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outer membrane protein analysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156685/whole-genome-and-transcriptome-analysis-reveal-maldi-tof-ms-and-sds-page-have-limited-performance-for-the-detection-of-the-key-outer-membrane-protein-in-carbapenem-resistant-klebsiella-pneumoniae-isolates
#1
Naina Adren Pinto, Roshan D'Souza, In Sik Hwang, Jongrak Choi, Yong Ha In, Hyung Soon Park, Choong-Min Ryu, Dongeun Yong, Kyungwon Lee
To detect the outer membrane protein (OMP), which plays a key role in carbapenem resistance, whole-genome and transcriptome analysis of the clinical carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae was carried out. The index strain lacked both OmpK35 and OmpK36, whereas the other strains lacked only OmpK35. After SDS-PAGE, the putative OMP bands were excised and identified as OmpA and OmpK36. MALDI-TOF MS showed peaks at ∼36 and ∼38 kDa that corresponded to OmpA and OmpK36, respectively. In all the strains except YMC2014/03/P345, the ∼38 kDa peaks were present...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154438/impact-of-heat-shock-protein-60kd-in-combination-with-outer-membrane-proteins-on-immune-response-against-brucella-melitensis
#2
Tooba Abbassi-Daloii, Soheil Yousefi, Mohammad Hadi Sekhavati, Mojtaba Tahmoorespur
Brucellosis caused by the bacterium Brucella affects various domestic and wild species. The outer membrane proteins 25 and 31 play key roles on stimulation of cell-mediated immune response against Brucella. GroEL as one of the major Brucella antigens stimulates the immune system and increases intracellular survival of bacteria. In the present study, we assumed injection of GroEL in combination with OMP25 and OMP31 would offer higher immunity levels. So, the impact of GroEL with different concentrations of recombinant outer membrane proteins emulsified in Chitosan Nanoparticles on immune responses was evaluated in mice model...
November 20, 2017: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146252/the-outer-membrane-protein-oprf-and-the-sigma-factor-sigx-regulate-antibiotic-production-in-pseudomonas-fluorescens-2p24
#3
Xu Li, Gao-Qi Gu, Wei Chen, Li-Juan Gao, Xue-Hong Wu, Li-Qun Zhang
Pseudomonas fluorescens 2P24 produces 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol (2,4-DAPG) as the major antibiotic compound that protects plants from soil-borne diseases. Expression of the 2,4-DAPG biosynthesis enzymes, which are encoded by the phlACBD locus, is under the control of a delicate regulatory network. In this study, we identified a novel role for the outer membrane protein gene oprF, in negatively regulating the 2,4-DAPG production by using random mini-Tn5 mutagentsis. A sigma factor gene sigX was located immediately upstream of the oprF gene and shown to be a positive regulator for oprF transcription and 2,4-DAPG production...
January 2018: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136861/quality-by-design-approach-in-the-development-of-an-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-method-for-bexsero-meningococcal-group-b-vaccine
#4
Luca Nompari, Serena Orlandini, Benedetta Pasquini, Cristiana Campa, Michele Rovini, Massimo Del Bubba, Sandra Furlanetto
Bexsero is the first approved vaccine for active immunization of individuals from 2 months of age and older to prevent invasive disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B. The active components of the vaccine are Neisseria Heparin Binding Antigen, factor H binding protein, Neisseria adhesin A, produced in Escherichia coli cells by recombinant DNA technology, and Outer Membrane Vesicles (expressing Porin A and Porin B), produced by fermentation of Neisseria meningitidis strain NZ98/254. All the Bexsero active components are adsorbed on aluminum hydroxide and the unadsorbed antigens content is a product critical quality attribute...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129605/evolution-and-adaptation-of-single-pass-transmembrane-proteins
#5
Irina D Pogozheva, Andrei L Lomize
A comparative analysis of 6,039 single-pass (bitopic) membrane proteins from six evolutionarily distant organisms was performed based on data from the Membranome database. The observed repertoire of bitopic proteins is significantly enlarged in eukaryotic cells and especially in multicellular organisms due to the diversification of enzymes, emergence of proteins involved in vesicular trafficking, and expansion of receptors, structural, and adhesion proteins. The majority of bitopic proteins in multicellular organisms are located in the plasma membrane (PM) and involved in cell communication...
