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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034499/early-interaction-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-mothers-and-children-s-behaviours-during-joint-engagement
#1
A Kaale, L Smith, A Nordahl-Hansen, M W Fargerland, C Kasari
BACKGROUND: More knowledge about the interaction between young children with autism spectrum disorder and their parents is one way to improve intervention. This study aims to investigate the behaviours of mothers and children with autism spectrum disorder during joint engagement, with a focus on pacing or rate (i.e., incidences per minute) of their behaviours when being in this state. METHOD: Video recordings of 10 min of free-play between 58 children (2-4 years) diagnosed with childhood autism and their mothers were used to examine rate of mothers' and children's behaviours (i...
October 15, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939027/simulating-interaction-using-gaze-contingent-eye-tracking-to-measure-the-reward-value-of-social-signals-in-toddlers-with-and-without-autism
#2
Angelina Vernetti, Atsushi Senju, Tony Charman, Mark H Johnson, Teodora Gliga
Several accounts have been proposed to explain difficulties with social interaction in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), amongst which atypical social orienting, decreased social motivation or difficulties with understanding the regularities driving social interaction. This study uses gaze-contingent eye-tracking to tease apart these accounts by measuring reward related behaviours in response to different social videos. Toddlers at high or low familial risk for ASD took part in this study at age 2 and were categorised at age 3 as low risk controls (LR), high-risk with no ASD diagnosis (HR-no ASD), or with a diagnosis of ASD (HR-ASD)...
August 12, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861936/pivotal-response-treatment-for-preschoolers-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-defining-a-predictor-profile
#3
Kristin-Lee Fossum, Loriann Williams, Nancy Garon, Susan E Bryson, Isabel M Smith
Behavioral characteristics of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who respond positively to Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT) have been described previously, based on single-subject design research. The present study examined several such characteristics, as well as positive affect, as predictors of expressive language (EL) gains in a representative sample of preschoolers with ASD (n = 57) enrolled in a PRT-based community early intervention program. Children's cognitive ability, positive affect, and levels of appropriate toy contact measured at the start of intervention each contributed significantly to the prediction of EL outcomes...
August 31, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854313/training-peer-partners-to-use-a-speech-generating-device-with-classmates-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-exploring-communication-outcomes-across-preschool-contexts
#4
Kathy S Thiemann-Bourque, Sara McGuff, Howard Goldstein
Purpose: This study examined effects of a peer-mediated intervention that provided training on the use of a speech-generating device for preschoolers with severe autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and peer partners. Method: Effects were examined using a multiple probe design across 3 children with ASD and limited to no verbal skills. Three peers without disabilities were taught to Stay, Play, and Talk using a GoTalk 4+ (Attainment Company) and were then paired up with a classmate with ASD in classroom social activities...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701971/facilitating-social-play-for-children-with-pdds-effects-of-paired-robotic-devices
#5
Soichiro Matsuda, Eleuda Nunez, Masakazu Hirokawa, Junichi Yamamoto, Kenji Suzuki
Interacting with toys and other people is fundamental for developing social communication skills. However, children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are characterized by having a significant impairment in social interaction, which often leads to deficits in play skills. For this reason, methods of teaching play skills to young children with ASD have been well documented. Although previous studies have examined a variety of instructional strategies for teaching skills, few studies have evaluated the potential of using robotic devices...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692449/fidget-spinners-purported-benefits-adverse-effects-and-accepted-alternatives
#6
Rachel A Schecter, Jay Shah, Kate Fruitman, Ruth Lynn Milanaik
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the span of a few months, fidget spinners have caught the eyes of millions of children, parents, educators and paediatricians. Fidget spinners, hand-held toys designed to spin freely in your grasp, have become a source of entertainment for consumers of all ages. Despite a lack of scientific evidence, toy marketers have advertised the benefits of fidget spinners for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and other disorders (e.g. autism, anxiety, sensory issues)...
July 7, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673117/using-a-social-robot-to-teach-gestural-recognition-and-production-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#7
Wing-Chee So, Miranda Kit-Yi Wong, Carrie Ka-Yee Lam, Wan-Yi Lam, Anthony Tsz-Fung Chui, Tsz-Lok Lee, Hoi-Man Ng, Chun-Hung Chan, Daniel Chun-Wing Fok
While it has been argued that children with autism spectrum disorders are responsive to robot-like toys, very little research has examined the impact of robot-based intervention on gesture use. These children have delayed gestural development. We used a social robot in two phases to teach them to recognize and produce eight pantomime gestures that expressed feelings and needs. Compared to the children in the wait-list control group (N = 6), those in the intervention group (N = 7) were more likely to recognize gestures and to gesture accurately in trained and untrained scenarios...
