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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212669/understanding-trophic-interactions-in-host-parasite-associations-using-stable-isotopes-of-carbon-and-nitrogen
#1
Milen Nachev, Maik A Jochmann, Friederike Walter, J Benjamin Wolbert, S Marcel Schulte, Torsten C Schmidt, Bernd Sures
BACKGROUND: Stable isotope analysis of carbon and nitrogen can deliver insights into trophic interactions between organisms. While many studies on free-living organisms are available, the number of those focusing on trophic interactions between hosts and their associated parasites still remains scarce. In some cases information about taxa (e.g. acanthocephalans) is completely missing. Additionally, available data revealed different and occasionally contrasting patterns, depending on the parasite's taxonomic position and its degree of development, which is most probably determined by its feeding strategy (absorption of nutrients through the tegument versus active feeding) and its localization in the host...
February 17, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212261/passage-of-gallstones-into-common-bile-duct-during-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-is-it-surgeon-s-responsibility
#2
Mohammed Bani Hani, Abdel Rahman Al Manasra, Haitham Qandeel
PURPOSE: Gallstones patients without preoperative history of jaundice, deranged liver function tests, or dilated bile ducts (BD) are unlikely to have BD stones. However, some of these patients in our series underwent endoscopic stone(s) removal after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). We aim to find the incidence, possible intraoperative risk factors, and if the Surgeon can be blamed for this event. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied LC cases over 12-year period at our university hospital and identified patients who did not have preoperative risk factors for BD stones but developed postoperative jaundice and/or persistent abdominal pain...
February 16, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211043/antimicrobial-stewardship-we-know-it-works-time-to-make-sure-it-is-in-place-everywhere
#3
EDITORIAL
Diamantis Plachouras, Susan Hopkins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210544/cataracts-and-strabismus-associated-with-hand-rearing-using-artificial-milk-formulas-in-bengal-tiger-panthera-tigris-spp-tigris-cubs
#4
Rogério Ribas Lange, Leandro Lima, Erika Frühvald, Vera Sônia Nunes da Silva, Aparecida Sônia de Souza, Fabiano Montiani-Ferreira
The aim of this investigation is to describe the potential contributing nutritional factors involved in the development of ophthalmic and dermatologic changes in four Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris spp tigris) cubs fed an artificial milk formula. The affected animals were compared with two other tiger cubs that had been nursed by their dam naturally. After the first clinical signs appeared, the tiger cubs underwent ophthalmic evaluation. Severe symmetric generalized alopecia over the trunk, sparing the head and distal portion of the front and rear limbs, bilateral cataracts and strabismus were noticed...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205236/trends-in-us-minority-red-blood-cell-unit-donations
#5
Mark H Yazer, Meghan Delaney, Marc Germain, Matthew S Karafin, Merlyn Sayers, Ralph Vassallo, Alyssa Ziman, Beth Shaz
BACKGROUND: To provide the appropriately diverse blood supply necessary to support alloimmunized and chronically transfused patients, minority donation recruitment programs have been implemented. This study investigated temporal changes in minority red blood cell (RBC) donation patterns in the United States. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Data on donor race and ethnicity from 2006 through 2015, including the number of unique donors, collections, RBCs successfully donated, and average annual number of RBC donations per donor (donor fraction), were collected from eight US blood collectors...
February 16, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203059/what-strategies-do-ulcerative-colitis-patients-employ-to-facilitate-adherence
#6
Aki Kawakami, Makoto Tanaka, Makoto Naganuma, Shin Maeda, Reiko Kunisaki, Noriko Yamamoto-Mitani
BACKGROUND: Overall, 30%-45% of patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) are non-adherent and have difficulties taking their medications; this non-adherence increases the risk of clinical relapse 1.4- to 5.5-fold. This study aimed to clarify the strategies patients employ to facilitate adherence and determine whether the strategies had an impact on good adherence. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey using a self-administered questionnaire and review of medical records...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202911/what-rheumatologists-need-to-know-about-crispr-cas9
#7
REVIEW
Gary J Gibson, Maozhou Yang
CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing technology has taken the research world by storm since its use in eukaryotes was first proposed in 2012. Publications describing advances in technology and new applications have continued at an unrelenting pace since that time. In this Review, we discuss the application of CRISPR/Cas9 for creating gene mutations - the application that initiated the current avalanche of interest - and new developments that have largely answered initial concerns about its specificity and ability to introduce new gene sequences...
