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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147816/development-of-pseudoaneurysm-in-cesarean-section-scar-pregnancy-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Shunki Kiyokawa, Tatsuyuki Chiyoda, Kazunori Ueno, Keiko Saotome, Seon-Hye Kim, Sakura Nakada
Cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) is a rare type of ectopic pregnancy. It is becoming more common, but it can lead to uterine rupture and severe hemorrhage. Here, we report a case of a 37-year-old woman with CSP complicated with pseudoaneurysm. The pseudoaneurysm emerged following focal injection of methotrexate (MTX) and potassium chloride with systemic MTX treatment. Due to a risk of sudden bleeding, uterine artery embolization (UAE) was recommended, but the patient hoped to avoid this if possible. Because the serum human chorionic gonadotropin level and the gestational sac were still persistent, dilation and curettage were performed with interventional radiologists on standby...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147582/assessment-of-weight-management-practices-among-adults-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#2
Amita Attlee, Nour Atmani, Viktor Stromtsov, Fatima Ali, Rim Tikarly, Sarah Ryad, Ghada Salah, Hayder Hasan, Reyad Obaid
With a rise in global incidence of overweight and obesity, the number of patients seeking weight management (WM) advice is likely to increase. Our aim was to explore the prevalence of WM practices and investigate association of WM goals with sociodemographic variables and practices among United Arab Emirates (UAE) adults. An exploratory, cross-sectional research was conducted on 1275 adult males and females, residing in UAE. A structured questionnaire was administered. WM goals to lose/maintain/gain weight were reported in 88...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143264/carbon-emissions-income-relationships-with-structural-breaks-the-case-of-the-middle-eastern-and-north-african-countries
#3
Ghassen El Montasser, Ahdi Noomen Ajmi, Duc Khuong Nguyen
This article revisits the carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions-GDP causal relationships in the Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) countries by employing the Rossi (Economet Theor 21:962-990, 2005) instability-robust causality test. We show evidence of significant causality relationships for all considered countries within the instability context, whereas the standard Granger causality test fails to detect causal links in any direction, except for Egypt, Iran, and Morocco. An important policy implication resulting from this robust analysis is that the income is not affected by the cuts in the CO2 emissions for only two MENA countries, the UAE and Syria...
November 15, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138754/the-relation-between-periodontopathogenic-bacterial-levels-and-resistin-in-the-saliva-of-obese-type-2-diabetic-patients
#4
Natheer Al-Rawi, Farah Al-Marzooq
This study aims to investigate the relation between resistin and periodontopathogenic bacterial levels in the saliva of obese adults compared to healthy control and to examine whether salivary resistin can serve as a biomarker of type 2 diabetes in obese patients. A total of 78 saliva samples were collected from patients attending to the University Dental Hospital, Sharjah, UAE. The patients were divided into three equal groups: obese diabetics, obese nondiabetics, and nonobese nondiabetic control. Salivary resistin was measured using ELISA...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137672/the-primary-health-care-in-the-emirate-of-abu-dhabi-are-they-aligned-with-the-chronic-care-model-elements
#5
Marília Silva Paulo, Tom Loney, Luís Velez Lapão
BACKGROUND: Abu Dhabi is the capital of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and the largest of the seven emirates in terms of land mass and population. Abu Dhabi emirate has three different geographical regions: the Central Capital District, the Eastern Region, and the Western Region. The health system has been regulated by the Health Authority - Abu Dhabi (HAAD), and has been provided by the Abu Dhabi Health Services Company (SEHA), since 2007. The UAE has a high population-burden of morbidity and mortality related to chronic diseases...
