Read by QxMD icon Read

Regional continue block nerve

William J Warrender, Usman Ali M Syed, Sommer Hammoud, William Emper, Michael G Ciccotti, Joseph A Abboud, Kevin B Freedman
BACKGROUND: Effective postoperative pain management after shoulder arthroscopy is a critical component to recovery, rehabilitation, and patient satisfaction. PURPOSE: This systematic review provides a comprehensive overview of level 1 and level 2 evidence regarding postoperative pain management for outpatient arthroscopic shoulder surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the various modalities reported in the literature for postoperative pain control after outpatient shoulder arthroscopy and analyzed their outcomes...
October 11, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Jeremy D Deer, Amod Sawardekar, Santhanam Suresh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The objective of this review is to provide an overview of recent developments in pediatric regional anesthesia and elucidate outcomes as it relates to patient safety and overall satisfaction. RECENT FINDINGS: Since the inception of the Pediatric Regional Anesthesia Network database, the acquisition of data has enabled the pediatric anesthesiologist to extrapolate results and translate them into useful outcomes. Despite the growing trend to provide regional anesthesia in the pediatric population, there continues to be a paucity of available research studies to evaluate outcomes of various regional nerve blocks...
September 28, 2016: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
M-R Ghovanloo, K Aimar, R Ghadiry-Tavi, A Yu, P C Ruben
Voltage-gated sodium channels are present in different tissues within the human body, predominantly nerve, muscle, and heart. The sodium channel is composed of four similar domains, each containing six transmembrane segments. Each domain can be functionally organized into a voltage-sensing region and a pore region. The sodium channel may exist in resting, activated, fast inactivated, or slow inactivated states. Upon depolarization, when the channel opens, the fast inactivation gate is in its open state. Within the time frame of milliseconds, this gate closes and blocks the channel pore from conducting any more sodium ions...
2016: Current Topics in Membranes
Keith M Vogt, Christopher J Becker, Ajay D Wasan, James W Ibinson
The objective in this study was to directly compare MRI-based functional connectivity between conditions of rest and painful electrical nerve stimulation for key regions involved in pain processing: the anterior and posterior insula and the anterior cingulate cortex. Electric nerve stimulation, rated 7/10 for pain, was delivered to the right index finger of 14 healthy pain-free adult volunteers in four 30-sec blocks and continuously for 2 min. Functional connectivity maps obtained at rest and during both pain tasks were compared using seed time courses from the left anterior and posterior insula and anterior cingulate...
October 21, 2016: Brain Connectivity
Enrique A Goytizolo, Ottokar Stundner, Sandra Hurtado Rúa, Dorothy Marcello, Valeria Buschiazzo, Ansara M Vaz, Stavros G Memtsoudis
BACKGROUND: While it is assumed that neuraxial analgesia and pain management may beneficially influence perioperative hemodynamics, few studies provided data quantifying such effects and none have assessed the potential contribution of the addition of a nerve block. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: This clinical trial compared the visual analog scale (VAS) scores and measurement of arterial tone using augmentation index of patients who received combined spinal-epidural (CSE) only to patients who received both CSE and lumbar plexus block...
July 2016: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
M A Corvetto, J Carmona, M I Vásquez, C Salgueiro, J Crostón, R Sosa, V Folle, F R Altermatt
OBJECTIVE: A survey was conducted in order to obtain a profile of the practice of regional anesthesia in South America, and determine the limitations of its use. METHODS: After institutional ethics committee approval, a link to an online questionnaire was sent by e-mail to anaesthesiologists in Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Panamá, Paraguay, Perú, and Uruguay. The questionnaire was processed anonymously. RESULTS: A total of 1,260 completed questionnaires were received...
