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Eagles syndrome

Margaret A Judd
Styloid process (SP) development and its role in an individual's lived experience plays a negligible role in paleopathological research, although a handful of possible Eagle's syndrome cases have been reported. Here, the development of the stylohyoid chain and the medical research of SP variants are reviewed to inform the differential diagnosis of a probable SP fracture in a young adult male associated with the Ottoman Period (13-19thC) in Jordan. The fracture surface of the right SP is smooth rather than irregular, the coloration is uniform with the surrounding cortical bone staining, and no new bone formation is visible...
March 2018: International Journal of Paleopathology
Kemal Koray Bal, Onur Ismi, Kaan Esen, Ibrahim Arda Yilmaz, Yusuf Vayisoglu
Eagle syndrome is defined as symptomatic elongation of the styloid process or calcification of the stylohyoid and stilomandibular ligament. The syndrome was described by WW Eagle in 1937. The styloid process is located between the internal and external carotid arteries and laterally in the tonsillar fossa. Patients with cerebrovascular ischemia causing syncope or hemiparesia due to Eagle syndrome are rarely published in the literature. The authors presented a patient with recurrent cerebrovascular attacks due to long styloid process...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Hideaki Kato, Sanae Kanno, Jun Ohtaki, Yoshimi Nakamura, Katsumasa Kobayashi, Yasuhiro Aoki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2018: Legal Medicine
Giovanni Bruno, Alberto De Stefani, Paolo Balasso, Sergio Mazzoleni, Antonio Gracco
Background: The styloid process is a projecton of the temporal bone, its lenght is between 20 to 30 mm, when it is longer than 30 mm it is defined elongated styloid process. The aim of this study is an epidemiological evaluation of 1003 digital panoramic radiographs in an Italian population between 5 and 90 years old. Material and Methods: This is a retrospective analysis and the radiographs were selected from the Complex Operating Unit of Dentistry of Padua University Hospital database...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Sameep Kadakia, Ameya Jategaonkar, Ansley Roche, Raymond L Chai
Eagle Syndrome can present with a variety of symptoms and be caused by an elongated styloid process or calcified stylohyoid ligament. Patients failing medical management of this disorder may be treated with surgical excision of the styloid process. In the literature, transoral and transcervical approach have both been described. Although transoral approaches typically begin with a tonsillectomy, tonsil-sparing approaches have also been utilized. With the advent of robotic surgery, the potential for a tonsillectomy sparing approach has become a feasible alternative, preventing the pain and morbidity associated with adult tonsillectomy while continuing to provide superior exposure and instrumentation...
January 23, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Sina Jelodar, Hesam Ghadirian, Mehdi Ketabchi, Sanaz Ahmadi Karvigh, Maysam Alimohamadi
Abnormal elongation of styloid process (Eagle syndrome) may cause compression of the adjacent structures in the neck, the most important of which is the carotid artery. This condition may cause damage to the wall of carotid artery and result in cerebrovascular ischemic event. Bilateral carotid artery damage and cerebral stroke because of overgrown styloid processes at both sides is a rare condition. In this article, we report a case of bilateral ischemic stroke because of carotid compression by elongated styloid process at both sides treated by surgical resection of both processes...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Radoslaw Kazmierski, Malgorzata Wierzbicka, Ewa Kotecka-Sowinska, Jacek Banaszewski, Mikolaj A Pawlak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 23, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
Daniel Ortiz, Avis Harden, Fernando F Corrales-Medina, Gaurav Saigal, Akin Tekin, Jennifer Garcia
HBL is the most common malignant liver neoplasm in children. The etiology of HBL is largely unknown but there are certain syndromes, such as Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, that have been clearly associated with an increased incidence of this malignancy. EBS, also known as prune belly syndrome, is a congenital anomaly characterized by lax abdominal musculature, bilateral cryptorchidism requiring, in some cases, hemodialysis due to significant kidney and urinary tract dysfunctions. Despite an improvement on the survival rates of patients with advanced-stage HBL, the presence of concomitant end-stage renal disease that occurs in patients with EBS constitutes a therapeutic challenge for the clinician not only due to the use of nephrotoxic chemotherapy but also due to the potential need for multi-organ transplant...
January 22, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
D H Kim, Y H Lee, D Cha, S H Kim
Eagle's syndrome is characterised by focal pain in the tonsillar fossa on wide mouth opening or head rotation and various accompanying symptoms. While the syndrome is difficult to diagnose, shortening the styloid process via a transoral or transcervical surgical approach has been shown to be the most effective treatment. The aim of this article was to document our experience with a transoral robotic approach to treat Eagle's syndrome and to present the outcomes of four patients. We reviewed the cases of four patients with Eagle's syndrome who underwent transoral robotic surgery (TORS)...
December 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
Yoshitaka Tomoda, Kaoru Ichida, Satoshi Kagawa, Satoshi Kurata, Kazutoyo Tanaka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2018: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
Abdulrahman Aldakkan, Marshall Dunn, Nebras M Warsi, Alireza Mansouri, Thomas R Marotta
We report two cases of Vascular Eagle's Syndrome, which demonstrate two distinct mechanisms of cerebral ischemia. In the first case, hemodynamic transient cerebral ischemia arose as a direct result of compression of the internal carotid artery (ICA). In the second, embolic large left middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarction as a result of a thrombus from a pseudoaneurysmal dilatation of the left ICA.
