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Styloid process

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299275/unusually-elongated-styloid-process-a-report-of-two-cases-with-literature-review
#1
Neeta Sharma, Rangila Ram, Reet Kamal
Eagle's syndrome is most often associated with an elongated styloid process or ossified stylohyoid ligament, which may result in cervicofacial pain. Since the symptoms are vague and nonspecific, patients with the Eagle's syndrome are difficult to diagnose. We here report two cases of Eagle's syndrome, one case with unusually elongated styloid process of size 6.97 cm, in whom imaging with computed tomography established the diagnosis and managed by local infiltration of lidocaine and steroid; in another case the length of styloid processes were 3...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298982/elongated-styloid-process-evaluation-on-digital-panoramic-radiograph-in-a-north-italian-population
#2
Antonio Gracco, Alberto De Stefani, Giovanni Bruno, Paolo Balasso, Giulio Alessandri-Bonetti, Edoardo Stellini
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of elongated styloid process in digital panoramic radiographs in a North Italian population in relation to age, gender and side. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was performed as a retrospective analysis on digital panoramic radiographs of 600 (271 males and 329 females) Italian patients between 6 and 87 years old. The styloid process length were measured using the measuring tool of Sidexis Software...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298790/effect-of-periradial-administration-of-papaverine-on-radial-artery-diameter
#3
P S Nagaraja, Naveen G Singh, N Manjunatha, Rushikesh Chintamanrao Desai
BACKGROUND: Radial artery cannulation is a skillful procedure. An experienced anesthesiologist might also face difficulty in cannulating a feeble radial pulse. AIM: The purpose of the study was to determine whether periradial subcutaneous administration of papaverine results in effective vasodilation and improvement in the palpability score of radial artery. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Prospective, double-blinded trial. METHODOLOGY: Thirty patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery were enrolled in the study...
January 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288997/carotid-artery-dissection-a-rare-complication-of-eagle-syndrome
#4
Rogin Subedi, Ryan Dean, Stamatis Baronos, Amit Dhamoon
Carotid artery dissection is a significant cause of ischaemic stroke in all age groups and accounts for a large percentage of strokes in young patients. Carotid dissection can be caused by trauma, underlying connective tissue disease, hypertension, mechanical injury or can be spontaneous. We present an exceedingly rare case of carotid dissection caused by an elongated styloid process, causing direct mechanical damage to the carotid artery.
March 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259505/the-experience-of-treatment-of-coblation-assisted-surgical-approach-to-eagle-s-syndrome
#5
Chenjing Cheng, Cuiping She, Qingfeng Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This article aimed to Summarize our therapeutic experience with Transoral coblation assisted surgical approach used for treatment of Eagle's syndrome. METHODS: sixty-two consecutive patients, from 2010 to 2015, underwent coblation assisted surgical treatment to remove elongated styloid process transorally. Outcomes were assessed in terms of intraoperative and postoperative complications, patients' evolution and efficiency of treatment. RESULTS: The amount of bleeding was 1ml~4ml, average 2...
February 5, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247938/carpal-tunnel-release-safe-and-simple-identification-of-the-flexor-retinaculum-based-on-superficial-anatomical-landmarks
#6
G M Hohenberger, M J Maier, C Grechenig, A M Schwarz, V Matzi, A H Weiglein
INTRODUCTION: The aim of our study was to project the borders of the flexor retinaculum (FR) onto superficial landmarks since its insufficient splitting is the most common reason for persistence of symptoms after carpal tunnel release. MATERIAL/METHODS: In 60 hands the radial and ulnar styloid processes were linked by a horizontal line and a longitudinal line was laid through the ring finger's radial side. These were intersected resulting in the reference point "A" on the forearm...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246562/an-asymptomatic-and-overelongated-styloid-process
#7
Emrah Soylu, Ahmet Altan, Ahmet Ercan Sekerci, Nıhat Akbulut
Elongation of the styloid process is a rare condition. Only 4% of patients have clinical symptoms where elongated styloid process (ESP) occasionally irritates or disrupts adjacent anatomical structures, which is called Eagle syndrome. This present report was aimed at reporting an asymptomatic ESP with unusual width and length.
