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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733341/activity-limitations-and-subjective-well-being-after-stroke
#1
Darin B Zahuranec, Lesli E Skolarus, Chunyang Feng, Vicki A Freedman, James F Burke
OBJECTIVE: As limitations in activities of daily living are major components of many stroke outcome scales, we examined how well activity limitations predicted subjective well-being among stroke survivors in a nationally representative survey. METHODS: Individuals with a self-reported history of stroke were identified from the National Health and Aging Trends Study. Subjective well-being (primary outcome) was assessed with a validated 7-item measure (higher = greater well-being) assessing emotions (cheerful, bored, full of life, and upset) and self-realization (purpose in life, self-acceptance, and environmental mastery)...
July 21, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730705/-those-who-care-much-understand-much-maternal-perceptions-of-children-s-appetite-perspectives-from-urban-and-rural-caregivers-of-diverse-parenting-experience-in-bangladesh
#2
Nurun Naila, Baitun Nahar, Monica Lazarus, Gaelen Ritter, Muttaquina Hossain, Mustafa Mahfuz, Tahmeed Ahmed, Donna Denno, Judd Walson, Scott Ickes
Appetite in children is an important determinant of nutritional intake and growth. The information used by caregivers to understand children's appetite can help inform infant and young child feeding promotion and appetite assessment. We conducted a qualitative study to (a) explore maternal perceptions and responses to children's appetite and (b) to identify how these factors differ by type of caregiver, level of maternal experience, and urban versus rural context. We used purposive sampling to recruit mothers and alternate caregivers into 14 total focus group discussions (six to eight participants in each group; N = 95) in both urban and rural settings in Bangladesh...
July 21, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723754/an-economic-analysis-of-high-dose-imatinib-dasatinib-and-nilotinib-for-imatinib-resistant-chronic-phase-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-in-china-a-cheers-compliant-article
#3
Bin Wu, Maobai Liu, Te Li, Houwen Lin, Hua Zhong
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to test the cost-effectiveness of dasatinib compared to high-dose imatinib and nilotinib in Chinese patients who were diagnosed with imatinib-resistant chronic myeloid leukemia in the chronic phase (CML-CP). METHODS: A Markov model combined with clinical effectiveness, utility, and cost data was used. The sensitivity analyses were conducted to determine the robustness of the model outcomes. The impact of patient assistance programs (PAPs) was assessed...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694099/a-new-dawn-in-cannabinoid-neurobiology-the-road-from-molecules-to-therapeutic-discoveries
#4
EDITORIAL
Joseph Cheer, Yasmin Hurd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690562/trait-cheerfulness-does-not-influence-switching-costs-but-modulates-preparation-and-repetition-effects-in-a-task-switching-paradigm
#5
Raúl López-Benítez, Hugo Carretero-Dios, Alberto Acosta, Juan Lupiáñez
Many studies have shown the beneficial effect of positive emotions on various cognitive processes, such as creativity and cognitive flexibility. Cheerfulness, understood as an affective predisposition to sense of humor, has been associated with positive emotions. So far, however, no studies have shown the relevance of this dimension in cognitive flexibility processes. The aim of this research was to analyze the relationship between cheerfulness and these processes. To this end, we carried out two studies using a task-switching paradigm...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674846/reporting-and-analysis-of-trial-based-cost-effectiveness-evaluations-in-obstetrics-and-gynaecology
#6
REVIEW
Mohamed El Alili, Johanna M van Dongen, Judith A F Huirne, Maurits W van Tulder, Judith E Bosmans
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim was to systematically review whether the reporting and analysis of trial-based cost-effectiveness evaluations in the field of obstetrics and gynaecology comply with guidelines and recommendations, and whether this has improved over time. DATA SOURCES AND SELECTION CRITERIA: A literature search was performed in MEDLINE, the NHS Economic Evaluation Database (NHS EED) and the Health Technology Assessment (HTA) database to identify trial-based cost-effectiveness evaluations in obstetrics and gynaecology published between January 1, 2000 and May 16, 2017...
