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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454613/isoquercetin-attenuates-oxidative-stress-and-neuronal-apoptosis-after-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-via-nrf2-mediated-inhibition-of-the-nox4-ros-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway
#1
Yunyi Dai, Haojie Zhang, Jianping Zhang, Mingguang Yan
Isoquercetin (Iso) has been found to have neuroprotective effects against cerebral ischemic stroke. However, the exact molecular mechanism underlying its neuroprotective ability remains unclear. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the neuroprotective effects of Iso in primary culture of rat hippocampal neurons exposed to oxygen and glucose deprivation and reperfusion (OGD/R) injury and in rats subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion and reperfusion (MCAO/R) injury. We found that rats treated with Iso exhibited a lower degree of infarct volume, and brain water content than the vehicle-treated rats...
February 15, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452253/remote-limb-ischemic-postconditioning-protects-against-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-by-activating-ampk-dependent-autophagy
#2
Hao Guo, Lei Zhao, Bodong Wang, Xia Li, Hao Bai, Haixiao Liu, Liang Yue, Wei Guo, Zhenyuan Bian, Li Gao, Dayun Feng, Yan Qu
Remote limb ischemic postconditioning (RIPoC) is a promising adjunct treatment for cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. However, the underlying mechanisms have not been fully elucidated yet. The present study aims to investigate potential involvement and regulatory mechanisms of autophagy in RIPoC treatment against cerebral IR injury in mice. Mice were subjected to 2 h middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) then treated with vehicle, 3-methyladenine (3-MA, an autophagy inhibitor), or compound C (an AMPK inhibitor) at the onset of reperfusion...
February 13, 2018: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439730/resolvin-d2-protects-against-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rats
#3
Gang Zuo, Dongping Zhang, Rutao Mu, Haitao Shen, Xiang Li, Zhong Wang, Haiying Li, Gang Chen
Cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is a critical factor leading to a poor prognosis for ischemic stroke patients. ω-3 fatty acid supplements taken as part of a daily diet have been shown to improve the prognosis of patients with ischemic stroke. In this study, we aimed to investigate the potential effects of resolvin D2 (RvD2), a derivative of ω-3 fatty acids, and its possible advantage on cerebral I/R injury in rats. Cerebral I/R caused by middle cerebral artery occlusion and reperfusion (MCAO/R) was established in Sprague-Dawley rats...
February 13, 2018: Molecular Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438731/neuroprotective-effect-of-the-group-iii-mglu-receptor-agonist-acpt-i-after-ischemic-stroke-in-rats-with-essential-hypertension
#4
Helena Domin, Łukasz Przykaza, Ewa Kozniewska, Paweł M Boguszewski, Maria Śmiałowska
Our previous studies have shown that ACPT-I [(1S, 3R,4S)-1-aminocyclopentane-1,2,4-tricarboxylic acid], a blood-brain barrier permeable agonist of group III metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors, was neuroprotective against middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion (MCAO/R) in normotensive rats. Preclinical studies are typically performed on healthy animals, whereas stroke patients predominately exhibit comorbidities, such as hypertension; therefore, in the present study, we investigated the effect of ACPT-I in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) after MCAO/R...
February 10, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434748/mapk-pathway-mediates-the-anti-oxidative-effect-of-chicoric-acid-against-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-vivo
#5
Linwei Jia, Yonghan Chen, Yao-Hui Tian, Gang Zhang
The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effect of chicoric acid on oxidative stress and inflammation in rats with cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury. A cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury rat model was created via transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and rats were treated with various doses of chicoric acid (0, 1, 10 and 100 mg/kg). Neurological deficits and infarct volume were used to estimate the protective effects of chicoric acid treatment. Levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1β, nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) were assessed...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420916/rutin-attenuates-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-ovariectomized-rats-via-estrogen-receptor-mediated-bdnf-trkb-and-ngf-trka-signaling
#6
Hong Liu, Lili Zhong, Yuwei Zhang, Xuewei Liu, Ji Li
Rutin, a flavonoid glycoside, has been reported to exert neuroprotective effects. Loss of the endogenous estrogen and dysregulation of the estrogen receptor (ER) signaling pathway are associated with the increased risk of stroke in women after menopause. This study was performed to investigate whether rutin could protect against cerebral ischemia by modulating ER pathway. Ovariectomized (OVX) rats were given intraperitoneal injection of vehicle (DMSO), rutin (100 mg/kg) or 17β-estradiol (100 μg/kg) for 5 continuous days...
