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Martina Gobec, Tihomir Tomašič, Adela Štimac, Ruža Frkanec, Jurij Trontelj, Marko Anderluh, Irena Mlinaric-Rascan, Žiga Jakopin
Muramyl dipeptide (MDP), a fragment of bacterial peptidoglycan, has long been known as the smallest fragment possessing adjuvant activity, on the basis of its agonistic action on the nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein 2 (NOD2). There is a pressing need for novel adjuvants and NOD2 agonists provide an untapped source of potential candidates. Here, we report the design, synthesis and characterization of a series of novel acyl tripeptides. A pivotal structural element for molecular recognition by NOD2 has been identified, culminating in the discovery of compound 9, the most potent desmuramylpeptide NOD2 agonist to date...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Chenmin Yao, Jian Yu, Yake Wang, Chuliang Tang, Cui Huang
OBJECTIVES: Some silane-containing universal adhesives were introduced that a separate ceramic primer was unnecessary to glass-ceramic bonding because of incorporated silane. We aimed to investigate the effectiveness of silane in universal adhesives with acidic media. METHODS: A functional γ-methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane (γ-MPTS) was used, and its pH value was adjusted to 2.7 by adding hydrochloric acid (HCl) or 10-methacryloxydecyl phosphate (MDP). The prepared acidic silane solutions after 2h or 10d storage were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR),1 H and13 C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy...
March 7, 2018: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Amanda M O Dal Piva, Ronaldo L A Carvalho, Aline L Lima, Marco A Bottino, Renata M Melo, Luiz Felipe Valandro
This study evaluated the influence of silica coating, primer type and its heat treatment on bond strength durability between resin cement and an yttrium-stabilized polycrystalline tetragonal zirconia (Y-TZP). Eighty (80) Y-TZP blocks were allocated into 16 groups considering four factors: silica coating (without and with); type of primer (RelyX Ceramic Primer, a silane-based primer; Single Bond Universal, a universal MDP-based primer); heat treatment of the primer (without and with); aging (without and with)...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Ludovic Fournel, Cristian Rapicetta, Alessandro Fraternali, Salvatore Bellafiore, Massimiliano Paci, Filippo Lococo
We herein report a case of a 43-year-old man with a right 8th-rib bone tumor exhibiting features of malignancy at CT-scan. Considering that a SPECT/CT with Tc-MDP showed solitary intense radio-tracer uptake and the inconclusive results from a fine-needle biopsy, surgical en bloc tumor resection was performed. Pathologic analysis revealed a well-limited benign bone lesion ("fibrous rib dysplasia") composed by a cellular fibrous proliferation. Since benign osseous diseases may present an intense scintigraphic tracer uptake (as in this case), we suggest a certain caution when interpreting the results of SPECT/CT with Tc-MDP in order to avoid misdiagnosis and wrong treatments...
March 7, 2018: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Daniela Ponce-Balbuena, Guadalupe Guerrero-Serna, Carmen R Valdivia, Ricardo Caballero, F J Díez-Guerra, Eric N Jiménez-Vázquez, Rafael J Ramirez, Andre Monteiro da Rocha, Todd J Herron, Katherine F Campbell, B C Willis, Francisco J Alvarado, Manuel Zarzoso, Kuljeet Kaur, Marta Pérez-Hernández, Marcos Matamoros, Héctor H Valdivia, Eva Delpón, José Jalife
<u>Rationale:</u> In cardiomyocytes, NaV 1.5 and Kir2.1 channels interact dynamically as part of membrane bound macromolecular complexes. <u>Objective:</u> To test whether NaV 1.5 and Kir2.1 preassemble during early forward trafficking and travel together to common membrane microdomains. <u>Methods and Results:</u> In patch-clamp experiments, co-expression of trafficking deficient mutants Kir2.1Δ314-315 or Kir2.1R44A/R46A with wildtype (WT) NaV 1.5WT in heterologous cells reduced INa , compared to NaV 1...
March 7, 2018: Circulation Research
Hugo Cezar Nogueira Alvim, Laís Regiane da Silva-Concílio, José Renato Cavalcanti de Queiroz, Marina Amaral, Rafael Pino Vitti, Ana Christina Claro Neves
The aim of this study was to evaluate the bond strength between an yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (Y-TZP) ceramic and a luting agent when submitted to plasma etching surface treatment before and after thermocycling (TC) with 3000 cycles of 5°C-55°C. The null hypothesis was that the surface treatments and thermocycling would not influence the bond strength. A total of 160 Y-TZP ceramic blocks in 2 sizes (10 size 1 and 10 size 2 blocks in each group) were distributed into 8 groups: group C (control), no surface treatment; group C-TC, TC without prior surface treatment; group SAO, sandblasting with aluminum oxide (Al2O3); group SAO-TC, sandblasting with Al2O3 followed by TC; group SAOS, sandblasting with silica-coated Al2O3; group SAOS-TC, sandblasting with silica-coated Al2O3 followed by TC; group PE, plasma etching; and group PE-TC, plasma etching followed by TC...
