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Styloid process

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875581/the-development-of-eagle-s-syndrome-after-neck-trauma
#1
Shaifulizan Abdul Rahman, Jaswinder Singh, Rubinderan Muthusamy, Mohammad Khursheed Alam
Eagle's syndrome (ES) refers to a group of various types and patterns of pain which spans over the head-and-neck region owing to an elongated styloid process or calcified stylohyoid ligament. These symptoms are often confused with those attributed to a wide variety of facial neuralgias. The diagnosis of ES is usually made through clinical exclusion which is then confirmed radiographically. Patients with ES are initially managed with nonsurgical therapy, but surgical resection seems to be the treatment of choice...
April 2018: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806282/-effectiveness-comparison-between-minimally-invasive-surgery-and-traditional-open-reduction-internal-fixation-in-treatment-of-unstable-distal-radial-fractures
#2
Zeli Zhong, Chao Wu, Xu Lin, Haigang Hu
Objective: To compare the effectiveness of minimally invasive percutaneous internal fixation and traditional open reduction via Henry approach and internal fixation in the treatment of unstable distal radial fractures. Methods: Fifty-six patients with unstable distal radial fractures that met the selection criteria between October 2013 and December 2014 were randomly divided into minimally invasive group (26 cases) and traditional group (30 cases). They were treated with oblique T-shaped locking plate internal fixation via minimally invasive percutaneous approach or traditional Henry approach...
March 1, 2018: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771884/-exophthalmometry-with-computed-tomography
#3
M B Gushchina, D S Afanasyeva, S A Borzenok
Bone abnormalities of orbit seen in patients with trauma or radiolesion are accompanied by enophthalmos or exophthalmos. Conventional measurements of eyeball protrusion with Hertel's exophthalmometer or with computed tomography do not provide accurate and reliable data, especially in patients with asymmetry of lateral orbital rims. PURPOSE: To develop a method of computed exophthalmometry that provides accurate and reliable measurements in patients with various orbital conditions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medical records and computerized axial tomography scans of 25 patients' orbits without false enophthalmos or exophthalmos were analyzed posthoc...
2018: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764674/surgical-management-of-patients-with-eagle-syndrome
#4
Frances Mei Hardin, Roy Xiao, Brian B Burkey
OBJECTIVE: Eagle syndrome, a spectrum of disease resulting from an elongated styloid process and/or calcified stylohyoid ligament, lacks standardized recommendations regarding indications for surgical intervention and approach. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Single tertiary care institution. SUBJECTS: Patients treated surgically for Eagle syndrome between January 2011 and June 2017. METHODS: Patients were diagnosed with Eagle syndrome based on thorough clinical workup and assessment...
May 9, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757069/accuracy-of-a-single-measurement-site-for-self-monitoring-of-patients-with-breast-cancer-at-risk-for-lymphedema
#5
Janine T Hidding, Carien H G Beurskens, Marijke T De Vries, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Hanneke W M van Laarhoven, Philip J van der Wees
PURPOSE: Early detection of breast cancer-related lymphedema through simple self-monitoring techniques may lead to early treatment and improved outcomes. METHODS: Prospective study of circumference measurements at four time points before, during, and after adjuvant chemotherapy with docetaxel, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide. Volume was calculated using the 10-cm interval circumference measurement method (reference test) and percentage difference between arms, for volume and circumference, was determined...
May 14, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734907/omega-%C3%AE-pulley-plasty-for-surgical-management-of-dequervain-s-disease
#6
Joseph Bakhach, Bachar Chaya, Nazareth Papazian
BACKGROUND: DeQuervain tenosynovitis, refractory to medical conservative treatment, has been traditionally treated by a simple division of the pulley, a procedure associated with several complications. Many authors attempted to prevent these complications by describing techniques of pulley reconstruction after its release necessitating suturing the different flaps and subsequently promoting extensor tendons adhesions. The authors present an alternative procedure for the first extensor compartment pulley decompression: "Omegaplasty"...
