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Styloid process

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675678/anthropometric-and-clinical-analysis-of-the-distal-ulna-and-extensor-carpi-ulnaris-tendon-using-mri
#1
Ugur Toprak, Sefa Turkoglu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the ulnar groove (UG), extensor carpi ulnaris (ECU) tendon, and ulnar styloid process (USP) parameters in asymptomatic individuals without ulnar-sided wrist abnormalities, to determine whether these values can be anthropometric markers of age and gender and identify their correlations for use in clinical decision-making. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The MRI T1W axial, T2W sagittal, coronal PW and DESS sequences were evaluated in 100 cases (62 women)...
April 19, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628738/calcification-of-the-stylohyoid-complex-in-libyans
#2
Galal Omami
Objective: To investigate the prevalence and pattern of calcification of the stylohyoid complex in Libyan population. Material and methods: Archived digital panoramic radiographs of 3343 patients were collected; 181 images were excluded for underage or poor image quality. Thus, the images of 3162 patients (1081 men, 2081 women; women-to-men ratio, 2:1; age range, 16-68 years; mean age, 36.7 years) retrieved and assigned to one of four morphological patterns of the stylohyoid complex: regular, elongated, calcified, and undetected...
April 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595704/the-role-of-3d-printing-technology-in-the-diagnosis-of-eagle-syndrome-a-case-report
#3
Dong Hoon Lee, Tae Mi Yoon, Joon Kyoo Lee, Sang Chul Lim
RATIONALE: Eagle syndrome is a rare clinical condition that can be associated with elongation of the styloid process. PATIENT CONCERN: A 55-year-old man was presented with vague throat discomfort for several years. DIAGNOSIS: 3-dimentional (3D) computed tomography (CT) reconstruction, and printing revealed bilateral elongated styloid processes. INTERVENTIONS: The patient has been treated medically, and continues to demonstrate improvement with conservative treatment for 2 years...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593926/chronological-progression-of-an-enlarged-styloid-process-a-case-report-of-eagle-syndrome
#4
Daisuke Maki, Kenji Okami, Koji Ebisumoto, Akihiro Sakai
Eagle syndrome is characterized by an elongated styloid process. However, the time frame over which the styloid process becomes elongated and extends is unknown. How the condition worsens over time is also unclear. To date, there has been no report describing the chronologic change that occurs in the styloid process in Eagle syndrome. We describe a 53-year-old patient with Eagle syndrome in whom the styloid process enlarged progressively over time and the elongated styloid process fused with the hyoid bone...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581952/fractured-styloid-process-masquerading-as-neck-pain-cone-beam-computed-tomography-investigation-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Hassan M Khan, Andrew D Fraser, Steven Daws, Jaisri Thoppay, Mel Mupparapu
Historically, Eagle syndrome is a term that has been used to describe radiating pain in the orofacial region, foreign body sensation, and/or dysphagia due to a unilateral or bilateral elongated styloid process impinging upon the tonsillar region. Because elongated styloid processes-with or without associated Eagle syndrome-can present with various symptoms and radiographic findings, it can be challenging for healthcare practitioners to formulate an accurate diagnosis. Abnormal styloid anatomy can lead to a multitude of symptoms, including chronic orofacial/neck pain, thus masquerading as more commonly diagnosed conditions...
March 2018: Imaging Science in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566468/lymphatic-vessel-mapping-in-the-upper-extremities-of-a-healthy-korean-population
#6
Yun-Whan Lee, Soo-Hyun Lee, Hi-Jin You, Jae-A Jung, Eul-Sik Yoon, Deok-Woo Kim
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative indocyanine green (ICG) lymphography can effectively detect functioning lymph vessels in edematous limbs. However, it is sometimes difficult to clearly identify their course in later-stage edematous limbs. For this reason, many surgeons rely on experience when they decide where to make the skin incision to locate the lymphatic vessels. The purpose of this study was to elucidate lymphatic vessel flow patterns in healthy upper extremities in a Korean population and to use these findings as a reference for lymphedema treatment...
March 2018: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564051/where-is-the-ulnar-styloid-process-identification-of-the-absolute-location-of-the-ulnar-styloid-process-based-on-ct-and-verification-of-neutral-forearm-rotation-on-lateral-radiographs-of-the-wrist
#7
Seung-Han Shin, Yong-Suk Lee, Jin-Woo Kang, Dong-Young Noh, Joon-Yong Jung, Yang-Guk Chung
Background: The location of the ulnar styloid process can be confusing because the radius and the hand rotate around the ulna. The purpose of this study was to identify the absolute location of the ulnar styloid process, which is independent of forearm pronation or supination, to use it as a reference for neutral forearm rotation on lateral radiographs of the wrist. Methods: Computed tomography (CT) images of 23 forearms taken with elbow flexion of 70° to 90° were analyzed...
