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Incentive compensation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566546/systematic-review-of-the-effect-of-economic-compensation-and-incentives-on-uptake-of-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-among-men-in-sub-saharan-africa
#1
Maria A Carrasco, Jonathan M Grund, Stephanie M Davis, Renee Ridzon, Meghan Mattingly, Jessica Wilkinson, Benjamin Kasdan, Valerian Kiggundu, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli
Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) prevalence in priority countries in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly among men aged ≥20 years, has not yet reached the goal of 80% coverage recommended by the World Health Organization. Determining novel strategies to increase VMMC uptake among men ≥20 years is critical to reach HIV epidemic control. We conducted a systematic review to analyze the effectiveness of economic compensation and incentives to increase VMMC uptake among older men in order to inform VMMC demand creation programs...
March 22, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545381/black-americans-perspectives-of-barriers-and-facilitators-of-community-screening-for-kidney-disease
#2
Ebele M Umeukeje, Marcus G Wild, Saugar Maripuri, Teresa Davidson, Margaret Rutherford, Khaled Abdel-Kader, Julia Lewis, Consuelo H Wilkins, Kerri Cavanaugh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Incidence of ESKD is three times higher in black Americans than in whites, and CKD prevalence continues to rise among black Americans. Community-based kidney disease screening may increase early identification and awareness of black Americans at risk, but it is challenging to implement. This study aimed to identify participants' perspectives of community kidney disease screening. The Health Belief Model provides a theoretic framework for conceptualization of these perspectives and optimization of community kidney disease screening activities...
March 15, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526260/pay-for-performance-incentive-program-in-a-large-dental-group-practice
#3
Douglas A Conrad, Peter Milgrom, R Mike Shirtcliff, Howard L Bailit, Sharity Ludwig, Jeanne Dysert, Gary Allen, Joana Cunha-Cruz
BACKGROUND: Dentists increasingly are employed in large group practices that use financial incentive systems to influence provider performance. The authors describe the design and initial implementation of a pay-for-performance (P4P) incentive program for a large capitated Oregon group dental practice that cares primarily for patients receiving Medicaid. The authors do not assess the effectiveness of the incentive system on provider and staff member performance. METHODS: The data come from use of care files and integrated electronic health records, provider and staff member surveys, and interviews and community surveys from 6 counties...
March 8, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496103/african-swine-fever-control-and-market-integration-in-ugandan-peri-urban-smallholder-pig-value-chains-an-ex-ante-impact-assessment-of-interventions-and-their-interaction
#4
Emily Ouma, Michel Dione, Rosemirta Birungi, Peter Lule, Lawrence Mayega, Kanar Dizyee
Pig production in peri-urban smallholder value chains in Uganda is severely constrained by impact of disease, particularly African swine fever (ASF), and the economic consequences of an inefficient pig value chain. Interventions in the form of biosecurity to control ASF disease outbreaks and pig business hub models to better link smallholder farmers to pig markets have the potential to address the constraints. However, there is a dearth of evidence of the effects of the interventions on performance and distribution of outcomes along the pig value chain...
March 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495197/-willingness-of-potential-service-suppliers-to-provide-cancer-screening-in-urban-china
#5
A Y Mao, J F Shi, W Q Qiu, P Dong, Z X Sun, H Y Huang, X J Sun, G X Liu, D B Wang, Y N Bai, X Z Liao, J S Ren, L W Guo, L Lan, Q Zhou, J Y Zhou, L Yang, J L Wang, M F Qin, Y Z Zhang, B B Song, X J Xing, L Zhu, L Mai, L B Du, Y Q Liu, P A Lou, B Cai, X H Sun, S L Wu, X Qi, K Zhang, J He, M Dai
Objective: Based on the investment for potential suppliers of cancer screening services, we assessed the reasons that affecting their participation motivation related to the long-term sustainability of cancer screening in China. Methods: Hospitals that had never been involved in any national level cancer screening project were selected by using the convenient sampling method within the 16 project cities of Cancer Screening Program in Urban China (CanSPUC) with 1 or 2 hospitals for each city. All the managers from the institutional/department level and professional staff working and providing screening services in these hospitals, were interviewed by paper-based questionnaire...
February 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495196/-willingness-and-preferences-of-actual-service-suppliers-regarding-cancer-screening-programs-a-multi-center-survey-in-urban-china
#6
J F Shi, A Y Mao, Z X Sun, H K Lei, W Q Qiu, H Y Huang, P Dong, J W Huang, J Zhu, J Li, G X Liu, D B Wang, Y N Bai, X J Sun, X Z Liao, J S Ren, L W Guo, L Lan, Q Zhou, L Yang, B B Song, L B Du, L Zhu, J L Wang, Y Q Liu, Y Ren, L Mai, M F Qin, Y Z Zhang, J Y Zhou, X H Sun, S L Wu, X Qi, P A Lou, B Cai, N Li, K Zhang, J He, M Dai
Objective: From the perspective of actual service suppliers regarding cancer screening, this study aimed to assess the long-term sustainability of cancer screening programs in China. Methods: Based on a Cancer Screening Program in Urban China (CanSPUC), our survey focused on all the hospitals, centers for disease control and prevention (CDC) and community service centers across 16 provinces in China which participated in the programs between 2013 and 2015. All the managers (institutional/department level) and professional staff involved in the program were interviewed using either paper-based questionnaire or online approach...
