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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823047/knowledge-that-acts-evaluating-the-outcomes-of-a-knowledge-brokering-intervention-in-western-australia-s-ningaloo-region
#1
Kelly Chapman, Fabio Boschetti, Elizabeth Fulton, Pierre Horwitz, Tod Jones, Pascal Scherrer, Geoff Syme
Knowledge exchange involves a suite of strategies used to bridge the divides between research, policy and practice. The literature is increasingly focused on the notion that knowledge generated by research is more useful when there is significant interaction and knowledge sharing between researchers and research recipients (i.e., stakeholders). This is exemplified by increasing calls for the use of knowledge brokers to facilitate interaction and flow of information between scientists and stakeholder groups, and the integration of scientific and local knowledge...
August 19, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823020/perceptions-and-behaviors-of-patients-and-pharmacists-towards-generic-drug-substitution-in-lebanon
#2
Shadi Saleh, Clara Abou Samra, Stewart Jleilaty, Joanne Constantin, Nour El Arnaout, Hani Dimassi, Dania Al-Bittar
Background Patients, physicians and pharmacists are key stakeholders in the implementation of generic substitution policies. Objectives To explore Lebanese patients' perceptions and experience, and pharmacists' dispensing patterns towards the newly enacted unified health prescription policy promoting generic substitution. Setting Pharmacies in Beirut, the capital of Lebanon. Methods A cross-sectional design employing self-administered questionnaires to survey a total of 128 patients and 25 pharmacists. Chi square test and multiple logistic regression were performed...
August 19, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822773/methodology-design-of-the-regional-sub-saharan-africa-total-diet-study-in-benin-cameroon-mali-and-nigeria
#3
Luc Ingenbleek, Eric Jazet, Anaclet D Dzossa, Samson B Adebayo, Julius Ogungbangbe, Sylvestre Dansou, Zima J Diallo, Christiant Kouebou, Abimbola Adegboye, Epiphane Hossou, Salimata Coulibaly, Sara Eyangoh, Bruno Le Bizec, Philippe Verger, Jean Kamanzi, Caroline Merten, Jean-Charles Leblanc
The core food model was described more than three decades ago, and has been used ever since to identify main food contributors to dietary intakes for both nutrients and other food chemicals. The Sub-Saharan Africa Total Diet Study (SSA-TDS) uses this model to describe the food consumption habits of some selected populations of Benin, Cameroon, Mali, and Nigeria, prior to use in the completion of quantitative risk assessments with regard to food chemicals. Food consumption data were derived from food expenditure data contained in national household budget surveys that were provided by the national institutes of statistics in each country...
August 16, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822109/consumer-attitudes-towards-the-establishment-of-a-national-australian-familial-cancer-research-database-by-the-inherited-cancer-connect-iccon-partnership
#4
Laura Forrest, Gillian Mitchell, Letitia Thrupp, Lara Petelin, Kate Richardson, Lyon Mascarenhas, Mary-Anne Young
Clinical genetics units hold large amounts of information which could be utilised to benefit patients and their families. In Australia, a national research database, the Inherited Cancer Connect (ICCon) database, is being established that comprises clinical genetic data held for all carriers of mutations in cancer predisposition genes. Consumer input was sought to establish the acceptability of the inclusion of clinical genetic data into a research database. A qualitative approach using a modified nominal group technique was used to collect data through consumer forums conducted in three Australian states...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821554/developing-standards-for-the-development-of-glaucoma-virtual-clinics-using-a-modified-delphi-approach
#5
Aachal Kotecha, Simon Longstaff, Augusto Azuara-Blanco, James F Kirwan, James Edwards Morgan, Anne Fiona Spencer, Paul J Foster
PURPOSE: To obtain consensus opinion for the development of a standards framework for the development and implementation of virtual clinics for glaucoma monitoring in the UK using a modified Delphi methodology. METHODS: A modified Delphi technique was used that involved sampling members of the UK Glaucoma and Eire Society (UKEGS). The first round scored the strength of agreement to a series of standards statements using a 9-point Likert scale. The revised standards were subjected to a second round of scoring and free-text comment...
August 18, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821306/48243
#6
Sharon F Webb
A single-laboratory validation method for the simultaneous determination of nutrient and non-nutrient metals in commercial fertilizers was reviewed by the AOAC Expert Review Panel (ERP) and stakeholder panel for fertilizers at the 2017 midyear AOAC INTERNATIONAL meeting. In addition to using 15 of the original 30 fertilizer materials from the previous Method 2006.03 collaborative study, NIST Standard Certified Reference Material 695 and Magruder check sample 2009-06 were also incorporated as accuracy, recovery, and repeatability materials...
