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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334045/development-of-a-patient-experience-questionnaire-to-improve-lifestyle-services-in-primary-care
#1
Paula Brauer, Dawna Royall, Anneli Kaethler, Alexandra Mayhew, Maya Israeloff-Smith
Aim We developed a self-report tool to assess patients' experiences with lifestyle services in team-based primary care and pilot tested the questionnaire as part of a lifestyle intervention study to reverse metabolic syndrome. BACKGROUND: Older client satisfaction questionnaires have been generally inadequate for quality improvement purposes, as they have been focused mainly on interpersonal skills of providers and/or in the context of one disease. New approaches to assessing the patient experience of lifestyle programs in primary care are needed and could inform quality improvement efforts over time...
January 15, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333806/asq-3-validation-of-the-ages-and-stages-questionnaire-for-the-detection-of-neurodevelopmental-disorders-in-argentine-children
#2
Ana M Romero Otalvaro, Nora Grañana, Nadia Gaeto, María de Los Á Torres, María N Zamblera, María A Vasconez, Claudia Misenta, María E Rouvier, Jane Squires
INTRODUCTION: The systematic assessment of child development in the first years of life is an essential component of pediatric health checkups. The Ages and Stages Questionnaire, third edition (ASQ-3) is the most validated scale, and has been recommended by the UNICEF to verify if children have a normal neurological development. It is a monitoring instrument to assess the main developmental areas, including communication, gross motor, fine motor, personal-social, and problem solving skills, and to compare the local population to the international development standards...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333620/in-center-hemodialysis-education-challenges-and-innovations-in-training-of-fellows-in-nephrology
#3
Louise M Moist, Robert M Lindsay
The in-center dialysis unit and practice of dialysis, in the current multi-team approach, requires knowledge and skills in all the domains including medical expert, communicator, collaborator, scholar, health advocate, and leader. We are tasked as a community, to embrace and incentivize new innovations and technology to address these needs for our post graduate trainees. These innovations must address the basic principles of dialysis, quality improvement, technical and procedural skills as well as leadership and administration skills...
January 14, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333196/brief-report-reduced-anxiety-following-pivotal-response-treatment-in-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
Jiedi Lei, Denis G Sukhodolsky, Sebiha M Abdullahi, Megan L Braconnier, Pamela Ventola
Up to 40% of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) exhibit co-occurring anxiety symptoms. Despite recent success in mitigating anxiety symptoms in school-aged children with ASD (mean age >9 years) using adapted versions of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, little is known about potential treatment outcomes for younger children. To address the gap in the literature, this open-label study evaluated change in anxiety following a 16-week open-label trial of Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT) in children with ASD aged 4-8 years...
November 2017: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330973/the-effect-of-sex-education-and-life-skills-for-preventive-sexual-risk-behaviours-among-university-of-students-in-thailand
#5
Katekaew Seangpraw, Rattana Somrongthong, Monchanok Choowanthanapakorn, Ramesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: Currently, the problem of sexual risk behaviour of adolescents has increased worldwide, including Thailand. This study compared the effectiveness of promoting life skills to prevent sexual risk behaviours among university students in the Phayao Province of Thailand. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design was employed with a pre- and post-test study for a sample of freshmen university students. The students were then split into an intervention group comprised of 300 students, with a second group of 250 students from the same faculty as the control group...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330842/self-perceived-long-term-transfer-of-learning-after-postpartum-hemorrhage-simulation-training
#6
Brena C P Melo, Ana R Falbo, Jette Led Sorensen, Jeroen J G van Merriënboer, Cees van der Vleuten
OBJECTIVE: To explore long-term transfer (application of acquired knowledge and skills on the job) after postpartum hemorrhage simulation training based on either instructional design (ID) principles or conventional best practice. METHODS: In this qualitative study, semi-structured interviews with obstetrics and gynecology healthcare practitioners were conducted between August 7 and September 26, 2015, in Recife, Brazil. The participants were randomly selected from each of two postpartum hemorrhage simulations attended 2 years earlier (one ID and one conventional best practice)...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329955/longitudinal-predictors-of-early-language-in-infants-with-down-syndrome-a-preliminary-study
#7
Emily Mason-Apps, Vesna Stojanovik, Carmel Houston-Price, Sue Buckley
PURPOSE: Children with Down syndrome (DS) typically have marked delays in language development relative to their general cognitive development, with particular difficulties in expressive compared to receptive language. Although early social communication skills, including gestures and joint attention, have been shown to be related to later language outcomes in DS, knowledge is limited as to whether these factors exclusively predict outcomes, or whether other factors (e.g. perceptual and non-verbal skills) are involved...
