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Foramen ovale

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645902/the-cause-of-the-stroke-a-diagnostic-uncertainty
#1
Abhishek Dattani, Ava Jackson
A 39-year-old man with a history of sickle cell disease (SCD) presented with left leg weakness. He had a normal CT head and CT angiogram, but MRI head showed multiple acute bilateral cortical infarcts including in the right precentral gyrus. The MRI findings were more in keeping with an embolic source rather than stroke related to SCD, although it could not be ruled out. He also had an echocardiogram which revealed a patent foramen ovale. He was treated with antiplatelet therapy and also had red blood cell exchange transfusion...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645128/-headache-news
#2
Hans-Christoph Diener, Charly Gaul, Dagny Holle-Lee, Lazaros Lazaridis, Steffen Nägel, Mark Obermann
A review of the latest and most relevant information on different disorders of head and facial pain is presented. News from epidemiologic studies regarding the relationship between migraine and patent foramen ovale, the cardiovascular risk in migraine, and migraine behavior during menopause, and the development of white matter lesions or migraine genetics are presented. Regarding pathophysiology there are very recent insights regarding the role of the hypothalamus during prodromal phase and the interplay of brain-stem and hypothalamus during the attack...
June 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631766/-postural-effect-in-patients-with-patent-foramen-ovale-evaluation-of-right-to-left-shunt-with-transcranial-doppler-and-transthoracic-echocardiography-and-correlation-with-arterial-oxygen-saturation
#3
Stefano Lucreziotti, Chiara Debenedetti, Laura Massironi, Antonio Mantero, Fabiano Di Marco, Massimo Chessa, Stefano Carugo
BACKGROUND: Transcranial Doppler echocardiography and transthoracic echocardiography may detect with high accuracy right-to-left shunt (RLS) due to patent foramen ovale (PFO). However, a standardized diagnostic protocol has never been established. It has been suggested that standing or sitting positions may improve sensitivity of transcranial Doppler due to increased LRS in such positions. We aimed to test efficacy of the sitting position in addition to the supine position in the grading of RLS in patients with PFO...
June 2017: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626173/prevalence-of-right-to-left-shunts-in-japanese-patients-with-migraine-a-single-center-study
#4
Akio Iwasaki, Keisuke Suzuki, Hidehiro Takekawa, Ryotaro Takashima, Ayano Suzuki, Shiho Suzuki, Koichi Hirata
Objective Several studies have shown an increased prevalence of right-to-left shunt (RLs) in migraine patients, particularly those with aura. However, the prevalence of RLs and its relation to Japanese patients with migraine are unknown. We investigated the prevalence of RLs in Japanese patients with migraine. Methods In total, 112 consecutive patients with migraine were recruited from our headache outpatient clinic. Migraine with aura (MA) and migraine without aura (MWOA) were diagnosed according to the International Classification of Headache Disorders, 3rd edition (beta-version)...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614531/alternative-option-for-osteogenesis-imperfecta-and-trigeminal-neuralgia
#5
Leonardo Gilmone Ruschel, Guilherme José Agnoletto, Sonival Cândido Hunhevicz, Daniel Benzecry de Almeida, Walter Oleschko Arruda
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a bone disorder that can lead to skull base deformities such as basilar invagination, which can cause compression of cranial nerves, including the trigeminal nerve. Trigeminal neuralgia in such cases remains a challenge, given distorted anatomy and deformities. We present an alternative option, consisting in cannulation of the foramen ovale and classical percutaneous treatment. Percutaneous balloon microcompression was performed in a 28 year-old woman with OI and severe trigeminal neuralgia using computed tomography (CT) and radiographic-guided cannulation of the Gasserian ganglion without neuronavigation or stereotactic devices...
April 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612912/temporal-healing-patterns-and-coverage-dynamics-after-new-polish-transcatheter-pfo-occluder-implantation-in-a-swine
#6
Krzysztof Milewski, Roland Fiszer, Piotr Paweł Buszman, Przemysław Węglarz, Adam Janas, Agata Krauze, Michał Jelonek, Piotr Hirnle, Grzegorz Smolka, Robert Gil, Jacek Białkowski, Paweł Eugeniusz Buszman
BACKGROUND: Although currently used devices for interventional closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO) are widely used due to minimally invasive nature of this technique and high success rate, there is still a need to look for new materials and designs in order to improve the treatment outcomes. AIM: To evaluate safety, biocompatibility, temporal healing patterns and coverage dynamics of the new Polish PFO occluder (Balton, Warsaw, Poland) in a swine model - an observation that may assist decision with regard to its first-in-human use and duration of anticoagulation therapy...
