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Childhood maltreatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327414/posttraumatic-symptom-profiles-among-adult-survivors-of-childhood-sexual-abuse-a-longitudinal-study
#1
Iris M Steine, Dagfinn Winje, Jens Christoffer Skogen, John H Krystal, Anne Marita Milde, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Inger Hilde Nordhus, Janne Grønli, Ståle Pallesen
In the present study, our aim was to examine longitudinal posttraumatic stress symptom (PTSS) trajectories in a Norwegian sample of adults who had experienced sexual abuse during childhood, and to identify predictors of PTSS-trajectory belongingness. The sample consisted of 138 adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse (96.4% women, mean age=42.9years, mean age at the first abuse=5.9 years), recruited from support centers for sexual abuse survivors. The majority (78.3%) reported penetrative abuse, and a large proportion of the sample reported that the perpetrator was a biological parent (38...
March 16, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326741/the-impact-of-childhood-adversities-on-anxiety-and-depressive-disorders-in-adulthood
#2
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: The childhood adversities model is generally accepted as a predictor of adult psychopathology vulnerability. It stems from child development theories, but the question remains as of how well solid research supports it. The aim of this article is to give a review of the studies concerning childhood adversities and their impact on the development of anxiety disorders and major depressive disorder in adulthood. METHOD: A computerized search of the MEDLINE database of publications up to 31 March 2016 was done, using the keywords "childhood adversities, abuse, maltreatment, bullying" and "anxiety disorders, depressive disorder"...
December 22, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326653/the-impact-of-childhood-maltreatment-on-the-differential-efficacy-of-cbasp-versus-escitalopram-in-patients-with-chronic-depression-a-secondary-analysis
#3
Paul Bausch, Thomas Fangmeier, Ingo Zobel, Dieter Schoepf, Sarah Drost, Knut Schnell, Henrik Walter, Mathias Berger, Claus Normann, Elisabeth Schramm
Childhood maltreatment (CM) has been indicated as a predictor of a differential response to antidepressant treatment with psychotherapy compared to medication. In this secondary analysis, we investigated whether the presence of CM results in a differential indication for the Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy (CBASP) or escitalopram plus clinical management (ESC). Sixty patients with chronic depression were randomized to either 22 sessions of CBASP or ESC over the course of 8 weeks of acute and 20 weeks of extended treatment at 2 German treatment sites...
March 21, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326160/the-neural-correlates-of-childhood-maltreatment-and-the-ability-to-understand-mental-states-of-others
#4
Charlotte C van Schie, Anne-Laura van Harmelen, Kirsten Hauber, Albert Boon, Eveline A Crone, Bernet M Elzinga
Background: Emotional abuse and emotional neglect are related to impaired interpersonal functioning. One underlying mechanism could be a developmental delay in mentalizing, the ability to understand other people's thoughts and emotions. Objective: This study investigates the neural correlates of mentalizing and the specific relationship with emotional abuse and neglect whilst taking into account the level of sexual abuse, physical abuse and physical neglect. Method: The RMET was performed in an fMRI scanner by 46 adolescents (Age: M = 18...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326110/relationship-between-childhood-maltreatment-suicidality-and-bipolarity-a-retrospective-study
#5
Young-Min Park
OBJECTIVE: The aims of current study were to determine whether childhood maltreatment contributes to the occurrence of major depressive disorder (MDD) with bipolarity or suicidality. METHODS: In total, 132 outpatients diagnosed with MDD between 2014 and 2015 on the medical records were included. The subjects were divided into two groups according to the presence of childhood maltreatment (CM group) and no childhood maltreatment (NCM group). Depression severity and bipolarity were identified using Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Korean version of Mood Disorder Questionnaire (K-MDQ) respectively on the medical records...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318411/predicting-a-dissociative-disorder-from-type-of-childhood-maltreatment-and-abuser-abused-relational-tie
#6
Christa Krüger, Lizelle Fletcher
We investigate the types of childhood maltreatment and abuser-abused relational ties that best predict a dissociative disorder (DD). Psychiatric inpatients (n = 116; mean age = 35; F:M = 1.28:1) completed measures of dissociation and trauma. Abuse type and abuser-abused relational ties were recorded in the Traumatic Experiences Questionnaire. Multidisciplinary team clinical diagnosis or administration of the SCID-D-R to high dissociators confirmed DD diagnoses. Logit models described the relationships between abuser-abused relational tie and the diagnostic grouping of patients, DD present (n = 16) or DD absent (n = 100)...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318309/the-moderating-effect-of-risk-exposure-on-an-efficacious-intervention-for-maltreated-children
#7
Lindsey M Weiler, Heather N Taussig
The current study extends research on the impact of the Fostering Healthy Futures program (Taussig & Culhane, 2010), a 9-month mentoring and skills group preventive intervention for maltreated children, by examining whether the effect of Fostering Healthy Futures is moderated by children's baseline risk exposure (i.e., number of adverse childhood experiences). Participants included 156 racially and ethnically diverse children (ages 9-11, 50.7% female) recently placed in foster care due to maltreatment who were randomized to intervention or control conditions...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314952/stress-related-salivary-alpha-amylase-saa-activity-in-alcohol-dependent-patients-with-and-without-a-history-of-childhood-maltreatment
#8
Markus Muehlhan, Anja Höcker, Michael Höfler, Klaus Wiedemann, Sven Barnow, Ingo Schäfer
RATIONALE: Alcohol-dependent (AD) patients with a history of childhood maltreatment (CM) have shown a more severe clinical profile and a higher risk of relapse than those without CM. It was hypothesized that stress responsivity plays an important role in moderating the relationship between CM and AD. Surprisingly, systematic investigations about the stress responsivity in AD patients with CM are rare. OBJECTIVE: This study compared physiological and subjective stress responses in AD patients with and without CM as well as in healthy controls with and without CM...
