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Anselm K Gitt, Dominik Lautsch, Jean Ferrieres, John Kastelein, Heinz Drexel, Martin Horack, Philippe Brudi, Brecht Vanneste, Peter Bramlage, Francois Chazelle, Vasilisa Sazonov, Baishali Ambegaonkar
Data presented here refer to 57,885 patients on lipid-lowering statin therapy from the Dyslipidaemia International Study (DYSIS) registry. Subjects were divided into 3 discrete subsets: those at very high-risk, high-risk, and non-high-risk for cardiovascular events, with assigned low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) targets of 70 mg/dl, 100 mg/dl and 115 mg/dl, respectively. Overall, the highest proportion of patients meeting their LDL-C target was seen in the UAE and Kuwait (49.5%), while the lowest was seen in Germany (14...
December 2016: Data in Brief
Raffaella Boggia, Federica Turrini, Carla Villa, Chiara Lacapra, Paola Zunin, Brunella Parodi
The aim of this study was to investigate the potential of retrieving polyphenolic antioxidants directly from wet pomegranate marcs: the fresh by-products obtained after pomegranate juice processing. These by-products mainly consist of internal membranes (endocarp) and aril residues. Even if they are still edible, they are usually discharged during juice production and, thus, they represent a great challenge in an eco-sustainable industrial context. Green technologies, such as ultrasound assisted extraction (UAE) and microwave assisted extraction (MAE), have been employed to convert these organic residues into recycled products with high added value...
October 18, 2016: Pharmaceuticals
Shaikha Y Al-Abadi, Abdullah M Al-Sadi, Matthew Dickinson, Mohammed S Al-Hammadi, Rashid Al-Shariqi, Rashid A Al-Yahyai, Elham A Kazerooni, Assunta Bertaccini
Witches' broom disease of lime (WBDL) is a serious phytoplasma disease of acid lime in Oman, the UAE and Iran. Despite efforts to study it, no systemic study attempted to characterize the relationship among the associated phytoplasma, 'Candidatus Phytoplasma aurantifolia', from the three countries. This study utilized sequences of the 16S rRNA, imp and secA genes to characterize 57 strains collected from Oman (38), the UAE (9) and Iran (10). Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene showed that the 57 strains shared 98...
2016: SpringerPlus
Afzalhussein Yusufali, Rasha Khatib, Shofiqul Islam, Khalid AlHabib, Roya Kelishadi, Sumathy Rangarajan, Salim Yusuf
OBJECTIVE: Data on hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment and control are sparse in the Middle East especially in the different socio-demographic characteristics (age, sex, community location, education) and comorbid status like diabetes and cardiovascular disease. We report the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension across four Middle Eastern countries (Iran, Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT), Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates (UAE)), using a standardized and uniform method...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Naoki Nakagawa, Keisuke Maruyama, Motoki Matsuki, Nobuyuki Sato, Kenjiro Kikuchi, Naoyuki Hasebe
OBJECTIVE: Uric acid is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. We investigated the relationship between the change of urinary albumin excretion (UAE) and the changes of serum uric acid (SUA) during antihypertensive treatment in hypertensive patients with microalbuminuria as a subanalysis of the results of the NICE Combi (Nifedipine and Candesartan Combination) Study. DESIGN AND METHOD: A total of 86 subjects with essential hypertension with microalbuminuria (UAE < 300 mg•g-1 creatinine) were randomly assigned in a double-blind manner to a combination therapy group (standard-dose candesartan at 8 mg/day plus controlled-release (CR) nifedipine 20 mg/day) (n = 42) or an up-titrated monotherapy group (candesartan 12 mg/day) (n = 44) for 8 weeks of continuous treatment after initially receiving standard-dose candesartan (8 mg/day) monotherapy for 8 weeks (initial treatment)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Mirai Mourad Sadek, Asim Ahmed Elnour, Naama M S Al Kalbani, Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula, Mohamed A Baraka, Alaa Mohammed Abdul Aziz, Abdulla Shehab
Background: The pharmaceutical care and 'extended' roles are still not practiced optimally by community pharmacists. Several studies have discussed the practice of community pharmacy in the UAE and have shown that most community pharmacists only counsel patients. However, UAE, has taken initiatives to allow and prepare community pharmacists to practice 'extended' roles. Aim of the review: The aim was to review the current roles of community pharmacists in Abu Dhabi Emirate, United Arab Emirates (UAE). Objective: The objective was to encourage community pharmacists toward extending their practice roles...
