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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908456/framework-for-the-assessment-of-pems-portable-emissions-measurement-systems-uncertainty
#1
Barouch Giechaskiel, Michael Clairotte, Victor Valverde-Morales, Pierre Bonnel, Zlatko Kregar, Vicente Franco, Panagiota Dilara
European regulation 2016/427 (the first package of the so-called Real-Driving Emissions (RDE) regulation) introduced on-road testing with Portable Emissions Measurement Systems (PEMS) to complement the chassis dynamometer laboratory (Type I) test for the type approval of light-duty vehicles in the European Union since September 2017. The Not-To-Exceed (NTE) limit for a pollutant is the Type I test limit multiplied by a conformity factor that includes a margin for the additional measurement uncertainty of PEMS relative to standard laboratory equipment...
June 13, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908314/quality-control-of-goji-fruits-of-lycium-barbarum-l-and-l-chinense-mill-a-value-chain-analysis-perspective
#2
Ruyu Yao, Michael Heinrich, Zigui Wang, Caroline S Weckerle
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Goji (fruits of Lycium barbarum L. and L. chinense Mill., Solanaceae) have been used as a traditional food and medicine for hundreds of years in Asian countries and are now consumed globally. Quality of herbal medicines is critical for safe use and has been shown to be affected by value chains. AIM OF THE STUDY: Using a value chain (VC) framework, we aim at understanding the influence of different VC types on goji quality and revenue of stakeholders...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908266/human-specific-approaches-to-brain-research-for-the-21-st-century-a-south-american-perspective
#3
Marcia Triunfol, Stevens Rehen, Marina Simian, Troy Seidle
The 21 st century paradigm in toxicology, which emphasizes mechanistic understanding and species-relevant modeling of human biology and pathophysiology, is gaining traction in the wider biosciences through a global workshop series organized by the BioMed21 Collaboration. The second of this series, entitled Emerging Technology Toward Pathway-Based Human Brain Research, was held in Brazil in 2017, bringing together leading South American and international scientists, research funders and other stakeholders...
June 13, 2018: Drug Discovery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908019/health-needs-and-priorities-of-syrian-refugees-in-camps-and-urban-settings-in-jordan-perspectives-of-refugees-and-health-care-providers
#4
Tala Al-Rousan, Zaker Schwabkey, Lara Jirmanus, Brett D Nelson
Background: The United Nations has declared the Syrian refugee crisis to be the biggest humanitarian emergency of our era. Neighbouring countries, such as Jordan, strain to meet the health needs of Syrian refugees in addition to their own citizens given limited resources. Objectives: This study aimed to determine the perspectives of Syrian refugees in Jordan, Jordanian health care providers and other stakeholders in addressing the public health issues of the refugee crisis...
June 10, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907659/overview-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-awareness-among-farmers-and-veterinarians-in-france
#5
Noémie Raut, Julie Rivière, Soline Hosteing, Eric Collin, Stéphanie Philizot, Olivier Debaere, Gina Zanella
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is of major concern in most countries including Europe, where no outbreaks have occurred since a decade. Indeed, the risk of FMD introduction from infected countries is not negligible and the awareness of field stakeholders (farmers, veterinarians) is essential to ensure an effective detection of the viral circulation. The French veterinary services launched in 2015 a survey to estimate the awareness of farmers and veterinarians and their knowledge about epidemiological and regulatory aspects of FMD...
June 15, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907601/pragmatic-and-evidence-based-approach-to-paediatric-cerebrospinal-fluid-reference-limits-for-white-cell-count-and-concentrations-of-total-protein-and-glucose
#6
Nicky Josman, Nancy W S Tee, Matthias Maiwald, Liat Hui Loo, Clement K M Ho
BACKGROUND: It is often impractical for each laboratory to establish its own paediatric reference intervals. This is particularly true for specimen types collected using invasive procedures, for example, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). METHODS: Published CSF reference intervals for white cell count, and concentrations of total protein and glucose were reviewed by stakeholders in a paediatric hospital. Consensus reference intervals for the three CSF parameters were then subjected to verification using guidelines from the Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute and residual CSF specimens...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907407/comparative-risk-assessment-of-oil-spill-response-options-for-a-deepwater-oil-well-blowout-part-ii-relative-risk-methodology
#7
Michael Bock, Hilary Robinson, Richard Wenning, Deborah French-McCay, Jill Rowe, Ann Hayward Walker
Subsea dispersant injection (SSDI) was a new oil spill response (OSR) technology deployed during the Deepwater Horizon accident. To integrate SSDI into future OSR decisions, a hypothetical deepwater oil spill to the Gulf of Mexico was simulated and a comparative risk assessment (CRA) tool applied to contrast three response strategies: (1) no intervention; (2) mechanical recovery, in-situ burning, and surface dispersants; and, (3) SSDI in addition to responses in (2). A comparative ecological risk assessment (CRA) was applied to multiple valued ecosystem components (VECs) inhabiting different environmental compartments (ECs) using EC-specific exposure and relative VEC population density and recovery time indices...