June 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733225/effects-of-the-right-carotid-sinus-compression-technique-on-blood-pressure-and-heart-rate-in-medicated-patients-with-hypertension
#7
Angélica María Campón-Checkroun, Agustín Luceño-Mardones, Inmaculada Riquelme, Jesús Oliva-Pascual-Vaca, François Ricard, Ángel Oliva-Pascual-Vaca
OBJECTIVES: To identify the immediate and middle-term effects of the right carotid sinus compression technique on blood pressure and heart rate in hypertensive patients. DESIGN: Randomized blinded experimental study. SETTINGS: Primary health centers of Cáceres (Spain). SUBJECTS: Sixty-four medicated patients with hypertension were randomly assigned to an intervention group (n = 33) or to a control group (n = 31)...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675678/anthropometric-and-clinical-analysis-of-the-distal-ulna-and-extensor-carpi-ulnaris-tendon-using-mri
#8
Ugur Toprak, Sefa Turkoglu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the ulnar groove (UG), extensor carpi ulnaris (ECU) tendon, and ulnar styloid process (USP) parameters in asymptomatic individuals without ulnar-sided wrist abnormalities, to determine whether these values can be anthropometric markers of age and gender and identify their correlations for use in clinical decision-making. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The MRI T1W axial, T2W sagittal, coronal PW and DESS sequences were evaluated in 100 cases (62 women)...
April 19, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628738/calcification-of-the-stylohyoid-complex-in-libyans
#9
Galal Omami
Objective: To investigate the prevalence and pattern of calcification of the stylohyoid complex in Libyan population. Material and methods: Archived digital panoramic radiographs of 3343 patients were collected; 181 images were excluded for underage or poor image quality. Thus, the images of 3162 patients (1081 men, 2081 women; women-to-men ratio, 2:1; age range, 16-68 years; mean age, 36.7 years) retrieved and assigned to one of four morphological patterns of the stylohyoid complex: regular, elongated, calcified, and undetected...
April 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595704/the-role-of-3d-printing-technology-in-the-diagnosis-of-eagle-syndrome-a-case-report
#10
Dong Hoon Lee, Tae Mi Yoon, Joon Kyoo Lee, Sang Chul Lim
RATIONALE: Eagle syndrome is a rare clinical condition that can be associated with elongation of the styloid process. PATIENT CONCERN: A 55-year-old man was presented with vague throat discomfort for several years. DIAGNOSIS: 3-dimentional (3D) computed tomography (CT) reconstruction, and printing revealed bilateral elongated styloid processes. INTERVENTIONS: The patient has been treated medically, and continues to demonstrate improvement with conservative treatment for 2 years...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593926/chronological-progression-of-an-enlarged-styloid-process-a-case-report-of-eagle-syndrome
#11
Daisuke Maki, Kenji Okami, Koji Ebisumoto, Akihiro Sakai
Eagle syndrome is characterized by an elongated styloid process. However, the time frame over which the styloid process becomes elongated and extends is unknown. How the condition worsens over time is also unclear. To date, there has been no report describing the chronologic change that occurs in the styloid process in Eagle syndrome. We describe a 53-year-old patient with Eagle syndrome in whom the styloid process enlarged progressively over time and the elongated styloid process fused with the hyoid bone...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581952/fractured-styloid-process-masquerading-as-neck-pain-cone-beam-computed-tomography-investigation-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Hassan M Khan, Andrew D Fraser, Steven Daws, Jaisri Thoppay, Mel Mupparapu
Historically, Eagle syndrome is a term that has been used to describe radiating pain in the orofacial region, foreign body sensation, and/or dysphagia due to a unilateral or bilateral elongated styloid process impinging upon the tonsillar region. Because elongated styloid processes-with or without associated Eagle syndrome-can present with various symptoms and radiographic findings, it can be challenging for healthcare practitioners to formulate an accurate diagnosis. Abnormal styloid anatomy can lead to a multitude of symptoms, including chronic orofacial/neck pain, thus masquerading as more commonly diagnosed conditions...
March 2018: Imaging Science in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566468/lymphatic-vessel-mapping-in-the-upper-extremities-of-a-healthy-korean-population
#13
Yun-Whan Lee, Soo-Hyun Lee, Hi-Jin You, Jae-A Jung, Eul-Sik Yoon, Deok-Woo Kim
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative indocyanine green (ICG) lymphography can effectively detect functioning lymph vessels in edematous limbs. However, it is sometimes difficult to clearly identify their course in later-stage edematous limbs. For this reason, many surgeons rely on experience when they decide where to make the skin incision to locate the lymphatic vessels. The purpose of this study was to elucidate lymphatic vessel flow patterns in healthy upper extremities in a Korean population and to use these findings as a reference for lymphedema treatment...
March 2018: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564051/where-is-the-ulnar-styloid-process-identification-of-the-absolute-location-of-the-ulnar-styloid-process-based-on-ct-and-verification-of-neutral-forearm-rotation-on-lateral-radiographs-of-the-wrist
#14
Seung-Han Shin, Yong-Suk Lee, Jin-Woo Kang, Dong-Young Noh, Joon-Yong Jung, Yang-Guk Chung
Background: The location of the ulnar styloid process can be confusing because the radius and the hand rotate around the ulna. The purpose of this study was to identify the absolute location of the ulnar styloid process, which is independent of forearm pronation or supination, to use it as a reference for neutral forearm rotation on lateral radiographs of the wrist. Methods: Computed tomography (CT) images of 23 forearms taken with elbow flexion of 70° to 90° were analyzed...
