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Childhood maltreatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349479/resilience-and-protective-factors-among-people-with-a-history-of-child-maltreatment-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Xiangfei Meng, Marie-Josee Fleury, Yu-Tao Xiang, Muzi Li, Carl D'Arcy
PURPOSE: To provide an overview of resilience and protective factors associated with a better life following child maltreatment exposure, to compare protective factors across specific subtypes of maltreatment, and to explore existing issues in the current state of the literature. METHODS: Electronic databases and grey literature up to October 2017 were systematically searched for English language with observational study designs for the research on resilience and childhood maltreatment...
January 18, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348532/amygdala-orbitofrontal-structural-and-functional-connectivity-in-females-with-anxiety-disorders-with-and-without-a-history-of-conduct-disorder
#2
Philip Lindner, Pär Flodin, Peter Larm, Meenal Budhiraja, Ivanka Savic-Berglund, Jussi Jokinen, Jari Tiihonen, Sheilagh Hodgins
Conduct disorder (CD) and anxiety disorders (ADs) are often comorbid and both are characterized by hyper-sensitivity to threat, and reduced structural and functional connectivity between the amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex (OFC). Previous studies of CD have not taken account of ADs nor directly compared connectivity in the two disorders. We examined three groups of young women: 23 presenting CD and lifetime AD; 30 presenting lifetime AD and not CD; and 17 with neither disorder (ND). Participants completed clinical assessments and diffusion-weighted and resting-state functional MRI scans...
January 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347895/-childhood-experiences-of-adolescents-in-boarding-schools-a-comparison-with-adolescents-in-residential-care-and-with-the-general-population
#3
Thea Rau, Jeannine Ohlert, Jörg M Fegert, Sabine Andresen, Andrea Pohling, Marc Allroggen
Childhood Experiences of Adolescents in Boarding Schools. A Comparison with Adolescents in Residential Care and with the General Population Various studies indicate that students in boarding schools experience a lot of violence during their accommodation. However, it is not proved whether adolescents in boarding schools are also a burdensome group regarding early childhood experiences such as neglect and abuse. The aim of the study was to find out more about the experiences of adolescents in boarding schools and to determine whether there are differences between adolescents in residential care and between the general population...
January 2018: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330410/the-impact-of-comt-and-childhood-maltreatment-on-suicidal-behaviour-in-affective-disorders
#4
Alexandra Bernegger, Klemens Kienesberger, Laura Carlberg, Patrick Swoboda, Birgit Ludwig, Romina Koller, Michelle Inaner, Melanie Zotter, Nestor Kapusta, Martin Aigner, Helmuth Haslacher, Siegfried Kasper, Alexandra Schosser
The inconsistent findings on the association between COMT (catecholamine-O-methyl-transferase) and suicidal behaviour gave reason to choose a clear phenotype description of suicidal behaviour and take childhood maltreatment as environmental factor into account. The aim of this candidate-gene-association study was to eliminate heterogeneity within the sample by only recruiting affective disorder patients and find associations between COMT polymorphisms and defined suicidal phenotypes. In a sample of 258 affective disorder patients a detailed clinical assessment (e...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329060/affective-and-cognitive-reactivity-to-mood-induction-in-chronic-depression
#5
Anne Guhn, Philipp Sterzer, Friderike H Haack, Stephan Köhler
BACKGROUND: Chronic depression (CD) is strongly associated with childhood maltreatment, which has been proposed to lead to inefficient coping styles that are characterized by abnormal affective responsiveness and dysfunctional cognitive attitudes. However, while this notion forms an important basis for psychotherapeutic strategies in the treatment of CD, there is still little direct empirical evidence for a role of altered affective and cognitive reactivity in CD. The present study therefore experimentally investigated affective and cognitive reactivity to two forms of negative mood induction in CD patients versus a healthy control sample (HC)...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329058/association-of-comorbid-personality-disorders-with-clinical-characteristics-and-outcome-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-two-psychotherapies-for-early-onset-persistent-depressive-disorder
#6
Nele Erkens, Elisabeth Schramm, Levente Kriston, Martin Hautzinger, Martin Härter, Ulrich Schweiger, Jan Philipp Klein
BACKGROUND: Persistent depressive disorder (PDD) is associated with high rates of comorbid personality disorders (PD). The association of comorbid PD and clinical characteristics has not been systematically studied in PDD. Results regarding effects on treatment outcome are heterogeneous. METHODS: We analyzed the association of comorbid personality disorders with clinical characteristics and outcome in a randomized controlled trial comparing the disorder-specific Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy (CBASP) with nonspecific supportive psychotherapy (SP) in patients with early-onset PDD...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317599/dna-methylome-variation-in-a-perinatal-nurse-visitation-program-that-reduces-child-maltreatment-a-27-year-follow-up
#7
Kieran J O'Donnell, Li Chen, Julia L MacIsaac, Lisa M McEwen, Thao Nguyen, Katherine Beckmann, Yuecai Zhu, Lawrence Ming Chen, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, David Goldman, Elena L Grigorenko, James F Leckman, Josie Diorio, Neerja Karnani, David L Olds, Joanna D Holbrook, Michael S Kobor, Michael J Meaney
This study reveals the influence of child maltreatment on DNA methylation across the genome and provides the first evidence that a psychosocial intervention program, the Nurse Family Partnership (NFP), which targets mothers at risk for abusive parenting, associates with variation in the DNA methylome in adult offspring. The 188 participants were born to women randomly assigned to control (n = 99) or nurse-visited intervention groups (n = 89) and provided blood samples and a diagnostic interview at age 27 years...
