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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918704/professionalism-among-multicultural-medical-students-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#1
Mahera Abdulrahman, Shahd Alsalehi, Zahra S M Husain, Satish C Nair, Frederick Robert Carrick
BACKGROUND: Moral competencies and ethical practices of medical professionals are among the desired outcomes of academic training. Unfortunately, academic dishonesty and misconduct are reported from medical colleges across the world. This study investigates the level of academic dishonesty/misconduct among multicultural medical students. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the level of academic dishonesty/misconduct among multicultural medical students...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917898/physicochemical-characterization-antioxidant-activity-of-polysaccharides-from-mesona-chinensis-benth-and-their-protective-effect-on-injured-nctc-1469-cells-induced-by-h2o2
#2
Wei Tang, Mingyue Shen, Jianhua Xie, Dan Liu, Mengxia Du, Lihua Lin, He Gao, Bruce R Hamaker, Mingyong Xie
Polysaccharides MP-A, MP-U and MP-C were extracted from Mesona chinensis Benth by hot-alkali extraction (HAE), ultrasonic-assisted extraction (UAE) and cellulose-enzyme assisted extraction (CAE), respectively. The yields, physicochemical properties and antioxidant of polysaccharides were investigated. Results showed that the yields of MP-A (11.14%), MP-U (10.62%) and MP-C (9.70%) were similar, and they were all heteropolysaccharides with average molecular weights of 1.9×10(5)Da, 1.5×10(5)Da, 1.4×10(5)Da...
November 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911634/extraction-and-quantification-of-polyphenols-from-kinnow-citrus-reticulate-l-peel-using-ultrasound-and-maceration-techniques
#3
Muhammad N Safdar, Tusneem Kausar, Saqib Jabbar, Amer Mumtaz, Karam Ahad, Ambreen A Saddozai
An investigation was carried out to extract polyphenols from the peel of kinnow (Citrus reticulate L.) by maceration and ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) techniques. The antioxidant potential of these polyphenols was evaluated using ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), and superoxide radical scavenging assays; and their antimicrobial activity was assessed against bacterial strains Staphyloccoccus aureus, Bacillus cereus, and Salmonella typhimurium. The highest extraction yield was obtained through the solvent ethanol at 80% concentration level, whereas UAE was a more efficient technique and yielded comparatively higher polyphenol contents than maceration...
July 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911025/home-blood-pressure-variability-from-the-stored-memory-is-correlated-with-albuminuria-but-from-the-logbook-is-not
#4
Shinobu Matsumoto, Emi Ushigome, Kanae Matsushita, Takuya Fukuda, Kazuteru Mitsuhashi, Saori Majima, Goji Hasegawa, Naoto Nakamura, Hidetaka Ushigome, Masahiro Yamazaki, Michiaki Fukui
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the mean and the variability of home blood pressure (HBP) from the logbook correlate with albuminuria as well as HBP from the stored memory in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: This study is a post hoc analysis of a cross-sectional multicenter study. HBP measurements were performed for 14 consecutive days in 276 patients with type 2 diabetes. Patients were requested to write down their HBP values in logbooks and were not informed about the memory function of their BP monitoring devices...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892008/ultrasonic-assisted-extraction-of-paclitaxel-from-taxus-x-media-using-ionic-liquids-as-adjuvants-optimization-of-the-process-by-response-surface-methodology
#5
Zhijian Tan, Qiao Li, Chaoyun Wang, Wanlai Zhou, Yuanru Yang, Hongying Wang, Yongjian Yi, Fenfang Li
(1) Background: Ionic liquids (ILs) are considered "green" solvents and have been widely used in the extraction and separation field in recent years; (2) Methods: In this study, some common ILs and functionalized magnetic ionic liquids (MILs) were used as adjuvants for the solvent extraction of paclitaxel from Taxus x media (T. x media) using methanol solution. The extraction conditions of methanol concentration, IL type and amount, solid-liquid ratio, extraction temperature, and ultrasonic irradiation time were investigated in single factor experiments...
September 11, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890674/treating-symptomatic-uterine-fibroids-with-myomectomy-current-practice-and-views-of-uk-consultants
#6
R Fusun Sirkeci, Anna Maria Belli, Isaac T Manyonda
BACKGROUND: The demand for uterus-sparing treatments is increasing as more women postpone childbirth to their 30-40s, when fibroids are more symptomatic. With an increasing choice of treatment options and changing care-provider profiles, now is an opportune time to survey current practices and opinions. Using a 25-stem questionnaire, a web-based survey was used to capture the practices and opinions of UK consultant gynecologists on the treatment of symptomatic fibroids, including the types of procedure most frequently used, methods used to reduce blood loss, and awareness and acceptability of treatment options, and to assess the impact of gender and experience of the treating gynecologist...