November 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134261/drivers-and-challenges-for-implementing-iso-14001-environmental-management-systems-in-an-emerging-gulf-arab-country
#6
Marie-France Waxin, Sandra L Knuteson, Aaron Bartholomew
Worldwide, ISO 14001 certification for organizations has become the norm, but the Arab world accounts for an insignificant portion of all the certified organizations. There is a dearth of research on environmental management systems (EMS) in Arab and emerging countries and in public organizations. The objectives of this research are to: (1) examine the key drivers and challenges related to implementation of ISO 14001 certified EMS in the United Arab Emirates, an emerging Arab country and (2) compare and contrast these drivers and challenges between private and public organizations...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130072/prediction-of-chronic-kidney-disease-stage-3-by-ckd273-a-urinary-proteomic-biomarker
#7
Claudia Pontillo, Zhen-Yu Zhang, Joost P Schanstra, Lotte Jacobs, Petra Zürbig, Lutgarde Thijs, Adela Ramírez-Torres, Hiddo J L Heerspink, Morten Lindhardt, Ronald Klein, Trevor Orchard, Massimo Porta, Rudolf W Bilous, Nishi Charturvedi, Peter Rossing, Antonia Vlahou, Eva Schepers, Griet Glorieux, William Mullen, Christian Delles, Peter Verhamme, Raymond Vanholder, Jan A Staessen, Harald Mischak, Joachim Jankowski
Introduction: CKD273 is a urinary biomarker, which in advanced chronic kidney disease predicts further deterioration. We investigated whether CKD273 can also predict a decline of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) to <60 ml/min per 1.73 m(2). Methods: In analyses of 2087 individuals from 6 cohorts (46.4% women; 73.5% with diabetes; mean age, 46.1 years; eGFR ≥ 60 ml/min per 1.73 m(2), 100%; urinary albumin excretion rate [UAE] ≥20 μg/min, 6.2%), we accounted for cohort, sex, age, mean arterial pressure, diabetes, and eGFR at baseline and expressed associations per 1-SD increment in urinary biomarkers...
November 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128204/uterine-artery-embolization-a-review-of-current-concepts
#8
REVIEW
Jonathan J Keung, James B Spies, Theresa M Caridi
Uterine artery embolization (UAE) has gained traction as a safe and effective treatment modality for symptomatic uterine leiomyomata since its introduction nearly two decades ago. This review includes an overview of current concepts with regard to patient selection, technique, and outcomes following UAE. Specific topics also include the impact of this procedure on fertility and pregnancy, the emerging role of UAE in the treatment of adenomyosis, and how UAE compares with surgical intervention for the treatment of symptomatic leiomyomata...
September 29, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122284/broad-screening-of-illicit-ingredients-in-cosmetics-using-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-hybrid-quadrupole-orbitrap-mass-spectrometry-with-customized-accurate-mass-database-and-mass-spectral-library
#9
Xianshuang Meng, Hua Bai, Teng Guo, Zengyuan Niu, Qiang Ma
Comprehensive identification and quantitation of 100 multi-class regulated ingredients in cosmetics was achieved using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) coupled with hybrid quadrupole-Orbitrap high-resolution mass spectrometry (Q-Orbitrap HRMS). A simple, efficient, and inexpensive sample pretreatment protocol was developed using ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE), followed by dispersive solid-phase extraction (dSPE). The cosmetic samples were analyzed by UHPLC-Q-Orbitrap HRMS under synchronous full-scan MS and data-dependent MS/MS (full-scan MS(1)/dd-MS(2)) acquisition mode...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120808/alternative-oil-extraction-methods-from-echium-plantagineum-l-seeds-using-advanced-techniques-and-green-solvents
#10
Natalia Castejón, Pilar Luna, Francisco J Señoráns
The edible oil processing industry involves large losses of organic solvent into the atmosphere and long extraction times. In this work, fast and environmentally friendly alternatives for the production of echium oil using green solvents are proposed. Advanced extraction techniques such as Pressurized Liquid Extraction (PLE), Microwave Assisted Extraction (MAE) and Ultrasound Assisted Extraction (UAE) were evaluated to efficiently extract omega-3 rich oil from Echium plantagineum seeds. Extractions were performed with ethyl acetate, ethanol, water and ethanol:water to develop a hexane-free processing method...