August 2017: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
Bernadette S de Bakker, Henri M de Bakker, Vidija Soerdjbalie-Maikoe, Frederik G Dikkers
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The hyoid-larynx complex is highly prone to anatomical variation. The etiology of anatomical variants such as Eagle's syndrome and the aberrant hyoid apparatus can be explained from embryonic development. Modern textbooks state that the hyoid bone body develops from the second and third pharyngeal arch cartilages, and that thyroid cartilage derives from the fourth and sixth arch cartilages. This description, however, is incompatible with various anatomical variants, and it is unclear whether it was based on observations in human embryos or on comparative embryology...
December 8, 2017: Laryngoscope
Alba Ana, M Perez Andrés, Ponder Julia, Puig Pedro, Wünschmann Arno, Vander Waal Kimberly, Alvarez Julio, Willette Michelle
BACKGROUND: Wildlife rehabilitation centers routinely gather health-related data from diverse species. Their capability to signal the occurrence of emerging pathogens and improve traditional surveillance remains largely unexplored. This paper assessed the utility for syndromic surveillance of raptors admitted to The Raptor Center (TRC) to signal circulation of West Nile Virus (WNV) in Minnesota between 1990 and 2014. An exhaustive descriptive analysis using grouping time series structures and models of interrupted times series was conducted for indicator subsets...
November 29, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
Nansi S Boghossian, Robert J Sicko, Andreas Giannakou, Aggeliki Dimopoulos, Michele Caggana, Michael Y Tsai, Edwina H Yeung, Nathan Pankratz, Benjamin R Cole, Paul A Romitti, Marilyn L Browne, Ruzong Fan, Aiyi Liu, Denise M Kay, James L Mills
Prune belly syndrome (PBS), also known as Eagle-Barrett syndrome, is a rare congenital disorder characterized by absence or hypoplasia of the abdominal wall musculature, urinary tract anomalies, and cryptorchidism in males. The etiology of PBS is largely unresolved, but genetic factors are implicated given its recurrence in families. We examined cases of PBS to identify novel pathogenic copy number variants (CNVs). A total of 34 cases (30 males and 4 females) with PBS identified from all live births in New York State (1998-2005) were genotyped using Illumina HumanOmni2...
March 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
Shintaro Sukegawa, Takahiro Kanno, Akio Yoshimoto, Kenichi Matsumoto, Yuka Sukegawa-Takahashi, Masanori Masui, Yoshihiko Furuki
BACKGROUND: Elongated styloid process syndrome (Eagle's syndrome) is the term given to the symptomatic elongation of the styloid process or the mineralization of the stylohyoid or stylomandibular ligament. The two commonly used approaches for the surgical treatment of this syndrome are the transcervical and transoral approaches. Both have their limitations and specific intraoperative risks. Here, we report the treatment of a patient with Eagle's syndrome using the transoral approach in conjunction with piezoelectric surgery, surgical planning, and intraoperative navigation to reduce the risk of complications...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Eduardo Bossone, Troy M LaBounty, Kim A Eagle
Acute aortic syndromes (AAS) encompass a constellation of life-threatening medical conditions including classic acute aortic dissection (AAD), intramural haematoma, and penetrating atherosclerotic aortic ulcer. Given the non-specific symptoms and physical signs, a high clinical index of suspicion is necessary to detect the disease before irreversible lethal complications occur. In order to reduce the diagnostic time delay, a comprehensive flowchart for decision-making based on pre-test sensitivity of AAS has been designed by the European Society of Cardiology guidelines on aortic diseases and should be thus applied in the emergency scenario...
June 30, 2017: European Heart Journal
Firat Elmas, Bikash L Shrestha
A 35-year-old man presented to the ear, nose, and throat clinic with sharp neck pain and a sensation of having a foreign body in the throat, symptoms that had developed during the past year. At times the pain extended to his right ear. He had no pain or difficulty on swallowing. On physical..
September 28, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
Hrvoje Budinčević, Marina Milosevic, Tomislav Pavlovic
We report a patient in whom mechanical compression of the internal carotid artery by a giant external carotid artery pseudoaneurysm caused a stroke. This was a case of vascular Eagle syndrome due to the impingement of an elongated styloid process on the external carotid artery with subsequent dissection and formation of a pseudoaneurysm. Carotid ultrasonographic examination allowed distinguishing the pseudoaneurysm from other vascular and solid masses of the neck.
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Peter C Emary, Marshall Dornink, John A Taylor
Published case studies involving diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) along with symptomatic ossification of the stylohyoid ligament, or "Eagle syndrome," are rare. In this report, we document a case of bilateral Eagle syndrome and advanced DISH in the cervical spine of an 80-year-old man who presented with severe neck stiffness and intermittent asphyxia. The key imaging and clinical features of this disorder are also described.
August 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
YaLi Liu, Huaian Yang, Xiangguo Cui
Eagle syndrome is characterized by recurrent pain in the oropharynx and face due to an elongated styloid process or calcified stylohyoid ligament. In this article, we experienced a case of an elongated styloid process which is very rare in size and detailed treatment process. The patient was a 53-year-old Chinese woman with a chief complaint of frequent episodes of radiating pain in left preauricular region for 2 years. An intraoral approach was chosen to shorten part of her styloid process, and the chief complaint disappeared immediately after the operation...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Ear, Nose and Throat
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