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hba1c angiography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605471/thermal-heterogeneity-of-carotid-arteries-as-a-novel-biomarker-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-assessed-for-coronary-artery-disease
#1
G Tzanis, M Bonou, G Benetos, S Biliou, S Liatis, C Kapelios, K Toutouzas, D Tousoulis, J Barbetseas
BACKGROUND: Vulnerable plaque plays crucial role in prognosis of diabetes mellitus (DM). Microwave radiometry (MWR) allows measurement of the temperature of tissues, thus indirectly reflecting inflammation, a characteristic of atherosclerotic plaque stability. Aim of the study was to evaluate the relation of carotid artery inflammation with glycemic control and presence of coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: We included 112 patients (65 ± 9 years, 30 ± 5 kg/m2 , 74 DM and 38 non-DM, with a 2:1 ratio) that were referred for scheduled coronary angiography (CA) for evaluation of their clinical condition...
March 29, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596050/testing-for-hba1c-in-addition-to-the-oral-glucose-tolerance-test-in-screening-for-abnormal-glucose-regulation-helps-to-reveal-patients-with-early-%C3%AE-cell-function-impairment
#2
Yu-Hsuan Li, Wayne Huey-Herng Sheu, Wen-Jane Lee, I-Te Lee, Shih-Yi Lin, Wen-Lieng Lee, Kae-Woei Liang, Jun-Sing Wang
BACKGROUND: The oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is recommended to screen for diabetes in patients with coronary artery disease. We hypothesized that testing for glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), in addition to the OGTT, in screening for abnormal glucose regulation may help to reveal patients with β-cell function impairment. METHODS: Patients with no history of diabetes who were admitted for coronary angiography were recruited to undergo an OGTT and HbA1c test 2-4 weeks after hospital discharge...
March 29, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546476/ceramide-stearic-to-palmitic-acid-ratio-predicts-incident-diabetes
#3
Mika Hilvo, Tuire Salonurmi, Aki S Havulinna, Dimple Kauhanen, Eva Ringdal Pedersen, Grethe S Tell, Klaus Meyer, Anna-Maria Teeriniemi, Tiina Laatikainen, Pekka Jousilahti, Markku J Savolainen, Ottar Nygård, Veikko Salomaa, Reijo Laaksonen
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Ceramide lipids have a role in the development of insulin resistance, diabetes and risk of cardiovascular disease. Here we investigated four ceramides and their ratios to find the best predictors of incident diabetes. METHODS: A validated mass-spectrometric method was applied to measure Cer(d18:1/16:0), Cer(d18:1/18:0), Cer(d18:1/24:0) and Cer(d18:1/24:1) from serum or plasma samples. These ceramides were analysed in a population-based risk factor study (FINRISK 2002, n = 8045), in a cohort of participants undergoing elective coronary angiography for suspected stable angina pectoris (Western Norway Coronary Angiography Cohort [WECAC], n = 3344) and in an intervention trial investigating improved methods of lifestyle modification for individuals at high risk of the metabolic syndrome (Prevent Metabolic Syndrome [PrevMetSyn], n = 371)...
March 15, 2018: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487991/effect-of-pioglitazone-on-cardiometabolic-profiles-and-safety-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-artery-intervention-a-prospective-multicenter-randomized-trial
#4
Atsushi Tanaka, Sho Komukai, Yoshisato Shibata, Hiroyoshi Yokoi, Yoshihiro Iwasaki, Tomohiro Kawasaki, Kenji Horiuchi, Koichi Nakao, Takafumi Ueno, Hitoshi Nakashima, Masahiro Tamashiro, Yutaka Hikichi, Mitsuhiro Shimomura, Motoko Tago, Shigeru Toyoda, Teruo Inoue, Atsushi Kawaguchi, Koichi Node
Pioglitazone has superior antiatherosclerotic effects compared with other classes of antidiabetic agents, and there is substantial evidence that pioglitazone improves cardiovascular (CV) outcomes. However, there is also a potential risk of worsening heart failure (HF). Therefore, it is clinically important to determine whether pioglitazone is safe in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who require treatment for secondary prevention of CV disease, since they have an intrinsically higher risk of HF...