March 2018: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559351/elongated-styloid-process-in-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorders-is-there-a-link
#15
Sebastian Krohn, Phillipp Brockmeyer, Dietmar Kubein-Meesenburg, Christian Kirschneck, Ralf Buergers
BACKGROUND: Elongated styloid processes may display clinical signs that can easily be confused with symptoms associated with temporomandibular disorders (TMD). Thus, the present study aimed to investigate alterations of the styloid process in patients with TMD. METHODS: Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) X-ray images of 192 patients with RDC/TMD diagnoses were examined retrospectively. On each side, the styloid process and mandibular ramus were evaluated regarding length as well as sagittal angulation...
May 2018: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556590/the-role-of-vascular-laboratory-in-the-management-of-eagle-syndrome
#16
Prince C Esiobu, Mi Jin Yoo, Erin M Kirkham, R Eugene Zierler, Benjamin W Starnes, Matthew P Sweet
Eagle syndrome is caused by an elongated styloid process or calcified stylohyoid ligament. The stylocarotid variant with neurologic symptoms is rare and presents a diagnostic challenge. Patients may present with transient ischemic attacks, syncope, or less well defined symptoms like episodic dizziness. We report use of vascular laboratory testing in the management of Eagle syndrome. In one patient, on Doppler ultrasound examination of the ipsilateral temporal artery, the signal was lost with provocative neck flexion...
March 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550376/fractures-of-the-stylomandibular-complex-a-prospective-study-proposing-a-classification-and-clinical-protocol
#17
Elavenil Panneerselvam, Sasikala Balasubramaniam, Aditi Rajendra Sharma, Pathumai Murugadoss, Saravanan Chellappazham, V B Krishnakumar Raja
PURPOSE: Mandibular trauma can result in stylomandibular complex (SMC) fractures with clinical symptoms including glossopharyngeal neuralgia, globus pharyngeus, otalgia, and dysphonia. Fracture of the styloid process is noteworthy because of its proximity to numerous vital structures. The study objectives were 1) to determine the incidence of SMC fractures and develop a clinical grading system and 2) to institute and assess a treatment protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective clinical trial involved 206 patients with mandibular trauma based on a set of inclusion and exclusion criteria...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496223/a-truncated-temporal-styloid-process-from-the-jordanian-ottoman-period-developmental-variant-or-fracture
#18
Margaret A Judd
Styloid process (SP) development and its role in an individual's lived experience plays a negligible role in paleopathological research, although a handful of possible Eagle's syndrome cases have been reported. Here, the development of the stylohyoid chain and the medical research of SP variants are reviewed to inform the differential diagnosis of a probable SP fracture in a young adult male associated with the Ottoman Period (13-19thC) in Jordan. The fracture surface of the right SP is smooth rather than irregular, the coloration is uniform with the surrounding cortical bone staining, and no new bone formation is visible...
March 2018: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489579/a-rare-cause-of-recurrent-cerebral-ischemia-and-syncope-eagle-syndrome
#19
Kemal Koray Bal, Onur Ismi, Kaan Esen, Ibrahim Arda Yilmaz, Yusuf Vayisoglu
Eagle syndrome is defined as symptomatic elongation of the styloid process or calcification of the stylohyoid and stilomandibular ligament. The syndrome was described by WW Eagle in 1937. The styloid process is located between the internal and external carotid arteries and laterally in the tonsillar fossa. Patients with cerebrovascular ischemia causing syncope or hemiparesia due to Eagle syndrome are rarely published in the literature. The authors presented a patient with recurrent cerebrovascular attacks due to long styloid process...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410761/elongated-styloid-process-an-epidemiological-study-on-digital-panoramic-radiographs
#20
Giovanni Bruno, Alberto De Stefani, Paolo Balasso, Sergio Mazzoleni, Antonio Gracco
Background: The styloid process is a projecton of the temporal bone, its lenght is between 20 to 30 mm, when it is longer than 30 mm it is defined elongated styloid process. The aim of this study is an epidemiological evaluation of 1003 digital panoramic radiographs in an Italian population between 5 and 90 years old. Material and Methods: This is a retrospective analysis and the radiographs were selected from the Complex Operating Unit of Dentistry of Padua University Hospital database...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
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