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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816678/adaptive-consensus-control-of-nonlinear-multiagent-systems-with-unknown-control-directions-under-stochastic-topologies
#1
Hamed Rezaee, Farzaneh Abdollahi
The consensus problem over high-order nonlinear multiagent systems with the Brunovsky-type model is studied. The model parameters and control directions of agents are supposed to be unknown. Hence, based on Nussbaum-type functions, an adaptive protocol is proposed, which guarantees achieving consensus in the network when the parameters and control directions of the agents are unknown and unidentical. The main contribution of this paper (compared with the existing similar results in the literature) is to guarantee achieving consensus in networks of agents when the communication topology is not connected constantly, and communication links stochastically switch over time...
August 15, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816467/how-sure-are-you-that-this-is-the-man-you-saw-child-witnesses-can-use-confidence-judgments-to-identify-a-target
#2
Kaila C Bruer, Ryan J Fitzgerald, Heather L Price, James D Sauer
We tested whether an alternative lineup procedure designed to minimize problematic influences (e.g., metacognitive development) on decision criteria could be effectively used by children and improve child eyewitness identification performance relative to a standard identification task. Five hundred sixteen children (6- to 13-year-olds) watched a video of a target reading word lists and, the next day, made confidence ratings for each lineup member or standard categorical decisions for 8 lineup members presented sequentially...
August 17, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812949/-i-m-sure-we-made-it-a-better-study%C3%A2-experiences-of-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities-and-parent-carers-of-patient-and-public-involvement-in-a-health-research-study
#3
Carole Beighton, Christina Victor, Iain M Carey, Fay Hosking, Steve DeWilde, Derek G Cook, Paula Manners, Tess Harris
Patient and public involvement is considered integral to health research in the United Kingdom; however, studies documenting the involvement of adults with intellectual disabilities and parent carers in health research studies are scarce. Through group interviews, this study explored the perspectives and experiences of a group of adults with intellectual disabilities and a group of parent carers about their collaborative/participatory involvement in a 3-year study which explored the effectiveness of annual health checks for adults with intellectual disabilities...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812613/making-sure-the-blue-economy-is-green
#4
Jay S Golden, John Virdin, Douglas Nowacek, Patrick Halpin, Lori Bennear, Pawan G Patil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 24, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809160/w-n-tio2-with-positive-enough-level-of-valence-band-maximum-and-narrowing-bandgap-for-selective-aerobic-oxidation-in-visible-light-irradiation
#5
Mingming Zou, Lu Feng, Zhang Bingxue, Xinxin Zhou, Minghui Yang
A kind of surface complex (Triethylamine and mesoporous W-N-TiO2 microspheres with large surface area: 117.5 m2g-1) catalysis were achieved via visible-light photoredox catalysis. Triethylamine behaves as a true redox mediator due to donating ability seems to be highly favorable. With lower bandgap (2.43 eV) and more positive level of VBM (2.905 V), W-N-TiO2 sample has ability to play active catalytic role yielding excellent conversion of the selective oxidation of thioanisole (75.16 %) within 12 h visible light irradiation...
August 15, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808437/how-to-assign-a-3%C3%A2-%C3%A2-1-dimensional-superspace-group-to-an-incommensurately-modulated-biological-macromolecular-crystal
#6
Jason Porta, Jeff Lovelace, Gloria E O Borgstahl
Periodic crystal diffraction is described using a three-dimensional (3D) unit cell and 3D space-group symmetry. Incommensurately modulated crystals are a subset of aperiodic crystals that need four to six dimensions to describe the observed diffraction pattern, and they have characteristic satellite reflections that are offset from the main reflections. These satellites have a non-integral relationship to the primary lattice and require q vectors for processing. Incommensurately modulated biological macromolecular crystals have been frequently observed but so far have not been solved...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Crystallography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807470/persistent-pulmonary-embolism-rates-following-total-knee-arthroplasty-even-with-prophylactic-anticoagulants
#7
Mark P Cote, Anthony Chen, Yue Jiang, Vincent Cheng, Jay R Lieberman
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic pulmonary embolism (PE), a significant and life-threatening complication following total knee arthroplasty (TKA), has been described as a "never event." Despite a number of advancements in care, PE continues to occur following TKA. This study evaluates symptomatic PE rates over time in TKA patients enrolled in multicenter randomized clinical trials assessing the efficacy of venous thromboembolism prophylaxis regimens. METHODS: The MEDLINE and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched to identify clinical trials assessing prophylactic anticoagulation in patients undergoing TKA between January 1995 and December 2016...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802164/agenesis-of-gall-bladder-in-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-case-report
#8
Samer Makki Mohamed Al-Hakkak
INTRODUCTION: Agenesis of gallbladder is a rare congenital anomaly of biliary tree that may be associated with other biliary and extra biliary congenital anomalies. CASE PRESENTATION: A 43- year- old female presented with a 4 months history of upper abdominal pain associated with nausea and vomiting. It was associated with dyspeptic symptoms and become worse following ingestion of high-fat meal contents. Clinically, a differential of gall stone disease was considered...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799435/sure-or-unsure-measuring-students-confidence-and-the-potential-impact-on-patient-safety-in-multiple-choice-questions
#9
Rafael Henrique Rangel, Leona Möller, Helmut Sitter, Tina Stibane, Adam Strzelczyk
BACKGROUND: Multiple-choice questions (MCQs) provide useful information about correct and incorrect answers, but they do not offer information about students' confidence. METHODS: Ninety and another 81 medical students participated each in a curricular neurology multiple-choice exam and indicated their confidence for every single MCQ. Each MCQ had a defined level of potential clinical impact on patient safety (uncritical, risky, harmful). Our first objective was to detect informed (IF), guessed (GU), misinformed (MI), and uninformed (UI) answers...