March 18, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295339/annual-research-review-childhood-maltreatment-latent-vulnerability-and-the-shift-to-preventative-psychiatry-the-contribution-of-functional-brain-imaging
#9
REVIEW
Eamon J McCrory, Mattia I Gerin, Essi Viding
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment is a potent predictor of poor mental health across the life span. We argue that there is a need to improve the understanding of the mechanisms that confer psychiatric vulnerability following maltreatment, if we are to progress from simply treating those with a manifest disorder, to developing effective preventative approaches that can help offset the likelihood that such disorders will emerge in the first place. METHODS: We review extant functional neuroimaging studies of children and adolescents exposed to early neglect and/or maltreatment, including physical, sexual and emotional abuse across four neurocognitive domains: threat processing, reward processing, emotion regulation and executive control...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285316/the-interaction-of-childhood-maltreatment-sex-and-borderline-personality-features-in-the-prediction-of-the-cortisol-awakening-response-in-adolescents
#10
Michael Kaess, Sarah Whittle, Julian G Simmons, Martina Jovev, Nicholas B Allen, Andrew M Chanen
AIMS: The study aimed to investigate childhood maltreatment, sex, and borderline personality disorder (BPD) symptoms as prospective predictors of adolescent hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis reactivity. METHOD: A sample of 69 adolescents (30 female and 39 male) were selected from a larger longitudinal study of adolescent development and assessed at 3 time points. BPD symptoms were assessed at T1 (approx. 12.5 years), childhood maltreatment was assessed at T2 (approx...
March 11, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284895/disengaged-parenting-structural-equation-modeling-with-child-abuse-insecure-attachment-and-adult-symptomatology
#11
John Briere, Marsha Runtz, Erin Eadie, Noémie Bigras, Natacha Godbout
Based on attachment theory, we hypothesized that self-reported childhood experiences of disengaged parenting (DP) would predict adults' psychological symptoms even more than, on average, childhood sexual, physical, or psychological abuse. In a large (N=640) university sample, bootstrapped multiple regression analyses indicated that although various forms of child maltreatment were correlated with symptomatology at the univariate level, DP was the primary multivariate predictor. Structural equation modeling indicated significant direct paths from (a) DP to both nonsexual child maltreatment and sexual abuse, (b) DP and nonsexual child maltreatment to insecure attachment, and (c) sexual abuse and insecure attachment to symptomatology...
March 9, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282597/intimate-partner-violence-and-the-overlap-of-perpetration-and-victimization-considering-the-influence-of-physical-sexual-and-emotional-abuse-in-childhood
#12
Tara N Richards, Marie Skubak Tillyer, Emily M Wright
Using data from Wave 4 of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, this study examined the independent relationship of childhood maltreatment type (emotional, sexual, physical) on IPV victimization and perpetration; then mutually exclusive categories of IPV involvement (victimization, perpetration, and victimization/perpetration) were investigated. IPV victimization and perpetration were assessed using items from the revised Conflict Tactics Scales. A series of binary regression models and multinomial regression models were estimated...
March 7, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282596/childhood-maltreatment-postnatal-distress-and-the-protective-role-of-social-support
#13
K Schury, J Zimmermann, M Umlauft, A L Hulbert, H Guendel, U Ziegenhain, I-T Kolassa
The postpartum period is a vulnerable period for women with a history of childhood maltreatment. This study investigated the association between childhood maltreatment and postnatal distress three months postpartum and examined the role of social support provided by different sources (intimate partner, parents, parents-in-law, and friends). Analyses are based on N=66 women, who were screened for maltreatment experiences shortly after parturition with the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire. Their levels of postnatal distress (symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress; assessed with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the 4-Item version of the Perceived Stress Scale) and postpartum social support (measured with the Postpartum Social Support Questionnaire) were assessed three months postpartum...