August 18, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821256/-provoking-conversations-case-studies-of-organizations-where-option-grid%C3%A2-decision-aids-have-become-normalized
#7
Peter Scalia, Glyn Elwyn, Marie-Anne Durand
BACKGROUND: Implementing patient decision aids in clinic workflow has proven to be a challenge for healthcare organizations and physicians. Our aim was to determine the organizational strategies, motivations, and facilitating factors to the routine implementation of Option Grid™ encounter decision aids at two independent settings. METHOD: Case studies conducted by semi-structured interview, using the Normalization Process Theory (NPT) as a framework for thematic analysis...
August 18, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820519/how-the-consolidated-framework-for-implementation-research-can-strengthen-findings-and-improve-translation-of-research-into-practice-a-case-study
#8
Nadja Klafke, Cornelia Mahler, Cornelia von Hagens, Michel Wensing, Andreas Schneeweiss, Andreas Müller, Joachim Szecsenyi, Stefanie Joos
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To answer how the planned intervention was performed in routine care, which factors supported or distracted from its implementation, and how key organizational structures have been built and sustained.
. RESEARCH APPROACH: Mixed-methods process evaluation.
. SETTING: Two German outpatient cancer clinics.
. PARTICIPANTS: Purposive sampling of 297 recruited patients with gynecologic cancer, their treating oncology nurses, and their interprofessional healthcare team, and the clinical stakeholders of two different outpatient cancer clinics...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820449/applying-a-consumer-behavior-lens-to-salt-reduction-initiatives
#9
REVIEW
Áine Regan, Monique Potvin Kent, Monique M Raats, Áine McConnon, Patrick Wall, Lise Dubois
Reformulation of food products to reduce salt content has been a central strategy for achieving population level salt reduction. In this paper, we reflect on current reformulation strategies and consider how consumer behavior determines the ultimate success of these strategies. We consider the merits of adopting a 'health by stealth', silent approach to reformulation compared to implementing a communications strategy which draws on labeling initiatives in tandem with reformulation efforts. We end this paper by calling for a multi-actor approach which utilizes co-design, participatory tools to facilitate the involvement of all stakeholders, including, and especially, consumers, in making decisions around how best to achieve population-level salt reduction...
August 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820340/effect-of-support-supervision-on-maternal-and-newborn-health-services-and-practices-in-rural-eastern-uganda
#10
Angela N Kisakye, Rornald Muhumuza Kananura, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, John Bua, Martha Akulume, Gertrude Namazzi, Suzanne Namusoke Kiwanuka
BACKGROUND: Support supervision is one of the strategies used to check the quality of services provided at health facilities. From 2013 to 2015, Makerere University School of Public Health strengthened support supervision in the district of Kibuku, Kamuli and Pallisa in Eastern Uganda to improve the quality of maternal and newborn services. OBJECTIVE: This article assesses quality improvements in maternal and newborn care services and practices during this period...
August 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820030/epidemiology-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-united-states-implications-for-the-perfusion-profession-a-2017-update
#11
Joseph J Sistino, David C Fitzgerald
INTRODUCTION: By analyzing epidemiological trends in cardiovascular disease (CVD), key stakeholders can make informed decisions on the future of disease burden and treatment. Accordingly, the cardiovascular perfusion community would benefit from data that would help predict future professional resource utilization. METHODS: In 2003, the changes in the number of hospital discharges for CVD from 1990 to 2000 were published, based on data from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS)...
September 2017: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819803/if-at-first-you-don-t-succeed%C3%A2-%C3%A2-adoption-of-ipad-marking-for-high-stakes-assessments
#12
Terry Judd, Anna Ryan, Eleanor Flynn, Geoff McColl
Large-scale interview and simulation-based assessments such as objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) and multiple mini interviews (MMIs) are logistically complex to administer, generate large volumes of assessment data, and are strong candidates for the adoption of computer-based marking systems. Adoption of new technologies can be challenging, and technical failures, which are relatively commonplace, can delay and/or create resistance to ongoing implementation.This paper reports on the adoption process of an electronic marking system for OSCEs and MMIs following an unsuccessful initial trial...