September 2016: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
Aun Raza, Feng Li, Xiuquan Xu, Jian Tang
Response surface methodology (RSM) was used to optimize experimental conditions for ultrasonic-assisted extraction (UAE) of antioxidant crude polysaccharides (CPS) from Trapa quadrispinosa stems. Antioxidant capacity of polysaccharides was determined by Ferric-Reducing Antioxidant Capacity (FRAC) assay with the method of 1, 10-phenanthroline. The maximum yield of polysaccharides (2.78±0.16%) was obtained under optimal extraction conditions of extraction time, 41min; ratio of water to material, 31.5mL/g; and extraction temperature, 58°C...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Amma Amponsah, Balunkeswar Nayak
The extraction of soy proteins for soy allergen detections is conventionally achieved with PBS buffer for at least 2 h at room temperature or 4 °C. This method has been reported to be inefficient due to time consumption and inadequate protein extraction resulting in false negative allergen detection and mislabeling of foods containing allergenic proteins. This study investigated the application of microwave (MAE) and ultrasound assisted extraction (UAE) techniques to extract and improve recovery of allergens from various soy matrices...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Food Science
Paula Berton, Sabrina B Mammana, Daniela A Locatelli, Nerina B Lana, María B Hapon, Alejandra B Camargo, Jorgelina C Altamirano
Ultrasound assisted extraction (UAE), cloud point extraction (CPE) and ultrasound back-extraction (UABE) techniques have been coupled for lixiviation, preconcentration and cleanup of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) from milk samples for determination by gas chromatography-electron capture detection (GC-ECD). Physicochemical parameters that affect the efficiency of the extraction system were investigated using a design of experiments based on multivariate statistical tools, and considering the sample matrix along the development...
October 14, 2016: Electrophoresis
Yan-Yang Xu, Yang Qiu, Hui Ren, Dong-Hu Ju, Hong-Lei Jia
Aronia melanocarpa berries are abundant in polyphenolic compounds. After juice production, the pomace of pressed berries still contains a substantial amount of polyphenolic compounds. For efficient utilization of Aronia melanocarpa berries and the enhancement of polyphenolic compounds yields in Aronia melanocarpa pomace (AMP), total phenolics (TP) and total flavonoids (TF) from AMP were extracted, using ultrasound-assisted aqueous two-phase system (UAE-ATPS) extraction method. Firstly, the influences of ammonium sulfate concentration, ethanol-water ratio, ultrasonic time and ultrasonic power on TP and TF yields were investigated...
October 13, 2016: Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology
Amar Salam, Kadhim Sulaiman, Ibrahim Al-Zakwani, Alawi Alsheikh-Ali, Mohammed Aljaraallah, Husam Al Faleh, Abdelfatah Elasfar, Prasanth Panduranga, Rajvir Singh, Charbel Abi Khalil, Jassim Al Suwaidi
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to report prevalence, clinical characteristics, precipitating factors, management and outcome of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) among patients hospitalized with heart failure (HF) in seven Middle Eastern countries and compare them to non-CAD patients. METHODS: Data were derived from Gulf CARE (Gulf aCute heArt failuRe rEgistry), a prospective multicenter study of 5005 consecutive patients hospitalized with acute HF during February-November 2012 in 7 Middle Eastern countries...
October 13, 2016: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
Nawal Al Shehhi, Faisal Aziz, Farida Al Hosani, Bashir Aden, Iain Blair
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, human brucellosis remains an important and widespread infection. In the past, there were limited data on the occurrence of human brucellosis in the United Arab Emirates and the reported incidence appeared to be low compared with similar areas. In 2009, a new web-based infectious disease surveillance system was introduced in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi. This paper reports data from this new system on human brucellosis for the 6 years 2010 to 2015. METHODS: A dataset was extracted for each case of human brucellosis reported to the notification system for the 6 year period January 2010 to December 2015...