February 8, 2018: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420085/reactive-oxygen-species-play-a-biphasic-role-in-brain-ischemia
#7
Jiping Yang, Jinchong Qi, Baoxin Xiu, Bei Yang, Caihong Niu, Hua Yang
OBJECTIVE: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are the essential mechanism involving in the ischemic process. Due to their complex characteristics, the precise effects of ROS on post-ischemic neurons remain uncertain. This study aimed to investigate the potential role of ROS in brain ischemia. METHODS: Dynamic ROS levels in the perifocal cortex were evaluated after right middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) of SD rats. Furthermore the role of ROS was assessed following delayed treatment with the ROS scavenger dimethylthiourea (DMTU) after brain ischemia...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410497/the-neuroprotective-effect-of-thalidomide-against-ischemia-through-the-cereblon-mediated-repression-of-ampk-activity
#8
Naoya Sawamura, Mariko Yamada, Miku Fujiwara, Haruka Yamada, Hideki Hayashi, Norio Takagi, Toru Asahi
Thalidomide was originally used as a sedative and found to be a teratogen, but now thalidomide and its derivatives are widely used to treat haematologic malignancies. Accumulated evidence suggests that thalidomide suppresses nerve cell death in neurologic model mice. However, detailed molecular mechanisms are unknown. Here we examined the molecular mechanism of thalidomide's neuroprotective effects, focusing on its target protein, cereblon (CRBN), and its binding protein, AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), which plays an important role in maintaining intracellular energy homeostasis in the brain...
February 6, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408288/neuroprotective-nature-of-adipokine-resistin-in-the-early-stages-of-focal-cerebral-ischemia-in-a-stroke-mouse-model
#9
Sedigheh Behrouzifar, Abedin Vakili, Ahmad Reza Bandegi, Parviz Kokhaei
New evidence suggests that resistin may have a therapeutic potential effect in management of neurodegenerative disease; but its role in the pathophysiology of stroke-induced injuries is not understood. However, further investigations are required to elucidate the effect of resistin and explore its possible molecular mechanisms on the ischemic reperfusion injury. Transient focal cerebral ischemia was induced by the middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in mice. Animal treated with resistin at doses of 25, 50, 100, 200, and 400 ng/mouse, on the MCAO commencement...
February 2, 2018: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383691/early-treatment-with-poly-adp-ribose-polymerase-1-inhibitor-jpi-289-reduces-infarct-volume-and-improves-long-term-behavior-in-an-animal-model-of-ischemic-stroke
#10
Youngchul Kim, Young Seo Kim, Hyun Young Kim, Min-Young Noh, Ji Young Kim, Young-Jun Lee, Jeongmin Kim, Jiseon Park, Seung Hyun Kim
In patients with stroke and neurodegenerative diseases, overactivation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) causes harmful effects by inducing apoptosis, necrosis, neuroinflammation, and immune dysregulation. The current study investigated the neuroprotective effect of a novel PARP-1 inhibitor, JPI-289, in an animal model of ischemic stroke. A transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO, 2 h) model was used to determine the therapeutic effect and the most effective dose and time window of administration of JPI-289...