August 11, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799310/venomous-snake-bite-in-india-why-do-50-000-indians-die-every-year
#10
Jaideep C Menon, Joseph K Joseph, Romulus E Whitaker
Snakebite is an occupational hazard causing considerable morbidity and mortality worldwide, particularly so in tropical countries like India. An estimated 50,000 Indians die due to venomous snakebite every year, seventy percent of whom are males between the ages of 20 to 50 years. Along with the associated morbidity and mortality, snakebite leads to a significant financial burden on the victim, both by way of hospital bills and labour hours lost. Snakebite is also a cause for considerable psychological stress among survivors...
August 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795150/the-effects-of-tacrolimus-on-t-cell-proliferation-are-short-lived-a-pilot-analysis-of-immune-function-testing
#11
Benjamin L Laskin, Jing Jiao, H Jorge Baluarte, Sandra Amaral, Susan L Furth, Tatiana Akimova, Wayne W Hancock, Matthew H Levine, Peter P Reese, Ulf H Beier
BACKGROUND: Optimal immunosuppression after organ transplant should balance the risks of rejection, infection, and malignancy while minimizing barriers to adherence including frequent or time-sensitive dosing. There is currently no reliable immune function assay to directly measure the degree of immunosuppression after transplantation. METHODS: We developed an immune function assay to mea//sure T-cell proliferation after exposure to immunosuppression in vivo. We tested the assay in mice, and then piloted the approach using single time point samples, 11 pediatric kidney transplant recipients prescribed tacrolimus, mycophenolate, and prednisone 6 months to 5 years posttransplant, with no history of rejection, opportunistic infection, or cancer...
August 2017: Transplantation Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794428/japan-s-initiative-on-rare-and-undiagnosed-diseases-irud-towards-an-end-to-the-diagnostic-odyssey
#12
Takeya Adachi, Kazuo Kawamura, Yoshihiko Furusawa, Yuji Nishizaki, Noriaki Imanishi, Senkei Umehara, Kazuo Izumi, Makoto Suematsu
Japan has been facing challenges relating to specifically defined rare diseases, called Nan-Byo in Japanese (literally 'difficult'+'illness'), and has already taken measures for them since 1972. This governmental support has surely benefited Nan-Byo patients; however, those suffering from medically unidentified conditions do not fall into this scheme and thus still confront difficulty in obtaining an examination, a diagnosis, and a treatment. To identify such rare and often undiagnosed diseases, we must integrate systematic diagnosis by medical experts with phenotypic and genetic data matching...
