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Styloid process

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530160/eagle-syndrome-a-case-report-of-stylocarotid-syndrome-with-internal-carotid-artery-dissection
#1
Travis W Smoot, Ammar Taha, Nicholas Tarlov, Blake Riebe
Eagle syndrome is defined by an elongated styloid process or a calcified stylohyoid ligament that impinges on surrounding structures and causes a variety of symptoms. Classically, Eagle syndrome presents as neck, throat, or ear pain. The vascular variant, stylocarotid syndrome, can present as headache, transient ischemic attack, or stroke. Carotid artery dissection is a rare complication of stylocarotid syndrome. We report a case of stylocarotid syndrome in a 60-year-old man who presented with a right internal carotid artery (ICA) dissection and focal neurological deficits...
January 1, 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526422/temporary-ipsilateral-stiff-shoulder-after-operative-fixation-of-distal-radial-fractures
#2
Soo Min Cha, Hyun Dae Shin, Sung Jin Hwang
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to identify variables affecting the development of temporary stiff shoulder after operative fixation for distal radial fractures (DRF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study retrospectively analyzed 167 patients who had undergone internal fixation using volar locking plate for DRF between 2010 and 2013. Group 1 was denoted as the "normal group," and group 2 was denoted as the "stiff shoulder group." Basic demographic factors evaluated included age, sex, bone mineral density (BMD), and the dominancy...
June 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503463/optimal-radial-motor-nerve-conduction-study-using-ultrasound-in-healthy-adults
#3
Jungho Yeo, Yuntae Kim, Sooa Kim, Kiyoung Oh, Hyungdong Kang
OBJECTIVE: To obtain reference values, to suggest optimal recording and stimulation site for radial motor nerve conduction study (RmNCS), and to analyze the correlation among RmNCS parameters, demographics and ultrasonography (US) findings. METHODS: A total of 55 volunteers participated in this study. We hypothesized that 'lateral edge of spiral groove (A)' was the optimal stimulation site, and the 'largest cross-sectional area (CSA) of extensor indicis proprius (EIP) muscle (B)' was the optimal recording site...
April 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498070/extracranial-internal-carotid-artery-dissection-caused-by-compression-from-a-giant-osteophyte-due-to-atlantoaxial-osteoarthritis-case-report
#4
Taichi Ikedo, Kazuhito Nakamura, Noritaka Sano, Manabu Nagata, Yumiko Okada, Taichiro Kawakami, Takaho Murata
Deformed osseous structures have been reported as rare causes of extracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) dissection, including the styloid process and the hyoid bone. Here, the authors describe the first known case of symptomatic ICA dissection caused by a giant osteophyte due to atlantoaxial osteoarthritis. The left ICA was fixed at the skull base and at the ICA portion compressed by the osteophyte, and it was highly stretched and injured between the two portions during neck rotation. The patient was successfully treated with ligation of the affected ICA following balloon test occlusion...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489124/retroauricular-pain-caused-by-eagle-syndrome-a-rare-presentation-due-to-compression-by-styloid-process-elongation
#5
Aline Lariessy Campos Paiva, João Luiz Vitorino Araujo, Renan Maximilian Lovato, Joel Augusto Ribeiro Teixeira, Flávio Key Miura, Vinicius Monteiro de Paula Guirado, José Carlos Esteves Veiga
Eagle syndrome is a rare condition presenting with retroauricular pain (usually as main symptom) associated with dysphagia, headache, neck pain on rotation and, much rarelier, stroke. This occurs due to styloid process elongation. Sometimes, there is also styloid ligament calcification, which can cause compression of nerves and arteries and the symptoms above. Treatment can be conservative with pain modulators (e.g. pregabalin) or infiltrations (steroids or anesthetics drugs). In refractory cases, surgical approach aiming to reduce the size of the styloid process can be performed...
