keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Childhood maltreatment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775871/associations-between-abuse-neglect-and-adhd-from-childhood-to-young-adulthood-a-prospective-nationally-representative-twin-study
#1
Adi Stern, Jessica Agnew-Blais, Andrea Danese, Helen L Fisher, Sara R Jaffee, Timothy Matthews, Guilherme V Polanczyk, Louise Arseneault
Child maltreatment has consistently been found to be associated with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, the robustness of this association and the direction of the link between maltreatment and ADHD remain unclear. We used data from the Environmental Risk (E-Risk) Longitudinal Twin Study, a cohort of 2232 British twins, to investigate the associations between exposure to abuse/neglect and ADHD in childhood and in young adulthood, and to test their robustness and specificity. We also aimed to test longitudinal associations between abuse/neglect and ADHD from childhood to young adulthood, controlling for confounders...
May 15, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767624/the-maternal-brain-in-women-with-a-history-of-early-life-maltreatment-an-imagination-based-fmri-study-of-conflictual-versus-pleasant-interactions-with-children
#2
Corinne Neukel, Katja Bertsch, Anna Fuchs PhD, Anna-Lena Zietlow, Corinna Reck, Eva Moehler, Romuald Brunner, Felix Bermpohl, Sabine C Herpertz
BACKGROUND: Early-life maltreatment has severe consequences for the affected individual, and it has an impact on the next generation. To improve understanding of the intergenerational effects of abuse, we investigated the consequences of early-life maltreatment on maternal sensitivity and associated brain mechanisms during mother-child interactions. METHODS: In total, 47 mothers (22 with a history of physical and/or sexual childhood abuse and 25 without, all without current mental disorders) took part in a standardized real-life interaction with their 7- to 11-year-old child (not abused) and a subsequent functional imaging script-driven imagery task...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760952/downregulation-of-the-psychiatric-susceptibility-gene-cacna1c-promotes-mitochondrial-resilience-to-oxidative-stress-in-neuronal-cells
#3
Susanne Michels, Goutham K Ganjam, Helena Martins, Gerhard M Schratt, Markus Wöhr, Rainer K W Schwarting, Carsten Culmsee
Affective disorders such as major depression and bipolar disorder are among the most prevalent forms of mental illness and their etiologies involve complex interactions between genetic and environmental risk factors. Over the past ten years, several genome wide association studies (GWAS) have identified CACNA1C as one of the strongest genetic risk factors for the development of affective disorders. However, its role in disease pathogenesis is still largely unknown. Vulnerability to affective disorders also involves diverse environmental risk factors such as perinatal insults, childhood maltreatment, and other adverse pathophysiological or psychosocial life events...
2018: Cell Death Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758994/structural-and-functional-connectivity-underlying-grey-matter-covariance-impact-of-developmental-insult
#4
Casey Paquola, Maxwell Bennett, Jim Lagopoulos
Structural covariance networks (SCNs) may offer unique insights into the developmental impact of childhood maltreatment because they are thought to reflect coordinated maturation of distinct grey matter regions. T1-weighted magnetic resonance images were acquired from 121 young people with emerging mental illness. Diffusion weighted and resting state functional imaging was also acquired from a random subset of the participants (n=62). Ten study-specific SCNs were identified using a whole brain grey matter independent component analysis...
May 15, 2018: Brain Connectivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752663/understanding-the-pathways-between-mothers-childhood-maltreatment-experiences-and-patterns-of-insecure-attachment-with-young-children-via-symptoms-of-depression
#5
Maria Khan, Kimberly Renk
Although research has suggested that mothers who experienced childhood maltreatment tend to exhibit heightened risk for attachment difficulties with their young children, less is known about the mechanisms underlying this association. Thus, this study examined mothers' symptoms of depression as a mediator in the relationship between mothers' childhood maltreatment experiences and patterns of insecure (i.e., anxious, avoidant, and disorganized) mother-young child attachment. Mothers (N = 146) with children aged 1½-to 5-years provided ratings of their childhood maltreatment experiences, attachment with their young children, and symptoms of depression...
May 11, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740273/childhood-emotional-abuse-moderates-associations-among-corticomotor-white-matter-structure-and-stress-neuromodulators-in-women-with-and-without-depression
#6
Carlton P Frost, M Elizabeth Meyerand, Rasmus M Birn, Roxanne M Hoks, Erin C Walsh, Heather C Abercrombie
Adverse caregiving during development can produce long-lasting changes to neural, endocrine, and behavioral responses to stress, and is strongly related to elevated risk of adult psychopathology. While prior experience of adversity is associated with altered sympathetic nervous system (SNS) and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity, the underlying neural pathways are not completely understood. In a double-blind crossover study, we used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to examine whether variation in white matter structure predicts differences in HPA-SNS interactions as a function of early adversity...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734111/a-pernicious-cycle-finding-the-pathways-from-child-maltreatment-to-adolescent-peer-victimization
#7
Dalhee Yoon, Susan Yoon, Jiho Park, Miyoung Yoon
The purpose of this study was to identify the pathways from childhood physical and sexual abuse to adolescent physical and sexual victimization by assessing behavior symptoms (both internalizing and externalizing) and peer popularity as potential mediating variables. The data derive from Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect (LONGSCAN), which tracks the consequences of child abuse and neglect using five study sites across the US. Child physical and sexual abuse was measured at age 12 using self-reports of life-time maltreatment experiences...