November 9, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129383/the-structure-of-a-conserved-domain-of-tamb-reveals-a-hydrophobic-%C3%AE-taco-fold
#6
Inokentijs Josts, Christopher James Stubenrauch, Grishma Vadlamani, Khedidja Mosbahi, Daniel Walker, Trevor Lithgow, Rhys Grinter
The translocation and assembly module (TAM) plays a role in the transport and insertion of proteins into the bacterial outer membrane. TamB, a component of this system spans the periplasmic space to engage with its partner protein TamA. Despite efforts to characterize the TAM, the structure and mechanism of action of TamB remained enigmatic. Here we present the crystal structure of TamB amino acids 963-1,138. This region represents half of the conserved DUF490 domain, the defining feature of TamB. TamB963-1138 consists of a concave, taco-shaped β sheet with a hydrophobic interior...
November 3, 2017: Structure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128492/expression-of-potassium-dependent-sodium-calcium-exchanger-in-the-murine-lens
#7
Alicia De Maria, Haiqing Zhao, Steven Bassnett
Loss of intracellular calcium homeostasis may contribute to the opacification of lens tissue during cortical cataract formation. In healthy lenses, the concentration of intracellular calcium is maintained at levels far below electrochemical equilibrium but the identity of the calcium extrusion mechanism in lens fiber cells has remained elusive. Previous studies focused on the role of plasma membrane calcium ATPases and sodium-calcium exchangers. Here, we examined the expression of mRNA transcripts encoding potassium-dependent sodium-calcium exchangers (Nckx's, encoded by the Slc24 gene family) in the mouse lens...
November 9, 2017: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127121/pkc-epsilon-is-a-key-regulator-of-mitochondrial-redox-homeostasis-in-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#8
Daniela Di Marcantonio, Esteban Martinez, Simone Sidoli, Jessica Vadaketh, Margaret Nieborowska-Skorska, Anushk Gupta, Jacob Michael Meadows, Francesca Ferraro, Elena Masselli, Grant A Challen, Michael D Milsom, Claudia Scholl, Stefan Froehling, Siddharth Balachandran, Tomasz Skorski, Benjamin Garcia, Prisco Mirandola, Giuliana Gobbi, Ramiro Garzon, Marco Vitale, Stephen M Sykes
PURPOSE: The intracellular redox environment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells is often highly oxidized compared to healthy hematopoietic progenitors and this is purported to contribute to disease pathogenesis. However, the redox regulators that allow AML cell survival in this oxidized environment remain largely unknown. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN AND RESULTS: We show that RNA interference-mediated inhibition of the serine/threonine kinase PKC-epsilon (PKCe) reduces cell survival in a diverse panel of patient-derived AML samples and significantly delays disease onset in a genetically engineered mouse model (GEMM) of AML driven by MLL-AF9...
November 10, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119233/potential-outer-membrane-protein-candidates-for-vaccine-development-against-the-pathogen-vibrio-anguillarum-a-reverse-vaccinology-based-identification
#9
Pallavi Baliga, Malathi Shekar, Moleyur Nagarajappa Venugopal
Reverse vaccinology is a widely used approach that has facilitated the rapid identification of vaccine candidates suitable in vaccine development for pathogens. Vibrio anguillarum is a major pathogen responsible for vibriosis in fish and shellfish leading to huge economic losses to the aquaculture industry. Although commercial vaccines are available for fish against this bacterium they have their own limitations. In this study, we used the reverse vaccinology strategy to screen and identify V. anguillarum outer membrane proteins (OMPs) that could serve as vaccine candidates...
November 8, 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117518/protein-sequence-and-membrane-lipid-roles-in-the-activation-kinetics-of-bovine-and-human-rhodopsins
#10
Istvan Szundi, Chie Funatogawa, Ying Guo, Elsa C Y Yan, David S Kliger
Rhodopsin is a G protein-coupled receptor found in the rod outer segments in the retina, which triggers a visual response under dim light conditions. Recently, a study of the late, microsecond-to-millisecond kinetics of photointermediates of the human and bovine rhodopsins in their native membranes revealed a complex, double-square mechanism of rhodopsin activation. In this kinetic scheme, the human rhodopsin exhibited more Schiff base deprotonation than bovine rhodopsin, which could arise from the ∼7% sequence difference between the two proteins, or from the difference between their membrane lipid environments...
