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Eagles syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785676/asymmetry-of-the-greater-cornua-of-the-hyoid-bone-and-the-superior-thyroid-cornua-a-case-report
#1
Miroslav Radunovic, Batric Vukcevic, Nemanja Radojevic
The hyoid bone consists of a body and two pairs of processes: the greater cornua (GC) and the lesser cornua. The GC is connected to the superior thyroid cornu (STC) by the lateral thyrohyoid ligament. The GC and the STC share a common embryological origin from the third pharyngeal arch. During anatomical dissection of a male cadaver of 56 years of age, a combined variation of the GC and the STC was found. The left GC was 27.7 mm long, and the right GC was 30 mm long. The left GC axis was in the same plane as the hyoid body, while an angle of 33° was between the right GC axis and the hyoid body plane...
May 21, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764674/surgical-management-of-patients-with-eagle-syndrome
#2
Frances Mei Hardin, Roy Xiao, Brian B Burkey
OBJECTIVE: Eagle syndrome, a spectrum of disease resulting from an elongated styloid process and/or calcified stylohyoid ligament, lacks standardized recommendations regarding indications for surgical intervention and approach. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Single tertiary care institution. SUBJECTS: Patients treated surgically for Eagle syndrome between January 2011 and June 2017. METHODS: Patients were diagnosed with Eagle syndrome based on thorough clinical workup and assessment...
May 9, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682475/malperfusion-syndromes-in-type-a-aortic-dissection-what-we-have-learned-from-irad
#3
REVIEW
Paolo Berretta, Santi Trimarchi, Himanshu J Patel, Thomas G Gleason, Kim A Eagle, Marco Di Eusanio
Patients presenting with type A acute aortic dissection (TAAD) complicated by malperfusion syndromes represent one of the highest surgical risk cohorts for cardiovascular surgeons. In the setting of aortic dissection, end-organ ischemia may involve any of the major arterial side branches resulting in myocardial, cerebral, spinal cord, visceral and/or limb ischemia. In TAAD patients with malperfusion, notwithstanding continuous improvement in diagnostic and management strategies, surgical and clinical outcomes remain poor and the optimal therapy is controversial...
2018: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656120/systemic-inflammatory-response-syndromes-in-the-era-of-interventional-cardiology
#4
REVIEW
Riccardo Gorla, Raimund Erbel, Kim A Eagle, Eduardo Bossone
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), initially reported after cardiovascular surgery, has been described after various interventional cardiology procedures, including endovascular/thoracic aortic repair (EVAR/TEVAR), implantation of heart rhythm devices, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), electrophysiology procedures (EP), and transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). In these settings, a comprehensive understanding of the triggers, pathogenesis as well as a common diagnostic/therapeutic algorithm is lacking and will be discussed in this review...
April 12, 2018: Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622373/antidepressants-appear-safe-in-patients-with-carcinoid-tumor-results-of-a-restrospective-review
#5
Elie Isenberg-Grzeda, Meredith MacGregor, Afton Bergel, Stacy Eagle, Fernando Espi-Forcen, Reema Mehta, Konstantina Matsoukas, Jonathan Wills, Diane Reidy-Lagunes, Yesne Alici
INTRODUCTION: Patients living with neuroendocrine tumors have high rates of depression, often necessitating antidepressants, including selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI). Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) secrete vasoactive substances, including serotonin, which contribute to the cluster of symptoms known as carcinoid syndrome (flushing and diarrhea). Controversy exists over whether or not antidepressants are safe in NET. We aimed to study the safety of antidepressant use in NET patients...
March 21, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598863/presenting-systolic-blood-pressure-and-outcomes-in-patients-with-acute-aortic-dissection
#6
Eduardo Bossone, Riccardo Gorla, Troy M LaBounty, Toru Suzuki, Dan Gilon, Craig Strauss, Andrea Ballotta, Himanshu J Patel, Arturo Evangelista, Marek P Ehrlich, Stuart Hutchison, Eva Kline-Rogers, Daniel G Montgomery, Christoph A Nienaber, Eric M Isselbacher, Kim A Eagle
BACKGROUND: Presenting systolic blood pressure (SBP) is a powerful predictor of mortality in many cardiovascular settings, including acute coronary syndromes, cardiogenic shock, and acute heart failure. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the association of presenting SBP with in-hospital outcomes, specifically all-cause mortality, in acute aortic dissection (AAD). METHODS: The study included 6,238 consecutive patients (4,167 with type A and 2,071 with type B AAD) enrolled in the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection...