January 10, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316648/effects-of-early-neglect-experience-on-recognition-and-processing-of-facial-expressions-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Victoria Doretto, Sandra Scivoletto
Background: Child neglect is highly prevalent and associated with a series of biological and social consequences. Early neglect may alter the recognition of emotional faces, but its precise impact remains unclear. We aim to review and analyze data from recent literature about recognition and processing of facial expressions in individuals with history of childhood neglect. Methods: We conducted a systematic review using PubMed, PsycINFO, ScIELO and EMBASE databases in the search of studies for the past 10 years...
January 6, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313252/childhood-maltreatment-is-associated-with-increased-neural-response-to-ambiguous-threatening-facial-expressions-in-adulthood-evidence-from-the-late-positive-potential
#9
Aislinn Sandre, Paige Ethridge, Insub Kim, Anna Weinberg
Childhood maltreatment increases lifetime vulnerability for psychopathology. One proposed mechanism for this association is that early maltreatment increases vigilance for and attention to subtle threat cues, persisting outside of the environment in which maltreatment occurs. To test this possibility, the present study examined neural responses to ambiguous and nonambiguous threatening facial expressions in a sample of 25 adults reporting a history of low-to-moderate levels of abuse in childhood and 46 reporting no or low levels of childhood maltreatment...
January 8, 2018: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310741/childhood-interpersonal-violence-and-adult-alcohol-cannabis-and-tobacco-use-disorders-variation-by-race-ethnicity
#10
Jacquelyn L Meyers, Carolyn E Sartor, Kimberly B Werner, Karestan C Koenen, Bridget F Grant, Deborah Hasin
BACKGROUND: Exposure to child maltreatment has been shown to increase lifetime risk for substance use disorders (SUD). However, this has not been systematically examined among race/ethnic groups, for whom rates of exposure to assaultive violence and SUD differ. This study examined variation by race/ethnicity and gender in associations of alcohol (AUD), cannabis (CUD), and tobacco (TUD) use disorders with three types of childhood interpersonal violence (cIPV): physical abuse, sexual abuse, and witnessing parental violence...
January 9, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310443/the-combination-of-sibling-victimization-and-parental-child-maltreatment-on-mental-health-problems-and-delinquency
#11
Sheila R van Berkel, Corinna Jenkins Tucker, David Finkelhor
This study examined how the combination of sibling victimization and parental child maltreatment is related to mental health problems and delinquency in childhood and adolescence. Co-occurrence, additive associations, and interactive associations of sibling victimization and parental child maltreatment were investigated using a sample of 2,053 children aged 5-17 years from the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence. The results provide primarily evidence for additive associations and only suggest some co-occurrence and interactive associations of sibling victimization and child maltreatment...