November 7, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115510/hgf-induces-the-serine%C3%A2-phosphorylation-and-cell-surface-translocation-of-romk-kir-1-1-channels-in-rat-kidney-cells
#11
Takashi Kato, Kiyomasa Oka, Toshikazu Nakamura
Extracellular potassium homeostasis is dependent on the activity of potassium channels, which are expressed on the apical membrane of epithelial tubular cells. The renal outer medullary potassium channel (ROMK) is considered to be the major route for potassium transport into the tubule lumen. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) exerts multiple biological activities and is important for maintaining renal homeostasis. It is also anti‑apoptotic and mitogenic for protection and recovery from ARF. Whether HGF regulates the ion channel activities remains to be elucidated, therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the modulation of HGF on the expression of ROMK in cultured renal tubular cells...
November 6, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109183/mutation-and-suppressor-analysis-of-the-essential-lps-transport-protein-lpta-reveals-strategies-to-overcome-severe-outer-membrane-permeability-defects-in-escherichia-coli
#12
Federica A Falchi, Elisa A Maccagni, Simone Puccio, Clelia Peano, Cristina De Castro, Angelo Palmigiano, Domenico Garozzo, Alessandra M Martorana, Alessandra Polissi, Gianni Dehò, Paola Sperandeo
In Gram-negative bacteria, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) contributes to the robust permeability barrier of the outer membrane (OM), preventing the entry of toxic molecules such as detergents and antibiotics. LPS is transported from the inner membrane (IM) to the OM by the Lpt multiprotein machinery. Defects in LPS transport compromise LPS assembly at the OM and result in increased antibiotic sensitivity. LptA is a key component of the Lpt machine that interacts with the IM protein LptC and chaperons LPS through the periplasm...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095142/high-mortality-of-bloodstream-infection-outbreak-caused-by-carbapenem-resistant-p-aeruginosa-producing-spm-1-in-a-bone-marrow-transplant-unit
#13
Lucas Chaves, Lísia Moura Tomich, Matias Salomão, Gleice Cristina Leite, Jessica Ramos, Roberta Ruedas Martins, Camila Rizek, Patricia Neves, Marjorie Vieira Batista, Ulysses Amigo, Thais Guimaraes, Anna Sara Levin, Silvia Figueiredo Costa
PURPOSE: Carbapenem resistance in P. aeruginosa is increasing worldwide. In Brazil, SPM-1 is the main P. aeruginosa carbapenemase identified. Little is known about the virulence factor in SPM-1 clones.Methodolgy. We describe a carbapenem-resistant P. aeruginosa bloodstream infection (CRPa-BSI) outbreak in a bone marrow transplant Unit (BMT). Twenty-nine CRPa-BSI cases were compared to 58 controls. Microbiological characteristics of isolates, such as sensitivity, carbapenemase gene PCR for P...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094929/structural-basis-for-the-serratia-marcescens-lipase-secretion-system-crystal-structures-of-the-membrane-fusion-protein-and-nucleotide-binding-domain
#14
Daichi Murata, Hiroyuki Okano, Clement Angkawidjaja, Masato Akutsu, Shun-Ichi Tanaka, Kenyu Kitahara, Takuya Yoshizawa, Hiroyoshi Matsumura, Yuji Kado, Eiichi Mizohata, Tsuyoshi Inoue, Satoshi Sano, Yuichi Koga, Shigenori Kanaya, Kazufumi Takano
Serratia marcescens secretes a lipase, LipA, through a type I secretion system (T1SS). The T1SS for LipA, the Lip system, is composed of an inner membrane ABC transporter with its nucleotide-binding domains (NBD), LipB, a membrane fusion protein, LipC, and an outer membrane channel protein, LipD. Passenger protein secreted by this system has been functionally and structurally characterized well, but relatively little information about the transporter complex is available. Here, we report the crystallographic studies of LipC without the membrane anchor region, LipC-, and the NBD of LipB (LipB-NBD)...
November 10, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082232/ydj1-governs-fungal-morphogenesis-and-stress-response-and-facilitates-mitochondrial-protein-import-via-mas1-and-mas2
#15
Jinglin L Xie, Iryna Bohovych, Erin O Y Wong, Jean-Philippe Lambert, Anne-Claude Gingras, Oleh Khalimonchuk, Leah E Cowen, Michelle D Leach
Mitochondria underpin metabolism, bioenergetics, signalling, development and cell death in eukaryotes. Most of the ~1,000 yeast mitochondrial proteins are encoded in the nucleus and synthesised as precursors in the cytosol, with mitochondrial import facilitated by molecular chaperones. Here, we focus on the Hsp40 chaperone Ydj1 in the fungal pathogen Candida albicans, finding that it is localised to both the cytosol and outer mitochondrial membrane, and is required for cellular stress responses and for filamentation, a key virulence trait...
