keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

gastrointestinal blending

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761603/a-sticky-mucin-inspired-dna-polysaccharide-binder-for-silicon-and-silicon-graphite-blended-anodes-in-lithium-ion-batteries
#1
Sunjin Kim, You Kyeong Jeong, Younseon Wang, Haeshin Lee, Jang Wook Choi
New binder concepts have lately demonstrated improvements in the cycle life of high-capacity silicon anodes. Those binder designs adopt adhesive functional groups to enhance affinity with silicon particles and 3D network conformation to secure electrode integrity. However, homogeneous distribution of silicon particles in the presence of a substantial volumetric content of carbonaceous components (i.e., conductive agent, graphite, etc.) is still difficult to achieve while the binder maintains its desired 3D network...
May 14, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730471/probiotic-supplementation-affects-the-glycan-composition-of-mucins-secreted-by-brunner-s-glands-of-the-pig-duodenum
#2
Gianluca Accogli, Alberto Maria Crovace, Maria Mastrodonato, Giacomo Rossi, Edda G Francioso, Salvatore Desantis
The effect of a dietary probiotic blend on the carbohydrate composition of mucins secreted by the Brunner's glands in the duodenum of growing-finishing pigs was investigated by means of conventional (periodic acid-Schiff, Alcian Blue pH 2.5, high iron diamine staining) and lectin (15 lectins) histochemistry. Pigs were assigned to two dietary treatments: a control basal diet without the probiotic blend (No-Pro) and a test diet that included the probiotic blend (Pro). Duodenal tissue fragments were fixed in 4% phosphate-buffered-saline-buffered paraformaldehyde, dehydrated through a graded alcohol series, and embedded in paraffin wax...
May 3, 2018: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604071/novel-amoxicillin-nanoparticles-formulated-as-sustained-release-delivery-system-for-poultry-use
#3
E Güncüm, T Bakırel, C Anlaş, H Ekici, N Işıklan
Amoxicillin is used in the treatment and prevention of a wide range of diseases in poultry breeding. However, its short half-life and low bioavailability restrict its clinical application in these species. Entrapment of drugs into polymeric nanoparticles (nps) presents a means to improve gastrointestinal absorption and oral bioavailability of drugs. This study was aimed to overcome limitation of amoxicillin use in poultry breeding. Amoxicillin was loaded into sodium alginate-polyvinyl alcohol (NaAlg-PVA) blend nps, and characterization of the prepared nps was performed...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554961/a-poly-herbal-blend-herbagut%C3%A2-on-adults-presenting-with-gastrointestinal-complaints-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#4
Adrian L Lopresti, Hemant Gupta, Stephen J Smith
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of a poly-herbal formulation, Herbagut, for the treatment of gastrointestinal symptoms and its effect on quality of life parameters in patients presenting with self-reported, unsatisfactory bowel habits. METHODS: This was a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Fifty adults with self-reported unsatisfactory bowel habits, primarily characterised by chronic constipation were randomly allocated to take Herbagut or a matching placebo for 28 days...
March 20, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517330/developing-advanced-clinical-practice-skills-in-gastrointestinal-consequences-of-cancer-treatment
#5
Caroline Gee, Jervoise Andreyev, Ann Muls
This article explores the transition from a clinical nurse specialist (CNS) towards developing advanced clinical practice skills within a gastrointestinal consequences of cancer clinic. It presents data on the first 50 patients assessed by the CNS from a prospective service evaluation, demonstrating how this informed the nurse's future learning. There is high demand for advanced clinical practice skills to address unmet health needs and improve the quality, efficiency, and sustainability of healthcare services...