February 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473220/cost-shifting-and-other-perverse-incentives-in-biodiversity-offsetting-in-india
#7
Divya Narain, Martine Maron
Biodiversity offsetting aims to compensate for development-induced biodiversity loss through commensurate conservation gains and is gaining traction among governments and businesses. However, cost shifting (i.e., diversion of offset funds to other conservation programs) and other perverse incentives can undermine the effectiveness of biodiversity offsetting. Additionality - the requirement that biodiversity offsets result in conservation outcomes that would not have been achieved otherwise - is fundamental to biodiversity offsetting...
February 23, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432626/satisfaction-motivation-and-retention-in-academic-faculty-incentive-compensation-systems-a-cera-survey
#8
Deanna Willis, Jane Williams, Kevin Gebke, George Bergus
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The use of incentive compensation in academic family medicine has been a topic of interest for many years, yet little is known about the impact of these systems on individual faculty members. Better understanding is needed about the relationship of incentive compensation systems (ICSs) to ICS satisfaction, motivation, and retention among academic family medicine faculty. METHODS: The Council of Academic Family Medicine (CAFM) Educational Research Alliance (CERA) conducted a nationwide survey of its members in 2013...
February 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407688/in-pursuit-of-a-self-sustaining-college-alcohol-intervention-deploying-gamified-pnf-in-the-real-world
#9
Andrew M Earle, Joseph W LaBrie, Sarah C Boyle, Daniel Smith
Our recent work (Boyle, Earle, LaBrie, & Smith, 2017) showed that the efficacy of personalized normative feedback-based (PNF) college alcohol interventions can be improved through the addition of gamified elements including points, chance, competition, and personal avatars. However, participants in that study were compensated with subject pool credit. In the current study, we piloted an upgraded, smartphone-based version of the game, which was designed to be truly self-sustaining (i.e., engaging enough that students play voluntarily without the presence of external motivators)...
January 6, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342285/serial-participation-and-the-ethics-of-phase-1-healthy-volunteer-research
#10
Rebecca L Walker, Marci D Cottingham, Jill A Fisher
Phase 1 healthy volunteer clinical trials-which financially compensate subjects in tests of drug toxicity levels and side effects-appear to place pressure on each joint of the moral framework justifying research. In this article, we review concerns about phase 1 trials as they have been framed in the bioethics literature, including undue inducement and coercion, unjust exploitation, and worries about compromised data validity. We then revisit these concerns in light of the lived experiences of serial participants who are income-dependent on phase 1 trials...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337912/social-incentive-mechanism-based-multi-user-sensing-time-optimization-in-co-operative-spectrum-sensing-with-mobile-crowd-sensing
#11
Xiaohui Li, Qi Zhu
Co-operative spectrum sensing emerging as a significant method to improve the utilization of the spectrum needs sufficient sensing users to participate. Existing related papers consider only the limited secondary users in current sensing system and assume that they will always perform the co-operative spectrum sensing out of obligation. However, this assumption is impractical in the realistic situation where the secondary users are rational and they will not join in the co-operative sensing process without a certain reward to compensate their sensing energy consumption, especially the ones who have no data transmitting in current time slot...
January 16, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310619/valuing-breastfeeding-a-qualitative-study-of-women-s-experiences-of-a-financial-incentive-scheme-for-breastfeeding
#12
Maxine Johnson, Barbara Whelan, Clare Relton, Kate Thomas, Mark Strong, Elaine Scott, Mary J Renfrew
BACKGROUND: A cluster randomised controlled trial of a financial incentive for breastfeeding conducted in areas with low breastfeeding rates in the UK reported a statistically significant increase in breastfeeding at 6-8 weeks. In this paper we report an analysis of interviews with women eligible for the scheme, exploring their experiences and perceptions of the scheme and its impact on breastfeeding to support the interpretation of the results of the trial. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were carried out with 35 women eligible for the scheme during the feasibility and trial stages...
January 8, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301515/effectiveness-of-employer-financial-incentives-in-reducing-time-to-report-worker-injury-an-interrupted-time-series-study-of-two-australian-workers-compensation-jurisdictions
#13
Tyler J Lane, Shannon Gray, Behrooz Hassani-Mahmooei, Alex Collie
BACKGROUND: Early intervention following occupational injury can improve health outcomes and reduce the duration and cost of workers' compensation claims. Financial early reporting incentives (ERIs) for employers may shorten the time between injury and access to compensation benefits and services. We examined ERI effect on time spent in the claim lodgement process in two Australian states: South Australia (SA), which introduced them in January 2009, and Tasmania (TAS), which introduced them in July 2010...
