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Childhood maltreatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933610/resilience-mediates-impact-of-some-childhood-maltreatment-on-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-conscripted-marines-in-the-republic-of-korea
#1
Heejung Kim, Sun Ah Kim, Seongsook Kong
Although it is known that post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) can result from military service, the variance in PTSS unexplained by military service warrants further investigation, and no researchers have investigated South Korean Marines' vulnerability during their 2-year conscripted service as the first line of national defense against threats from North Korea. This study was designed to examine whether resilience mediated the relationship between childhood maltreatment and PTSS in 169 Korean conscripts into the Marine Corps...
December 9, 2016: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920222/rethinking-the-measurement-of-adversity-moving-toward-second-generation-research-on-adverse-childhood-experiences
#2
Joshua P Mersky, Colleen E Janczewski, James Topitzes
Research on adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) has unified the study of interrelated risks and generated insights into the origins of disorder and disease. Ten indicators of child maltreatment and household dysfunction are widely accepted as ACEs, but further progress requires a more systematic approach to conceptualizing and measuring ACEs. Using data from a diverse, low-income sample of women who received home visiting services in Wisconsin (N = 1,241), this study assessed the prevalence of and interrelations among 10 conventional ACEs and 7 potential ACEs: family financial problems, food insecurity, homelessness, parental absence, parent/sibling death, bullying, and violent crime...
December 5, 2016: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914238/intergenerational-transmission-of-child-abuse-and-neglect-do-maltreatment-type-perpetrator-and-substantiation-status-matter
#3
Jessica Dym Bartlett, Chie Kotake, Rebecca Fauth, M Ann Easterbrooks
A maternal history of childhood maltreatment is thought to be a potent risk factor for child abuse and neglect, yet the extent of continuity across generations is unclear, with studies reporting vastly different rates of intergenerational transmission. Disparate findings may be due to lack of attention to the nature of maltreatment experiences in each generation. We sought to expand the current literature by examining the role of maltreatment type, perpetrator identity, and substantiation status of reports to child protective services (CPS) on intergenerational maltreatment among adolescent mothers (n=417) and their children...
November 30, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914236/disentangling-the-mental-health-impact-of-childhood-abuse-and-neglect
#4
Charlotte A M Cecil, Essi Viding, Pasco Fearon, Danya Glaser, Eamon J McCrory
It is unclear whether maltreatment types exert common or specific effects on mental health. In the current study, we aimed to systematically characterize the unique, shared and cumulative effects of maltreatment types on psychiatric symptoms, using data drawn from a community sample of high-risk youth (n=204, M=18.85). Analyses controlled for a range of potentially confounding variables, including socio-demographic variables, neighbourhood deprivation and levels of community violence exposure. Outcome measures included multi-informant reports of internalizing difficulties, as well as data on externalizing problems and trauma-related symptoms...
November 30, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908895/childhood-maltreatment-and-characteristics-of-adult-depression-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Janna Nelson, Anne Klumparendt, Philipp Doebler, Thomas Ehring
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment has been discussed as a risk factor for the development and maintenance of depression. AIMS: To examine the relationship between childhood maltreatment and adult depression with regard to depression incidence, severity, age at onset, course of illness and treatment response. METHOD: We conducted meta-analyses of original articles reporting an association between childhood maltreatment and depression outcomes in adult populations...
December 1, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907177/correction-predicting-response-trajectories-during-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-panic-disorder-no-association-with-the-bdnf-gene-or-childhood-maltreatment
#6
Martí Santacana, Bárbara Arias, Marina Mitjans, Albert Bonillo, María Montoro, Sílvia Rosado, Roser Guillamat, Vicenç Vallès, Víctor Pérez, Carlos G Forero, Miquel A Fullana
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0158224.].
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889563/parent-and-peer-pathways-linking-childhood-experiences-of-abuse-with-marijuana-use-in-adolescence-and-adulthood
#7
W Alex Mason, M Jean Russo, Mary B Chmelka, Roy C Herrenkohl, Todd I Herrenkohl
INTRODUCTION: The social developmental processes by which child maltreatment increases risk for marijuana use are understudied. This study examined hypothesized parent and peer pathways linking preschool abuse and sexual abuse with adolescent and adult marijuana use. METHODS: Analyses used data from the Lehigh Longitudinal Study. Measures included child abuse (physical abuse, emotional abuse, domestic violence, and neglect) in preschool, sexual abuse up to age 18, adolescent (average age=18years) parental attachment and peer marijuana approval/use, as well as adolescent and adult (average age=36years) marijuana use...