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215854/endoscope-assisted-resection-of-elongated-styloid-process-through-a-retroauricular-incision-a-novel-surgical-approach-to-eagle-syndrome
#8
Renhui Chen, Faya Liang, Ping Han, Qian Cai, Shitong Yu, Xiaoming Huang
PURPOSE: Conventional resection of the elongated styloid process is associated with large-scale tissue dissection and poor surgical exposure. The purpose of this study was to show the feasibility, efficacy, and safety of a novel surgical approach using an endoscopic technique to treat Eagle syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors implemented a retrospective cohort study composed of 133 patients undergoing endoscope-assisted styloidectomy (EAS) from June 2010 to August 2015 at a university teaching hospital...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192866/the-importance-of-medial-lateral-styloid-process-angulation-coronal-plane-angle-in-symptomatic-eagle-syndrome
#9
Veysel Burulday, Mehmet Hüseyin Akgül, Nuray Bayar Muluk, Burak Yağdiran, Mikail Inal
OBJECTIVES: We used three-dimensional computerized tomography (3DCT) to obtain images of Eagle Syndrome (ES) cases and measurements of relevant variables. METHODS: Twenty-five subjects with ES and 25 controls were included in this retrospective study. Styloid process length, anterior-posterior styloid process angulation (Sagittal plane angle) (APA), medial-lateral styloid process angulation (Coronal plane angle) (MLA), tonsil-stiloid distance and carotid-stiloid distance were measured on CT and 3DCT images, and cranial and neck angiography was obtained, from a total of 580 images...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174653/eagle-syndrome
#10
Akira Baba, Yumi Okuyama, Hiroya Ojiri, Tsuneya Nakajima
Although rare, Eagle syndrome should be always considered in the differential diagnosis in patients with chronic orofacial pain refractory to conventional treatments. Treatment is surgery and exeresis of the styloid process via a transoral or cervical approach depending on clinical and radiological features.
February 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163270/morphometric-study-of-a-huge-elongated-styloid-process
#11
Joe Iwanaga, Koichi Watanabe, Tsuyoshi Saga, Yoko Tabira, Koh-Ichi Yamaki
An elongated styloid process (ESP) is present in 4% of the general population. It is sometimes found incidentally by panoramic radiography or computed tomography in the clinical setting. Few detailed morphometric studies of this phenomenon have been performed, however, especially regarding its histologic aspects. During anatomic dissection of a 71-year-old man who had died from cardiac failure and whose body had been donated to our department for medical student training, an ESP was found while disconnecting the stylohyoid muscle from the hyoid bone...
February 6, 2017: Kurume Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154955/relationship-of-stylohyoid-chain-and-cervical-internal-carotid-artery-detected-by-3d-angiography
#12
Cenk Eraslan, Mehmet Asim Ozer, Figen Govsa, Ahmet Kemal Alagoz, Cem Calli
OBJECTIVE: The calcification of the stylohyoid chain (SHC), elongated styloid process (SP), larger SP' angle and its shortened distance of cervical internal carotid artery (CICA) are risk factors for bony compression and the stylocarotid syndrome. METHODS: 3D-CTAs of 125 patients were analyzed in terms of the SP length, its angulations, type of the SHC and relationships of its proximity to the CICA. RESULTS: Elongated SP was observed frequently both in females (47%) and males (55%)...
February 2, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106688/eagle-syndrome-an-unusual-cause-limited-mouth-opening-and-surgical-management
#13
Tahrir N Aldelaimi, Saman W Boskani, Shakhawan M Ali, Payman K Mahmud
Eagle syndrome defined "stylalgia" occurs when an elongated styloid process or calcified stylohyoid ligament causes dysphagia, facial pain recurrent throat pain or foreign body sensation, also associated symptoms such as neck or throat pain with radiation to the ear. The symptoms related to this condition can be confused or miss diagnosis to a wide variety of facial neuralgias. The incidence of Eagle syndrome varies among population. Usually asymptomatic, it occurs in adult patients, can be diagnosed by physical examination and radiologically...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062802/moving-target-transient-rotational-stenosis-precipitating-jugular-bow-hunter-s-syndrome
#14
Waleed Brinjikji, Christopher S Graffeo, Avital Perry, Terence Zimmerman, Jeffrey R Janus, Pearce P Morris, Gregory D Cascino, Giuseppe Lanzino
A 60-year-old man presented with a 10-month history of of stereotypical spells characterized by vertigo, tinnitus, blurred vision, left hemibody numbness, and occasional syncope, precipitated by turning his head leftwards. Cerebral angiography and CT angiography of the head and neck with provocative maneuvers did not demonstrate vertebral artery narrowing. However, there was narrowing of the left internal jugular vein due to extrinsic compression from the sternocleidomastoid with leftward head rotation in the setting of hypoplasia of the right internal jugular vein...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057590/modular-endoscopic-medial-maxillectomies-quantitative-analysis-of-surgical-exposure-in-a-preclinical-setting
#15
Alberto Schreiber, Marco Ferrari, Vittorio Rampinelli, Francesco Doglietto, Francesco Belotti, Davide Lancini, Marco Ravanelli, Luigi Fabrizio Rodella, Marco Maria Fontanella, Piero Nicolai
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic medial maxillectomies (EMM) have been named with different nomenclatures. Aim of the present study was to objectively measure the surgical exposure in a preclinical anatomical setting to validate a classification for modular EMMs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six cadaver heads underwent computed tomography and images were uploaded on a dedicated software. A neuronavigation system was used to measure areas and volumes of surgical corridors during dissection...
