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Laser surgery larynx,hypopharynx

F von Scotti, M Kapsreiter, C Scherl, H Iro, C Bohr
OBJECTIVE: After that the establishment of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) for head and neck cancer has been adopted in North America, it has also recently been adopted in Europe. In these parts, transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) is widely applied. The aim of the study was to identify the absolute number of operations amenable to TORS at a TORS initiating institution on the basis of all former TLM cases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All laser surgery procedures from May 2004 to April 2013 (108 months) were initially retrospectively registered; after that, all stage pT1 and pT2 squamous cell carcinomas of the oropharynx, hypopharynx, and larynx were selected...
May 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Lalee Varghese, John Mathew, Subhashini John, Anand Job
INTRODUCTION: Radical laryngeal surgeries for extensive laryngeal and hypopharyngeal tumors often require a permanent tracheostomy, which has an immense impact on the quality of life of patients. A minimally invasive technique such as transoral laser microresection (TLM) followed by radiotherapy can preserve the functions of the voice and swallowing. The aim of this study is to evaluate the role of laser debulking in the treatment of carcinoma of the larynx and hypopharynx, to evaluate the response of the tumor to subsequent radiotherapy, and also to assess the usefulness of laser in avoiding tracheostomy and functional preservation of the voice and swallowing...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Carlos Miguel Chiesa Estomba, Frank Alberto Betances Reinoso, Alejandra Osorio Velasquez, Jose Luis Rodriguez Fernandez, Jose Luis Fariña Conde, Carmelo Santidrian Hidalgo
INTRODUCTION: Transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) has won territory in larynx oncology, establishing itself as an effective option in treatment of glottic, supraglottic, and hypopharynx tumors. Its advantages include limited resections, a reduction in number of tracheostomies, and the use of nasogastric tubes. Moreover, its oncological benefits are similar to those from open surgery in patients with early or advanced stages, when correctly selected. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to review oncologic outcomes obtained with the treatment of a series of glottic tumors, treated by TLM...
July 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Carlos Miguel Chiesa Estomba, Frank Alberto Betances Reinoso, Alejandra Osorio Velasquez, Jose Luis Rodriguez Fernandez, Jose Luis Fariña Conde, Carmelo Santidrian Hidalgo
Introduction Transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) has established itself as an effective option in the management of malignant tumors of the glottis, supraglottis, and hypopharynx. Nonetheless, TLM is not a harmless technique. Complications such as bleeding, dyspnea, or ignition of the air may appear in this type of surgery. Objective The aim of this study is to describe the complications that occurred in a group of patients treated for glottic and supraglottic carcinomas in all stages by TLM. Methods This study is a retrospective analysis of patients diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma of the glottis and supraglottis for all stages (T1, T2, T3, T4), N -/ + , M -/+ treated with TLM between January 2009 and March 2012 in a tertiary hospital...
April 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Shun-Ichi Chitose, Kiminori Sato, Mioko Fukahori, Shintaro Sueyoshi, Takashi Kurita, Takeharu Ono, Buichiro Shin, Ryota Mihashi, Hirohito Umeno
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) for hypopharyngeal cancer results in a lower incidence of complications than conventional open surgery. However, additional knowledge regarding the histoanatomical characteristics of the hypopharynx is necessary to prevent severe complications during TLM. The purpose of this study is to investigate the histoanatomical characteristics of the hypopharynx for TLM. STUDY DESIGN: Histoanatomical study. METHODS: Whole organ serial sections of three hypopharynges and larynges from autopsy cases were subjected to hematoxylin & eosin and Elastica van Gieson staining...
August 2016: Laryngoscope
Balazs B Lörincz, Chia-Jung Busch, Nikolaus Möckelmann, Rainald Knecht
Over the past 5 years, transoral robotic surgery (TORS) has become well established as one of the standard treatment options for T1 and T2 oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Besides this main indication, TORS can provide with improved access to other subsites of the upper aerodigestive tract as well, such as the supraglottic larynx and the hypopharynx, with superior visibility and maneuverability to that of transoral laser microsurgery (TOLM). Since September 2011, over one hundred TORS procedures have been performed at our institution, predominantly for oropharyngeal cancer...
October 2015: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
S Mattheis, S Lang
INTRODUCTION: Within the last years transoral robotic surgery (TORS) with endoscopic visualization and surgery has gained importance in the resection of head and neck tumors and is an alternative to transoral laser microsurgery. The further development of transoral endoscopic systems should enhance the surgical options and reduce the surgery related morbidity. Thus, we evaluated a new flexible endoscopy system in cadaver -dissections. METHODS: In March 2014 we performed all standard procedures of transoral tumor surgery in the oropharynx, hypopharynx and larynx in 3 fresh cadaveric specimens using the Medrobotics Flex(®) System...
January 2015: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
G Peretti, C Piazza, F Del Bon, D Cocco, L De Benedetto, S Mangili
The management of Zenker's diverticulum remains controversial, as both external and endoscopic procedures are potentially associated with post-operative complications and risks. The endoscopic approach is based on cricopharyngeal myotomy or myectomy by laser, cautery or stapling. A retrospective chart review has been made from December 1994 to April 2009 of all patients with Zenker's diverticulum treated by endoscopic cricopharyngeal myectomy using CO(2) laser at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery of the University of Brescia, Italy...
February 2010: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
Jose L Blanch, I Vilaseca, M Bernal-Sprekelsen, J J Grau, M Moragas, J Traserra-Coderch, M Caballero, F Sabater, J M Guilemany, L Alos
Histological affected or close margin is an adverse factor in conventional surgery of larynx-hypopharynx cancer. Our objective was to analyze the relevance of the margins in transoral laser microsurgery (TLM). A retrospective study of 357 consecutive patients with cancer of the larynx and hypopharynx (T1-T4) treated with TLM. Three possible margins were considered: tumor free, affected, and uncertain. An affected margin showed marked tumor infiltration. An uncertain margin was defined when the sample was insufficient, when it showed carbonization impeding accurate evaluation, or when tumor cells were less than 2 mm...
September 2007: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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