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Dynamic contrasted enhance MRI

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640847/heart-rate-lowering-treatment-leads-to-a-reduction-in-vulnerable-plaque-features-in-atherosclerotic-rabbits
#1
Raf H M van Hoof, Evelien Hermeling, Judith C Sluimer, Julie Salzmann, Arnold P G Hoeks, Jérôme Roussel, Mat J A P Daemen, Harry Struijker-Boudier, Joachim E Wildberger, Sylvia Heeneman, M Eline Kooi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of a heart rate (HR) lowering agent (Ivabradine) on features of atherosclerotic plaque vulnerability with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasound imaging, and histology. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Atherosclerosis was induced in the abdominal aorta of 19 rabbits. Nine rabbits were treated with Ivabradine (17 mg/kg/day) during the entire study period. At week 14, imaging was performed. Plaque size was quantified on contrast-enhanced T1-weighted MR images...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627037/quantitative-gd-dota-uptake-from-cerebrospinal-fluid-into-rat-brain-using-3d-vfa-spgr-at-9-4t
#2
Hedok Lee, Kristian Mortensen, Simon Sanggaard, Palle Koch, Hans Brunner, Bjørn Quistorff, Maiken Nedergaard, Helene Benveniste
PURPOSE: We propose a quantitative technique to assess solute uptake into the brain parenchyma based on dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI). With this approach, a small molecular weight paramagnetic contrast agent (Gd-DOTA) is infused in the cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) and whole brain gadolinium concentration maps are derived. METHODS: We implemented a 3D variable flip angle spoiled gradient echo (VFA-SPGR) longitudinal relaxation time (T1) technique, the accuracy of which was cross-validated by way of inversion recovery rapid acquisition with relaxation enhancement (IR-RARE) using phantoms...
June 19, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626998/large-coverage-black-bright-blood-interleaved-imaging-sequence-labbi-for-3d-dynamic-contrast-enhanced-mri-of-vessel-wall
#3
Haikun Qi, Feng Huang, Zechen Zhou, Peter Koken, Niranjan Balu, Bida Zhang, Chun Yuan, Huijun Chen
PURPOSE: To propose a large coverage black-bright blood interleaved imaging sequence (LaBBI) for 3D dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) of the vessel wall. METHODS: LaBBI consists of a 3D black-blood stack-of-stars golden angle radial acquisition with high spatial resolution for vessel wall imaging and a 2D bright-blood Cartesian acquisition with high temporal resolution for arterial input function estimation. The two acquisitions were performed in an interleaved fashion within a single scan...
June 19, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625899/medulloblastoma-with-atypical-dynamic-imaging-changes-a-case-report-with-literature-review
#4
Shuang-Shuang Song, Jian-Hong Wang, Wei-Wei Fu, Ying Li, Qing-Lan Sui, Xue-Jun Liu
OBJECTIVE: We analyzed a case of medulloblastoma with atypical dynamic imaging changes retrospectively to summarized the atypical MRI features of medulloblastoma by reviewing the literature. METHODS: One atypical case of medulloblastoma in the cerebellar hemisphere confirmed by pathology was analyzed retrospectively, and the literature about it was reviewed. RESULTS: The radiologic findings of the patient were based on three examinations. The first examination showed that the cortex of the bilateral cerebellar hemisphere had diffuse nodular thickening, with a high signal on DWI imaging and significant enhancement...
June 15, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624006/multi-parametric-mp-mri-for-the-diagnosis-of-abdominal-wall-desmoid-tumors
#5
Maneesh Khanna, Subramaniyan Ramanathan, Aalaa Salaheldin Kambal, Mohammed Al-Berawi, Santosh Yadav, Devendra Kumar, Nicola Schieda
INTRODUCTION: Desmoid tumors are benign myofibroblastic neoplasms, originating from the muscle aponeurosis and classified as deep fibromatoses. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of multi-parametric (mp)-MRI for the diagnosis of abdominal wall desmoid tumor (awdt). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This Institutional review board approved retrospective study compared 10 patients (mean age±SD; 38.2±13years; 9 females and 1 male) with awdt to 14 subjects (mean age±SD; 45...
