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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332471/fatal-exertional-heat-stroke-and-american-football-players-the-need-for-regional-heat-safety-guidelines
#1
Andrew J Grundstein, Yuri Hosokawa, Douglas J Casa
CONTEXT:   Weather-based activity modification in athletics is an important way to minimize heat illnesses. However, many commonly used heat-safety guidelines include a uniform set of heat-stress thresholds that do not account for geographic differences in acclimatization. OBJECTIVE:   To determine if heat-related fatalities among American football players occurred on days with unusually stressful weather conditions based on the local climate and to assess the need for regional heat-safety guidelines...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329471/diagnosing-meniscal-pathology-and-understanding-how-to-evaluate-a-postoperative-meniscus-based-on-the-operative-procedure
#2
Monica Tafur, Linda Probyn, Jaskarndip Chahal, Lawrence M White
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) represents the preferred noninvasive imaging technique to diagnose meniscal pathology in the pre- and postoperative setting. Furthermore, characterization of meniscal tissue MR properties has been possible by the development of advanced MRI techniques. Suspected meniscal tears are a frequent indication for MRI and the International Society of Arthroscopy, Knee Surgery and Orthopaedic Sports Medicine (ISAKOS) classification system has been developed to facilitate accurate and uniform reporting of such meniscal tears...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324408/assessing-dynamic-balance-performance-during-exergaming-based-on-speed-and-curvature-of-body-movements
#3
Venustiano Soancatl Aguilar, Jasper J van de Gronde, Claudine J C Lamoth, Natasha M Maurits, Jos B T M Roerdink
Improving balance performance among the elderly is of utmost importance because of the increasing number of injuries and fatalities caused by fall incidences. Digital games controlled by body movements (exergames) have been proposed as a way to improve balance among older people. However, the assessment of balance performance in real-time during exergaming remains a challenging task. This assessment could be used to provide instantaneous feedback and automatically adjust the exergame difficulty. Such features could potentially increase the motivation of the player, thus augmenting the effectiveness of exergames...
January 2018: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318165/orthopaedic-sports-medicine-fellowship-interviews-structure-and-organization-of-the-interview-day
#4
Brett D Haislup, Matthew J Kraeutler, Rishi Baweja, Eric C McCarty, Mary K Mulcahey
Background: Over the past few decades, there has been a trend toward an increasing subspecialization in orthopaedic surgery, with orthopaedic sports medicine being one of the most competitive subspecialties. Information regarding the application and interview process for sports medicine fellowships is currently lacking. Purpose: To survey orthopaedic sports medicine fellowship program directors (PDs) to better define the structure of the sports medicine fellowship interview and to highlight important factors that PDs consider in selecting fellows...
December 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313509/patients-families-perceptions-of-lupus-in-sub-saharan-africa
#5
J Iba Ba, M Ouédraogo, Y S Oliveira, I Nseng Nseng, A Abo Ekomie, J B Boguikouma
Lupus is an autoimmune disease affecting the connective tissue. Its clinical and biological polymorphism is often misunderstood by patients and families and can lead to treatment interruption and a decision to turn to alternative medicine. We used a questionnaire to assess the degree of knowledge of this disease of family members living with lupus patients. Of the 56 lupus patients receiving regular follow-up at our hospital, 123 members of 30 of their families (53.5%) participated. Overall, among these families, 81...
November 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313427/melatonin-therapy-for-blunt-trauma-and-strenuous-exercise-a-mechanism-involving-cytokines-nf%C3%AE%C2%BAb-akt-mafbx-and-murf-1
#6
Gerald J Maarman, Russel J Reiter
Muscle injury occurs due to trauma, strenuous exercise or sports activities; most people affected are athletes. Ineffectively treated muscle injury can negatively affect sports careers and quality of life after retirement from sports. Reports have indicated that the current therapeutic management of muscle injury, particularly anti-inflammatory drugs, are not necessarily effective. Therefore, better therapies are required. Accumulating evidence has demonstrated melatonin's potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions against muscle pathology in sarcopenia or atrophy in systemic disease...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307215/-peroral-and-transdermal-application-of-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-nsaids-for-the-treatment-of-regional-musculoskeletal-pain-syndromes
#7
László Hodinka, Géza Bálint, Erika Budai, Pál Géher, Renáta Papp, Péter Somogyi, Sándor Szántó, Edit Vereckei
In this review the available evidences regarding the most frequently applied medication (peroral and transdermal non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents) for the most frequent musculoskeletal complaints (regional pain syndromes) have been collected for the appropriate medical professionals who are most frequently faced with these conditions (general practitioners, rheumatologists, orthopedics, occupational and sports medicine experts). The special population at risk (with repeated and high energy overuse because of occupational or sport activities) and the pathology of their syndromes are identified...