January 2, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999126/moving-target-transient-rotational-stenosis-precipitating-jugular-bow-hunter-s-syndrome
#16
Waleed Brinjikji, Christopher S Graffeo, Avital Perry, Terence Zimmerman, Jeffrey R Janus, Pearce P Morris, Gregory D Cascino, Giuseppe Lanzino
A 60-year-old man presented with a 10-month history of of stereotypical spells characterized by vertigo, tinnitus, blurred vision, left hemibody numbness, and occasional syncope, precipitated by turning his head leftwards. Cerebral angiography and CT angiography of the head and neck with provocative maneuvers did not demonstrate vertebral artery narrowing. However, there was narrowing of the left internal jugular vein due to extrinsic compression from the sternocleidomastoid with leftward head rotation in the setting of hypoplasia of the right internal jugular vein...
December 20, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940921/carotid-artery-dissection-associated-with-long-styloid-process
#17
José Manuel Amorim, Margarida Lopes, Carla Ferreira, João Pinho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919116/stylohyoid-complex-eagle-syndrome-starting-in-a-9-year-old-boy
#18
Maite Gárriz-Luis, Pablo Irimia, Juan M Alcalde, Pablo Domínguez, Juan Narbona
Background There are only four previous pediatric reports of the glossopharyngeal neuralgic form of the stylohyoid complex syndrome. Stylohyoid complex has merely been described as cases of glossopharyngeal neuralgia in children. Case Report A 12-year-old boy came to our hospital because of recurrent episodes of severe cranial pain (9/10) lasting for 5 to 15 minutes. Pain affected the right tonsillar fossa, ear, and mastoid region. Since the start at the age of 9 years, the frequency of painful episodes has progressively increased: when admitted to our clinics 3 years later, the child was having up to five episodes daily in spite of analgesic, antiepileptic, and antidepressant drugs; he had abandoned school and leisure...
February 2017: Neuropediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890834/eagle-syndrome-presenting-after-blunt-trauma
#19
Ashley Mann, Scott Kujath, Mark L Friedell, Scott Hardouin, Chalmers Wood, Robert Carter, Karl Stark
As classically described, Eagle syndrome is an entity where patients develop pain or neurologic manifestations arising from an elongated styloid process and/or an ossified stylohyoid ligament irritating or compressing adjacent cranial nerves or the carotid arteries. Over the past few years, there have been reports of actual injury to the internal carotid artery with dissection, occlusion and strokes. We present three cases identified after blunt trauma-one due to carotid compression and two due to actual injury to the internal carotid artery...
November 24, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885386/wrist-denervation-of-the-posterior-interosseous-nerve-through-a-volar-approach-a-new-technique-with-anatomical-considerations
#20
Stephan Grechenig, Surjit Lidder, Manuel Dreu, Claudia Dolcet, Lucy Marguerite Cooper, Georg Feigl
PURPOSE: Full or selective wrist denervation is an effective treatment for chronic wrist pain. In this cadaveric study, a volar approach for prophylactic denervation of the posterior interosseous nerve (PIN) and the anterior interosseous nerve (AIN) was assessed, which can simultaneously be performed during volar approaches for distal radius fracture fixation or in combination with metalwork removal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total 40 adult upper limbs, embalmed using Thiel's method, were investigated...
November 24, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
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