July 1, 2016: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
Thuan Dao, David Amaro-Driedger, Jaideep Mehta
Raynaud's syndrome has been treated medically and invasively, sometimes with regional anesthesia leading up to sympathectomy. We demonstrate that regional anesthesia was in this case a useful technique that can allow some patients to find temporary but significant relief from symptoms of Raynaud's syndrome exacerbation. We present a 43-year-old woman with Raynaud's syndrome secondary to lupus who was treated with bilateral popliteal nerve block catheters for ischemic pain and necrosis of her feet; this led to almost immediate resolution of her pain and return of color and function of her feet...
2016: Local and Regional Anesthesia
Yukitoshi Niiyama, Takatoshi Yotsuyanagi, Michiaki Yamakage
BACKGROUND AND AIM: In reconstructive surgery for microtia during childhood, costal cartilage is used for pinna formation. Postoperative pain in the region from which the costal cartilage is taken is severe, which delays recovery after surgery. We evaluated prospectively whether continuous wound infiltration (CWI) of a local anesthetic (LA) reduces pain and enables rapid recovery compared with a single intercostal nerve block (ICNB). METHOD: Forty-eight patients were randomly divided into two groups...
October 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Matthew Careskey, Ramana Naidu
Reverse open shoulder arthroplasty requires a comprehensive analgesic plan involving regional anesthesia. The commonly performed interscalene brachial plexus blockade confers a high likelihood of diaphragmatic paralysis via phrenic nerve palsy, making this option riskier in patients with limited pulmonary reserve. Continuous blockade of the suprascapular nerve, a more distal branch of the C5 and C6 nerve roots, may be a viable alternative. We report a successful case of the use of a suprascapular nerve block with continuous programmed intermittent bolus perineural analgesia in a patient with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who underwent reverse open shoulder arthroplasty...
July 15, 2016: A & A Case Reports
Ranjana Khetarpal, Veena Chatrath, Akshay Dhawan, Joginder Pal Attri
Difficult airway, a scenario with potentially life threatening outcome, is routinely encountered by an anesthesiologist leaving him with the dilemma of whether to use regional anesthesia (RA) or general anesthesia. Our study aims to look into this problem. The literature search was performed in the Google, PubMed, and Medscape using key words "regional anesthesia, difficult airway, pregnancy, ventilation, intubation, epidural anesthesia, nerve blocks." More than 38 free full articles and books published from the year 1987 to 2014 were retrieved and studied...
May 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Alejandra G Mora, Victoria J Ganem, Alicia T Ervin, Joseph K Maddry, Vikhyat S Bebarta
INTRODUCTION: U.S. Critical Care Air Transport Teams (CCATTs) evacuate critically ill patients with acute pain in the combat setting. Limited data have been reported on analgesic administration en route, and no study has reported analgesic use by CCATTs. Our objective was to describe analgesics used by CCATTs for nonintubated, critically ill patients during evacuation from a combat setting. METHODS: We conducted an institutional review board-approved, retrospective review of CCATT records...
May 2016: Military Medicine
Daryl S Henshaw, Sarah L Kittner, Jonathan D Jaffe
Although there are many potentially effective therapeutic options for complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), no definitive treatment exists. Therefore, patients often exhaust both medical and surgical treatment options attempting to find relief for their symptoms. As pain control and restoration of physical movement are primary treatment goals, strategies that include regional anesthesia techniques are commonly employed, but potentially underutilized, treatment modalities. The authors present a patient with refractory CRPS that had significant improvement in both pain control and the ability to tolerate intensive physical therapy following the placement of a superficial radial nerve catheter and an infusion of local anesthetic for 6 days as part of a multimodal analgesic regimen...
June 2016: Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy
Ramon Go, Yolanda Y Huang, Paul D Weyker, Christopher Aj Webb
As the American healthcare system continues to evolve and reimbursement becomes tied to value-based incentive programs, perioperative pain management will become increasingly important. Regional anesthetic techniques are only one component of a successful multimodal pain regimen. In recent years, the use of peripheral and paraneuraxial blocks to provide chest wall and abdominal analgesia has gained popularity. When used within a multimodal regimen, truncal blocks may provide similar analgesia when compared with other regional anesthetic techniques...