July 4, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474228/teaching-functional-play-skills-to-a-young-child-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-through-video-self-modeling
#8
Sharon Y Lee, Ya-Yu Lo, Yafen Lo
The researchers used a single-case, multiple probe design across three sets of toys (i.e., farm toy, doctor's clinic toy, and rescue toy) to examine the effects of video self-modeling (VSM) on the functional play skills of a 5-year-old child with autism spectrum disorder. The findings showed a functional relation between VSM and increased percentages of functional play actions across the toy sets. The participant's percentages of the targeted functional play skills for the intervention toys remained high 1 week and 2 weeks after the intervention ceased...
August 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466648/increasing-functional-leisure-engagement-for-children-with-autism-using-backward-chaining
#9
Chelsea K Edwards, Robin K Landa, Sarah E Frampton, M Alice Shillingsburg
Research with individuals with disabilities has demonstrated the utility of intervention approaches to address toy play, also referred to as functional leisure engagement (FLE). Examples include prompting FLE, blocking stereotypy, and differentially reinforcing appropriate FLE with social or automatic (i.e., access to stereotypy) reinforcers. Backward chaining has yet to be evaluated, but may be useful for establishing more complex FLE. The current study employed a treatment package consisting of these components with three school-aged children with autism in a therapeutic classroom...
May 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372982/neural-correlates-of-face-processing-in-etiologically-distinct-12-month-old-infants-at-high-risk-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Maggie W Guy, John E Richards, Bridgette L Tonnsen, Jane E Roberts
Neural correlates of face processing were examined in 12-month-olds at high-risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), including 21 siblings of children with ASD (ASIBs) and 15 infants with fragile X syndrome (FXS), as well as 21 low-risk (LR) controls. Event-related potentials were recorded to familiar and novel face and toy stimuli. All infants demonstrated greater N290 amplitude to faces than toys. At the Nc component, LR infants showed greater amplitude to novel stimuli than to their mother's face and own toy, whereas infants with FXS showed the opposite pattern of responses and ASIBs did not differentiate based on familiarity...
March 16, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342167/how-children-with-autism-reason-about-other-s-intentions-false-belief-and-counterfactual-inferences
#11
Célia Rasga, Ana Cristina Quelhas, Ruth M J Byrne
We examine false belief and counterfactual reasoning in children with autism with a new change-of-intentions task. Children listened to stories, for example, Anne is picking up toys and John hears her say she wants to find her ball. John goes away and the reason for Anne's action changes-Anne's mother tells her to tidy her bedroom. We asked, 'What will John believe is the reason that Anne is picking up toys?' which requires a false-belief inference, and 'If Anne's mother hadn't asked Anne to tidy her room, what would have been the reason she was picking up toys?' which requires a counterfactual inference...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004222/auditory-preference-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#12
Lynn R Gilbertson, Robert A Lutfi, Susan Ellis Weismer
Research on children with autism spectrum disorders suggests differences from neurotypical children in the preference for 'social' versus 'nonsocial' sounds. Conclusions have been based largely on the use of head-turn methodology which has various limitations as a means of establishing auditory preference. In the present study, preference was assessed by measuring the frequency with which children pressed a button to hear different sounds using an interactive toy. Contrary to prior results, both groups displayed a strong preference for the highly social sounds...