January 5, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211632/an-employer-health-incentive-plan-for-advance-care-planning-and-goal-aligned-care
#14
Matthew J Gonzales, Jeff Dobro, Katy Guilfoile, Keegan Fisher, Ira Byock
One strategy to promote workforce well-being has been health incentive plans, in which a company's insured employees are offered compensation for completing a particular health-related activity. In 2015, Providence Health & Services adopted an Advance Care Planning (ACP) activity as a 2015-2016 health incentive option. More than 51,000 employees and their insured relatives chose the ACP incentive option. More than 80% rated the experience as helpful or very helpful. A high proportion (95%) of employees responded that they had someone they trusted who could make medical care decisions for them, yet only 23% had completed an advance directive, and even fewer (11%) had shared the document with their health care provider...
December 6, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133491/exploring-attributes-of-high-value-primary-care
#15
Melora Simon, Niteesh K Choudhry, Jim Frankfort, David Margolius, Julia Murphy, Luis Paita, Thomas Wang, Arnold Milstein
PURPOSE: Medicare's merit-based incentive payment system and narrowing of physician networks by health insurers will stoke clinicians' and policy makers' interest in care delivery attributes associated with value as defined by payers. METHODS: To help define these attributes, we analyzed 2009 to 2011 commercial health insurance claims data for more than 40 million preferred provider organization patients attributed to over 53,000 primary care practice sites. We identified sites ranking favorably on both quality and low total annual per capita health care spending ("high-value") and sites ranking near the median ("average-value")...
November 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097851/the-impact-of-taxes-on-competition-for-ceos
#16
Peter Krenn
This paper contributes to the question of how taxation of corporate profits and wages affects competition among firms for highly skilled human resources such as CEOs. Use of a theoretical model shows that wage taxes can have a substantial impact on the outcome of such a competition if marginal tax rates are different as in an international labor market. Further, the paper shows that increasing the wage tax rate unilaterally can have an ambiguous effect on observed gross compensation levels. However, in a local labor market for CEOs, observed gross fixed salaries should decline in the wage tax rate...
July 3, 2017: European Accounting Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079405/a-randomized-trial-of-incentives-for-smoking-treatment-in-medicaid-members
#17
David L Fraser, Michael C Fiore, Kate Kobinsky, Robert Adsit, Stevens S Smith, Mimi L Johnson, Timothy B Baker
INTRODUCTION: Low-income populations are especially likely to smoke and have difficulty quitting. This study evaluated a monetary incentive intended to increase smoking treatment engagement and abstinence among Medicaid recipients who smoke. STUDY DESIGN: Two-group randomized clinical trial of Incentive (n=948) and Control interventions (n=952) for smoking. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Medicaid recipients recruited from primary care patients (n=920) and callers to the Wisconsin Tobacco Quit Line (n=980)...
October 24, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075552/patient-copayments-provider-incentives-and-income-effects-theory-and-evidence-from-the-essential-medications-list-under-china-s-2009-healthcare-reform
#18
Brian K Chen, Y Tony Yang, Karen Eggleston
Expanding access through insurance expansion can increase healthcare utilization through moral hazard. Reforming provider incentives to introduce more supply-side cost sharing is increasingly viewed as crucial for affordable, sustainable access. Using both difference-in-differences and segmented regression analyses on a panel of 1,466 hypertensive and diabetic patients, we empirically examine Shandong province's initial implementation of China's 2009 Essential Medications List policy. The policy reduced drug sale markups to providers but also increased drug coverage benefits for patients...
March 2017: World Medical & Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036727/economic-labor-and-regulatory-moderators-of-the-effect-of-individual-placement-and-support-among-people-with-severe-mental-illness-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Justin D Metcalfe, Robert E Drake, Gary R Bond
As Individual Placement and Support (IPS) has become the international standard for vocational rehabilitation of adults with serious mental illness, researchers must consider the relationship between IPS and local environments. This meta-analysis used mixed-effects meta-regressions to assess the impact of site-level moderators on the likelihood that IPS recipients, compared with recipients of alternative vocational services, achieved competitive employment. Potential moderators included change in gross domestic product (GDP), local unemployment and unionization rates, and indices describing employment protection regulations, level of disability benefits compensation, and efforts to integrate people with disabilities into the workforce...
January 13, 2018: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942090/improving-risk-equalization-for-individuals-with-persistently-high-costs-experiences-from-the-netherlands
#20
Frank Eijkenaar, René C J A van Vliet
BACKGROUND: Risk-equalization (RE) models in competitive health insurance markets have become increasingly sophisticated. However, these models still have important imperfections. A specific problem in the Netherlands is that insurers are insufficiently compensated for individuals who can persistently be found in the right-end tail of the cost distribution. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study is to explore and evaluate options for improving compensation for persistently high-cost individuals in the Dutch basic health insurance...
November 2017: Health Policy
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