June 12, 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907338/artificial-intelligence-in-radiation-oncology-a-specialty-wide-disruptive-transformation
#8
REVIEW
Reid F Thompson, Gilmer Valdes, Clifton D Fuller, Colin M Carpenter, Olivier Morin, Sanjay Aneja, William D Lindsay, Hugo J W L Aerts, Barbara Agrimson, Curtiland Deville, Seth A Rosenthal, James B Yu, Charles R Thomas
Artificial intelligence (AI) is emerging as a technology with the power to transform established industries, and with applications from automated manufacturing to advertising and facial recognition to fully autonomous transportation. Advances in each of these domains have led some to call AI the "fourth" industrial revolution [1]. In healthcare, AI is emerging as both a productive and disruptive force across many disciplines. This is perhaps most evident in Diagnostic Radiology and Pathology, specialties largely built around the processing and complex interpretation of medical images, where the role of AI is increasingly seen as both a boon and a threat...
June 12, 2018: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907317/the-role-of-pharmacists-in-general-practice-a-realist-review
#9
REVIEW
Claire Anderson, Kevin Zhan, Matthew Boyd, Claire Mann
BACKGROUND: The review was carried out to inform the evaluation of the clinical pharmacists in general practice pilot scheme, a world leading initiative to improve health care delivery in England. Around 500 pharmacists are already working in general practice as part of the pilot, launched in July 2015. OBJECTIVES: The review attempts to explain the how pharmacists working in general practice is being implemented in the UK and beyond, what works well, what does not work so well and everything in-between...
June 12, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907158/addressing-overuse-of-health-services-in-health-systems-a-critical-interpretive-synthesis
#10
REVIEW
Moriah E Ellen, Michael G Wilson, Marcela Vélez, Ruth Shach, John N Lavis, Jeremy M Grimshaw, Kaelan A Moat
BACKGROUND: Health systems are increasingly focusing on the issue of 'overuse' of health services and how to address it. We developed a framework focused on (1) the rationale and context for health systems prioritising addressing overuse, (2) elements of a comprehensive process and approach to reduce overuse and (3) implementation considerations for addressing overuse. METHODS: We conducted a critical interpretive synthesis informed by a stakeholder-engagement process...
June 15, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907112/a-systematic-review-of-stakeholder-views-of-selection-methods-for-medical-schools-admission
#11
M E Kelly, F Patterson, S O'Flynn, J Mulligan, A W Murphy
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this paper is to systematically review the literature with respect to stakeholder views of selection methods for medical school admissions. METHODS: An electronic search of nine databases was conducted between January 2000-July 2014. Two reviewers independently assessed all titles (n = 1017) and retained abstracts (n = 233) for relevance. Methodological quality of quantitative papers was assessed using the MERSQI instrument. The overall quality of evidence in this field was low...
June 15, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907076/developing-a-video-intervention-to-prevent-unplanned-pregnancies-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-older-adolescents
#12
Aaron Plant, Jorge A Montoya, Emerald G Snow, Karin Coyle, Cornelis Rietmeijer
Older adolescent African American and Latina females have disproportionately high rates of unintended pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). This article describes the development of a new video intervention for this population, modeled on Safe in the City (SITC), an evidence-based STI prevention video. Plan A was created from 2015 to 2016, using a systematic process similar to SITC. This included forming a project team with reproductive health experts, hiring a video production company and screenwriter, conducting a clinic staff survey (n = 8), and soliciting priority population input using three focus groups (n = 41) followed by a review panel (n = 9)...
June 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906794/development-of-a-hybrid-course-on-wheelchair-service-provision-for-clinicians-in-international-contexts
#13
Yohali Burrola-Mendez, Mary Goldberg, Rachel Gartz, Jon Pearlman
INTRODUCTION: Wheelchair users worldwide are at high risk of developing secondary health conditions and premature death due to inappropriate wheelchair provision by untrained providers. The International Society of Wheelchair Professionals (ISWP) has developed a Hybrid Course based on the World Health Organization's Wheelchair Service Training Package-Basic Level. The Hybrid Course leverages online modules designed for low-bandwidth internet access that reduces the in-person training exposure from five to three and a half days, making it less expensive and more convenient for both trainees and trainers...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906596/are-we-missing-respiratory-viral-infections-in-infants-and-children-comparison-of-a-hospital-based-quality-management-system-with-standard-of-care
#14
Maren Alchikh, Tim Conrad, Christian Hoppe, Xiaolin Ma, Eeva Broberg, Pasi Penttinen, Janine Reiche, Barbara Biere, Brunhilde Schweiger, Barbara Rath
OBJECTIVES: Hospital-based surveillance of influenza and acute respiratory infections relies on ICD-codes and hospital laboratory reports (Standard-of-Care). It is unclear how many cases are missed with either method, i.e. remain undiagnosed/coded as influenza and other respiratory virus infections. Various influenza-like illness (ILI) definitions co-exist with little guidance on how to use them. We are comparing the diagnostic accuracy of standard surveillance methods with a prospective quality management (QM-Program) at a Berlin children's hospital with the Robert-Koch-Institute (RKI)...