January 9, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329691/communication-disparity-between-bereaved-and-others-what-hurts-them-and-what-is-unhelpful-a-nationwide-study-of-the-cancer-bereaved
#8
EMayumi Ishida, Hideki Onishi, Tatsuya Morita, Yosuke Uchitomi, Megumi Shimizu, Satoru Tsuneto, Yasuo Shima, Mitsunori Miyashita
CONTEXT: The importance of communication between the cancer bereaved and others has been emphasized, but little is known about the more problematic aspects of this communication such as "unhelpful communication". OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to establish which types of communication are perceived by the bereaved to be unhelpful. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, anonymous, nationwide survey at 103 certified hospice facilities/palliative care units in Japan...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329349/natural-wind-variability-triggered-drop-in-german-redispatch-volume-and-costs-from-2015-to-2016
#9
Jan Wohland, Mark Reyers, Carolin Märker, Dirk Witthaut
Avoiding dangerous climate change necessitates the decarbonization of electricity systems within the next few decades. In Germany, this decarbonization is based on an increased exploitation of variable renewable electricity sources such as wind and solar power. While system security has remained constantly high, the integration of renewables causes additional costs. In 2015, the costs of grid management saw an all time high of about € 1 billion. Despite the addition of renewable capacity, these costs dropped substantially in 2016...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328750/adaptation-of-a-tool-to-assess-non-technical-skills-of-scrub-practitioners-in-denmark
#10
Anna Sofie Mundt, Lene Spanager, Helle Teglgaard Lyk-Jensen, Doris Østergaard
The aim of this study was to adapt the Scottish tool, Scrub Practitioners List of Intraoperative Non-Technical Skills, to Danish organisation and culture. With an explorative and qualitative approach, four group interviews with scrub practitioners, surgeons and anaesthesia staff were conducted. The main differences found were related to communication and teamwork regarding scrub practitioners focus on the team and speaking up. Differences in the non-technical skills described in the behavioural markers are perhaps explained by cultural differences between Scotland and Denmark...
September 2017: Journal of Perioperative Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328357/sensitizing-inpatient-mental-health-staff-to-the-challenges-of-aging
#11
Michelle R Zechner, Joseph C Birkmann, Jennifer Sperduto, Carlos Pratt
Although the aging inpatient population in state psychiatric hospitals is growing significantly, there are few examples of available training to improve staff knowledge and practice. The current article describes a 10-week training series developed through a university and psychiatric hospital collaboration. Training was attended by 135 direct care nursing and rehabilitation staff and focused on improving aging awareness, problem solving, using person-centered therapeutic techniques, and engaging older adults...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327328/genetic-analysis-of-very-obese-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Herman D Cortes, Rachel Wevrick
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is defined by the triad of deficits in social interactions, deficits in communication, and repetitive behaviors. Common co-morbidities in syndromic forms of ASD include intellectual disability, seizures, and obesity. We asked whether very obese children with ASD had different behavioral, physical and genetic characteristics compared to children with ASD who were not obese. We found that very obese children with ASD had significantly poorer scores on standardized behavioral tests...
January 11, 2018: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326190/a-qualitative-study-of-patients-feedback-about-outpatient-parenteral-antimicrobial-therapy-opat-services-in-northern-england-implications-for-service-improvement
#13
Maureen Twiddy, Carolyn J Czoski Murray, Samantha J Mason, David Meads, Judy M Wright, Elizabeth D Mitchell, Jane Minton
OBJECTIVE: Outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) provides opportunities for improved cost savings, but in the UK, implementation is patchy and a variety of service models are in use. The slow uptake in the UK and Europe is due to a number of clinical, financial and logistical issues, including concern about patient safety. The measurement of patient experience data is commonly used to inform commissioning decisions, but these focus on functional aspects of services and fail to examine the relational aspects of care...
