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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919510/magnesium-mg-based-interference-screws-developed-for-promoting-tendon-graft-incorporation-in-bone-tunnel-in-rabbits
#1
Jiali Wang, Jiankun Xu, Bin Song, Dick Hokiu Chow, Patrick Shu-Hang Yung, Ling Qin
How to enhance tendon graft incorporation into bone tunnels for achieving satisfactory healing outcomes in patients with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is one of the most challenging clinical problems in orthopaedic sports medicine. Several studies have recently reported the beneficial effects of Mg implants in bone fracture healing, indicating the use potential of Mg devices in promoting the tendon graft osteointegration. Here, we developed an innovative Mg-based interference screws for fixation of the tendon graft in rabbits underwent ACLR and investigated the biological role of Mg-based implants in the graft healing...
September 14, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916931/physical-exercise-prescription-in-metabolic-chronic-disease
#2
Laura Stefani, Giorgio Galanti
Metabolic syndrome as a consequence of the association to overweight, hypertension, and diabetes is at high risk of coronary events. Regular physical training has been recently promoted to reduce cardiovascular risks factors, by the improved lifestyle and also by the "anti-inflammatory effectiveness." A positive impact has been shown in case of cancer survived patients either with or without comorbidities and especially in those subjects where the inflammatory process is globally represented. The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) guidelines and more recently a new Italian model both support the role of "exercise as therapy" at moderate level of energy expenditure...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902760/common-ice-hockey-injuries-and-treatment-a-current-concepts-review
#3
William Mosenthal, Michael Kim, Robert Holzshu, Bryan Hanypsiak, Aravind Athiviraham
Injuries are common in ice hockey, a contact sport where players skate at high speeds on a sheet of ice and shoot a vulcanized rubber puck in excess of one hundred miles per hour. This article reviews the diagnoses and treatment of concussions, injuries to the cervical spine, and lower and upper extremities as they pertain to hockey players. Soft tissue injury of the shoulder, acromioclavicular joint separation, glenohumeral joint dislocation, clavicle fractures, metacarpal fractures, and olecranon bursitis are discussed in the upper-extremity section of the article...
September 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902755/treatment-of-acute-carpal-bone-fractures
#4
Chad Hulsopple, Jesse Deluca, Christopher Jonas
Carpal bone fractures are common hand fractures that can be complicated by concomitant damage to surrounding structures, chronic comorbidities, or delays in diagnosis. This article provides an overview of wrist anatomy, an expedited review of the athlete's presenting condition, and a systematic approach to the evaluation of the wrist. Recommended treatment plans are based on a review of the literature and an evidence-based approach to imaging studies. It is imperative that sports medicine providers be aware of current literature for carpal bone fractures and collaborate with other medical subspecialties and the athlete to provide recommendations for a safe return to play...
September 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887865/plasma-rich-plasma-the-ultimate-secret-for-youthful-skin-elixir-and-hair-growth-triggering
#5
REVIEW
Ebtisam Elghblawi
The clinical application of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is based on the increase in the concentration of growth factors that are released from alpha-granule of the concentrated platelets and in the secretion of proteins which are able to capitalize on the healing process at the cellular level. It has been invented to restore the natural beauty by starting the natural rejuvenation process of the skin and aiming to make it function as a younger one and to keep the skin youthful and maintain it. Besides that, it is also emerged to include hairs as a new injectable procedure to enable stimulating hair growth locally and topically; preventing its fall; improving hair shaft, hair stem, and its caliber; increasing its shine, vitality, and pliability; and declining hair splitting and breakage...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885239/opioid-use-in-children-and-adolescents-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-repair
#6
Nicole Taylor, Shannon Frick, Samantha Killilea, Teri Dugan-Frost, Jean Solodiuk
Opioid overdose is a leading cause of death from unintentional injury in the United States. When more opioids are prescribed than needed, leftover opioids may be misused if not properly disposed. The purpose of this study is to describe the opioid use of subjects (aged 13-21 years) after an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) repair. After obtaining IRB approval, we obtained consent from 100 subjects (over an 8-month period) undergoing ACL reconstructions performed by five sports medicine surgeons. The mean age of enrolled subjects was 16 years, most were female (60%) and white (72%)...