July 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623038/perfusion-kinetics-in-human-brain-tumor-with-dce-mri-derived-model-and-cfd-analysis
#6
A Bhandari, A Bansal, A Singh, N Sinha
Cancer is one of the leading causes of death all over the world. Among the strategies that are used for cancer treatment, the effectiveness of chemotherapy is often hindered by factors such as irregular and non-uniform uptake of drugs inside tumor. Thus, accurate prediction of drug transport and deposition inside tumor is crucial for increasing the effectiveness of chemotherapeutic treatment. In this study, a computational model of human brain tumor is developed that incorporates dynamic contrast enhanced-magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) data into a voxelized porous media model...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622680/optimized-multi-stable-stochastic-resonance-for-the-enhancement-of-pituitary-micoadenoma-in-mri
#7
Munendra Singh, Ashish Verma, Neeraj Sharma
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the modality of choice as far as imaging diagnosis of pathologies in the pituitary gland is concerned. Further, the advent of dynamic contrast enhanced (DCE) has enhanced the capability of this modality in detecting minute benign but endocrinologically significant tumors called microadenoma. These lesions are visible with difficulty and a low confidence level in routine MRI sequences, even after administration of intravenous gadolinium. Techniques to enhance the visualization of such foci would be an asset in improving the overall accuracy of DCE-MRI for detection of pituitary microadenomas...
June 13, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622412/textural-analysis-of-early-phase-spatiotemporal-changes-in-contrast-enhancement-of-breast-lesions-imaged-with-an-ultrafast-dce-mri-protocol
#8
Jana Milenković, Mehmet Ufuk Dalmış, Janez Žgajnar, Bram Platel
PURPOSE: New ultrafast view-sharing sequences have enabled breast dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) to be performed at high spatial and temporal resolution. The aim of this study is to evaluate the diagnostic potential of textural features that quantify the spatiotemporal changes of the contrast-agent uptake in computer-aided diagnosis of malignant and benign breast lesions imaged with high spatial and temporal resolution DCE-MRI. METHOD: The proposed approach is based on the textural analysis quantifying the spatial variation of six dynamic features of the early-phase contrast-agent uptake of a lesion's largest cross-sectional area...
June 16, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617993/rigid-body-motion-correction-of-the-liver-in-image-reconstruction-for-golden-angle-stack-of-stars-dce-mri
#9
Adam Johansson, James Balter, Yue Cao
PURPOSE: Respiratory motion can affect pharmacokinetic perfusion parameters quantified from liver dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI. Image registration can be used to align dynamic images after reconstruction. However, intra-image motion blur remains after alignment and can alter the shape of contrast-agent uptake curves. We introduce a method to correct for inter- and intra-image motion during image reconstruction. METHODS: Sixteen liver dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI examinations of nine subjects were performed using a golden-angle stack-of-stars sequence...
June 15, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608403/mitochondria-targeted-antioxidant-mitoq-reduced-renal-damage-caused-by-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rodent-kidneys-longitudinal-observations-of-t2-weighted-imaging-and-dynamic-contrast-enhanced-mri
#10
Xiaoge Liu, Michael P Murphy, Wei Xing, Huanhuan Wu, Rui Zhang, Haoran Sun
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of mitochondria-targeted antioxidant MitoQ in reducing the severity of renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) in rats using T2 -weighted imaging and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI). METHODS: Ischemia-reperfusion injury was induced by temporarily clamping the left renal artery. Rats were pretreated with MitoQ or saline. The MRI examination was performed before and after IRI (days 2, 5, 7, and 14). The T2 -weighted standardized signal intensity of the outer stripe of the outer medulla (OSOM) was measured...