March 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468190/eagle-syndrome-an-unusual-cause-limited-mouth-opening-and-surgical-management
#6
Tahrir N Aldelaimi, Saman W Boskani, Shakhawan M Ali, Payman K Mahmud
Eagle syndrome, defined "stylalgia," occurs when an elongated styloid process or calcified stylohyoid ligament causes dysphagia, facial pain recurrent throat pain or foreign body sensation, also associated symptoms such as neck or throat pain with radiation to the ear. The symptoms related to this condition can be confused or misdiagnosed to a wide variety of facial neuralgias. The incidence of Eagle syndrome varies among population. Usually asymptomatic, it occurs in adult patients, and can be diagnosed by physical examination and radiologically...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428920/surgical-strategy-and-techniques-for-low-profile-dorsal-plating-in-treating-dorsally-displaced-unstable-distal-radius-fractures
#7
Yoshitaka Hamada, Hiroyuki Gotani, Naohito Hibino, Yoshitaka Tanaka, Ryousuke Satoh, Kousuke Sasaki, Thepparat Kanchanathepsak
Background The low-profile dorsal locking plating (DLP) technique is useful for treating dorsally comminuted intra-articular distal radius fractures; however, due to the complications associated with DLP, the technique is not widely used. Methods A retrospective review of 24 consecutive cases treated with DLP were done. Results All cases were classified into two types by surgical strategy according to the fracture pattern. In type 1, there is a volar fracture line distal to the watershed line in the dorsally displaced fragment, and this type is treated by H-framed DLP...
May 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408810/prevalence-and-pattern-of-the-elongated-styloid-process-among-geriatric-patients-in-saudi-arabia
#8
Bader K AlZarea
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to assess the elongation of the styloid process on digital panoramic radiographs and to evaluate the prevalence of the elongation according to age, sex and types. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Digital panoramic radiographs of 198 geriatric edentulous patients were analyzed. The radiographic length of the styloid process was measured on both sides using the measurement toolbars on the accompanying analysis software. For statistical analysis, Student's t-test, chi-square test and analysis of variance test were used...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374140/revisiting-the-indirect-signs-of-a-temporal-bone-fracture-air-air-everywhere
#9
Adam C Ulano, Srinivasan Vedantham, Deepak Takhtani
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The standard head CT protocol makes detection of a temporal bone fracture difficult. The purposes of our study are to revisit the finding of air in various locations around the temporal bone as an indirect sign of fracture and determine if findings could predict fracture pattern. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched the radiology reports for the keyword "temporal bone fracture." We recorded the presence of air in multiple locations around the temporal bone and pneumocephalus, opacification of the mastoid air cells or the middle ear cavity, and dominant fracture pattern...
April 3, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367896/unilateral-complete-articulated-ossification-and-aberrant-thickening-of-the-stylohyoid-chain
#10
Jie Lei, Adrian U Yap, Yi Zhang, Kai-Yuan Fu
Eagle's syndrome is a rare clinical entity associated with craniofacial and cervical pain. It is caused by an elongated or deviated styloid process and/or calcification/ossification of the stylohyoid ligament. Complete ossification and aberrant thickening of the stylohyoid chain is the most unusual manifestation. We report a patient who presented with complaints of foreign body sensation, dysphagia and moderate submandibular pain caused by unilateral complete ossification, abnormal thickening and hypertrophy of the stylohyoid chain...
2017: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330578/necrotizing-sialometaplasia-of-the-parotid-gland-associated-with-facial-nerve-paralysis
#11
P Haen, L Ben Slama, P Goudot, T Schouman
INTRODUCTION: Necrotizing sialometaplasia is a benign inflammatory lesion involving most frequently the minor salivary gland of the hard palate. Involvement of the parotid gland is rare, involvement of the parotid gland associated with facial palsy is exceptional. CASE REPORT: A 56-year-old male patient with Marfan syndrome presented with swelling and inflammation of the left parotid gland associated with progressively complete facial nerve paralysis. CT scan and MRI showed a parotid collection with hyper signal of the nearest tissues associated with erosion of the styloid process...
February 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299275/unusually-elongated-styloid-process-a-report-of-two-cases-with-literature-review
#12
Neeta Sharma, Rangila Ram, Reet Kamal
Eagle's syndrome is most often associated with an elongated styloid process or ossified stylohyoid ligament, which may result in cervicofacial pain. Since the symptoms are vague and nonspecific, patients with the Eagle's syndrome are difficult to diagnose. We here report two cases of Eagle's syndrome, one case with unusually elongated styloid process of size 6.97 cm, in whom imaging with computed tomography established the diagnosis and managed by local infiltration of lidocaine and steroid; in another case the length of styloid processes were 3...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298982/elongated-styloid-process-evaluation-on-digital-panoramic-radiograph-in-a-north-italian-population
#13
Antonio Gracco, Alberto De Stefani, Giovanni Bruno, Paolo Balasso, Giulio Alessandri-Bonetti, Edoardo Stellini
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of elongated styloid process in digital panoramic radiographs in a North Italian population in relation to age, gender and side. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was performed as a retrospective analysis on digital panoramic radiographs of 600 (271 males and 329 females) Italian patients between 6 and 87 years old. The styloid process length were measured using the measuring tool of Sidexis Software...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298790/effect-of-periradial-administration-of-papaverine-on-radial-artery-diameter
#14
P S Nagaraja, Naveen G Singh, N Manjunatha, Rushikesh Chintamanrao Desai
BACKGROUND: Radial artery cannulation is a skillful procedure. An experienced anesthesiologist might also face difficulty in cannulating a feeble radial pulse. AIM: The purpose of the study was to determine whether periradial subcutaneous administration of papaverine results in effective vasodilation and improvement in the palpability score of radial artery. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Prospective, double-blinded trial. METHODOLOGY: Thirty patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery were enrolled in the study...