September 1, 2017: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879571/risk-factors-for-non-contact-injury-in-adolescent-cricket-pace-bowlers-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Mitchell R L Forrest, Jeffrey J Hebert, Brendan R Scott, Stefano Brini, Alasdair R Dempsey
BACKGROUND: Adolescent cricket pace bowlers are prone to injury. Recognising the risk factors for non-contact injury in this population will aid future injury prevention strategies. OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors for non-contact injury in adolescent cricket pace bowlers. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, PEDro, SPORTDiscus, Embase, and the South African Journal of Sports Medicine to identify all experimental and observational studies reporting risk factors for non-contact injuries in pace bowlers (aged 12-19 years)...
September 6, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872439/do-exercisers-with-musculoskeletal-injuries-report-symptoms-of-depression-and-stress
#8
Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Claire Gudex, Kjeld Andersen, Anders Bo Bojesen, Uffe Jørgensen
CONTEXT: Sports injuries in athletes can lead to negative emotional responses in terms of anger, anxiety, confusion, and sadness. Severe injuries can be understood as a stressful life event with increased levels of psychological distress, but injury assessment and rehabilitation typically focuses on somatic symptoms. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of depression and emotional stress, and measure self-rated health in regular exercisers presenting to a sports medicine clinic with musculoskeletal injury...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866600/a-review-in-detection-and-monitoring-gait-disorders-using-in-shoe-plantar-measurement-systems
#9
Julian A Ramirez-Bautista, Jorge A Huerta-Ruelas, Silvia L Chaparro-Cardenas, Antonio Hernandez-Zavala
Gait is an important part of our daily life as people do many activities in this dynamic position. Special footwear is fundamental to obtain an ergonomic gait and to extract data for analysis. The plantar foot pressure can be employed to detect many kinds of disorders, suggest improvements in treatments, rehabilitation tasks, patient monitoring, development of orthopedic devices and other applications. In the last years, attention in this topic is growing reflected in many works issued in both commercial and academic groups, focused on the development of devices for foot plantar pressure measurement with applications in medicine, sports, and research...
August 30, 2017: IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857391/estimated-peak-functional-capacity-an-accurate-method-for-assessing-change-in-peak-oxygen-consumption-after-cardiac-rehabilitation
#10
S Nichols, D O Gleadall-Siddall, R Antony, A L Clark, J G F Cleland, S Carroll, L Ingle
OBJECTIVE: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is the 'gold standard' method of determining VO2peak . When CPET is unavailable, VO2peak may be estimated from treadmill or cycle ergometer workloads and expressed as estimated metabolic equivalents (METs). Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programmes use estimated VO2peak (METs) to report changes in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). However, the accuracy of determining changes in VO2peak based on estimated functional capacity is not known. METHODS: A total of 27 patients with coronary heart disease (88·9% male; age 59·5 ± 10·0 years, body mass index 29·6 ± 3·8 kg m(-2) ) performed maximal CPET before and after an exercise-based CR intervention...
August 30, 2017: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856170/factors-influencing-patient-selection-of-an-orthopaedic-sports-medicine-physician
#11
Blaine T Manning, Daniel D Bohl, Bryan M Saltzman, Eric J Cotter, Kevin C Wang, Chad T Epley, Nikhil N Verma, Brian J Cole, Bernard R Bach
BACKGROUND: The rise in consumer-centric health insurance plans has increased the importance of the patient in choosing a provider. There is a paucity of studies that examine how patients select an orthopaedic sports medicine physician. PURPOSE: To evaluate factors that patients consider when choosing an orthopaedic sports medicine physician. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: A total of 1077 patients who sought treatment by 3 sports medicine physicians were administered an anonymous questionnaire...
August 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855787/the-symptomatic-and-functional-effects-of-manual-physical-therapy-on-plantar-heel-pain-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
John J Mischke, Dhinu J Jayaseelan, Josiah D Sault, Alicia J Emerson Kavchak
OBJECTIVES: Plantar heel pain is common and can be severely disabling. Unfortunately, a gap in the literature exists regarding the optimal intervention for this painful condition. Consequently, a systematic review of the current literature regarding manual therapy for the treatment of plantar heel pain was performed. METHODS: A computer-assisted literature search for randomized controlled trials in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, CINAHL, and Rehabilitation & Sports Medicine Source, was concluded on 7 January 2014...