January 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326101/pathways-over-time-functional-genomics-research-in-an-introductory-laboratory-course
#14
Todd D Reeves, Douglas M Warner, Larry H Ludlow, Clare M O'Connor
National reports have called for the introduction of research experiences throughout the undergraduate curriculum, but practical implementation at many institutions faces challenges associated with sustainability, cost, and large student populations. We describe a novel course-based undergraduate research experience (CURE) that introduces introductory-level students to research in functional genomics in a 3-credit, multisection laboratory class. In the Pathways over Time class project, students study the functional conservation of the methionine biosynthetic pathway between divergent yeast species...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325569/the-relevance-of-clinical-ethnography-reflections-on-10%C3%A2-years-of-a-cultural-consultation-service
#15
Melissa Dominicé Dao, Sophie Inglin, Sarah Vilpert, Patricia Hudelson
BACKGROUND: Training health professionals in culturally sensitive medical interviewing has been widely promoted as a strategy for improving intercultural communication and for helping clinicians to consider patients' social and cultural contexts and improve patient outcomes. Clinical ethnography encourages clinicians to explore the patient's explanatory model of illness, recourse to traditional and alternative healing practices, healthcare expectations and social context, and to use this information to negotiate a mutually acceptable treatment plan...
January 11, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324475/bilateral-cochlear-implants-maximizing-expected-outcomes
#16
Kate E Willis, Nathan J Blum, Stephanie A Waryasz, Marilyn Augustyn
Sonia is a 4 1/12-year-old girl with Waardenburg syndrome and bilateral sensorineural hearing loss who had bilateral cochlear implants at 2 7/12 years of age. She is referred to Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics by her speech/language pathologist because of concerns that her language skills are not progressing as expected after the cochlear implant. At the time of the implant, she communicated using approximately 20 signs and 1 spoken word (mama). At the time of the evaluation (18 months after the implant) she had approximately 70 spoken words (English and Spanish) and innumerable signs that she used to communicate...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322822/assessment-of-aided-language-comprehension-and-use-in-children-and-adolescents-with-severe-speech-and-motor-impairments
#17
Beata Batorowicz, Kristine Stadskleiv, Gregor Renner, Annika Dahlgren Sandberg, Stephen von Tetzchner
There is limited knowledge about aided language comprehension and use in children who use aided communication and who are considered to have a relatively good comprehension of spoken language. This study's purpose was to assess their aided language skills. The participants were 96 children and adolescents who used communication aids (aided group) and 73 children and adolescents with natural speech (reference group), aged 5 to 15 years. All of the participants who used aided communication were regarded by their teachers or professionals as having age-appropriate language comprehension...
January 11, 2018: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322713/communication-adaptations-for-a-diverse-international-patient-population
#18
Aditya Ghosh, Shashank Joshi, Amit K Ghosh
We live in an age of hyper connectivity, people from around the world are looking outside their own national borders to receive medical care. As more people are learning about the quality that the elite Indian hospitals provide at a competitive, and often more affordable, price compared to other institutions around the world, they are becoming increasingly interested in receiving their medical care in Indian hospitals. It is for this exact reason that it is very important to learn the importance of communicating effectively with people from a diverse background...
November 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320790/-learning-in-protected-environment-implementation-in-continuing-medical-education
#19
Lion Sieg, Lars Friedrich, Hendrik Eismann
Actual concepts in continuing medical education in acute or emergency medicine contain skill training as well as simulation training. Methods and mechanisms to reduce crisis, like human factor training, shared mental models or closed-loop communication are incorporated. It is unknown which training method is optimal for individual departments in hospitals or for the individual level of education of the healthcare provider. A concept we provide is the so called "learning in protected environment": this environment protects the course participants and our patients from negative consequences of a conventional hands-on training...
January 2018: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320789/-simulation-as-a-training-method-for-the-professionalization-of-teams
#20
Markus Flentje, Hendrik Eismann, Lion Sieg, Lars Friedrich, Georg Breuer
Simulation as an educational method can be applied to the training of processes, technical and non-technical skills. This article focuses on the role of simulation in crisis resource management and non-technical skills. A realistic work environment requires well-trained staff regarding simulation technology and communication. A training (unit) is divided into three sections. During the briefing the team is introduced to the scenario. Afterwards, the patient is treated by an interdisciplinary team. Communication under the pressure of action, even if one does not agree with the approach of the colleagues, should be practiced...
January 2018: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
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