October 2016: Pain Management
Michele Curatolo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The study focuses on neural blocks with local anesthetics in postoperative and chronic pain. It is prompted by the recent publication of several systematic reviews and guidelines. RECENT FINDINGS: For postoperative pain, the current evidence supports infusions of local anesthetics at the surgical site, continuous peripheral nerve blocks, and neuraxial analgesia for major thoracic and abdominal procedures. Ultrasound guidance can improve the performance of the blocks and different patient outcomes, although the incidence of peripheral nerve damage is not decreased...
October 2016: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Stephanie Ruest, Angela Anderson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article provides a summary of recommendations for the multimodal and multidisciplinary approach to acute pediatric pain management and highlights recent research on this topic. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent literature has focused on updating recommendations for the use of various analgesics in the pediatric population. While codeine is no longer recommended due to increasing evidence of adverse effects, the more liberal use of intranasal fentanyl is now encouraged because of the ease of administration and rapid delivery...
June 2016: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Michael S Patzkowski
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome is an inherited disorder of collagen production that results in multiorgan dysfunction. Patients with hypermobility type display skin hyperextensibility and joint laxity, which can result in chronic joint instability, dislocation, peripheral neuropathy, and severe musculoskeletal pain. A bleeding diathesis can be found in all subtypes of varying severity despite a normal coagulation profile. There have also been reports of resistance to local anesthetics in these patients. Several sources advise against the use of regional anesthesia in these patients citing the 2 previous features...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Hiroaki Matsuda, Yoshinari Oka, Shigeko Takatsu, Ryoichi Katsube, Ryuichi Yoshida, Takanori Oyama, Yoshimasa Takeda, Masashi Miyazaki
PURPOSE: The operative field for vascular access (VA) surgery in the forearm is on the volar surface, and motor nerve block is not necessary for regional anesthesia. Therefore, selective block of branches of the brachial plexus may be a more efficient anesthesia technique. METHODS: Individual nerve blocks in the axillary brachial plexus and selective blocks of the musculocutaneous and medial antebrachial cutaneous nerves in the upper arm were performed using low doses and concentrations of a local anesthetic mixture of lidocaine and ropivacaine under ultrasound (US) guidance in patients undergoing VA surgery in the forearm...
May 7, 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
A A Yunus, E O Nwasor, M E Idris, F S Ejagwulu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to demonstrate the use of some regional anaesthetic techniques in effective postoperative pain control in a low resource setting. We also wanted to find out the potential benefits and prospects of regional techniques to achieve effective postoperative analgesia. DESIGN: This study was a prospective observational study in which 25 patients presenting for various orthopaedic and general surgical procedures were recruited randomly...
March 2012: East African Medical Journal
Loreto Lollo, Sanjay Bhananker, Agnes Stogicza
BACKGROUND: Guidelines warn of increased risks of injury when placing regional nerve blocks in the anesthetized adult but complications occurred in patients that received neither sedation nor local anesthetic. This restriction of nerve block administration places vulnerable categories of patients at risk of severe opioid induced side effects. Patient and operative technical factors can preclude use of preoperative regional anesthesia. The purpose of this study was to assess complications following sciatic popliteal and femoral or saphenous nerve blockade administered to anesthetized adult patients following foot and ankle surgery...
October 2015: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
M Beaussier, D Sciard, A Sautet
Postoperative pain relief is one of the cornerstones of success of orthopaedic surgery. Development of new minimally-invasive surgical procedures, as well as improvements in pharmacological and local and regional techniques should result in optimal postoperative pain control for all patients. The analgesic strategy has to be efficient, with minimal side effects, and be easy to manage at home. Multimodal analgesia allows for a reduction of opiate use and thereby its side effects. Local and regional analgesia is a major component of this multimodal strategy, associated with optimal pain relief, even upon mobilization, and it has beneficial effects on postoperative recovery...
February 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"