December 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303400/the-sequence-of-prevention-for-musculoskeletal-injuries-among-recreational-basketballers-a-systematic-review-of-the-scientific-literature
#8
Özgür Kilic, Vivian van Os, Ellen Kemler, Maarten Barendrecht, Vincent Gouttebarge
OBJECTIVE: Currently, there is no overview of the incidence and (basketball-specific) risk factors of musculoskeletal injuries among recreational basketball players, nor any insight into the effect of preventive measures on the incidence of basketball injuries. This study aimed to gather systematically the scientific evidence on the incidence, prevalence, aetiology and preventive measures for musculoskeletal injuries among recreational basketball players. METHODS: Highly sensitive search strategies were built based on three groups of keywords (and related search terms)...
January 5, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300847/an-interdisciplinary-approach-to-sports-concussion-evaluation-and-management-the-role-of-a-neuropsychologist
#9
Summer D Ott, Christopher M Bailey, Donna K Broshek
Sports neuropsychology is a rapidly emerging field that affords neuropsychologists, the opportunity to work with a diverse group of individuals in terms of age, gender, sports, ethnicity, and language and sports has a way of bringing diverse communities together. Although working with athletes can be associated with unique challenges, neuropsychological assessment with this population and being part of an interdisciplinary sports medicine team is both exciting and rewarding and can merge a passion for sports with professional interests...
December 29, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300222/sports-medicine-and-arthroscopy-review-issue-1-editorial
#10
W Dilworth Cannon, Kenneth E DeHaven
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286534/fitness-training-for-cardiorespiratory-conditioning-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#11
REVIEW
Leanne Hassett, Anne M Moseley, Alison R Harmer
BACKGROUND: Reduced cardiorespiratory fitness (cardiorespiratory deconditioning) is a common consequence of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Fitness training may be implemented to address this impairment. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this updated review was to evaluate whether fitness training improves cardiorespiratory fitness in people who have sustained a TBI. The secondary objectives were to evaluate whether fitness training improves body function and structure (physical and cognitive impairments, psychological responses resulting from the injury), activity limitations and participation restrictions in people who have sustained a TBI as well as to evaluate its safety, acceptance, feasibility and suitability...
December 29, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282262/brain-health-and-healthy-ageing-in-retired-rugby-union-players-the-brain-study-study-protocol-for-an-observational-study-in-the-uk
#12
Valentina Gallo, Damien McElvenny, Catherine Hobbs, Donna Davoren, Huw Morris, Sebastian Crutch, Henrik Zetterberg, Nick C Fox, Simon Kemp, Matthew Cross, Nigel K Arden, Madeleine A M Davies, Andrea Malaspina, Neil Pearce
INTRODUCTION: Relatively little is known about the long-term health of former elite rugby players, or former sportspeople more generally. As well as the potential benefits of being former elite sportspersons, there may be potential health risks from exposures occurring during an individual's playing career, as well as following retirement. Each contact sport has vastly different playing dynamics, therefore exposing its players to different types of potential traumas. Current evidence suggests that these are not necessarily comparable in terms of pathophysiology, and their potential long-term adverse effects might also differ...
December 26, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282213/guidance-for-sports-injury-surveillance-the-20-year-influence-of-the-australian-sports-injury-data-dictionary
#13
Caroline F Finch, Carolyn Staines
BACKGROUND: Injury prevention requires information about how, why, where and when injuries occur. The Australian Sports Injury Data Dictionary (ASIDD) was developed to guide sports injury data collection and reporting. Sports Medicine Australia (SMA) disseminated associated data collection forms and an online tool to practitioners and the sports community. This paper assesses the long-term value, usefulness and relevance of the ASIDD and SMA tools. METHODS: A systematic search strategy identified both peer-reviewed and grey literature that used the ASIDD and/or the SMA tools, during 1997-2016...