January 30, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383122/antioxidant-and-pro-angiogenic-effects-of-corilagin-in-rat-cerebral-ischemia-via-nrf2-activation
#11
Yi Ding, Danjun Ren, Hang Xu, Wenxing Liu, Tianlong Liu, Liang Li, Jianguang Li, Yuwen Li, AiDong Wen
The nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) pathway has been considered as a potential target for neuroprotection in stroke. The aim of present study was to determine whether corilagin, a novel Nrf2 activator, can protect against ischemia-reperfusion injury and explore the underlying mechanism involved. In vivo, rats exposed to middle cerebral artery occlusion were applied to establish an ischemic stroke model. Posttreatment of corilagin significantly reduced infarct volumes and apoptotic cells as well as improved neurologic score after reperfusion, together with increased vascular density in the ischemic penumbra...
December 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375698/an-oral-formulation-of-cilostazol-nanoparticles-enhances-intestinal-drug-absorption-in-rats
#12
Chiaki Yoshioka, Yoshimasa Ito, Noriaki Nagai
Cilostazol (CLZ) is an anti-platelet agent that is generally used after the onset of cerebral infarction. However, CLZ is a poorly water-soluble drug and a strategy for increasing its bioavailability is required. In the present study, novel oral formulations were designed containing CLZ solid nanoparticles to improve bioavailability. The present study investigated the therapeutic effect of the oral formulations containing CLZ nanoparticles on ischemic stroke using a cerebral ischemia/reperfusion-induced injury model (MCAO/reperfusion mice)...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374244/ischemia-reperfusion-injury-after-gradual-versus-rapid-flow-restoration-for-middle-cerebral-artery-occlusion-rats
#13
Wan-Wan Xu, Ying-Ying Zhang, Juan Su, Ao-Fei Liu, Kai Wang, Chen Li, Yun-E Liu, Yi-Qun Zhang, Jin Lv, Wei-Jian Jiang
Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is an important cause of adverse prognosis after recanalization in patients with acute occlusion of major intracranial artery (AOMIA). Here, we provided data indicating that gradual flow restoration (GFR) would be superior to rapid flow restoration (RFR) in alleviating cerebral IRIs in middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) rats. A total of 94 MCAO rats with 15, 30 and 60-minute occlusion were randomly assigned to receive either GFR or RFR intervention. There were significant differences between GFR and RFR group in mean neurological severity score (1...
January 26, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369005/remote-ischemic-postconditioning-protects-the-brain-from-focal-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-by-inhibiting-autophagy-through-the-mtor-p70s6k-pathway
#14
Guo-Zhong Chen, Xiao-Yun Shan, Xu-Sheng Li, Hong-Miao Tao
OBJECTIVE: Remote ischemic postconditioning (RIPostC) has been recognized as an applicable strategy for protecting against cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. This study was performed to examine the effect of RIPostC on cerebral I/R and to explore its underlying mechanism. METHODS: Healthy male SD rats (N = 36) were assigned randomly into 3 groups of 12 each: sham group, I/R model group and RIPostC group. Animal models were performed by filament insertion for 2 h with middle cerebral artery occlusion(MCAO) followed by 24 h of reperfusion...
January 25, 2018: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360497/metabolomics-based-mechanisms-exploration-of-huang-lian-jie-du-decoction-on-cerebral-ischemia-via-uplc-q-tof-ms-analysis-on-rat-serum
#15
Baojie Zhu, Huiting Cao, Limin Sun, Bo Li, Liwei Guo, Jinao Duan, Huaxu Zhu, Qichun Zhang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Huang-Lian Jie-Du decoction (HLJDD), a traditional formula of Chinese medicine constituted with Rhizoma Coptidis, RadixScutellariae, CortexPhellodendri amurensis and Fructus Gardeniae, exhibits unambiguous therapeutic effect on cerebral ischemia via multi-targets action. Further investigation, however, is still required to explore the relationship between those mechanisms and targets through system approaches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rats of cerebral ischemia were completed by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) with reperfusion...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357017/berberine-ameliorates-mcao-induced-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-via-activation-of-the-bdnf-trkb-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway
#16
Jun Yang, Hui Yan, Sumei Li, Min Zhang
Cerebral ischemic injury remains associated with high mortality rates and lacks effective therapeutic intervention. Berberine (BBR) possesses anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-tumor activities, as well as potent neuroprotective effects. Although recent studies have examined the neuroprotective effects of berberine, little is known regarding its usefulness in treating cerebral ischemia. Thus, the aim of this study is to investigate the possible effect and the mechanism of berberine against cerebral ischemic injury using the middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model...