March 2018: General Dentistry
Kai Peng, Qianqian Huang, Zhongjun Xu, Tim A McAllister, Surya Acharya, Irene Mueller-Harvey, Christopher Drake, Junming Cao, Yanhua Huang, Yuping Sun, Shunxi Wang, Yuxi Wang
Conservation methods have been shown to affect forage nutrient composition and value, but little information is available about the effect of forage conservation on plant condensed tannins (CT). The objective of this study was to assess the effects of conservation method on the concentration, chemical composition and biological activity of CT. Whole-plant purple prairie clover (PPC, Dalea purpurea Vent.) was harvested at full flower and conserved as freeze-dried forage (FD), hay (HAY) or silage (SIL). Concentration of CT in conserved PPC was determined by the butanol-HCl-acetone method...
March 6, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Samira Mafi Moghaddam, Mark A Brick, Dimas Echeverria, Henry J Thompson, Leslie A Brick, Rian Lee, Sujan Mamidi, Phillip E McClean
Common bean ( L.) is the most consumed edible grain legume worldwide and contains a wide range of nutrients for human health including dietary fiber. Diets high in beans are associated with lower rates of chronic diseases such as obesity and type 2 diabetes, and the content of dietary fibers varies among different market classes of dry bean. In this study, we evaluated the dietary fiber content in a Middle American diversity panel (MDP) of common bean and evaluated the genetic architecture of the various dietary fiber components...
March 2018: Plant Genome
Leila Amininejad, Benoit Charloteaux, Emilie Theatre, Claire Liefferinckx, Julia Dmitrieva, Pierre Hayard, Vincianne Muls, Jean-Marc Maisin, Michael Schapira, Jean-Michel Ghislain, Pierre Closset, Mehdi Talib, Marc Abramowicz, Yukihide Momozawa, Valerie Deffontaine, François Crins, Myriam Mni, Latifa Karim, Nadine Cambisano, Sandra Ornemese, Alessandro Zucchi, Charlotte Minsart, Jacques Deviere, Jean-Pierre Hugot, Martine De Vos, Edouard Louis, Severine Vermeire, Andre Van Gossum, Wouter Coppieters, Jean-Claude Twizere, Michel Georges, Denis Franchimont
BACKGROUND & AIMS: A few rare monogenic primary immunodeficiencies (PID) are characterized by chronic intestinal inflammation that resembles Crohn's disease (CD). We investigated whether 23 genes associated with 10 of these monogenic disorders contain common, low-frequency or rare variants that increase risk for CD. METHODS: Common and low frequency variants in 1 Mb loci centered on the candidate genes were analyzed using meta-data corresponding to genotypes of approximately 17,000 patients with CD or without CD (controls) in Europe...
February 28, 2018: Gastroenterology
Farahnaz Sharafeddin, Soodabe Shoale
Statement of the Problem: The clinical success of ceramic depends on the quality of the bond between the zirconia and resin cement. Purpose: In the present study, the effects of universal and conventional MDP-containing primers were evaluated on the shear bond strength of zirconia ceramic and nanofilled composite resin. Materials and Method: Thirty blocks of zirconia ceramic (6mm×2mm) were prepared. Then the inner surfaces were air-abraded and divided into three groups (n= 10) as follows: untreated with primer (control group, I); All- Bond Universal (group II) and Z-Prime Plus (group III)...
March 2018: Journal of Dentistry
Ashkan Zehfroosh, Elena Kokkoni, Herbert G Tanner, Jeffrey Heinz
This paper offers a new approach to learning discrete models for human-robot interaction (HRI) from small data. In the motivating application, HRI is an integral part of a pediatric rehabilitation paradigm that involves a play-based, social environment aiming at improving mobility for infants with mobility impairments. Designing interfaces in this setting is challenging, because in order to harness, and eventually automate, the social interaction between children and robots, a behavioral model capturing the causality between robot actions and child reactions is needed...
July 2017: Mediterranean Conference on Control & Automation: [proceedings]
Oana-Crina Bujor, Christian Ginies, Valentin I Popa, Claire Dufour
Fruits and aerial parts of lingonberry could be better developed as dietary supplements if the composition in bioactive phenolic compounds and the best period for collection were known. UPLC/MS analysis revealed the predominant presence of arbutin in leaf and that of flavanols in stems harvested in May, July and September. Anthocyanins, flavanols and benzoic acid derivatives were equally present in fruits. Stem and leaf are highly homologous with (+)-catechin, A- and B-type dimers/trimers, and two quercetin glycosides as major contributors...
