilirubin on new-onset type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Korean adults was investigated. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study (KoGES), a population-based prospective cohort study. The study enrolled 8650 adults (4015 men and 4635 women), aged 40 to 69 years, who underwent a mean follow-up of 8.4 years. The study population was divided into quartiles (Q) of serum bilirubin levels, with cut-off points at 0...
August 21, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834701/bilirubin-concentration-is-positively-associated-with-haemoglobin-concentration-and-inversely-associated-with-albumin-to-creatinine-ratio-among-indigenous-australians-egfr-study
#10
J T Hughes, F Barzi, W E Hoy, G R D Jones, G Rathnayake, S W Majoni, M A B Thomas, A Sinha, A Cass, R J MacIsaac, K O'Dea, L J Maple-Brown
Low serum bilirubin concentrations are reported to be strongly associated with cardio-metabolic disease, but this relationship has not been reported among Indigenous Australian people who are known to be at high risk for diabetes and chronic kidney disease (CKD). HYPOTHESIS: serum bilirubin will be negatively associated with markers of chronic disease, including CKD and anaemia among Indigenous Australians. METHOD: A cross-sectional analysis of 594 adult Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (TSI) people in good health or with diabetes and markers of CKD...
August 20, 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757134/effects-of-combined-inositol-hexakisphosphate-and-inositol-supplement-on-antioxidant-activity-and-metabolic-enzymes-in-the-liver-of-streptozotocin-induced-type-2-diabetic-rats
#11
Shadae R Foster, Lowell L Dilworth, Rory K Thompson, Ruby L Alexander-Lindo, Felix O Omoruyi
Diabetes mellitus is associated with elevated reactive oxygen species, lipid abnormalities, reduced antioxidant activity and organ damage. This study examines the effects of combined inositol hexakisphosphate (IP6) and inositol supplement on antioxidant levels and other biochemical parameters in the liver of type 2 diabetic rats. Five groups of Sprague-Dawley rats were studied. Six rats were fed normal diet (non-diabetic control), while 24 rats were fed high-fat diet (HFD) for 4 weeks. Diabetes was induced in 18 of the rats fed HFD by intraperitoneal administration of streptozotocin...
September 25, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756960/influence-of-apical-periodontitis-on-stress-oxidative-parameters-in-diabetic-rats
#12
Annelise Katrine Carrara Prieto, João Eduardo Gomes-Filho, Mariane Maffei Azuma, Gustavo Sivieri-Araújo, Luis Gustavo Narciso, Jucilene Conceição Souza, Paulo César Ciarlini, Luciano Tavares Angelo Cintra
INTRODUCTION: In this study, we investigated if apical periodontitis (AP) associated with diabetes influenced the levels of endogenous antioxidants, the total antioxidant capacity (TAC), and the oxidant parameter in the serum of Wistar rats. METHODS: Forty male rats were divided into 4 equal groups: normal rats (N), rats with AP (AP), diabetic rats (D), and diabetic rats with AP (D + AP). Diabetes was induced by alloxan (150 mg/kg). AP was induced by exposing the pulpal tissue to the oral environment...
October 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740070/surgery-for-infective-endocarditis-outcomes-and-predictors-of-mortality-in-360-consecutive-patients
#13
Mina Farag, Tobias Borst, Anton Sabashnikov, Mohamed Zeriouh, Bastian Schmack, Rawa Arif, Carsten J Beller, Aron-Frederik Popov, Klaus Kallenbach, Arjang Ruhparwar, Pascal M Dohmen, Gábor Szabó, Matthias Karck, Alexander Weymann
BACKGROUND A retrospective analysis was conducted of the early and long-term outcomes after surgery for infective endocarditis (IE). MATERIAL AND METHODS We included 360 patients with IE operated upon between 1993 and 2012. The primary endpoint was overall cumulative postoperative survival at 30 days. Secondary endpoints were early postoperative outcomes and complication rates. Factors associated with 30-day mortality were analyzed. RESULTS Mean age was 58.7±14.7 years and 26.9% (n=97) were female. The mean follow-up was 4...
July 25, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709978/the-severity-grading-of-acute-cholecystitis-following-the-tokyo-guidelines-is-the-most-powerful-predictive-factor-for-conversion-from-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-to-open-cholecystectomy
#14
M Bouassida, M F Chtourou, H Charrada, S Zribi, L Hamzaoui, M M Mighri, H Touinsi
BACKGROUND: The relationship between the severity assessment of acute cholecystitis based on the Tokyo Guidelines and the risk for conversion from laparoscopic surgery to open surgery has been assessed in few previous reports, with conflicting results. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients with acute cholecystitis within a single system from 2010 to 2013 was performed. The diagnosis and severity of acute cholecystitis were assigned by the Tokyo Guidelines 2013 (TG13)...