March 8, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487856/effect-of-feeding-bacillus-subtilis-spores-to-broilers-challenged-with-salmonella-enterica-serovar-heidelberg-brazilian-strain-ufpr1-on-performance-immune-response-and-gut-health
#6
Ricardo Mitsuo Hayashi, Mariana Camargo Lourenço, Antônio Leonardo Kraieski, Raquel Bighetti Araujo, Ricardo Gonzalez-Esquerra, Eduardo Leonardecz, Anderson Ferreira da Cunha, Marcelo Falsarella Carazzolle, Paulo Sérgio Monzani, Elizabeth Santin
Salmonellosis is a poultry industry and public health concern worldwide. Recently, Salmonella enterica serovar Heidelberg (SH) has been reported in broilers in Brazil. The effect of feeding a blend of three strains of Bacillus subtilis (PRO) was studied in broilers orally challenged (107 CFU/chick) or not with a SH isolated in south of Brazil (UFPR1 strain). Twelve male Cobb 500 broilers per pen were randomly assigned to six treatments in a 3 × 2 factorial experiment where PRO was added at 0, 250, or 500 g/ton of broiler feed and fed to either SH-challenged (SH Control, SH + PRO 250, and SH + PRO 500) or non-challenged birds (Control, PRO 250, and PRO 500)...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452142/in-vitro-in-vivo-evaluation-of-an-oral-ghost-drug-delivery-device-for-the-delivery-of-salmon-calcitonin
#7
Angus R Hibbins, Mershen Govender, Sunaina Indermun, Pradeep Kumar, Lisa C du Toit, Yahya E Choonara, Viness Pillay
An orally administered site-specific Oral Ghost Drug Delivery (OGDD) device was developed and evaluated for the administration of salmon calcitonin. In vitro drug release studies have been undertaken using biorelevant media and aspirated gastrointestinal fluid from a large white pig in addition to characterization of a formulated trimethyl chitosan blend formulated and prepared into a loaded mini-pellet system. In vivo drug release analysis in a large white pig model has further been undertaken on the OGDD device and a commercial intramuscular injection to ascertain the release properties of the OGDD device in an animal model in comparison with the currently used treatment option for the administration of salmon calcitonin...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350021/bodybuilding-protein-supplements-and-cow-s-milk-allergy-in-adult
#8
M J C S Sousa, A L Reis Ferreira, J P Moreira da Silva
We report a case of a previously healthy 24-year-old man with a 3-month history of gastrointestinal symptoms during exercise and also few minutes after the ingestion of cow's milk (CM) without exercise. He reported the ingestion of a blend of hydrolyzed whey and casein proteins for bodybuilding for the last 2 years. The in vivo tests showed positivity to CM, α-lactalbumin, β-lactoglobulin and casein extracts, and also to the protein supplement. The serum specific IgE was positive for CM, β-lactoglobulin and α-lactalbumin...
January 2018: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236034/gastric-emptying-and-gastrointestinal-transit-compared-among-native-and-hydrolyzed-whey-and-casein-milk-proteins-in-an-aged-rat-model
#9
Julie E Dalziel, Wayne Young, Catherine M McKenzie, Neill W Haggarty, Nicole C Roy
Little is known about how milk proteins affect gastrointestinal (GI) transit, particularly for the elderly, in whom digestion has been observed to be slowed. We tested the hypothesis that GI transit is faster for whey than for casein and that this effect is accentuated with hydrolysates, similar to soy. Adult male rats (18 months old) were fed native whey or casein, hydrolyzed whey (WPH) or casein (CPH), hydrolyzed blend (HB; 60% whey:40% casein), or hydrolyzed soy for 14 days then treated with loperamide, prucalopride, or vehicle-control for 7 days...
December 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232851/a-novel-prebiotic-blend-product-prevents-irritable-bowel-syndrome-in-mice-by-improving-gut-microbiota-and-modulating-immune-response
#10
Qian Chen, Yiping Ren, Jihong Lu, Mark Bartlett, Lei Chen, Yan Zhang, Xiaokui Guo, Chang Liu
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is the most common functional gastrointestinal disorder yet it still lacks effective prevention therapies. The aim of this study is to determine whether a novel prebiotic blend (PB) composed of fructo-oligosaccharide (FOS), galactooligosaccharide (GOS), inulin and anthocyanins could be effective in preventing the development of IBS. We explored the possible mechanisms both in animal and in cells. Post-infectious IBS models in C57BL/6 mice were established and were pretreated with the PB, PB and probiotic strains 8 weeks in advance of infection...