February 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855186/sports-medicine-highlights-from-other-journals
#13
Ronan Kearney, Christina Le, Eoin Cunniffe, Josh Heerey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 30, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855185/sports-medicine-highlights-from-other-journals
#14
Ronan Kearney, Josh Heerey, Christina Le, Eoin Cunniffe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 30, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852338/evaluating-different-clinical-diagnosis-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-ruptures-in-providers-with-different-training-backgrounds
#15
Alexander Cm Chong, Chelsea Whitetree, Michael C Priddy, Parker R Zimmerman, Paul R Haeder, Daniel J Prohaska
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have shown that provider training and the tests performed play a role in the accuracy of diagnosis of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. The specific aim of the current study is to determine the examiner proficiency and accuracy in performing the different proactive tests of ACL rupture before and after the induction of anesthesia prior to a definitive surgical procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case series was performed from January of 2015 through July of 2015...
2017: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842097/sports-medicine-and-the-foot-and-ankle-surgeon
#16
EDITORIAL
D Scot Malay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841573/pediatric-providers-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-concussion-diagnosis-and-management
#17
Khalida Itriyeva, Ronald Feinstein, Linda Carmine
Background Concussions, a form of mild traumatic brain injury, are a current "hot topic" in sports and medicine, with current research focusing on diagnosis, treatment, and the long-term effects of repeated concussions on development of chronic traumatic encephalopathy. Concussions represent 8.9% of all high school athletic injuries, and pediatricians see many of these patients in their practices, however evolving guidelines and recommendations have resulted in varying practices among providers. Objective To assess how local pediatricians in New York Chapter 2 of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) diagnose and treat concussion patients, and to evaluate the need for continuing education in this area...
August 25, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840153/lower-quarter-y-balance-test-scores-and-lower-extremity-injury-in-ncaa-division-i-athletes
#18
Wilson C Lai, Dean Wang, James B Chen, Jeremy Vail, Caitlin M Rugg, Sharon L Hame
BACKGROUND: Functional movement tests that are predictive of injury risk in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletes are useful tools for sports medicine professionals. The Lower Quarter Y-Balance Test (YBT-LQ) measures single-leg balance and reach distances in 3 directions. PURPOSE: To assess whether the YBT-LQ predicts the laterality and risk of sports-related lower extremity (LE) injury in NCAA athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3...
August 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840149/bony-morphology-of-femoroacetabular-impingement-in-young-female-dancers-and-single-sport-athletes
#19
Joana L Fraser, Dai Sugimoto, Yi-Men Beng, Pierre D'Hemecourt, Andrea Stracciolini
BACKGROUND: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is a painful and limiting condition of the hip that is often seen in young athletes. Previous studies have reported a higher prevalence of this disorder in male athletes, but data on the structural morphology of adolescent and young adult female athletes, specifically those involved in dance, are lacking. PURPOSE: (1) To investigate the radiographic morphology of FAI deformities in adolescent and young adult female single-sport dance and nondance athletes and (2) to examine the differences in the radiographic findings between these 2 groups...
August 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832256/3d-tendon-strain-estimation-using-high-frequency-volumetric-ultrasound-images-a-feasibility-study
#20
Catarina Carvalho, Pieter Slagmolen, Stijn Bogaerts, Lennart Scheys, Jan D'hooge, Koen Peers, Frederik Maes, Paul Suetens
Estimation of strain in tendons for tendinopathy assessment is a hot topic within the sports medicine community. It is believed that, if accurately estimated, existing treatment and rehabilitation protocols can be improved and presymptomatic abnormalities can be detected earlier. State-of-the-art studies present inaccurate and highly variable strain estimates, leaving this problem without solution. Out-of-plane motion, present when acquiring two-dimensional (2D) ultrasound (US) images, is a known problem and may be responsible for such errors...
August 1, 2017: Ultrasonic Imaging
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