July 3, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670954/predictors-of-patient-satisfaction-in-pediatric-oncology
#7
Josh Davis, James F Burrows, Bertha Ben Khallouq, Paul Rosen
OBJECTIVE: To understand key drivers of patient satisfaction in pediatric hematology/oncology. METHODS: The "top-box" scores of patient satisfaction surveys from 4 pediatric hematology/oncology practices were collected from 2012 to 2014 at an integrated Children's Health Network. One item, "Likelihood of recommending practice," was used as the surrogate for overall patient satisfaction, and all other items were correlated to this item. RESULTS: A total of 1244 satisfaction surveys were included in this analysis...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653666/endocannabinoid-regulation-of-reward-and-reinforcement-through-interaction-with-dopamine-and-endogenous-opioid-signaling
#8
J M Wenzel, J F Cheer
The endocannabinoid system (eCB) is implicated in the mediation of both reward and reinforcement. This is evidenced by the ability of exogenous cannabinoid drugs to produce hedonia and maintain self-administration in both human and animal subjects. eCBs similarly facilitate behaviors motivated by reward through interaction with the mesolimbic dopamine (DA) and endogenous opioid systems. Indeed, eCB signaling in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) stimulates activation of midbrain DA cells and promotes DA release in terminal regions such as the nucleus accumbens (NAc)...
June 27, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652034/adolescent-mental-health-reasons-to-be-cheerful
#9
EDITORIAL
The Lancet Psychiatry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631771/-dying-in-the-three-graces-arms-when-ethics-dresses-up-as-aesthetics
#10
Sandro Spinsanti
The many adjectives usually used to explain the desirable death - painless, decent, human… - do not include the term "graceful". However, this is a way that can be explored, too, if you imagine to die in the Three Graces' arms, namely in a mood that, according to Ugo Foscolo, is "between the exaggerated cheerfulness and the deep pain". The pathway turns out to be much more productive if we allow ourselves to be led by the original names of the Three Graces and by their symbology. Euphrosyne suggests the wisdom through which the mind guides our choices, especially those that show as palliative cures; Aglaea suggests the peace linked to the possibility to keep the death process under control; Talia lets us imagine a death seen as growth, as a pathway that ends at the peak of our own humanity...
June 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602382/value-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-a-systematic-review-of-economic-analyses
#11
Benjamin P Geisler, Yisi D Ji, Zachary S Peacock
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to describe the state of economic analyses in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of published literature up to 2016 was performed. The inclusion criteria were as follows: English-language articles on economic analyses pertaining to OMS including anesthesia and pain management; dentoalveolar surgery; orthognathic, cleft, and/or obstructive sleep apnea treatment; pathology; reconstruction; temporomandibular disorders; trauma; and other...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580762/static-beam-tomotherapy-as-an-optimisation-method-in-whole-breast-radiation-therapy-wbrt
#12
Matthew Squires, Yunfei Hu, Mikel Byrne, Ben Archibald-Heeren, Sonja Cheers, Bruno Bosco, Amy Teh, Andrew Fong
INTRODUCTION: TomoTherapy (Accuray, Sunnyvale, CA) has recently introduced a static form of tomotherapy: TomoDirect™ (TD). This study aimed to evaluate TD against a contemporary intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) alternative through comparison of target and organ at risk (OAR) doses in breast cancer cases. A secondary objective was to evaluate planning efficiency by measuring optimisation times. METHODS: Treatment plans of 27 whole-breast radiation therapy (WBRT) patients optimised with a tangential hybrid IMRT technique were replanned using TD...
June 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578712/pharmacoeconomic-studies-in-world-health-organization-eastern-mediterranean-countries-reporting-completeness
#13
Qais Alefan, Karen Rascati
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the extent of reporting necessary information in published health economic research in World Health Organization Eastern Mediterranean Countries (WHO EMC). METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed and Google Scholar to identify pharmacoeconomic studies conducted in WHO EMC. The inclusion criteria for the studies were: (i) original studies, (ii) compared pharmaceutical services or drugs, (iii) conducted in WHO EMC, (iv) manuscript published in English...
June 5, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541078/ensembles-in-medial-and-lateral-orbitofrontal-cortex-construct-cognitive-maps-emphasizing-different-features-of-the-behavioral-landscape
#14
Nina Lopatina, Brian F Sadacca, Michael A McDannald, Clay V Styer, Jacob F Peterson, Joseph F Cheer, Geoffrey Schoenbaum
The orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) has long been implicated in the ability to use the current value of expected outcomes to guide behavior. More recently, this specific role has been conceptualized as a special case of a more general function that OFC plays in constructing a "cognitive map" of the behavioral task space by labeling the current task state and learning relationships among task states. Here, we have used single unit recording data from 2 prior studies to examine whether and how information relating different states within and across trials is represented in medial versus lateral OFC in rats...
