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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666444/development-of-village-doctors-in-china-financial-compensation-and-health-system-support
#1
REVIEW
Dan Hu, Weiming Zhu, Yaqun Fu, Minmin Zhang, Yang Zhao, Kara Hanson, Melisa Martinez-Alvarez, Xiaoyun Liu
BACKGROUND: Since 1968, China has trained about 1.5 million barefoot doctors in a few years' time to provide basic health services to 0.8 billion rural population. China's Ministry of Health stopped using the term of barefoot doctor in 1985, and changed policy to develop village doctors. Since then, village doctors have kept on playing an irreplaceable role in China's rural health, even though the number of village doctors has fluctuated over the years and they face serious challenges...
July 1, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661798/getting-the-incentives-right-improving-oral-health-equity-with-universal-school-based-caries-prevention
#2
Richard Niederman, Shulamite S Huang, Anna-Lena Trescher, Stefan Listl
Despite significant financial, training, and program investments, US children's caries experience and inequities continued to increase over the last 20 years. We posit that (1) dental insurance payment systems are not aligned with the current best evidence, exacerbating inequities, and (2) system redesign could meet health care's triple aim and reduce children's caries by 80%. On the basis of 2013 to 2016 Medicaid and private payment rates and the caries prevention literature, we find that effective preventive interventions are either (1) consistently compensated less than ineffective interventions or (2) not compensated at all...
May 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627924/clusters-of-financially-incentivized-chronic-pain-patients-using-the-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-restructured-form-mmpi-2-rf
#3
Luis E Aguerrevere, Matthew R Calamia, Kevin W Greve, Kevin J Bianchini, Kelly L Curtis, Veronica Ramirez
The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) has been shown to have clinical utility in the assessment of individuals with chronic pain (e.g., predicting surgical outcomes). The purpose of this study was to explore the ability of the MMPI-2-RF Validity Scales in profiling patients with chronic pain who had external financial incentive (e.g., workers' compensation claims) and determine the associations between Validity Scale response patterns and important outcomes. Cluster analysis identified 2 similarly sized clusters of patients with very different MMPI-2-RF profiles...
June 19, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622485/the-nature-of-whiplash-in-a-compensable-environment-injury-disability-rehabilitation-and-compensation-systems
#4
Luke B Connelly
Synopsis Whiplash is a compensable injury in many jurisdictions, but there is considerable heterogeneity in the compensation arrangements that apply across jurisdictions, even within some countries. These schemes have, however, been subject to a common set of inter-related concerns, chiefly concerning the incentives, behaviours, and outcomes that may arise when financial compensation for injuries is available to injured parties. This article provides a non-technical overview of some of those concerns through the lens of economics: principally, insurance economics and health economics, including related subsets such as information economics and agency theory, as well as economics and the law...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609349/-novel-approach-for-maximizing-follow-up-in-cosmetic-surgery-clinical-trials-the-ideal-implant-core-trial-experience
#5
Melissa A Mueller, Larry S Nichter, Robert S Hamas
BACKGROUND-: High follow-up rates are critical for robust research with minimal bias and particularly important for breast implant Core Studies seeking FDA approval. The Core Study for IDEAL IMPLANT, the most recently FDA-approved breast implant, utilized a novel incentive payment model to achieve higher follow-up rates than in previous breast implant trials. METHODS-: At enrollment, $3,500 was deposited into an independent, irrevocable trust for each of the 502 subjects and invested in a diversified portfolio...
June 12, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558840/health-professionals-job-satisfaction-and-associated-factors-at-public-health-centers-in-west-ethiopia
#6
Beyazin Kebede Deriba, Shimele Ololo Sinke, Berhane Megersa Ereso, Abebe Sorsa Badacho
BACKGROUND: Human resources are vital for delivering health services, and health systems cannot function effectively without sufficient numbers of skilled, motivated, and well-supported health workers. Job satisfaction of health workers is important for motivation and efficiency, as higher job satisfaction improves both employee performance and patient satisfaction. Even though several studies have addressed job satisfaction among healthcare professionals in different part of the world, there are relatively few studies on healthcare professionals' job satisfaction in Ethiopia...