February 27, 2018: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453673/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-discerns-preclinical-diabetic-retinopathy-in-eyes-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-without-clinical-diabetic-retinopathy
#5
Dan Cao, Dawei Yang, Zhongning Huang, Yunkao Zeng, Jun Wang, Yunyan Hu, Liang Zhang
AIMS: To investigate changes in retinal vascular plexuses and choriocapillaris in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) without diabetic retinopathy (DR) and healthy controls using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). METHODS: A total of 71 DM2 and 67 healthy control subjects were included. All subjects underwent OCTA examination (RTVue-XR Avanti; Optovue, Fremont, CA, USA). Average vessel density in superficial capillary plexus (SCP), deep capillary plexus (DCP) and choriocapillaris, parafoveal vessel density in SCP and DCP, FAZ area (mm2 ) in SCP, microaneurysms and capillary nonperfusion were taken into analysis...
February 16, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429361/-evaluation-of-diabetic-microangiopathy-using-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#6
Cecília Czakó, Gábor László Sándor, Mónika Ecsedy, Zsuzsanna Szepessy, Ágnes Borbándy, Miklós Resch, András Papp, Zsuzsa Récsán, Hajnalka Horváth, Zoltán Zsolt Nagy, Illés Kovács
INTRODUCTION: Optical coherence tomography angiography is a non-invasive imaging technique that is able to visualize the different retinal vascular layers using motion contrast to detect blood flow without intravenous dye injection. This method might help to assess microangiopathy in diabetic retinopathy during screening and follow-up. AIM: To quantify retinal microvasculature alterations in both eyes of diabetic patients in relation to systemic risk factors using optical coherence tomography angiography...
February 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402330/impact-of-diabetes-and-early-revascularization-on-the-need-for-late-and-repeat-procedures
#7
Ady Orbach, David A Halon, Ronen Jaffe, Ronen Rubinshtein, Basheer Karkabi, Moshe Y Flugelman, Barak Zafrir
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease often progresses more rapidly in diabetics, but the integrated impact of diabetes and early revascularization status on late or repeat revascularization in the contemporary era is less clear. METHODS: Coronary angiography was performed in 12,420 patients between the years 2000-2015 and early revascularization status [none, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or bypass surgery (CABG)] was determined. Subsequent revascularization procedures were recorded over a median follow-up of 67 months and its relation to diabetic and baseline revascularization status was studied...
February 5, 2018: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363665/evaluation-of-the-longitudinal-deformation-of-the-left-ventricular-myocardium-in-subjects-with-impaired-fasting-glucose-with-and-without-increased-glycated-hemoglobin
#8
Niloofar Akhavan-Khaleghi, Ali Hosseinsabet
OBJECTIVE: Prediabetes comprises a heterogeneous group because of the poor concordance of its definition. The aim of our study was to evaluate the longitudinal deformation of the left ventricular (LV) myocardium at the two opposite ends of the prediabetes spectrum as defined by fasting blood sugar and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c). METHODS: Eighty consecutive subjects in a cross-sectional single-center study with impaired fasting glucose (IFG) (100-126 mg/dL) and without significant epicardial coronary artery stenosis seen on selective coronary angiography were included in our study and were divided into two groups based on their HbA1c levels (<5...
January 24, 2018: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193789/temporal-changes-in-retinal-vascular-parameters-associated-with-successful-panretinal-photocoagulation-in-proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy-a-prospective-clinical-interventional-study
#9
Thomas Lee Torp, Ryo Kawasaki, Tien Yin Wong, Tunde Peto, Jakob Grauslund
PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate changes in retinal vascular geometry over time after panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). METHODS: Thirty-seven eyes with PDR were included. Wide-field fluorescein angiography (Optomap, Optos PLC., Dunfermline, Scotland, UK) was used to diagnose PDR at baseline and to assess activity at follow-up month three and six. At each time-point, a trained grader measured retinal vessel geometry on optic disc (OD) centred images using semiautomated software (SIVA, Singapore I Vessel Assessment, National University of Singapore, Singapore) according to a standardized protocol...