June 12, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608162/diffusion-weighted-imaging-for-assessment-of-synovial-inflammation-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-promising-imaging-biomarker-as-an-alternative-to-gadolinium-based-contrast-agents
#11
Anouk M Barendregt, E Charlotte van Gulik, Cristina Lavini, Charlotte M Nusman, J Merlijn van den Berg, Dieneke Schonenberg-Meinema, Koert M Dolman, Taco W Kuijpers, Robert Hemke, Mario Maas
OBJECTIVES: To compare dynamic-contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in quantifying synovial inflammation in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). METHODS: Regions of interest (ROI) were drawn in the synovium of JIA patients on T1 DCE and T2 DWI, followed by extraction of the maximum enhancement (ME), maximum initial slope (MIS), time to peak (TTP), % of different time intensity curve shapes (TIC) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of the ROIs...
June 12, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606264/-the-value-of-dce-mri-in-assessing-the-course-of-thyroid-associated-ophthalmopathy
#12
T Wu, D R Tang, F Wang, S Xia, F Y Sun
Objective: To explore the feasibility of the semi-quantitative rectus extraocular muscle (EOM) parameters of dynamic contrast-enhanced magetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) in assessing the clinical course of thyroid associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). Methods: It was a retrospective case series study. A total of 136 cases of TAO were recruited from March 2011 to October 2012 in the Tianjin the first center hospital including 63 males and 72 females, aged 24.0-65.0 years, with an average age of (40.5±10.9) years...
June 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596583/dynamic-contrast-enhanced-mri-in-renal-tumors-common-subtype-differentiation-using-pharmacokinetics
#13
Hai-Yi Wang, Zi-Hua Su, Xiao Xu, Ning Huang, Zhi-Peng Sun, Ying-Wei Wang, Lu Li, Ai-Tao Guo, Xin Chen, Xin Ma, Lin Ma, Hui-Yi Ye
Preoperative renal tumor subtype differentiation is important for radiology and urology in clinical practice. Pharmacokinetic data (K (trans) & V e, etc.) derived from dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) have been used to investigate tumor vessel permeability. In this prospective study on DCE-MRI pharmacokinetic studies, we enrolled patients with five common renal tumor subtypes: clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC; n = 65), papillary renal cell carcinoma (pRCC; n = 12), chromophobic renal cell carcinoma (cRCC; n = 9), uroepithelial carcinoma (UEC; n = 14), and fat-poor angiomyolipoma (fpAML; n = 10)...
June 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596576/knee-subchondral-bone-perfusion-and-its-relationship-to-marrow-fat-and-trabeculation-on-multi-parametric-mri-and-micro-ct-in-experimental-ckd
#14
Chao-Ying Wang, Yu-Juei Hsu, Yi-Jen Peng, Herng-Sheng Lee, Yue-Cune Chang, Chih-Shan Chang, Shih-Wei Chiang, Yi-Chih Hsu, Ming-Huang Lin, Guo-Shu Huang
The pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is multifactorial. In the progression of CKD arthropathy, arteriosclerosis may alter the knee subchondral bone marrow by altering blood flow through the bone vasculature. Herein, multi-parametric MRI assessment, including dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI), magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), MRI T2*, contrast enhanced MR angiography (CE-MRA), and micro-CT were applied in a rodent nephrectomy model to: 1) investigate the blood perfusion of subchondral bone marrow and its relationship to fat water content and trabeculation pattern in CKD and 2) demonstrate the feasibility of using multi-parametric MRI parameters as imaging biomarkers to evaluate the disease's progression...
June 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595752/improved-outcome-of-131-i-mibg-treatment-through-combination-with-external-beam-radiotherapy-in-the-sk-n-sh-mouse-model-of-neuroblastoma
#15
Aurélien Corroyer-Dulmont, Nadia Falzone, Veerle Kersemans, James Thompson, Danny P Allen, Sarah Able, Christiana Kartsonaki, Javian Malcolm, Paul Kinchesh, Mark A Hill, Boris Vojnovic, Sean C Smart, Mark N Gaze, Katherine A Vallis
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of different schedules for combining external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) with molecular radiotherapy (MRT) using (131)I-mIBG in the management of neuroblastoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: BALB/c nu/nu mice bearing SK-N-SH neuroblastoma xenografts were assigned to five treatment groups: (131)I-mIBG 24h after EBRT, EBRT 6days after (131)I-mIBG, EBRT alone, (131)I-mIBG alone and control (untreated). A total of 56 mice were assigned to 3 studies...