May 30, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549304/landowner-preferences-for-wetlands-conservation-programs-in-two-southern-ontario-watersheds
#7
Ryan Trenholm, Wolfgang Haider, Van Lantz, Duncan Knowler, Pascal Haegeli
Wetlands in the region of Southern Ontario, Canada have declined substantially from their historic area. Existing regulations and programs have not abated this decline. However, reversing this trend by protecting or restoring wetlands will increase the supply of important ecosystem services. In particular, these actions will contribute to moderating the impacts of extreme weather predicted to result from climate change as well as reducing phosphorous loads in Lake Erie and ensuing eutrophication. Since the majority of land in the region is privately owned, landowners can play an important role...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531288/an-evaluation-of-systemic-reforms-of-public-hospitals-the-sanming-model-in-china
#8
Hongqiao Fu, Ling Li, Mingqiang Li, Chunyu Yang, William Hsiao
Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) have been searching for effective strategies to reform their inefficient and wasteful public hospitals. Recently, China developed a model of systemic reforms called the Sanming model to address the inefficiency and waste at public hospitals. In this article, we explain and evaluate how the Sanming model reformed its 22 public hospitals in 2013 by simultaneously restructuring the hospital governance structure, altering the payment system to hospitals, and realigning physicians' incentives...
May 20, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487652/functional-gene-analysis-reveals-cell-cycle-changes-and-inflammation-in-endothelial-cells-irradiated-with-a-single-x-ray-dose
#9
Bjorn Baselet, Niels Belmans, Emma Coninx, Donna Lowe, Ann Janssen, Arlette Michaux, Kevin Tabury, Kenneth Raj, Roel Quintens, Mohammed A Benotmane, Sarah Baatout, Pierre Sonveaux, An Aerts
Background and Purpose: Epidemiological data suggests an excess risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) at low doses (0.05 and 0.1 Gy) of ionizing radiation (IR). Furthermore, the underlying biological and molecular mechanisms of radiation-induced CVD are still unclear. Because damage to the endothelium could be critical in IR-related CVD, this study aimed to identify the effects of radiation on immortalized endothelial cells in the context of atherosclerosis. Material and Methods: Microarrays and RT-qPCR were used to compare the response of endothelial cells irradiated with a single X-ray dose (0...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486710/association-between-reward-reactivity-and-drug-use-severity-is-substance-dependent-preliminary-evidence-from-the-human-connectome-project
#10
Alyssa L Peechatka, Amy C Janes
Introduction: Blunted nucleus accumbens (NAc) reactivity to reward is common across drug users. One theory is that individuals abuse substances due to this reward deficit. However, whether there is a relationship between the amount an individual uses and the severity of NAc dysfunction is unclear. It also is possible that such a relationship is substance specific, as nicotine transiently increases reward system sensitivity while alcohol, another commonly used substance, does not. As smokers may use nicotine to bolster NAc reward function, we hypothesize that NAc reactivity to reward will be related to volume of cigarette use, but not volume of alcohol use...
June 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461438/the-carbon-price-a-toothless-tool-for-material-efficiency
#11
Alexandra C H Skelton, Julian M Allwood
This article explores whether a carbon price will effectively encourage the more efficient use of greenhouse gas intensive materials such as steel. The article identifies a range of distortions that arise when some of the restrictive assumptions of neoclassical economics are relaxed. Distortions occur due to the sequential nature of decision-making along supply chains, due to imperfect competition and due to government intervention to reduce the risk of carbon leakage. If upstream sectors do not pass on carbon costs, downstream sectors do not have the opportunity to react...
June 13, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441127/physician-recruitment-and-retention-in-manitoba-results-from-a-survey-of-physicians-preferences-for-rural-jobs
#12
Julia Witt
INTRODUCTION: Rural recruitment and retention continues to present challenges to health workforce planners. This paper reports and analyzes the results of a survey sent to physicians in Manitoba, eliciting their opinions regarding rural jobs. METHODS: A survey was sent to all physicians in Manitoba. Part 1 of the survey included questions about background and demographic information; part 2 was a set of job satisfaction questions regarding respondents' current job; and part 3 included 2 sets of stated-choice questions eliciting preferences for a set of attributes relevant to rural recruitment and retention...
2017: Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420595/using-an-array-of-implementation-strategies-to-improve-success-rates-of-pharmacist-initiated-medication-therapy-management-services-in-community-pharmacies
#13
Rachel Stafford, Jeremy Thomas, Nalin Payakachat, Tiffany Diemer, Michele Lang, Brooke Kordsmeier, Geoffrey Curran
BACKGROUND: With the introduction of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Stars Measure program has come a greater expectation of Medication Therapy Management (MTM) services from community pharmacies. To meet the growing demand of these services, pharmacies have sought out various methods of engaging pharmacists to provide MTM. Barriers for completing MTM include inadequate time to complete the services, insufficient staffing, lack of sufficient compensation, billing difficulty, lack of interest among patients (including refusing MTM services when offered), inadequate training/experience, and lack of support from management...