November 29, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191678/comparison-of-digital-color-fundus-imaging-and-fluorescein-angiographic-findings-for-the-early-detection-of-diabetic-retinopathy-in-young-type-1-diabetic-patients
#10
Z Kapsala, A Anastasakis, D Mamoulakis, I Maniadaki, M Tsilimbaris
PURPOSE: To compare the findings from digital 7-field color fundus (CF) photography and fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA) in young patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) type 1 without known diabetic retinopathy. METHODS: In this prospective, observational cohort study, 54 type 1 diabetic patients were recruited. Participants had been diagnosed with diabetes mellitus (DM) for at least 6 years, had Best Corrected Visual Acuity of 20/25 or better and did not have any known retinal pathology...
January 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157245/low-1-5-anhydroglucitol-levels-are-associated-with-long-term-cardiac-mortality-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-patients-with-hemoglobin-a1c-levels-less-than-7-0
#11
Shohei Ouchi, Kazunori Shimada, Tetsuro Miyazaki, Shuhei Takahashi, Yurina Sugita, Megumi Shimizu, Azusa Murata, Tomoyasu Kadoguchi, Takao Kato, Tatsuro Aikawa, Shoko Suda, Eiryu Sai, Masaru Hiki, Hiroshi Iwata, Takatoshi Kasai, Katsumi Miyauchi, Hiroyuki Daida
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is considered an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. High hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels, which indicate poor glycemic control, have been associated with occurrence of cardiovascular diseases. There are few parameters which can predict cardiovascular risk in patients with well-controlled diabetes. Low 1,5-anhydroglucitol (1,5-AG) levels are considered a clinical marker of postprandial hyperglycemia. We hypothesized that low 1,5-AG levels could predict long-term mortality in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with relatively low HbA1c levels...
November 21, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137019/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-patients-with-diabetic-retinopathy-treated-with-anti-vegf-intravitreal-injections-case-report
#12
Katarzyna Michalska-Małecka, Anna Heinke Knudsen
PURPOSE: To present optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) features in patients with diabetic retinopathy (DR) at the baseline and in response to treatment with anti-VEGF intravitreal injections. To investigate the role of OCTA in management of patients with DR. METHODS: Retrospective case series showing primary outcomes of 3 patients with DR and diabetic macular edema. Patients were injected intravitreally a loading phase of 3 monthly 2.0 mg aflibercept, followed by 2 injections bimonthly (5 injections in total)...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079813/postprandial-blood-glucose-outweighs-fasting-blood-glucose-and-hba1c-in-screening-coronary-heart-disease
#13
Jingjing Jiang, Lin Zhao, Liu Lin, Minghui Gui, Qiqige Aleteng, Bingjie Wu, Shanshan Wang, Baishen Pan, Yan Ling, Xin Gao
The objective of the present study is to assess the performance of fasting blood glucose (FBG), postprandial blood glucose (PBG), and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) as screening for coronary heart disease (CHD) in an inpatient population undergoing coronary angiography. 1852 consecutive patients scheduled for coronary angiography were classified into Normal Glucose Tolerance (NGT), Impaired Glucose Regulation (IGR), and diabetes, based on FBG, PBG, and HbA1c. Correlations of Gensini score with glucose metabolism and insulin resistance were analyzed...
October 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053718/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-vessel-density-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes
#14
Joanna Gołębiewska, Andrzej Olechowski, Marta Wysocka-Mincewicz, Dominik Odrobina, Marta Baszyńska-Wilk, Artur Groszek, Mieczysław Szalecki, Wojciech Hautz
PURPOSE: To assess the optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) retinal vessel density and foveal avascular zone (FAZ) in children with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and compare potential pathologic early changes in this population to healthy age-matched controls. METHODS: This study included 130 pubescent children: 94 with T1D (188 eyes) and 36 of their age-matched control group (60 eyes). OCTA was performed using AngioVue (Avanti, Optivue). FAZ area (mm2) in superficial plexus, whole superficial capillary vessel density (wsVD), fovea superficial vessel density (fsVD), parafovea superficial vessel density (psVD), whole deep vessel density (wdVD), fovea deep vessel density (fdVD), parafovea deep vessel density (pdVD), foveal thickness (FT) (μm) and parafoveal thickness (PFT) (μm) were taken into analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018613/relationship-between-hemoglobin-glycation-index-and-extent-of-coronary-heart-disease-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Po Chung Cheng, Shang Ren Hsu, Yun Chung Cheng, Yu Hsiu Liu
BACKGROUND: Individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are at an increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Diabetic complications have recently been associated with a measure of glucose metabolism known as the hemoglobin glycation index (HGI). Currently there is insufficient information regarding a potential link between HGI and cardiovascular disease. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between HGI and extent of CHD in individuals with T2D. METHODS: This cross-sectional study screened individuals visiting the endocrinology clinic between June 2012 and May 2016 for eligibility...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913755/management-and-clinical-outcome-of-stable-coronary-artery-disease-in-austria-results-from-5-years-of-the-clarify-registry
#16
Irene M Lang, Roza Badr-Eslam, Nicola Greenlaw, Robin Young, Philippe Gabriel Steg
BACKGROUND: The population of patients with established coronary artery disease (CAD) is growing because of an improvement in outcomes and survival from acute disease episodes. Nevertheless, these patients remain at high risk of cardiovascular events. Thus, CAD management is important in prevention of disease progression. The objective of this analysis was to describe disease management and clinical outcome of Austrian outpatients with stable CAD over 5 years by using data from the international CLARIFY registry...