August 17, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819479/an-assessment-of-policymakers-engagement-initiatives-to-promote-evidence-informed-health-policy-making-in-nigeria
#13
REVIEW
Chigozie Jesse Uneke, Issiaka Sombie, Namoudou Keita, Virgil Lokossou, Ermel Johnson, Pierre Ongolo-Zogo
In most developing countries including Nigeria, one of the most challenging issues associated with evidence-to-policy link is the capacity constraints of policymakers to access, synthesize, adapt and utilize available research evidence. The purpose of this review is to assess the efforts and various initiatives that have been undertaken to deliberately engage policymakers and other stakeholders in the health sector in Nigeria for the promotion of evidence informed policymaking. A MEDLINE Entrez Pubmed search was performed and studies that investigated policy making process, evidence to policy link, research to policy mechanism, and researchers/policymakers interaction in Nigeria in relation to health policy were sought...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819083/the-forgotten-realm-of-the-new-and-emerging-psychosocial-risk-factors
#14
Francesco Chirico
In Europe, employers of all private and public enterprises have a legal obligation to protect their employers by all the different types of workplace hazards to the safety and health of workers. The most important methods developed for the work-related stress risk assessment are based on the Cox's research commissioned by European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) and are the Management Standard HSE for work-related stress in United Kingdom, the START method in Germany, the Screening, Observation, Analysis, Expertise (SOBANE) in Belgium, and the National Institute for Prevention and Safety at Work (INAIL-ISPESL) model in Italy, the latter based on the British Management Standard...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819068/rural-emergency-care-360%C3%A2-mobilising-healthcare-professionals-decision-makers-patients-and-citizens-to-improve-rural-emergency-care-in-the-province-of-quebec-canada-a-qualitative-study-protocol
#15
Richard Fleet, Gilles Dupuis, Jean-Paul Fortin, Jocelyn Gravel, Mathieu Ouimet, Julien Poitras, France Légaré
INTRODUCTION: Emergency departments (EDs) are an important safety net for rural populations. Results of our earlier studies suggest that rural Canadian hospitals have limited access to advanced imaging services and intensive care units and that patients are transferred over large distances. They also revealed significant geographical variations in rural services. In the absence of national standards, our studies raise questions about inequities in rural access to emergency services and the risks for citizens...
August 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818915/collaborative-environmental-governance-achieving-collective-action-in-social-ecological-systems
#16
REVIEW
Örjan Bodin
Managing ecosystems is challenging because of the high number of stakeholders, the permeability of man-made political and jurisdictional demarcations in relation to the temporal and spatial extent of biophysical processes, and a limited understanding of complex ecosystem and societal dynamics. Given these conditions, collaborative governance is commonly put forward as the preferred means of addressing environmental problems. Under this paradigm, a deeper understanding of if, when, and how collaboration is effective, and when other means of addressing environmental problems are better suited, is needed...
August 18, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818821/patient-participation-at-health-care-conferences-engaged-patients-increase-information-flow-expand-propagation-and-deepen-engagement-in-the-conversation-of-tweets-compared-to-physicians-or-researchers
#17
Audun Utengen, Dara Rouholiman, Jamison G Gamble, Francisco Jose Grajales Iii, Nisha Pradhan, Alicia C Staley, Liza Bernstein, Sean D Young, Kevin A Clauson, Larry F Chu
BACKGROUND: Health care conferences present a unique opportunity to network, spark innovation, and disseminate novel information to a large audience, but the dissemination of information typically stays within very specific networks. Social network analysis can be adopted to understand the flow of information between virtual social communities and the role of patients within the network. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to examine the impact engaged patients bring to health care conference social media information flow and how they expand dissemination and distribution of tweets compared to other health care conference stakeholders such as physicians and researchers...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818646/best-practice-in-research-consensus-statement-on-ethnopharmacological-field-studies-consefs
#18
REVIEW
Michael Heinrich, Andreas Lardos, Marco Leonti, Caroline Weckerle, Merlin Willcox
BACKGROUND: Ethnopharmacological research aims at gathering information on local and traditional uses of plants and other natural substances. However, the approaches used and the methods employed vary, and while such a variability is desirable in terms of scientific diversity, research must adhere to well defined quality standards and reproducible methods OBJECTIVES: With ConSEFS (the Consensus Statement on Ethnopharmacological Field Studies) we want to define best-practice in developing, conducting and reporting field studies focusing on local and traditional uses of medicinal and food plants, including studies using a historical approach...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818240/reducing-cancer-and-cancer-disparities-lessons-from-a-youth-generated-diabetes-prevention-campaign
#19
Dean Schillinger, Pamela M Ling, Sarah Fine, Cherrie B Boyer, Elizabeth Rogers, Roberto Ariel Vargas, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, Wen-Ying Sylvia Chou
Adolescence and young adulthood, a period essential for determining exposures over the life-course, is an ideal time to intervene to lower cancer risk. This demographic group can be viewed as both the target audience and generator of messages for cancer prevention, such as skin cancer, obesity-, tobacco-, and human papillomavirus-related cancers. The purpose of this paper is to encourage innovative health communications that target youth; youth behavior; and the structural, environmental, and social determinants of youth behavior as critical areas of focus for cancer prevention and disparities reduction...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818009/transparency-of-biobank-access-in-canada-an-assessment-of-industry-access-and-the-availability-of-information-on-access-policies-and-resulting-research
#20
Shannon G Gibson, Renata E Axler, Trudo Lemmens
A key issue impacting public trust in biobanks is how these resources are utilized, including who is given access to biobank data and samples. To assess the conditions under which researchers are given access to Canadian biobanks, we reviewed websites and contacted Canadian biobanks to determine the availability of information on access policies and procedures; research resulting from access biobank data and samples; and conditions on private industry access to biobanks. We also conducted expert interviews with key Canadian stakeholders ( n = 11) to obtain their perspectives on biobank transparency and access policies...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: JERHRE
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