September 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793365/saving-lives-with-caring-assessments-how-tanzanian-nurse-midwives-and-obstetricians-negotiate-postpartum-practices
#13
Thecla W Kohi, Megan Aston, Lilian T Mselle, Danielle Macdonald, Columba Mbekenga, Gail Tomblin Murphy, Maureen White, Shawna OHearn, Sheri Price, Keisha Jefferies
INTRODUCTION: The Tanzanian Government has prioritized maternal and child health as an urgent health care issue. Nurse-midwives and obstetricians are the two main providers of care throughout the prenatal and postpartum periods. THE AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim was to explore the nurse-midwives and obstetricians experiences delivering postpartum care assessments and how it was constructed through personal, social and institutional discourses. DESIGN: A qualitative design guided by a feminist poststructuralist methodology...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792115/digital-workflow-in-full-arch-implant-rehabilitation-with-segmented-minimally-veneered-monolithic-zirconia-fixed-dental-prostheses-2-year-clinical-follow-up
#14
Panos Papaspyridakos, Kiho Kang, Catherine DeFuria, Sarah Amin, Yukio Kudara, Hans-Peter Weber
OBJECTIVE: To illustrate a digital workflow in full-arch implant rehabilitation with minimally veneered monolithic zirconia and to report the outcomes including technical complications. CLINICAL CONSIDERATIONS: Three patients (5 edentulous arches) received full-arch fixed implant rehabilitation with monolithic zirconia and mild facial porcelain veneering involving a digital workflow. The incisal edges and occluding surface areas were milled out of monolithic zirconia to reduce the possibility of chipping...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783355/iminosugar-c-nitromethyl-glycosides-and-divergent-synthesis-of-bicyclic-iminosugars
#15
Sure Siva Prasad, Soundararasu Senthilkumar, Akriti Srivastava, Sundarababu Baskaran
An efficient one-pot method for the stereoselective synthesis of novel iminosugar C-nitromethyl glycosides is described. This new class of iminosugar glycosides has versatile nitromethyl functionality whose utility was further demonstrated in the single-step synthesis of bicyclic iminosugars. Under reagent-free conditions, the N-allyl-C-nitromethyl glycosides resulted in intramolecular cyclization to iminosugar-oximes, whereas under SET oxidation, they furnished cyclopropane-fused iminosugars. The N-propargyl-C-nitromethyl glycosides underwent an unprecedented ketenimine-acrylamidine-Michael addition cascade reaction to give bicyclic amidines...
August 7, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782467/current-and-under-development-treatment-modalities-of-psoriasis-a-review
#16
Abdul Albaghdadi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Psoriasis is a chronic and complex autoimmune inflammatory skin disease that affects over 125 million people worldwide. It can exhibit at any age, in spite of the fact that children are less normally influenced than adults. It is characterized by distinct erythematous plaques shielded with conspicuous silvery scales that shows up in different areas of the skin. Knowledge of pathophysiology, especially the pathogenesis of psoriasis, has significantly progressed in the recent decade...
August 4, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776300/median-time-to-low-disease-activity-is-shorter-in-tocilizumab-combination-therapy-with-csdmards-as-compared-to-tocilizumab-monotherapy-in-patients-with-active-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-inadequate-responses-to-csdmards-and-or-tnf-inhibitors-sub-analysis-of-the
#17
Ruediger B Mueller, Winfried Graninger, Páris Sidiropoulos, Christoph Goger, Johannes von Kempis
To analyse efficacy and safety of tocilizumab in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and an inadequate response to conventional synthetic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (csDMARDs) and/or tumour necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors of the Swiss and Austrian patients from the ACT-SURE study. This is a sub-analysis of RA patients from Switzerland and Austria, who participated in the international phase 3b, open-label, ACT-SURE study. Patients with an inadequate response to csDMARDs or TNF antagonists receiving 8 mg/kg of IV tocilizumab every 4 weeks during a 24-week time period were included into the study...
August 3, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776252/maternal-mortality-and-morbidity-burden-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#18
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: Assessing the burden of maternal mortality is important for tracking progress and identifying public health gaps. This paper provides an overview of the burden of maternal mortality in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) by underlying cause and age from 1990 to 2015. METHODS: We used the results of the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study to explore maternal mortality in the EMR countries. RESULTS: The maternal mortality ratio in the EMR decreased 16...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771752/nursing-professionals-experiences-of-the-facilitators-and-barriers-to-the-use-of-telehealth-applications-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#19
REVIEW
Marita Koivunen, Kaija Saranto
The aim of the study was to synthesise the best available research evidence on nursing professionals' experiences of the facilitators and barriers to the use of online telehealth services in nursing practice. Telehealth is used to deliver healthcare services and health-related information by means of information and communication technology (ICT). The systematic review of qualitative studies was conducted using thematic synthesis of previous studies. International electronic databases PubMed, CINAHL, Eric, Web of Science/Web of Knowledge and Scopus, and Finnish databases Medic and Ohtanen were searched in spring 2013...
August 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765652/hardening-of-shear-band-in-metallic-glass
#20
J G Wang, Y C Hu, P F Guan, K K Song, L Wang, G Wang, Y Pan, B Sarac, J Eckert
Strain hardening, originating from defects such as the dislocation, avails conventional metals of high engineering reliability in applications. However, the hardenability of metallic glass is a long-standing concern due to the lack of similar defects. In this work, we carefully examine the stress-strain relationship in three bulk monolithic metallic glasses. The results show that hardening is surely available in metallic glasses if the effective load-bearing area is considered instantly. The hardening is proposed to result from the remelting and ensuing solidification of the shear-band material under a hydrostatic pressure imposed by the normal stress during the shear banding event...
August 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
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