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Death crucifixion

M Bevilacqua, G Fanti, M D'Arienzo, A Porzionato, V Macchi, R De Caro
As the literature is not exhaustive with reference to the way the Turin Shroud (TS) Man was crucified, and it is not easy to draw significant information from only a "photograph" of a man on a linen sheet, this study tries to add some detail on this issue based on both image processing of high resolution photos of the TS and on experimental tests on arms and legs of human cadavers. With regard to the TS Man hands, a first hypothesis states that the left hand of the TS Man was nailed twice at two different anatomical sites: the midcarpal joint medially to the pisiform between the lunate/pyramidal and capitate/uncinate bones (Destot's space) and the radiocarpal joint between the radio, lunate and scaphoid; also the right hand would have been nailed twice...
December 2014: Injury
Jacqueline M Regan, Kiarash Shahlaie, Joseph C Watson
Crucifixion as a means of torture and execution was first developed in the 6th century B.C. and remained popular for over 1000 years. Details of the practice, which claimed hundreds of thousands of lives, have intrigued scholars as historical records and archaeological findings from the era are limited. As a result, various aspects of crucifixion, including the type of crosses used, methods of securing victims to crosses, the length of time victims survived on the cross, and the exact mechanisms of death, remain topics of debate...
May 2013: Brain and Behavior
Joseph W Bergeron
The crucifixion of Jesus is arguably the most well-known and controversial execution in history. Christian faithful, dating back to the time of Jesus, have believed that Jesus was executed by crucifixion and later returned physically to life again. Others have questioned whether Jesus actually died by crucifixion, at all. From review of medical literature, physicians have failed to agree on a specific mechanism of Jesus' death. A search of Medline/Pubmed was completed with respect to crucifixion, related topics, and proposed mechanisms of Jesus' death...
April 2012: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
David A Ball
This article is a follow up of an original article by the author on the crucifixion of Jesus published in the March 1989 issue of the JMSMA. The pathogenesis of the death of Jesus is still widely debated with vastly divergent views as to the specific cause of His death. The author's views have been challenged in the literature. As a result, he has done spirometry studies of volunteers hanging on a cross and has a better understanding of the physiology of the terminal events. That information is presented in this update...
March 2008: Journal of the Mississippi State Medical Association
Matthew W Maslen, Piers D Mitchell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2006: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
F P Retief, L Cilliers
In antiquity crucifixion was considered one of the most brutal and shameful modes of death. Probably originating with the Assyrians and Babylonians, it was used systematically by the Persians in the 6th century BC. Alexander the Great brought it from there to the eastern Mediterranean countries in the 4th century BC, and the Phoenicians introduced it to Rome in the 3rd century BC. It was virtually never used in pre-Hellenic Greece. The Romans perfected crucifion for 500 years until it was abolished by Constantine I in the 4th century AD...
December 2003: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1965: Arizona Medicine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1964: American Heart Journal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1963: American Heart Journal
Scott L DeBoer, Charles L Maddow
Of all the terrible ways to die, most people say that death by fire or death by drowning are the worst. If you lived 2000 years ago however, you most certainly would disagree. Throughout world history, one of the most feared deaths was that of crucifixion. This article will guide you through the medical, psychological, and emotional aspects of crucifixion. The death of the man called Jesus Christ will be used to illustrate the use of a punishment that was unequalled in its cruelty and depth of suffering. This article will review not only the injuries associated with crucifixion, as well as current medical archaeological theories relating to the suffering and eventual death on a cross, but also using the introduction case study, the initial assessment and resuscitation of a crucifixion victim will be addressed...
October 2002: Accident and Emergency Nursing
Ronald N Turco
This article discusses the preoccupation with fire, revenge, crucifixion, and other fantasies as they relate to the primal scene. The manifestations of these fantasies are demonstrated in a work of fiction by Yukio Mishima. The Temple of the Golden Pavillion. As is the case in other writings of Mishima there is a fusion of aggressive and libidinal drives and a preoccupation with death. The primal scene is directly connected with pyromania and destructive "acting out" of fantasies. This article is timely with regard to understanding contemporary events of cultural and national destruction...
2002: Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis
Kjell Ytrehus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2002: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
R C Jordan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2000: Journal of Pastoral Care
J E Holoubek, A B Holoubek
Crucifixion, as a method of execution was practiced in many cultures before it was outlawed in the Roman Empire by Constantine in 341 C.E., but it has been used sporadically since then. Recent archeological excavations of the remains of a crucified victim have stimulated studies of the methods used. The theories regarding the cause of death as reported in the medical literature are discussed.
1995: Journal of Medicine
G Micca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 1969: Minerva Medica
W D Edwards, W J Gabel, F E Hosmer
Jesus of Nazareth underwent Jewish and Roman trials, was flogged, and was sentenced to death by crucifixion. The scourging produced deep stripelike lacerations and appreciable blood loss, and it probably set the stage for hypovolemic shock, as evidenced by the fact that Jesus was too weakened to carry the crossbar (patibulum) to Golgotha. At the site of crucifixion, his wrists were nailed to the patibulum and, after the patibulum was lifted onto the upright post (stipes), his feet were nailed to the stipes...
March 21, 1986: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
D A Ball
In summary, I would suggest that Jesus was unable to carry his cross because of his cruel treatment and scourging. He then fell with the 100 pound crosspiece on his back and was unable to break the fall because his outstretched hands were tied to the crosspiece. This resulted in blunt chest trauma and a contused heart. On the cross the workload of the heart was greatly increased due to multiple factors, but primarily the increased effort necessary to breathe. This resulted in a rupture of the free wall of the heart, which caused Jesus to cry out in a loud voice and suddenly die...
March 1989: Journal of the Mississippi State Medical Association
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