April 8, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394078/job-satisfaction-among-swedish-mental-health-nursing-personnel-revisiting-the-two-factor-theory
#14
Christopher Holmberg, Jino Caro, Iwona Sobis
Swedish mental health-care services are experiencing a critical shortage of nursing personnel. Researchers suggest that this shortage is due to low levels of job satisfaction. Job satisfaction is frequently studied with the assistance of Herzberg's two-factor theory, and this theory has foremost been explored with studies using quantitative methods. The purpose of the present study was to provide a better understanding of Herzberg's theory in relation to job satisfaction among Swedish mental health nursing personnel within inpatient psychiatric care while using qualitative methodology...
April 10, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368789/design-and-implementation-of-a-physician-coaching-pilot-to-promote-value-based-referrals-to-specialty-care
#15
Leah Tuzzio, Evette J Ludman, Eva Chang, Lorella Palazzo, Travis Abbott, Edward H Wagner, Robert J Reid
INTRODUCTION: Referral rates to specialty care from primary care physicians vary widely. To address this variability, we developed and pilot tested a peer-to-peer coaching program for primary care physicians. OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility and acceptability of the coaching program, which gave physicians access to their individual-level referral data, strategies, and a forum to discuss referral decisions. METHODS: The team designed the program using physician input and a synthesis of the literature on the determinants of referral...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364118/enablers-and-determinants-of-the-provision-of-written-action-plans-to-patients-with-asthma-a-stratified-survey-of-canadian-physicians
#16
Fabienne Djandji, Alexandrine J Lamontagne, Lucie Blais, Simon L Bacon, Pierre Ernst, Roland Grad, Kim L Lavoie, Martha L McKinney, Eve Desplats, Francine M Ducharme
Despite national recommendations, most patients with asthma are not given a written action plan . The objectives were to ascertain physicians' endorsement of potential enablers to providing a written action plan, and the determinants and proportion, of physician-reported use of a written action plan. We surveyed 838 family physicians, paediatricians, and emergency physicians in Quebec. The mailed questionnaire comprised 102 questions on asthma management, 11 of which pertained to written action plan and promising enablers...
March 31, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331232/motor-compensation-and-its-effects-on-neural-reorganization-after-stroke
#17
REVIEW
Theresa A Jones
Stroke instigates a dynamic process of repair and remodelling of remaining neural circuits, and this process is shaped by behavioural experiences. The onset of motor disability simultaneously creates a powerful incentive to develop new, compensatory ways of performing daily activities. Compensatory movement strategies that are developed in response to motor impairments can be a dominant force in shaping post-stroke neural remodelling responses and can have mixed effects on functional outcome. The possibility of selectively harnessing the effects of compensatory behaviour on neural reorganization is still an insufficiently explored route for optimizing functional outcome after stroke...
May 2017: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329873/-incentive-for-regional-risk-selection-in-the-german-risk-structure-compensation-scheme
#18
Danny Wende
The introduction of the new law GKV-FQWG strengthens the competition between statutory health insurance. If incentives for risk selection exist, they may force a battle for cheap customers. This study aims to document and discuss incentives for regional risk selection in the German risk structure compensation scheme. Identify regional autocorrelation with Moran's l on financial parameters of the risk structure compensation schema. Incentives for regional risk selection do indeed exist. The risk structure compensation schema reduces 91% of the effect and helps to reduce risk selection...
March 22, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300982/primary-healthcare-in-portugal-10-years-of-contractualization-of-health-services-in-the-region-of-lisbon
#19
Baltazar Ricardo Monteiro, Ana Maria Silva Azenha Pisco, Fátima Candoso, Sónia Bastos, Magda Reis
Contractualization consists in the development and implementation of a documented agreement whereby one party (payer) provides compensation to the other party (provider) in exchange for a set of health services to a targeted population. We describe, through a case study, the history and the process of implementation of primary health care contractualization (since 1992) in Portugal, emphasizing the consolidation and future challenges of the primary healthcare reform started in 2005. This article resorts to a case study to reflect on the results obtained in the Cluster of Health Centers of the Northern West, Regional Administration of Lisbon and Tagus Valley, between 2009 and 2015, following implementation of contractualization...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283140/pay-matters-the-piece-rate-and-health-in-the-developing-world
#20
Mary E Davis
BACKGROUND: Piece rate pay remains a common form of compensation in developing-world industries. While the piece rate may boost productivity, it has been shown to have unintended consequences for occupational safety and health, including increased accident and injury risk. OBJECTIVES: This paper explores the relationship between worker pay and physical and emotional health, and questions the modern day business case for piece rate pay in the developing world. METHODS: The relationship between piece rate and self-reported measures of physical and emotional health is estimated using a large survey of garment workers in 109 Vietnamese factories between 2010 and 2014...
September 2016: Annals of Global Health
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