November 17, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888955/emotion-dysregulation-mediates-between-childhood-emotional-abuse-and-motives-for-substance-use
#8
Usha Barahmand, Ali Khazaee, Goudarz Sadeghi Hashjin
The purpose of this study is to assess the relative mediating effects of impulsivity and emotion dysregulation in the relationship between childhood maltreatment and motives for opiate use. Seventy four adolescent users of Tramadol, a synthetic opiate, were recruited from a boot camp for de-addiction and rehabilitation services for the study. Data were collected between May, 2014 and November, 2014. Participants completed assessments of childhood abuse history, difficulties regulating emotions, impulsiveness and motives for substance use as well as a socio-demographic information sheet...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884508/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-behavioral-problems-in-middle-childhood
#9
Tenah K A Hunt, Kristen S Slack, Lawrence M Berger
Children who have been exposed to maltreatment and other adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are at increased risk for various negative adult health outcomes, including cancer, liver disease, substance abuse, and depression. However, the proximal associations between ACEs and behavioral outcomes during the middle childhood years have been understudied. In addition, many of the ACE studies contain methodological limitations such as reliance on retrospective reports and limited generalizability to populations of lower socioeconomic advantage...
November 21, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875756/patterns-of-cortisol-and-alpha-amylase-reactivity-to-psychosocial-stress-in-maltreated-women
#10
Alyssa S Mielock, Matthew C Morris, Uma Rao
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment can trigger enduring changes in major stress response systems, particularly in the context of major depressive disorder (MDD). However, the relative impact of maltreatment versus MDD on hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and sympathetic-adrenal-medullary system stress reactivity is not well understood. METHOD: This study examined salivary cortisol and alpha-amylase responses to the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) in 26 maltreated (15 with current MDD) and 26 non-maltreated (17 with current MDD) women...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868422/correction-to-dennison-et-al-2016
#11
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Neurobehavioral markers of resilience to depression amongst adolescents exposed to child abuse" by Meg J. Dennison, Margaret A. Sheridan, Daniel S. Busso, Jessica L. Jenness, Matthew Peverill, Maya L. Rosen and Katie A. McLaughlin (Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 2016[Nov], Vol 125[8], 1201-1212). In the original record, there was an error in the title. The word "Adolescents" was singular. The online version of this article has been corrected.(The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2016-52992-014...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851897/neuropsychological-functioning-of-childhood-trauma-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
S Malarbi, H M Abu-Rayya, F Muscara, R Stargatt
This study reviewed evidence for cognitive impairments in trauma-exposed children with and without PTSD. Twenty-seven studies were eligible for meta-analysis, totalling 1526 participants, including 412 trauma-exposed children (PTSD unknown), 300 children with PTSD (PTSD+), 323 children without PTSD (PTSD-), and 491 trauma-naive controls. Eligible studies mostly investigated familial-maltreatment trauma (k=22). Trauma-exposed children (PTSD unknown) performed more poorly overall than controls (d=-0.57). Cognitive deficits were seen in PTSD+ compared to controls, including a large effect size (ES) for general intelligence (d=-0...
November 13, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846829/gender-moderates-the-relationship-between-childhood-abuse-and-internalizing-and-substance-use-disorders-later-in-life-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#13
Xiangfei Meng, Carl D'Arcy
BACKGROUND: Although some studies examined the moderating role of gender in the relationship between childhood maltreatment and mental disorders later in life, a number of them examined the effects of only one or two types of maltreatment on an individual mental disorder, for instance, depression, substance use. It is of considerable clinical and theoretical importance to have in-depth understanding what roles of different types of childhood abuse play out in a wide range of mental disorders among women and men using well accepted instruments measuring abuse and mental disorders...
November 15, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842522/what-is-the-impact-of-child-abuse-on-gray-matter-abnormalities-in-individuals-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-case-control-study
#14
Sung Jun Ahn, Sunghyon Kyeong, Sang Hyun Suh, Jae-Jin Kim, Tae-Sub Chung, Jeong-Ho Seok
BACKGROUND: Patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) present heterogeneous clinical symptoms, and childhood abuse is associated with deepening of psychopathology. The aim of this study was to identify structural brain abnormalities in MDD and to assess further differences in gray matter density (GMD) associated with childhood abuse in MDD. METHODS: Differences in regional GMD between 34 MDD patients and 26 healthy controls were assessed using magnetic resonance imaging and optimized voxel-based morphometry...