April 3, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595704/the-role-of-3d-printing-technology-in-the-diagnosis-of-eagle-syndrome-a-case-report
#7
Dong Hoon Lee, Tae Mi Yoon, Joon Kyoo Lee, Sang Chul Lim
RATIONALE: Eagle syndrome is a rare clinical condition that can be associated with elongation of the styloid process. PATIENT CONCERN: A 55-year-old man was presented with vague throat discomfort for several years. DIAGNOSIS: 3-dimentional (3D) computed tomography (CT) reconstruction, and printing revealed bilateral elongated styloid processes. INTERVENTIONS: The patient has been treated medically, and continues to demonstrate improvement with conservative treatment for 2 years...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593926/chronological-progression-of-an-enlarged-styloid-process-a-case-report-of-eagle-syndrome
#8
Daisuke Maki, Kenji Okami, Koji Ebisumoto, Akihiro Sakai
Eagle syndrome is characterized by an elongated styloid process. However, the time frame over which the styloid process becomes elongated and extends is unknown. How the condition worsens over time is also unclear. To date, there has been no report describing the chronologic change that occurs in the styloid process in Eagle syndrome. We describe a 53-year-old patient with Eagle syndrome in whom the styloid process enlarged progressively over time and the elongated styloid process fused with the hyoid bone...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581952/fractured-styloid-process-masquerading-as-neck-pain-cone-beam-computed-tomography-investigation-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Hassan M Khan, Andrew D Fraser, Steven Daws, Jaisri Thoppay, Mel Mupparapu
Historically, Eagle syndrome is a term that has been used to describe radiating pain in the orofacial region, foreign body sensation, and/or dysphagia due to a unilateral or bilateral elongated styloid process impinging upon the tonsillar region. Because elongated styloid processes-with or without associated Eagle syndrome-can present with various symptoms and radiographic findings, it can be challenging for healthcare practitioners to formulate an accurate diagnosis. Abnormal styloid anatomy can lead to a multitude of symptoms, including chronic orofacial/neck pain, thus masquerading as more commonly diagnosed conditions...
March 2018: Imaging Science in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567025/endovascular-thoracic-aortic-repair-in-confirmed-or-suspected-genetically-triggered-thoracic-aortic-dissection
#10
Sherene Shalhub, Kim A Eagle, Federico M Asch, Scott A LeMaire, Dianna M Milewicz
OBJECTIVE: Endovascular repair in patients with connective tissues disorders is not recommended because of concern for repair failure. The aim of this study was to investigate thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) outcomes in patients with confirmed or suspected syndromic and nonsyndromic genetically triggered thoracic aortic dissection. METHODS: We analyzed data for patients with descending thoracic aorta (DTA) dissection treated with TEVAR from the National Registry of Genetically Triggered Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms and Cardiovascular Conditions (GenTAC)...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556590/the-role-of-vascular-laboratory-in-the-management-of-eagle-syndrome
#11
Prince C Esiobu, Mi Jin Yoo, Erin M Kirkham, R Eugene Zierler, Benjamin W Starnes, Matthew P Sweet
Eagle syndrome is caused by an elongated styloid process or calcified stylohyoid ligament. The stylocarotid variant with neurologic symptoms is rare and presents a diagnostic challenge. Patients may present with transient ischemic attacks, syncope, or less well defined symptoms like episodic dizziness. We report use of vascular laboratory testing in the management of Eagle syndrome. In one patient, on Doppler ultrasound examination of the ipsilateral temporal artery, the signal was lost with provocative neck flexion...
March 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496223/a-truncated-temporal-styloid-process-from-the-jordanian-ottoman-period-developmental-variant-or-fracture
#12
Margaret A Judd
Styloid process (SP) development and its role in an individual's lived experience plays a negligible role in paleopathological research, although a handful of possible Eagle's syndrome cases have been reported. Here, the development of the stylohyoid chain and the medical research of SP variants are reviewed to inform the differential diagnosis of a probable SP fracture in a young adult male associated with the Ottoman Period (13-19thC) in Jordan. The fracture surface of the right SP is smooth rather than irregular, the coloration is uniform with the surrounding cortical bone staining, and no new bone formation is visible...