May 2017: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790175/predictors-and-moderators-of-spontaneous-pretend-play-in-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Erin Kang, Eliana F Klein, Angeline S Lillard, Matthew D Lerner
Although pretend play has long been linked to children's normative cognitive development, inconsistent findings call for greater rigor in examining this relation (Lillard et al., 2013). Spontaneous pretend play is often impacted in atypical development, notably in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Since ASD traits exist along a continuum in the general population, investigating how pretend play varies across the range of ASD symptoms by indexing variations in ASD traits in both typically developing and ASD populations may provide insight into how ASD symptoms may influence the relation between pretend play and associated processes in cognitive development...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672325/autistic-traits-in-women-with-primary-dysmenorrhea-a-case-control-study
#14
Harun Toy, Arzu Hergüner, Sevcan Şimşek, Sabri Hergüner
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have shown that women with autism spectrum disorder have higher rates of menstrual problems, including irregular menstrual cycles, unusually painful periods (dysmenorrhea), and excessive menstrual bleeding. In this study, we investigated the autistic traits in female university students with primary dysmenorrhea (PD). METHODS: Seventy females with PD and 70 females without PD were enrolled in the study. The Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) was used to measure autistic traits and the Brief Symptom Inventory was used for evaluating anxiety and depression levels...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606245/an-evaluation-of-a-brief-video-based-multiple-stimulus-without-replacement-preference-assessment
#15
Matthew T Brodhead, Monerah N Al-Dubayan, Meredith Mates, Emily A Abel, Lauren Brouwers
We evaluated a brief multiple-stimulus without replacement (MSWO) preference assessment conducted in video format with four children with autism. Specifically, we compared the results of a video-based MSWO to the results of a tangible MSWO. Toys identified as highly preferred (HP) in the video-based MSWO were also HP in the tangible MSWO for three of four participants, and correlations between video-based and tangible MSWO assessment results across participants were strong and statistically significant. Therefore, video-based MSWOs may be an accurate compliment to tangible MSWOs for children with autism...
June 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512246/design-development-and-clinical-validation-of-therapeutic-toys-for-autistic-children
#16
Kevin C Tseng, Sung-Hui Tseng, Hsin-Yi Kathy Cheng
[Purpose] One of the characteristics of autistic children is social interaction difficulties. Although therapeutic toys can promote social interaction, however its related research remains insufficient. The aim of the present study was to build a set of cooperative play toys that are suitable for autistic children. [Subjects and Methods] This study used an innovative product design and development approach as the basis for the creation of cooperative play toys. [Results] The present study has successfully developed cooperative play toys...
July 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27289132/the-relationship-between-autism-symptoms-and-arousal-level-in-toddlers-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-as-measured-by-electrodermal-activity
#17
Emily Barbara Prince, Elizabeth S Kim, Carla Anne Wall, Eugenia Gisin, Matthew S Goodwin, Elizabeth Schoen Simmons, Kaisa Chawarska, Frederick Shic
Electrodermal activity was examined as a measure of physiological arousal within a naturalistic play context in 2-year-old toddlers ( N = 27) with and without autism spectrum disorder. Toddlers with autism spectrum disorder were found to have greater increases in skin conductance level than their typical peers in response to administered play activities. In the autism spectrum disorder group, a positive relationship was observed between restrictive and repetitive behaviors and skin conductance level increases in response to mechanical toys, whereas the opposite pattern was observed for passive toys...
May 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27019276/translational-evaluation-of-a-lag-schedule-and-variability-in-food-consumed-by-a-boy-with-autism-and-food-selectivity
#18
Bryant C Silbaugh, Terry S Falcomata
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of a lag schedule of positive reinforcement on variability in food consumed by a boy with autism and food selectivity. METHODS: Using single-subject experimental design methodology, an ABAB design was employed. During lag 0 (condition A), high-preferred toys were delivered contingent on consumption of any food. During lag 1 (condition B), high-preferred toys were delivered contingent on consumption of different foods within session...
March 28, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27002704/environmental-enrichment-rescues-the-effects-of-early-life-inflammation-on-markers-of-synaptic-transmission-and-plasticity
#19
Amanda C Kentner, Antoine Khoury, Erika Lima Queiroz, Molly MacRae
Environmental enrichment (EE) has been successful at rescuing the brain from a variety of early-life psychogenic stressors. However, its ability to reverse the behavioral and neural alterations induced by a prenatal maternal infection model of schizophrenia is less clear. Moreover, the specific interactions between the components (i.e. social enhancement, novelty, physical activity) of EE that lead to its success as a supportive intervention have not been adequately identified. In the current study, standard housed female Sprague-Dawley rats were administered either the inflammatory endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 100μg/kg) or pyrogen-free saline (equivolume) on gestational day 15...
October 2016: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26936930/play-complexity-and-toy-engagement-in-preschoolers-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-do-girls-and-boys-differ
#20
Clare Harrop, Jonathan Green, Kristelle Hudry
While sex differences in play have been extensively observed in typical development, only a handful of studies have explored this phenomenon in depth with children with autism spectrum disorders. This study explored sex differences in play complexity and toy engagement within caregiver-child interaction samples for preschool-aged children (2-5 years 11 months) with an autism spectrum disorder who were matched to typically developing children on sex and non-verbal development. Overall we found that girls and boys with autism spectrum disorder were largely equivalent in their play complexity...
January 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
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