June 14, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603930/successful-retrieval-of-embolized-atrial-septal-defect-occluder-and-patent-foramen-ovale-closure-device-using-novel-coronary-wire-trap-technique
#7
Alireza Khosravi, Ahmad Mirdamadi, Mohammad Reza Movahed
The use of atrial septal device occluders can lead to device embolization. This major complication can occur due to loose margins, deficient aorta, or thin and floppy posterior rim. Device embolization most often occurs after device release, and retrieval is essential. Many devices, including snare and bioptome, have been utilized for retrieval. However, performing these procedures can be difficult and time consuming. Failure to retrieve the embolized device requires open heart surgery. We report a novel and easy to perform method, "coronary wire trap technique," in the event of retrieval failure using conventionally available devices and snare, thereby preventing open-heart surgery...
June 11, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602537/atrial-septal-defect-increases-the-risk-for-stroke-after-total-hip-arthroplasty
#8
Dean C Perfetti, Morad Chughtai, Matthew R Boylan, Qais Naziri, Aditya V Maheshwari, Michael A Mont
BACKGROUND: Atrial septal defect (ASD) and patent foramen ovale (PFO) are 2 of the most common congenital heart diseases in adults and pose important risks of perioperative acute ischemic stroke (AIS) from paradoxical emboli. We evaluated the following: (1) the prevalence of ASD/PFO in the total hip arthroplasty (THA) population; (2) the rate of perioperative AIS during index admissions; and (3) the risk for perioperative AIS after THA for patients with ASD/PFO vs matched controls. METHODS: We identified 393,652 patients in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample who underwent THA between January 1, 2007, and December 31, 2013...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584587/anomalous-left-sided-superior-vena-cava-with-cephalad-flow
#9
Gautam V Ramani, Christopher Deible, Angel López-Candales
The case of a 24-year-old male with complaints of migraine headaches was referred for echocardiography. The rest of medical history was unremarkable. Agitated saline contrast bubble study showed evidence of a right to left intracardiac shunt, probably secondary to a patent foramen ovale. Results of a transesophageal echocardiogram suggested the possibility of an anomalous venous circulation and eventually identified as anomalous left-sided superior vena cava with cardiac magnetic resonance imaging.
January 2017: Heart Views: the Official Journal of the Gulf Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583003/transcranial-doppler-to-detect-right-to-left-communication-evaluation-versus-transesophageal-echocardiography-in-real-life
#10
Alexandre Maillet, Antoine Pavero, Pierre Salaun, Alexis Pibourdin, Sophie Skopinski, Jean-Benoit Thambo, Igor Sibon, Joël Constans, Carine Boulon
We compared transcranial Doppler (TCD) with transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) for the detection of right to left communication (RLC) in the heart. All patients explored from 2013 to 2016 in a vascular medicine unit to detect RLC by TCD were included. Right to left communication was detected by TCD monitoring for microembolic signals after intravenous injection of agitated 5% glucose and air. One hundred one patients were explored for RLC by TCD, 64 by TEE (not possible in 10, bubble injection in 51), and 93 by TTE because of unexplained stroke or arterial thrombosis (51 males, 50 females, age 51...
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580377/optimization-of-curvilinear-needle-trajectories-for-transforamenal-hippocampotomy
#11
David B Comber, E Bryn Pitt, Hunter B Gilbert, Matthew W Powelson, Emily Matijevich, Joseph S Neimat, Robert J Webster, Eric J Barth
BACKGROUND: The recent development of MRI-guided laser-induced thermal therapy (LITT) offers a minimally invasive alternative to craniotomies performed for tumor resection or for amygdalohippocampectomy to control seizure disorders. Current LITT therapies rely on linear stereotactic trajectories that mandate twist-drill entry into the skull and potentially long approaches traversing healthy brain. The use of robotically-driven, telescoping, curved needles has the potential to reduce procedure invasiveness by tailoring trajectories to the curved shape of the ablated structure and by enabling access through natural orifices...
February 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576281/-late-discover-of-a-coronaro-pulmonary-fistula
#12
N d'Ostrevy, N Ferrier, X Marcaggi, N Ketata, G Ntima Mamona M'Buta, M Melay, L Camilleri
Anomalies of the coronary arteries mainly concern a pediatric population, bringing together a wide range of defects. In adults, the evolution is linked to the hemodynamic consequences of fistula. Several therapeutic options have been proposed such as surgery or embolization. We report the case of a 55 years old patient addressed because of dyspnea secondary to aortic insufficiency. The preoperative assessment shown the coexistence of coronary abnormality corresponding to a coronaro-pulmonary fistula. This type of coronary anomaly is rarely described in the adult population, because of its consequences secondary to the closure of the foramen ovale, resulting in angina symptoms in childhood...