May 4, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725700/profiles-of-childhood-trauma-and-psychopathology-us-national-epidemiologic-survey
#8
Emma Curran, Gary Adamson, Michael Rosato, Paul De Cock, Gerard Leavey
PURPOSE: Childhood trauma may increase vulnerability to numerous specific psychiatric disorders, or a generalised liability to experience dimensions of internalising or externalising psychopathology. We use a nationally representative sample (N = 34,653) to examine the long-term consequences of childhood trauma and their combined effect as predictors of subsequent psychopathology. METHODS: Data from the US National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions were used...
May 3, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688229/the-medical-assessment-of-fractures-in-suspected-child-maltreatment-infants-and-young-children-with-skeletal-injury
#9
Laurel Chauvin-Kimoff, Claire Allard-Dansereau, Margaret Colbourne
Fractures are common injuries in childhood. While most fractures are caused by accidental trauma, inflicted trauma (maltreatment) is a serious and potentially unrecognized cause of fractures, particularly in infants and young children. This practice point identifies the clinical features that prompt concern for inflicted skeletal injury and outlines a management approach based on current literature and published guidelines, including the clinician's duty to report suspicion of child abuse to child welfare authorities...
April 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686496/child-and-youth-advocacy-centres-a-change-in-practice-that-can-change-a-lifetime
#10
Christina L Shaffer, Tanya D Smith, Amy E Ornstein
While often a silent and invisible issue, childhood trauma is pervasive, and has profound individual, societal and economic impacts. Many forms of childhood trauma exist, including child physical and sexual abuse. Given the prevalence, impact and availability of prevention and intervention approaches, child abuse deserves the same level of awareness, policy priority and investment as is directed to other issues of significant public health importance. The complex issue of child abuse requires a coordinated multifaceted response, which minimizes system trauma and revictimization for the child and family...
April 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684628/inflammatory-markers-and-their-possible-effects-on-cognitive-function-in-women-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#11
Risa Imai, Hiroaki Hori, Mariko Itoh, Mingming Lin, Madoka Niwa, Keiko Ino, Sei Ogawa, Makiko Ishida, Atsushi Sekiguchi, Mie Matsui, Hiroshi Kunugi, Tatsuo Akechi, Toshiko Kamo, Yoshiharu Kim
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been associated with increased inflammation, albeit with some controversy. Another key feature of PTSD is compromised function in wide-ranging cognitive domains. Increased peripheral inflammation can contribute to cognitive dysfunction, although this relationship has not been studied in patients with PTSD. Here, we examined blood inflammatory markers in adult patients with PTSD compared to healthy controls taking account of potentially confounding effects of childhood maltreatment and comorbid major depressive disorder (MDD), and explored the association between inflammation and cognition...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679873/disentangling-the-mental-health-impact-of-childhood-abuse-and-neglect-a-replication-and-extension-study-in-a-brazilian-sample-of-high-risk-youth
#12
Irismar Reis de Oliveira, Ana Cristina Matos-Ragazzo, Yuning Zhang, Nina Maia Vasconcelos, Michella Lopes Velasquez, Daniela Reis, Monica Gonçalves Ribeiro, Marina Monzani da Rocha, Maria Conceição Rosario, Paul Stallard, Charlotte A M Cecil
Childhood maltreatment is a key predictor of mental health problems across the life span. Yet, how maltreatment types independently and jointly influence the risk for psychiatric problems remains unclear. The aim of the study was two-fold: first, to replicate recent findings regarding the impact of maltreatment types on youth psychiatric symptoms, based on a Brazilian sample of high-risk adolescents (n = 347; age range = 11-17 yrs), and second, to extend existing findings by examining whether this relationship is mediated by bullying victimization and/or perpetration...