December 9, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077888/effects-of-direct-fed-microorganisms-and-enzyme-blend-co-administration-on-intestinal-bacteria-in-broilers-fed-diets-with-or-without-antibiotics
#11
T E Askelson, C A Flores, S L Dunn-Horrocks, Y Dersjant-Li, K Gibbs, A Awati, J T Lee, T Duong
Direct-fed microorganisms (DFM) and exogenous enzymes have been demonstrated to improve growth performance in poultry and are potentially important alternatives to antibiotic growth promoters (AGP). We investigated the administration of a feed additive composed of a DFM product containing spores of 3 Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strains and an enzyme blend of endo-xylanase, α-amylase, and serine-protease in diets with or without sub-therapeutic antibiotics in broiler chickens over a 42-d growth period. Evaluation of growth performance determined feed efficiency of broiler chickens which were administered the feed additive was comparable to those fed a diet containing AGPs...
January 1, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072162/impact-of-homogenization-of-pasteurized-human-milk-on-gastric-digestion-in-the-preterm-infant-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Samira C de Oliveira, Amandine Bellanger, Olivia Ménard, Patrick Pladys, Yann Le Gouar, Gwénaële Henry, Emelyne Dirson, Florence Rousseau, Frédéric Carrière, Didier Dupont, Claire Bourlieu, Amélie Deglaire
BACKGROUND & AIMS: It has been suggested that homogenization of Holder-pasteurized human milk (PHM) could improve fat absorption and weight gain in preterm infants, but the impact on the PHM digestive kinetics has never been studied. Our objective was to determine the impact of PHM homogenization on gastric digestion in preterm infants. METHODS: In a randomized controlled trial, eight hospitalized tube-fed preterm infants were their own control to compare the gastric digestion of PHM and of homogenized PHM (PHHM)...
August 2017: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969447/beneficial-effects-of-a-probiotic-blend-on-gastrointestinal-side-effects-induced-by-leflunomide-and-amlodipine-in-a-rat-model
#13
S-C Song, Y-M An, J-H Shin, M-J Chung, J-G Seo, E Kim
Patients with metabolic disorders frequently suffer from side effects induced by long-term oral medications. The present study using a rat model system indicated that leflunomide (LF) and amlodipine (AMD), the active ingredients contained in the medications for rheumatoid arthritis and hypertension, respectively, appeared to induce various bowel problems including constipation and inflammation. In the small and large intestine, LF increased the expression of tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-6 compared to the null control and AMD increased the expression of both TNF-α and IL-1β, although its effect on IL-6 was only increased in the large intestine...
October 3, 2017: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821042/chemical-and-biological-properties-of-the-novel-exopolysaccharide-produced-by-a-probiotic-strain-of-bifidobacterium-longum
#14
Rosanna Inturri, Antonio Molinaro, Flaviana Di Lorenzo, Giovanna Blandino, Barbara Tomasello, Claudio Hidalgo-Cantabrana, Cristina De Castro, Patricia Ruas-Madiedo
Bifidobacterium longum W11 is a commercialized probiotic that has an exopolysaccharide (EPS) layer covering its surface which could play a role in the beneficial properties attributed to the strain; thus, we have carried out chemical and biological analyses of this polymer. The eps cluster putatively involved in the polymer synthesis presented a unique structural organization not previously reported in bifidobacteria. B. longum W11 produced a complex polysaccharide blend with the main component composed of glucose and galactose...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771735/polyphenol-content-in-vitro-bioaccessibility-and-antioxidant-capacity-of-widely-consumed-beverages
#15
Gema Baeza, Beatriz Sarriá, Laura Bravo, Raquel Mateos
BACKGROUND: Beverages prepared from antioxidant-rich plants are sources of polyphenols, the bioactivity of which depends on bioaccessibility in the gastrointestinal tract. This work evaluated the polyphenol content and antioxidant capacity of widely consumed beverages such as chamomile tea, yerba mate, a coffee blend (65% roasted: 35% green), and coffee-like substitutes such as chicory, malt and a soluble cereal mixture. Additionally, the bioaccessibility of the two beverages with the highest antioxidant capacity was evaluated using an in vitro digestion model...