March 2018: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559351/elongated-styloid-process-in-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorders-is-there-a-link
#8
Sebastian Krohn, Phillipp Brockmeyer, Dietmar Kubein-Meesenburg, Christian Kirschneck, Ralf Buergers
BACKGROUND: Elongated styloid processes may display clinical signs that can easily be confused with symptoms associated with temporomandibular disorders (TMD). Thus, the present study aimed to investigate alterations of the styloid process in patients with TMD. METHODS: Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) X-ray images of 192 patients with RDC/TMD diagnoses were examined retrospectively. On each side, the styloid process and mandibular ramus were evaluated regarding length as well as sagittal angulation...
March 17, 2018: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556590/the-role-of-vascular-laboratory-in-the-management-of-eagle-syndrome
#9
Prince C Esiobu, Mi Jin Yoo, Erin M Kirkham, R Eugene Zierler, Benjamin W Starnes, Matthew P Sweet
Eagle syndrome is caused by an elongated styloid process or calcified stylohyoid ligament. The stylocarotid variant with neurologic symptoms is rare and presents a diagnostic challenge. Patients may present with transient ischemic attacks, syncope, or less well defined symptoms like episodic dizziness. We report use of vascular laboratory testing in the management of Eagle syndrome. In one patient, on Doppler ultrasound examination of the ipsilateral temporal artery, the signal was lost with provocative neck flexion...
March 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550376/fractures-of-the-stylomandibular-complex-a-prospective-study-proposing-a-classification-and-clinical-protocol
#10
Elavenil Panneerselvam, Sasikala Balasubramaniam, Aditi Rajendra Sharma, Pathumai Murugadoss, Saravanan Chellappazham, V B Krishnakumar Raja
PURPOSE: Mandibular trauma can result in stylomandibular complex (SMC) fractures with clinical symptoms including glossopharyngeal neuralgia, globus pharyngeus, otalgia, and dysphonia. Fracture of the styloid process is noteworthy because of its proximity to numerous vital structures. The study objectives were 1) to determine the incidence of SMC fractures and develop a clinical grading system and 2) to institute and assess a treatment protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective clinical trial involved 206 patients with mandibular trauma based on a set of inclusion and exclusion criteria...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496223/a-truncated-temporal-styloid-process-from-the-jordanian-ottoman-period-developmental-variant-or-fracture
#11
Margaret A Judd
Styloid process (SP) development and its role in an individual's lived experience plays a negligible role in paleopathological research, although a handful of possible Eagle's syndrome cases have been reported. Here, the development of the stylohyoid chain and the medical research of SP variants are reviewed to inform the differential diagnosis of a probable SP fracture in a young adult male associated with the Ottoman Period (13-19thC) in Jordan. The fracture surface of the right SP is smooth rather than irregular, the coloration is uniform with the surrounding cortical bone staining, and no new bone formation is visible...
March 2018: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489579/a-rare-cause-of-recurrent-cerebral-ischemia-and-syncope-eagle-syndrome
#12
Kemal Koray Bal, Onur Ismi, Kaan Esen, Ibrahim Arda Yilmaz, Yusuf Vayisoglu
Eagle syndrome is defined as symptomatic elongation of the styloid process or calcification of the stylohyoid and stilomandibular ligament. The syndrome was described by WW Eagle in 1937. The styloid process is located between the internal and external carotid arteries and laterally in the tonsillar fossa. Patients with cerebrovascular ischemia causing syncope or hemiparesia due to Eagle syndrome are rarely published in the literature. The authors presented a patient with recurrent cerebrovascular attacks due to long styloid process...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410761/elongated-styloid-process-an-epidemiological-study-on-digital-panoramic-radiographs
#13
Giovanni Bruno, Alberto De Stefani, Paolo Balasso, Sergio Mazzoleni, Antonio Gracco
Background: The styloid process is a projecton of the temporal bone, its lenght is between 20 to 30 mm, when it is longer than 30 mm it is defined elongated styloid process. The aim of this study is an epidemiological evaluation of 1003 digital panoramic radiographs in an Italian population between 5 and 90 years old. Material and Methods: This is a retrospective analysis and the radiographs were selected from the Complex Operating Unit of Dentistry of Padua University Hospital database...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409423/isolated-salter-harris-type-iii-physeal-fracture-of-the-distal-ulna
#14
Kiminori Yukata, Sho Nakai, Masaki Ikeda, Jun-Ichi Hamawaki
We describe a case of isolated physeal fracture of ulna distal end in a 13-year-old boy. This fracture type is uncommon, especially Salter-Harris type III of this injury has not been reported. Plain radiographs showed a small vertical fracture line at the ulnar distal end and an enlargement of epiphyseal plate at the base of ulnar styloid process. The present case was successfully managed with conservative treatment because of its minimal displacement.