February 9, 2017: Nature Reviews. Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202001/factors-affecting-the-implementation-of-childhood-vaccination-communication-strategies-in-nigeria-a-qualitative-study
#8
Afiong Oku, Angela Oyo-Ita, Claire Glenton, Atle Fretheim, Glory Eteng, Heather Ames, Artur Muloliwa, Jessica Kaufman, Sophie Hill, Julie Cliff, Yuri Cartier, Xavier Bosch-Capblanch, Gabriel Rada, Simon Lewin
BACKGROUND: The role of health communication in vaccination programmes cannot be overemphasized: it has contributed significantly to creating and sustaining demand for vaccination services and improving vaccination coverage. In Nigeria, numerous communication approaches have been deployed but these interventions are not without challenges. We therefore aimed to explore factors affecting the delivery of vaccination communication in Nigeria. METHODS: We used a qualitative approach and conducted the study in two states: Bauchi and Cross River States in northern and southern Nigeria respectively...
February 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199201/a-critical-review-on-factors-influencing-fermentative-hydrogen-production
#9
Richa Kothari, Virendra Kumar, Vinayak V Pathak, Shamshad Ahmad, Ochieng Aoyi, V V Tyagi
Biohydrogen production by dark fermentation of different waste materials is a promising approach to produce bio-energy in terms of renewable energy exploration. This communication has reviewed various influencing factors of dark fermentation process with detailed account of determinants in biohydrogen production. It has also focused on different factors such as improved bacterial strain, reactor design, metabolic engineering and two stage processes to enhance the bioenergy productivity from substrate. The study also suggest that complete utilization of substrates for biological hydrogen production requires the concentrated research and development for efficient functioning of microorganism with integrated application for energy production and bioremediation...
March 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199048/practice-variability-in-management-of-infectious-issues-in-heterotaxy-a-survey-of-pediatric-cardiologists
#10
Rohit S Loomba, Gabrielle Geddes, Amanda J Shillingford, David A Hehir
BACKGROUND: Splenic dysfunction is common in heterotaxy syndrome, and increases the risk of bacteremia and bacteremia related mortality. Despite the risks associated with bacteremia in this setting, best practice guidelines for management of infectious concerns are lacking. We conducted a survey of pediatric cardiologists to characterize practice regarding the diagnosis of splenic dysfunction, approach to antibiotic prophylaxis, and management of possible bacterial infection. METHODS: A 22-item web-based survey was distributed via email to pediatric cardiologists in North America...
February 15, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192218/perceived-eating-norms-and-children-s-eating-behaviour-an-informational-social-influence-account
#11
Maxine Sharps, Eric Robinson
There is initial evidence that beliefs about the eating behaviour of others (perceived eating norms) can influence children's vegetable consumption, but little research has examined the mechanisms explaining this effect. In two studies we aimed to replicate the effect that perceived eating norms have on children's vegetable consumption, and to explore mechanisms which may underlie the influence of perceived eating norms on children's vegetable consumption. Study 1 investigated whether children follow perceived eating norms due to a desire to maintain personal feelings of social acceptance...
February 9, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191520/a-rose-by-any-name-surely-does-smell-just-as-sweetly-the-controversy-over-revised-nomenclature-for-encapsulated-follicular-variant-papillary-carcinoma
#12
Leonard Wartofsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2016: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184309/plans-hopes-and-ideas-for-mental-health
#13
EDITORIAL
John R Ashton
Mental health and the failings of the mental health services are in the spotlight as never before. Nowhere is this more apparent than in the often dire situation with regard to child and adolescent mental health. At the same time, there is a renewed interest in the scope for prevention of mental illness and distress, and in population approaches to mental well-being. It may come as a surprise to some that others have given such serious consideration to strategic approaches to public mental health as long ago as the 1950s...