March 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572941/effect-of-psyllium-and-gum-arabic-biopolymers-on-the-survival-rate-and-storage-stability-in-yogurt-of-enterococcus%C3%A2-duransiw3-encapsulated-in-alginate
#16
Yousef Nami, Babak Haghshenas, Ahmad Yari Khosroushahi
Different herbal biopolymers were used to encapsulate Enterococcus durans IW3 to enhance its storage stability in yogurt and subsequently its endurance in gastrointestinal condition. Nine formulations of encapsulation were performed using alginate (ALG), ALG-psyllium (PSY), and ALG-gum Arabic (GA) blends. The encapsulation efficiency of all formulations, tolerance of encapsulated E. durans IW3 against low pH/high bile salt concentration, storage lifetime, and release profile of cells in natural condition of yogurt were evaluated...
May 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550604/microencapsulation-of-%C3%AE-carotene-based-on-casein-guar-gum-blend-using-zeta-potential-yield-stress-phenomenon-an-approach-to-enhance-photo-stability-and-retention-of-functionality
#17
Deepika Thakur, Ashay Jain, Gargi Ghoshal, U S Shivhare, O P Katare
β-Carotene, abundant majorly in carrot, pink guava yams, spinach, kale, sweet potato, and palm oil, is an important nutrient for human health due to its scavenging action upon reactive free radicals wherever produced in the body. Inclusion of liposoluble β-carotene in foods and food ingredients is a challenging aspect due to its labile nature and low absorption from natural sources. This fact has led to the application of encapsulation of β-carotene to improve stability and bioavailability. The present work was aimed to fabricate microcapsules (MCs) of β-carotene oily dispersion using the complex coacervation technique with casein (CA) and guar gum (GG) blend...
May 26, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506328/the-effect-of-dietary-faba-bean-and-non-starch-polysaccharide-degrading-enzymes-on-the-growth-performance-and-gut-physiology-of-young-turkeys
#18
D Mikulski, J Juskiewicz, B Przybylska-Gornowicz, E Sosnowska, B A Slominski, J Jankowski, Z Zdunczyk
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of dietary replacement of soya bean meal (SBM) with faba bean (FB) and a blend of non-starch polysaccharide (NSP) degrading enzymes on the gastrointestinal function, growth performance and welfare of young turkeys (1 to 56 days of age). An experiment with a 2×2 factorial design was performed to compare the efficacy of four diets: a SBM-based diet and a diet containing FB, with and without enzyme supplementation (C, FB, CE and FBE, respectively). In comparison with groups C, higher dry matter content and lower viscosity of the small intestinal digesta were noted in groups FB...
December 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504991/tablet-e-logbooks-four-thousand-clinical-cases-and-complications-e-logged-by-14-nondoctor-anesthesia-providers-in-nepal
#19
Shristi Shah, Oliver Ross, Stephen Pickering, Stephen Knoble, Indra Rai
BACKGROUND: To meet the need for essential surgery across rural Nepal, anesthesia at district level is delivered by nondoctor anesthetists. They require support to maintain confidence and competence, and upgraded professional registration to secure their status. To meet these needs, a distance-blended learning course was pioneered and delivered. A core course requirement was to log all clinical cases; these were logged on a new e-logbook. METHODS: Fourteen nondoctor anesthesia providers working in 12 different districts across Nepal were enrolled in the 1-year course...
October 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462499/incorporation-of-lipolysis-in-monolayer-permeability-studies-of-lipid-based-oral-drug-delivery-systems
#20
Tanmoy Sadhukha, Buddhadev Layek, Swayam Prabha
Lipid-based drug delivery systems, a well-tolerated class of formulations, have been evaluated extensively to enhance the bioavailability of poorly soluble drugs. However, it has been difficult to predict the in vivo performance of lipid dosage forms based on conventional in vitro techniques such as cell monolayer permeability studies because of the complexity of the gastrointestinal processing of lipid formulations. In the current study, we explored the feasibility of coupling Caco-2 and Madin-Darby canine kidney monolayer permeability studies with lipolysis, a promising in vitro technique to evaluate lipid systems...
April 2018: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
keyword
keyword
119633
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"