January 1, 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306947/childhood-maltreatment-in-women-with-borderline-personality-disorder-chronic-depression-and-episodic-depression-and-in-healthy-controls
#12
Eva-Lotta Brakemeier, Jana Dobias, Julia Hertel, Martin Bohus, Matthias F Limberger, Elisabeth Schramm, Martina Radtke, Patrick Frank, Frank Padberg, Lena Sabass, Andrea Jobst, Gitta A Jacob, Nele Struck, Johannes Zimmermann, Claus Normann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2018: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306939/does-childhood-maltreatment-moderate-the-effect-of-the-cognitive-behavioral-analysis-system-of-psychotherapy-versus-supportive-psychotherapy-in-persistent-depressive-disorder
#13
Jan Philipp Klein, Nele Erkens, Ulrich Schweiger, Levente Kriston, Paul Bausch, Ingo Zobel, Martin Hautzinger, Dieter Schoepf, Ilinca Serbanescu, Josef Bailer, Matthias Backenstrass, Katrin Wambach, Henrik Walter, Martin Härter, Elisabeth Schramm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2018: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306689/genetic-variants-in-oxytocin-receptor-gene-oxtr-and-childhood-physical-abuse-collaborate-to-modify-the-risk-of-aggression-in-chinese-adolescents
#14
Yanmei Zhang, Chunxia Wu, Hongjuan Chang, Qiuge Yan, Linguo Wu, Shanshan Yuan, Jingjing Xiang, Wen Hao, Yizhen Yu
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence suggests that genetic and environmental factors may influence aggression susceptibility. However, the etiology of aggressive behavior remains unknown. Compared to some extensively studied candidate genes of aggression, very little is known about the OXTR gene. The objective of this study was to determine whether OXTR genetic variants were associated with aggression risk and whether these polymorphisms showed interactive effects with childhood maltreatment on aggression in Chinese adolescents...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294892/factors-associated-with-child-maltreatment-among-children-aged-11-to-17-years-in-community-settings-of-karachi-pakistan-using-belsky-ecological-framework
#15
Maryam Pyar Ali Lakhdir, Salima Farooq, Uzma Rahim Khan, Yasmin Parpio, Syed Iqbal Azam, Junaid Razzak, Anjiya Aslam Laljee, Muhammad Masood Kadir
Child maltreatment is considered as a global social issue and results as combined effect of parental background, socioeconomic environment, family structure, and child characteristics. The aim of this study was to determine factors associated with child maltreatment among children aged 11 to 17 years in Karachi, Pakistan. A cross-sectional survey of 800 pairs (children ranging from 11 to 17 years old and their parents) was randomly selected from 32 clusters of Karachi, using multistage cluster sampling. A structured questionnaire was adopted from the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (International Child Abuse Screening Tool for Parent [ICAST-P] and for Child [ICAST-C])...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294889/mediating-factors-explaining-the-association-between-sexual-minority-status-and-dating-violence
#16
Alexa Martin-Storey, Kim Fromme
Dating violence presents a serious threat for individual health and well-being. A growing body of literature suggests that starting in adolescence, individuals with sexual minority identities (e.g., individuals who identify as gay, lesbian, or bisexual) may be at an increased risk for dating violence compared with heterosexuals. Research has not, however, identified the mechanisms that explain this vulnerability. Using a diverse sample of young adults ( n = 2,474), the current study explored how minority stress theory, revictimization theory, sex of sexual partners, and risky sexual behavior explained differences in dating violence between sexual minority and heterosexual young adults...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294795/environmental-dysfunctions-childhood-maltreatment-and-women-s-intimate-partner-violence-victimization
#17
Maria Lo Cascio, Cinzia Guarnaccia, Maria Rita Infurna, Laura Mancuso, Anna Maria Parroco, Francesca Giannone
Childhood maltreatment is considered a crucial explanatory variable for intimate partner violence (IPV) in adulthood. However, a developmental multifactorial model for the etiology of IPV is not shared by researchers yet. This study has investigated the role of a wide range of childhood maltreatments and family and social dysfunctions in predicting IPV; furthermore, it tests a model where childhood maltreatment mediates the relationship between environmental dysfunctions and IPV. The sample included 78 women: IPV (38) and non-IPV (40)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294721/developmental-timing-of-childhood-physical-and-sexual-maltreatment-predicts-adult-depression-and-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms
#18
Jessica Jaye Capretto
Child physical and sexual maltreatment have emerged as documented risk factors for a wide range of health problems in adulthood, including depression and post-traumatic stress symptoms. Prior research focuses on generalized childhood adversities without accounting for how different critical details about the maltreatment may affect outcomes in adulthood. The present study examines the impact of two critical details, timing and type of child maltreatment, on depression and post-traumatic stress symptoms in adulthood...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294696/the-role-of-traumatic-childhood-experiences-in-predicting-a-disposition-to-risk-taking-and-aggression-in-turkish-university-students
#19
Hatice Odacı, Çiğdem Berber Çelik
The purpose of this research was to determine whether or not traumatic childhood experiences in childhood predict a disposition to risk-taking and aggression among university students. The participants consisted of 851 students: 477 (56.1%) females and 374 (43.9%) males attending various faculties at the Karadeniz Technical University in Turkey. The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, Adolescent Risk-Taking Scale, Aggression Questionnaire, and Personal Information Form were used for data collection. The analysis results revealed a positive correlation between traumatic experiences (physical, sexual, emotional maltreatment, and emotional neglect) and risk-taking and aggression...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288867/differential-effects-of-childhood-neglect-and-abuse-during-sensitive-exposure-periods-on-male-and-female-hippocampus
#20
Martin H Teicher, Carl M Anderson, Kyoko Ohashi, Alaptagin Khan, Cynthia E McGreenery, Elizabeth A Bolger, Michael L Rohan, Gordana D Vitaliano
The hippocampus is a highly stress susceptible structure and hippocampal abnormalities have been reported in a host of psychiatric disorders including major depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The hippocampus appears to be particularly susceptible to early life stress with a graded reduction in volume based on number of types (multiplicity) or severity of maltreatment. We assessed whether the most important predictors of adult hippocampal volume were multiplicity, severity or duration of exposure or timing of maltreatment during developmental sensitive periods...
December 27, 2017: NeuroImage
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