December 27, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279359/infographic-7-tips-for-developing-and-maintaining-a-high-performance-sports-medicine-team
#14
Tim J Gabbett, Simon Kearney, Leslie J Bisson, Joe Collins, Robby Sikka, Nathan Winder, Craig Sedgwick, Ed Hollis, Jeremy M Bettle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 26, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279290/minimizing-the-effects-of-oxygen-interference-on-l-lactate-sensors-by-a-single-amino-acid-mutation-in-aerococcus-viridansl-lactate-oxidase
#15
Kentaro Hiraka, Katsuhiro Kojima, Chi-En Lin, Wakako Tsugawa, Ryutaro Asano, Jeffrey T La Belle, Koji Sode
l-lactate biosensors employing l-lactate oxidase (LOx) have been developed mainly to measure l-lactate concentration for clinical diagnostics, sports medicine, and the food industry. Some l-lactate biosensors employ artificial electron mediators, but these can negatively impact the detection of l-lactate by competing with the primary electron acceptor: molecular oxygen. In this paper, a strategic approach to engineering an AvLOx that minimizes the effects of oxygen interference on sensor strips was reported...
December 14, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276071/enhancement-of-force-patterns-classification-based-on-gaussian-distributions
#16
Thomas Ertelt, Ilja Solomonovs, Thomas Gronwald
Description of the patterns of ground reaction force is a standard method in areas such as medicine, biomechanics and robotics. The fundamental parameter is the time course of the force, which is classified visually in particular in the field of clinical diagnostics. Here, the knowledge and experience of the diagnostician is relevant for its assessment. For an objective and valid discrimination of the ground reaction force pattern, a generic method, especially in the medical field, is absolutely necessary to describe the qualities of the time-course...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274677/musculoskeletal-and-sports-medicine-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-curriculum-guidelines
#17
EDITORIAL
Jason L Zaremski, Matthew C Diamond, Andrea Aagesen, Ellen Casey, Brian Davis, Mark Ellen, Kenneth Mautner, Kelly McInnis, Jerome Nichols, Ashwin Rao, Brian Krabak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261271/managing-dislocations-of-the-hip-knee-and-ankle-in-the-emergency-department-digest
#18
Caylyne Arnold, Zane Fayos, David Bruner, Dylan Arnold, Nachi Gupta, Jeffrey Nusbaum
Dislocation of the major joints of the lower extremities--hip, knee, and ankle--can occur due to motor-vehicle crashes, falls, and sports injuries. Hip dislocations are the most common, and they require emergent management to prevent avascular necrosis of the femoral head. Knee dislocations are uncommon but potentially dangerous injuries that can result in amputation due to the potential for missed secondary injury, especially if they are reduced spontaneously. Isolated ankle dislocations are relatively rare, as most ankle dislocations involve an associated fracture...
December 20, 2017: Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261167/a-wearable-textile-2d-touchpad-sensor-based-on-screen-printing-technology
#19
Josue Ferri, Jose Vicente Lidón-Roger, Jorge Moreno, Gabriel Martinez, Eduardo Garcia-Breijo
Among many of the designs used in the detection of 2D gestures for portable technology, the touchpad is one of the most complex and with more functions to implement. Its development has undergone a great push due to its use in displays, but it is not widely used with other technologies. Its application on textiles could allow a wide range of applications in the field of medicine, sports, etc. Obtaining a flexible, robust touchpad with good response and low cost is one of the objectives of this work. A textile touchpad based on a diamond pattern design using screen printing technology has been developed...
December 20, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259813/sport-and-exercise-medicine-research-activity-in-the-arab-world-a-15-year-bibliometric-analysis
#20
Mohamad Y Fares, Jawad Fares, Hasan Baydoun, Youssef Fares
Background: The role of sports in decreasing the prevalence of many diseases has led to a growing interest in the field of sport and exercise medicine. But sport and exercise medicine still remains new to the Arab world, waiting to be explored. The aim of this study is to describe and characterise sport and exercise medicine research activity in the Arab world between 2002 and 2016. Methods: The PubMed database was used to search for publications related to sport and exercise medicine...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
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