October 2, 2017: Microbial Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074429/outer-membrane-protein-a-an-immunogenic-protein-induces-highly-protective-efficacy-against-vibrio-ichthyoenteri
#16
Xiaoqian Tang, Hongye Wang, Fuguo Liu, Xiuzhen Sheng, Jing Xing, Wenbin Zhan
Vibrio ichthyoenteri was an important causative agent of bacterial enteritis in flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus). Outer membrane protein A (OmpA) of Gram-negative pathogen was a major cell surface antigen. In the present study, OmpA of V. ichthyoenteri was recombinantly expressed in Escherichia coli, and the immunogenicity of OmpA was identified by western blotting using flounder anti-rOmpA and anti-V. ichthyoenteri antibodies. The vaccine potential of rOmpA was tested in a flounder model, and a high relative percentage of survival rate was obtained with 73...
October 23, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042673/simultaneous-hydrolysis-of-carbaryl-and-chlorpyrifos-by-stenotrophomonas-sp-strain-yc-1-with-surface-displayed-carbaryl-hydrolase
#17
Chao Yang, Xiaoqing Xu, Yanping Liu, Hong Jiang, Yunbo Wu, Ping Xu, Ruihua Liu
Many sites are often co-contaminated with multiple pesticides. To date, there are no reports on simultaneous degradation of different classes of pesticides by a natural microorganism. In this work, we aim at constructing a live biocatalyst able to simultaneously hydrolyze carbaryl and chlorpyrifos. For this purpose, carbaryl hydrolase (CH) was displayed on the cell surface of a chlorpyrifos-degrading bacterium Stenotrophomonas sp. strain YC-1 using N- and C-terminal domain of ice nucleation protein (INPNC) from Pseudomonas syringae INA5 as an anchoring motif...
October 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042496/structural-basis-of-type-2-secretion-system-engagement-between-the-inner-and-outer-bacterial-membranes
#18
Iain D Hay, Matthew J Belousoff, Trevor Lithgow
Sophisticated nanomachines are used by bacteria for protein secretion. In Gram-negative bacteria, the type 2 secretion system (T2SS) is composed of a pseudopilus assembly platform in the inner membrane and a secretin complex in the outer membrane. The engagement of these two megadalton-sized complexes is required in order to secrete toxins, effectors, and hydrolytic enzymes. Pseudomonas aeruginosa has at least two T2SSs, with the ancestral nanomachine having a secretin complex composed of XcpQ. Until now, no high-resolution structural information was available to distinguish the features of this Pseudomonas-type secretin, which varies greatly in sequence from the well-characterized Klebsiella-type and Vibrio-type secretins...
October 17, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038532/the-major-outer-sheath-protein-forms-distinct-conformers-and-multimeric-complexes-in-the-outer-membrane-and-periplasm-of-treponema-denticola
#19
Robbins Puthenveetil, Sanjiv Kumar, Melissa J Caimano, Abhishek Dey, Arvind Anand, Olga Vinogradova, Justin D Radolf
The major outer sheath protein (MOSP) is a prominent constituent of the cell envelope of Treponema denticola (TDE) and one of its principal virulence determinants. Bioinformatics predicts that MOSP consists of N- and C-terminal domains, MOSP(N) and MOSP(C). Biophysical analysis of constructs refolded in vitro demonstrated that MOSP(C), previously shown to possess porin activity, forms amphiphilic trimers, while MOSP(N) forms an extended hydrophilic monomer. In TDE and E. coli expressing MOSP with a PelB signal sequence (PelB-MOSP), MOSP(C) is OM-embedded and surface-exposed, while MOSP(N) resides in the periplasm...
October 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026093/crystal-structure-of-the-flexible-tandem-repeat-domain-of-bacterial-cellulose-synthesis-subunit-c
#20
Shingo Nojima, Ayumi Fujishima, Koji Kato, Kayoko Ohuchi, Nobutaka Shimizu, Kento Yonezawa, Kenji Tajima, Min Yao
Bacterial cellulose (BC) is synthesized and exported through the cell membrane via a large protein complex (terminal complex) that consists of three or four subunits. BcsC is a little-studied subunit considered to export BC to the extracellular matrix. It is predicted to have two domains: a tetratrico peptide repeat (TPR) domain and a β-barrelled outer membrane domain. Here we report the crystal structure of the N-terminal part of BcsC-TPR domain (Asp24-Arg272) derived from Enterobacter CJF-002. Unlike most TPR-containing proteins which have continuous TPR motifs, this structure has an extra α-helix between two clusters of TPR motifs...
October 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
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