November 14, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842464/attachment-anxiety-and-avoidance-as-mediators-of-the-association-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-adult-personality-dysfunction
#15
Lisa J Cohen, Firouz Ardalan, Thachell Tanis, Winter Halmi, Igor Galynker, Agnes Von Wyl, Michael P Hengartner
This paper tests the hypothesis that the association between childhood maltreatment and adult personality dysfunction is at least partially attributable to insecure attachment, that is that attachment style mediates the relationship between childhood maltreatment and adult personality dysfunction. Associations between childhood trauma, as measured by the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), anxious and avoidant attachment in romantic relationships, as measured by the Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised (ECR-R), and five personality domains, as measured by the Severity Indices of Personality Problems (SIPP-118), were examined in a sample of 72 psychiatric inpatients...
November 14, 2016: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832090/neurofunctional-abnormalities-during-sustained-attention-in-severe-childhood-abuse
#16
Lena Lim, Heledd Hart, Mitul A Mehta, Andrew Simmons, Kah Mirza, Katya Rubia
Childhood maltreatment is associated with adverse affective and cognitive consequences including impaired emotion processing, inhibition and attention. However, the majority of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies in childhood maltreatment have examined emotion processing, while very few studies have tested the neurofunctional substrates of cognitive functions and none of attention. This study investigated the association between severe childhood abuse and fMRI brain activation during a parametric sustained attention task with a progressively increasing load of sustained attention in 21 medication-naïve, drug-free young people with a history of childhood abuse controlling for psychiatric comorbidities by including 19 psychiatric controls matched for psychiatric diagnoses, and 27 healthy controls...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831734/relations-between-traumatic-stress-dimensions-of-impulsivity-and-reactive-and-appetitive-aggression-in-individuals-with-refugee-status
#17
Mareike Augsburger, Katalin Dohrmann, Maggie Schauer, Thomas Elbert
Objective: Traumatic stressors and other forms of adversities, especially when experienced during childhood, shape aggressive behavior. Effects of differential dimensions of impulsivity on the relationship between psychological trauma, reactive aggression (defensive survival response to threat), and appetitive aggression (the pleasure of attacking and fighting) have not yet been assessed. Method: Using structural equation modeling, we sought to uncover precursors of reactive and appetitive aggression investigating a sample of 94 adult individuals with refugee status...
November 10, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829190/frontal-brain-asymmetry-childhood-maltreatment-and-low-grade-inflammation-at-midlife
#18
Camelia E Hostinar, Richard J Davidson, Eileen K Graham, Daniel K Mroczek, Margie E Lachman, Teresa E Seeman, Carien M van Reekum, Gregory E Miller
Frontal EEG asymmetry is thought to reflect variations in affective style, such that greater relative right frontal activity at rest predicts enhanced emotional responding to threatening or negative stimuli, and risk of depression and anxiety disorders. A diathesis-stress model has been proposed to explain how this neuro-affective style might predispose to psychopathology, with greater right frontal activity being a vulnerability factor especially under stressful conditions. Less is known about the extent to which greater relative right frontal activity at rest might be associated with or be a diathesis for deleterious physical health outcomes...
January 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822027/childhood-maltreatment-as-a-risk-factor-for-copd-findings-from-a-population-based-survey-of-canadian-adults
#19
Margot E Shields, Wendy E Hovdestad, Charles P Gilbert, Lil E Tonmyr
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the associations between childhood maltreatment (CM) and COPD in adulthood. METHODS: Data were from 15,902 respondents to the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey - Mental Health. Multiple logistic regression models were used to examine associations between CM and COPD and the role of smoking and mental and substance use variables as mediators in associations. RESULTS: COPD in adulthood was related to CM, with associations differing by sex...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821370/ptsd-social-anxiety-disorder-and-trauma-an-examination-of-the-influence-of-trauma-type-on-comorbidity-using-a-nationally-representative-sample
#20
Katherine A McMillan, Gordon J G Asmundson
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and social anxiety disorder (SAD) are highly comorbid (Collimore et al., 2010). Trauma may present a shared environmental factor contributing to the development of comorbidity; however, existent research has been hampered by use of restrictive samples and limitations in the range of traumas investigated. The current study examines the relationship between a broad range of potentially traumatic events and the comorbidity between PTSD and SAD using Wave 2 of the National Epidemiological Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions (n=34,653)...
October 18, 2016: Psychiatry Research
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