June 12, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906514/pragmatic-clinical-trials-ethical-imperatives-and-opportunities
#15
EDITORIAL
Shona Kalkman, Ghislaine J M W van Thiel, Diederick E Grobbee, Johannes J M van Delden
Pragmatic clinical trials generate robust real-world evidence that holds great potential to better inform decision making regarding new medicines. For clinicians, patients and regulators, this evidence would preferably be available sooner rather than later. This means that, ideally, market authorization of any given medicine is accompanied by evidence obtained from a pragmatic trial. Given the operational and regulatory complexities of pragmatic trials in general, stakeholders tend to be hesitant to employ more pragmatism at the time of market approval...
June 12, 2018: Drug Discovery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905600/rehabilitation-for-cancer-survivors-how-we-can-reduce-the-healthcare-service-inequality-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#16
Sumadi Lukman Anwar, Guritno Adistyawan, Wahyu Wulaningsih, Christoph Gutenbrunner, Boya Nugraha
Cancer diagnosis often substantially affects patient's physical, psychological, and emotional status. The majority of cancer patients experience declining of energy, activity levels, social-cultural participation and relationships. In addition, cancer progression and side effects of aggressive cancer treatment often cause debilitating pain, fatigue, weakness, joint stiffness, depression, emotional instability, limited mobility, poor nutritional status, skin breakdown, bowel dysfunction, swallowing difficulty, and lymphedema leading into functional impairment and disability that can be addressed through rehabilitation care...
June 13, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905006/getting-it-right-core-outcome-sets-in-quality-improvement-research
#17
Brett D Einerson
Hospital systems, expert panels, and regulatory agencies developed quality metrics to monitor health system quality and safety. Dozens or hundreds of perinatal quality outcome measures are reported, but few are easily comparable. Bunch and colleagues (BJOG 2018) responded to the call by The CROWN Initiative (BJOG 2014;121:1181) to "develop core outcome sets using robust consensus methodology." Integrating the expertise of multiple stakeholders, the authors used Delphi methodology to develop a set of consensus-based core outcomes for monitoring the quality of care in English maternity units...
June 14, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904676/survey-dataset-on-professional-s-perception-on-site-supervision-and-project-performance
#18
David Obinna Nduka, Adegboyega Sunday Sotunbo, Idris Adedapo Ibrahim, Opeyemi Joshua, Patience E Tunji-Olayeni, Bolatito Akinbile
Effective site supervision plays an important role in construction project delivery. This situates site supervisors in taking the responsibilities of coordinating and controlling all physical aspects of the day-to-day task in construction projects. A cross-sectional design approach was adopted by administering a well-structured questionnaire to selected built environment professionals. Descriptive statistics was performed on the data obtained and are presented on figures and tables. The data was also subjected to inferential statistics using Kruskal Wallis test to analyze the perceptions of respondents on effects of site supervision of construction works on completion time and quality respectively...
June 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904538/changing-the-culture-of-science-communication-training-for-junior-scientists
#19
Adriana Bankston, Gary S McDowell
Being successful in an academic environment places many demands on junior scientists. Science communication currently may not be adequately valued and rewarded, and yet communication to multiple audiences is critical for ensuring that it remains a priority in today's society. Due to the potential for science communication to produce better scientists, facilitate scientific progress, and influence decision-making at multiple levels, training junior scientists in both effective and ethical science communication practices is imperative, and can benefit scientists regardless of their chosen career path...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904520/communication-ambassadors-an-australian-social-media-initiative-to-develop-communication-skills-in-early-career-scientists
#20
Jack T H Wang, Cheryl J Power, Charlene M Kahler, Dena Lyras, Paul R Young, Jonathan Iredell, Roy Robins-Browne
Science communication is a skill set to be developed through ongoing interactions with different stakeholders across a variety of platforms. Opportunities to engage the general public are typically reserved for senior scientists, but the use of social media in science communication allows all scientists to instantaneously disseminate their findings and interact with online users. The Communication Ambassador program is a social media initiative launched by the Australian Society for Microbiology to expand the online presence and science communication portfolios of early-career scientists...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
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