June 2017: Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535792/caught-between-a-rock-and-a-hard-place-mental-health-of-migrant-live-in-caregivers-in-canada
#15
Mandana Vahabi, Josephine Pui-Hing Wong
BACKGROUND: Canada depends on Temporary Foreign Workers (TFWs), also known as migrant workers, to fill labour shortage in agriculture, hospitality, construction, child/senior care, and other low-skilled occupations. Evidence shows that TFWs, especially women live-in caregivers (LC), constitute a vulnerable population. Their health is compromised by the precarious and harsh working and living conditions they encounter. There is a paucity of research on the mental health of LCs, their support systems and access to mental health services...
May 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532067/development-of-biocompatible-and-safe-polyethersulfone-hemodialysis-membrane-incorporated-with-functionalized-multi-walled-carbon-nanotubes
#16
Muhammad Nidzhom Zainol Abidin, Pei Sean Goh, Ahmad Fauzi Ismail, Mohd Hafiz Dzarfan Othman, Hasrinah Hasbullah, Noresah Said, Siti Hamimah Sheikh Abdul Kadir, Fatmawati Kamal, Mohd Sohaimi Abdullah, Be Cheer Ng
A novel approach in the design of a safe, high performance hemodialysis membrane is of great demand. Despite many advantages, the employment of prodigious nanomaterials in hemodialysis membrane is often restricted by their potential threat to health. Hence, this work focusses on designing a biocompatible polyethersulfone (PES) hemodialysis membrane embedded with poly (citric acid)-grafted-multi walled carbon nanotubes (PCA-g-MWCNTs). Two important elements which could assure the safety of the nanocomposite membrane, i...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516822/key-drivers-of-patient-experience-in-ambulatory-paediatric-cardiology
#17
Shalini D Allam, Mary Mehta, Bertha Ben Khallouq, James F Burrows, Paul Rosen
Patient experience is becoming a central focus of healthcare. A broad range of studies on how to increase patient satisfaction ratings exists; however, they lack the specificity to adequately guide physicians and hospitals on how to improve patient experience. The objective of this study was to define the aspects of patient experience within paediatric cardiologist practices that can serve as predictors of excellent patient satisfaction. From 1 January, 2013 to 28 February, 2015 (26 months), outpatients who visited paediatric cardiologists were asked to complete a 39-question patient satisfaction survey regarding their experience...
May 18, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514308/emotional-exhaustion-induced-latent-autoimmune-diabetes-in-adults-in-a-young-lady-a-care-compliant-case-report
#18
Yin-Ling Chen, Yong-Chao Qiao, Xin-Nan Song, Wei Ling, Hai-Lu Zhao, Xiao-Xi Zhang
RATIONALE: Latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) refers to an autoimmune disorder characterized with detectable islets antibodies in the early diagnosis and increased autoimmune beta-cell failure progression. Notably, this kind of diabetes seems to be confused with other phenotypic diabetes. PATIENT CONCERNS: A young woman suffered an emotional exhaustion-induced LADA, showing asthenia, polydipsia, polyuria, and visible weight loss. The patient emotionally ended a 14-year romantic relationship, leading to the emotional flooding...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492110/characteristics-of-influential-peers-in-the-eyes-of-secondary-school-students-a-mixed-method-study
#19
Alice Y Loke, Yim-Wah Mak, Cynthia S T Wu
Aim It is the aim of this study to explore the characteristics of influential peers identified by schoolmates, and the mechanism by which they exert their influence on their peers. BACKGROUND: Adolescent crowds are a salient influence on the health-risk behaviors of peers, contributing to adolescent substance use such as drinking alcohol, smoking cigarettes, and taking drugs. METHODS: A mixed method study. Three schools granted us access to students and those who had been nominated as influential by their peers...
May 11, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486142/the-age-related-expression-decline-of-ercc1-and-xpf-for-forensic-age-estimation-a-preliminary-study
#20
Xiao-Dong Deng, Qin Gao, Wei Zhang, Bo Zhang, Ying Ma, Li-Xia Zhang, Cheer Muer, Ying Xie, Yun Liu
The age-related capacity decline of DNA damage repair in human peripheral blood has been demonstrated. Excision repair cross-complementation group1 (ERCC1) and Xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group F (XPF) were rate-limiting enzyme in nucleotide excision repair (NER) which was known as the most important DNA damage repair system. Consequently, we hypothesized that the expression and/or activity of ERCC1 and XPF may be associated with age. However, little was known about the quantitative relationship of ERCC1 and XPF expression levels with age...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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