March 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395278/tonsillectomy-sparing-transoral-robot-assisted-styloidectomy
#15
Sameep Kadakia, Ameya Jategaonkar, Ansley Roche, Raymond L Chai
Eagle Syndrome can present with a variety of symptoms and be caused by an elongated styloid process or calcified stylohyoid ligament. Patients failing medical management of this disorder may be treated with surgical excision of the styloid process. In the literature, transoral and transcervical approach have both been described. Although transoral approaches typically begin with a tonsillectomy, tonsil-sparing approaches have also been utilized. With the advent of robotic surgery, the potential for a tonsillectomy sparing approach has become a feasible alternative, preventing the pain and morbidity associated with adult tonsillectomy while continuing to provide superior exposure and instrumentation...
March 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370979/bilateral-ischemic-stroke-due-to-carotid-artery-compression-by-abnormally-elongated-styloid-process-at-both-sides-a-case-report
#16
Sina Jelodar, Hesam Ghadirian, Mehdi Ketabchi, Sanaz Ahmadi Karvigh, Maysam Alimohamadi
Abnormal elongation of styloid process (Eagle syndrome) may cause compression of the adjacent structures in the neck, the most important of which is the carotid artery. This condition may cause damage to the wall of carotid artery and result in cerebrovascular ischemic event. Bilateral carotid artery damage and cerebral stroke because of overgrown styloid processes at both sides is a rare condition. In this article, we report a case of bilateral ischemic stroke because of carotid compression by elongated styloid process at both sides treated by surgical resection of both processes...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362286/-bilateral-internal-carotid-artery-dissection-caused-by-elongated-styloid-processes-a-case-report
#17
Toru Takino, Satoshi Shibuma, Yu Kanemaru, Koji Okamura, Aki Oshima, Manami Tazawa, Takeo Nashimoto, Naoto Tsuchiya, Junichi Yoshimura, Kiminori Netsu, Takafumi Saito
We report a case of bilateral internal carotid artery(ICA)dissection associated with bilateral elongated styloid processes(ESPs). A 46-year-old man presented with transient aphasia and left visual disturbance at a business meeting. He complained of a foreign body sensation in his throat during swallowing for two years. Magnetic resonance imaging(MRI)demonstrated fresh small infarcts in the left corona radiata. Magnetic resonance angiography(MRA)revealed string signs bilaterally in the cervical ICAs. The patient was diagnosed with bilateral idiopathic ICA dissection and was treated with ozagrel and clopidogrel...
January 2018: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327731/transoral-robotic-surgery-in-eagle-s-syndrome-our-experience-on-four-patients
#18
D H Kim, Y H Lee, D Cha, S H Kim
Eagle's syndrome is characterised by focal pain in the tonsillar fossa on wide mouth opening or head rotation and various accompanying symptoms. While the syndrome is difficult to diagnose, shortening the styloid process via a transoral or transcervical surgical approach has been shown to be the most effective treatment. The aim of this article was to document our experience with a transoral robotic approach to treat Eagle's syndrome and to present the outcomes of four patients. We reviewed the cases of four patients with Eagle's syndrome who underwent transoral robotic surgery (TORS)...
December 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325888/computed-exophthalmometry-is-an-accurate-and-reproducible-method-for-the-measuring-of-eyeballs-protrusion
#19
Daria S Afanasyeva, Marina B Gushchina, Maxim Y Gerasimov, Sergey A Borzenok
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess reproducibility of the repeated measurements from proposed computed exophthalmometry and to make a comparison with the Hertel exophthalmometer. METHODS: Computed tomography scans of patients with pathological (group 1) and intact orbits (group 2) were included in this retrospective study. In both groups, a single investigator measured a difference of eyeballs' protrusion using the proposed method of computed exophthalmometry...
March 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224195/prevalence-of-soft-tissue-calcifications-in-the-maxillofacial-region-detected-by-cone-beam-ct
#20
Eucaé Miranda Missias, Eduarda Helena Leandro Nascimento, Maria Luiza Dos Anjos Pontual, Andréa Dos Anjos Pontual, Deborah Queiroz Freitas, Danyel Elias da Cruz Perez, Flávia Maria de Moraes Ramos-Perez
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of soft tissue calcifications in cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans with different fields of view (FOV), and to assess its relation with the clinical relevance of the CBCT findings. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One thousand CBCT scans were grouped according to FOV's size and region scanned (MX-FOV, maxilla; MD-FOV, mandible; and MM-FOV, maxilla/mandible) and evaluated for the presence of soft tissue calcifications. Laterality and length of the elongated styloid processes (ESP) were also assessed...
December 10, 2017: Oral Diseases
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