April 18, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677607/association-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-non-medical-prescription-opioid-use-among-chinese-senior-high-school-students-the-moderating-role-of-gender
#13
Yiling Lei, Chuhao Xi, Pengsheng Li, Min Luo, Wanxin Wang, Siyuan Pan, Xue Gao, Yan Xu, Guoliang Huang, Xueqing Deng, Lan Guo, Ciyong Lu
BACKGROUND: Non-medical prescription opioid use (NMPOU) and childhood maltreatment are currently serious problems among adolescents worldwide, and childhood maltreatment may be associated with the increased rates of NMPOU. This study examined the specific associations between particular types of childhood maltreatment and lifetime NMPOU and assessed whether gender has a moderating effect on these associations. METHODS: A 3-stage, stratified cluster, randomized sampling method was used to collect data from 11,194 high school students in Chongqing...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674169/intergenerational-gene-%C3%A3-environment-interaction-of-fkbp5-and-childhood-maltreatment-on-hair-steroids
#14
Alexandra M Koenig, Laura Ramo-Fernández, Christina Boeck, Maria Umlauft, Markus Pauly, Elisabeth B Binder, Clemens Kirschbaum, Harald Gündel, Alexander Karabatsiakis, Iris-Tatjana Kolassa
BACKGROUND: The inconsistency in results of cortisol alterations after childhood maltreatment (CM) might arise due to the fact that no study so far considered the effects of environmental factors such as maltreatment load and genetic factors such as the influence of FKBP5 genotype on stress hormone regulation. This study analyzed the interaction between the single nucleotide polymorphism rs1360780 within the FKBP5 gene and the severity of maternal CM experiences (maltreatment load) on hair steroid levels of mother-infant-dyads...
April 5, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673618/association-between-maternal-childhood-maltreatment-and-mother-infant-attachment-disorganization-moderation-by-maternal-oxytocin-receptor-gene-and-cortisol-secretion
#15
Jaclyn A Ludmer, Andrea Gonzalez, James Kennedy, Mario Masellis, Paul Meinz, Leslie Atkinson
This study examined maternal oxytocin receptor (OXTR, rs53576) genotype and cortisol secretion as moderators of the relation between maternal childhood maltreatment history and disorganized mother-infant attachment in the Strange Situation Procedure (SSP). A community sample of 314 mother-infant dyads completed the SSP at infant age 17 months. Self-reported maltreatment history more strongly predicted mother-infant attachment disorganization score and disorganized classification for mothers with more plasticity alleles of OXTR (G), relative to mothers with fewer plasticity alleles...
April 16, 2018: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667495/common-transdiagnostic-cognitive-deficits-among-people-with-psychiatric-disorders-exposed-to-childhood-maltreatment-a-meta-analysis
#16
Alexandra R-Mercier, Marjolaine Masson, Eve-Line Bussières, Caroline Cellard
INTRODUCTION: Previous meta-analyses have shown a moderate negative impact of maltreatment on the neuropsychological functioning of people with or without psychiatric disorders compared to healthy groups. The objectives of the present meta-analysis were to (1) investigate the impact of maltreatment on neuropsychological functioning of people with psychiatric disorders and to (2) evaluate the moderating effect of age, at the time of the cognitive assessment, on neuropsychological functioning...
April 18, 2018: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656217/religiosity-and-interpersonal-problems-explain-individual-differences-in-self-esteem-among-young-adults-with-child-maltreatment-experiences
#17
Jonathan C Waldron, Angela Scarpa, Jungmeen Kim-Spoon
Child maltreatment can have a lasting impact, which is why it is important to understand factors that may exacerbate or mitigate self-esteem difficulties in adulthood. Although there is tremendous benefit that can come from religion and spirituality, few studies examine religious views after child maltreatment. Subsequent interpersonal difficulties may also affect self-esteem in maltreatment survivors. This study sought to examine interpersonal problems and religiosity as mediators in the link between childhood maltreatment and self-esteem in adulthood...
April 12, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623035/maltreatment-the-oxytocin-receptor-gene-and-conduct-problems-among-male-and-female-teenagers
#18
Dimitrios Andreou, Erika Comasco, Cecilia Åslund, Kent W Nilsson, Sheilagh Hodgins
The oxytocin receptor gene ( OXTR ) influences human behavior. The G allele of OXTR rs53576 has been associated with both prosocial and maladaptive behaviors but few studies have taken account of environmental factors. The present study determined whether the association of childhood maltreatment with conduct problems was modified by OXTR rs53576 genotypes. In a general population sample of 1591 teenagers, conduct problems as well as maltreatment were measured by self-report. DNA was extracted from saliva samples...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621692/attachment-across-the-lifespan-insights-from-adoptive-families
#19
REVIEW
Kenneth Lee Raby, Mary Dozier
Research with adoptive families offers novel insights into longstanding questions about the significance of attachment across the lifespan. We illustrate this by reviewing adoption research addressing two of attachment theory's central ideas. First, studies of children who were adopted after experiencing severe adversity offer powerful tests of the unique consequences of experiences in early attachment relationships. Although children who experience early maltreatment or institutionalization show remarkable recovery in the quality of their attachments after being placed with their adoptive families, experiencing pre-adoptive adversity also has long-lasting repercussions for these individuals' later attachment representations...
March 26, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616910/the-case-for-including-adverse-childhood-experiences-in-child-maltreatment-education-a-path-analysis
#20
Michael Bachmann, Brittany A Bachmann
CONTEXT: The lifelong, negative consequences of exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) for individuals and their families are well established. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the importance of including ACE information in child maltreatment education curricula using path analysis. DESIGN: Survey data examined the impact of child maltreatment education programs and knowledge about ACEs on medical practitioners' reporting habits and ability to detect maltreatment...
March 16, 2018: Permanente Journal
keyword
keyword
119707
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"