February 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182432/the-interaction-of-kmp-11-with-phospholipid-membranes-and-its-implications-in-leishmaniasis-the-effects-of-single-tryptophan-mutations-and-cholesterol
#14
Achinta Sannigrahi, Pabitra Maity, Sanat Karmakar, Krishnananda Chattopadhyay
KMP-11 is a small protein, which is believed to control overall bilayer pressure of leishmania parasite. Recent results suggested that membrane binding and the presence of cholesterol affect the efficacy of leishmanial infection, in which KMP-11 play an important role. Nevertheless, there exists no systematic study of membrane interaction with KMP-11 either in the absence or presence of cholesterol. In this paper, we investigated the interaction between KMP-11 and phospholipid membranes, using an unsatuarated (PC 18:1) 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC) and a saturated (PC 12:0) 1,2-dilauroyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DLPC) lipid, as membrane mimics...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180115/airway-management-of-a-post-tracheostomy-stenosis-patient-with-respiratory-difficulty-make-sure-you-have-fibre-optic-guidance-before-administering-a-muscle-relaxant
#15
Naveen Yadav, Suma Rabab Ahmad, Niraj Kumar, Biplab Mishra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179630/beyond-rcts-in-public-health-policy-research-who-s-the-fairest-of-them-all
#16
Elena N Naumova
The article in this issue by O'Donnell et al stimulated my attention to the methods beyond randomized controlled trials that can help assess public health research and rank its utility in hierarchies of evidence. The future of public health policy research will surely combine computational power and the power of human ingenuity.
February 8, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177306/validation-and-extraction-of-molecular-geometry-information-from-small-molecule-databases
#17
Fei Long, Robert A Nicholls, Paul Emsley, Saulius Graǽulis, Andrius Merkys, Antanas Vaitkus, Garib N Murshudov
A freely available small-molecule structure database, the Crystallography Open Database (COD), is used for the extraction of molecular-geometry information on small-molecule compounds. The results are used for the generation of new ligand descriptions, which are subsequently used by macromolecular model-building and structure-refinement software. To increase the reliability of the derived data, and therefore the new ligand descriptions, the entries from this database were subjected to very strict validation...
February 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section D, Structural Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176628/diabetes-type-4-a-paradigm-shift-in-the-understanding-of-glaucoma-the-brain-specific-diabetes-and-the-candidature-of-insulin-as-a-therapeutic-agent
#18
M A Faiq, T Dada
The present analytical anecdote aims at construing the probable mechanism and ensuing applications of the "Brain Diabetes Hypothesis of Glaucoma" proposed by our research group in early 2014. Here we go a step further to look into many important mechanisms that serve to bridge conceptual gaps to fill up the mosaic of a picture revealing that glaucoma indeed is brain specific diabetes and more appropriately "Diabetes Type 4". Based on this conceptual substance, we weave a novel idea of insulin being a potential remedy for glaucoma...
February 6, 2017: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175386/minimally-invasive-spine-surgery-and-sagittal-correction
#19
Owoicho Adogwa, Durga R Sure, Michael LaBagnara, Christopher I Shaffrey, Richard G Fessler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173917/-i-m-not-sure-it-paints-an-honest-picture-of-where-my-health-s-at-identifying-community-health-and-research-priorities-based-on-health-assessments-within-an-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-community-a-qualitative-study
#20
Geoffrey K Spurling, Chelsea J Bond, Philip J Schluter, Corey I Kirk, Deborah A Askew
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health assessments are conducted annually in Australian primary care to detect risk factors, chronic diseases and implement preventive health measures. At the Inala Indigenous Health Service, health assessment data have also been used for research purposes. This research has been investigator-driven, which risks misinterpreting or ignoring community priorities compared with community-led research. The objective of this research was to learn about the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community's health priorities that could be translated into research themes, and investigate these using health assessment data...
February 8, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
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