May 30, 2017: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574934/pfo-closure-for-cryptogenic-stroke-a-review-and-clinical-treatment-algorithm
#13
Harsimran S Singh, Farhan Katchi, Srihari S Naidu
With a high prevalence in the general population of approximately 25%, and a prevalence in the cryptogenic stroke population approaching 40%, the propensity of a patent foramen ovale (PFO) to precipitate or enable stroke, especially in young, otherwise healthy individuals, has been the subject of much debate. With proof of concept achieved via imaging modalities documenting thrombus-in-transit, and the development of minimally-invasive percutaneous approaches to closure, multiple observational studies and, more recently, several completed randomized controlled trials have sought to answer the question of when and in whom PFO closure should occur...
July 2017: Cardiology in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570323/neurologic-complications-of-cardiac-and-aortic-disease
#14
James P Klaas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article discusses neurologic complications that can arise from cardiac and aortic disease and dysfunction. RECENT FINDINGS: Advances in the care of patients with cardiac or aortic disease include the use of prolonged cardiac monitoring in cryptogenic stroke and the approval of the use of left atrial appendage closure devices for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation who are not candidates for anticoagulation. Continuing controversy surrounds patent foramen ovale closure, and new evidence indicates that cognitive impairment following coronary artery bypass grafting surgery may be less common than previously thought...
June 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570259/propensity-score-matched-comparison-of-the-cera-pfo-occluder-with-the-amplatzer-pfo-occluder-for-percutaneous-closure-of-patent-foramen-ovale-without-echocardiographic-guidance
#15
Mirjam Ulmi, Fabien Praz, George C M Siontis, Andreas Wahl, Stephan Windecker, Heinrich P Mattle, Bernhard Meier
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure has become a routine procedure and was proven to be safe and feasible. In a recently published pooled analysis of randomized trials, percutaneous PFO closure was shown to more effectively reduce recurrent stroke when compared with medical therapy in patients with cryptogenic strokes. However, procedural safety and closure rate are device dependent. METHODS: We performed a propensity-score matched comparison of 28 patients undergoing percutaneous PFO closure using the Cera PFO occluder (CPO) with 28 patients who received the Amplatzer PFO occluder (APO)...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568903/multidisciplinary-assessment-of-pfo-with-substantial-right-to-left-shunting-and-medium-term-follow-up-after-pfo-device-closure-a-single-center-experience
#16
Lu He, Ge-Sheng Cheng, Ya-Juan Du, Yu-Shun Zhang
OBJECTIVES: To describe the multidisciplinary assessment of patent foramen ovale (PFO) with substantial right-to-left shunting (RLS) and medium-term follow-up after PFO closure for stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). BACKGROUND: PFO closure is a therapeutic option to prevent recurrent ischemic event in patients with cryptogenic stroke and TIA. The apparent lack of benefit seen in previous studies was in part due to the inclusion of patients with alternate mechanisms of stroke/TIA...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567311/retrieval-of-embolized-amplatzer-patent-foramen-ovale-occlusion-device-issues-related-to-late-recognition
#17
Allan J Davies, Nicholas Collins, Nicole Organ
Embolization of a percutaneous patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure device is a rare but serious complication. While early, periprocedural device embolization can normally be managed with snare and percutaneous retrieval, late embolization requires a different management strategy due to inability of the device to deform to allow passage into a large caliber sheath. We present a case of asymptomatic device embolization recognized six months following implantation and discuss the challenges encountered in successfully retrieving the device...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545940/incidental-finding-of-thrombus-in-patent-foramen-ovale-in-patient-with-major-pulmonary-embolism
#18
L Alarcón Pérez, E Novoa Lago, Á Irabien Ortiz, J Hortal Iglesias
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521925/the-striking-interplay-of-hiccup-and-patent%C3%A2-foramen-ovale
#19
Alessandro Colombo, Paolo Danna, Alessandro Cialfi, Davide Sala, Maurizio Viecca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506806/selective-associative-phonagnosia-after-right-anterior-temporal-stroke
#20
Simona Luzzi, Michela Coccia, Gabriele Polonara, Carlo Reverberi, Gabriella Ceravolo, Mauro Silvestrini, Fabio Fringuelli, Sara Baldinelli, Leandro Provinciali, Guido Gainotti
We report the case of a 48 year old men who developed a selective impairment in famous voice recognition after ischemic stroke in right subcortical structures (lenticular nucleus and head of the caudate) and right anterior temporal lobe. He underwent fibrinolytic treatment. During the following days he progressively recovered and was discharged without neurological focal sign. Patent foramen ovale was found. When he got back to his house he noticed that he was unable to recognize the voice of his favoured singers and needed to ask who was the singer to his relatives...
May 12, 2017: Neuropsychologia
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