April 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118852/prevalence-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-united-arab-emirates-expatriates-the-uae-national-diabetes-and-lifestyle-study
#11
Nabil Sulaiman, Salah Elbadawi, Amal Hussein, Salah Abusnana, Abdulrazzag Madani, Maisoon Mairghani, Fatheya Alawadi, Ahmad Sulaiman, Paul Zimmet, Oliver Huse, Jonathan Shaw, Anna Peeters
Objective: To describe current prevalence of obesity and related non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in expatriates living in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Methods: We used data from the cross-sectional UAE National Diabetes and Lifestyle Study (UAEDIAB), which surveyed adult expatriates living in the UAE for at least 4 years. We report crude prevalence of overweight and obesity, indicated by gender and ethnicity-specific body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) cut-offs, by lifestyle and biomedical characteristics, as well as age and sex-adjusted odds ratios...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116217/diversity-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronaviruses-in-109-dromedary-camels-based-on-full-genome-sequencing-abu-dhabi-united-arab-emirates
#12
Mohammed Farouk Yusof, Krista Queen, Yassir Mohammed Eltahir, Clinton R Paden, Zulaikha Mohamed Abdel Hameed Al Hammadi, Ying Tao, Yan Li, Abdelmalik Ibrahim Khalafalla, Mang Shi, Jing Zhang, Muzammil Sayed Ahmed Elhaj Mohamed, Mahmud Hamed Abd Elaal Ahmed, Ihsaan Abdulwahab Azeez, Oum Keltoum Bensalah, Ziyada Swar Eldahab, Farida Ismail Al Hosani, Susan I Gerber, Aron J Hall, Suxiang Tong, Salama Suhail Al Muhairi
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) was identified on the Arabian Peninsula in 2012 and is still causing cases and outbreaks in the Middle East. When MERS-CoV was first identified, the closest related virus was in bats; however, it has since been recognized that dromedary camels serve as a virus reservoir and potential source for human infections. A total of 376 camels were screened for MERS-Cov at a live animal market in the Eastern Region of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, UAE. In all, 109 MERS-CoV-positive camels were detected in week 1, and a subset of positive camels were sampled again weeks 3 through 6...
November 8, 2017: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108458/a-fuzzy-logic-based-warning-system-for-patients-classification
#13
Jumanah A Al-Dmour, Assim Sagahyroon, A R Al-Ali, Salah Abusnana
Typically acute deterioration in sick people is preceded by subtle changes in the physiological parameters such as pulse and blood pressure. The Modified Early Warning Score is a scoring system developed to assist hospital staff in gauging these physiological changes and identifying patients in need of urgent medical care to avoid catastrophic deterioration. This work discusses the design and implementation of an equivalent warning system that utilizes fuzzy logic techniques to categorize patients' status. The system is implemented and tested in Rashid Centre for Diabetes and Research in UAE...
November 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106632/cost-effectiveness-of-screening-type-2-diabetes-patients-for-chronic-kidney-disease-progression-with-the-ckd273-urinary-peptide-classifier-as-compared-to-urinary-albumin-excretion
#14
Elena Critselis, Antonia Vlahou, Vianda S Stel, Rachael L Morton
Background: In type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients, chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression may occur without detectable changes in urinary albumin excretion (UAE) rate. A new urinary peptide classifier (CKD273) has exhibited greater ability to detect CKD progression, however, its cost-effectiveness remains unknown. This study evaluated the cost-effectiveness of screening for CKD progression with the CKD273 classifier, as compared to UAE, in diabetic patients. Methods: A decision-analytic Markov model was developed to estimate costs and health outcomes [including overall survival and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs)] from a health system perspective for adopting a new annual screening strategy based on the CKD273 classifier as compared to annual UAE-based screening in a hypothetical cohort of T2DM patients...
July 3, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099795/microwave-assisted-extraction-of-cannabinoids-in-hemp-nut-using-response-surface-methodology-optimization-and-comparative-study
#15
Chih-Wei Chang, Ching-Chi Yen, Ming-Tsang Wu, Mei-Chich Hsu, Yu-Tse Wu
Hemp nut is commonly incorporated into several food preparations; however, most countries set regulations for hemp products according to their cannabinoid content. In this study, we have developed an efficient microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) method for cannabinoids (i.e., Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabidiol, and cannabinol) in hemp nut. Optimization of the MAE procedure was conducted through single factor experiments and response surface methodology (RSM). A comparative study was also conducted to determine the differences in the extraction yields and morphology of hemp nut between MAE and reference extraction methods, namely heat reflux extraction (HRE), Soxhlet extraction (SE), supercritical fluid extraction (SFE), and ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE)...