September 2017: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691429/effectiveness-of-bariatric-procedures-based-on-selected-laboratory-parameters-of-patients-from-rural-areas-in-polish-population
#15
Regina Sierżantowicz, Jolanta Lewko, Lech Trochimowicz, Bożena Kirpsza, Jacek Dadan, Hady Razak Hady
BACKGROUND: The latter are inhabited by over 15 million people, i.e. 39.5% of Polish population, including about 5 million rural residents in the Podlaskie voivodeship. The incidence of obesity is associated with increased prevalence of obesity-related conditions. The conducted studies do not confirm the efficacy of conservative treatment obesity, but show that bariatric procedures produce the best long-term results. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to present the effects of bariatric obesity treatment (LAGB, SG, RYGB) on body mass index (BMI), selected diabetes control parameters, dyslipidemia, hepatic and renal enzymes, blood count, and hypertension control...
June 27, 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656099/effects-of-synbiotic-food-consumption-on-serum-minerals-liver-enzymes-and-blood-pressure-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-double-blind-randomized-cross-over-controlled-clinical-trial
#16
Zatollah Asemi, Mohammad Hossein Aarabi, Mohammad Hajijafari, Sabihe-Alsadat Alizadeh, Reza Razzaghi, Majid Mazoochi, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh
BACKGROUND: This research was to examine the effects of synbiotic intake on minerals, liver enzymes, and blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: This randomized, cross-over clinical trial was performed among 62 diabetic patients. Persons were randomly assigned to intake either a synbiotic (n = 62) or a control food (n = 62) for 6 weeks. A 3-week washout period was applied following which persons were crossed over to the alternate intervention arm for an additional 6 weeks...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560862/low-serum-bilirubin-level-predicts-the-development-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Kang Hee Ahn, Sang Soo Kim, Won Jin Kim, Jong Ho Kim, Yun Jeong Nam, Su Bin Park, Yun Kyung Jeon, Bo Hyun Kim, In Joo Kim, Yong Ki Kim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We evaluated whether serum bilirubin levels can predict the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: This was a retrospective observational longitudinal study of patients presenting at the Pusan National University Hospital. A total of 349 patients with T2DM and preserved kidney function (estimated glomerular filtration rate ≥ 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2)) were enrolled. The main outcome was the development of CKD stage 3 or greater...
September 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553763/clinical-characteristics-of-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-and-fatty-liver-diagnosed-by-liver-spleen-hounsfield-units-on-ct-scan
#18
Kosuke Sakitani, Kenichiro Enooku, Hirokazu Kubo, Akifumi Tanaka, Hisakatsu Arai, Shoji Kawazu, Kazuhiko Koike
Objective The leading cause of liver injuries in diabetes mellitus may be associated with fatty liver. We aimed to elucidate the relationship between fatty liver and diabetes characteristics. Methods Retrospectively, 970 patients with diabetes were analysed. Fatty liver was diagnosed when the liver/spleen Hounsfield unit ratio by computed tomography was below 0.9. Clinical diabetes characteristics were compared between patients with and without fatty liver. Results Of 970 patients (717 male and 253 female; mean age 64...
June 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523523/serum-bilirubin-levels-are-negatively-associated-with-diabetic-retinopathy-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-and-normal-renal-function
#19
Tomislav Bulum, Martina Tomić, Lea Duvnjak
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies suggested that total serum bilirubin levels are negatively associated with diabetic retinopathy (DR) and nephropathy in patients with diabetes mellitus. The objective of this study was to explore the relationship between serum total bilirubin levels and prevalence of DR in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) and normal renal function. METHODS: Study included 163 T1DM with normal renal function (urinary albumin excretion rate <30 mg/24 h, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) >60 ml min(-1)1...
May 18, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403090/anemia-bilirubin-and-cardiovascular-autonomic-neuropathy-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#20
Jin Ook Chung, Seon-Young Park, Dong Hyeok Cho, Dong Jin Chung, Min Young Chung
To investigate the relationship among anemia, physiological serum bilirubin levels, and cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) in subjects with type 2 diabetes. In total, 2230 subjects with type 2 diabetes were evaluated in this cross-sectional study. CAN was diagnosed with a cardiovascular reflex test. The prevalence of anemia was greater in subjects with CAN. In multivariable analysis, the relationship between anemia and CAN remained statistically significant after adjusting for the risk factors (odds ratio [OR] 1...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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