January 22, 2018: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355569/s-oxiracetam-ameliorates-ischemic-stroke-induced-neuronal-apoptosis-through-up-regulating-%C3%AE-7-nachr-and-pi3k-akt-gsk3%C3%AE-signal-pathway-in-rats
#17
Wenxiang Fan, Xiang Li, Liangliang Huang, Shucheng He, Zhicheng Xie, Yuxin Fu, Weirong Fang, Yunman Li
Ischemic stroke, the main reason for severe disabilities in the world, is associated with a high incidence of sensorimotor and cognitive dysfunction. In this study, we use the middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion (MCAO/R) model in rats and oxygen glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) model in fetal rat primary cortical neurons to investigate whether and how S-oxiracetam (S-ORC) protect brain injury from ischemic stroke. The results revealed that S-ORC reduced brain infarct size and lessened neurological dysfunction after stroke...
January 19, 2018: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348887/rna-seq-expression-profiling-of-rat-mcao-model-following-reperfusion-orexin-a
#18
Chun-Mei Wang, Yan-You Pan, Ming-Hui Liu, Bao-Hua Cheng, Bo Bai, Jing Chen
Orexin-A is a neuropeptide with potent neuroprotective activity towards cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury, but few studies have attempted to elucidate the mechanism. Herein, we performed global gene expression profiling of the hippocampus following reperfusion with Orexin-A using RNA sequencing (RNA-seq). RNA-seq identified 649 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the Orexin-A group compared with saline controls (I/R group), of which 149 were up-regulated and 500 were down-regulated. DEGs were confirmed using qRT-PCR, their molecular functions, biological processes and molecular components were explored using Gene Ontology (GO) analysis and 206 KEGG pathways were associated with Orexin-A treatment...
December 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344983/anti-inflammatory-effect-of-4-methylcyclopentadecanonein-rats-submitted-to-ischemic-stroke
#19
Yan Jin, Fang Wei, Xiaoli Dai, Min Qi, Yukui Ma
The present study aimed to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of 4-methylcyclopentadecanone (4-MCPC) in rats suffering from a cerebral ischemia/ reperfusion (I/R) injury. In this study, the focal cerebral ischemia in rats was induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) for 2 h, and the rats were treated with 4-MCPC (8 mg/kg) just 0.5 h before reperfusion. The ischemic infarct volume was recorded 24 h after the MCAO. In addition, myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and TNF-α and IL-1β levels in the ischemic cerebral cortex were determined by ELISA, while nuclear translocation of NF-κB p65 subunit and expression of p-IκBα were investigated by western blotting...
January 18, 2018: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343040/-effect-of-picroside-%C3%A2-on-the-expression-of-mitochondrial-vdac1-after-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-in-rats
#20
S Li, T T Wang, L Zhai, W W Deng, Y L Guo, J X Jiang
Objective: To explore the effect of picroside Ⅱ on the expression of mitochondrial voltage-dependent anion channel 1 (VDAC1) in rats after cerebral ischemiareperfusion. Methods: A total of 70 Wistar rats models with middle cerebral artery occlusionreperfusion (MCAO/R) were randomly divided into the sham group, model group, picroside (Picr) group, ruthenium red (RuR) group, RuR+ Picr group, Spermine (Sper) group, Sper+ Picr group (n=10 per group). Modified neurological severity scale (mNSS) was used to evaluated the neurobehavioral function, the expression of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in brain tissues were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), the morphology of brain tissues was observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, the apoptotic cells were counted by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling assay (TUNEL), and the expressions of VDAC1 and endonuclease G (EndoG) were determined by immunohistochemical assay and Western blot...
January 9, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
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