November 3, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099026/cost-and-distribution-of-hysterectomy-and-uterine-artery-embolization-in-the-united-states-regional-rural-urban-disparities
#16
Marquisette Glass Lewis, Olúgbémiga T Ekúndayò
Hysterectomy, the driving force for symptomatic uterine fibroids since 1895, has decreased over the years, but it is still the number one choice for many women. Since 1995, uterine artery embolization (UAE) has been proven by many researchers to be an effective treatment for uterine fibroids while allowing women to keep their uteri. The preponderance of data collection and research has focused on care quality in terms of efficiency and effectiveness, with little on location and viability related to care utilization, accessibility and physical availability...
May 16, 2017: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096164/potential-factors-impacting-health-related-quality-of-life-among-patients-with-epilepsy-results-from-the-united-arab-emirates
#17
Taoufik Alsaadi, Seada Kassie, Khadija El Hammasi, Tarek M Shahrour, Mustafa Shakra, Lamya Turkawi, Wassim Nasreddine, Mufeed Raoof
PURPOSE: to investigate potential factors impacting HRQOL among PWE at a medical facility in the UAE. METHODS: Depression, anxiety, and health-related quality of life were assessed in 160 adult patients with epilepsy from September 2014 to January 2015 at Sheikh Khalifa Medical City (SKMC). The World Health Organization Quality of Life abbreviated scale (WHOQOL-BREF), the Patient Health Questionnaire nine-item (PHQ-9) depression scale, and Generalized Anxiety Disorder seven-item (GAD-7) scale were administered...
October 28, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090348/characteristics-of-a-new-x-ray-imaging-system-for-interventional-procedures-improved-image-quality-and-reduced-radiation-dose
#18
Ruediger E Schernthaner, Reham R Haroun, Sonny Nguyen, Rafael Duran, Jae Ho Sohn, Sonia Sahu, Julius Chapiro, Yan Zhao, Alessandro Radaelli, Imramsjah M van der Bom, Maria Mauti, Kelvin Hong, Jean-François H Geschwind, MingDe Lin
PURPOSE: To compare image quality and radiation exposure between a new angiographic imaging system and the preceding generation system during uterine artery embolization (UAE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective, IRB-approved two-arm study, 54 patients with symptomatic uterine fibroids were treated with UAE on two different angiographic imaging systems. The new system includes optimized acquisition parameters and real-time image processing algorithms. Air kerma (AK), dose area product (DAP) and acquisition time for digital fluoroscopy (DF) and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) were recorded...
October 31, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068334/chemical-fingerprinting-of-saline-water-intrusion-into-sewage-lines
#19
Ola Osman, Oluwajinmi Daniel Aina, Farrukh Ahmad
High salinity in sewage sludge can affect not only the operation of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) but also the quality of treated water generated, thereby limiting its downstream reuse. Using data on geochemical parameters, both for the central WWTP in Abu Dhabi, UAE, and literature values for potential regional saline water sources (e.g., shallow groundwater and regional Arabian Gulf seawater), a variety of chemical fingerprinting diagnostic ratios were calculated and plotted in order to determine the source of salinity in the municipal sewage...
October 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062362/assessment-of-elementary-school-teachers-level-of-knowledge-and-attitude-regarding-traumatic-dental-injuries-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#20
Manal A Awad, Eman AlHammadi, Mariam Malalla, Zainab Maklai, Aisha Tariq, Badria Al-Ali, Alaa Al Jameel, Hisham El Batawi
INTRODUCTION: In this cross-sectional study, the level of knowledge and attitude of elementary school teachers regarding traumatic dental injuries (TDI) were assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to 330 elementary school teachers in 30 randomly selected schools in the Emirates of Sharjah and Dubai. The questionnaire collected information on participants' demographic characteristics, first aid training, and attitude about emergency management of TDI...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
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