January 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288997/carotid-artery-dissection-a-rare-complication-of-eagle-syndrome
#15
Rogin Subedi, Ryan Dean, Stamatis Baronos, Amit Dhamoon
Carotid artery dissection is a significant cause of ischaemic stroke in all age groups and accounts for a large percentage of strokes in young patients. Carotid dissection can be caused by trauma, underlying connective tissue disease, hypertension, mechanical injury or can be spontaneous. We present an exceedingly rare case of carotid dissection caused by an elongated styloid process, causing direct mechanical damage to the carotid artery.
March 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259505/the-experience-of-treatment-of-coblation-assisted-surgical-approach-to-eagle-s-syndrome
#16
Chenjing Cheng, Cuiping She, Qingfeng Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This article aimed to Summarize our therapeutic experience with Transoral coblation assisted surgical approach used for treatment of Eagle's syndrome. METHODS: sixty-two consecutive patients, from 2010 to 2015, underwent coblation assisted surgical treatment to remove elongated styloid process transorally. Outcomes were assessed in terms of intraoperative and postoperative complications, patients' evolution and efficiency of treatment. RESULTS: The amount of bleeding was 1ml~4ml, average 2...
February 5, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247938/carpal-tunnel-release-safe-and-simple-identification-of-the-flexor-retinaculum-based-on-superficial-anatomical-landmarks
#17
G M Hohenberger, M J Maier, C Grechenig, A M Schwarz, V Matzi, A H Weiglein
INTRODUCTION: The aim of our study was to project the borders of the flexor retinaculum (FR) onto superficial landmarks since its insufficient splitting is the most common reason for persistence of symptoms after carpal tunnel release. MATERIAL/METHODS: In 60 hands the radial and ulnar styloid processes were linked by a horizontal line and a longitudinal line was laid through the ring finger's radial side. These were intersected resulting in the reference point "A" on the forearm...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246562/an-asymptomatic-and-overelongated-styloid-process
#18
Emrah Soylu, Ahmet Altan, Ahmet Ercan Sekerci, Nıhat Akbulut
Elongation of the styloid process is a rare condition. Only 4% of patients have clinical symptoms where elongated styloid process (ESP) occasionally irritates or disrupts adjacent anatomical structures, which is called Eagle syndrome. This present report was aimed at reporting an asymptomatic ESP with unusual width and length.
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215854/endoscope-assisted-resection-of-elongated-styloid-process-through-a-retroauricular-incision-a-novel-surgical-approach-to-eagle-syndrome
#19
Renhui Chen, Faya Liang, Ping Han, Qian Cai, Shitong Yu, Xiaoming Huang
PURPOSE: Conventional resection of the elongated styloid process is associated with large-scale tissue dissection and poor surgical exposure. The purpose of this study was to show the feasibility, efficacy, and safety of a novel surgical approach using an endoscopic technique to treat Eagle syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors implemented a retrospective cohort study composed of 133 patients undergoing endoscope-assisted styloidectomy (EAS) from June 2010 to August 2015 at a university teaching hospital...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192866/the-importance-of-medial-lateral-styloid-process-angulation-coronal-plane-angle-in-symptomatic-eagle-syndrome
#20
Veysel Burulday, Mehmet Hüseyin Akgül, Nuray Bayar Muluk, Burak Yağdiran, Mikail Inal
OBJECTIVES: We used three-dimensional computerized tomography (3DCT) to obtain images of Eagle Syndrome (ES) cases and measurements of relevant variables. METHODS: Twenty-five subjects with ES and 25 controls were included in this retrospective study. Styloid process length, anterior-posterior styloid process angulation (Sagittal plane angle) (APA), medial-lateral styloid process angulation (Coronal plane angle) (MLA), tonsil-stiloid distance and carotid-stiloid distance were measured on CT and 3DCT images, and cranial and neck angiography was obtained, from a total of 580 images...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
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