March 9, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271181/erratum-to-history-of-maltreatment-in-childhood-and-subsequent-parenting-stress-in-at-risk-first-time-mothers-identifying-points-of-intervention-during-home-visiting
#14
Chad E Shenk, Robert T Ammerman, Angelique R Teeters, Heather E Bensman, Elizabeth K Allen, Frank W Putnam, Judith B Van Ginkel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263726/prevalence-and-predictors-of-breastfeeding-after-childhood-abuse
#15
Meghan Eagen-Torkko, Lisa Kane Low, Ruth Zielinski, Julia S Seng
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence and predictors of breastfeeding intent and outcomes in women with histories of childhood maltreatment trauma (CMT), including those with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a prospective observational cohort study of the effects of PTSD on perinatal outcomes. SETTING: Prenatal clinics in three health systems in the Midwestern United States. PARTICIPANTS: Women older than 18 years expecting their first infants, comprising three groups: women who experienced CMT but did not have PTSD (CMT-resilient), women with a history of CMT and PTSD (CMT-PTSD), and women with no history of CMT (CMT-nonexposed)...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263090/childhood-maltreatment-as-predictor-of-pathological-personality-traits-using-psy-5-in-an-adult-psychiatric-sample
#16
Ji Young Choi, Soo Hyun Park
Extant literature indicates that childhood maltreatment is significantly associated with personality disorders. With the recent call for a more dimensional approach to understanding personality and pathological personality traits, the aim of the present study was to examine whether the experience of childhood maltreatment is associated with pathological personality traits as measured by the Personality Psychopathology Five (PSY-5). We analyzed data from 557 adult psychiatric patients with diverse psychiatric diagnoses, including mood disorders, schizophrenia spectrum disorders, and anxiety disorders...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262605/impulsivity-as-a-moderator-of-the-associations-between-child-maltreatment-types-and-body-mass-index
#17
Shaquanna Brown, Tarrah B Mitchell, Paula J Fite, Marco Bortolato
Child maltreatment has emerged as an important risk factor for adult obesity (Danese & Tan, 2014; Hemmingsson et al., 2014). However, there is a need for research delineating the factors that play a role in this association. Impulsivity has been shown to be associated with both child maltreatment (Brodsky et al., 2001) and body mass index (BMI; Cortese et al., 2008; Thamotharan et al., 2013). Further, given previous research showing that adverse events interact with impulsivity to predict hazardous drinking behaviors (Fox et al...
March 2, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259811/examining-the-disconnect-between-psychometric-models-and-clinical-reality-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#18
Mark Shevlin, Philip Hyland, Thanos Karatzias, Jonathan I Bisson, Neil P Roberts
There have been many factor analytic studies aimed at testing alternative latent structures of DSM-IV and DSM-5 posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. The primary rationale for such studies is that determining the 'best' factor analytic model will result in better diagnoses if that structure is the basis for diagnostic decisions. However, there appears to be a disconnect between the factor analytic modelling and the diagnostic implications. In this study, we derived prevalence rates based on commonly reported models of PTSD, based on data from two clinical samples (N=434), and also assessed if the different models generated consistent risk estimates in relation to the effects of childhood maltreatment...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259090/gender-based-differences-in-injecting-drug-use-by-young-adults-who-experienced-maltreatment-in-childhood-findings-from-an-australian-birth-cohort-study
#19
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Steve Kisely, Gail Williams, Alexandra Clavarino, Lane Strathearn, Jake Moses Najman
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment has been associated with a range of adverse mental and psychosocial outcomes, but its association with subsequent injecting drug use (IDU) is less clear. This study investigates the associations between specific and multiple forms of substantiated childhood maltreatment and IDU reported at 21 years. METHOD: The Mater-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy is a prospective birth cohort study. It recruited pregnant women at their first antenatal clinic visit and collected data on their children at 21 years...
February 20, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244601/reduced-hair-cortisol-after-maltreatment-mediates-externalizing-symptoms-in-middle-childhood-and-adolescence
#20
Lars O White, Marcus Ising, Kai von Klitzing, Susan Sierau, Andrea Michel, Annette M Klein, Anna Andreas, Jan Keil, Leonhard Quintero, Bertram Müller-Myhsok, Manfred Uhr, Ruth Gausche, Jody T Manly, Michael J Crowley, Clemens Kirschbaum, Tobias Stalder
BACKGROUND: The enduring impact of childhood maltreatment on biological systems and ensuing psychopathology remains incompletely understood. Long-term effects of stress may be reflected in cumulative cortisol secretion over several months, which is now quantifiable via hair cortisol concentrations (HCC). We conducted a first comprehensive investigation utilizing the potential of hair cortisol analysis in a large sample of maltreated and nonmaltreated children and adolescents. METHOD: Participants included 537 children and adolescents (3-16 years; 272 females) with maltreatment (n = 245) or without maltreatment histories (n = 292)...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
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