2017: Gynecological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889156/oxidative-damage-and-associated-inflammatory-risk-factors-in-obese-emirati-women-body-mass-index-versus-waist-circumference
#7
Salah Gariballa, Juma Alkaabi, Javed Yasin, Awad Al Essa
OBJECTIVES: To establish whether body mass index (BMI) or waist circumference (WC) is a better predictor of cardio metabolic risk factors that are associated with increased visceral fat among obese women from the United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHODS: In this  cross-sectional study, 333 obese subjects visiting community health centers in Al Ain city, UAE, were recruited between 2012 and 2015. After a written consent subjects had anthropometric, clinical and biochemical measurements...
September 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888500/evaluating-the-reliability-and-validity-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-parents-perceptions-of-uncertainty-scale-a-ppus
#8
Nabeel Al-Yateem, Maria Brenner, Alaa Ahmad, Syed Azizur Rahman
BACKGROUND: Uncertainty often accompanies illness and may be a major aversive component of the patients' treatment process. There is evidence that parental uncertainty has a negative impact on their own and on their child's coping strategies and may affect family functioning. Key to the provision of competent care, to address uncertainty, is the use of an appropriate validated assessment tool to understand key parental concerns. The 'Parent Perception of Uncertainty Scale' (PPUS) has been widely used for this purpose...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878941/clinical-profiles-comorbidities-and-complications-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-patients-from-united-arab-emirates
#9
Herbert F Jelinek, Wael M Osman, Ahsan H Khandoker, Kinda Khalaf, Sungmun Lee, Wael Almahmeed, Habiba S Alsafar
OBJECTIVE: To assess clinical profiles of patients with type 2 diabetes in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), including patterns, frequencies, and risk factors of microvascular and macrovascular complications. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Four hundred and ninety patients with type 2 diabetes were enrolled from two major hospitals in Abu Dhabi. The presence of microvascular and macrovascular complications was assessed using logistic regression, and demographic, clinical and laboratory data were collected...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876143/anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-levels-before-and-after-uterine-artery-embolization
#10
Bruce McLucas, William D Voorhees, Scott A Snyder
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of uterine artery embolization (UAE) on ovarian reserve as measured by Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Non-randomized, observational study of 89 women 23-40 years of age who received UAE. Control hormone levels were measured prior to UAE and the first post-embolization measurement was taken at various times post-procedure (mean = 190 ± 229 days). RESULTS: Historical work verified by our earlier work has shown that AMH levels decline with age...
September 6, 2017: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856930/sepsis-after-uterine-artery-embolization-assisted-termination-of-pregnancy-with-complete-placenta-previa-a-case-report
#11
Yinfeng Wang, Xiufeng Huang
Uterine artery embolization (UAE)-assisted induction of labor is an alternative method of managing pregnant women with complete placenta previa (CPP). Sepsis secondary to UAE, although rare, is a serious complication. We herein present a case of severe sepsis following UAE-assisted termination of a pregnancy at 27 gestational weeks in a woman with CPP. The woman developed a high-grade fever and elevated inflammatory indices following UAE. She did not recover until the infected tissue was removed by emergency cesarean section...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843410/health-system-barriers-and-enablers-to-early-access-to-breast-cancer-screening-detection-and-diagnosis-a-global-analysis-applied-to-the-mena-region
#12
REVIEW
D Bowser, H Marqusee, M El Koussa, R Atun
OBJECTIVES: To identify barriers and enablers that impact access to early screening, detection, and diagnosis of breast cancer both globally and more specifically in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region (with a specific focus on Egypt, Jordan, Oman, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates [UAE], and Kuwait) with a specific focus on the health system. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review of literature. METHODS: We conducted a systematic reviewing using the PRISMA methodology...
August 24, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842995/hepatitis-c-virus-genotypes-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa-distribution-diversity-and-patterns
#13
Sarwat Mahmud, Zaina Al-Kanaani, Hiam Chemaitelly, Karima Chaabna, Silva P Kouyoumjian, Laith J Abu-Raddad
Our objective was to characterize the distribution, diversity and patterns of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Source of data was a database of HCV genotype studies in MENA populated using a series of systematic literature searches. Pooled mean proportions were estimated for each genotype and by country using DerSimonian-Laird random-effects meta-analyses. Genotype diversity within countries was assessed using Shannon Diversity Index. Number of chronic infections by genotype and country was calculated using the pooled proportions and country-specific numbers of chronic infection...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839370/optimization-of-surfactant-mediated-ultrasonic-assisted-extraction-of-antioxidant-polyphenols-from-rattan-tea-ampelopsis-grossedentata-using-response-surface-methodology
#14
Feng Li, Aun Raza, Yan-Wei Wang, Xiu-Quan Xu, Guan-Hua Chen
BACKGROUND: Rattan tea is a medicinal plant that has been used for many years for the treatment of inflammation, fatty liver, tumor, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia. OBJECTIVE: A green and novel approach based on surfactant-mediated, ultrasonic-assisted extraction (SM-UAE) was developed for the extraction of antioxidant polyphenols from Rattan tea. A nonionic surfactant Tween-80 was selected as extraction solvent. The antioxidant activity was measured by total phenolic content (TPC) and ferric-reducing/antioxidant capacity (FRAC) assay...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836454/a-novel-method-ionic-liquid-based-ultrasound-assisted-extraction-of-polyphenols-from-chinese-purple-yam
#15
Junhong Zhang, Aizhen Zong, Tongcheng Xu, Ping Zhan, Lina Liu, Bin Qiu, Wei Liu, Min Jia, Fangling Du, Honglei Tian
Chinese purple yam is famous for therapeutic and nutritional values in lowering blood glucose, blood pressure and even preventing and treating cardiovascular diseases. However, traditional extraction techniques for the functional polyphenolic compounds mostly utilise unfriendly organic solvent and easily cause degradation of polyphenols. In this study, a novel ionic liquid-based ultrasound-assisted extraction (IL-UAE) technique was utilised to obtain polyphenols. The optimal extraction condition included: solid-liquid ratio (0...