June 5, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594645/novel-imaging-techniques-in-gynaecological-cancer
#16
Vincent Vandecaveye, Raphaëla Dresen, Frederik De Keyzer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe the added value of novel functional MRI techniques towards detection, staging, characterization, response monitoring and prognostication in gynaecological cancer. RECENT FINDINGS: Functional MRI including diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI)-MRI and dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE)-MRI adds structural, hemodynamic and physiological information to anatomical MRI. In endometrial and cervical cancer, the addition of DWI-MRI and DCE-MRI improves tumour detection as well as staging of uterine and extra-uterine pelvic spread...
June 7, 2017: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593433/additional-value-of-diffusion-weighted-imaging-to-evaluate-multifocal-and-multicentric-breast-cancer-detected-using-pre-operative-breast-mri
#17
Sung Eun Song, Eun Kyung Park, Kyu Ran Cho, Bo Kyoung Seo, Ok Hee Woo, Seung Pil Jung, Sung Bum Cho
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) aids pre-operative dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) to evaluate additional lesions in breast cancer patients. METHODS: DCE-MRI and DWI were performed on 131 lesions, with available histopathological results. The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of each lesion was measured, and the cut-off value for differentiation between malignant and benign lesions was calculated...
June 7, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590780/intravoxel-incoherent-motion-and-dynamic-contrast-enhanced-mri-for-differentiation-between-hepatocellular-adenoma-and-focal-nodular-hyperplasia
#18
Naim Jerjir, Luk Bruyneel, Marc Haspeslagh, Sarah Quenet, Kenneth Coenegrachts
OBJECTIVES: To examine if intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) can be used as new and supplemental MRI technique to differentiate hepatocellular adenomas (HCAs) from focal nodular hyperplasias (FNHs) and analyse if diffusion parameter ADC and IVIM parameter D differ in doing so. METHODS: This prospective study included 21 patients (8 HCAs and 13 FNHs) who underwent a specifically designed MRI scanning protocol, including series for analysis of IVIM (4 b-values 0, 10, 150 and 800 s/mm(2)) and DCE-MRI...
June 7, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587332/three-dimensional-arterial-spin-labeling-imaging-and-dynamic-susceptibility-contrast-perfusion-weighted-imaging-value-in-diagnosing-glioma-grade-prior-to-surgery
#19
Hong Ma, Zizheng Wang, Kai Xu, Zefeng Shao, Chun Yang, Peng Xu, Xiaohua Liu, Chunfeng Hu, Xin Lu, Yutao Rong
The current study aimed to investigate whole-brain three-dimensional arterial spin labeling imaging (3D ASL) and dynamic susceptibility contrast perfusion-weighted imaging (DSC-PWI), in regards to their diagnostic value of preoperative glioma grade. The parameter values obtained after correction will be correlated with the diagnostic value of 3D ASL and DSC-PWI perfusion. In the current study, 50 patients with gliomas confirmed by pathology were used, including 27 low-grade gliomas (LGGs) and 23 high-grade gliomas (HGGs)...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583630/evaluating-the-effect-of-rectal-distension-on-prostate-multiparametric-mri-image-quality
#20
Iztok Caglic, Nienke L Hansen, Rhys A Slough, Andrew J Patterson, Tristan Barrett
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of rectal distension on the quality of anatomical and functional prostate multiparametric (mp) MRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Multiparametric (mp) 3T-MRI images of 173 patients were independently evaluated by two radiologists in this retrospective study. Planimetry rectal volumes were derived and a subjective assessment of rectal distension was made using a 5-point Likert scale (1=no stool/gas, 5=large amount of stool/gas). Image quality of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) was evaluated using a 5-point Likert scale...
May 2017: European Journal of Radiology
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