October 12, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Dong-Ping Xu, Jie Zheng, Yue Zhou, Ya Li, Sha Li, Hua-Bin Li
The Thelephora ganbajun mushroom has been found to be a potential rich source of natural antioxidants. In this study, an ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) technique together with GRAS (generally recognized as safe) solvents (ethanol and water) was used to maximize the extraction of antioxidants from Thelephora ganbajun. Five extraction parameters (ethanol concentration, solvent to solid ratio, extraction time, temperature and ultrasound power) were investigated by single-factor experiments, and then a central composite rotatable design was employed to study interaction of three key extraction parameters...
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Burak Karadag, Onur Erol, Ozgur Ozdemir, Aysel Uysal, Ahmet Sukru Alparslan, Cemil Gurses, Mert Koroglu
Uterine arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is defined as abnormal and nonfunctional connections between the uterine arteries and veins. Although the patients typically present with vaginal bleeding, some patients may experience life-threatening massive bleeding in some circumstances. The treatment of choice depends on the symptoms, age, desire for future fertility, and localization and size of the lesion; however, embolization of the uterine artery is the first choice in symptomatic AVM in patients at reproductive age with expectations of future fertility...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Nabeel Al-Yateem, Charles Docherty, Maria Brenner, Jameela Alhosany, Hanan Altawil, Muna Al-Tamimi
School nurses are challenged with more children having complex conditions, who are now surviving into school age. This is paralleled by a shift in focus of health systems toward primary care, and national efforts to develop the health-care services, especially those offered to vulnerable populations. Being at the forefront of this change, school nurses in United Arab Emirates (UAE) are finding themselves under pressure to adapt to and facilitate these changes both by improving their practice and by contributing to its underpinning evidence...
October 2, 2016: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
Chang-Woon Kim, Haeng Seon Shim, Hong Jang, Yun Gyu Song
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of UAE for symptomatic uterine fibroids on ovarian reserve based on AMH. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective study conducted between March 2011 and October 2014. All women underwent UAE. At baseline and at the 3-month and 12-month follow-up visits, serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and estradiol (E2) levels were assessed, and ovarian volume and antral follicle count (AFC) were evaluated in each patient...
September 23, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Afrozul Haq, Sunil J Wimalawansa, Pawel Pludowski, Fatme Al Anouti
In the UAE and the Gulf region in general, there are several intricate public health issues in the context of vitamin D deficiency that needs to be addressed. Changes in lifestyle such as diet, lack of exercise, cultural habits, avoiding sun exposure due to excessive heat, and other risk factors predispose those who live in GULF countries, such as Emiratis likely to becoming vitamin D deficient. Consequently, the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency is high, and new guidelines are needed to overcome this major public health issue...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Eleni Kollia, Panagiota Markaki, Panagiotis Zoumpoulakis, Charalampos Proestos
Extracts of different parts (heads, bracts and stems) of Cynara cardunculus L. (cardoon) and Cynara scolymus L. (globe artichoke), obtained by two different extraction techniques (Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction (UAE) and classical extraction (CE)) were examined and compared for their total phenolic content (TPC) and their antioxidant activity. Moreover, infusions of the plant's parts were also analysed and compared to aforementioned samples. Results showed that cardoon's heads extract (obtained by Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction) displayed the highest TPC values (1...
August 11, 2016: Natural Product Research
Rubina Rahman, Alexander Solodov
The purpose of this study is to contribute to a wider effort of establishing an environmental radiation baseline for the United Arab Emirates (UAE) before the startup of the country's first nuclear reactor in 2017. An investigation of gamma-emitting radionuclide concentrations in palm dates grown in the UAE was performed. Palm date samples of 10 varieties originating from several local commercial date palm farms of the UAE were collected and analyzed. The study targeted the naturally occurring radionuclides, such as U, Th, and K, in addition to any potential anthropogenic radionuclides, such as Cs and others...
November 2016: Health Physics
I E Porotikova, L V Adamyan, T Y Gavrilova, E A Kulabukhova
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
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