August 24, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836027/temporary-anorgasmia-following-uterine-artery-embolization-for-symptomatic-uterine-fibroids
#16
Ethan Speir, Haris Shekhani, Gail Peters
We report a rare case of temporary anorgasmia following uterine artery embolization (UAE) performed for symptomatic uterine fibroids. To our knowledge, this is only the second time that this complication has been reported in the literature. We briefly explore the possible pathophysiologic explanations for this complication and review the effects of UAE compared to hysterectomy on sexual functioning in women.
August 23, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818012/clinical-application-of-prophylactic-internal-iliac-artery-balloon-occlusion-combined-with-uterine-artery-embolization-in-patients-with-abnormally-invasive-placenta
#17
Youwen Mei, Dan Luo, Yonghong Lin
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to investigate the role of prophylactic internal iliac artery balloon occlusion combined with uterine artery embolization (UAE) in patients with abnormally invasive placenta. METHODS: Forty cases with abnormally invasive placenta who visited our hospital were analyzed retrospectively from May 2014 to September 2015. Twenty cases who had prophylactic balloon occlusion of internal iliac artery with/without UAE were in the study group, while the other 20 cases in the control group...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808409/novel-approaches-to-extraction-methods-in-recovery-of-capsaicin-from-habanero-pepper-cnph-15-192
#18
Frederico S Martins, Leonardo L Borges, Claudia S C Ribeiro, Francisco J B Reifschneider, Edemilson C Conceição
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to compare three capsaicin extraction methods: Shoxlet, Ultrasound-assisted Extraction (UAE), and Shaker-assisted Extraction (SAE) from Habanero pepper, CNPH 15.192. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The different parameters evaluated were alcohol degree, time extraction, and solid-solvent ratio using response surface methodology (RSM). RESULTS: The three parameters found significant (p < 0.05) were for UAE and solvent concentration and extraction time for SAE...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807810/unique-learning-system-for-uterine-artery-embolization-for-symptomatic-myoma-and-adenomyosis-for-obstetrician-gynecologists-in-cooperation-with-interventional-radiologists-evaluation-of-uae-from-the-point-of-view-of-gynecologists-who-perform-uae
#19
Shu Soeda, Tsuyoshi Hiraiwa, Megumi Takata, Norihito Kamo, Hirofumi Sekino, Shinji Nomura, Manabu Kojima, Hyo Kyozuka, Takeharu Ozeki, Shiro Ishii, Tadanobu Tameda, Kimisato Asano, Makoto Miyazaki, Toshifumi Takahashi, Takafumi Watanabe, Yasunori Taki, Keiya Fujimori
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a unique learning system for uterine artery embolization (UAE) and examine its feasibility and clinical outcomes for the treatment of symptomatic uterine leiomyomas and adenomyosis when performed by obstetrician-gynecologists in cooperation with interventional radiologists (IVRs). DESIGN: Retrospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS: One hundred seventy-three patients who underwent UAE for symptomatic leiomyomas and adenomyosis...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805934/fragility-of-epidermis-acne-and-post-procedure-lesional-skin
#20
G Fabbrocini, A B Rossi, M-D Thouvenin, C Peraud, V Mengeaud, A Bacquey, M Saint Aroman
'Fragile skin', or skin with lower resistance to aggressors, can be broadly classified into four causal categories: constitutional (age-dependent or associated with specific vulnerable locations on the body, e.g. eyelids), pathological (related to disease), circumstantial (related to environmental or internal factors, e.g. stress) and iatrogenic (caused by medical interventions or treatments). In this supplement, we focus on the fourth category, the iatrogenic origin of fragile skin and the role that dermo-cosmetics can have in restoring the natural protective function of the skin following treatments for skin diseases and medical interventions...
September 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
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