March 2018: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489579/a-rare-cause-of-recurrent-cerebral-ischemia-and-syncope-eagle-syndrome
#13
Kemal Koray Bal, Onur Ismi, Kaan Esen, Ibrahim Arda Yilmaz, Yusuf Vayisoglu
Eagle syndrome is defined as symptomatic elongation of the styloid process or calcification of the stylohyoid and stilomandibular ligament. The syndrome was described by WW Eagle in 1937. The styloid process is located between the internal and external carotid arteries and laterally in the tonsillar fossa. Patients with cerebrovascular ischemia causing syncope or hemiparesia due to Eagle syndrome are rarely published in the literature. The authors presented a patient with recurrent cerebrovascular attacks due to long styloid process...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462676/an-autopsy-case-of-nearly-complete-ossification-of-the-stylohyoid-chain-eagle-syndrome-in-forensic-aspect
#14
Hideaki Kato, Sanae Kanno, Jun Ohtaki, Yoshimi Nakamura, Katsumasa Kobayashi, Yasuhiro Aoki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2018: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410761/elongated-styloid-process-an-epidemiological-study-on-digital-panoramic-radiographs
#15
Giovanni Bruno, Alberto De Stefani, Paolo Balasso, Sergio Mazzoleni, Antonio Gracco
Background: The styloid process is a projecton of the temporal bone, its lenght is between 20 to 30 mm, when it is longer than 30 mm it is defined elongated styloid process. The aim of this study is an epidemiological evaluation of 1003 digital panoramic radiographs in an Italian population between 5 and 90 years old. Material and Methods: This is a retrospective analysis and the radiographs were selected from the Complex Operating Unit of Dentistry of Padua University Hospital database...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395278/tonsillectomy-sparing-transoral-robot-assisted-styloidectomy
#16
Sameep Kadakia, Ameya Jategaonkar, Ansley Roche, Raymond L Chai
Eagle Syndrome can present with a variety of symptoms and be caused by an elongated styloid process or calcified stylohyoid ligament. Patients failing medical management of this disorder may be treated with surgical excision of the styloid process. In the literature, transoral and transcervical approach have both been described. Although transoral approaches typically begin with a tonsillectomy, tonsil-sparing approaches have also been utilized. With the advent of robotic surgery, the potential for a tonsillectomy sparing approach has become a feasible alternative, preventing the pain and morbidity associated with adult tonsillectomy while continuing to provide superior exposure and instrumentation...
March 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370979/bilateral-ischemic-stroke-due-to-carotid-artery-compression-by-abnormally-elongated-styloid-process-at-both-sides-a-case-report
#17
Sina Jelodar, Hesam Ghadirian, Mehdi Ketabchi, Sanaz Ahmadi Karvigh, Maysam Alimohamadi
Abnormal elongation of styloid process (Eagle syndrome) may cause compression of the adjacent structures in the neck, the most important of which is the carotid artery. This condition may cause damage to the wall of carotid artery and result in cerebrovascular ischemic event. Bilateral carotid artery damage and cerebral stroke because of overgrown styloid processes at both sides is a rare condition. In this article, we report a case of bilateral ischemic stroke because of carotid compression by elongated styloid process at both sides treated by surgical resection of both processes...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357395/expansion-of-the-classification-system-for-eagle-syndrome
#18
Radoslaw Kazmierski, Malgorzata Wierzbicka, Ewa Kotecka-Sowinska, Jacek Banaszewski, Mikolaj A Pawlak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 23, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356335/pediatric-patient-with-end-stage-kidney-disease-secondary-to-eagle-barrett-syndrome-and-metastatic-unresectable-hepatoblastoma-treated-successfully-with-chemotherapy-and-liver-kidney-transplant
#19
Daniel Ortiz, Avis Harden, Fernando F Corrales-Medina, Gaurav Saigal, Akin Tekin, Jennifer Garcia
HBL is the most common malignant liver neoplasm in children. The etiology of HBL is largely unknown but there are certain syndromes, such as Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, that have been clearly associated with an increased incidence of this malignancy. EBS, also known as prune belly syndrome, is a congenital anomaly characterized by lax abdominal musculature, bilateral cryptorchidism requiring, in some cases, hemodialysis due to significant kidney and urinary tract dysfunctions. Despite an improvement on the survival rates of patients with advanced-stage HBL, the presence of concomitant end-stage renal disease that occurs in patients with EBS constitutes a therapeutic challenge for the clinician not only due to the use of nephrotoxic chemotherapy but also due to the potential need for multi-organ transplant...
March 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327731/transoral-robotic-surgery-in-eagle-s-syndrome-our-experience-on-four-patients
#20
D H Kim, Y H Lee, D Cha, S H Kim
Eagle's syndrome is characterised by focal pain in the tonsillar fossa on wide mouth opening or head rotation and various accompanying symptoms. While the syndrome is difficult to diagnose, shortening the styloid process via a transoral or transcervical surgical approach has been shown to be the most effective treatment. The aim of this article was to document our experience with a transoral robotic approach to treat Eagle's syndrome and to present the outcomes of four patients. We reviewed the cases of four patients with Eagle's syndrome who underwent transoral robotic surgery (TORS)...
December 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
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