June 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
Christine McDonald, Min Shen, Erin E Johnson, Amrita Kabi, Qingping Yao
Yao syndrome (YAOS) is a systemic autoinflammatory disease (SAID), formerly termed nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-2 (NOD2)-associated autoinflammatory disease. Due to the recent identification of YAOS, the molecular mechanisms underlying its disease pathogenesis are unclear. With specific NOD2 variants as characteristic genotypic features of YAOS, our study examined NOD2 expression, transcript splicing, signaling pathway activation, and cytokine profiles in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 10 YAOS patients and six healthy individuals...
March 2018: Autoimmunity
Wolfgang Roll, Matthias Weckesser, Monika Pöppelmann, Manfred Schiborr, Michael Schäfers, Kambiz Rahbar
The classification of thyroid nodules in children is often difficult, especially in pretreated patients with metastatic disease. In osteosarcoma patients, Tc-MDP SPECT/CT is used for primary and follow-up staging. Bone and soft tissue metastases can be revealed because of Tc-MDP imaging of osteoid-producing metastases. We present Tc-MDP SPECT-CT, CT, and ultrasound images of a highly suspicious calcified thyroid lesion in a 17-year-old boy with osteosarcoma. High uptake in Tc-MDP SPECT-CT provides diagnosis of thyroid metastasis of osteosarcoma, which was proven by histopathology...
February 21, 2018: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Marcelle Gonçalves Garcia, Laiza Tatiana Poskus, Viviane Hass, Cristiane Mariote Amaral, Jaime Dutra Noronha-Filho, Eduardo Moreira da Silva
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of Ca(OH)2 concentration on pH neutralization, degree of conversion (DC%), and bonding performance of experimental self-etch adhesives (SEAs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four different concentrations of Ca(OH)2 (0 wt%, 1 wt%, 2 wt%, and 4 wt%) were added to the bond of an experimental two-step SEA consisting of primer (10-MDP [30 wt%], TEG-DMA [30 wt%], ethanol [35 wt%], water [5 wt%], camphorquinone [0.5 wt%], and tertiary amine [0...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
Putsadeeporn Thammajaruk, Masanao Inokoshi, Shanley Chong, Massimiliano Guazzato
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature and statistically analyze bond strength data to identify the influence that composite cements, type of test methodology, chemical and mechanical pre-treatments have on the bond strength of composite cements to zirconia in three different artificial aging conditions. METHODS: The literature was electronically searched in MEDLINE, PUBMED, EMBASE, and SCOPUS to select relevant articles that evaluated the bond strength between zirconia and composite cements...
February 8, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
David G Leach, Neeraja Dharmaraj, Stacey L Piotrowski, Tania L Lopez-Silva, Yu L Lei, Andrew G Sikora, Simon Young, Jeffrey D Hartgerink
Recent advancements in the field of immunotherapy have yielded encouraging results for the treatment of advanced cancers. Cyclic dinucleotides (CDNs) are a powerful new class of immunotherapy drugs known as STING (Stimulator of Interferon Genes) agonists, currently in clinical trials. However, previous studies of CDNs in murine cancer models have required multiple injections, and improve survival only in relatively nonaggressive tumor models. Therefore, we sought to improve the efficacy of CDN immunotherapy by developing a novel biomaterial we call "STINGel...
February 6, 2018: Biomaterials
Benoit Egarnes, Jean Gosselin
Influenza A virus (IAV) is recognized to cause severe pulmonary illnesses in humans, particularly in elderly and children. One of the features associated with IAV infection is an excessive lung inflammation due to an uncontrolled immune response. The nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain 2 (NOD2) receptor is known to recognize ssRNA viruses such as IAV, but its role in the inflammatory process during viral infections remains to be clarified. In a previous report, we have shown that activation of NOD2 with muramyl dipeptide (MDP) significantly reduces both viral loads and lung inflammation and also improves pulmonary function during IAV infection...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Andreia Dossantos, Noel Macalintal, Yassine Bouchareb, Emily Joel, Hikmat Jan, Athar Haroon
In these teaching case studies we discuss two cases of slipped upper femoral epiphysis and role of Tc99m MDP Scintigraphy with SPECT/CT. We have described incremental value of SPECT/CT in detection of viability of the femoral head and implications in management of patients with slipped epiphysis.
February 2, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
Gregory S Schultz, Kevin Woo, Dot Weir, Qingping Yang
OBJECTIVE: Removal of slough and other devitalised tissue is an important step in biofilm-based wound care (BBWC) and wound bed preparation. Debridement is key to management of both slough and biofilm, and a number of methods are available to achieve this, including surgical/sharp and mechanical debridement. Developments have led to products indicated for debridement of wounds, including a sterile pad consisting of monofilament fibres. Our aim is to examine the effectiveness of a monofilament wound debridement pad (WDP), Debrisoft...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Wound Care
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