December 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817814/cardiac-computed-tomography-angiographic-findings-as-predictors-of-late-heart-failure-in-an-asymptomatic-diabetic-cohort-an-8-year-prospective-follow-up-study
#17
David A Halon, Jubran Ayman, Ronen Rubinshtein, Barak Zafrir, Mali Azencot, Basil S Lewis
OBJECTIVES: Predictive models for heart failure (HF) in heterogeneous populations have had limited success. We examined cardiac computed tomography angiography (CTA) predictors of HF or cardiovascular death (HF-CVD) in a prospective study of asymptomatic diabetics undergoing baseline assessment by CTA. METHODS: The subjects (n = 735, aged 55-74 years, 51.2% women) had no clinical history of cardiovascular disease at study entry. Coronary artery calcium (CAC) score, CTA-defined coronary atherosclerosis, cardiac chamber volumes, and clinical data were collected and late outcome events recorded over 8...
2017: Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804682/effects-of-intensive-pitavastatin-therapy-on-glucose-control-in-patients-with-non-st-elevation-acute-coronary-syndrome
#18
Yan-Bo Wang, Xiang-Hua Fu, Xin-Shun Gu, Wei-Ze Fan, Yun-Fa Jiang, Guo-Zhen Hao, Qing Miao, Jie Cao, Bing Fu, Yi Li
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effects of intensive pitavastatin therapy on glucose control in patients with non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods: Patients who had ACS with significant stenosis on initial coronary angiography and received successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, China from August 2015 to January 2016 were enrolled in this study. The patients were randomized to receive pitavastatin (4 mg daily) or atorvastatin (20 mg daily)...
2017: American Journal of Cardiovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789650/hemoglobin-a1c-is-associated-with-severity-of-coronary-artery-stenosis-but-not-with-long-term-clinical-outcomes-in-diabetic-and-nondiabetic-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-undergoing-primary-angioplasty
#19
Jianqing She, Yangyang Deng, Yue Wu, Yulong Xia, Hongbing Li, Xiao Liang, Rui Shi, Zuyi Yuan
BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus are known to present with multiple vessel lesions during coronary angiography. The underlying mechanism remains elusive and there is a shortage of serum prediction markers. In this study, we investigate the relationship between admission HbA1c and severity of coronary artery stenosis and subsequent prognosis in AMI patients with or without diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We measured admission HbA1c, and vessel scores based on the number of diseased coronary vessels with significant stenosis in 628 patients diagnosed with AMI...
August 8, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762929/-risk-factors-of-cardiovascular-complications-after-beating-heart-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-patients-with-type-two-diabetes
#20
S Y Borodashkina, K V Protasov, V A Podkamennyi
AIM: to determine risk factors of early cardiovascular complications after beating-heart coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with ischemic coronary disease (IHD) and type two diabetes (D2). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included into this study 188 patients (mean age 59 years, 85.1% men) with IHD and D2 who underwent off-pump CABG. The following cardiovascular complications (CVC) registered within 7 days after surgery were analyzed: myocardial infarction (MI), stroke/transient ischemic attack (S/TIA), atrial fibrillation (AF)...
March 2017: Kardiologiia
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